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第二篇网络助学平台测试题汇编.doc.doc

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第二篇网络助学平台测试题汇编.doc.doc

Bmmnbnnnn,nnmnnknknknknknknk第二篇网络助学平台测试题汇编■阶段测验一一、单项选择题1.Sarahhopestobecomeafriendofsharesherinterests.A.anyoneB.whomeverC.whoeverD.nomatterwho2.CharlesSmith,wasmyformerteacher,retiredlastyear.A.whichB.whoC.matD.as3.Twothirdsofhispropertylostinthefire.A.wasB.wereC.areD.havebeen4.Lookatthisgroupofpeoplebeachvolleyball.A.playedB.isplayedC.playingD.isplaying5.Itrainedhardyesterday,preventedmefromgoingtothepark.A.thatB.whichC.asD.it6.Themeetingnestweekwillbeofgreatimportance.A.tobeheldB.heldC.holdingD.isheld7.Aftermonthsofvoyage,Columbusarrivedinlaterprovedtobeanewcontinent.A.whereC.whichB.whichD.that8.Hewouldhavegivenyoumorehelp,ifhesobusy.A.havenotbeenB.hadnotbeenC.nothavebeenD.nothadbeen9.ItisShakespeareTheatreyouaredoingtowatchtheplayTheMerchantofVeniceA.whereB.thatC.whichD.as10.Thenewdiscoverybeofgreatservicetomankind.A.isboundtoB.isboundforC.beboundtoD.beboundfor11.foryoulaziness,youcouldhavefinishedtheassignmentbynow.A.HaditnotbeenB.ItwerenotC.WerentitD.Hadnotitbeen12.AtanyrateIdidnotsucceedmyselfunderstoodbyyou.A.makingB.madeC.tomakeD.inmaking13.Weareallconcernedhersafety.A.aboutB.madeC.ofD.with14.Itmethreeyearstodrawthebeautifulhorses.A.tookB.paidC.spentD.cost15.Theboycomplainedapaininhisstomach.A.withB.forC.inD.of二、完形填空Lastevening1waswatchingtheeveningnewsontelevision.ThenewswasaboutaprizeforscientificdiscoveryIforgotwhatitwas.Theannouncer,lnamewasRalphstory,reportedsomethingthatcaughtmy2.Allgreatdiscoveries.hesaidaremadebypeoplebetweentheagesof20and30.3alittleover30myself1wantedtodisagreewithhim.Nobodywantstothinkthatheispasttheageofmakinganydiscovery.ThenestdayI4tobeinthepubliclibraryandspentseveralhourslookingupthe5offamouspeopleandtheirdiscoveries.Ralphwasright.FirstIlookedatsomeofthescientificdiscoveries.Oneoftheearliestdiscoveries,thefamousexperimentthatprovedthatbodiesofdifferentweightfall6thesamespeed,wasmadebyGalileowhenhewas26.MadameCuriestartedherresearchthatturnedtoaNobleprizewhenshewas28.Einsteinwas26whenhepublishedhisworldchangingTheoryofRelativity.Well,enoughofthat.YetI7ifthosebestyearsweretrueinotherfields.Thenhowaboutthefieldof8Surelyittakesthewisdomofagetomakeagoodleader.Perhapsitdoes,butlookwhenthesepeoplestartedtheircareers.WinstonChurchillwaselectedtotheHouseofCommonsattheageof26.AbrahamLincolnbeganthelifeofacountrylawyerandwaselectedtothegovernmentatwhatageTwentysix.ButwhydontbestyearscomeafterthirtyAfterthirty,I9,mostpeopledonotwanttotakerisksortrynewways.ThenIthoughtofpeoplelikeShakespeareandPicasso.Theformerwaswritingwonderfulworksattheripeageoffifty,10thelatterwasenjoyingtryingnewwaysofpaintingwhenhewasninetyPerhapsthereisstillhopeforme.1.A.withB.forC.inD.of2.A.mindB.noticeC.attentionD.thought3.A.AsB.BeingC.NotD.Beyond4.A.happenedB.wantedC.missedD.managed5.A.namesB.agesC.addressesD.education6.A.byB.atC.inD.with7.A.believedB.trustedC.wonderedD.society8.A.agricultureB.politicsC.industryD.society9.A.believeB.knowC.guessD.agree10.A.sinceB.becauseC.ifD.while三、阅读理解Fingersweremadebeforeforks.enapersongivesupgoodmanners,putsasideknifeandfork,anddivesintohisfood,someoneislikelytorepeatthatsaying.Theforkwasanancientagriculturaltool,Butforcenturiesonethoughtofeatingwithit.Notuntiltheeleventhcentury,whenayoung1adyfromConstantinoplebroughtherforktoItalydidthecustomreachEurope.BythefifteenthcenturytheuseoftheforkwaswidespreadinItaly.TheEnglishexplanationwasthatItalianswereopposedtoeatingfoodtouchedwithfingers,seeingallmensfingersarenotallalikeclean,EnglishtravelerskepttheirfriendslaughingwhiledescribingthisridiculousItaliancustom.AnyonewhousedaforktoeatwithwaslaughedatinEnglandforthenexthundredyears.Menwhousedforkswerethoughttobewomanish,andwomenwhousedforkswerethoughttobewomanish,Notuntilthelate1660sdidusingaforkbecomeacommoncustom.1.ThecustomofeatingwithaforkwasA.broughttoEuropefromAmerica.B.acceptedwhenforkswerefirstinvented.C.broughttoEuropefromConstantinopleD.thoughtofbytheItalians.2.Bythefifteenthcentury,forkswereusedA.alloverItaly.B.onlyinConstantinople.C.bythekingsandqueensofEurope.D.inEnglan.3.ToEnglishtravelersinItaly,theuseofforksseemedA.cleverB.necessaryC.goodmannersD.ridiculous4.TheEnglishthoughtthatItaliansusedforksinordertoA.imitatethepeopleoftheEastB.keeptheirfoodcleanC.impressvisitorswiththeirgoodmannersD.amusetheEnglish5.TheuseofforksbecamecommoninEnglandA.atthesametimeasinItaly.B.earlierthaninanyotherEuropeancountyC.about600yearsafterforkscametoEurope.D.earlierthaninConstantinople四单词拼写1.