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浙江省2002年1月高等教育自学考试英语(一)试题历年试卷.doc.doc

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浙江省2002年1月高等教育自学考试英语(一)试题历年试卷.doc.doc

http//www.4juan.com专门收集历年试卷1做试题,没答案上自考365,网校名师为你详细解答浙江省2002年1月高等教育自学考试英语一试题课程代码00012将全部答案写在答题纸的相应位置上,否则不记分。考试时间150分钟。Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeach从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并写在答题纸相应的位置上。1.Thepercentageofincometax_____frompersontoperson.Itdependsononessalary.A.differsB.turnsC.changesD.varies2.Memory_____theabilitytorememberpasteventsandexperience.A.focusesonB.relatestoC.associateswithD.refersto3.Noonehasbeenabletoprovethatfishis_____forthebrainthanmanyotherkindsoffood.A.anybestB.anybetterC.asgoodD.sogood4.Bythetimewegottothecinema,thefilm_____.A.hasalreadybegunB.hadalreadybegunC.isgoingtobeginD.isjustbeginning5.Traditionally,thefatherearnedmoneyforthefamilywhilethemother__thehouseandthechildren.A.caredofB.tookcareforC.caredforD.tookcare6.Therearetwoclassesofwordswhich,_____together,makeupthewholevocabulary.A.aretakenB.totakeC.takenD.taking7.Thesolutionstorealproblemscannotbeseen_____.A.atbeginningB.previouslyC.beforeD.inadvance8.Theycameupwith1,500old,unwanteditemsallsortsofthingstheywantedto_____.A.gettheridofB.getridofC.gettheridtoD.getridto9._____thewater,aplanttakesupsuchpartsofthesoilasaredissolvedinthewater.A.BesideB.BesidesC.InadditionD.Except10.Thereisgreatpleasureinwatchingwildlifeinnaturalenvironments,andtourismcan_____theincomeofcountries.A.inadditionB.beaddedatC.addtoD.additiontoⅡ.MistakeRecognition10points,1pointforeach下面的句子中每个句子都有四处划有横线并标以A、B、C、D,其中有一处是错误的。指出你认为错误之处,并把答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。11.Thinkingofthecomingsummerholidays,theboysweresoexcitedtofallasleep.ABCD12.Inordertotransmitanevent,televisionsignalsarefirstchangedintoradioABwaves,thatarethensentfromastationonearth.CD13.NobirdnorfishnorotheranimalcouldeverhavelivedonthisearthiftheplantsABhttp//www.4juan.com专门收集历年试卷2didnotcomefirstandfitteditforthedwellingplaceofahigherorderofbeing.CD14.AscientifictruthoffersanexplanationthatisacceptableonlyonthelightofABCwhatisknownataparticulartime.D15.Somepeoplespendtheirweekendstogofromsaletosale,hopingtorunacrossaABCDrealtreasure.16.IhatethosecellularphoneuserswhoseboringconversationsarejustsodangerousABCtoourmentalhealthassmokeistoourlungs.D17.EvidencehasbeenincreasingthatchildrensexposuretoviolenceontelevisionABhaslonglastingaffectontheirbehavior.CD18.ThenumberoftelevisiontimeallocatedeachweektoviolentprogramsincreasedABCsignificantly.D19.IshallreturnonThursdaymorninguntilsomethingunexpectedhappens.ABCD20.Nosoonerhehadputdownthereceiverthanthetelephonerangagain.ABCDⅢ.ReadingComprehension20points,2pointsforeach从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并写在答题纸相应的位置上。