会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

   首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

关于主谓语一致问题.doc.doc

  • 资源星级:
  • 资源大小:180.00KB   全文页数:23页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:注册会员/VIP会员
您还没有登陆,请先登录。登陆后即可下载此文档。
  合作网站登录: 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录   QQ登录   微博登录
友情提示
2:本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3:本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

关于主谓语一致问题.doc.doc

1关于主谓语一致问题谓语受主语支配,须和主语在人称上保持一致,这就叫做主谓语一致。语法上一致,意义上一致和就近一致是主谓语一致问题的三原则。一、主语是复数,谓语动词用单数1.国名、人名、书名和组织机构等专用名词作主语,形式上是复数谓语动词用单数TheUnitedStatesofAmericaisoneofthemostdevelopedcountriesintheworld.TheUnitedNationswasfoundedin1945.Hisselectedpoemswasfirstpublishedin1965.Athens雅典isacity.thecapitalofGreece2.表示时间、金钱、距离和重量的复数名词作主语时,通常被看作是整体,谓语动词用单数。Twohoursisnotlongenoughforthistest.TwoUSdollarsisagoodenoughpriceforthisbook.Sixmilesisquiteadistance.若侧重一个一个的个体,则谓语动词用复数。Twentyyearshavepassedsincehewassenttoprison.3.凡以ics结尾表示科学名称的名词作主语,谓语动词用单数。Politicsisnnowtaughtinallschools.Physicswashermajor.专修棵4.oneandahalf复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用复数。OneandahalfdaysareallIcanspare.5.有些用来表示有两个相同部分连成一体的名词作主语,谓语动词通常用复数。如glasses,trousers,compasses,scissors,spectacles,shoes,clothes,chopsticks等。Thescissorsaresharp.Thetrousersareshortforme.但如果用akindof,apairof,aseriesof谓语动词的单复数有单位名词的单复数决定。Thereisapairofcompassesonthetable.Therearetwopairsofcompassesonthetable.二、主语是单数谓语动词用复数1.有些集体名词形式为单数,但意义为复数。如cattle,police,people,militia2等。Thecattlearegrazing.Trafficpolicearealwaysverybusy.Allthepeopleoftheworlddesirepeace.但people用作民族时,谓语动词用单数。TheChineseisagreatpeople.2有些以sh,ese,ch结尾的表示国家,民族的形容词与the连用时,表示复数含义,谓语动词用复数。TheEnglishliketobewiththeirfamilyatChristmas.TheChinesearekindandfriendly.当上述形容词用于语言时,谓语动词用单数。Frenchisspokeninmanycountries.3.某些形容词前加the表示一类人,其意义为复数。如thepoor,therich,theold,theyoung,thesick,thedead,thebrave,thedeafanddumb,theoppressed,theinjured,thewounded,theunemployed等。Theoldaretakengoodcareof.Therichgetricherandthepoorgetpoorerinmanycountries.三、主语是复数,谓语动词依情况而定1.有些集体名词作主语时,若作为一个整体看待,谓语动词用单数若表示全体成员时,谓语动词用复数。如family,class,group,team,enemy,audience,club,committee,company等。HisfamilyhasboughtacolourTVset.ThefamilywerewatchingTVwhenherunclecamein.TheclassisinthechargeofMrLi.TheclassaretakingnotesinEnglish.2.一些表示部分概念或不定数量的名词作主语,形式为单数,但谓语动词的单复数应根据of后的名词的单复数而定。如half,most,therest,some,part等。Halfofthemoneyisyours.Halfofthechildrenaregirls.Mostofthemilkissour酸.Mostoftheorangesaresour.Twentyofofthemaregirls.Therestareboys.Therestneedsnotelling.3.分数或百分数作主语以及由alotof,lotsof,plentyof,等作主语时,谓语动词的数和of后的名词的数一致。Lotsoffoodisgoingtobewasted.Lotsofpeoplearewaitingforyou.3Ninetypercentoftheworkhasbeendone.Abouttwentypercentofthestudentsinourclassaregirls.ThepopulationofChinaisverylargeandeightypercentofthepopulationinChinaarefarmers.4.