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英语(二)英语词根.doc.doc

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英语(二)英语词根.doc.doc

1英语词根PREFIXESaofafreshadv.重新、再anewadv.重新、再adown朝下akin同种的、类似的aonabackadv.向后abed在床上ablazea.发光、着火aboardadv.在国外afar遥远地afloat漂浮地,漂浮的afoot徒步地aground(船)搁浅ahead在之前ahead在之前alive活的aloofadv.)远离,躲开asleep睡着的away在远方amake加强语气abide遵守alight由车或马上下来alike相似的aloud大声地amaze使惊愕arise起来,产生arouse唤起ashamed羞耻的await等候awake吵醒athirst渴望的aadtoatforabandon放弃abase贬抑abate减少abridge缩短achieve完成amass积聚ameliorate改善、修正amenable顺从的amount总计avenge为报仇avenue大街avow公开承认aabnotwithoutfromawayavert避开,调转avocation副业,嗜好aexoutextremelyabash使羞愧amend修正,改善avoid避免anegativenotwithoutabysss深渊,地狱achromatic无色的Amazon亚马逊河amnesty大赦,特赦amoral非道德的apathy冷淡,漠不关心aphasia失语症asylum避难所asymmetry不对称,不均匀atheism无神论atom原子atypical非典型的abfromawayfromoffabaxial离开轴的abdicate放弃权利,让位abduce使外旋,外展abduct绑架,诱拐abject卑鄙的abnormal变态的,不正常的abominate痛恨,厌恶abortion流产堕胎abrade摩擦,擦伤abrupt突然的absolve赦免absorb吸收使全神贯注abuse滥用abscess脓疮,溃疡abscond潜逃逃亡2abstain戒绝abstract提炼抽象的abstruse难解的abundant丰富的advance前进avaunt走开adtoatforabbreviate缩短accede允诺accelerate加速accomplice从犯accost向人打招呼accumulate堆积accustom使习惯acknowledge承认acquire获得adapt适应addict使沉溺adhere粘着advent到来advocate拥护affiliate联合affirm确认afflict使痛苦aggress侵略allocate分配append附加appraise评估ascertain探知assert主张assume假定attach附上attain达到acclimate使服水土alallalmighty万能的almost差不多,几乎alone单独的ambionbothsidesaboutaroundambidextrous两手灵巧的ambiguous含糊的ambition雄心ambivalent犹豫不决的ambient周围的amphionbothsidesaroundamphitheater圆形剧场amphibian水陆两栖的amphibiology两栖生物学annegativenotwithoutanaemia贫血症anaethetic麻醉剂anarchy无政府状态anecdote轶事ambrosia神的食物anaupononupanabaptist再洗礼派教徒anachronism时代错误analogy相似,类似antebeforeantecedent在先的antechamber来宾接待室anteroom来宾接待室antedate提前的日期anterior前面的anticipate预期ancient古代的ancestor祖先antediluvian洪水时代以前的antiagainstoppositetoanticommunist反共的antipathy反感antiseptic防腐的antithesis对照、对比antagonist敌手Antarctic南极的antonym反义词autoselfautobiography自传autocracy专制政治autogamy自体生殖autogenous自生的autonomy自治区authentic真正的3autoinfection自身感染autonym真名betomakebecalm使不动befool愚弄befoul污染befriend照顾beguile欺骗belittle贬低,轻视benumb使麻木betroth许配betocoverwithbecloud蒙蔽bedew沾湿befog罩入雾中,迷惑bestar布满星星beuponbecomebefall降临,遭遇behold看bemoan悲恸beset包围bespeak预定bebybecause因为bequeath遗赠beside在旁benewellgoodbenediction祝祷benefaction恩惠、施惠benefactor恩人beneficent亲切的、慈善的beneficial有益的beneficiary收益人benefit有益于benevolent慈善的bonus恩惠bidoubletwobicameral两院制的bilingual双语的bimonthly两个月一次的bipolar两极的biweekly一周两次的bicycle自行车circumaroundroundaboutcircumference圆周circumstance环境、情况circumspect慎重的circuit电路、回路circumlunar环绕月球的circulate流通,巡回comtogetherwithwhollycombat战斗combine联合comfort安慰commemorate纪念commend称赞commotion骚动commute通勤compile