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2011年4月自考英语词汇学真题及答案.doc.doc

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2011年4月自考英语词汇学真题及答案.doc.doc

12011年4月英语词汇学试题及答案课程代码00832I.Eachofthestatementsbelowisfollowedbyfouralternativeanswers.Choosetheonethatbestcompletesthestatementandputtheletterinthebracket.301.ThedevelopmentofEnglishvocabularycanbedividedintothefollowingparticularhistoricalperiodEXCEPT______.A.OldEnglishB.MiddleEnglishC.NewEnglishD.ModernEnglish2.Thedefinitionofawordcomprisesthefollowingpoints______.1aminimalfreeformofalanguage2asoundunity3aunitofmeaning4aformthatcanfunctionaloneinasentenceA.1and2B.12and3C.23and4D.123and43.Wordsofthebasicwordstockcaneachbeusedalone,andatthesametimecanformnewwordswithotherrootsandaffixes,e.g.footisthefatheroffootball,footageandfootprint.Thisdemonstratesthatoneofthecharacteristicsofthewordsofthebasicstockis______.A.productivityB.polysemyC.stabilityD.collocability4.TheIndoEuropeanlanguagefamilyismadeupofmostofthelanguagesofEurope,theNearEast,and______.A.IndiaB.theFarEastC.theWestAsiaD.America5.IntheearlyperiodofModernEnglish,EuropesawanewupsurgeoflearningancientGreekand______classics.ThisisknowninhistoryastheRenaissance.2A.IndiaB.GermanC.RomanD.Chinese6.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrueA.OldEnglishwasahighlyinflectedlanguage.B.InearlyMiddleEnglishperiod,English,LatinandCelticexistedsidebyside.C.TheintroductionofprintingintoEnglandmarkedthebeginningofmodernEnglishperiod.D.ThemostimportantmodeofvocabularydevelopmentinpresentdayEnglishiscreationofnewwordsbymeansofwordformation.7.Thesmallestfunctioningunitinthecompositionofwordsis______.A.morphemeB.affixesC.rootD.stem8.Thereis/are______monomorphemicwordsinthefollowingwordshot,dog,feet,matches.A.1B.2C.3D.49.Thepluralmorphemesispronouncedas/s/inthefollowingwordsEXCEPT______.A.packsB.bagsC.cheatsD.ships10.30to40ofthetotalnumberofnewwordsinEnglishvocabularyareproducedthrough______.A.affixationB.clippingC.compoundingD.shortening11.Theformationofnewwordsbyconvertingwordsofoneclasstoanotherclassiscalled______.A.prefixationB.suffixationC.acronymyD.conversion12.Themethodofcreatingwordsbyremovingthesupposedsuffixesiscalled______.3A.backformationB.clippingC.blendingD.suffixation13.______accountsfortheconnectionbetweenthelinguisticsymbolanditsmeaning.A.SenseB.MotivationC.ConceptD.Reference14.By______motivation,wemeanthatthemeaningofaparticularwordisrelatedtoitsorigin.A.onomatopoeicB.morphologicalC.semanticD.etymological15.InEnglishthereare______typesofmotivationthatconcernstherelationshipbetweenthesignandmeaning.A.2B.3C.4D.516.WhatisacommonfeaturepeculiartoallnaturallanguagesA.Suffixation.B.Variation.C.Allomorph.D.Polysemy.17.Red,scarlet,mauve,violet,lavender,pansy,black,purple,etc,makeupthe______fieldofcolours.A.stylisticB.semanticC.ellipticD.syntactic18.WhatisapplicabletocontradictorytermsofsomeantonymsmayNOTbeapplicabletotheir______termsA.connotativeB.collocativeC.relativeD.negative19.Whenacommonwordisturnedintoapropernoun,themeaningis______accordingly.A.relatedB.narrowedC.createdD.suggested420.WhichofthefollowingwordswasusedduringtheAmericanCivilWartorefertothosenorthernerswhoweresecretlyaidingtheSouthA.Rattlesnake.B.Villain.C.Informer.D.Copperhead.21.Peoplechangewordmeaningowingtovarious______motiveslove,respect,courtesy,suspicion,pessimism,sarcasm,irony,contempt,hatred,etc.A.psychologicalB.socialC.communicativeD.lexical22.Inanarrowsense,contextreferstothewords,clauses,sentencesinwhichawordappearsandisknownas______context.A.nonlinguisticB.linguisticC.grammaticalD.lexical23.WhichofthefollowingisoneofthemainfunctionsofverbalcontextA.Eliminationofambiguity.B.Indicationforreferents.C.Provisionofcluesforinferringwordmeaning.D.Alltheabove.24.