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英语(二)冲刺8.doc.doc

2005年7月自学考试英语二模拟试题(一)考试吧HTTP//WWWEXAM8COM2005618IVOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE1.THEBANKISREPORTEDINTHELOCALNEWSPAPER______INBROADDAYLIGHTYESTERDAYA.BEINGROBBEDB.HAVINGBEENROBBEDC.TOHAVEBEENROBBEDD.ROBBED解析句型BESAID/REPORTED/THOUGHT/BELIEVEDTODOSTH这句话的意思是据当地地方报纸报道这家银行昨天在光天化日之下被抢劫。TOHAVEBEENROBBED是动词不定式的完成形式,表示动作发生在谓语动作之前。2.______DIFFICULTIESWEMAYCOMEACROSS,WELLHELPONEANOTHERTOOVERCOMETHEMA.WHEREVERB.WHATEVERC.HOWEVERD.WHENEVER解析WHATEVER引导的让步状语从句。这句话的意思是不管我们会遇到什么困难,我们都将互相帮助去克服它们。HOWEVER的后面经常接形容词。3THEEYESNEEDSEVERALMINUTESTO______TOTHEDARKNESSA.ADJUSTB.ADOPTC.APPLYD.DESCEND解析ADJUSTTO适应,使适用;ADOPT接受,采纳;APPLY应用,申请;DESCEND下降,下来;本句的意思是眼睛需要几分钟才能适应黑暗。4.ROBOTSAREPROGRAMMEDTO______MANYJOBSWITHOUTHUMANINTERVENTIONA.TAKEONB.TAKEUPC.TAKEOVERD.TAKEIN解析带有TAKE的词组辨析,TAKEON呈现,承担;TAKEUP占有,从事;TAKEOVER接管,接任;TAKEIN吸收,欺骗。本句话的意思是机器人被设定程序可以在无人干预下接管人的许多工作。5.ITISN’TWHATYOUKNOW______MATTERS,BUTWHOYOUKNOWA.WHICHB.THATC.WHOD.WHY解析条件句句型ITIS被强调的部分THAT。本题的关键是要判断出是强调句。本句的意思是重要的并不是你知道什么,而是你认识谁。6.______,THEBASKETBALLMATCHWILLBERESUMEDONTHURSDAYA.WEATHERPERMITSB.WEATHERPERMITTINGC.WEATHERISPERMITTINGD.WEATHERPERMITTED解析本题的考点分词的独立主格结构。WEATHER是PERMITTING的逻辑主语。这句话的意思是天气允许,篮球赛就在星期四继续进行。7.EUTHANASIADOESN’TTAKEINTO______THATTHEREAREWAYSOFCARINGFORTHEDYINGA.ACCOUNTB.AMOUNTC.ACCESSD.ATTENTION解析词组TAKEINTOACCOUNT把考虑进去;AMOUNT的意思是总数,总额;ACCESS进入之路;通路;入口;本句的意思是安乐死没有考虑到照顾临终的病人有多种方式。8.AFILIPINOMAIDWASEXECUTEDINSINGAPOREAFTERBEINGCONVICTEDOFMURDER,______PROTESTSFROMVARIOUSQUARTERSA.DESPITEB.BESIDESC.WITHOUTD.BEYOND解析DESPITE尽管,不管;BESIDES除了之外,另外;WITHOUT没有;BEYOND除了,超越;本句的意思是一个菲律宾女佣在被判谋杀罪后,在新加坡被处决,尽管有来自各方面的抗议。9.PARENTS,TEACHERSINSCHOOLS,WORKASSOCIATESANDCOMMUNICATORSINORUSINGTHEMASSMEDIAAREALLCAPABLEOF______OURPOTENTIALINTERESTSA.ARISINGB.AROUSINGC.RAISINGD.RISING解析本题的考点是四个词型相近词的词义辨析AROUSE唤醒,引起,激发(及物动词);ARISE产生,发生(不及物动词);RAISE增加,提高,上升(及物动词);RISE上升,上涨(不及物动词)。本句话的意思是父母、学校教师、我们所做的工作以及大众传媒都能激发我们的潜在的兴趣。