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自考00015英语二笔记 自考英语二小抄 自考英语二串讲.doc.doc

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自考00015英语二笔记 自考英语二小抄 自考英语二串讲.doc.doc

样本与笔记说明1、本文档仅为前两章样本,完整版共32页半如需完整版请QQ67460666手机13783816366联系官方网址www.ZiKaoBJ.com2、样本和完整版笔记均严格按最新制定教材目录顺序整理,每个知识点既可以作为选择填空又可用在简答论述,而不是绝对按照考试题型总结的,因此更利于全面把握知识点或者考试时临时翻阅。◆关于站长本站长目前于西南政法大学攻读研究生,参与了西政开办的各类考试辅导班(自考、司考、公务员、考研、成教、专升本等)。本站所有笔记均为最新自考核心班内部权威资料,经过细心整理成了WORD版本,便于打印、携带和查找。◆关于笔记我们的每一份资料都凝结着开班八年专业授课老师辛勤的心血,每一份资料都是他们智慧的结晶,每一份资料都是有生命的知识系统,我们求抓使笔记覆盖到每个知识点,抓住最核心的题目,尽我们最大之力保证通过率。◆笔记特点本站所有自考成考笔记是我们辅导班经验丰富的老师的授课笔记精心整理而成,是一套完整复习资料,内容全面,或按不同题型分类整理,或按章节顺序整理,便于打印、携带和查找。◆郑重承诺(1)每部笔记的整理严格依据最新教材和考纲(2)力求涵盖到每个知识点(3)知识点覆盖率80,轻松过关。◆省钱省力(1)省时A4纸分栏,排版精美,无需再整理(2)省力可直接看笔记,无需再看教材(3)省钱省下购买教材的费用,也免去了补考费◆联系方式QQ67460666旺旺fsweetie官方网址www.ZiKaoBJ.com五钻信誉自考笔记淘宝店http//shop34257768.taobao.com/00015英语(二)(样本,完整版32页半)笔记依据教材大学英语自学教程下册1998年版高远主编高等教育出版社笔记依据目录Unit1TextAWhatIsaDecisionTextBSecretsofSuccessatanInterviewUnit2TextABlackHolesTextBWorldswithinWorldsUnit3TextAEuthanasiaForandAgainstTextBAdvantageUnfairUnit4TextASlaveryonOurDcorstepTextBReturnofTheChainGangUnit5TextATheNewMusicTextBDifferentTypesofComposersUnit6TextAImprovingIndustrialEfficiencythroughRoboticsTextBPredictingEarthquakesUnit7TextALeisureandLeadershipTextBTheTimeMessageUnit8TextAJetLagPreventionandCureTextBControllingYourConcentrationUnit9TextAAginginEuropeanCountriesTextBChildrensSelfesteemUnit10TextATheCampaignforElectionTextBTheAmericanTwopartySystemUnit11TextASacrificedtoScienceTextBLetsStopKeepingPetsUnit12TextALetYourMindWanderTextBToSleep,PerchancetoDreamUnit13TextAWork,Labor,andPlayTextBTheWorkmansCompensationUnit14TextATheTeachersLastShockingLessonTextBTheSeedsofWrathUnit15TextATheComputerandThePoetTextBChangestoComeinU.S.Education一、单词表(完整版共3页)organizationalɔgənaizeiʃənla.组织(上)的goalgəuln.1.目的,目标2.得分进球,球门objectiveɔbdʒektivn.目标,目的a.1.客观的,真实的2.如实的,无偏见的accomplishəkʌmpliʃvt.完成(任务等)predictpridiktvt./vi.预言预示accompanyəkʌmpənivt.1.伴随,陪同2.为伴奏implementimpliməntvt.实现完成(任务等)履行(协定、诺言等)constraintkənstreintn.1.强制2.强制因素,制约条件precedentpresidəntn.先例,前例simplifysimplifaivt.简化tendencytendənsin.趋势,倾向managerialmænədʒiəriəla.1.经理的,管理人的2.管理上的,经营上的makermeikən.制造者制造商achievementətʃivməntn.1.完成,达到2.成就,成绩attainəteinvt.达到完成optimalɔptiməla.最适宜的最理想的suboptimizationsʌbɔptimaizeiʃənn.局部最优化(指使整体目标中的某个选定目标圆满实现)tradeofftreidɔfn.1.(对不能同时兼顾的因素)权衡2.物物交换argueɑgjuvt./vi.争辨,争论,辩论vt.1.说服2.用辩论证明budgetbʌdʒitn.预算vt.1.把编入预算2.安排,预定schemeskimn.计划方案vt./vi.计划,策划definedifainvt.1.解释,给下定义2.限定,规定multiplemʌltipla.多样的,复合的n.倍数profitabilityprɔfitəbilitin.赚钱,获利correctnesskərektnisn.正确,正确性unintendedʌnintendida.非计划中的,非故意的ongoingɔngəuiŋa.进行中的,前进的entityentitin.1.存在,实体2.统一性skilledskilda.熟练的有技能的intheway挡路碍事makeaguessat猜测andthelike等等,诸如此类seekto追求,争取中间部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取demandfor对的要求gotolawagainst俗控告某人goalongwith和一起shyawayfrom1.躲开,回避2.