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2011年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(六)及答案.doc.doc

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2011年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(六)及答案.doc.doc

更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........2011年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷六及答案一、VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Herespectfully______theinvitation.1分AdeclinedBrefusedCrejectedDabandoned2.Buttoomuchofthatlengthenedexperience,eveninthewealthyWest,willbeexperienceofpovertyandneglect,______wedosomethingaboutit.1分AwhenBunlessCbecauseDif3.______byguardswithguns,theyraisedtheirlegsinunisonandmadetheirwaytotheedgeofthehighway,Interstate65.1分AWatchingoverBWatchonCWatchedoverDBewatchedover4.Thetotalwaterareaisabout______thelandarea.1分AthreetimesaslargerasBasthreetimeslargeasCthreetimesaslargeasDaslargeasthreetimes5.Andtheycan______their______passports,makingleavingorescapingvirtuallyimpossible.1分Ahave...removeBhad...removeChave...removingDhave...removed6.Thereisagrowingbodyofevidencetosupportthefactthatmostpeoplesufferfromalackofdaydreaming______anexcessofit.1分AotherthanBratherthanCinplaceofDinstead更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........7.Inaddition,aseconddoctormustconfirmthatthesecriteriahasbeenmetandthedeathmust______tothepolicedepartment.1分AreportBbereportedCreportingDhavingreported8.Themainbreadwinnerinherfamily,she______workforaverylowwageatateafactory.1分AusedtoBwasusedtoCusestoDhasusedto9.You_____betoocarefulwhenyouuseaknifetocutthings.1分AshouldntBcantCwontDoughtnt10.Heis______ofdoinganyhardwork.1分AableBqualifiedCcapableDcompetent二、ClozeTest10points,1pointforeachitem下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Naturehasaperfectsystemforrecyclingwater.Waterisusedagainandagain.Itfallsasrain.Thenitgoesoneofthreeplaces.Itmightseepslowlythroughthesoil1itsoaksthroughintothenaturalreservoirsunderground.Itmightdisappearintotheairby2quickly.Itmightrunoffintostreamstoriversandtotheoceans.Thereisaproblem3thisrecyclingsystem.Itisabalancethatcanbeeasilyupsetbypeople.Naturesrecyclingsystemcanworkwell4peopleworkwiththesystemnotagainstit.Somewaysthatpeople5withnatureareeasytounderstand.Dirtysewagewaterfromhomesandfactoriesmustnot6withdrinkingwater.Peoplewouldgetsickfromdrinkingdirtywater.Thereareotherwaysthatpeoplehindernature.Someofthesewaysarenotsoeasytounderstand.7,amarshybogmaynotbegoodforeverything,butitservesanimportantpurpose.Thesoft,wetsoilofabog沼泽8watertoreachtheundergroundreservoirs.WhathappenstothebalanceofnatureifthebogisfilledinManyhousingdevelopmentprojectshavebeenbuiltwheremarshesoncewere.The9ofthehousesarelikelytohaveproblems.Theyarelikelytofillupwithwater,tofloodin10seasons.Hugestormsewersarebuilttocarryawaywiththewaterfromwetareas.Thesehugepipespreventwet更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........basementsinthehousesofthecommunity.10分1AbecauseBifCafterDas2AbecauseBifCafterDas3AevaporatingBbeingevaporatedChavingbeenevaporatedDbeingevaporating4AofBwithCthroughDfrom5AonlybeforeBunlessCalthoughDonlyif6AaccordBconcernCinterfereDinterfere7AseparateBcleanCmixDfilter8ATostartwith更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........BTonamejustafewCForexampleDIncontrast9AforbidsBdiscouragesCpreventsDallows10AbasisBbaseCbasicDbasements11AdryBsnowyCrainyDmisty三、ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Inthepasttwoyears,millionsofAmericanshavesuddenlytakenaninterestinthebicycleasifitwereastartlingnewinvention.Annualbikesalesdoubledbetween1960and1970,andtherearenearly70millionbikesintheUnitedStatestoday.Thatsmorethantwoforeverythreeautomobiles.Ofcourse,thebikehasbeenaroundformorethan150years,andthisistAmericasfirstbicycleboom(兴旺).Awaveofbikeenthusiasmsweptthelandinthelate1800sandbicycleproductionhittwomillionunitsin1897.Thenwiththecomingoftheauto,bicyclingdeclined,andfordecadesremainedpopularonlywithchildrenandafewadults.Now,nationalconcernwithairpollutionandphysicalfitnesshasbroughtthebikebacktotheforefrontparticularlywithadults