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueaboutextralinguisticcontextA.Itcanbesubdividedintogrammaticalcontextandnonlinguisticcontext.B.Itreferstophysicalsituationorenvironmentrelatingtotheuseofwords.C.Itembracesthepeople,timeandplace.D.Itmayextendtoembracetheentireculturalbackground.25.Theidiomfallintogoodhandsisa______asfarasfiguresofspeechareconcerned.A.synecdocheB.metaphorC.metonymyD.personification26.Fleshandbloodisanidiom______innature.A.verbalB.nominal5C.adjectivalD.adverbial27.Thechangeofidiomvelvetpawsfromtheoriginalformis______.A.replacementB.positionshiftingC.additionD.shortening28.Americandictionariesgenerallyuse______tomarkthepronunciation.A.BritishPhoneticAlphabetB.AmericanPhoneticAlphabetC.InternationalPhoneticAlphabetD.WebstersPhoneticAlphabet29.WhichofthefollowingdictionariesisNOTaspecializeddictionaryA.TheOxfordDictionaryofEnglishEtymologyB.ChambersEncyclopaedicEnglishDictionaryC.LongmanDictionaryofPhrasalVerbsD.WebstersNewDictionaryofSynonyms30.Usagenotesofthedictionaryexplain______.A.theslightdifferencebetweenwordsofsimilarmeaningsB.difficultpointsofgrammarandstyleC.importantBritishandAmericandifferencesD.alltheaboveII.Completethefollowingstatementswithproperwordsorexpressionsaccordingtothecoursebook.1531.ThegeneralestimateofthepresentdayEnglishvocabularyisoverone_________words.32.Attheendof6thcentury,LatinspeakingmissionariesunderSt.AugustinecametospreadChristianityinBritain.Itbroughtmanynewideasandcustomsandalsomany_________termssuchasabbot,candle,altar,etc.33.Theformsthatareattachedtowordsorwordelementstomodifymeaningorfunctionare_________.34.Theprocessofchangingthewordpossibleintoimpossibleiscalled_________.35.Thesynonymouspairdiepassawayhasthesame_________butdifferentstylisticvalues.636.Semantically,all_________arerelatedinonewayoranother.37.Fortuitousformerlydenotedhappeningbychance,accidentalandlatertookonthemeaningfortunateprobablyby_________becausethetwowordslooksimilar.38.ThesentenceHeisahardbusinessmanisambiguousdueto_________.39.Thecharacteristicofidioms_________unitycanbereflectedbytheunderstandingofsuchidiomasraincatsanddogs.40.Definition,extracolumnandusage_________aretheuniquefeaturesofCollinsCOBUILDEnglishLanguageDictionary1987.III.Definethefollowingterms.1541.jargon42.derivationalaffix43.grammaticalmeaning44.associatedtransfer45.variationsofidiomsIV.Answerthefollowingquestions.Youranswersshouldbeclearandshort.Writeyouranswersinthespacegivenbelow.2046.leorn→ian→lern→en→learnAboveisthechangeoflearnfromOldEnglishthroughMiddleEnglishtoModernEnglish.WhatcanyouconcludefromtheviewpointofthedevelopmentofEnglishvocabulary47.Bothinitialismsandacronymsareformedtoacertainextentfrominitialletters.IsthereanydifferencebetweenthemIllustrateyourpointwithexamples.48.WhatistheappropriateantonymforacuteinthefollowingstatementShegotanacutepaininherback.49.WhatarecontextualcluesGuessthemeaningofthewordunderlinedinthefollowingsentenceandtellwhatcontextualclueshavehelpedyouinarrivingatthemeaning.aPerhapsthemoststartlingtheorytocomeoutofkinesics,thestudyofbodymovement,wassuggestedbyProfessorBirdwhistell.7bItsjustonemoreincredibleresultofthedevelopmentofmicroprocessorsthosetinypartsofacomputercommonlyknownassiliconchips.V.Analyzeandcommentonthefollowing.Writeyouranswersinthespacegivenbelow.2050.Commentonthefollowinggroupstoillustratethedifferencebetweenpartialandfullconversion.Group1whiteawhite,finalfinalsGroup2richtherich,woundedthewounded51.Analyzeandcommentonthemeaningsofthefollowingsentencesandthenfindouttherightantonymsforeachfastrespectively.AMygod,look,thisclockisonehourfast,asifwewereatTokyo.BThecolorsarentfast,sobecarefulwhenyouwashthisshirt.CThedelegationpaidafastvisittotheUnitedKingdomlastmonth.89

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