赞成learnbyrote由熟记而学某事disagreeabout对意见不一二、重点短语(完整版共4页)Unit1A1.courseofaction行动步骤,办事程序,做事方案whatisthebestcourseofactionwecantake我们采取什么办法最好Yourbestcourseofactionistoforgetaboutthewholeunfortunatematter.你最好的方法是忘掉这一切不幸。2.intheway挡路,阻碍,妨碍Imafraidyourcarisintheway.看来你的汽车挡着道了。Ileftthemalone.asIfeltIwasintheway.我觉得自己碍他们的事,就走了。3.tomakeaguessat对进行猜测Makeaguessatananswer,please请猜一下答案IfImightmakeaguessatherage,Idsayshewasabout30.要让我猜她年龄的话,我看她大概三十岁。4.toblindsbtosth使某人看不到某物,使某人对某物丧失判断力Hisdesiretodoitblindedhimtoallthedifficulties.他急于做事的愿望让他对困难一无所知。Herloreforhimblindedhertohisfaults.她非常爱他,这让她对他的缺点丧失了判断力。5.tocontributetosth1促成,导致Doessmokingcontributetolungcancer吸烟会导致肺癌吗Carelessnesscontributedtohiserrors.粗心大意造成了他的错误。2有助于,增添Herworkhascontributedenormouslytoourunderstandingofthisdifficultsubject.她的著作非常有助于我们对这个难题的了解。Wehopeyoursuggestionwillcontributetosolvingtheproblem.我们希望你的建议将有助于解决这个问题。,3捐助,捐赠,贡献tocontributeaidtorefugees/contributetotheRedCross向难民提供援助/捐助红十字会Everyoneshouldcontributewhathecanaffordtoit.人人都应该尽自己的能力做贡献。4撰稿,投稿Shehascontributedtoliterarymagazines.她给几家文学刊物投了稿。6.astateofaffairs情况,局势Whatashockingstateofaffairs局势真惊人哪Thatwasthestateofaffairsbeforetheelection.选举前的情况就是那样。7.toseektodosth设法做某事Theyareseekingtomislead.他们竭力进行误导。Theysoughttobringtheirconflicttoanend.他们试图结束冲突。8.theschemeofthings事物的规律,安排Intheschemeofthings,itishardforsmallbusinessestosucceed.一般来说按事物的规律,小本生意难做。9.inpart部分地在某种程度上Hissuccesswasdueinparttoluck.在某种程度上,他成功靠的是运气。Werelosingmoneyinpartbecause,withourancientcomputers,wecantstaycompetitive.我们在赔钱在某种程度上是因为我们仍用旧的计算机,缺乏竞争力。10.varyfromto从变为在与之间变化Hermoodvariedfromoptimismtoextremedepression.她的情绪一下子由乐观变为极度消沉。Thesefishvaryinweightfrom31bto5lb.这些鱼的重量从三磅到五磅不等。Unit1B1.toapplyfor申请,请求toapplyforajob/post/passport/visa/scholarship申请工作/职位/护照/签证/奖学金toapplytothepublishersforthepermissiontoreprintanextract向出版者请求准予转印节录2.daytoday1日常的,每日常规工作的Shehasbeenlookingafterthedayto.dayadministration.她一直做日常的管理工作。2逐日的Ihaveorganizedthecleaningonadaytodaybasis,untiltheusualcleanerreturns.我已经安排了清洁工回来前的逐日清洁工作。3.tohavenoidea不知道无能力Hehasnoideahowtomanagepeople.他根本不知道如何做人事工作。YouhavenoideahowworriedIwas你根本不知道我有多么担心4.totakethetroubletodosth费力做某事,不辞劳苦做某事Decentjournalistsshouldtakethetroubletocheckthefacts.责任心强的新闻工作者应该不厌其烦地核实报导内容。Nobodytookthetroubletocomforttheangrywoman.没有人费力去劝劝那位愤怒的女人,5.toputoneselfinsbsplace设身处地替某人着想Ifyouputyourselfinmyplace.youwouldunderstandit.设身处地替我想一下,你就会理解的。cf.insbsplace处于某人的境地Whatwouldyoudoinmyplace你要是我会怎样做InherplaceIdsellthelot.我要是她的话就全部卖掉。6.toonesadvantage对某人有利,对某人有帮助YouwillfindittoyouradvantagetolearnsomeGermanbeforeyouvisitSwitzerland.你会发现去瑞士前学一点德语将对你有好处。Itwouldbetoourmutualadvantagetocontinuethetrainingcentre.把培训中心继续办下去对我们双方都有好处。cf.toonesdisadvantage对某人不利,有损某人的声誉Itwouldbetoyourdisadvantagetoinvestintheproject.在这个工程上投资对你会十分不利。Haveyouheardoftheturnoutstohisdisadvantage你听说那些对他不利的谣言了吗7.atadisadvantage处于不利地位HisinabilitytospeakEnglishputhimatadisadvantage.他不会说英语,这使他很吃亏。Theyareworkingatagreatdisadvantage.他们正在非常不利的情况下工作。8.toaskfor要求,请求Didyouaskyourbossforapayincrease你请求老板加薪了吗Drivingafterdrinkingalcoholisaskingfortrouble.