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英语(二)英语词根.doc.doc

1英语词根PREFIXESAOF;AFRESHADV重新、再ANEWADV重新、再ADOWN朝下AKIN同种的、类似的AON;ABACKADV向后ABED在床上ABLAZEA发光、着火ABOARDADV在国外AFAR遥远地AFLOAT漂浮地,漂浮的AFOOT徒步地AGROUND(船)搁浅AHEAD在之前AHEAD在之前ALIVE活的ALOOFADV)远离,躲开ASLEEP睡着的AWAY在远方AMAKE;加强语气ABIDE遵守ALIGHT由车或马上下来ALIKE相似的ALOUD大声地AMAZE使惊愕ARISE起来,产生AROUSE唤起ASHAMED羞耻的AWAIT等候AWAKE吵醒ATHIRST渴望的AADTOATFORABANDON放弃ABASE贬抑ABATE减少ABRIDGE缩短ACHIEVE完成AMASS积聚AMELIORATE改善、修正AMENABLE顺从的AMOUNT总计AVENGE为报仇AVENUE大街AVOW公开承认AABNOTWITHOUTFROMAWAYAVERT避开,调转AVOCATION副业,嗜好AEXOUTEXTREMELYABASH使羞愧AMEND修正,改善AVOID避免ANEGATIVENOTWITHOUTABYSSS深渊,地狱ACHROMATIC无色的AMAZON亚马逊河AMNESTY大赦,特赦AMORAL非道德的APATHY冷淡,漠不关心APHASIA失语症ASYLUM避难所ASYMMETRY不对称,不均匀ATHEISM无神论ATOM原子ATYPICAL非典型的ABFROMAWAYFROMOFFABAXIAL离开轴的ABDICATE放弃权利,让位ABDUCE使外旋,外展ABDUCT绑架,诱拐ABJECT卑鄙的ABNORMAL变态的,不正常的ABOMINATE痛恨,厌恶ABORTION流产;堕胎ABRADE摩擦,擦伤ABRUPT突然的ABSOLVE赦免ABSORB吸收;使全神贯注ABUSE滥用ABSCESS脓疮,溃疡ABSCOND潜逃;逃亡2ABSTAIN戒绝ABSTRACT提炼;抽象的ABSTRUSE难解的ABUNDANT丰富的ADVANCE前进AVAUNT走开ADTOATFORABBREVIATE缩短ACCEDE允诺ACCELERATE加速ACCOMPLICE从犯ACCOST向人打招呼ACCUMULATE堆积ACCUSTOM使习惯ACKNOWLEDGE承认ACQUIRE获得ADAPT适应ADDICT使沉溺ADHERE粘着ADVENT到来ADVOCATE拥护AFFILIATE联合AFFIRM确认AFFLICT使痛苦AGGRESS侵略ALLOCATE分配APPEND附加APPRAISE评估ASCERTAIN探知ASSERT主张ASSUME假定ATTACH附上ATTAIN达到ACCLIMATE使服水土ALALLALMIGHTY万能的ALMOST差不多,几乎ALONE单独的AMBIONBOTHSIDESABOUTAROUNDAMBIDEXTROUS两手灵巧的AMBIGUOUS含糊的AMBITION雄心AMBIVALENT犹豫不决的AMBIENT周围的AMPHIONBOTHSIDESAROUNDAMPHITHEATER圆形剧场AMPHIBIAN水陆两栖的AMPHIBIOLOGY两栖生物学ANNEGATIVENOTWITHOUTANAEMIA贫血症ANAETHETIC麻醉剂ANARCHY无政府状态ANECDOTE轶事AMBROSIA神的食物ANAUPONONUPANABAPTIST再洗礼派教徒ANACHRONISM时代错误ANALOGY相似,类似ANTEBEFOREANTECEDENT在先的ANTECHAMBER来宾接待室ANTEROOM来宾接待室ANTEDATE提前的日期ANTERIOR前面的ANTICIPATE预期ANCIENT古代的ANCESTOR祖先ANTEDILUVIAN洪水时代以前的ANTIAGAINSTOPPOSITETOANTICOMMUNIST反共的ANTIPATHY反感ANTISEPTIC防腐的ANTITHESIS对照、对比ANTAGONIST敌手ANTARCTIC南极的ANTONYM反义词AUTOSELFAUTOBIOGRAPHY自传AUTOCRACY专制政治AUTOGAMY自体生殖AUTOGENOUS自生的AUTONOMY自治区AUTHENTIC真正的3AUTOINFECTION自身感染AUTONYM真名BETOMAKEBECALM使不动BEFOOL愚弄BEFOUL污染BEFRIEND照顾BEGUILE欺骗BELITTLE贬低,轻视BENUMB使麻木BETROTH许配BETOCOVERWITHBECLOUD蒙蔽BEDEW沾湿BEFOG罩入雾中,迷惑BESTAR布满星星BEUPONBECOMEBEFALL降临,遭遇BEHOLD看BEMOAN悲恸BESET包围BESPEAK预定BEBYBECAUSE因为BEQUEATH遗赠BESIDE在旁BENEWELLGOODBENEDICTION祝祷BENEFACTION恩惠、施惠BENEFACTOR恩人BENEFICENT亲切的、慈善的BENEFICIAL有益的BENEFICIARY收益人BENEFIT有益于BENEVOLENT慈善的BONUS恩惠BIDOUBLETWOBICAMERAL两院制的BILINGUAL双语的BIMONTHLY两个月一次的BIPOLAR两极的BIWEEKLY一周两次的BICYCLE自行车CIRCUMAROUNDROUNDABOUTCIRCUMFERENCE圆周CIRCUMSTANCE环境、情况CIRCUMSPECT慎重的CIRCUIT电路、回路CIRCUMLUNAR环绕月球的CIRCULATE流通,巡回COMTOGETHERWITHWHOLLYCOMBAT战斗COMBINE联合COMFORT安慰COMMEMORATE纪念COMMEND称赞COMMOTION骚动COMMUTE通勤COMPILE编辑COMPOSE组成COALESCE合并、联合COALITION联合COEDUCATION男女合校的教育COERCE强迫COEXIST共存COOPERATE合作COLLABORATE合作COLLAPSE倒塌COLLEAGUE同事COLLIDE碰撞COMBUSTION燃烧CONCEIT自负、自大CONCENTRATE集中、专心CONCLUDE下结论CONCORD和谐、一致CONDESCEND屈尊俯就CONFIGURATION外形CONFRONT使面临CONGLOMERATE聚集CONJUNCTION结合CONSENT同意CONSUME消费CONTAMINATE弄脏、污染CORRELATE使相互关联4CONTRAAGAINSTCONTRADICT否认CONTRARY相反的CONTRAST对比COUNTERACT抵消COUNTERPART相对的人或物DEDOWNDOWNWARDDECAPITATE斩首DECAY腐烂DECEASE死亡DECEIVE欺骗DECIPHER译(密码)DECLARE宣告DEDUCE演绎、推论DEFECT缺点DEFER服从DEFORM使残废DELIBERATE考虑DELINQUENCY过失、犯罪DEMERIT过失、短处DEMOLISH推翻、毁坏DEMONSTRATE证明DEPICT描写DERIVE获得DESPISE蔑视DETAIL详述DETAIN使延迟DEVASTATE使荒废、毁灭DEVOUR毁灭DEAPARTFROMDECODE译解DEFER延缓DEFICIT赤字DEFROST去冰或霜DEHYDRATE脱水DETACH派遣、分离DISAPARTAWAYDISADVANTAGE不利DISAGREE不同意DISAPPROVE不赞成DISBELIEVE不信、怀疑DISCARD抛弃DISCERN辨认DISCONTINUE中止DISCORD不一致DISCOURAGE使气馁DISCREET言行谨慎DISCREPANCY矛盾、不一致DISCRETE个别的、不连续的DISCRIMINATE歧视DISFAVOR不赞成DISGUISE伪装DISGUST厌恶DISINTEGRATE使分解DISPLAY展示DISREGARD忽视、不理睬DISSOLVE溶解、解散DISTRIBUTE分配DESSERT甜点DIGEST消化、融会DIMENSION尺寸、规模DIMINISH减少DIFFIDENT缺乏自信的ENININTOONATNEARMAKEENACT制定为法律ENCLOSE围绕ENCOMPASS围绕、包含ENCOUNTER对抗ENCOURAGE鼓励ENCROACH侵占ENDEAVOR努力ENLARGE扩大ENLIGHTEN启迪ENLIST使入伍ENRAGE激怒ENRICH使丰裕ENTITLE使有资格ENTRUST委托ENVIRONMENT环境EMBED埋入,深留EMBRACE拥抱EMPOWER授权EXOUTOFFULLYEXACT正确EXAGGERATE夸大EXASPERATE激怒EXCEED超越EXCEL优于、胜过EXCERPT摘录EXCLUDE拒绝、除外EXECUTE实现EXEMPT免除EXERT施行、运用EXHAUST用尽EXHIBIT陈列EXHILARATE使兴高采烈EXIT出口EXOTIC外国的EXPAND扩张、膨胀EXPECT期望EXPEL驱逐EXPIRE期满EXPLICIT明确的EXPOSE暴露EXTERIOR外面的EXTERNAL外部的EXTINGUISH熄灭EXTRINSIC外在的EMANCIPATE解