编辑compose组成coalesce合并、联合coalition联合coeducation男女合校的教育coerce强迫coexist共存cooperate合作collaborate合作collapse倒塌colleague同事collide碰撞combustion燃烧conceit自负、自大concentrate集中、专心conclude下结论concord和谐、一致condescend屈尊俯就configuration外形confront使面临conglomerate聚集conjunction结合consent同意consume消费contaminate弄脏、污染correlate使相互关联4contraagainstcontradict否认contrary相反的contrast对比counteract抵消counterpart相对的人或物dedowndownwarddecapitate斩首decay腐烂decease死亡deceive欺骗decipher译(密码)declare宣告deduce演绎、推论defect缺点defer服从deform使残废deliberate考虑delinquency过失、犯罪demerit过失、短处demolish推翻、毁坏demonstrate证明depict描写derive获得despise蔑视detail详述detain使延迟devastate使荒废、毁灭devour毁灭deapartfromdecode译解defer延缓deficit赤字defrost去冰或霜dehydrate脱水detach派遣、分离disapartawaydisadvantage不利disagree不同意disapprove不赞成disbelieve不信、怀疑discard抛弃discern辨认discontinue中止discord不一致discourage使气馁discreet言行谨慎discrepancy矛盾、不一致discrete个别的、不连续的discriminate歧视disfavor不赞成disguise伪装disgust厌恶disintegrate使分解display展示disregard忽视、不理睬dissolve溶解、解散distribute分配dessert甜点digest消化、融会dimension尺寸、规模diminish减少diffident缺乏自信的eninintoonatnearmakeenact制定为法律enclose围绕encompass围绕、包含encounter对抗encourage鼓励encroach侵占endeavor努力enlarge扩大enlighten启迪enlist使入伍enrage激怒enrich使丰裕entitle使有资格entrust委托environment环境embed埋入,深留embrace拥抱empower授权exoutoffullyexact正确exaggerate夸大exasperate激怒exceed超越excel优于、胜过excerpt摘录exclude拒绝、除外execute实现exempt免除exert施行、运用exhaust用尽exhibit陈列exhilarate使兴高采烈exit出口exotic外国的expand扩张、膨胀expect期望expel驱逐expire期满explicit明确的expose暴露exterior外面的external外部的extinguish熄灭extrinsic外在的emancipate解放extrabeyond5extraordinary特别的extreme极端的extremity极端forebeforeforearm前臂forebear祖先,祖宗forefather祖先,祖宗forefinger食指foregoing在前的,前述的foreground前景,最显著的位置forehead前额foreman领班,工头foremost最先的,最初的,最重要的foresee预见,预知foretell预言,预示,预测foreword前言,序hyperabovebeyondhyperactive极度活跃的hypercriticism苛求hyperinflation恶性通货膨胀hypermilitant极度好战的hypersensitive感觉过敏的hypounder与hyper相反hypocrisy伪善hypothesis假设ininintooninborn天生的,生来的incentive动机inceptive起初的,开端的incident事件,事变include包括,包含income收入,收益increase增加,增大,增长incur招致indoor户内的,室内的induce劝诱,促使,导致indulge纵容infect传染,感染infiltrate渗透inflame燃烧inflate使通货膨胀,使充气infringe侵犯,违反infuriate激怒infuse灌输,注入ingrained根深蒂固的inhale吸入inherit继承inhibit抑制,约束inject注射,注入inlet入口,小港innate先天的,天生的innovate改革,创新inquire询问,问明,查究inscribe记下insect昆虫insert插入,嵌入insight洞察力,见识inspect检查,视察intake入口intoxicate使陶醉,醉人intrigue阴谋,诡计intuition直觉invade侵略,侵袭invest投资involve包括,使陷于illuminate照明,阐明illusion幻想illustrate举例说明,图解immerge浸入,浸没immigrate使移居入境impair削弱impart传授,告知impediment妨碍,阻碍impinge撞击impoverish使贫穷imprint留下烙印irrigate灌溉interbetweenamongintercept中途阻止,截取interchange相互交换interfere干涉,干预interfuse使混入,使混合intermingle混合international国际的,世界的interplay相互影响interpret解释,口译interrupt中断,插嘴intersect横断interstellar星际的intervene干涉,干预interval间隔,距离interweave使交织intra/introwithininwardintrapersonal内心的intraschool校内的introspect内省,内观introvert性格内向的人macrolargelongmacroeconomics宏观经济学macrometeorology宏观气象学microsmallmicrobiology微生物学microeconomics微观经济学micrometeorology微观气象学microphone麦克风microscope显微镜neonew6neoclassicism新古典主义neocolonialism新殖民主义neofascism新纳粹主义neoromanticism新浪漫主义outoutbeyondoutbreak爆发outcome结果outcry叫喊outflow流出outlook展望outpour流出outgrow生长速度超过outlandish异国风味的outline外形、轮廓outlive生存得比更长outnumber数目超过outpace追过outrage暴行outwit比机智overaboveacrossbeyondoveract动作过度overbridge/overpass天桥overburden使负担过重overcoat大衣overcome击败、压倒overcredulous过度轻信的overcrowd过度拥挤overeat吃得过多overestimate高估overflow溢出、泛滥overlap部分重迭overseas海外的overtake赶上overthrow推翻overturn推翻overwhelm压倒parabesidebeyondagainstcontraryparable比喻、寓言parachute降落伞paragraph段落parallel平行paralyze使麻痹paramount最高的、卓越的perthroughthoroughlyawayperceive感觉、知觉perennial永久的perfect完美的perform实行、履行perish毁灭permanent永久的permeate渗透、普遍permit许可perpetual永远的perplex使困扰persist持久perspective远景、视角persuade说服pervade遍及、弥漫postafterbehindpostdoctoral博士后的posterior后部的posterity子孙postgraduate研究生postpone推迟postscript附笔prebeforeprecaution预防precede在前preclude阻止predecessor前任predict预言preface前言prefer较喜欢pregnant怀孕的prejudice偏见preliminary准备的premature未成熟的premium奖金preoccupy使凝神于prepare准备prerequisite首要的事物prescribe规定present现在的preserve保存preside主持(会议)presume假定pretend假装prevail盛行prevent妨碍、防止preview预习previous先前的reagainbackrebel谋反recall召回、号召recede后退、撤回recite背诵reclaim教化、纠正reconcile和解、调停record记录recreation娱乐recruit招募reduce减少redundant多余的、冗赘的refer参考reflect反映refraction折射refresh使爽快refrigerator冰箱refuge避难rehearse预演、排练7reinforce增强reject拒绝relax放松relevant有关的relieve减轻reluctant勉强的remedy治疗remorse悔恨Renaissance文艺复兴renew更新renounce放弃repeat重复repel拒绝、排斥reply答复resemble相似restore恢复resume重新开始retard阻碍、妨碍retort反击、反驳revenue总收入revise校订、修正revive振兴retrobackwardretrospect回顾seawayapartsecede脱离、退出secret秘密的secrete分泌seduce引诱segregate分离、隔离select选择separate分离steporphanedstepbrother同父异母或同母异父的哥哥或弟弟stepchild前夫或前妻所生子女stepdaughter继女,过继的女儿stepfather继父stepmother继母stepparent继父母stepsister异父(母)姐妹stepson继子subundersubconscious潜意识的subject使服从sublime庄严的submarine潜水艇submerge淹没submit屈服于subscribe签名、捐助substance物质substitute代替subtitle副标题、字幕subway地铁succeed继承succinct简洁的suffer忍受suffice足够suffocate使窒息suggest提出summon传招、召集support支持suppress镇压susceptible易受影响的suspect怀疑sustain供应、维持superaboveoversuperabundant过多的superb豪华的、有余的supercilious自大的superficial表面的、肤浅的superintend监督、管理superior较好的supernatural超自然的supersonic超音速的superstition迷信supervise监督supreme最高的supremacy最高sovereign主权的surface表面surmount战胜、爬越surname姓surpass超越surplus过剩的surrender屈服surround包围survey考察survive生存synwithtogethersynchronism同时发生syndicate财团synonym同义字syntax句法synthesis综合,合成system系统,体系syllable音节symbol符号,记号,象征sympathy同情,同情心symphony交响乐,交响曲symposium讨论会,座谈会symptom症状,征兆telefarofftelecommunication通讯telegram电报telegraph电报8telephone电话telescope望远镜television电视transbeyondacrossovertransaction办理,交易transfer转移,传递transform转换translate翻译,解释transmit传输,转送transparent透明的,明晰的transport传送,运输tradition传统,惯例traitor叛逆者,叛国者tranquil安静的transcend超越,胜过trespass侵入withagainstbackwithdraw收回,撤消withhold使停止,抑制withstand抵挡,经受住SUFFIX–antassistant助手,助教descendant子孙,后代emigrant移民immigrant移民,侨民inhabitant居民,居住者servant仆人tenant承租人,房客–eecommittee委员会employee职工,雇员examinee投考者,应试者nominee被提名的人,被任命者trainee练习生,新兵–eerauctioneer拍卖人–entagent代理商correspondent通讯记者opponent对手,反对者president总统,校长resident居民student学生,研究者,学者–erbaker面包师commander司令官,指挥官customer消费者gardener园丁leader领导者manufacturer制造商mariner水手murderer杀人犯,凶手owner所有者,业主philosopher哲学家,哲人prisoner囚犯producer生产者–essactress女演员empress皇后hostess女主人princess公主stewardess女乘务员–istcommunist共产主义者dogmatist武断的人novelist长篇小说家specialist专家tourist旅行者,旅游者typist打字员violinist小提琴演奏者–ismasmantagonism对抗状态Buddhism佛教communism共产主义existentialism存在主义exoticism异国情调heroism英雄主义Marxism马克思主义optimism乐观主义pessimism悲观主义enthusiasm热心,积极性–itudealtitude高度aptitude恰当,智能fortitude坚韧gratitude感谢latitude纬度magnitude大小,数量,量级multitude多数solitude孤独–ableible9amenableavailablechangeabledesirableimponderableirritablenoticeablereasonableunforgettablecontemptiblehorribleincrediblenegligible–edagedbeardedcrownedculturedgiftedmoneyedtalented–fuldreadfulfruitfulgracefulmercifulmournfulregretfulscornfulshamefulthoughtful–icacademicangelicarcticathleticdiplomaticdomesticemphaticexoticfantasticgiganticidioticlunaticpatrioticscenic–ishbookishbrownishchildishfeverishselfishyellowishbluishgreenishreddish–ousenviousfuriousgloriousgorgeousindustriouslaboriousperilousrighteousspaciousstrenuoustremulousviciousvirtuous–proofbombproofbulletprooffireprooffoolproofrainproofsoundproofwaterproofweatherproof–someburdensomeirksomemeddlesomequarrelsometiresometroublesomewearisomewholesome–endarkenfastenhastenheightenlengthenmoistenreddensharpenstrengthenthreatenweakenworsen–esce表动作开始或正在进行coalesceobsolesce–fyclassifyedifyfortifyfructifyidentifyjustifyliquefynullifypersonifypurifyqualifysatisfysignifysimplifystupefy–ishadmonishbanishblushcherishdemolishdiminishflourishfurnishlanguishpunish–ize/isecivilizedramatizegeneralizeorganizespecializesymbolizeutilizevicimize–lechuckledazzlesparklesprinklestartletwinkleRootacttoact在行动activate刺激,使活动activation活化,激活activator催化剂,触媒剂actual实际的,真实的actuality实在,现状actualize实现,实施actuate开动,促使enact制定法律,颁布enactment设定,制定inaction无行动,不活动,无为,怠惰inactive无行动的,

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