发起,倡导v.i2.媒介n.m3.憎恨n.h4.随便地ad.c5.运河n.c6混合,混合物n.m7.演出v.p8.命令,指挥v.c9.国籍,民族n.n10.非法的a.i五、词形转换1.Knowledgeisexperiencegeneral.2.Yourparentsgiveyouthehardwonmoney,soyoumustspenditinaneconomyway.六、汉译英1.对于动物研究是否与人体健康有关,人们持不同态度。2.许多有成就的人早在取得这些成就之前确实幻想过这些成就。七、英译汉Themindisthesourceofallhumanpotential.Theabilitytoreasonandtolearnfromexperienceiscalledintelligence.Inourculture,theabilitytoreasoninvolvesfiguringthingsout.Thisisessentialintheproblemsolvingsituationswithwhichpeopleinmodemsocietiesareconfronted.Indecisionmaking,intelligenceisshownintheabilitytogetandapplyinformationtosolveaproblem。Nomatterhowmuchyouareachievingnow,therearestillfleshanduntriedareasofyourmindtobeestimatedthroughreading,study,thought,conversation,andexplorationofyourenvironment.Schoolperformanceisthesinglemostimportantfactorindevelopingmentalabilityforcertaintasks.阶段测验二一、单项选择题1.Neverbeforesorapidlydevelopingasitistoday.A.hasourcountrybeenB.ourcountryhasbeenC.hasbeenourcountryD.ourcountryhasntbeen2.AlthoughTomissatisfiedwithhisacademicachievement,hewonderswillhappentohisfamilylifeA.itB.thatC.whatD.this3.Sincewehaveafocusedsubject,weshouldnottalk.A.atonceB.athandC.atintervalsD.atrandom4.,hehadnotimetorest.A.AshewastiredB.Ifhewastired.C.TiredashewasD.Nowthathewastired5.Iunderstoodfromherthatyouundertookotherimportantwork.A.aswellB.astooasC.asalsoasD.asgoodas6.Hefounddifficulttostudymaths.A.itB.thatC.asD.too7.Itrainedhardyesterday,preventedmefromgoingtothepark.A.thatB.whichC.asD.too8.isknowntoall,Chinawillbeanpowerfulcountryin20or30yearstime.A.ThatadvancingB.ThisadvancedC.AsadvancedD.Itadvancing9.Thistypeofdeskandchaircanbeadjustedtheheightofstudentsatdifferentages.A.withB.forC.toD.in10.Somepersonsgaingoalanddirectionfromtheirtensionsothersunderpressure.A.falloutB.fallapartC.fallbackonD.fallinwith11.HehispoorjudgmentJetLag.A.blamedforC.blamedonB.blamedtoD.blamedat12.Intheoriginaltest,a11theanimalsinatestgrouparegivenasubstancehalfofthemdie.A.unlessB.untilC.1estD.provided13.Weareinterestedintheweatherbecauseitussodirectlywhatwewear,whatwedoandevenhowwefeel.A.benefitsB.affectsC.guidesD.effects14.Hetalkedalotaboutthingsandpersonstheyrememberedintheschool.A.whichB.thatC.whomD.whatB.Wereitnot15.forthefreeticket,IwouldnothavegonetoseefilmSOoften.A.IfitisnotB.WereitnotC.HaditnotbeenD.Iftheywerenot二、完形填空Itiscommonlybelievedthatschooliswherepeoplegotogeteducation.1,ithasbeensaidthattodaychildreninterrupttheireducationtogotoschool.The2betweenschoolingandeducationsuggestedbythisisimportant.Educationis3,comparedwithschooling.Educationknowsnoedges.Itcantakeplace4,whetherintheshoweroronthejob,whetherinakitchenoronatractor.Itincludesboththe5learningthattakesplaceinschoolsandthewholeuniverseoflearningoutofclass.6theexperienceofschoolingcanbeknowsinadvance,educationquiteoftenproducessurprises.Achancetalkwitha7mayleadtoapersontodiscoverhow8heknowsofanothercountry.Peopleobtaineducationfrom9on.Education,then,isavery10andunlimitedterm.Itislifelongexperiencethatstartslongbeforethestartslongbeforethestartofschool,andonethatshouldbeanecessarypartofonesentirelife.1.A.ThenB.HoweverC.ThusD.Therefore2.A.difference.B.importantC.useD.problem3.A.unexpectedB.endlessC.countlessD.simple4.A.anywhereB.anywhereelseC.somewhereD.somewhereelse5.A.parttimeB.publicC.standard普通的D.strict6.A.ifB.BecauseC.SoD.Though7.A.neighbourB.friendC.foreignerD.teacher8.A.wonderfulB.wellC.greatlyD.little9.A.babiesB.grownupsC.womenD.men10.A.longB.broadC.narrow.D.short三.