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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(五)及答案.doc.doc

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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(五)及答案.doc.doc

..2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷五一、VocabularyandStructure(10points,1pointforeachitem)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Thereasonformakingadecisionisthataproblemexists,orsomethingisstanding______thewayofaccomplishingthem.A.inB.onC.byD.at答案A2.Peopleandanimalsaredifferent______theirreactionstodrugsandinthewaytheirbodieswork.A.in...whichB.in...thatC.by...whichD.from...that答案B3.Newandmore______methodshavetobefoundforcollectingearthquakedataandanalyzingit.A.uptodateB.updateC.uptoD.outdated答案A4.AFilipinomaidwasexecutedinSingaporeafterbeingconvicted______murder,despiteprotestsfromvariousquartersthatherguilthadnotbeenadequatelyestablished.A.ofB.withC.aboutD.on答案A5.______fromthepointofviewofsocietyisnecessarylaborisfromhisownpointofviewvoluntaryplayA.ThatB.WhatC.WhichD.Who答案B..6.Itwasthere,policebelieve,thatWeinsteinwasableto______therecordershekeptinherbag.A.actB.actingC.activateD.active答案C7.Thevoterswere______largelybyadesireforchange.A.motionedB.motoredC.motivatedD.motived答案C8.Hewasto______director.A.acceleratedB.liftedC.raisedD.promoted答案D9.Ifthalidomidewereinventedtoday,itwouldneverbe______forhumanusebecausenewtestsonpregnantanimalswouldrevealthedangers.A.relaxedB.releasedC.relievedD.relived答案B10.Themainbreadwinnerinherfamily,she______workforaverylowwageatateafactory.A.usedtoB.wasusedtoC.usestoD.hasusedto答案A..二、ClozeTest(10points,1pointforeachitem)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.About150yearsago,amusiciansatquietlyataconcertinVienna.Hewasplayinghisnewsymphony.Hecouldnt1thattheaudiencewereclappingwildly.Hewasdeaf.HewasBeethoven,oneofthegreatestmusicianswhoeverlived.Beethovenwroteabout3002ofmusic.Hewrotesomeofhismostbeautifulpiecesafterhebecamedeaf.Itishardforanyonetobedeaf.Butitisevenworseforamusicianthanfor3else.ThinkofnotbeingabletohearthemusicyouhavewrittenAsachildBeethovendidnothaveahappylife.Hisfatherdrank4.Whentheboywasonlyfour,hisfatherdecidedtomakeamusician5him.Hourafterhourhehadtopractice6theviolin.Helearnedsofastthathewasabletomakeaconcerttourwhenhewaseleven.Whenhewasseventeen,thegreatMozartpraisedhim.AfterhestudiedwithHaydn,Beethovenwaswritingagreatdealofmusic7.Beethovenhadanuglyfaceandabadtemper.Hewasofteninvited8thehomesofwealthypeople.Theyforgavehimwhenhistemperflaredup.Illnessmadehimbecomedeafwhenhewas9thirtyone.Beethovenwrotelongpiecesandshortones,gentleonesand10ones.1.A.hearB.listenC.listentoD.hearof答案D2.A.tunesB.piecesC.songsD.tones答案B3.A.anyoneB.everyoneC.nobodyD.everybody答案C4.A.agreatmanyB.agreatdealC.alotofD.lotsof答案D5.A.onB.outofC.ofD.with答案C6.A.onB.outofC.ofD.with答案A7.A.lonelyB.himselfC.ofD.only答案B8.A.onB.forC.toD.into答案D9.A.simplyB.surelyC.ofD.only答案C10...A.excitingB.excitedC.boringD.bored答案D..