不定代词any,either,neither,none,all,some,more等作主语时,谓语动词的数要根据上下文或具体场合而定。Allthatcanbedonehasbeendone.Allarehere.人Noneofthemhashaveseenthefilm.5.疑问代词what,which和who的数,按说话人的意图而定。WholivesnextdoorItisTom.WholivenextdoorItisTomandJohn.WhichisareyourbooksWhatproducesheat6.主语从句,不定式(短语),动名词(短语)作主语,谓语动词用单数。Whethershewillcomeornotisstillaquestion.Whowillgoisnotimportant.Whichteamwillwinthematchisstillunknown.Whentheywillstarthasnotbeendecidedyet.Whereshehasgoneisnotknownyet.Howhebecameagreatscientistisknowntoall.Whyhediditwasntquiteclear.Climbingmountainsisagoodformofexercise.ToreadEnglishaloudeverymorningisnecessary.Itsnousepretendingtoknowwhatyoudontknow.ItsveryimportanttolearnEnglishwell.7.连接代词what引导的从句作主语时,谓语动词的数要根据从句的内容或后面的表语而定。从句的内容是两个或表语是复数时,谓语动词用复数。Whatweneedismoretime.Whathesaysanddoesdonotagree.Whatdisappointedusmostwashisrefusal.Whatthechildrenwantarestorybooks.Whatweneedaredoctors.8.关系代词which,that,who的单复数由先行词的单复数决定。Thosewhowanttogopleasesignyournames.Someoftheenergythatisusedbymancomesfromthesun.Peteroftentakeshisauntinacarwhichhasbeengiventohimasapresent.Henryisdoingexperimentswhichareimportanttohisstudies.49.oneofthe复数名词后的定语从句谓语动词的单复数,要根据one前面是否有the,有the用单数,无the用复数。SheisoneofthegirlswhohavebeentotheGreatWall.SheistheonlyoneofthegirlswhohasbeentothegreatWall.Thisisoneofthemostinterestingquestionsthathavebeenasked.ThistheoneofthebooksonthesubjectsthathaseverbeenwritteninChinese.四、主语并列,谓语动词有下列情况1.用and连接的两个名词作主语,谓语动词通常用复数。TomandIaregoodfriends.Thepenandthepencilarenew.Huntingandfishingareverygoodformofexercise.2.and连接的两个名词作主语时,如果指同一人,同一物或同一概念时,谓语动词用单数。Theeditorandpublisherofthismagazineisaveryableman.Thedoctorandteacherisgoingtogiveusareport.Thehammerandsicklewasflyingfromthetallflagpole.Wheretofindhimandhowtofindhimisnotknowntous.Earlytobedandearlytorisemakesamanhealthy,wealthyandwise.Allworkandnoplaymakesjackadullboy.Happinessandsuccessdependsonourselves.但Fireandwaterdonotagree.3.and连接的连接的两个名词前有every,each,no时,谓语动词用单数。Everydeskandeverychairismadeofwood.Eachboyandgirlinthenurseryhasgotatoy.Nopencilandpencilknifeisinthepencilbox.4.and连接的两个名词修饰语单数名词作主语时,这类结构表示复数概念,谓语动词用复数。ThethirdandthelastchapterarewrittenbyprofessorWang.第三章和最后一章是王教授写的。(共两章)但是ThethirdandlastchapteriswrittenbyprofessorWang.第三章即最后一章是王教授写的。(共一章)5.由or,either...or,nor,neither...nor,notonly...butalso连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词就近一致.Heoryouhavetakenmypen.Eitheryouorheiswrong.5NotonlymybrotherbutalsoIamgoingthere.Neitherhenorhisparentsareathome.