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英语(二)冲刺5.doc.doc

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英语(二)冲刺5.doc.doc

高教自考指定教材英语二冲刺模拟试卷二来源考试大20051109111533责任编辑jayPARTONEⅠ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Thesespeculationssound______sciencefiction.A.likeB.alikeC.likelyD.dislike2.Ithastakenhimalongtimeto______thefactthathewontbeabletogotocollege.A.receiveB.deceiveC.cometotermswithD.catchupwith3.The______ofthetalkreleasedbytheprosecutorshowwhyWeinsteinwasabelovedfigureatThorneMiddleSchool.A.expertsB.excerptsC.expelsD.excess4.Hecut______hissmoking.A.inB.upC.backD.down5.Thereisagrowingbodyofevidencetosupportthefactthatmostpeoplesufferfromalackofdaydreaming______anexcessofit.A.otherthanB.ratherthanC.inplaceofD.instead6.Wedonothaveadequate______fortheuseofanimals.A.subsequentsB.substitutesC.substancesD.substitutions7.Thevoterswere______largelybyadesireforchange.A.motionedB.motoredC.motivatedD.motived8.Inhiscompositiontherewere______errors______afewmisspelledwords.A.other...thanB.noother...thanC.rather...thanD.norather...than9.Thespecificuseofleisure______fromindividualtoindividual.A.variesB.rangesC.variousD.distinguishes10.Ourlikesand______areallrelatedtosocialcontextsandlearningexperiences.A.unlikesB.dislikesC.alikesD.nonlikesⅡ.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeachitem答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。Henrysjobwastoexaminecarswhichcrossedthefrontiertomakesurethattheywerenotsmugglinganythingintothecountry.Everymorning,exceptatweekends,he11seeafactoryworkercomingupthehilltowardsthefrontier,12abicyclewithabigloadofoldstrawonit.Whenthebicyclearrivedthefrontier,Henryusedtostopthemanandorderhimtotakethestrawoff.Thenhewouldexaminethestrawverycarefullytosee13hecouldfindanything,afterwhichhewouldlookinallthemanspocketsbeforehelethimtiethestrawupagain.Themanwouldthenputitonhisbicycleandgooffdownthehillwithit.AlthoughHenrywasalways14tofindgoldorjewelryorothervaluablethingshiddeninthestraw,heneverfound15,eventhoughheexamineditverycarefully.Hewassurethatthemanwassmugglingsomething,buthewasnot16toimaginewhatitcouldbe.Thenoneevening,afterhehadlookedthroughthestrawandemptiedthefactoryworkerspockets17usual,hesaidtohim,Listen,Iknowthatyouaresmugglingthings18thisfrontier.WontyoutellmewhatitisthatyourebringingintothecountrysosuccessfullyImanoldman,andtodaysmylastdayonthejob.TomorrowImgoingto19.IpromisethatIshallnottellanyoneifyoutellmewhatyouvebeensmuggling.Thefactoryworkerdidnotsayanythingfor20.Thenhesmiled,turnedtoHenryandsaidquietlyBicycles.11.A.shouldB.mightC.wouldD.must12.A.pushingB.fillingC.pullingD.carrying13.A.thatB.howC.whereD.whether14.A.luckyB.suspectingC.expectingD.insisting15.A.nothingB.everythingC.somethingD.anything16.A.capableB.ableC.possibleD.clever17.A.thenB.asC.moreD.like18.A.crossB.acrossC.behindD.into19.A.returnB.retireC.retreatD.rest20.A.longtimeB.momentC.periodD.sometimeⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem的答案涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.TheelectromagnetwasinventedinEnglandbyWilliamSturgeon,whotookanironrodandbentitintotheshapeofahorseshoe.Thishorseshoewascoatedwithvarnishandalayerofcopperwirewaswrappedaroundit.Anelectriccurrentwaspassedthroughthewire,thusmakingtherodmagnetic.Therodwasnow,becauseofmagneticattraction,abletosupportninepoundsofiron.IntheUS,ascientistnamedJosephHenryimprovedonSturgeonselectromagnetbyinsulatingthecopperwinewithsilk.Hewasabletowrapmanyturnsofwirearoundanironcorewithoutdangerofshortcircuitsbetweentheturns.Hismagnetcouldhold2,300pounds.ThisexperimentpromptedHenrytotryhishandatconvertingmagnetismintoelectricity.Firsthecoiledsomeinsulatedwirearoundanironbar,connectingbothendsofthewiretoagalvanometer电流表.Theironbarwasplacedacrossthepolesoftheelectromagnet.Thenthecoiloftheelectromagnetwasconnectedtoabattery.Thegalvanometerindicatedavoltage,thendroppedtozero.Henrysignaledhisassistanttodisconnectthecoil.Thegalvanometershowedthatonceagainavoltagehadbeenproduced,althoughthistimeintheoppositedirection.Theprincipleofelectromagneticinductionhadthusbeendiscovered.UnfortunatelyforJosephHenryhedidnotpublishhisfindingsandsomeoneelseFaradaygotthecreditforthediscovery.21.Theprincipleofelectromageticwasdiscoveredby______.A.WilliamSturgeonB.JosephHenryC.FaradayD.someoneelse22.WhydidSturgeonselectromagnetcouldsupportninepoundsofironA.Becausetheironrodwasbentintotheshapeofahorseshoe.B.Becausetherodwascoatedwithvarnish.C.Becausealayerofcopperwirewaswrappedaroundtherod.D.Becausetherodwasmademagneticbythepassingcurrent.23.WhatisNOTTRUEaboutHenryselectromagnetA.Hismagnetcouldhold2,300pounds.B.Hismagnetwasmoredangerous.C.Thereweremoreturnsofwirearoundtheironrodinhismagnet.D.Hismagnetwasanimprovedmodel.24.InHenrysexperiment,heconnectedthewireto______.A.agalvanometerB.anironbarC.abatteryD.anelectromagnet25.InHenrysexperiment,thegalvanometerindicatedavoltagewhen______.A.thecoilwasconnectedtoabatteryB.thecoilwasdisconnectedtoabatteryC.neitherAnorBD.bothAandBPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Studentswhoscorehighinachievementneedstendtomakehighergradesincollegethanthosewhoscorelow.Whendegreeaptitudeforcollegework,asindicatedbyCollegeEntranceExaminationBoardTests,isconstant,engineeringstudentswhoscorehighinachievementneedstendtomakehighergradesincollegethantheaptitudetestscoreswouldindicate.Wecandefinethisneedasthehabitualdesiretodousefulworkwell.Itisasalientinfluencecharacteristicofthosewhoneedlittlesupervision.Theirdesireforaccomplishmentisastrongermotivationthananystimulationthesupervisioncanprovide.Individualswhofunctionintermsofthisdrivedonotbluffinregardtoajobthattheyfailtodowell.Someemployeeshaveastrongdriveforsuccessintheirworkothersaresatisfiedwhentheymakealiving.Thosewhowanttofeelthattheyaresuccesseshavehighaspirationforthemselves.Thoughtsconcerningtheachievementdriveareoftenprominentintheevaluationsmadebythetypicalemploymentinterviewerwhointerviewscollegeseniorsforexecutivetraining.Hewantstofindoutwhethertheseniorhasastrongdrivetogetaheadormerelytoholdajob.Researchindicatesthatsomewhodogetaheadhaveanevenstrongerdrivetoavoidfailure.26.WhatisthemainsubjectofthispassageA.Studentgradesincollege.B.Individualmotivationforwork.C.Theachievementneedsofengineeringstudents.D.Successfulinterviewtechniques.27.WhatisinterestingaboutengineeringstudentswhoscorehighinachievementneedsA.Theirgradestendtobehigherthanthoseofotherstudents.B.Theircollegegradesareoftenunusuallygood.C.Theyshowahighaptitudeforcollegework.D.TheyalsoachievehighscoresintheCollegeEntranceExaminationBoardTests.28.Accordingtothepassage,individualswithastrongdrivetosucceed______.A.acceptresponsibilityforthemselvesB.blameothersiftheyfailC.aremotivatedbystimulationfromasupervisorD.pretendedtheyhaventfailedwhentheyhave29.WhatqualitydoemploymentinterviewerslookforincollegeseniorsforexecutivetrainingA.Abilitytoholddownajob.B.Highachievementneeds.C.Capacitytoworkhard.D.Constantaptitudeforwork.30.WhatmotivatessomeseniorstosucceedA.Theyareafraidoffailing.B.Theylikelivingwell.C.Theywanttobecomeexecutives.D.Theywishtodoresearchwork.PassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Itisafavorablethingtolookbackatsomeofthereformswhichhavelongbeenanacceptedpartofourlife,andtoexaminetheopposition,usuallybitterandverystrange,sometimesdishonestbutalltoooftenhonest,whichhadtobecounteredbytherestlessadvocatesofgrandmotherlylaw.Thereformstreatedinthisbookarenotthewellknownmeasuresliketheabolitionofslavery,thereformofParliament,thevoteofwomenwhicharerecordedinthestandardhistorybooks.Herearesomeofthelessfamiliarstruggleswhich,withoneortwoexceptions,socialhistorianshavetendedtodismissbriefly.Yettheseoldcontroversiesgivenolessrevealinganinsightintothemindsofourgrandfathersthandothemajorissuesofthelastcentury.Thepulseofagenerationcanbetakenjustaseffectivelybyconsideringitsattitudestothemarryingofdeadwivessisters,tothefetchingoffathersbeeroreventothesweepingofchimneys.Someofthereformsdealtwithwerecarriedoutwithinlivingmemorynoneisolderthanthenineteenthcentury.Theyhavebeenselectedforthevarietyoftheirbackgroundandforthefertilitystateofbeingfertileandstimulusoftheoppositionagainstthem.Misguidedandcompletelyunreasonablethoughsomeofthisoppositionnowappears,itisdoubtfulwhetheritwillseemanymorepeculiar,onehundredyearshence,thansomeofthereasonsweproducetodayforcontinualhardshipandinjustice.Ourancestorsthoughtitstrangethatwivesshouldwishtokeeptheirownearningsourdescendantsmaybeastonishedatoursystemwhichforcesamantomaintainawoman,sometimesforlife,afterahopelessmarriagehasbeendisrupted.Itislikelythatourdescendantswillderiveasmuchheartlessfunfromthoughtofourdivorcelaws,andthereasonsweusetodefendthem.Theymayalsothinkthattheindifferenceofthenineteenthcenturytodeathandsufferinginthemillswasfullymatchedbythatofthetwentiethcenturytodeathandsufferingonthehighways.31.Theauthorsaysofthereformsthatwetakeforgrantedthat______.A.itisgoodtolookattheargumentsagainstthemB.itisgoodthattheyhavebeenacceptedC.theywerehealthierthanwenowappreciateD.weshouldstudythealternative32.Thetroublewiththepeoplewhowereagainstreformsinthepastwasthat______.A.theywerewellmeaningintoomanycasesB.allofthemweretoofrequentlysincereC.theycouldonlybesuccessfullyopposedbylawyersD.theywerenervous33.Theargumentoverthereforms______.A.wereaboutreformswithmoreimportantresultsthanotherreformsB.concernedreformsequallyasimportantasanyotherreformsC.aremoreinstructivethanotherargumentsD.areinstructiveasregardsthenineteenthcentury34.Asregardsdifferentgenerationsattitudes,perhaps______.A.ourdescendantsoppositiontoreformwillbeasabsurdasoursB.ourancestorsobjectionstoreformwillseemjustifiedtoourdescendantsC.ourcaseagainstreformsisevenmoreblindthanourancestorsD.ourargumentsagainstreformareasunreasonableasourancestors35.Theauthorbelievesthatinthefuturepeoplewillbesurprisedthatinourpresentsociety______.A.menareexpectedtokeeptheirwiveswiththemevenafteramarriagehasbrokendownB.menhavetopaymoneytotheirwivesevenafterseparationC.womendonotsharetheirhusbandsearningsD.womenexpecttobesupportedbytheirmenPARTTWOⅣ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.最佳的最有利的a.o____________37.