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汉译英二.doc.doc

第1页共18页Unit1TextAWhatIsaDecisionExercisesforthetext1.Decisionmakersshouldbeabletomakethebestguessatwhatthefuturewillbe.2.Somepeoplethinkthateverythingmanagersdoinvolvesdecisionmaking.3.Iftherearenocorrectalternatives,therearenocorrectdecisionstobemade.4.Sincedifferentpeoplehavedifferentideasaboutthesameproblem,thesolutionsaredifferenteither.5.Decisionmakersusuallyholdthekeytothebusinessdevelopmentofthecompany.Decisionmakersareoftenthekeyofthecompanysdevelopment.Decisionmakerstendtobethekeytothedevelopmentofcompanysbusiness.VocabularyExercises1.Hisfriendaccompaniedhimtoaconcert.2.Hehasarguedheroutofherdecision.3.Hissuccesswasdueinparttoluck.4.Accordingtohissuggestion,theformalitieshavebeenmuchsimplified.5.Thebroadcastingstationpredictsthatitwillturncoldtomorrow.TextBSecretsofSuccessatanInterviewGrammarExercisesTranslatethefollowingsentencesintoEnglish,usinganasineachsentence.1.Ihavethesameopinionashedoes.2.Asweretheotherpassengers,hewasill.3.Asreported,themanwasknockeddownbyacar.4.Hewasnotsuchafoolastofailtoseethatpoint.5.HeisnotashealthyasJohn6.SpellthewordasitisspelledinAmericanEnglish.7.AsIwasspeaking,Isawadoglyingonthegrass.8.Hardasheworked,hecouldnotlearnmathwell.9.Asisthefather,asistheson.Unit1TextAWhatIsaDecisionExercisesforthetext1.决策者应该能够对未来作出最好的推测。2.有人认为经理们所做的一切均与决策有关。3.没有正确的选择就没有正确的决策。4.不同的人对同样的问题有不同的看法,所以解决的办法也不同。5.决策者往往是公司发展的关键。1.他由朋友陪同去听音乐会。accompany2.他已说服她改变决定。argueoutof3.在某种程度上,他的成功是由于幸运。4.按照他的建议,手续已经大大简化。5.电台预告明天天气会变冷。TextBSecretsofSuccessataninterviewGrammarExercisesTranslatethefollowingsentencesintoEnglish,usinganasineachsentence.1.我和他的观点一样。2.和其他乘客一样,他也病了。3.据报道,那个人被一辆汽车撞倒。4.他并不是连那一点都看不出来的傻瓜。5.他不如约翰身体好。6.按美国英语的拼法来拼写这个单词。7.我讲话时看到一条狗躺在草地上。8.尽管很努力,他还是没有把数学学好。9.有什么样的父亲,就有什么样的儿子。第2页共18页10.HeworksasanEnglishteacherinahighschool.单元同步练习1.Employersexpectthejobapplicantstobepleasantinpersonalityandhardwording.2.Ifyouhadtoldmeinadvance,Iwouldhavemetyouattheairportyesterday.3.AsIwassaying/AsIsaidjustnow,thehostesswasfriendlytous.4.Butthetendencytosimplifyblindsthemtootheralternatives.5.Althoughmanagerscannotpredictthefuture,manyoftheirdecisionsrequirethattheyconsidertakeintoaccountpossiblefutureevents.6.Peopleholddifferentopinionsonhowtoachievethisgoal.7.Thelibrarianaskedthestudentstoreplacethemagazinesafterreadingthem.Unit2TextABlackHolesExercisesfortheText1.Astronomershavenotyetansweredthequestionofwhatblackholesare.2.Itissaidthatablackholecanswallowupeverythingarounditsuchasstars.3.Thestudyoftheblackholeisjustbeginning,speculationsaboutthemmaybeendless.4.Scientistscannottellwhathappensinsideablackhole.5.Blackholesarewouldntsointimidatingifweunderstandthem.VocabularyExercises1.Ablackholeexertsastronggravitationalpull.2.Hiscompanycollapsedowingtopoormanagement.3.Quiteafewsatelliteswerelaunchedinthe1980sinourcountry.10.