.MorethaneightmillionbikesweresoldintheUnitedStateslastyearandathirdofthemwenttoadults.Theyearbefore,only15percentofnewbikesaleswereforadults.10分1IntheUnitedStates,thebicycleis_______.AbecomingpopularagainBcreatingtrafficproblemsCpopularchieflywithchildrenDreplacingthefamilycar2Accordingtothepassage,thereare_______.AmorebicyclesthanautomobilesintheUnitedStatesBmoreautomobilesthanbicyclesintheUnitedStates更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........CasmanybicyclesasautomobilesintheUnitedStatesDfewerautomobilesthanbicyclesintheUnitedStates3WecaninferfromthepassagethatAmericansare______AquicktofollowtheexampleofothersBinterestedincomfortandluxuryCconcernedwiththequalityoftheirlivesDeasytoacceptnewthings4WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueaccordingtothepassage_____.AMoreandmoreadultsarebeginningtoacceptbicycle.BThebicyclehasbeenexistingformorethan150years.CTheautomobileonceaffectedbicycleproduction.DAmericanshavefoundthebicycleabettermeansoftransportation.5Itcanbeconcludedthatifpeoplecontinuetoconcernthemselveswithairpollutionandphysicalfitness______.AstricterairstandardwillbeenforcedBfewerautomobileswillbesoldCAmericanswillenjoybetterhealthDbicyclesaleswillcontinuetorise2.Inourdayoftheautomobileandpavedhighwayfewpeopleeverencounterquicksand流沙.Yetquicksandisstillcommoninmanypartsofthecountry.Itmaybemoredangerousforbeinglessfamiliar.Quicksandisusuallyfoundalongtheshoresandinthebedsofrivers.Itissimplysandsaturated使饱和withwaterfrombeneath,asfromaspring.Thewaterflowingintothesandseparatesthegrains.Thesuspendedgrainsgiverathereasilyandaheavyobjectplacedonthesurfaceislikelytosink.Howfastitsinksdependsonitsweightandsurfacearea.HowdoesonedetectquicksandItcannotbedonebytheeyealone,sincesandwhichlooksfirmmaysuddenlycollapseandtrapanyonewhoventuresoutonit.Theonlywaytobesureistotestthesandbeforewalkingonit.Fortestaprobing探索poleorlongstickshouldbeused.Ifthepolesinksmorethansixinches,thesandisprobablyquicksand.Atravelerwhostumblesintoquicksandwillsoonsinktothedepthofhisknees.Ifhestandsstillorstruggleswildly,hewillsinkevenfurther.Heshouldatoncelieonhisbackandstretchouthisarms.Contrarytopopularnotion,quicksanddoesnotsuckobjectsdown,andwillsupportmoreweightthanwateralone.Whilethetrappedpersonfloatsonthesurfaceofthesand,rescuersshouldbuildaplatformwithboardsorbranches.Thentheycanpullhimoutslowly.Ifthetrappedpersonisalone,hecanrescuehimself.Whenheisinthefloatingposition,heshouldbeginrollingtowardsolidground.Rollingistheonlywayofgettingfree.Itshouldbedonewithfrequentrests,sothatthetrappedpersondoesnottirehimself.Whenhereachessolidground,heshouldswinghislegstosafety,andquickly更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........scrambleoutofthequicksand.10分1Themainideaofthispassageis_______.AthattodayfewpeopleeverencounterquicksandBthatquicksandisstillcommoninmanypartsofthecountryCthatquicksandcannotbedetectedbytheeyealoneDexpressedbynoneoftheabove2Accordingtothepassage,quicksandisusuallyfound_______.AonhillsidesBfarinlandCnearwaterDonprairies3Fordetectingquicksandtheauthorrecommends_______.AgoodeyesightBfastthinkingCtheuseofalongpoleDtestingthesurfacewithyourshoe4Ifyouarealoneandyoustumbleintoquicksand,youshould_______.AstruggleBstandstillCcallforhelpDlieonyourback5Toescapefromquicksandyoushouldbe_______.AcalmBexcitedCstrongDdaring3.Oneofthemostexcitingraceseverrunisnowinprogressbetweendoctorsfightingmalaria疟疾andmosquitoes.Accordingtothemostrecentcounts225millionpeopleayearsufferattacksofmalariaandmorethantwomilliondie.Publichealthworkersaroundtheworldaredoingalltheycantodestroymalariabeforethemosquitoesthatpassonthediseasebecomeresistanttothepoisonsnowusedagainstthem.Itsaraceagainsttimeandagainstdifficulties,withmillionsoflivesindangerandthechancesofwinningnotinmansfavour.Malaria,itistrue,hasbeenpracticallywipedoutinthirteencountries,includingtheUnitedStates,andisunderattackinmanyothers.Butitisequallytruethatinsomepartsoftheworldcertaintypesofmalariacarryingmosquitoeshavealreadylearnedtoresistsomeofthespraysthatformerlykilledthem.Othertypesofmosquitoesarenotkilledasquicklybypresentspraysastheyoncewere.TheWorldHealthOrganizationishelpingnationalgovernmentstogetridofmalariabefore更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........resistanceamongthemosquitopopulationbecomessogreatthatnewpoisonswillhavetobefoundtoreplacethoseinuseatpresent.Mostofthecountriesintheworldhavestarted,orareplanning,campaignsagainstmosquitoes.Iftheraceagainstresistanceiswonbyman,itispossiblethattenyearsfromnowthisoldevilwillhavedisappearedcompletelyfromtheAmerica,perhapsfromtheworld.10分1Malariahasbeensuccessfullygotridofin_______.AallcountriesBsomecountriesCnocountriesDmostcountries2Millionsofpeopleareindangerofgettingmalariabecause_______.AsomecountrieshavenotstartedacampaignagainstmosquitoesBnewspeciesofmosquitoesmaysurvivetodaysspraysCmalariawasoncethoughttobeaveryoldeviloftheworldDpresentspraysarenotaseffectiveaspeoplethink3WhydoestheWorldHealthOrganizationgivehelptonationalgovernmentstowipeoutmalariaATheauthordoesnotgiveanyreasoninthewholepassage.BLocalgovernmentsarenotskillfulenoughtokillmosquitoesCCurrentspraysarenotpowerfulenoughtokillmosquitoes.DNonewpoisonshavebeendevelopedtokillmosquitoessofar.4Thepresentcampaignsthatdoctorshavebegunare_______.AtosaveorrescuemorethantwomillionpeopleBtorevealthefightbetweendoctorsandmosquitoesCtosupporttheWHOseffectsindestroyingmosquitoesDtokillallmalariabearingmosquitoesbeforetheirresistancebecomestoogreat5WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTmentionedinthepassageAMalariaisunderattackinanumberofcountries.BSometypesofmosquitoeshavebecomeresistanttothecurrentsprays.CNewpoisonshavebeenputintowideusewiththenewscience.DOneofhumanschallengesistowinthecampaignsagainstmosquitoes.四、WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。1.混乱失调n.d0.5分2.雇员雇工n.e0.5分3.应用用具n.a0.5分更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........4.逻辑(学)逻辑性n.l0.5分5.绝对的压倒性的a.o0.5分6.生命的极为重要的a.v0.5分7.有利的有助的a.a0.5分8.司令部总部n.h0.5分9.趋势倾向n.t0.5分10.效率功效n.e0.5分11.职员店员n.c0.5分12.穿透的深刻的a.p0.5分13.改变改动v.a0.5分14.软管电子管地铁n.t0.5分15.民主的a.d0.5分16.赌博投机v.g0.5分17.剥削,开发v.e__________0.5分18.否定的,负面的a.n_______0.5分19.强烈的a..i_______0.5分20.爆炸v.e________0.5分五、WordForm10points,1pointforeachitem将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。1.Whenpresentwithacommoncase,salesmanagerstendtoseesalesproblems,productionmanagersseeproductionproblems,andsoon.1分更多优质自考资料尽在百度贴吧自考乐园俱乐部(http//tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389)欢迎❤加入...欢迎❤交流...止不住的惊喜等着你.........2.Iftheneutronstarisverylargemuchbiggerthanoursuntheprocessofshrinkingmaybesointensethatablackholeresult.1分3.Mostoftodaysrobotsalsoloadandunloadhot,heavymetalformsusedinmachinescastautomobileandtruckframes.1分4.Theprogrammehassincebeenboughtby20countriesandeachtimeitshow,itstartsanationwidedebateonthesubject.1分5.Manyawriterofnewspaperarticleshaveturnedtowritingnovels.1分6.Everyworkerhasahighlydevelopedsenseofhowmuchworkexpectofhim.1分7.Peopleinadvancedindustrialsocietiesareincreasinglyconcernwithopportunitiesforleisure.1分8.salarypeoplewhoearnmorethanafewthousanddollarsmustpayacertainpercentageoftheirsalaries.1分9.Theessentialproblemofmaninacomputerizeageremainsthesameasithasalwaysbeen.1分10.Im_convincealreadythatwhatyousaidisquiteright.1分六、TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointsforeachitem1.小党派或独立的侯选人可能会从大党的提名人那里拉走一些选票,但几乎没有可能战胜他们。3分2.孩子对宇宙的概念是凭他有限的经验和自己的想像而形成的。3分3.随着研究技术的日益先进,用于实验的动物的数量可能会减少。3分4.食物短缺并不像你报道的那么严重。3分5.我们提出了抗议,但没有效果。3分七、TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。1.Mostofus,whenwereachedourteens,startedlookingforwardtothedaywhenwewouldoccupyplacesofourown,farfromtheconfinesofourfamilies.Wesawthismovingawayasachancetostrikeoutonourown,togrow,tospreadoutwingsandexperiencefreedom.Atthesametime,weregardedthisindependenceastemporarythethingtodountilwefoundtheperfectmateandmarried.Overtheyears,manymillionsofpeoplehavemadethispassagefromonefamilytoanother,withjustabrief,oftennervousintervalofindependenceinbetween.Butrecently,moreandmorepeoplehavebeguntochallengetheconceptthatlivingtogetherisbetterthanlivingalone.Beingsingleis

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