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简答题.doc.doc

1英国根据新大纲,删除了Chapter6和Chapter8的内容,即下面的5160题,7180题1.WhatisthefullnameoftheUnitedKingdomItistheUnitedKingdomofGreatBritainandNorthernIreland.2.WhatarethetwolargeislandthatmakeuptheBritishIslesTheyareGreatBritainandIreland.3.WhatarethefourpoliticaldivisionsoftheUnitedKingdomTheyareEngland,Scotland,WalesandNorthernIreland.4.WhydoestheUnitedKingdomhaveamildclimate,eventhoughitliesfarthernorththanourHeilongjiangProvinceBecauseBritainsclimateisinfluencedbytheGulfStream.5.HowmanymetropolitanareasdoesEnglandhaveEnglandhassevenmetropolitanareas.6.WhatisthebackboneofEnglandItisthePennines.7.WhatisthelargestlakeintheBritishIslesItisLoughNeagh.8.FromwhatlanguagesisEnglishderivedEnglandismainlyderivedfromtheAngloSaxonandNormanFrenchlanguages.9.WhatisaneisteddfodAneisteddfodisaWelshfestivalofpoetry,musicandotherarts.10.WhathavetheScottishpeoplebeenfamousforTheScottishpeoplehavebeenfamousfortheircloseknitclans,colorfulplaidkilts,andskillasfiercewarriors.11.HowlongwasBritainundertheRomanoccupationBritainwasundertheRomanoccupationfornearly400years.12.WhywastheRomanimpactupontheBritonssurprisinglylimitedTheRomanimpactontheBritonswassurprisinglylimitedbecausetheRomansalwaystreatedtheBritonsasasubjectpeopleofslaveclassandtheyneverintermarriedwiththenativeBritons.13.WhendidtheAngloSaxonsbegintosettleinBritainTheAngloSaxonsbegantosettleinBritaininthe5thcentury.14.WhendidEnglandbegintobeChristianizedEnglandbegantobeChristianizedin579.215.WhatwastheresultoftheSynodofWhitbyinYorkshirein664TheresultoftheSynodofWhitbywasthattheRomanmissionariesgainedtheupperhandovertheCelticmissionaries.16.WhatwasHarolddoingwhenhewasinformedoftheinvasionofNorthumbriabyTostigandHaroldHardradaHewasinthesouthpreparingtoresisttheexpectedattackfromNormandy.17.WheredidHarolddefeatTostigandHardradaHarolddefeatedTostigandHaroldHardradaatStanfordBridge.18.BywhomwasWilliamcrownedKingofEnglandinWestminsterAbbeyWilliamwascrownedKingofEnglandinWestminsterAbbeybytheArchbishopofYork.19.WhatdidWilliamdoafterhesuppressedtheSaxonrisingsinthenorthHebuiltastringofdefensecastlestoensurehismilitarycontrolofthewholecountry.20.WastheNormanConquestthelastsuccessfulinvasionofEnglandYes.TheNormanConquestwasthelastsuccessfulinvasionofEnglandbecauseEnglandhasneverbeeninvadedsince.21.WhydidWilliamIgivehisbaronslargeestatesinEnglandWilliamIgavelargeestatestohisbaronsbecausehewantedtogetapromiseofmilitaryserviceandaproportionofthelandsproduce.22.WhatwasthepeculiarfeatureofthefeudalsystemofEnglandAlllandowners,bigandsmall,tooktheoathofallegianceforthelandtheyheld,notonlytotheirimmediatelord,butalsototheking.23.WhydidWilliamIhavetheDomesdayBookcompiledWilliamIhadtheDomesdayBookcompiledbecausehewantedtohaveareliablerecordofallhisland,histenantsandtheirpossessionsandtodiscoverhowmuchhistenantscouldbeaskedtopaybywayoftaxes.24.WhatwasWilliamIspolicytowardsthechurchHewantedtokeepitcompletelyunderhiscontrol,butatthesametimetoupholditspower.25.WhydidHenryIImakeThomasBecketArchbishopofCanterburyHethoughtthatThomasBecketwouldassisthimincarryingoutlegalreforms.26.WhatbroughtHenryIIintocollisionwithThomasBecket,theArchbishopofCanterburyTheexceptionalprivilegesenjoyedbytheclergybroughtHenryIIintocollisionwithThomasBecket.327.WhatarethetwoaspectsoftheNormanlegacythatcontributedtogreatdomesticunrestinEnglandinthe12thand13thcenturiesOnewasEnglandspossessionofterritoryinFrance.TheotherwasNormanadherencetoRomanCatholicism.28.WhowastheFrenchnationalheroineduringtheHundredYearsWarwhohelpedtheFrenchtodrivetheEnglishoutofFranceJoanofArc.29.WhendidthegovernmentestablishrulesforthefirsttimetokeepdownwagesThegovernmentestablishedrulesforthefirsttimetokeepdownwagesin1351.30.HowmanypeasantinKentandEssexwerekilledbyRichardIIstroops40,000peasantsinKentandEssexwerekilledbyRichardIIstroops.31.WhatweretheemblemsoftheHousesofYorkandLancasterTheemblemoftheHouseofYorkwasawhiteroseandtheemblemoftheHouseofLancasterwasaredrose.32.WhatwastheimpactoftheWarsoftheRosesonfeudalisminEnglandTheWarsoftheRosesdealtadeathblowtofeudalisminEngland.33.HowdidElizabethItrytoavoidtroublingParliamenttoooftenforpoundsShetriedtoavoidtroublingParliamentbymakingstricteconomiesatCourt.34.WhatquestionsdidElizabethItreataspersonalandprivateThesequestionswereherreligion,hermarriage,herforeignpolicy,thesuccessiontothethrone,andherfinance.35.HowdidElizabethImanagetomaintaininfriendlyrelationshipwithFranceShemanagedtomaintainafriendlyrelationshipwithFrancethroughhermarriageallianceswhichwerenevermaterialized.36.WhenwasMaryQueenofScotsexecutedMaryQueenofScotswasexecutedin1587.37.WhatdidthedestructionoftheSpanishArmadashowItshowedEnglandssuperiorityasanavalpower.38.WhatwasthelongtermresultoftheGunpowderPlotThelongtermresultoftheGunpowderPlothasbeenanannualcelebrationofNovember5,whenabonfireislittoburnaguyandafireworkdisplayisarranged.39.WhatwasPuritanismnotedforItwasnotedforsimpledress,highmoralstandardsandveryegalitarianattitudes.440.WhatisaconstitutionalmonarchyAconstitutionalmonarchyisonewhosepowerislimitedbyParliament.41.WhatdidtheWhigsstandforintheearly19thcenturyTheystoodforareductioninCrownpatronage,sympathytowardsNonconformists,andcarefortheinterestsofmerchantsandbankers.42.Whydidchangesinfarmingmethodsaffectlivesofmillionsinthe18thcenturyChangesinfarmingmethodsaffectedlivesofmillionsinthe18thcenturyEnglandbecausevillageandagriculturewerethebackboneofEnglandatthattime.43.Whatdidthelandownerswanttodointhelate18thandearly19thcenturiesTheywantedtoreplacethesmallfarmscultivatedontheopenfieldsystembylarger,economicallymoreefficientfarmswithhedgedividedfields.44.WhywasKingGeorgeIIInicknamedFarmerGeorgeKingGeorgeIIIwasnicknamedFarmerGeorgebecausehewasveryenthusiasticaboutagriculturalchangesatWinsor.45.WhatwerethetwoeventswhichmostalarmedtheBritishrulingclassesintheclosingdecadesofthe18thcenturyTheyweretheAmericanWarofIndependenceandtheFrenchRevolution.46.WhendidtheBritishbegintotransportconvictstoAustraliaTheBritishbegantotransportconvictstoAustraliain1788.47.Whatwastheresultofthegeneralstrikeof1926Thestrikefailed.Theminerswereforcedtoreturntoworkwithlongerhoursandlowerwageseventhanbefore.Yet,outsidetheminingdistrict,thestrikeseemedtohaveimprovedrelationsbetweentheworkersandthemiddleclasses.48.WhydidEdwardVIIIabdicatein1936afterareignof10monthsEdwardVIIIabdicatedbecausehewantedtomarryWallisSimpson,atwicedivorcedAmerican.49.WhendidBritainfinallybecomeafullmemberoftheEuropeanEconomicCommunityBritainfinallybecameafullmemberoftheEuropeanEconomicCommunityinJanuary,1973.50.WhywasMrs.Thatcherremovedfromofficein1990ItwasbecauseofheroppositiontoEuropeanUnionandherimpositionofanextremelyunpopularflatratepolltaxinplaceofpropertytaxestopayorlocalgovernmentservice.61.WheredoestheSovereignscoronationtakeplaceTheSovereignscoronationtakesplaceatWestminsterAbbeyinLondon.562.WhenistheSovereignsbirthdayofficiallycelebratedItisofficiallycelebratedinJuneeveryyear.63.WhatdoestheDukeofEdinburghdowhentheQueenpaysstatevisitstoforeigngovernmentsHeaccompaniesher.64.WheredoestheQueensexpenditurearisingfrompublicdutiescomefromTheQueensexpenditurearisingfrompublicdutiescomesfromtheCivilListandgovernmentdepartments.65.WhatdoesthetermparliamentoriginallymeanThetermparliamentoriginallymeansameetingforaparleyordiscussion.66.WhatisthemainfunctionoftheHouseofLordsThemainfunctionoftheHouseofLordsistobringthewideexperienceofitsmembersintotheprocessoflawmaking.67.WhatistheSpeakerstaskintheHouseofCommonsHistaskistopresideovertheHouseandenforcetherulesoforder.68.HowmanycountiesarethereinEnglandandWalesThereare53countiesinEnglandandWales.69.WhatarethethreeislandareaswheresingletierauthoritieswereintroducedinScotlandTheyaretheOrkneys,theShetlandsandtheWesternIsles.70.HowdolocalauthoritiesinGreatBritainraiserevenueTheyraiserevenuethroughthecounciltax.81.AreBritishpeopleobligedtousetheNationalHealthServiceNo.Theyarenotobligedtousetheservice.82.WhatareservicesforelderlypeopleaimedatServicesforelderlypeopleareaimedathelpingthemliveathomewheneverpossible.83.WhatistheaimofthesocialsecuritysystemTheaimofthesocialsecurityistosecureabasicstandardoflivingforpeopleinfinancialneed.84.AtwhatagedomenandwomengenerallyretireMengenerallyretireattheageof65,andwomenattheateof60.85.WhatarethetwoestablishedchurchesinBritainTheyaretheChurchofEnglandinEnglandandtheChurchofScotlandinScotland.86.HowmanyprovincesdoestheChurchofEnglandhave6TheChurchofEnglandhastwoprovincesCanterburyandYork.87.WhenwerethefirstwomenpriestsordainedinBritainTheywereordainedinMarch1994.88.WhofoundedtheSalvationArmyintheEastofLondonin1865WilliamBooth,agreatfollowerofJohnWesley,foundedtheSalvationArmy.89.WheredothepeopleinLondongotoseetheChristmasdecorationsTheygotoOxfordStreet,RegentStreetandPiccadillytoseetheChristmasdecorations.90.WhyisDecember26thcalledBoxingDayDecember26thiscalledBoxingDaybecauseitwasformerlythecustomtogiveChristmasboxes,orgiftsofmoney,toservantsandtradesmenonthisday.91.HowmanykindsofstatesecondaryschoolsarethereinGreatBritainThree.Theyaregrammarschool,secondarymodernschoolandcomprehensiveschool.92.WhenwastheOpenUniversityfoundedWhendiditbeginitsfirstcoursesItwasfoundedin1969,anditbeganitsfirstcoursesin1970.93.WhyistheOpenUniversitysonamedItissonamedbecauseitisopentoalltobecomestudents.94.HowmuchmoneyisspentonpressadvertisingeveryyearinGreatBritainAbout£5,100million.95.HowmuchtimedoBritishpeoplespendadaywatchingtelevisionPeoplespendanaverageofoverthreeandahalfhoursadaywatchingtelevision.96.HowarethestateruntelevisionchannelsBBC1andBBC2financedTheyarefinancedfromthesaleoftelevisionlicences.97.HowareindependentchannelsITVandC4fundedTheyarefundedentirelybyadvertising.98.WhendidtheBBCbegintoprovideregulartelevisionbroadcastsTheBBCbegantoprovideregulartelevisionbroadcastsin1936.99.WhichsportisregardedastypicallyEnglishCricketisthemosttypicallyEnglishsport.100.WhatisacopyrightlibraryItisalibrarywhichisentitledtoreceiveafreecopyofeverybookpublishedintheUnited7Kingdom.美国(根据新大纲,删除了chapter13的内容,即下面Part1中的110题。)Part1(Chapter1415)11.WhatisthepopulationoftheUnitedStatesHowdoesitrankintheworldTheUnitedStatesisthethirdmostpopulouscountryintheworldafterChinaandIndia,withapopulationof267millionestimatedinApril1997.12.WhatisthereasonforthegrowthofpopulationinFloridaItisbecauseofitswarmclimateandconvenienceindoingbusinesswithandtravelingtoCentralandSouthAmerica.13.Whicharethefivebiggestcities,intermsofpopulation,intheUnitedStatesNewYork,LosAngeles,Chicago,SanFrancisco,Philadelphia.14.WhyarepeoplemovingsooftenintheUnitedStatesPeopleoftenmovefromoneplacetoanotherforvariousreasonstolookforbetterjobopportunityorforbetterclimateorforothergoals.15.WhataresomeoftheconsequencesoftheoutflowofcityresidentstothesuburbsThemovementbringsseriousconsequencestobigcitiesrisingunemploymentrate,theincreaseofthenumberofpoorpeople,theworseningofcitylivingconditionsandthefallofgovernmentrevenues.16.WhicharethethreelargestgroupsofHispanicsTheChicanos,thePuertoRicansandtheCubanAmericans.17.WhydomanyPuertoRicansgototheUnitedStatesTheyaredrawntotheUnitedStatesbybetterjobopportunities.18.WhatexplanationdoexpertsgiveforthesuccessofAsianAmericansTheexpertsattributethesuccesstoAsianculturaltraditionemphasisoneducation,hardworkandfamily.19.WhatwasthefateofJapaneseAmericansinWWIITheJapaneseAmericansweretakentorelocationcentersinisolatedpartsofthewesternmountainandplainsstatesandstayedbehindbarbedwires.20.CanyougiveanexampletoshowtheawakeningofAmericanIndiansManyIndiansaretakinglegalstepstodemandcompensationforlandandresourcesgrabbedfromthemillegally.21.WhatisoneoftheexplanationsofhowtheearlyIndianscametotheAmericansOneoftheexplanationsistheIndianscrossedfromAsiaonthelandbridgethatconnectedSiberia8andAlaska.22.HowdidthePlymouthsettlersmanagetosurviveTheneighboringIndianscametoteachthemhowtogrowcornandtheysucceededinhavingagoodharvest.23.InwhatwaywerethePuritansdifferentfromthePilgrimsThePilgrimsweremostlypoor,labouringpeoplewhilethePuritanswerewealthy,welleducatedgentlemen.24.DidtheWarofIndependencestartwiththeadoptionoftheDeclarationofIndependenceNo.ItstartedwhenclashestookplaceatConcordandLexington.25.WhatwasthechiefweaknessoftheArticlesofConfederationThechiefweaknesswasthedocumentfailedtosetupagovernmentthatcouldfunction.26.WhatwasthesignificanceoftheadoptionoftheBillofRightsTheadoptionoftheBillofRightsinadditiontotheConstitutioncompletedthefoundationoftheAmericanconstitutionalsystem.27.WhydidAmericanterritorialexpansionthreatenBritishinterestBecausesomeAmericanswantedtotakeadvantageofthewarinEuropetoexpandintoCanada.ThisrancountertoBritishinterest.28.WhatwastheCompromiseof1850TheCompromiseof1850wasanarrangementwhichkeptabalancebetweenfreeandslavestatesintheSenate.29.WhydidtheCivilWarbreakoutTheCivilWarbrokeoutbecausethesouthernstateslefttheUnionandformedanewnationbutpresidentLincolnwasdeterminedtomaintaintheUnion.30.HowdidthegovernmenthelpinthedevelopmentofAmericaneconomyThegovernmentcarriedoutthepolicyoftradeprotectionism.Part2(Chapter1618)1.WhatwerethethreefeaturesinthegrowthofAmericaneconomyatthebeginningofthe20thcenturyLargecorporation,urbanizationandnewtechnologywerethethreefeatures.2.WhatwasthebasicdemandoftheProgressiveMovementThebasicdemandwasgovernmentregulationofeconomicandsocialconditions.3.WhydidtheUnitedStatespursueapolicyofproAllypartialityintheearlypartofWWIBecauseofethnicties,culturaltradition,socialbackground,economicinterestsandsuccessful9Britishpropaganda,theU.S.governmentpursuedsuchapolicy.4.WhatweretheimmediatecausesthatledtheUnitedStatesintothewarTheimmediatecauseswereGermanysunlimitedsubmarinewarfareandGermanysattempttogetMexicointothewaragainsttheUnitedStates.5.Whatgovernmentpoliciesinthe1920shelpedbigbusinessThepoliciesoftariffprotection,favorabletaxratesandlittlegovernmentrestrictionscontributedtohighprofitsofbigbusinesses.6.HowdidmanyAmericansviewtheircountryafterWWITheybelievedthatAmericanpolitical,economicandsocialinstitutionswerethebestintheworld.7.WhatwastheexperienceofWWIveteransdemandingpaymentofbonusesinWashingtonD.C.in1932TheyweredrivenoutofthecapitalbymilitaryforcedirectedbyGeneralMcArthur.8.WhatweresomeofthepersonalcharacteristicsofF.D.R.thathelpedhimindoinghisworkaspresidentHehadasuresenseofwhatwaspracticalorpossible,astrongsenseoftimingandwasagreatcommunicator.9.WhatwerethetwoguidingprinciplesunderlyingAmericandiplomaticactivitiesinWWIIThefirstwastowinthewarthesecondwastobringtheSovietUnionintoapostwarworldorderunderAmericanleadership.10.WhatwasthebasicreasonforthepostponementoftheopeningoftheSecondFrontItwasareflectionofthedesireofnotlettingtheSovietUnionexpandintoeasternandcentralEuropetooquickly.11.WhatwasthepostwarstrategyoftheUnitedStatesThestrategywasAmericanleadershipoftheworldandopenmarketforAmericangoodsandcapital.12.WhatwasthetheoryputforwardbytheSovietUnioninaround1946Therecouldbenolongtermpeacefulcoexistencebetweensocialismandcapitalism.13.WhatwastheimmediatecauseoftheBerlincrisisin1948TheSovietUnioncutoffWesternroutestoWestBerlin.14.WhatdecisiondidPresidentTrumanmaketodealwiththeBerlincrisisHedecidedtomobilizeallpossibleAmericancargoplanestoairliftsuppliesintoWestBerlin.15.WhateffectdidtheBerlinblockadehaveonthepeopleinWestBerlinandwesternoccupiedzones

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