他在一所中学当英语老师。单元同步练习1.雇主希望求职者个性随和,工作努力。2.如果你事先通知我,我昨天就会到机场接你了。3.正如我刚才所说的那样,女主人对我们是友好的。4.但是这种简化倾向会使他们对其他的可供选项视而不见。5.虽然管理者不能预测未来,但是他们的许多决策还是要求他们考虑到未来可能发生的事情。6.人们对于如何达到这个目标有不同的看法。7.图书管理员要求学生在读完杂志后放回原处。Unit2TextABlackHolesExercisesfortheText1.黑洞是什么,天文学家还没有完全解决这个问题。2.据说黑洞可以将其周围的一切物体经,如星星吞食掉。3.对黑洞的研究刚刚开始,各种各样的假说会层出不穷。4.科学家们仍不能说出黑洞内发生了什么。5.如果我们认识了黑洞,黑洞就不那么可怕了。VocabularyExercises1.黑洞产生很强的引力。exert2.由于管理不善,他的公司垮台了。collapse3.80年代我国发射了多颗人造卫星。(launch)第3页共18页4.Hasthemedicinebeguntooperate5.Hisfigurewasswallowedupinthedark.orDarknessswallowedhimup.TextBWorldswithinWorlds单元同步练习1.Weknownothingabouteventswitchhappenonceobjectspassthisboundary.2.Einsteinstheoryofrelativityistheonlytheorywitchcanexplainthisphenomenon.3.Thisprocessofshrinkingissointensethatablackholeresults.4.Butintheory,mattermustbehaveverydifferently/inverydifferentmannerinsidetheblackhole.5.Mankindmayonedaymeetthisfate.Unit3TextAEuthanasiaForandAgainstExercisesforthetext1.Euthanasiacanreallyalleviatethesufferingofthepatientwhoisdying.2.DoyouknowthattheNetherlandsistheonlycountryinEuropewitchpermitseuthanasia.3.Doctorswhosupporttheideanevermeanthattheydontcareforthepatients.4.Afterafirstdoctordiagnosis,aseconddoctormustconfirmit.5.Thosewhoareagainstitbelievethatpatientsdonotreallywanttoendtheirlives,buttheremaybesomethingelsebehindtherequest.Vocabularyexercises1.Theyrequestedthatprisonersshouldbesetfree.2.Histalentwillensurehimsuccess.3.Theyarepreparingtoopenupanationwidedebate.4.Heisverysensitivetochangesofweather.5.Inrecentyearsthequalityofhisworkisdeterioratinggradually.6.Thepollutedwatermakestheresidentsvulnerabletodiseases.4.药物开始见效了吗5.他的身影消失在黑暗中。(swallowup)TextBWorldswithinWorlds单元同步练习1.一旦物体穿过边界会发生什么样的事情,我们对此仍一无所知。2.爱因斯坦的相对论是唯一可以解释这种现象的理论。3.这个收缩的过程如此强烈,以至于黑洞产生了。4.但是从理论上说,物质在黑洞里的行为一定非常不同。5.有一天也许人类会遭此命运。Unit3TextAEuthanasiaForandAgainstExercisesforthetext1.安乐死的确能解除临终病人的痛苦。2.你知不知道荷兰是欧洲唯一允许施行安乐死的国家。3.支持这一观点的医生并不意味着他们不关心病人。4.在第一个医生诊断疾病之后,必须由另外一名医生确认病情。5.反对认为病人并一定真正希望结束生命,可能请求之后另有所求。Vocabularyexercises1.他们要求释放犯人。(request)2.他的才能将保证他得到成功。ensure3.他们正准备展开一场全国性的争论。openup4.他对天气变化很敏感。sensitiveto5.近年来他的工作质量逐渐下降。detetiorate6.