10.THEPROBLEMOFJETLAGISONEEVERYINTERNATIONALTRAVELERCOMES______ATSOMETIMEA.ALONGB.AROUNDC.ACROSSD.ABOUTⅡCLOZETESTSOMEBOYSJOINTHENAVY海军WHENTHEYAREQUITEYOUNG,ANDARETHENGIVENACOURSEOFTRAININGASSAILORSITISALONGCOURSE,BOTHONLANDANDATSEADURINGIT,THEBOYSSTUDYTHINGSLIKEMATHEMATICSANDSCIENCEASWELLASLEARNINGTOTIEKNOTS(系鞋带),FIREGUNSANDTO11OTHERPRACTICALTHINGSONEOFTHEIMPORTANTTHINGSTHEYARE12IS,OFCOURSE,HOWTOSWIMINTHEOLDDAYS,MANYSAILORSWEREUNABLETOSWIM,13NOWADAYSITISRARETOFINDONETHATCANNOTATONESCHOOLFORSAILORS,THESWIMMINGINSTRUCTORWASVERYGOODHEHADNEVERFAILEDTOTEACHANYBODYTOSWIMBYTHETIMETHECOURSEENDEDONEYEAR,HOWEVER,14WASONEPARTICULARBOYONTHETRAININGCOURSE15SEEMEDQUITEUNABLETOLEARNTOSWIMTHEINSTRUCTORTRIEDGIVINGHIMEXTRALESSONS,BUTHEHAD16SUCCESSATALL,WHATEVERHEDIDINTHEEND,ASTHETIMEDREWNEARFORTHECOURSETOEND,HEHADTOADMITDEFEATONEDAY,HECALLEDTHEBOYASIDEAFTERTHESWIMMINGLESSONANDSAID17HIM“JOHN,IHAVETRIEDVERYHARDTOTEACHYOUTOSWIM,BUTIHAVEFAILED18THEFIRSTTIMEINMYLIFENOW,IWANTTOGIVEYOUAPIECEOF19LISTENCAREFULLY”“YES,SIR,”ANSWEREDTHEBOY“WELL,”THEINSTRUCTORWENTON,“IFYOUAREEVERINASHIPANDITSINKS,JUSTJUMPOVERTHESIDEINTOTHESEA,GORIGHTDOWNTOTHEBOTTOMANDRUNTOTHESHOREAS20ASYOUCANTHATISTHEONLYWAYYOUWILLSAVEYOURLIFE”11A.DOB.TEACHC.FINISHD.WATCH答案A解析根据上下文前面说到孩子们学习数学和科学以及学习怎样系鞋带,因此后面应该是填DO,做其它的一些实践活动。12.ALEARNEDB.STUDIEDC.DONED.TAUGHT答案D[解析]根据上下文判断,这句话的意思是其中最重要的是教给孩子怎样游泳。13.ASINCEB.BUTC.WHEND.BECAUSE答案B[解析]本题是上下文逻辑关系题,根据上下文可以判断出是转折的关系,所以选BUT。14.ATHISB.THATC.THERED.WHAT答案C[解析]THEREBE句型。15.AWHOMB.WHICHC.WHOD.WHAT答案C[解析]本题是逻辑关系题,考查定语从句,这个句子中BOY是先行词,因此用WHO来引导,WHO在定语从句中做主语。16.ASOMEB.NOC.ANYD.NONE答案B[解析]根据上下文可以判断出选NO17.A.WITHB.TOC.IND.FOR答案B[解析]根据上下文可以判断出选TO,SPEAKTO和说话18.AASB.ONC.FORD.OF答案C[解析]本题考点是词组FORTHEFIRSTTIME第一次19.A.NEWSB.ADVICEC.IDEAD.WORD答案B[解析]APIECEOFADVICE一条建议20.A.SLOWB.MUCHC.POSSIBLED.FASTIIIREADINGCOMPREHENSIONPEOPLEWHODESCRIBETHEMSELVESASPERFECTIONISTSMAYDOWELLONJOBINTERVIEWS,BUTNEWSTUDYFINDINGSSUGGESTTHATTHEYMAYSTRUGGLEINMARRIAGEANDOTHERINTIMATERELATIONSHIPSPREVIOUSRESEARCHHASSHOWNTHATCERTAINPERSONALITYTRAITSCANAFFECTACOUPLESABILITYTOADJUSTTOMARRIAGEINTHISSTUDY,ATEAMOFCANADIANRESEARCHERSREPORTTHATAPARTNERSPERFECTIONISMGREATLYINFLUENCESTHEIRANDTHEIRMATE’SADJUSTMENTTOMARRIAGE“THUS,PERFECTIONISMMAYBEWORTHCONSIDERINGINTHECONTEXTOFMARITALANDFAMILYTHERAPY,”WRITEDRPAULLHEWITTOFTHEUNIVERSITYOFBRITISHCOLUMBIAINVANCOUVERANDHISCOLLEAGUESTHEIRSTUDYINVOLVED76COUPLESWHOWEREMARRIEDORHADBEENLIVINGTOGETHERFORNOMORETHANFOURYEARSPERFECTIONISMWASDETERMINEDBYTHEEXTENTTOWHICHTHEMENANDWOMENAGREEDWITHSTATEMENTSSUCHAS,“WHENIAMWORKINGONSOMETHING,ICANNOTRELAXUNTILITISPERFECT”OVERALL,MENANDWOMENWHOIDENTIFIEDTHEIRPARTNERSASPERFECTIONISTS-MEANINGTHEYFELTTHATTHEIRMATESDEMANDEDPERFECTIONFROMTHEMTENDEDTOREPORTGREATERUSEOFSARCASM讽刺,NAGGING唠叨ANDOTHERCONFLICTDRIVENSTRATEGIESTOCOPEWITHTHEIRMARITALPROBLEMS,STUDYFINDINGSINDICATEANDWHENMENUSEDTHESECONFLICTSTRATEGIES,BOTHTHEYANDTHEIRWIVESRATEDMARITALADJUSTMENTINCLUDINGTHEIRSATISFACTIONWITHTHEMARRIAGEANDTHEQUALITYOFTHEIRMARITALINTIMACYLOWERTHANDIDTHEIRPEERS“THISSUGGESTS‘INDIVIDUALS’PERSONALITYTRAITSMAYAFFECTNOTONLYTHEIROWNEXPERIENCEOFTHEMARRIAGE,BUTTHEEXPERIENCEOFTHEIRPARTNERASWELL,”HEWITTANDHISCOLLEAGUESWRITEWHATSMORE,WOMEN,BUTNOTMEN,WHOEXPECTEDPERFECTIONFROMTHEIRMATESALSOSEEMEDUNHAPPYWITHTHERELATIONSHIP,STUDYFINDINGSINDICATETHEYREPORTEDPOORERMARITALFUNCTIONINGTHANDIDWOMENWHODIDNOTHAVESUCHHIGHDEMANDSOFTHEIRPARTNERS“THISFINDINGMAYSUGGESTTHATWOMENWHOEXPECTPERFECTIONFROMTHEIRSPOUSESMAYBEESPECIALLYLIKELYTOBEDISSATISFIED,BECAUSETHEIRSPOUSESWILLINEVITABLYFAILTOMEETTHESEEXPECTATIONS,”THERESEARCHERSSPECULATE21WHATISTRUEABOUTPERFECTIONISTSA.THEYCANPERFORMBETTERINJOBINTERVIEWSB.THEYHAVEDIFFICULTYINGETTINGMARRIEDC.THEYAREUNABLETOENJOYINTIMATERELATIONSHIPSD.THEYFAILTOADJUSTTHEMSELVESWELLTOMARRIAGE答案D解析从第一段中BUTNEWSTUDYFINDINGSSUGGESTTHATTHEYMAYSTRUGGLEINMARRIAGEANDOTHERINTIMATERELATIONSHIPS这个句子和第二段中INTHISSTUDY,ATEAMOFCANADIANRESEARCHERSREPORTTHATAPARTNERSPERFECTIONISMGREATLYINFLUENCESTHEIRANDTHEIRMATESADJUSTMENTTOMARRIAGE因此我们可以判断出答案是D。