阅读理解MostAmericanswouldhaveadifficulttimetellingyou,specifically,whatthevaluesarewhichAmericansliveby.Theyhavenevergiventhematteranythought.OvertheyearsIhaveintroducedthousandsofinternationalvisitorstolifeintheUnitedStates.ThishascausedmetotrytolookatAmericansthroughtheeyesofforeignvisitors,IamconfidentthatthevalueslistedinthisbookletdescribemostbutnotallAmericans,andthatunderstandingthesevaluescanhelpyou,theinternationalvisitor,understandAmericans.Itismybeliefthatifforeignvisitorsreallyunderstandhowdeeplythese13valuesareingrainedinAmericans,theywillthenbeabletounderstand95%ofAmericanactionsactionswhichmightotherwiseappearstrange,confusing,orunbelievablewhenevaluatedfromtheperspectiveoftheforeignersownsocietyanditsvalues.Thedifferentbehaviorsofapeopleoraculturemakesenseonlywhenseenthroughthebasicbeliefs,assumptionsandvaluesofthatparticulargroup.Whenyouencounteranaction,orhearastatementintheUnitedStateswhichsurprisesyou,trytoseeitasa11expressionofoneormoreofthevalueslistedinthisbooklet.1.CananordinaryAmericantellyouhis/hervaluesystemA.Yes,becausethisissomethinganAmericanlivesby.B.No,becauseeveryonewillhavehis/herownsystem.C.No,becausehe/shehasneverthoughtaboutit.D.Yes,becausevaluesaresomethingoftenintheirthought.2.Theauthorlists13valuesinhisbookletto.A.inviteforeignerstovisitAmericaB.lookatAmericansthroughtheeyesofforeignvisitorsC.describetheconfusingactionsofmostAmericansD.helpinternationalvisitorsunderstandAmericans3.ThewordingrainedinLine2,Paragraph3mostprobablymeans.A.rootedinthemindsB.foundinthegrainsC.plantedforfoodD.preparedwithgrain4.VisitorssometimesfindAmericansbehaveinastrange,confusingorunbelievableway,probablybecause.A.AmericansarehardtounderstandB.AmericanshavevalueswhichareentirelydifferentfromtheirownC.theyviewAmericansaccordingtothevaluesintheirownsocietyD.itisdifficulttounderstandanypeoplewhenyoufirstencounterthem5.HowcanyouunderstandasurprisingbehaviororstatementofanAmericanwhenyouvisittheUnitedStatesA.Bylinkingittothebasicbeliefs.assumptionsandvaluesoftheAmericans.B.Bycomparingitwiththevaluesofyourselfandyourcountry.C.Byexpressingoneormoreofthevaluesinthisbooklet.D.Bylookingattheparticulargroupofpeooplewhobehaveorspeakthatway.四、单词拼写1.结论,推论n.c2.概念想法n.n3.同意,准予v.g_4.凸起的显著的a.s5.分别地ad.r6.技术n.t7.细软的,精美的a.d8.场合时机n.o9.创办确立v.e10.利润,收益n.P五、词形转换1.Hiscapableintheworkresultedinhisunemployment2.Toaworker,leisuremeanssimplythehoursheneedstorelaxandrestinordertoworkefficient六、汉译英1.如果不是交通堵塞,我们原会到得早些。2.为了你的健康,你不该承担这么繁重的责任。七、英译汉Ifyouencounteradifficultyinyourstudies,firsttrytosortthingsoutforyourself.Forexample,thinkabouttheproblem,lookatyourlecturenotesonthesubjectandatappropriatepartsoftextbooksandothersourcesofinformation.Askotherstudentstoseeiftheycanexplain.Takeopportunitiestoaskquestionsinclass,particularlyintutorials辅导班andpracticalclasses.Mostlecturersaskforquestionsinthelastminutesofalecture,andarepleasedtospeaktostudentsprivatelyimmediatelyafteraclasseithertodealwithanyminordifficultyquicklyortoarrangeanappointmentatamutuallyconvenienttime.Similarly,othermembersoftheacademicstaffarelikelytobeavailableforconsultationintheirofficeduringnormalworkinghours.Withexperienceyouwillfindwhenisthebesttimetocallor,ifnecessary,howtomakeanappointment.Youshouldbeabletoaskyouracademicadviserortutor,oranyothermemberoftheacademicstaffwhomyoufindhelpfulandsympathetic,forhelpwithanystudyproblem,orwithanypersonalproblemthatcouldstandinthewayofeffectivestudy.■阶段测验三一、单项选择题1.Inourdepartment,everystudentafterschoolactivities.A.goinforC.takepartB.goesinforD.takespart2.Theywrotealetterofthankstohadhelpedthem.A.whoB.whomC.whomeverD.whoever3.Thethieftookawaythewomanswalletwithout.A.beingseenC.himseeingB.seeingD.seeinghim4.Itisdifficulttounderstandthiskindofcalculation.A.intricateB.variedC.indispensableD.equable5.Theyextensiveandpossiblydangerousactualflighttraining.A.undertakeB.undergoC.underplayD.underuse6.foralongtime,mostofthecropsinthisareadiedfromlackingwater.A.BeingnorainB.TherewasnorainC.TobenorainD.Therebeingnorain7.Thenewlawsthreatentodeprivemanypeoplethemostelementaryfreedoms.A.fromB.forC.ofD.about8.You11betheretomorrowyouwontme,willyouA.1et..,ofB.1et..,outC.letdownD.letoff9.Shewasbeunabletospeak.