水的污染使居民们容易得病。vulnerableto第4页共18页Waterpollutioncausestheresidentsvulnerabletodiseases.TextBAdvantageUnfair单元同步练习1.Inthevastmajorityofeuthanasiacases,thepatientdoesntreallywanttodie.2.Affectedwithaseriousdisease,heknewtherewasnohopeofrecovery.3.Notallpatientswouldreceivesuchlevelofindividualcare.4.Becauseoffiercecompetition,manyuniversitystartedtoadvertisefornewapplicantsearlythisyear.5.Itisnecessarythatthebatteriesbekeptinadryplace.6.Enterprisesmustbesensitivetodemandofthemarket.7.Itisstillunknownnowwhetherhewillarriveontime.Unit4TextASlaveryonOurDoorstepExercisesforthetext1.Thegovernmentdepartmentdealingthematterconcerneddidnotkeepstatistics.2.Sheacceptedajobworkingasadomesticjustbecauseshefounditdifficulttoprovideforherfamily.3.ShewashiredbyaSaudidiplomatdirectlyfromthePhilippinestoworkinLondon.4.Theworkingconditionsofthedomesticsreceivedmediaattention5.Theemployersalwaysthreatenedtosendusbacktoourcounty.Vocabularyexercises1.Resourcesshouldbeexploitedproperly.2.Theorderwaswellexecuted.3.Thisprojectdeservesfurtherinvestigation.orThisprojectisdeservingoffurtherinvestigation.4.Wevealreadyreducedtheexpensestotheminimum.5.IwouldntbelievethenewsdespitewhatTextBAdvantageUnfair单元同步练习1.在绝大多数安乐死病例中,病人并不是真的想死。2.重病在身,他知道他没有康复的希望。3.并不是所有的病人都能得到如此高水平的个别护理。4.由于竞争激烈,许多大学在今年年初就开始进行招生宣传。5.有必要把电池放在干燥处。6.企业必须对市场需求敏感。7.他能否按时到达,现在还不知道。Unit4TextASlaveryonOurDoorstepExercisesforthetext1.处理有关事务的政府部门没有做统计。2.正因为她无法养家才同意做家仆。3.她是一名沙特外交官直接从菲律宾雇到伦敦来工作的。4.家仆的生活状况得到了新闻媒体的关注。5.雇主们总是威胁要把我们遣送回国。Vocabularyexercises1.开发资源要适度。exploit2.这项命令执行得很好。execute3.这个项目值得进一步调查。deserve或deservingof4.我们已将费用减至最低额。minimum5.不论她如何说,我也不相信这个消息。第5页共18页shesaid.6.Canthissmallboatbringusovertotheothersideoftheriver.单元同步练习1.Attheendof1994theBritishGovernmentintroducednewmeasurestohelpprotectdomesticworkersformabusebytheiremployers.2.Thehumanrightsorganizationssaythatputtingprisonersinchainsisnotonlyinhumanebutalsoineffective.3.Other,lessdramatic,casesareequallydeservingofattention.4.Itistherighttochangeemployerswitchdistinguishesemploymentfromslavery.5.Manypeopledoubtwhetherthiswillsuccessfullyreducetheincidenceofabuse.Unit5TextATheNewMusicExercisesforText1.Thenewmusicwasbuiltoutofthethreeformsofmusicalreadyinexistence.2.Rocknrollisveryrhythmic,soitispopularamongyoungpeople.3.TheBeatleswasafamousrockgroupinEngland.4.Themodernmusicpaysattentiontotheparticipationofitsaudiences.5.Electronicamplifiershavemademusicpenetrating.Vocabularyexercises1.Thischapterisonthetransformationofheatenergyintodynamicenergy.2.Agroupofpeoplegatheredspontaneouslyonthespotoftheaccident.3.Thequarreloriginatedfromamisunderstanding.4.Thearmytookoverthecityin1949.5.Youshouldnottakeontoomuchworkforthesakeofyourhealth.TextBDifferentTypesofComposersdespite6.