22.THESTUDYOFDRPAULLANDHISCOLLEAGUESINDICATESTHAT_________A.PERFECTIONISTSSEEMTOBEGOODATCOPINGWITHMARITALPROBLEMSB.PERFECTIONISTSMAYENJOYHIGHERQUALITYOFMARRIAGEC.PERFECTIONISTSWOULDLIKETOEMPLOYCONFLICTDRIVENSTRATEGIESD.PERFECTIONISTSWORKMUCHHARDERTOMAINTAINTHEIRMARRIAGE答案C[解析]本题是细节题,答案应该在第五段中找MENANDWOMENWHOIDENTIFIEDTHEIRPARTNERSASPERFECTIONISTTENDEDTOREPORTGREATERUSEOFSARCASM,NAGGINGANDOTHERCONFLICTDRIVENSTRATEGIESTOCOPEWITHTHEIRMARITALPROBLEMS,STUDYFINDINGSINDICATE23.ITCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEPASSAGETHAT______A.MOSTPERFECTIONISTSAREWOMANWHOAREUNHAPPYWITHTHEIRMARRIAGEB.WOMENWHOHAVEHIGHERDEMANDSOFTHEIRPARTNERSMAYBEDISAPPOINTEDINTHEIRLIFEC.THEMARITALSATISFACTIONISRELATEDTOCHANGESOFTHECOUPLED.INDIVIDUALPERSONALITYWILLNOTAFFECTTHESUCCESSOFMARRIAGE答案B[解析]对配偶要求高的妇女对生活会失望。本题是细节题,答案应该在倒数第二段中找。24.THEBESTTITLEFORTHISPASSAGEWOULDBE______A.PERFECTIONISTSANDTHEIRMARRIAGESB.CONFLICTDRIVENSTRATEGIESINMARRIAGEC.PERFECTIONISMANDPERSONALITYTRAITSD.MARRIAGEADJUSTMENT答案A[解析]本题可以看作是主旨题,本片文章的主要内容是关于完美主义者和他们的婚姻,完美主义者对配偶的要求很高,因而他们对婚姻就容易失望。25.THEAUTHORSATTITUDETOWARDSPERFECTIONISMINTHEPASSAGEIS_________A.DEFENSIVEB.NEUTRALC.APPROVINGD.SATISFIEDⅣREADINGCOMPREHENSIONYEARSAGO,INASMALLFISHINGVILLAGEINHOLLAND,AYOUNGBOYTAUGHTTHEWORLDABOUTTHEREWARDSOFUNSELFISHSERVICEBECAUSETHEENTIREVILLAGEREVOLVEDAROUNDTHEFISHINGINDUSTRY,AVOLUNTEERRESCUETEAMWASNEEDEDINCASESOFEMERGENCYONENIGHTTHEWINDSRAGED,THECLOUDSBURSTANDAGALE(大风)FORCESTORMCAPSIZEDAFISHINGBOATATSEAINTROUBLE,THECREWSENTOUTTHESOSTHECAPTAINOFTHERESCUEROWBOATTEAMSOUNDEDTHEALARMANDTHEVILLAGERSASSEMBLEDINTHETOWNSQUAREOVERLOOKINGTHEBAYWHILETHETEAMLAUNCHEDTHEIRROWBOATANDFOUGHTTHEIRWAYTHROUGHTHEWILDWAVES,THEVILLAGERSWAITEDRESTLESSLYONTHEBEACH,HOLDINGLANTERNSTOLIGHTTHEWAYBACKANHOURLATER,THERESCUEBOATREAPPEAREDTHROUGHTHEFOGANDTHECHEERINGVILLAGERSRANTOGREETTHEMFALLINGEXHAUSTEDONTHESAND,THEVOLUNTEERSREPORTEDTHATTHERESCUEBOATCOULDNOTHOLDANYMOREPASSENGERSANDTHEYHADTOLEAVEONEMANBEHINDEVENONEMOREPASSENGERWOULDHAVESURELYCAPSIZEDTHERESCUEBOATANDALLWOULDHAVEBEENLOSTFRANTICALLY,THECAPTAINCALLEDFORANOTHERVOLUNTEERTEAMTOGOAFTERTHELONESURVIVORSIXTEENYEAROLDHANSSTEPPEDFORWARDHISMOTHERGRABBEDHISARM,PLEADING,“PLEASEDON’TGOYOURFATHERDIEDINASHIPWRECK10YEARSAGOANDYOUROLDERBROTHER