PassageOneQuestions21to23arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Ifyouarelikemostpeople,yourintelligencevariesfromseasontoseason.Youareprobablyalotsharperinthespringthanyouareatanyothertimeoftheyear.Anotedscientist,EllsworthHuntington18761947,concludedfromothermensworkandhisownamongpeoplesindifferentclimatesthatclimateandtemperaturehaveadefiniteeffectonyourmentalabilities.Hefoundthatcoolweatherismuchmorefavourableforcreativethinkingthanissummerheat.Thisdoesnotmeanthatallpeoplearelessintelligentinthesummerthantheyareduringtherestoftheyear.Itdoesmean,however,thatthementalabilitiesoflargenumbersofpeopletendtobelowestinthesummer.Springappearstobethebestperiodoftheyearforthinking.Onereasonmaybethatinthespringmansmentalabilitiesareaffectedbythesamefactorsthatbringaboutgreatchangesinallnature.Fallisthenextbestseason,thenwinter.Asforsummer,itseemstobegoodtimetotakealongvacationfromthinking21.Huntingtondecidedthatclimateandtemperaturehave_____.http//www.4juan.com专门收集历年试卷3A.agreateffectoneverybodysintelligenceB.noeffectonmostpeoplesintelligenceC.certaineffectonmostpeoplesintelligenceD.alittleeffectonfewpeoplesintelligence22.Onepossiblereasonwhyspringisthebestseasonforthinkingisthat____.A.allnature,includingman,isgrowingthenB.itlastslongerthantheotherseasonsC.ithaslongerdaytimethanwinterD.itisthemostcomfortableseason23.Accordingtothepassage,thetimewhenpeoplesintelligencedropstoitslowestpointis_____.A.springB.summerC.autumnD.winterPassageTwoQuestions24to26arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Thefacesofelderly,happilymarriedpeoplesometimesresembleeachother.Dr.Aikenstudiedanumberofcoupleswhohadbeenmarriedforatleasttwentyfiveyears.Eachcoupleprovidedfourphotographsonephotoofeachpartneratthetimeoftheirmarriageandanotherphotoofeachpartnertwentyfiveormoreyearslater.Allbackgroundwascutfromthephotostoremoveanyclues.Thephotoswerethendisplayedingroupsarandomgroupingofthepersonsatthetimeoftheirmarriageandanotherrandomgroupingofthesamepersonswhotookphotographslater.Somejudgeswereaskedtopickoutthepartners.Theyfailedtotallywiththefirstgroup.Theirjudgementswerenobetterthanchance.Butwiththephotostakentwentyfiveormoreyearsafterthemarriage,thejudgeswerequitesuccessfulatdecidingwhowasmarriedtowhom.Theywereparticularlysuccessfulwiththemosthappilymarriedcouples.Dr.Aikenbelievesthereareseveralreasonswhycouplesgrowalike.Onereasonhassomethingtodowithimitation.Onepersontendstocopyordothesameassomeoneelsewithoutknowingit.Hesayshumanbeginsimitatetheexpressionsofthefacesoftheirlovedones.Anotherpossiblereason,hesays,isthecommonexperienceofthecouples.Thereisatendencyforpeoplewhohavethesamelifeexperiencetochangetheirfacesinsimilarways.Forexample,ifacouplesufferedfromalotofsadexperiences,theirfacesarelikelytochangeinasimilarway.24.Themainpurposeofthepassageisto_____.A.tellhowcoupleslikeeachotherB.showthelifeexperienceofhusbandandwifeC.explainwhycouplesgrowalikeD.describethestudyonanumberofmarriedpeople25.Thejudgesfailedto_____.A.tellcouplesbylookingattheirphotostakenwhentheygotmarriedB.distinguishhappilymarriedcouplesfromsadlymarriedcouplesC.discvoerthedifferenceofeachpartnerD.understandDr.Aikensstudy26.Fromthepassagewecandrawaconclusionthat_____.A.happilymarriedcouplesareoftenricherthanothercouplesB.coupleswholookalikecanlivelognerC.theinfluencebetweencouplescanbequitestrongD.allcoupleshavebeenprovedtogrowalikehttp//www.4juan.com专门收集历年试卷4PassageThreeQuestions27to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.TheBritishpeoplearegreatreadersofnewspapers.Therearefewhomestowhichonenewspaperisnotdeliveredeverymorning.Manyhouseholdshavetwo,oreventhree,newspaperseveryday.Onenewspapermaybedeliveredatthehouse,amemberofthefamilymaybuyoneatthestationbookstalltoreadinthetrainashegoestotown,andsomeoneelseinthefamilymaybuyaneveningnewspaperlaterintheday.DailypapersarethosethatarepublisheddailyfromMondaytoSaturday.Therearethemorningpapersandtheeveningpapers.Themorningpapersareonsaleinthemorning.Theeveningpapersbegintoappearduringthemorning,andneweditionsappeareverytwoorthreehoursuntilthefinaleditioncomesoutintheevening.TheLondonnewspaperthatisbestknownoutsideGreatBritaininprobablyTheTimes.Itbeganin1785,andhasahighreputationforreliablenewsandseriouscommentonthenews.Itcallsitselfanindependentpaper,whichmeansthatitdoesnotgiveitssupporttoaparticularpoliticalparty.Itsleadingarticlesgivetheopinionsofitseditorialstaff,notthoseoftheownersofthepaper.TheDailyExpressandtheDailyMailarealsoindependent,thoughtheyareusuallymoresympathetictoConservativethantosocialistpolicies.TheDailyTelegraph,alsoaseriouspaperwithahighreputation,isnotindependent.ItsupportstheConservativeParty.TwopopularpapersareDailyMirrorandtheDailySketch.Thesehavemanypagesofphotographsandnumerousstripcartoons漫画.Theirmakeupismoreexcitingthanthatoftheseriouspapers.Thenewsthatappearsintheirpagesisnotalwaysthemostimportantnewsitisthenewsthatismostinterestingtothemaninthestreet.27.WhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueA.ImportantpeopleinBriitanreadnewspapers.B.ReadersofnewspapersinBritainaregreatpeople.C.AlargenumberofBritishpeoplereadalotofnewspapers.D.Britishpeoplereadgreatnewspapers.28.TheTimessupports_____.A.theConservativePartyB.theLiberalPartyC.theLabourPartyD.nopoliticalparties29.WhichisnotaseriouspaperA.TheTimesB.DailyMailC.DailyTelegraphD.DailyMirror30.Inthelastlineofthearticle,themaninthestreetmeans___.A.themanworkingonthestreetB.themanwalkingonthestreetC.themanwanderingonthestreetD.theordinarymanⅣ.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeach下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并写在答题纸相应的位置上。Aheadacheisoneofmansmostcommonenemies.Mostpeoplegetheadachesfromtime_31_time.Probablymorethan90percentofallheadachesare_32_byworryortension.Modernliving_33_tensionsforeverybody,atwork,atschooland_34_home.Then,whatcanwedoabouttensionandworryinourlife_35_,findoutwhatiscausingthetension.Itmaybecausedbyfeelingsoremotions.Doyou_36toomuchoverwhatpeoplethinkofyou,overyourclothes,orabouthttp//www.4juan.com专门收集历年试卷537_youdidSecond,findawayofreducing_38_.Gardening,walking,running,swimmingoranyactivitysuitableforyouragewillhelp39tension.Then,lookatourwayoflife.Askyourself,whereamIgoingAndwhyLearnthesecretofrelaxation.Liedowninadarkquietroomandrelax_40_muchaspossiblebytakingseveralslowbreaths.Letallyourmusclesrelax.31.A.atB.toC.withD.till32.A.encouragedB.resultedC.causedD.done33.A.producesB.releasesC.containsD.owns34.A.fromB.inC.byD.at35.A.ThusB.HoweverC.FirstD.Besides36.A.considerB.worryC.likeD.imagine37.A.whatB.howC.whenD.where38.A.headachesB.activityC.tensionD.function39.A.increaseB.controlC.promoteD.reduce40.A.soB.asC.forD.likeⅤ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwowords将下列汉语单词译成英语并写在答题纸上。作为提示,每个词的词类和第一个字母以及用短线表示的其余字母数已给出。41.不完整的a.42.山n.43.联合协会n.44.立即a.45.娱乐n.46.绝对的a.47.态度n.48.不幸的a.49.多数大半n.50.强调v.51.陪伴伴随v.52.证据n.53.精确的a.54.个人的n./a.55.平行的a.56.技术的a.57.资源n.58.特有的典型的a.59.教育v.60.建立确立v.Ⅵ.WordForm10points,1pointforeach将括号中的各词变为适当形式并写在答题纸相应的位置上。