放EXTRABEYOND5EXTRAORDINARY特别的EXTREME极端的EXTREMITY极端FOREBEFOREFOREARM前臂FOREBEAR祖先,祖宗FOREFATHER祖先,祖宗FOREFINGER食指FOREGOING在前的,前述的FOREGROUND前景,最显著的位置FOREHEAD前额FOREMAN领班,工头FOREMOST最先的,最初的,最重要的FORESEE预见,预知FORETELL预言,预示,预测FOREWORD前言,序HYPERABOVEBEYONDHYPERACTIVE极度活跃的HYPERCRITICISM苛求HYPERINFLATION恶性通货膨胀HYPERMILITANT极度好战的HYPERSENSITIVE感觉过敏的HYPOUNDER与HYPER相反HYPOCRISY伪善HYPOTHESIS假设INININTOONINBORN天生的,生来的INCENTIVE动机INCEPTIVE起初的,开端的INCIDENT事件,事变INCLUDE包括,包含INCOME收入,收益INCREASE增加,增大,增长INCUR招致INDOOR户内的,室内的INDUCE劝诱,促使,导致INDULGE纵容INFECT传染,感染INFILTRATE渗透INFLAME燃烧INFLATE使通货膨胀,使充气INFRINGE侵犯,违反INFURIATE激怒INFUSE灌输,注入INGRAINED根深蒂固的INHALE吸入INHERIT继承INHIBIT抑制,约束INJECT注射,注入INLET入口,小港INNATE先天的,天生的INNOVATE改革,创新INQUIRE询问,问明,查究INSCRIBE记下INSECT昆虫INSERT插入,嵌入INSIGHT洞察力,见识INSPECT检查,视察INTAKE入口INTOXICATE使陶醉,醉人INTRIGUE阴谋,诡计INTUITION直觉INVADE侵略,侵袭INVEST投资INVOLVE包括,使陷于ILLUMINATE照明,阐明ILLUSION幻想ILLUSTRATE举例说明,图解IMMERGE浸入,浸没IMMIGRATE使移居入境IMPAIR削弱IMPART传授,告知IMPEDIMENT妨碍,阻碍IMPINGE撞击IMPOVERISH使贫穷IMPRINT留下烙印IRRIGATE灌溉INTERBETWEENAMONGINTERCEPT中途阻止,截取INTERCHANGE相互交换INTERFERE干涉,干预INTERFUSE使混入,使混合INTERMINGLE混合INTERNATIONAL国际的,世界的INTERPLAY相互影响INTERPRET解释,口译INTERRUPT中断,插嘴INTERSECT横断INTERSTELLAR星际的INTERVENE干涉,干预INTERVAL间隔,距离INTERWEAVE使交织INTRA/INTROWITHININWARDINTRAPERSONAL内心的INTRASCHOOL校内的INTROSPECT内省,内观INTROVERT性格内向的人MACROLARGELONGMACROECONOMICS宏观经济学MACROMETEOROLOGY宏观气象学MICROSMALLMICROBIOLOGY微生物学MICROECONOMICS微观经济学MICROMETEOROLOGY微观气象学MICROPHONE麦克风MICROSCOPE显微镜NEONEW6NEOCLASSICISM新古典主义NEOCOLONIALISM新殖民主义NEOFASCISM新纳粹主义NEOROMANTICISM新浪漫主义OUTOUTBEYONDOUTBREAK爆发OUTCOME结果OUTCRY叫喊OUTFLOW流出OUTLOOK展望OUTPOUR流出OUTGROW生长速度超过OUTLANDISH异国风味的OUTLINE外形、轮廓OUTLIVE生存得比更长OUTNUMBER数目超过OUTPACE追过OUTRAGE暴行OUTWIT比机智OVERABOVEACROSSBEYONDOVERACT动作过度OVERBRIDGE/OVERPASS天桥OVERBURDEN使负担过重OVERCOAT大衣OVERCOME击败、压倒OVERCREDULOUS过度轻信的OVERCROWD过度拥挤OVEREAT吃得过多OVERESTIMATE高估OVERFLOW溢出、泛滥OVERLAP部分重迭OVERSEAS海外的OVERTAKE赶上OVERTHROW推翻OVERTURN推翻OVERWHELM压倒PARABESIDEBEYONDAGAINSTCONTRARYPARABLE比喻、寓言PARACHUTE降落伞PARAGRAPH段落PARALLEL平行PARALYZE使麻痹PARAMOUNT最高的、卓越的PERTHROUGHTHOROUGHLYAWAYPERCEIVE感觉、知觉PERENNIAL永久的PERFECT完美的PERFORM实行、履行PERISH毁灭PERMANENT永久的PERMEATE渗透、普遍PERMIT许可PERPETUAL永远的PERPLEX使困扰PERSIST持久PERSPECTIVE远景、视角PERSUADE说服PERVADE遍及、弥漫POSTAFTERBEHINDPOSTDOCTORAL博士后的POSTERIOR后部的POSTERITY子孙POSTGRADUATE研究生POSTPONE推迟POSTSCRIPT附笔PREBEFOREPRECAUTION预防PRECEDE在前PRECLUDE阻止PREDECESSOR前任PREDICT预言PREFACE前言PREFER较喜欢PREGNANT怀孕的PREJUDICE偏见PRELIMINARY准备的PREMATURE未成熟的PREMIUM奖金PREOCCUPY使凝神于PREPARE准备PREREQUISITE首要的事物PRESCRIBE规定PRESENT现在的PRESERVE保存PRESIDE主持(会议)PRESUME假定PRETEND假装PREVAIL盛行PREVENT妨碍、防止PREVIEW预习PREVIOUS先前的REAGAINBACKREBEL谋反RECALL召回、号召RECEDE后退、撤回RECITE背诵RECLAIM教化、纠正RECONCILE和解、调停RECORD记录RECREATION娱乐RECRUIT招募REDUCE减少REDUNDANT多余的、冗赘的REFER参考REFLECT反映REFRACTION折射REFRESH使爽快REFRIGERATOR冰箱REFUGE避难REHEARSE预演、排练7REINFORCE增强REJECT拒绝RELAX放松RELEVANT有关的RELIEVE减轻RELUCTANT勉强的REMEDY治疗REMORSE悔恨RENAISSANCE文艺复兴RENEW更新RENOUNCE放弃REPEAT重复REPEL拒绝、排斥REPLY答复RESEMBLE相似RESTORE恢复RESUME重新开始RETARD阻碍、妨碍RETORT反击、反驳REVENUE总收入REVISE校订、修正REVIVE振兴RETROBACKWARDRETROSPECT回顾SEAWAYAPARTSECEDE脱离、退出SECRET秘密的SECRETE分泌SEDUCE引诱SEGREGATE分离、隔离SELECT选择SEPARATE分离STEPORPHANEDSTEPBROTHER同父异母或同母异父的哥哥或弟弟STEPCHILD前夫或前妻所生子女STEPDAUGHTER继女,过继的女儿STEPFATHER继父STEPMOTHER继母STEPPARENT继父母STEPSISTER异父(母)姐妹STEPSON继子SUBUNDERSUBCONSCIOUS潜意识的SUBJECT使服从SUBLIME庄严的SUBMARINE潜水艇SUBMERGE淹没SUBMIT屈服于SUBSCRIBE签名、捐助SUBSTANCE物质SUBSTITUTE代替SUBTITLE副标题、字幕SUBWAY地铁SUCCEED继承SUCCINCT简洁的SUFFER忍受SUFFICE足够SUFFOCATE使窒息SUGGEST提出SUMMON传招、召集SUPPORT支持SUPPRESS镇压SUSCEPTIBLE易受影响的SUSPECT怀疑SUSTAIN供应、维持SUPERABOVEOVERSUPERABUNDANT过多的SUPERB豪华的、有余的SUPERCILIOUS自大的SUPERFICIAL表面的、肤浅的SUPERINTEND监督、管理SUPERIOR较好的SUPERNATURAL超自然的SUPERSONIC超音速的SUPERSTITION迷信SUPERVISE监督SUPREME最高的SUPREMACY最高SOVEREIGN主权的SURFACE表面SURMOUNT战胜、爬越SURNAME姓SURPASS超越SURPLUS过剩的SURRENDER屈服SURROUND包围SURVEY考察SURVIVE生存SYNWITHTOGETHERSYNCHRONISM同时发生SYNDICATE财团SYNONYM同义字SYNTAX句法SYNTHESIS综合,合成SYSTEM系统,体系SYLLABLE音节SYMBOL符号,记号,象征SYMPATHY同情,同情心SYMPHONY交响乐,交响曲SYMPOSIUM讨论会,座谈会SYMPTOM症状,征兆TELEFAROFFTELECOMMUNICATION通讯TELEGRAM电报TELEGRAPH电报8TELEPHONE电话TELESCOPE望远镜TELEVISION电视TRANSBEYONDACROSSOVERTRANSACTION办理,交易TRANSFER转移,传递TRANSFORM