,PAUL,HASBEENLOSTATSEAFORTHREEWEEKSHANS,YOUAREALLIHAVELEFT”HANSREPLIED,“MOTHER,THISTIMEIHAVETODOMYDUTYWHENTHECALLFORSERVICECOMES,WEALLNEEDTOTAKEOURTURNANDDOOURPART”HANSKISSEDHISMOTHER,JOINEDTHETEAMANDDISAPPEAREDINTOTHENIGHTANOTHERHOURPASSEDTHERESCUEBOATMOVEDTHROUGHTHEFOGWITHHANSSTANDINGUPINTHEBOWBARELYABLETOCONTAINHIMSELF,HANSEXCITEDLYSHOUTEDATTHECAPTAIN,“WEFOUNDHIMTELLMYMOTHERITSMYOLDERBROTHER,PAUL”26ITCANBEINFERREDFROMTHEFIRSTPARAGRAPHTHAT______A.YEARSAGOASMALLVILLAGEWASALMOSTDAMAGEDBYAGALEFORCESTORMB.ARESCUETEAMWOULDBEOFGREATIMPORTANCETOFISHINGINDUSTRYC.THEFISHINGBOATSWEREALWAYSINVOLVEDINTROUBLEATSEAD.MOSTVILLAGERSWEREVOLUNTEERSOFTHERESCUETEAM答案B[解析]本题是推理题,根据第一段的句子BECAUSETHEENTIREVILLAGEREVOLVEDAROUNDTHEFISHINGINDUSTRY,AVOLUNTEERRESCUETEAMWASNEEDEDINCASESOFEMERGENCY因为这个村子都围绕着捕鱼业,因此需要一个自愿救援队以防紧急情况。根据这个句子我们可以推出救援队对于捕鱼业非常重要。27.THEWORLD“CAPSIZE”INPARAGRAPH1MEANS______A.STRIKEB.CLASHC.UPSETD.DAMAGE答案C[解析]UPSET弄翻,打翻;STRIKE打击,敲打;CLASH冲突;DAMAGE损坏,破坏28.WHATISTRUEINPARAGRAPH2ABOUTTHERESCUETEAMACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEA.ITHADDIFFICULTYINADVANCINGTHROUGHTHEHEAVYFOGB.ITSAVEDALLBUTONEPASSENGERDUETOCAPACITYPROBLEMC.ITASKEDTHEVILLAGERSTOHOLDLANTERNSFORTHEMTOFINDMOREPASSENGERSD.ITORDEREDTHEEXHAUSTEDVOLUNTEERMEMBERSTORESTONTHESAND答案B[解析]本题是细节题,句子第二段第二句话FALLINGEXHAUSTEDONTHESAND,THEVOLUNTEERSREPORTEDTHATTHERESCUEBOATCOULDNOTHOLDANYMOREPASSENGERSANDTHEYHADTOLEAVEONEMANBEHINDEVENONEMOREPASSENGERWOULDHAVESURELYCAPSIZEDTHERESCUEBOATANDALLWOULDHAVEBEENLOST从这个句子得知,救援船不能再装人了,他们只有留下一个人,如果再装一个人的话,整个救援船就会翻过来。因此本题选B,意思是由于容量,除了一人以外,救援船救了所有的人。29.HANSVOLUNTEEREDTOJOINTHERESCUESERVICEBECAUSEHE______A.KNEWTHELONESURVIVORWASPROBABLYHISOLDERBROTHERB.WANTEDTODOSOMETHINGINMEMORYOFHISFATHERC.INTENDEDTOTAKEUPHISRESPONSIBILITYFORTHEVILLAGED.TRIEDTOSHOWHISSUPERIORSWIMMINGSKILL答案C[解析]本题是细节题,文章倒数第二段中有一句话MOTHER,THISTIMEIHAVETODOMYDUTYWHENTHECALLFORSERVICECOMES,WEALLNEEDTOTAKEOURTURNANDDOOURPART”这个句子中“DOMYDUTY和TAKEOURTURNANDDOOURPART”的意思是“做我应该做的事,负起责任来”而选项C中,TAKEUPHISR

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