五其他情况1.asmuchas,aswellas,nomorethan,nolessthan,ratherthan,but,with,alongwith,togetherwith,like,besides,except,inadditionto和of名词等,连接两个并列主语时,动词的单复数和第一个主语保持一致.Maryaswellasherclassmateshaslearnedtodriveatractor.TheteachertogetherwithhisstudentsisgoingtovisittheGreatWallIratherthanheamtoblame.NooneexceptXiaoWangandXiaoLihasbeentoBeijing.He,likeyouandme,likestoplayfootball.MyclassmatesasmuchasIaregladtohearthat.Thenumberofthestudentsofourclassis50.He,nolessthanyou,isworthyofbeingpraised.Hisbrother,nomorethanJim,aretobeansweredforit.2.morethanone单数名词和manya单数名词作主语时,尽管意义上为复数,但中心词为单数,谓语动词用单数.Thereismorethanoneanswertoyourquestion.Manyastudenthaspassedtheexam.但more复数名词thanone谓语动词用复数.Moremembersthanoneareagainstyourplan.3.oneortwo后接复数名词时,谓语动词用复数,意思是afewthings.ThereareoneortwothingsIwanttotalkoverwithyou.Oneortwodayisquiteenoughtofinishthework.4.awordortwo作主语时,谓语动词用单复数均可.Awordortwoisareneededhere.5.a单数名词andahalf和oneandahalf复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数.Anappleandahalfisleftontheplate.Oneandahalfapplesisleftontheplate.6.由each修饰的名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数each位于复数主语之后或句末不影响谓语动词的数.achstudenthasgotanEnglishChinesedictionary.Thestudentseachhavegotadictionary.Thestudentshavegotadictionaryeach.67.everyone,everybody,noone,nobody,nothing尽管在意以上为复数但在语法上被看作是单数,谓语动词用单数.Everybodyishere.IsanybodyathomeNothingistheworldisdifficultfortheonewhosetshismindtoit.世上无难事,只怕用心人.8.anumberof复数名词作主语时,anumberof以为many,谓语动词用复数thenumber单数名词或复数名词作主语时,number意为数字或编号,谓语动词用单数.numberofpeopletherearewaitingforyou.Thenumberofpeoplethereis500.Agreatnumberofstudentslikedrawing.Thenumberofourbedroomis305.9.largequantitiesof不可数名词或可数名词复数作主语时,谓语动词用复数,即和quantities保持一致aquantityof不可数名词或可数名词复数作主语时,谓语动词用单数,即和quantity保持一致.Quantitiesoffoodnutswereonthetable.Largequantitiesofwaterareneededforcoolingpurpose.冷却需要大量的水.Thereisalargequantityofflowersinourschoolgarden.10.agreatdealof不可数名词和alargeamountof不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数largeamountsof不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用复数.AlargeamountsofAgreatdealofdamagewasdoneinveryshorttime.Largeamountsofmoneywerespentonthebridge.11.themajorityof复数名词作主语时,谓语动词用复数themajority单独使用时,谓语动词用单复数均可.Themajorityofboyslikefootball.Themajoritywerewasinfavouroftheproposal.提案Ex.1.NobodybutJane_____thesecret.A.knowB.kownsC.haveknownD.isknown2.Allbutone_____herejustnow.A.isB.wasC.hasbeenD.were3.NotonlyIbutalsoJaneandMary_____tiredofhavingoneexamination7afteranother.A.isB.areC.amD.be并列结构的主谓一致问题1.就近型由or,eitheror,neitheror,notbut,notonlybutalso等连接的并列成分作主语时,其谓语通常要与靠近的主语保持一致。如Neitheryounorheistired.你和他都没累。NotyoubutIamtoblame.不是你的错而是我的错。Eithermyfatherormybrothersarecoming.不是我父亲就是我兄弟要来。2.就远型由aswellas,asmuchas,ratherthan,morethan,nolessthan等连接的并列成分作主语,其谓语通常与前面一个主语保持一致。如Theson,aswellashisparents,wantstogothere.不但儿子想去那儿,而且他的父母也想去。3.复数型由and和both...and连接的并列成分作主语,其谓语总是用复数。如BothNewYorkandLondonhavetrafficproblems.纽约和伦敦都存在交通问题。注当由and连接的两个并列主语受each,every,no的修饰时,其谓语用单数。另外,当and连接的两个的词语指同一个人或事物时,其谓语也要用单数。如Everymanandwomanwantstojoinit.每个男女都想加入它。Ateacherandpoetvisitedourschooltheotherday.早几天一位教师诗人参观了我们学校。therestof等作主语,谓语的数取决于什么请看下面两道题a.Therestoftheboys__________watchingTV.b.Therestofthemoney__________stolen.A.were,wereB.was,wereC.were,wasD.was,was此题应选C。all,most,some,half,percent,therest等词语后接介词of再接名词用作主语时,若该名词为可数名词的复数形式,则其谓语要用复数形式若该名词为不可数名词或可数名词的单数形式,则其谓语要用单数形式www.yygrammar.com1.a.Mostoftheapplesarebad.这些苹果当中大部分是坏的。8b.Mostoftheappleisbad.这个苹果坏了一大部分。c.Mostofthetimewasspentonit.这上面花了大部分时间。2.a.Halfofthebuildingsweredestroyedinthefire.有一半的楼房在大火中被毁。b.Halfofthebuildingwasdestroyedinthefire.这座大楼在大火中有一半被毁。c.Halfofthemoneywasspentonfood.有一半的钱用来买食物。3.a.30percentoftheworkersherearewomen.这里的工人有30是女性。b.30percentoftheworkhasbeendone.有30的工作已完成。c.30percentofthewallhasbeenpainted.墙壁有30已被刷漆。谓语应该跟主语一致还是跟表语一致有这样一道题WeChinese__________ahardworkingpeople.A.isB.areC.isbeingD.arebeing此题应选B。这里考生要注意的是我们通常说的是主谓一致即谓语与主语保持一致,而不是表谓一致即不是谓语与表语一致,本题意为我们中国人是一个勤劳的民族。注意以下类似例子www.yygrammar.comThesetwodictionariesareapresentformybestfriendJim.这两本词典是我送给我最好朋友吉姆的礼物。Theplanetsweretheobjectofhisstudy.这些行星是他研究的目标。ThemostimportantthingIneedisbooks.我需要的最重要的东西是书。Thecountrysleadingexportiswatches.这个国家的主输出品是手表。Thebestpartofthemealisthecoffeeandcookies.这餐饭最好的部分是咖啡和饼干。但是有些主语由于本身具有单数和复数两种可能,它的谓语到底用单数还是复数,要看具体的语境多数情况是看其后面词语的单复数1.a.Whoisyourbrother谁是你的兄弟b.Whoareyourbrothers哪些是你的兄弟2.a.Whathesaidisquitecorrect.他所说的完全正确。b.Whatheleftmeareonlyafewoldbooks.他给我留下的只是几本旧书。means作主语时谓语动词用单数还是复数9means表单数意义还是复数意义用作主语时,谓语动词用单数还是复数如Allpossiblemeans__________beentired.Everypossiblemeans__________beentired.A.have,haveB.has,hasC.have,hasD.has,have此题应选C。名词means方法的单复数同形,用作主语时,其谓语的单复数要视具体含义而定1.如果means与all,such,these,those等词连用,则其含义应该是复数Thesemeansareverygood.这些方法很好。Suchmeanssoundinteresting,butinfacttheyreimpossible.那样的方法听起来有趣,但实际上是不可能的。2.如果means与a,sucha,this,that,every等词连用,则其含义应该是单数Suchameansisreallyunpleasant.这样的方法确实是令人不愉快。Thereisaneffectivemeansofdoingit.做此事有一种很有效的方法。3.有时从句意和上下文无法确定means到底是单数还是复数,则其谓语用单数或复数均可以做这事还有其他的什么办法吗正Arethereanyothermeansofdoingit正Isthereanyothermeansofdoingit没有好的方法。正Thereisnogoodmeans.正Therearenogoodmeans.morethanone作主语谓语动词用单数还是复数请看两个句子Morethanoneboy__________readthestory.Moreboysthanone__________readthestory.A.have,haveB.has,hasC.have,hasD.has,have此题应选D。该题很容易误选A,认为既然morethanone意为不只一个=多个,那么其谓语就应该用复数。其实morethanone用作主语时,谓语通常要用单数要从形式一致来考虑。morethanone用作主语时,要注意以下两个结构◎morethanone单数名词用作主语,其谓语通常用单数即从形式考虑◎more复数名词thanone用作主语,其谓语通常要用复数也就是说,以上结构中名词的数决定其后动词的数。

注意事项

本文(关于主谓语一致问题.doc.doc)为本站会员()主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网([email protected]),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5