湖南自考网http//www.zikao.hn.cn/A.suchangryastoB.soangryastoC.asangryastoD.angrysoasto10.Pleasewriteareporttheabovesubjectsaretobecovered.A.whichB.inwhichC.thatD.inthat11.Thevisitingministerexpressedhissatisfactionwiththetalks,thathehadenjoyedhisstayhere.A.havingaddedB.toaddC.addingD.added12.Itisobvioushowbadmovieswillimpactchildren.A.onB.toC.withD.in13.NeitherEnglishnorChinesedifficulttolearn.A.hasB.haveC.isD.are14.Peopleappreciatewithhimbecauseheisknowledgeableandhumorous.A.talkingB.talkedC.talkD.totalk15.Bythemiddleofthe21stcentury,thevastmajorityoftheworldspopulationwillbelivingincitiesinthecountryA.otherthanB.morethanC.betterthanD.ratherthan二、完形填空Peoplework,play,andshareideaswithoneanother.Tolivetogether,peoplemustunderstandoneanother.Therearemanywaysforpeople1othersknowwhattheythinkorwant.Therearemanywaysin2peoplecanfindoutwhatothersthinkorwant.Thewaysofknowingaboutothersorlettingothers3yourideasarecalledcommunication.4communicationisdonebylanguage.Someisspokenandsomeiswritten.Theremustbesomeonewholistenstoandunderstands5languagetohavecommunication.Someonemustreadandunderstandwrittenlanguagebeforethereiscommunication.Therearewaysofcommunicatingwithoutlanguage,too.Asmileisunderstoodeverywhere6islaughingorcrying.Pointingtosomethingdirects7totheobject.Evenaglancecanbeusedtocommunicate.Somemovementsofthe8havespecialmeanings.Forexample,wenodourheadstosayYesandshakethemtomean.No.湖南自考网http//www.zikao.hn.cn/Sometimespicturesareusedtoexplainathough10tellastory.Sometimesasimplesoundorevenacolorisusedtogiveinformation.Forexample,redisoftenadangersign.Mapsshowdirections.1.A.1etB.toletC.1ettingD.havinglet2.A.matB.whatC.whichD.how3.A.knowB.toknowC.whichD.how4.A.ManyB.FewC.AfewD.known5.A.spokenB.writtenC.foreignD.native6.A.asB.soC.thanD.it7.A.subjectB.movementC.attentionD.carelessness8.A.1anguageB.eyesC.bodyD.matter9.A.fromsidebysideB.forsideandsideC.fromsidetosideD.atbothsides10.A.ortoB.andforC.inorderD.tonot三、阅读理解Thebiggestsafetythreatfacingairlinestodaymaynotbeaterroristwithagun,butthemanwiththeportablecomputerinbusinessclass.Inthelast15years,pilotshavereportedwellover100incidentsthatcouldhavebeencausedbyelectromagneticinterference.Thesourceofthisinterferenceremainsunconfirmed,butincreasingly,expertsarepointingtheblameatportableelectronicdevicessuchasportablecomputers,radioandcassetteplayersandmobiletelephones.RTCA,anorganizationwhichadvisestheaviation航空industry,hasrecommendedthatallairlinesban禁止suchdevicesfrombeingusedduringcriticalstagesoflight,particularlytakeoffandlanding.Someexpertshavegonefurther,callingforatotalbanduringallflights.Currently,rulesonusingthesedevicesareleftupindividualairlines.Andalthoughsomeairlinesprohibitpassengersfromusingsuchequipmentduringtakeoffandlanding,mostarereluctanttoenforceatotalban,giventhatmanypassengerswanttoworkduringflights.Thedifficultyispredictinghowelectromagneticfieldsmightaffectanaircraftscomputers.Expertsknowthatportabledevicesemitradiationwhichaffectsthosewavelengthswhichaircraftusefornavigationandcommunication.But,because,theyhavenotbeenabletoreproducetheseeffectsinalaboratory,theyhavenowayofknowingwhethertheinterferencemightbedangerousornot.Thefactthataircraftmaybevulnerable易受损的tointerferenceraisestheriskthatterroristsmayuseradiosysteminordertodamagenavigationequipment.Asworrying,though,isthepassengerwhocantheartheinstructionstoturnoffhisradiobecausethemusicstooloud.1.Thepassageismainlyabout.A.anewregulationforallairlinesB.thedefectsofelectronicdevicesC.apossiblecauseofaircraftcrashesD.effectivesafetymeasuresforairnight2.Whatissaidabouttheover100aircraftincidentsinthepast15yearsA.Theymayhavebeencausedbythedamagetotheradiosystems.B.Theymayhavetakenplaceduringtakeoffandlanding.C.Theywereprovedtohavebeencausedbythepassengersportablecomputers.D.Theyweresuspectedtohaveresultedfromelectromagneticinterference.3.Fewairlineswanttoimposeatotalbanontheirpassengersusingelectronicdevicesbecause.A.theydontbelievethereissuchadangerasradiointerferenceB.theharmfuleffectofelectromagneticinterferenceisyettobeprovedC.mostpassengersrefusetotakeaplanewhichbanstheuseofradioandcassetteplayersD.theyhaveothereffectivesafetymeasurestofallbackon4.WhyisitdifficulttopredictthepossibleeffectsofelectromagneticfieldsonanairplanescomputersA.Becauseitisextremelydangeroustoconductsuchresearchonanairplane.B.Becauseitremainsamysterywhatwavelengthsareliabletobeinterferedwith.C.Becauseresearchscientistshavenotbeentoproducethesameeffectsinlabs.D.Becauseexpertslackadequateequipmenttodosuchresearch5.