发射发动v.l__________38.伤残的残疾的a.d______________39.滥用妄用v.a________40.多媒体n.m__________________41.有缺点的有缺陷的a.d________________42.得到获得v.a____________43.促进提升v.p____________44.富裕的丰富的a.w____________45.忠诚忠心n.l____________46.经历忍受v.u____________47.反射反映思考n.r__________________48.令人厌烦的a.b__________49.检查官起诉人n.p__________________50.专家n.s__________________51.种族的a.r__________52.不可避免的必然发生的a.i__________________53.自杀v/n.s____________54.方便的a.c__________________55.典礼仪式礼仪n.c______________Ⅴ.WordForm(10points,1pointforeachitem)56.Peopleoftenassumethatadecisionisan______isolatephenomenon.57.Theremightbeamassiveblackholeatthecenterofourgalaxy______swallowupstarsataveryrapidrate.58.I______tellyouaboutitsometimebefore,butIdontrememberitnow.59.Breadandbutter______bemyfavoritebreakfast.60.Itshightimethatwe______dosomethingtostoppollution.61.The______expandofthefactorymaderoomformoreequipment.62.Factsareterriblethingsif______leavespreadingandunexamined.63.Aswithanything______carrytoexcess,daydreamingcanbeharmful.64.Animalresearchisirrelevanttoourhealthanditcanoftenproduce______misleadresults.65.______salarypeoplewhoearnmorethanafewthousanddollarsmustpayacertainpercentageoftheirsalaries.Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish(15points,3pointsforeachitem)66.我们可以保证把工作做好。67.我们应该意识到儿童接触有关暴力电视节目的危害。68.请不要打断我们的谈话。69.把这些词义的细微差别区分开来确实是件很难办的事。70.我们手头有足够的资料。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese(15points)将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Formostofus,workisthecentral,dominatingfactoflife.Wespendmorethanhalfourconscioushoursatwork,preparingforwork,travellingtoandfromwork.Whatwedotherelargelydeterminesourstandardoflivingandtoaconsiderableextentthestatusweareaccordedbyourfellowcitizensaswell.Itissometimessaidthatbecauseleisurehasbecomemoreimportant,theindignitiesandinjusticesofworkcanbepushedintoacorner,thatbecausemostworkisprettyintolerable,thepeoplewhodoitshouldcompensateforitsboredom,frustrationsandhumiliationsbyconcentratingtheirhopesontheotherpartsoftheirlives.参考答案Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem1.A2.C3.B4.D5.B6.B7.C8.B9.A10.BⅡ.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeachitem11.C12.A13.D14.C15.D16.B17.B18.B19.B20.DⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem21.B22.D23.B24.A25.D26.B27.A28.A29.B30.A31.A32.A33.D34.D35.BⅣ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems36.optimal37.launch38.disabled39.abuse40.multimedia41.defective42.acquire43.promote44.wealthy45.loyalty46.undergo47.reflection48.boring49.prosecutor50.specialist51.racial52.inevitable53.suicide54.convenient55.ceremonyⅤ.WordForm10points,1pointforeachitem56.isolated57.swallowing58.couldhavetold59.is60.did61.expansion62.left63.carried64.misleading65.SalariedⅥ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointsforeachitem66.Wecanensurethattheworkwillbedoneintherightway.67.WeshouldbeawareofthedangersofexposingchildrentoviolenceonTV.68.Pleasedontbreakinonourconversation.69.Itsreallyatoughjobtodistinguishbetweenthesesubtledifferencesofmeaning.70.Wehaveenoughdatainhand.Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points对于我们大多数人来说,工作是生活中主要的、占据着主导地位的一部分。工作、准备工作、上下班花去了我们清醒的时间的一半还多。我们为此做的一切决定了我们的生活水平,在很大程度上也决定了其他人赋予我们的社会地位。有时人们说,现在休闲更重要了,工作中的屈辱和不公可以被放到角落里去,因为大多数工作都让人难以忍受,工作其中的人们应该把希望寄托在其他方面以作为乏味、挫折感或屈辱感的补偿。

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