转换TRANSLATE翻译,解释TRANSMIT传输,转送TRANSPARENT透明的,明晰的TRANSPORT传送,运输TRADITION传统,惯例TRAITOR叛逆者,叛国者TRANQUIL安静的TRANSCEND超越,胜过TRESPASS侵入WITHAGAINSTBACKWITHDRAW收回,撤消WITHHOLD使停止,抑制WITHSTAND抵挡,经受住SUFFIX–ANTASSISTANT助手,助教DESCENDANT子孙,后代EMIGRANT移民IMMIGRANT移民,侨民INHABITANT居民,居住者SERVANT仆人TENANT承租人,房客–EECOMMITTEE委员会EMPLOYEE职工,雇员EXAMINEE投考者,应试者NOMINEE被提名的人,被任命者TRAINEE练习生,新兵–EERAUCTIONEER拍卖人–ENTAGENT代理商CORRESPONDENT通讯记者OPPONENT对手,反对者PRESIDENT总统,校长RESIDENT居民STUDENT学生,研究者,学者–ERBAKER面包师COMMANDER司令官,指挥官CUSTOMER消费者GARDENER园丁LEADER领导者MANUFACTURER制造商MARINER水手MURDERER杀人犯,凶手OWNER所有者,业主PHILOSOPHER哲学家,哲人PRISONER囚犯PRODUCER生产者–ESSACTRESS女演员EMPRESS皇后HOSTESS女主人PRINCESS公主STEWARDESS女乘务员–ISTCOMMUNIST共产主义者DOGMATIST武断的人NOVELIST长篇小说家SPECIALIST专家TOURIST旅行者,旅游者TYPIST打字员VIOLINIST小提琴演奏者–ISMASMANTAGONISM对抗状态BUDDHISM佛教COMMUNISM共产主义EXISTENTIALISM存在主义EXOTICISM异国情调HEROISM英雄主义MARXISM马克思主义OPTIMISM乐观主义PESSIMISM悲观主义ENTHUSIASM热心,积极性–ITUDEALTITUDE高度APTITUDE恰当,智能FORTITUDE坚韧GRATITUDE感谢LATITUDE纬度MAGNITUDE大小,数量,量级MULTITUDE多数SOLITUDE孤独–ABLEIBLE9AMENABLEAVAILABLECHANGEABLEDESIRABLEIMPONDERABLEIRRITABLENOTICEABLEREASONABLEUNFORGETTABLECONTEMPTIBLEHORRIBLEINCREDIBLENEGLIGIBLE–EDAGEDBEARDEDCROWNEDCULTUREDGIFTEDMONEYEDTALENTED–FULDREADFULFRUITFULGRACEFULMERCIFULMOURNFULREGRETFULSCORNFULSHAMEFULTHOUGHTFUL–ICACADEMICANGELICARCTICATHLETICDIPLOMATICDOMESTICEMPHATICEXOTICFANTASTICGIGANTICIDIOTICLUNATICPATRIOTICSCENIC–ISHBOOKISHBROWNISHCHILDISHFEVERISHSELFISHYELLOWISHBLUISHGREENISHREDDISH–OUSENVIOUSFURIOUSGLORIOUSGORGEOUSINDUSTRIOUSLABORIOUSPERILOUSRIGHTEOUSSPACIOUSSTRENUOUSTREMULOUSVICIOUSVIRTUOUS–PROOFBOMBPROOFBULLETPROOFFIREPROOFFOOLPROOFRAINPROOFSOUNDPROOFWATERPROOFWEATHERPROOF–SOMEBURDENSOMEIRKSOMEMEDDLESOMEQUARRELSOMETIRESOMETROUBLESOMEWEARISOMEWHOLESOME–ENDARKENFASTENHASTENHEIGHTENLENGTHENMOISTENREDDENSHARPENSTRENGTHENTHREATENWEAKENWORSEN–ESCE表动作开始或正在进行COALESCEOBSOLESCE–FYCLASSIFYEDIFYFORTIFYFRUCTIFYIDENTIFYJUSTIFYLIQUEFYNULLIFYPERSONIFYPURIFYQUALIFYSATISFYSIGNIFYSIMPLIFYSTUPEFY–ISHADMONISHBANISHBLUSHCHER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