这条小船能把我们运到河的那边吗bringover单元同步练习1.1994年底,英国政府采取了一些新措施,保护佣人不受他们雇主的虐待。2.人权组织声称,把犯人们用铁链子锁在一起不仅不人道,而且效果也差。3.其他一些不那么引人注目的案例同样关注。4.正是更换雇主的权利把雇佣和奴役区分开来。5.很多人怀疑这是否能成功地减少虐待事件的发生。Uint5TextATheNewMusicExercisesfortheText1.新音乐是基于已有的三种音乐发展起来的。2.摇滚乐的节奏感很强,青年人喜欢听。3.甲壳虫乐队是英国有名的摇滚乐队。4.现代音乐很注意观众和听众的参与。5.电子扩音器使音乐变得有穿透力。Vocabularyexercises1.这一章是关于热能转化成动力的。transformation2.一群人自发地聚集在事故现场。spontaneously3.这次争吵是由误会引起的。originate4.1949年后,军队接管了这个城市。takeover5.为了你的健康,你不该承担太繁重的工作。takeonTextBDifferentTypesofComposers第6页共18页GrammarExercises1.Helikessportsverymuch,sodoeshischild.2.ShedoesntliketheideaNordoesherhusband.3.Onlyinthiswaycanweexpecttodoourworkwell.4.Notuntil1990didIknowthathewasanEnglishteacher.5.Neverhasanycountrymadesuchgreateffortstodevelopitsindustry.6.Notfarformthebridgewasahighbuilding.7.Notonlydidtheyworkhard,butalsoworkedwell.8.BeforeuswalkedagroupofyoungPioneers.9.Hadyoutoldmeearlier,Imighthavebeenabletohelp.10.IworkedinasmallfactoryinWuXilastyear.单元同步练习1.Inasense,hewasright,buthedidknowallthefacts.2.Thethreemusicformsaremusicallyandculturallydistinct.3.Youcanalmosttellthistypeofcomposerbyhisfruitfuloutput.4.Turnontheradio,andyouwillhearnicefolkmusic.5.Iftheyhadsignedthecontractontime,theywouldnothavesufferedsuchaloss.6.Inthe1960sAmericanfolkmusicexpressedantiwarsentimentsaswellasloveandhope.7.Hehasagiftformusic,butwhenitcomestodrawing,heknowsnothing.Unit6TextAImprovingIndustrialEfficiencythroughRoboticsExercisesfortheText1.Theapplicationofrobotshasincreasinglybecomeprevalentandfarreachingtheseyear.2.ThenewlydevelopedrobotshaveasenseGrammarExercises1.他很喜欢运动,他的孩子也喜欢。2.她不喜欢这个主题,她的丈夫也不喜欢。3.只有这样我们才能指望把工作做好。4.直到1990年我才知道他是位英语教师。5.从没有哪个国家做出这样大的努力来发展工业。6.离桥不远的地方是一座高楼。7.他们不仅工作努力,而且工作得很好。8.在我们前面走着一群少先队员。9.如果早点告诉我,我也许能帮帮忙。10.我去年在无锡的一家小工厂工作。单元同步练习1.在某种意义上他是对的,但他不了解全部事实。2.这三种音乐形式在音乐和文化上都彼此不同。3.你几乎可以根据他富有成果的创作分辨出这一类作曲家。4.打开收音机,你就会听到美妙的民乐。5.如果他们按时签了合同,就不会遭受这样的损失了。6.二十世纪六十年代美国民间音乐除表现爱情与希望外,还表现反战情绪。7.他很有音乐天赋,但是谈到绘画,他就一窍不通了。Unit6TextAImprovingIndustrialEfficiencythroughRoboticsExercisesfortheText1.近几年,机器人的应用越来越广泛和深入。2.