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2011年7月_自考英语二试题及答案.doc.doc

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2011年7月_自考英语二试题及答案.doc.doc

2011年7月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试英语(二)试卷I.Vocabularyand.Structure10points,1pointeach从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Studentsshould_____theirowninterestsaswellasdotheirschoolwork.A.persuadeB.pursueC.persistD.proceed2.Idliketoremindyouthatthereisno_____onthepartofsuspectstoanswerquestions.A.obligationB.evidenceC.transactionD.motivation3.Heblamedhispoorperformance_____jetlag.A.toB.forC.onD.at4.We_____knowledgefromourfamilies,schools,jobs,andthemassmedia.A.requestB.requireC.inquireD.acquire5.Notuntilrecently_____thatThompsonhadbentellingthetruthallalong.A.IrealizedB.didIrealizeC.IdidrealizeD.realizedI6.Idontneedanyhelpatthemoment,butI_____youroffer.A.appreciateB.admireC.enjoyD.like7.Thesadconditionofwomenworkingashouseservantsaroundtheworldreceivedmuchmedia_____earlythisyear.A.importanceB.attentionC.significanceD.popularity8.Shehasnohostilitytous,_____canbejudgedfromhereyes.A.thatB.andC.henceD.as9.Whenyoure_____acrisis,itoftenhelpstotalktosomeone.A.goingthroughB.goinginforC.goingafterD.goingover10.Decisiononwhetherthemessageisrightorwrongshouldatleastcomeafter_____whatthemessageis.A.puttingoutB.turningoutC.workingoutD.runningoutII.ClozeTest10points,1pointeach下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PeopleinallpartsoftheworldareobservingNoTobaccoDay.Itistheday11theWorldHealthOrganizationWHOappealstopeopletostopusingtobaccoproducts.WHOhopesifpeoplestopsmokingcigarettesor12tobaccoforoneday,theywillstoppermanently.Healthexpertshavewarnedforyearsthatsmokingcanleadtoheartdisease,cancerandother13.WHOsaysdiseaseslinkedtosmokingkill142,500,000personseachyear.Still,manypeoplefindit15stoppingsmoking.Onereasonisnicotine,asubstancefoundincigarettes.Nicotineisadrug.Itseffectsare16thoseofcocaineandheroin.NoTobaccoDayisintendedforsmokersand17whoearnmoneyfromtobaccosales.Sobusinessesareurgedtostopsellingtobaccoproductsfortwentyfourhours.18areurgednottocarryadvertisementsforcigarettes.WHOhasapprovedplanstohelpreachits19ofasmokefreeworld.Theyurgegovernmentstotakeactiontohelp20makemoneybygrowingothercrops.Theyalsocallforimprovedpublicinformationcampaignsabouttherisksofsmoking.11.A.whetherB.whichC.whenD.what12.A.tochewB.chewC.chewingD.chewed13.A.problemsB.questions,C.resultsD.behaviors14.A.atbeatB.atmostC.atworseD.atleast15.A.difficultB.inconvenientC.worryingD.reasonable16.A.betterthanB.similartoC.consistentwithD.dependenton17.A.thatB.thisC.theseD.those18.A.ReadersB.BooksC.ManagersD.Newspapers19.A.ObjetB.goalC.destinationD.direction20.A.WorkersB.manufacturersC.farmersD.producersIII.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointseach从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.NooneinmyfamilycouldbelieveAllegrahadanydisability,muchlessoneassevereashers.Tothemadisabilitywasphysical,somethingyoucouldsee.Theyknewherasahappy,normalchild.Thatshowitiswithalearningdisabilityyoudontseeobviousphysicalsymptoms.Butasshegrewoutofpreschool,shewouldpretendtoreadIknewshewaspretendingbecausethebookwasupsidedown.Shewithdrewintoherownworldwhereshecouldfantasizeaboutbeingaballetdancer,aBroadwayactressorafigureskater.Intherealworld,balletclassesandmusiclessonsledonlytoconfusion,frustrationand,ultimately,disappointment.Asforschool,therewasnowayshecouldbeincludedinamainstreamclassroom.IwentthrougheveryspecialschoolinNewYork,onlytobetoldoverandoverShedoesntbelonghere.Thelastblowcameafewmonthsafterthediagnosis,whenIwasatapayphoneon72ndStreet,waitingforananswerfromtheverylastschoolonmylist.FinallyacoldvoicecameonIcanstillhearitandsaidImsorry,butwefeelthisisnttheplaceforher.Ihungupandstaredatthephoneintears.IhadlivedmylifeasthedaughterofHenryFordII,andforthefirsttimeinmylifeIfacedaproblemthatneithermoneynorpositioncouldsolve.Inearlygaveup,butIknewIcouldnt.Withoutme,mydaughterstoodnochanceofmakingit.21.Accordingtothefirstparagraph,Allegrasproblemwas_.A.psychologicalB.obviousC.physicalD.invisible22.Allegrawasdisabledinthat_.A.shewasunabletolearnlikeanormalchildB.shewasalwaysreadingwithherbookupsidedownC.sheisolatedherselffromotherchildreninherclassD.shewaslivinginherdreamsinconflictwiththerealworld23.Theexpressionamainstreamclassroompara.3refers,to_.A.thelastblowB.thelastschoolC.specialschoolsD.normaleducation24.Itcanbeinferredfromthelastparagraphthat_.A.theauthorwouldaskHenryFordIIforhelpB.theauthorwouldcontinuetohelpherdaughterC.theauthorwouldleaveNewYorkforthesakeofherdaughterD.theauthorhadtousemoneyorpositiontodealwiththeproblem25.Thephrasemakingitpara.4probablymeans_.A.becomingafigureskaterB.becomingaballetdancerC.becomingsuccessfulD.gettingpropertreatmentPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Contrarytowhatmanypeoplebelieve,highlyintelligentchildrenarenotnecessarilyboundtohaveanacademicsuccess.Infact,socalledgiftedstudentsmayfailtodowellbecausetheyareunusuallysmart.Ensuringthatagiftedchildreacheshisorherpotentialrequiresanunderstandingofwhatcangowrongandhowtosatisfytheunusuallearningrequirementsofextremelybrightyoungpeople.Onecommonproblemgiftedkidsfaceisthatthey,andthosearoundthem,placetoomuchimportanceonbeingsmart.Suchanemphasiscanbreedabeliefthatbrightpeopledonothavetoworkhardtodowell.Althoughsmartkidsmaynotneedtoworkhardinthelowergradeswhentheworkiseasy,theymaystruggleandperformpoorlywhentheworkgetsharderbecausetheydonotmaketheefforttolearn.Insomecases,theymaynotknowhowtostudy,havingneverdoneitbefore.Inothers,theysimplycannotacceptthefactthatsometasksrequireeffort.Ifthescholasticachievementofhighlyintelligentchildrenremainsbelowaverageforanextendedperiod,manyteacherswillfailtorecognizetheirpotential.Asaresult,suchstudentsmaynotgettheencouragementtheyneed,andmayfurtherbedepressedtolearn.Theymayfallfarbehindintheirschoolworkandevendevelopbehaviorproblems.Boysmayturnaggressiveorbecomeclassclowns(小丑).Girlsoftendevelopperformanceanxietyandothersymptomssuchasstomachaches.OnewaytoavoidsuchdifficultiesistorecognizethatIQisjustoneoftheelementsforsuccess.ChildrendowellorstruggleinschoolforahostofreasonsapartfromIQ,accordingtopsychologistFranzMonksoftheUniversityofNijmegenintheNetherlands.Theseincludemotivationandpersistence,socialcompetence,andthesupportoffamily,educatorsandfriends.Emphasizingtheimportanceofpersistenceandhardwork,forexample,willhelpachildavoidthelazinesstrap.Giftedchildrenalsoneedintellectualchallengestoteachthemhowtoworkhard.26.Accordingtothefirstparagraph,theauthorbelievesthat_.A.intelligentstudentsmayfailtodowellintheirschoolworkB.giftedstudentsaretoosmarttodowellintheirschoolworkC.intelligentstudentsareboundtosucceedintheirschoolworkD.giftedstudentsunderstandwhatcangowrongandhowtolearn27.Whentoomuchemphasisisplacedonstudentsintelligence,peoplearelikelytotakeitforgrantedthat_.A.smartstudentsmaynotdowellinthelowergradesB.intelligentstudentsknowhowtoavoidlazinesstrapC.cleverstudentsrequiremoreintelligencethanhardworkD.brightstudentsmaysucceedeveniftheydonotworkhard28.Itisobservedinthethirdparagraphthat_.A.highlygiftedstudentsshowagreatdesiretolearnB.highlygiftedstudentstendtofallillwithnoreasonC.highlyintelligentstudentsalsoneedencouragementD.highlyintelligentstudentsscorehigherthanaveragestudents29.Accordingtotheauthor,astudentsIQis_.A.oneofthefactorsofsuccessB.theonlyfactorforhissuccessC.directlyrelatedtopersistenceD.closelyassociatedwithcompetence30.Thispassageaimstotellpeopleabout_.A.theacademicperformanceofgiftedstudentsB.theproperattitudestowardgiftedstudentsC.thedifficultiesinrecognizinggiftedstudentsD.themotivationstudentsneedfortheirstudiesPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.MarsGlobalSurveyoristheoldestoffiveNASAroboticdevices,whichisdesignedtofindoutsignsthatMarsoncehadwaterandithadbeentakingdetailedpicturesoftheredplanetforadecade.Unfortunately,itstoppedworkingonNovember2afteritdevelopedamotorproblem.Aftertwodaysofsilence,groundcontrolteamsreceivedasignalthatthedevicehadputitselfintoanemergencystandbymode.Therewasnoinformationaboutwhathadgonewrong.Sincethen,themissionteamatNASAslaboratoryinCaliforniahastriedtocontactthedevice.Thisweek,NASAengineersarepreparingforwhatmaybetheirlastchancetorecoverthespacecraft.NASAplanstouseanewlyarriveddevicetotakeapictureoftheSurveyortoseehowthefailedcraftisorientedtothesunforpowerandtoEarthforcommunications.ItisreportedthatthepicturewillbetakenonFridaywhenthesatellitesareabout93milesapart.ThenewhighpoweredcamerashouldbeabletoimagedetailsoftheSurveyorassmallasabout10centimeters.Thereisagoodchanceofrecoveringit.FlightcontrollersalsoplantotrytogettheSurveyortocontactoneorbothofNASAsroving(漫游)geologystations,SpiritandOpportunity,whicharelocatedonoppositesideso.Marsequator(赤道).Theroverswouldnotbeabletotransmitthespacecraft5sciencedata,butengineersatleastwouldgetanideaofitsgeneralposition.ThelinkupalsocouldshowiftheSurveyorstillhaspower.Ifthedevicehasbeenunabletochargeitsbatteriesduetoapositioningproblemorfailedcomponent,itcouldrunoutofpowerwithnohopeofrecovering.Butifithaspower,thedeviceisquitecapableofautonomouscontrolevenifitdoesnthearfromEarth.TheSurveyorhasfarsurpasseditsdesignlifetime,butscientistsstillhavemoretargetsfortheprobescameraandscienceinstruments.31.ThemaintaskofMarsGlobalSurveyoris_.A.totakepicturesoftheredplanetB.toworkouttheproblemsofitsmotorC.tofindoutiftherewaswateronMarsD.tofindthecausesofthefailureinthedevice32.Thenewlyarriveddevice_.A.isequippedwithapowerfulcameraB.checksthesignsforwaterontheredplanetC.carriesnewcomponentsforthefaileddeviceD.examinesthesurveyorscommunicationsystem33.ThelastchanceforNASAsengineerstorecovertheSurveyormightbe_.A.tochargeitsbatteriesB.toadjustitspositionC.totestitscommunicationsystemD.tousethenewdevicetoimageit34.ThedecisivefactorfortherecoveryoftheSurveyoris_.A.itslifeB.itsorbitC.itspowerD.itsposition35.Thepassageismostprobablytakenfrom_.A.abookreviewB.anewsreportC.anadvertisementD.asciencefictiontaleIV.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.绝对的,完全的a.a37.即,也就是adv.n38.障碍,障碍物n.b39.候选人,应试者n.c40.衰落,谢绝vt.d41.忍受,容忍vt.e42.特征,相貌n.f43.金黄色的,金(制)的a.g44.和谐,融洽n.h45.估计,估价Vt.e46.干涉,干扰vi.i47.图书馆管理员n.l48.多数,大半n.m49.数字的,数值的a.n50.官方的a.o51.构架,框架n.f52.哲学n.p53.推荐,介绍Vt.r54.奖学金n.s55.热带的,炎热的a.tV.WordForm10、points,1pointeach将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。56.Criticsshouldbeasobjectiveaspossibleintheir_analyzeofliteraryworks.57.Herfatherleftherallhismoneywhenhedied,whichmadeherfinancially_dependent.58.TheUnitedStatesisacountry_advanceinscienceandtechnology.59.Itisnotabadmovie,butthereisnothing_originaboutit.60.Attheendoftheconference,allthe_participatewereaskedtofilloutaquestiolmaire.61.Whenapersonimmigratestoanothercountry,heshould_consciousadapthimselftothenewenvironment.62.Inmyopinion,theyshoulddosomethingtorewardtheirmost_produceemployees.63.The_monthsalaryforthepositionwillbenegotiableataround2,000.64.Ataskofthepostofficestaffisto_classmailaccordingtotheplacesitistogo.65.Thereisanincreasing_tendforwomentohavechildrenlaterinlife.VI.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointseach将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.这男孩尽管还很小,但已会说两种外语了。67.全家人都同意今年夏天去意大利度假。68.据说包裹和信件都还没有到达目的地。69.我们正在想方设法克服所面临的困难。70.这本书激发了那个孩子对绘画的兴趣。VII.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Professorsmayestablishsocialrelationshipswithstudentsoutsideoftheclassroom,butintheclassroomtheyplaytheroleofaninstructor.Aprofessormayhavecoffeewithstudentsonedaybutthenextdayhemayexpectthemtomeetadeadlineforapaperortobepreparedforadiscussionoranexam.Theprofessormaygiveextraattention,outsideofclass,toastudentinneedofhelp,butprobablywillnottreathimorherdifferentlywhenitcomestoevaluatingacademicwork.Professorshaveseveralrolesinrelationtostudentstheymaybecounselorsandfriendsaswellasteachers.Studentsmustrealizethatwhenateachersrolechanges,theyshouldchangetheirbehaviorandattitudeaccordingly.

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