三、ReadingComprehension(30points,2pointsforeachitem)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Humanfeelingsareaffectedbycolourunconsciously.Manufacturershavediscoveredbytrialanderrorthatsugarsellsbadlyingreenwrappings,thatbluefoodsareconsideredbyconsumersastasteless,andthatcosmeticsshouldneverbepackagedinbrown.Thesediscoverieshavegrownintoawholedisciplineofcolourpsychology.Someofourpreferencesareclearlypsychological.DarkblueisthecolourofthenightskyandthereforeassociatedwithquietandcalmWhiteyellowisakeycolourinassociationwithenergy.Forprimitivemen,activityduringthedaytimemeanthuntingandattacking,whichhesoonsawred,thecolourofbloodandthefire.Soitwasnaturalthatgreen,thecomplementarycolourtored,shouldbeassociatedwithpassivedefence.Experimentshaveshownthatcoloursalsohaveadirectpsychologicaleffect.Peoplewhenexposedtobrightred,showanincreaseinbreathingrate,heartbeatandbloodpressure.Redisexciting.Similarexposuretopurebluehasexactlytheoppositeeffect,becauseitisacalmingcolour.Becauseredhasanimplicationofexciting,itwaschosenasthesignalfordanger.Someanalysisshowsthatavividyellowcanproduceamorebasicstateofalarm.Sofireenginesandambulancesinsomeadvancedcountriesarenowrushingaroundinbrightyellowcoloursthatstoptrafficdeed.1.Thepassageisabout_______.A.whycolouraffectshumansB.colourandmanufacturersC.colourandtrafficaccidentsD.howcoloursinfluencehumanfeelings答案D2.Manufacturershavediscoveredthesecretofcoloursinmarketing_______.A.byaccumulatingtheirvariousexperiencesB.byexperimentingwithdifferentcoloursC.bydevelopingthedisciplineofcolourpsychologyD.bytryingnottomakemistakes答案A..3.Ourpreferencesforcertaincoloursare_______.A.associatedwiththetimeofthedayB.associatedwithpsychologyC.dependentonourcharacterD.linkedwiththeprimitivemen答案B4.Ifpeopleareexposedtored,whichofthefollowingstatementsdoesnothappenA.Theybreathefaster.B.Theirbloodpressurerises.C.Theyfeelafraid.D.Theirheartsbeatfaster.答案C5.WhichofthefollowingisNOTTRUEA.Colourprobablyhasaneffectonuswhichwearenotconsciousof.B.Ourfeelingsaboutcertaincoloursarepurelypsychology.C.Foodshouldneverbepackagedinbrown.D.Sugarsellsbadlyingreenwrappings.答案C2.Theseaisthecommonpropertyofallnations.Itbelongsequallytoall.Nonecanappropriateitexclusivelytothemselvesnorisitforeigntoany.ThiswasthedecisionofJohnMarshall,chiefjusticeoftheUnitedStatesfrom1801to1835.Itwasstatedasafundamentalruletheseathatnoone,andthereforeeveryone,ownstheocean.Thismeansthatoutsideterritorialwatersthewaterswithinthreemilesofacountryscoast,thelawiswhatevernationsagreeoninpeacetimeandwhateverthestrongestnavalpowerscanenforceinwartime.AftertheUnitedStatespurchasedAlaska,AmericansbegantoseizeCanadianswhowerehuntingsealsoutsideAlaskanterritorialwaters.TheAmericansclaimedthatthesealswereAmericanpropertybecausetheyoftencameintotheAlaskanshoresownedbytheUnitedStates.Internationalarbitratorsdisagreedwiththisreasoning.Insomecases,however,thespecialrightsofanationthatmakesuseofanopenseaareaarerecognized.Alloftheseasrulesoftheroadareestablishedbyinternationalconferencesandtreaties.1.Thefundamentalruleoftheseameansthat_______.A.theseashouldbeequallydividedamongallthenationsintheworldB.anyareaoftheseabelongstothenationclosesttoitC.nonationhasanysearights..D.nonationhasexclusiverighttotheopensea答案2.TheAmericansclaimtothesealswasbasedon_______.A.theideathatthesealscomingtoAmericanshoreswereAmericanpropertyB.theideathattheywereinternationalarbitratorsC.thefactthattheUnitedStateshadpurchasedallthewatersoffAlaskaD.thefactthattheUnitedStateshadspecialrightsforopenseaareas答案A3.Internationalarbitratorsdecidedthat_______.A.Internationalarbitratorsdecidedthat.B.theCanadianscouldhuntthesealsoutsideAlaskaterritorialwatersC.theUnitedStatescouldclaimthesealsasitspropertyD.theAmericanscouldnothunttheseals答案B4.Inpeacetime,nationsmayacquirespecialrightsonopenwatersby_______.A.anagreementwiththestrongestnavalpowersB.thedecisionsofinternationalarbitratorsC.internationalagreementsD.negotiationswiththosewhoowntheareas答案C5.Themainideaofthispassageisthat_______.A.thelawoftheseawasstatedbyJohnMarshallB.somenationsareabletoacquirespecialopensearightsC.everynationownsitsterritorialwatersD.thelawsoftheseaareestablishedbyinternationalagreement答案C3.Homingpigeonsareplacedinatrainingprogramfromaboutthetimetheyaretwentyeightdaysofage.Theyaretaughttoenterthecagethroughatrapandtoexerciseaboveandaroundtheloft鸽房,andgraduallytheyaretakenawayforshortdistancesinwillowbasketsandreleased.Theyarethenexpectedtofindtheirwayhomeintheshortestpossibletime.Intheirtrainingflightsorinactualraces,thebirdsaretakentoprearrangeddistantpointsandreleasedtofindtheirwaybacktotheirownlofts.Oncethebirdsareliberated,theirowners,whoarestandingbyatthehomelofts,anxiouslywatchtheskyforthereturnoftheirentries.Sincetimeisoftheessence,thespeedwithwhichthebirdscanbeinducedtoenterthelofttrapmaymakethedifferencebetweengainingawinorasecondplace.Theheadofahomingpigeoniscomparativelysmall,butitsbrainisonequarter..largerthanthatoftheordinarypigeon.Thehomingpigeonisveryintelligentandwillperseveretothepointofstubbornnesssomehavebeenknowntoflyahundredmilesoffcoursetoavoidastorm.Somehomingpigeonexpertsclaimthatthisbirdisgiftedwithaformofbuiltinradarthathelpsitfinditsownloftafterhoursofflight,forhiddenundertheheadfeathersaretwoverysensitiveears,whilethesharp,prominenteyescanseegreatdistancesindaytime.WhydohomingpigeonsflyhomeTheyarenotuniqueinthisinherentskillitisfoundinmostmigratorybirds,inbees,ants,toads,andeventurtles,whichhavebeenknowntotravelhundredsofmilestoreturntotheirhomes.Butintheanimalworld,thehomingpigeonalonecanbetrustedwithitsfreedomandtrainedtocarryoutthemissionsthatpeopledemand.1.Thispassageismainlyabout_______.A.homingpigeonsandtheirtrainingB.howtobuyahomingpigeonC.protectionofhomingpigeonsagainstthethreatofextinctionD.liberationofhomingpigeons答案A2.Accordingtothepassage,whathappenstohomingpigeonswhentheyareaboutamontholdA.Theyarekeptinatrap.B.Theyentertheirfirstrace.C.Theybeginatrainingprogram.D.Theygettheirwingsclippedandmarked.答案C3.Accordingtothepassage,whatisthedifferencebetweenahomingpigeonandanordinaryoneA.ThespanofthewingsB.Theshapeoftheeyes.C.ThetextureofthefeathersD.Thesizeofthebrain.答案D4.Theauthormentionsallofthefollowingattributesthatenableahomingpigeontoreturnhomeexcept_______.A.instinctB.airsacsC.sensitiveearsD.goodeyes答案B..5.Whydoestheauthormentionbees,ants,toads蟾蜍,andturtlesinthelastparagraphA.Todescribesomeunusualkindsofpets.B.Tomeasuredistancestraveledbyvariousanimals.C.Tocomparetheirhomefindingabilitieswiththoseofhomingpigeons.D.Tointerestthereaderinlearningaboutotheranimals.答案C四、WordSpelling20points,0.5pointfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1.研究调查n.r答案research2.商人n.m答案merchant3.分析v.a答案analyze4.全体人员人事(部门)n.p答案personnel5.生命的极为重要的a.v答案vital6.管理行政n.a答案administration7.尽管任凭prep.d答案despite8.提高增强v.e答案enhance9.坚持持续v.p答案persist10.仪器乐器n.i答案instrument11.最初的开始的a.i答案initial

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