新开发的机器人有触觉,可以看见物体,第7页共18页oftouchandtheabilitytoseeobjectsandmakedecisions.3.Robotsarewidelyemployedintheautomotiveindustry.4.Bothlightsensitivematerialsanddigitalcamerasarephotographicequipment.5.Robotsdiffergreatlyfromautomaticmachines.Vocabularyexercises1.Atcriticalmomentweshouldbecapableoffacinganydifficulties.2.Afterconsideringthatproblem,theyswitchtheirattentiontosomethingelse.3.Spaythepaintonthetable,please.4.Weshouldexposechildrentonewideas.5.Wehaveplentyofnaturalresourses.6.Heiscriticalofherignoranceofthelaw.7.Hehasswitchedformoneoccupationtoanotherinthepastthreeyears.TextBPredictingEarthquakes单元同步练习1.Wehavecometorealizehowimportantagreenenvironmentis.2.Thewarningsignsshowtheweaknessofrocklayersthatcanprecedeanearthquake.3.Itisyetnotknowwhetherrobotswillonedayhavevisionasgoodashumanvision.4.Thisearthquakeis10timesasstrongaslastone.Unit7TextALeisureandLeadershipExercisesfortheText1.Thetermqualityoflifecoversaverywidescope.2.Inasocietyinwitchlifeisfastpacedandworkisstressful,itisbeneficialtoyourhealthtotrytofindtimetorelax.3.Peoplestastesandpreferencesareallrelatetosocialcontextsandtheirindividuallearningexperiences.4.Thepositiveleisureattitudesareessential还能做决定。3.机器人在汽车行业应用广泛。4.感光材料、数字照相机都是照相器材。5.机器人与自动化机器有重大的区别。Vocabularyexercises1.在关键时刻,我们应该有能力面对一切困难。critical,capableof2.对那个问题进行考虑后,他们把注意力转移到别的事情上去了。switch3.把漆喷在桌子上。spay4.我们应该让孩子们接触新思想。expose5.我们有大量的自然资源。plentyof6.对于她对法律的无知,他持批评态度。criticalof7.在过去的三年里他从一个职业转向另一个职业。switchTextBPredictingEarthquakes单元同步练习1.我们已经认识到绿色环境有多么重要。2.警示牌显示前方岩石脆弱,预示可能会发生地震。3.迄今尚不清楚机器人会不会有朝一日具有人眼那样的视力。4.此次地震的强度是上次的10倍。Unit7TextALeisureandLeadershipExercisesfortheText1.生活质量这一术语涉及很广泛。2.在生活节奏快、工作压力大的社会中,放松一下有利于健康。3.人们的兴趣和爱好与社会环境和个人学习经历有关。4.积极的休闲态度是鼓励人们创造性地利第8页共18页formotivatingpeopletousetheirleisureincreativeways.5.Researchandobservationsfindingsindicatethatpeopleareincreasinglyconcernedwiththequalityoflife.VocabularyExercises1.Healwaystakesaverypositiveattitudewhencorrectingpupilsmistakes.2.Thepassengersmustattachlabeltotheirsuitcasesbeforeboardingtheplane.3.Thecolorofhisskinisnotrelevanttowhetherheisagoodlawyer.4.Ashiploomedthroughtheheavyfog.5.Wevedonenothingwrongonourpart.6.SchoolshouldsetastheirobjectivetheattainmentofabalanceddevelopmentoftheirstudentsTextBTheTimeMessage.单元同步练习1.Hedoesntthinkthattheseerrorswereduetocarelessness.2.Schoolsusuallysetastheireducationalobjectivetheattainmentofabalanceddevelopmentofaperson.3.Whetherapersoncanmanagehistimewellisveryimportantforhisstudy.Itisveryimportantforhisstudywhetherapersoncanmanagehistimewell.4.Inadvancedindustrialsocietypeopleareattachingincreasingimportancetopayholidays.5.Youmustpushawaymanytemptationsoryourscheduleisuseless.6.Timeistheeasiestthingintheworldtowasteandthemostdifficultthingtocontrol.7.Heroseearlythismorningsoasnottobelatefortheconference.Heroseearlythismorninginorderthathewouldnotbelatefortheconference.8.Itsuptoyouwhetheryouwillwithdrawallyourmoneyfrombank.Unit8TextAJetLagPreventionandCure用空闲时间的基础。