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethattheauthor.A.isinfavorofprohibitingpassengersuseofelectronicdevicescompletelyB.hasoverestimatedthedangerofelectromagneticinterferenceC.hasntformedhisownopiniononthisproblemD.regardsitasunreasonabletoexerciseatotalbanduringflight四、单词拼写1.显微镜n.m2.敏感的a.s3.评介估价v.e4.令人讨厌的a.b5.同事,同伴n.c6.选举v.e7.程度学位n.d8.翼,翅膀n.w9.保健n.h10.满意的a.s五、词形转换1.Whatdevelopedwasamusicreadilytakingonvariousformsandcapableofanalmost(limit)rangeofexpression.2.Withthestrikesettle,theworkonthenewassemblylinewentaheadlikewildfire.六、汉译英1.收缩的过程如此强烈,以至于形成了黑洞。2.已经采取了新措施来帮助保护家佣。七、英译汉Sincepleasureisthefirstgoodandnaturaltous,forthisveryreasonwedonotchooseeverypleasure,butsometimeswepassovermanypleasures,whengreaterdiscomfortaccruestousastheresultofthemandsimilarlywethinkmanypainsbetterthanpleasures,sinceagreaterpleasurecomestouswhenwehaveenduredpainsforalongtime.Everypleasurethenbecauseofitsnaturalkinshiptousisgood,yetnoteverypleasureistobechosenevenaseverypainalsoisanevil,yetnotallarealwaysofanaturetobeavoided.Yetbyascaleofcomparisonandbytheconsiderationofadvantagesanddisadvantageswemustformourjudgmentonallthesematters.Forthegoodoncertainoccasionswetreatasbad,andconverselythebadasgood.■模拟试题一、单项选择题1.Ihavenoideawhatsstandingaccomplishingourgoalsansobjectives.A.inthewayofB.onthewaytoC.bywayofD.inoneswayof2.weunderstandwhatJetLagis,wecangosomewaytoovercomingit.A.RatherthanB.AsthoughC.EversinceD.Nowthat3.Decisionmakersmusthavesomewayofdeterminingseveralalternativesisbest.A.whichB.whatC.ofwhichD.whichof4.Neverbeforesorapidlydevelopingasittoday.A.hasourcountrybeenB.ourcountryhasbeenC.hasbeenourcountryD.ourcountryhasntbeen5.Itcouldobscuremansawarenessoftheneedtocomewithhimself.A.intoplayB.totermsC.intoforceD.true6.Thedoctorsareabouttheguidelinesunderwhichtheycancarryouteuthanasia.A.atastretchB.atalossC.atrandomD.atlength7.thetwoclockswouldnormallysoundtheiralarmstogether,nowtheyringatdifferenttimes.A.ThereforeB.WhereasC.HoweverD.Whether8.Asapainter,Tedwasveryaboutthecolorsheused.A.specificB.specialC.peculiarD.particular9.Aswithanythingcarriedto,daydreamingcanbeharmful.A.excessB.excuseC.existenceD.exposure10.Thedangerisnotsomuchthatmanwillbecontrolledbythecomputerthatheimitateit.A.butB.exceptC.asD.ratherthan二、完形填空Americaisthelandofopportunitiesforwomen.1theyownabouteightyfivepercentofthewealthofthenation.Soontheywillhaveita11.Divorcehasbecomeaprofitableprocess,simpletoarrangeandeasytoforgetandambitiousfemalescanrepeatitasoftenastheypleaseandcollecttheirwinningstoastronomical2.Thehusbandsdeathalsobringssatisfactory3andsomeladiesprefertorely4thismethod.Theyknowthatthewaitingperiodwillnotbeundulyextended,5overworkandhypertensionareboundtogetthepoordevilbeforelong.SucceedinggenerationsofyouthfulAmericanmalesarenotfrightenedintheslightestbythisterrifyingpatternofdivorceand6.Thehigherthedivorcerateclimbs.7theybecome.Youngmenmarrylikemice,andalargeproportionofthemhaveatleasttwoex.wivesonthepayrolls8theyarethirtysixyearsold.Tosupporttheseladiesinthemanner9theyareaccustomed,themenmustwork1ikeslaves,whichisofcourseprecisely10theyare.1.A.AlmostB.AlreadyC.AltogetherD.Also2.A.studiesB.areasC.figuresD.analyses3.A.rewardsB.awardsC.grantsD.loans4.A.toB.inC.forD.upon5.A.forB.ifC.althoughD.unless6.A.marriageB.lifeC.deathD.quarreling7.A.moreeagerB.moreeagerlyC.themoreeagerD.themoreeagerly8.A.assoonasB.bythetimeC.themomentD.until9.A.atthatB.towhichC.inthatD.forwhich10.A.whoB.whomC.whatD.which三、阅读理解Scientistswhoworkonanimalbehaviorarealwaysatriskofbeingfooledbytheanimalstheyarestudyingor,worse,foolingthemselves.Whethertheirexperimentsinvolvedomesticatedlaboratoryanimalsorwildcreaturesinthefield,thereisnoendtothesurprisesthatananimalcanthinkupinthepresenceofaninvestigator.Sometimesitseemsasifanimalsarebiologicallyprogrammedtopuzzlehumanbeings,especiallypsychologists.Therisksareespeciallyhighwhenthescientistisengagedintrainingtheanimaltodosomethingorotherandmustbandhisprofessionalreputationontheintegrityofhisexperimentalsubject.ThemostfamouscaseinpointisthatofCleverHands,theturnofthecenturyGermanhorsenowrecordedinthelanguageofbehavioralsciencebythetechnicalterm,theCleverHansError.Thehorse,ownedandtrainedbyHerrvonOsten,couldnotonlysolvecomplexarithmeticalproblems,butevenreadtheinstructionsonablackboardandtapout,withonehoof蹄子,therightanswer.Whatismore,hecouldperformthesamecomputationswhentotalstrangersposedquestionstohim,withhistrainernowherenearby.ForseveralyearsCleverHanswasstudiedintensivelybygroupsofpuzzledscientistsandtakenseriouslyasahorsewithsomethingverylikeahumanbrain,quitepossiblyevenbetterthanhuman.Butfinallyin1911,itwasdiscoveredbyProfessorO.PfungstthatHanswasnotreallydoingarithmeticatallhewassimplyobservingthebehaviorofthehumanexperimenter.Subtle,unconsciousgesturesnodsofthehead,theholdingofbreath,thecessation停止ofnoddingwhenthecorrectcountwasreachedwereaccuratelyreadbythehorseascuestostoptapping.1.Thefirstsentenceimpliesthatthescientistswhostudyanimalbehaviors.A.arealwaysfooledbytheircolleaguesB.aremorelikelytomakemistakesC.havemorechancestosucceedD.1iveamoredangerouslife2.Itcanbelearnedfromthefirsttwoparagraphsthat.A.thestudyonanimalbehaviorbelongsexclusivelytothefieldofpsychologyB.animalsalwayssurpriseandpuzzlethescientistswhostudytheirbehaviorsC.theintelligenceofanimalsareprimarilydecidedbytheirgenesD.scientistswhostudyanimalbehaviorstendtohaveabadreputation3.ThewordbankinPare2canbereplacedby.A.pileB.depositC.buildD.defend4.WhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutCleverHansisNOTtrueA.CleverHansisaveryintelligenthorsethatcandocomplicatedcalculations.B.CleverHanshaspuzzledmanyscientistswhohavestudiedhimintensively.C.CleverHansisgoodatobservingthesubtlebehaviorsoftheexperimenters.D.CleverHansErrorhasbecomeatechnicalterminbehavioralscience5.TheauthormentionsthecaseofCleverHansforthepurposeof.A.introducinganewwayofteachingB.arguingforthenecessityofdoingexperimentsonanimalsC.illustratinghowscientistsarefooledbyanimalsD.provingthehighintelligenceofahorseThepopulationisgrowingmorequicklvinsomepartsoftheworldthanothers.ThecontinentswiththefastestgrowthratesareLatinAmerica2.9percentandAfrica2.6percent.Asiacomesthird2.1percentbutbecauseitspresentpopulationissolargeitistherethatbyfarthegreatestnumberofpeoplewillbeaddedbeforetheendofthecentury.Themainreasonisnotsomuchariseinbirthratesasafallindeathratesasaresultofimprovementsinpublichealthservicesandmedicalcare.Manymorebabiesnowsurviveinfancy,growupandbecomeparents,andmanymoreadultsarelivingintooldageSOthatpopulationsarebeingaddedtoatbothends.InEuropeandAmericathedeathratebegantofallduringtheIndustrialRevolution.InthedevelopingcountriesofAfrica.AsiaandLatinAmericathefallindeathratedidnotbegintillmuchlaterandthebirthratehasonlyrecentlybeguntofall.ThissuddenincreaseinthepopulationofthedevelopingcountrieshascomeatadifficuIttime.Eveniftheirpopulationhadnotgrownsofasttheywouldhavebeenfacingadesperatestruggletobringthestandardoflivingoftheirpeopleuptothepointatwhichtherewasenoughfood,housing,education.medicalcareandemploymentforeveryonetohaveareasonablelife.Thepoorcountriesarehavingtorunfasterandfasterintheireconomicactivelyinordertostayinthesameplace,andthegapinwealthbetweenrichandpoorcountriesgrowswidereveryyear.Statisticsshowthatrapidpopulationgrowthcreatesproblemsfordevelopingcountries.SowhydontpeoplehavefewerchildrenStatisticsfromthedevelopedcountriessuggestthatitisonlywhenpeopleslivingstandardsbegintorisethatbirthratesbegintofall.Therearegoodreasonsforthis.Poorcountriescannotaffordsocialservicesandoldagepensions,andpeoplesincomesaresolowtheyhavenothingtospareforsavings.Asaresult,peoplelooktotheirchildrentoprovidethemwithsecurityntheiroldage.Havingalargefamilycanbeaformofinsurance.Andevenwhiletheyarestillquiteyoung,childrencandoalotofusefuljobsonasmallfarm.Sopoorpeopleinadevelopingcountrywillneedtoseeclearsignsofmuchbetterconditionsaheadbeforetheywillthinkofhavingsmallerfamilies.Buttheirconditionscannotbeimprovedunlessthereisareductionintherateatwhichpopulationisincreasing.Thiswilldependonaverymuchwideracceptanceoffamilyplanningandthis,inturn,willmeanbasicchangesinattitudes.D.onlywhenthepeopleSlivingconditions1.WhichcontinenthasitsfastestgrowthrateofpopulationsA.AsiaB.AfricaC.LatinAmericaD.Noneoftheabove2.Asiawilladdtoitselfthegreatestnumberpopulationinthenextdecadebecauseithasthe.A.highestbirthrateB.lowestdeathrateC.fastestgrowthrateD.1argestpresentpopulation3.Inthesentencepopulationsarebeingaddedtoatbothendsparagraph2,thewordsbothendsrefertoboth.A.babiesandoldpeopleB.poorandrichpeopleC.developedanddevelopingcountriesD.birthrateanddeathrate4.Accordingtothestatisticsfromthedevelopedcountries,.A.thedeathrateinAmericabegantofallonlyaftertheIndustrialRevolutionB.birthrateswillnotfalluntilpeopleslivingstandardsbegintoriseC.thedevelopingcountriesarerunningfasterandfasterintheireconomicactivitydevelopedcountriesD.onlywhenthepeopleslivingconditionsbegintorisewilltheworldpopulationstopgrowing5.Itisnotdirectlystatedbutisimpliedthat.A.childrenofpoorfamiliesdoalotofusefuljobsontheirsmallfarmsB.richpeoplehavesmallerfamiliesC.richcountriesarehelpingpoorpeopleimprovetheirlivingconditionsD.thereisnowaytosolvethepopulationproblemSomepeoplearguethatthepressureoninternationalsportsmenandsportswomenkillstheessence真谛ofsportthepursuitofpersonalexcellence.Childrenkickafootballaroundforfun.Whentheygetolderandplayforlocalschoolteams,theybecomecompetitivebuttheystillenjoyplaying.Theindividualrepresentinghiscountrycannotaffordtothinkaboutenjoyinghimselfhehastothinkonlyaboutwinning.Heisresponsibleforentirenationshopes,dreamsandreputation.AgoodexampleistheFootballWordCup.Footballistheworldsmostimportantsport.WinningtheWorldCupisperhapsthesummitofinternationalsportingsuccess.MentionArgentina阿根廷tosomeoneandthechancesarethathe11thinkoffootball.Inasense,winningtheWorldCupputArgentinaonthemap.SportsfansandsupportersgetquiteunreasonableabouttheWorldCup.PeopleinEnglandfeltthattheircountrywassomehowimportantaftertheywonin1966.LastyearthousandsofScotssoldtheircars,andeventheirhouses,andspentalltheirmoneytravelingtoArgentina,wherethefinalswereplayed.So,amIarguingthatinternationalcompetitionkillstheideaofsportCertainlynotDotheArgentineanreallybelievethatbecauseelevenoftheirmenprovedthemostskillfulatfootball,theirnationisineverywaybetterthanallothersNotreally,Butitsnicetoknowthatyouwonandthatinonewayatleastyourcountryisthebest.1.WhatistheauthorsmainpurposeinthepassageA.Toexplaintheroleofsport.B.TocompareScotlandwithArgentina.C.ToshowthatArgentinaisbetterthanallD.ToprovethatfootballistheworldsmostImportantsport.2.Inthesecondparagraph,thewordsummitmeans.A.awardB.summaryC.highestpointD.mountaintop3.Accordingtothepassage,Argentinaisworld.famousbecauseofits.A.obviouspositiononthemapB.successesinthefootballWorldCupC.excellenceatmostimportantsportsD.1argenumberofsportsfansandsupporters4.Accordingtothepassage,ifasportsmanonlythinksaboutwinning,hewill.A.failtosucceedB.loseenjoymentC.besuccessfulD.beunreasonable5.WhatistheauthorsattitudetowardsinternationalgamesA.NationsthatmeetonafootballfieldareunlikelytomeetonabattlefieldB.NationsthatwinthefootballWorldCupareregardedasbestinallaspects.C.Nationsthatwinininternationalgamesprovethebestonthesportsfieldatleast.D.Nationsthatgivemuchattentiontointernationalcompetitionsareworldfamousinmanyways.四、单词拼写1.典型的a.t2.背景n.b3.警报n.a4.技术员n.t5.利益n.b6.助手n.a7.期待v.e8.传统n.t9.中等的a.m10.保证,担保v.g_11.基金储备n.f12.平静的和平的a.n.d13.圆盘磁盘n.d14.优点功绩n.m15.遥远的,偏僻的a.r16.组织n.o17.暴露v.e18.传记n.b19.新鲜的a.f20.绝对的a.a五、词形转换1.Thenearerasocietyapproximatetozeropopulationgrowth,theolderitspopulationislikelytobe2.Nowthebenefiteffectsofthesechangingattitudesandbehaviorsarebeginningtoappear.3.Theearthisoneofthenineplanetswhichrevolveroundthesun.4.Thereareseveralwaysinwhichwecanmakematerialmore(meaning.5.Expertsfoundinanexperimentthatimprovedselfcontrolandenhancedcreativethinkingabilityresultfromdaydreaming6.Chunkingconsistsofgroupseparatebitsofinformation,7.Supposeyouasktorememberthefollowinglistofwords。8.OnlybykeepingdowncostswillAmericamaintainitscompeteadvantageoverothercountries。9.WeinsteinSbody,withhandsandfeetbind,wasdiscoveredbyahiker.10.Therobotsusedinnuclearplantstohandletheradioactivematerialspreventhumanpersonnelfromexposetoradiation.六、汉译英1.有人认为用动物做实验根本没必要。2.他本可以取得比赛的胜利,但他太粗心了。3.有些劳动者抱怨说他们是拿工资的现代奴隶。4.人的身体需要花时间来适应外界的变化。5..不管发生什么,你们应该使自己适应新的环境。七、英译汉Tobesuccessfulinajobinterview,youshoulddemonstratecertainpersonalandprofessionalqualities.Youneedtocreateagoodimageinthelimitedtimeavailable,usuallyfrom30to45minutes.Furthermore,youmustmakeapositiveimpressionwhichtheinterviewerwillrememberwhileheinterviewsotherapplicants.Atalltimes,youshouldpresentyourmostattractivequalitiesduringtheinterview.Theappropriatedressingindicatesyoursoundjudgment.Yourmannerofspeakingsuggestsyourfriendlinessandcompetes.Yourcuriosityandinformationaboutthepositionyouareseekingdemonstrateyoursincerityandpotentialinthejob.Ifyoudisplaythesecharacteristics,withjustalittleluck,youwillcertainlysucceedintheinterview附录试题答案■阶段测验一一、单项选择题1.C2.B3.A4.C5.B6.A7.C8.B9.A10.A11.A12.D13.A14.A15.D二、完形填空1.B2.C3.B4.A5.B6.B7.C8.B9.C10.D三、阅读理解1.C2.A3.D4.B5.C四、单词拼写1.initiate2.Medium3.hatred4.casually5.canal6.mixture7.perform8.command9.nationality10.illegal五、词形转换1.generalized2.Economical六、汉译英1.Peoplehavedifferentviewsontheproblemifanimalresearchisrelevanttohumanshealth.2.Manysuccessfulpeopleactuallydaydreamedtheirachievementslongbeforetheyrealizedthem.七、英译汉大脑是人类一切潜力之源。根据经验去推理和学习的能力称为智力。在人类文化中,推理能力涉及对事物的想象。想象力对解决现代社会人们面临的种种问题至关重要。在决策时,智力表现为解决问题而获取和应用信息的能力。无论你现在已取得很大的成绩,在你头脑里仍有新的未经开发的部分,要靠阅读、学习、思考、会话以及对环境的探索来激活。学校教育在培养完成任务所需要的心智方面发挥非常重要的作用。■阶段测验二一、单选题1.A2.C3.D4.C5.A6.A7.B8.C9.C10.B11.C12.B13.B14.B15.C二、完形填空1.B2.A3.B4.A5.C6.D7.C8.D9.A10.B三、阅读理解1.C2.D3.A4.C5.A四、单词拼写1.conclusion2.notion3.grant4.salient5.respectively6.technique7.delicate8.occasion9.establish10.profit五、词形转换1.incapability2.efficiently六、汉译英1.Butforthetrafficjam,wecouldhavearrivedearlier.2.Foryourhealthyoushouldnothavetakenonsuchheavyresponsibilities.七、英译汉如果你在学习中遇到困难,首先要设法自己解决。例如,思考该问题,翻阅该课程的听课笔记,查看教科书的有关章节,或查找其它信息资料。也可以问问别的同学看他们能否解答。还可以利用课堂上的机会,特别是辅导课和习题课的机会提出问题。多数讲课老师在讲课结束前留几分钟让大家提问题。刚下课时也乐意和学生单独聊聊,以便很快地解决一些不难解答的问题,或者预约一个双方合适的时间答疑。同样,也可在上班时间去办公室找别的老师辅导。随着经验的积累,你就知道什么时间拜访合适,或者需要辅导时怎样和老师预约见面的时间。遇到学习上的问题或影响有效学习的其它个人问题时,你应当寻求指导老师、辅导老师或者其他善解人意、乐于助人的老师的帮助。■阶段测验三一、单项选择题1.B2.D3.A4.A5.B6.D7.C8.C9.B10.B11.C12.A13.C14.A15.D二、完形填空1.B2.C3.A4.D5.A6.B7.C8.C9.C10.A三、阅读理解1.C2.D3.B4.C5.A四、单词拼写1.microscope2.sensitive3.evaluate4.boring5.colleague6.elect7.degree8.wing9.healthcare10.satisfied五、词形转换1.1imitless2.Settled六、汉译英1.Theprocessofshrinkingmaybesointensethatablackholeresults.2.Newmeasureswereintroducedtohelpdomesticworkers.七、英译汉我们追求的快乐是至善且自然的,正因为如此,我们并不选择每一种快乐,而是偶尔放弃多种快乐,因为这些快乐会带来更大的不安同样,我们认为许多痛苦优于快乐,因为当我们长期忍受痛苦之后,更大的快乐便随之而来。就我们与自然之联系而言,每一种快乐都是善的,然而并非每一种快乐都是可取的同理,虽然每一种痛苦都是使人不舒服的,但并非每一种痛苦从本质上都应当加以躲避。不过,我们必须依据某种鉴别的尺度,通过权衡利弊来形成对一切事物的判断。因此我们有时将好事视为坏事,反之则将坏事视为好事。■模拟试题一、单项选择题1.A2.D3.D4.A5.B6.B7.B8.D9.A10.C二、完形填空1.B2.C3.A4.D5.A6.C7.C8.B9.B10.C三、阅读理解1.B2.B3.C4.A5.C1.C2.D3.A4.B5.B1.A2.C3.B4.B5.C四、单词拼写1.typical2.background3.Alarm4.technician5.benefit6.assistant7.expect8.tradition9.moderate10.guarantee11.fund12.Peaceful13.disk/disc14.merit15.remote16.organization17.expose18.Biography19.fresh20.absolute五、词形转换1.approximates2.beneficial3.revolve4.meaningful5.resulted6.grouping7.areasked8.competitive9.bound10.beingexposed六、汉译英1.Therearethosewhothinkthetestonanimalsissimplyunnecessary.2.Hecouldhavewonthecompetition,buthewastoocareless.3.Somelaborerscomplainthattheyaremodemwageslaves.4.Ittakestimeforhumanbodiestoadapttothechangesintheoutsideworld.5.Youshouldadaptyourselvestothenewenvironment,nomatterwhathappens.七、英译汉你若在求职面试中获得成功,就应该展示某些个人素质和专业素质。你必须在有限的时间内,通常是30到45分钟,树立起一个良好的形象。除此之外,你必须给面试官留下一个好的、较深刻的印象,使他在面试其他求职者时还能记住你。面试时你应该从头到尾逐个展示你最具魅力的个人特征。得体的穿着表明你有良好的判断力。你的谈吐说明你的友好态度和能力。对所求之职的好奇心和有关信息展示了你的诚恳和工作潜力。如果你展示这些特点,再加上小小的运气,你在求职中定会成功。

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