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英语学习资料(第二学期).doc.doc

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英语学习资料(第二学期).doc.doc

英语学习资料(第二期)一、词汇,语法budget预算,为作出安排charge向收费,要价restless烦躁的,不安静的abrupt粗鲁的,无礼的interaction交流,相互作用,相互影响leisure空闲,闲暇surroundings周围的事物,环境probe调查,探究consequently因此,所以device方法,手段,器械,装置significance重要性obtain获得,得到efficient效率高的fulfill履行,完成presence在场,出席promising有前途的,有希望的session一段时间gratitude感激,谢意massive严重的fatigue使疲劳indifferent漠不关心tosbshift转移,变换assert声称passion激情,热情bond联系,纽带identical完全一样的volunteer自愿nourish滋养。给营养objection反对,异议spectacular壮观的,引人入胜的fancy别致的resist忍住,抗拒weep哭泣grateful感激的,感谢的noticeable显而易见的reunion团聚slim苗条的drag抽烟starve使缺乏weaken变弱battered受虐待的shelter避难所语法fallbehind落在后面workat致力于,从事pourinto大量投入dueto由于nextto靠近insbspresence有某人在场bynomeans决不counton依靠,指望ononeoccasion有一次withoutfail必定,总是aslongas假如,如果,只要befreetodosth随意做某事rightaway立即,马上morethan十分bethankfulfor对心存感激pickup拿起,兴起begratefulfor感激,为致谢bedressedin穿着coupledwith加上diefrom死于directat对准,针对starvesbofsth使缺乏,使得不到bewastedonsb被浪费在某人身上ifonly但愿atalow处于低水平bemeanttodosth应该做某事readofyfgconlyto不料,反而,结果却inthelongrun从长远来看sendin派(人)去二、选词填空1.Juliansayshehopestogetajobandfindawaytoobtainacollegeeducation.2.Thecompanyisconductingasurveytofindoutlocalreactiontotheirrecentlypromotedproduct.3.Thediscoveryoftheoilfieldisofgreatsignificancetotheeconomyinthisregion.4.IwouldliketofindajobinanpromisingcompanyafterIgraduate.5.Themothercouldnthelplaughingatherlittleboysamusingappearance.6.Thetallmanloweredhisheadsothathecouldentertheroom.7.Thoughtheplandidntworkwell,hepersistedinfollowingit.8.Shoulditbeafailure,asmanyexpertspredict,itwouldrankasoneoftheworstmanmadedisasters.9.Dontswearatothersinanysituationnomatterhowangryyouare.10.Itisreallyunfairthattheshedidntgetpromotedjustbecauseofherskincolor11.Shewasverygladtoseethepresenceofmanyoldfriendsatherbirthdayparty.12.WhyareyoufrowningallthetimeTrytolookhappy13.Icannottelltheexactnumberapproximately100studentswillbepresentedwithmedalsasrecognitionoftheirexcellence.14.Themanagementforbidtheirworkersfromacceptingtipsfromcustomers.15.ThepictureisindenticaltotheoneintheMuseumofModernArtinNewYork.16.Ifyouhavenoobjection,Iwouldliketoaskyourdaughtertomarryme.17.Hearinghiscomfortingwords,Ifeltahugewaveofwarmthinsidemeandcouldnthelpcrying.18.Aftertheparty,themotherneededsomevolunteerstohelpwiththewashingupinthekitchen.19.Thefactoryhasnowearnedalargeamountofforeignmoney,becausetherehasbeenanincreaseinoverseanstradeduringthepastfewyears.20.Atthepressconferencehedeclinedtocommentonthecompanysdifficultiesandonlyansweredquestionsaboutsuccesses.21.Theuniversityresistedpressuretocloseoneofitsdepartments.22.Wedontserveanythingfancy,justplain,ordinaryfood.23.Thankstothegreateffortsmadebythepolice,crimehasbeenonthedecreaseinthepastfewyears.24.Afterawhileasanambulancedriver,yougethardenedtowhatyouseeataccidents.25.Mysoleobjectwastogetshelterfromthesnow,togetmyselfcoveredandwarm.26.Ifwetakeallthefactorsintoaccount,hischancesofwinningtheelectionwereslim.27.Itwillonlyweakenhispositionifhecontinuestosticktohisstrangeideas.28.Literallythousandsofpeoplewatchedthefootballgame.29.Themostnoticeablechangewasinmyyoungerbrother,whohadgrownquiteabitandwasnowathirdgrader.30.Iamsupposedtoberestingandrelaxing,butitisjustawholebunchofdifferentthingsthathavehappened.31.DayandnightMartincouldnotdraghismindfromthefailurehehadsuffered.32.Iwouldbegratefulifyouwouldmailthispackageforme.33.Theyoungmanwashookedonheroinandloshisjobandhiswife.34.Heisalwaysreadytorenderhelptoothers,soheisthemostrespectablepersonintheneighborhood.35.HewasawardedtheNobelPeacePrizeforhiscontributiontoworldpeace.36.Internetgameshaveprovedverypopularwithyoungpeople.37.Billenrolledinafouryearteachertrainingprogram.38.Withforeignersandtouristscomingfromallovertheworld,NewYorkisoneofthemostculturallydiversecitiesintheworld.39.Bythelate1950s,scientistshadalreadyaccumulatedenoughinformationtoshowaclearlinkbetweensmokingandcancer.40.Atinybabysoonlearnstodistinguishitsmothersfacefromotheradultsfaces.41.HowpuzzlingThemalestudentwhoseldomattendsclasshasgotthehighestmarkthistime.42.Itisveryimportanttoconfineyourspeechtothesubject.三、完型填空Loveisimportantbecausewithoutitlifehasnomeaningorpurpose.Loveallowsustodomorethanwecould1everaccomplishwithoutitspower.Sooftenwetakegoodcareofour2physicalneeds.Wemakesureourbodiesarefed,cleaned,clothed,exercisedandrested.However,wetendto3overlookthemostimportantneedlove.Ofcourse,asasociety,loveisnotoverlooked.Popularmediaconstantlyplacesgreatemphasis4onwhatweneedtodotoattractlove.5Butbeinglovedisnotaspowerfulanemotionalneedasthatdesiretolovesomeoneelse.Theneedtoloveand6careforothersisbuiltintousbiologically.Thisneedis7whatallowsparentstogiveupsleepandfoodwhileraisingtheirchildren.Thisneediswhatallowspeopletoputthemselves8atrisktosaveothersfromnatural9disastersorthreats.Lovemeanstocherish,holddear,andtreasure.Wedonothurt,harm,orcausepaintothoseweloverather,weseekto10alleviatetheirsuffering.Itsnotaboutwantingtopossessorcontrolothersitsaboutwantingtosetthemfree.Loveisthepower11thatallowsthewheeloflifetocontinueturning,forwhenwelovewelook12beyondourownneedsanddesires.We13sacrificeourtime,ourenergy,ourwishes,andsometimesevenourselvesbecauseoflove.Itislovethatallowsemergencyservicespersonneltofacedanger.Itislovethatallowssoldiersto14riskeverything.Theultimatedefinitionofloveisnotaboutfeelinggood15butratheraboutdoinggood.1.B.ever2.C.physical3.A.overlook4.D.on5.B.But6.A.carefor7.D.what8.D.atrisk9.C.disasters10.A.alleviate11.A.that12.B.beyond13.D.sacrifice14.C.risk15.C.butrather四、中、汉译1、这个星期你每天都迟到,对此你怎么解释(accountfor)Howdoyouaccountforthefactthatyouhavebeenlateeverydaythisweek2、他们利润增长的部分原因是采用了新的市场策略。(dueto)Theincreaseintheirprofitsisduepartytotheirnewmarketstrategy.3、我们已经在这个项目上投入了大量时间和精力,所以我们只能继续。(pourinto)Wehavealreadypouredalotoftimeandenergyintotoproject,sowehavetocarryon.4、坐在他旁边的那个人确实发表过一些小说,但决不是什么大作家。(nexttobynomeans)Thepersonsittingnexttohimdidpublishsomenovels,butheisbynomeansagreatwriter.5、这是他第一次当着那么多观众演讲。(inthepresenceofsb.)Thisisthefirsttimethathehasmadeaspeechinthepresenceoflargeanaudience.6、有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎(Useitastheformalsubject)Itisagreatpleasuretomeetfriendsfromafar.7、你必须明天上午十点之前把那笔钱还给我。(withoutfail)Youmustletmehavethemoneybackwithoutfailbytenoclocktomorrowmorning.8、光线不足,加上地面潮湿,使得驾驶十分困难。(coupledwith)Thebadlight,coupledwiththenetground,madedrivingverydifficult.9、要是我没说那些愚蠢的该多好那时我太年轻,不能明辨是非。(ifonlydistinguishrightfromwrong)IfonlyIhadntsaidthosesillywordsIwastooyoungthentodistinguishrightfromwrong.英译汉1、Americansbelievenoonestandsstill.Ifyouarenotmovingahead,youarefallingbehind.美国人认为没有人能停止不前。如果你不求进取,你就会落伍。Thisattituderesultsinanationofpeoplecommittedtoresearching,experimentingandexploring.这种态度造就了一个投身于研究、实验和探索的民族。TimeisoneofthetwoelementsthatAmericanssavecarefully,theotherbeinglabor.时间是美国人注意节约的两个要素之一,另一要素是劳动力。2、ThereisaquotationfromabatteredwomensshelterthatIespeciallylikePeaceonearthbeginsathome.我特别喜欢一条写在受虐妇女收容所里的语录人间和平,始于家庭。Ibelieveeverythingdoes.IthinkofaquotationforpeopletryingtostopsmokingEveryhomeisanosmokingzone.我认为世上所有的东西都是如此。我还想起了另一条写给那些想戒烟的人们的语录每个家庭都应该都是禁烟区。Smokingisaformofselfbatteringthatalsobattersthosewhomustsitby,occasionallyjokeorcomplain,andhelplesslywatch.抽烟是一种自我毁灭,而且也毁灭着那些不得不坐在你身边的人。那些人偶尔也会取笑或报怨你抽烟,可常常只能无可奈何地坐在一边看。IrealizenowthatasachildIsatby,throughtheyears,andliterallywatchedmyfatherkillhimselfSurelyonesuchvictoryinmyfamily,fortheprosperousleaderswhoownthetobaccocompanies,isenough.我现在意识到,从我还是个孩子起,这些年来我实际上是一直坐在旁边,看着父亲自杀。对那些生意兴隆的烟草公司的巨头们来说,能在我家取得这样一种胜利,肯定是够满意了。五、阅读理解

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