61.Newspapersgenerallyreachanaudienceonlyina___limitarea.62.Suchprogrammescouldteachthelocalpeoplehowtoselecttreesworthexportingandtocutonlythosetreesdownwhile___leavetherest.63.Actuallythemoonisoneofthe___small,andonlylooksbigbecauseitissoneartous.64.Maneatingmay___startbecausepeoplewereeagertobecomeasstrongandbraveashttp//www.4juan.com专门收集历年试卷6theirenemies.65.Inthetraditionalfamily,thechildren___takecareofbythemotherbecauseshedidnotworkoutsidethehome.66.___Riselivingcostsareconsideredasareasonbothforholdinggaragesalesandforattendingthem.67.It___widelybelievethateverywordhasacorrectmeaningandthatdictionariesandgrammarsarethesupremeauthorityinmattersofmeaningandusage.68.Illhaveher___workforyourcompany.69.Thenumberofviolentactsontelevisioninthepastyears___increasefromabout19to27perhour,soparentsshouldinitiateapatternfrestrictedtelevisionwatching.70.Bequick,orthetrain___leavebythetimewhenwegettothestation.Ⅶ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointsforeach将下列各句译成英语并写在答题纸相应的位置上。71.众所周知,钻石是自然界所发现的最坚硬的物质。72.我们已经根据委员会的决定制定了一个详细的计划。73.他们没有意识到,不懂礼貌的人迟早要为此付出代价。74.毫无疑问,技术进步使人们能生活得更舒适愉快。75.汤姆在中国生活了多年,已习惯于吃中国食物。Ⅷ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points将下列短文译成汉语并写在答题纸相应的位置上。InAmerica,everystudentinhisorhersecondyearofhighschoolisrequiredtotakeaclassindriverseducation.However,unlikeothercourses,itisnotgivenduringtheregularschoolyear.Insteaditisasummercourse.Thecourseisdividedupintotwoparts1classtimeforlearninglawsandregulationsand2drivingtimetopracticedriving.Afterthestudenthaspassedthedriverseducationcourseandreachedtheappropriateagetodrive,heorshecangotoanappointedstateofficetotaketheirdriverstest,whichconsistsofaneyeexamination,awrittentest,andaroadtest.Thepersonmustpassallthreetestsinordertogetadriverslicense.浙江省2002年1月高等教育自学考试英语一试题参考答案课程代码00012Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeach1.D2.D3.B4.B5.C6.C7.D8.B9.B10.CⅡ.MistakeRecognition10points,1pointforeach11.C12.C13.C14.C15.A16.C17.C18.A19.B20.AⅢ.ReadingComprehension20points,2pointsforeach21.C22.A23.B24.C25.A26.C27.C28.D29.D30.DⅣ.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeach31.B32.C33.A34.D35.C36.B37.A38.C39.D40.BⅤ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwowords41.incomplete42.mountain43.association44.immediately45.entertainmenthttp//www.4juan.com专门收集历年试卷746.absolute47.attitude48.unfortunate49.majority50.emphasizse51.accompany52.evidence53.accurate54.individual55.parallel56.technical57.resource58.characteristic59.educate60.establishⅥ.WordForm10points,1pointforeach61.limited62.leaving63.smallest64.havestarted65.weretaken66.Rising67.iswidelybelieved68.work69.hasincreased70.willhaveleftⅦ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15pionts,3pointsforeach71.Itiswellknownthatdiamondsarethehardestsubstancefoundinnature.72.Wehavemadeadetailedplanaccordingtothecommitteesdecision.73.Theyarenotawarethattherudepeoplewillpaythepricesoonerorlater.74.Thereisnodoubtthattechnologicaladvanceenablespeopletolivemorecomfortablyandhappily.75.TomhaslivedinChinaforyearsandbecomeusedtoeatingChinesefood.Ⅷ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points在美国,每个学生在高二必须上驾驶教育课。但这门课与其它课不一样,它不是在常规的学年期间上的,而是一门暑期课程。这门课分成两部分1课堂部分,学习有关法律法规2驾驶部分,练习驾驶。学生在通过驾驶教育课并达到适合的驾驶年龄后,可以到指定的州办公室去参加驾驶考试。该考试由三部分组成视力检查,书面考试,及路面考试。应试者必须通过所有三门考试才能取得驾驶执照。

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