5.研究与观察结果表明,人们越来越关心生活质量。VocabularyExercises1.他在纠正学生错误时总是采取积极的态度。positive2.旅客在登机时必须在提包上拴上标签。attachto3.他的肤色与他是否是个好律师无关。relevantto4.一艘船在大雾中隐隐出现。loom5.我方什么也没有做错。ononespart6.学校应该把学生的全面发展作为自己的目标。setasobjectiveTextBTheTimeMessage单元同步练习1.他认为这些错误不是由于粗心造成的。2.学校通常把实现一个人的平衡发展作为自己的教育目标。3.一个人是否能管理好时间对他的学习来说是很重要的。4.在先进的工业化社会里,人们越来越重视带薪休假。5你必须摆脱许多诱惑,否则你的日程表会落空。6.时间是世界上最容易浪费,也最难以把握的东西。7.今天他起得很早,以免开会迟到。8.你是否把所有的钱都从银行里取出来由你自己决定。Unit8TextAJetLagPreventionandCure第9页共18页ExercisesfortheText1.Itisnotdifficulttounderstandthediscomfortthatrapidtraveldisturbseffectonthebody.2.Onereasonforthisdiscrepancyisthatdifferentbodilyeventsarecontrolledbydifferentfactors.3.Proteininfoodstimulateswakefulness,whilecarbohydratespromotesleep.4.TheproblemofJetLagisoneinternationaltravellercomesacrossatsometime.Jetlagisaproblemthatoneeveryinternationaltravellermaycomeacrossatsometime.5.Itsnotfeasibletowaitforafewdaysuntilthebodysregulatorymechanismsareusedtothenewtimezone.Vocabularyexercises1.Weshouldpromotethemutualunderstandingbetweenourtwocountries.2.thisplanseemstobefeasible.3.Heisoutofstepwithmodernlife.4.Toovercomedifficulties,Wemustfirstovercomeourselves.5.Thereisabiglagbetweenhisthingandaction.6.Thefashionmodelwaslookingforachancetodisplayherselftoadvantage.7.Yourassumptionisntbasedonadequatefacts.TextBControllingYourConcentration单元同步练习1.Inexpressingouropinions,weshouldtrytobeasobjectiveaspossible.2.Itsuptoyoutodecidewhethertowithdrawallthemoneyfromthebankornot.3.Itisnotfeasibletowaitforfourdaysuntilthebodyisusedtothenewtimezone.4.Evenwiththegreatesteffort,ourspanofattentionfluctuates.5.TheproblemofJetLagisoneeveryinternationaltravellercomesacrossatsomeExercisesfortheText1.不难理解高速旅行给身体带来的不适。2.引起这一不同的原因之一是不同的人体活动由不同的因素控制。3.食物中的蛋白质使人兴奋,而食物中的碳水化合物使人易于入睡。4.时差反应是每一个国际旅行者可能遇到的问题。5.等待几天直到身体的调节机制自然适应新时区,这并不可行。Vocabularyexercises1.我们要增进两国之间的相互了解。promote2.这个计划似乎是可行的。feasible3.他同现代生活不合拍。outofstep4.要战胜困难,首先我们要战胜自己。overcome5.在他的思想和行动之间存在很大差异。lag6.那位模特正在寻找一个机会来有利地显示自己。toadvantage7.你的假设不是建立在充分的事实基础上的。assumptionTextBControllingYourConcentration单元同步练习1.在表达自己的意见时,我们应该力求客观。2.你是否把所有的钱都从银行里取出来由你自己决定。3.等上四天直到身体习惯新的时区是不可行的。4.即使作出最大的努力,我们的注意范围也会变动。5.时差反应是每个做国际旅行的人在某个时候都会碰到的问题。

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