酒后开车是自讨苦吃。9.inhand1在手中持有在手头随时可用Istillhavesomemoneyinhand.我手头还有些钱。2在控制下Wehavethesituationwellinhand.我们完全控制住了局面。3正在办理、处理之中Theworkisinhandandwillsoonbecompleted.这项工作正在进行之中,不久即可完成。10.tomakesureof/that1弄清楚,核实,查明Ithinkthedoorslocked.butIdbettergoandmakesureofit/thatitis.我想门已经锁了,但我最好还是去查实一下。2设法确保Wehavemadearrangementstomakesurethatthevisitgoeswell为确保参观顺利进行我们已经做了安排。11.toturndown1toturnsb/sthdown顶回,拒不理会,拒绝Hetriedtojointhearmybutwasturneddownbecauseofpoorhealth.他想参军,但因身体欠佳而被断然拒绝。HeaskedJanetomarryhimbutsheturnedhimdown.他请求简嫁给他,可她拒绝了。2toturnsthdown调节炉具、收音机等使热量、音量、温度等降低Dontforgettoturndownthegasafteranhourorso.别忘了过一小时左右把煤气关小点儿。TurnthetaperecorderdownImtryingtogetsomesleep.把录音机关小点儿我想睡一会儿。12.assoonas一就,不迟于Heleftassoonasheheardthenews.他一听到这消息就走了。Illtellhimassoonaspossible.我会尽快告诉他的。中间部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取Unit15A1.Butthequestionpersistsandindeedgrowswhetherthecomputerwillmakeiteasierorharderforhumanbeingstoknowwhotheyreallyare,toidentifytheirrealproblems,torespondmorefullytobeauty,toplaceadequatevalueonlife,andtomaketheirworldsaferthanitnowis.但是对于以下问题,人们的疑问还存在着,而且有增无减。这些问题就是对于人类真正认识自己、辨清自己的问题、增强美的鉴赏力、赋予生命完全的价值以及使世界更加安全等,电脑起了什么样的作用使它们更难了,还是使它们更容易了在这个句子中,thequestionpersistsandindeedgrows是主句。whether以后的部分就是question的内容。其中的it指的是后面的五个动词不定式短语。2.Factsareterriblethingsifleftspreadingandunexamined.如果对事实材料不加整理研究,它们就会引起麻烦。if后面省略了theyare。3.Agenuinepurposemaybeservedbyturningloosethewondersofthecreativeimaginationonthekindsofproblemsbeingputtoelectronictechnology.为达到真正目的,可以解开创造性的想像力的羁绊,使其神奇作用应用于电子技术的各种难题。本句的结构可做如下分析主句为Agenuinepurposemaybeserved,后面是by引导的介词短语做方式状语。在这个状语中,turnloose后面是一个宾语加宾语补足语。宾语就是thewondersofthecreativeimagination,补足语就是onthekindsofproblemsbeingputtoelectronictechnology。而在这个补足语中,beingputtoelectronictechnology做problem的定语。剩余部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取三、重点难点句子详解(完整版共2.4页)Unit1A1.Adecisionisachoicemadefromamongalternativecoursesofactionthatareavailable.决策就是从可选的行动方案中做出选择。本句中courseofaction是固定搭配,意为行动步骤办事程序做事方案。that从句为定语从句,修饰courses,介词短语amongavailable作from的宾语,另如Theyweremostlyelectedfromamongtheworkers.他们大多数是从工人中选出来的。Hetookhiswatchfromunderthepillow.他从枕头下把表拿了出来。Wedidntmeetuntilaftertheshow.我们直到演出后才见面。2.somesuggestthatthemanagementprocessisdecisionmaking.有人认为管理过程就是决策过程。当suggest意为建议时,后面从句中的谓语动词使用虚拟语气,即should动词原形形式,而当suggest表达认为提出暗示时,则不用虚拟语气。例如Itissuggestedthatthemeetingshouldbeheldatsomeothertime.人们建议会议改期进行。Shesmiled,buthereyessuggestedthatshewasnothappyatall.她笑了笑,但眼神却显示出她并不幸福。AreyousuggestingthatIamtoooldforthejob你是说我老得干不了这份工作3.decisionmakingincludeslimitingalternativesaswellasidentifyingthem.决策既包括识别选项又包括缩小选项范围。在AaswellasB结构中,语义侧重点通常在A项,一般可理解为不仅B,而且A或既B又A。例如Thereareadvantagesaswellasdisadvantagesoffriction.摩擦力既有消极作用,也有积极作用。Unit1B1.Infact.Ididhaveseveralquestions,butyouhavealreadyansweredthemall.我刚才确实有些问题,但您已经全部解答过了。助动词do在肯定句中用在动词之前可以表示强调,其形式只有现在时do,does和过去时did,这种用法叫做强调肯定式。例如Idothinkyouareagoodcook.我确实认为你是个好厨师。Soyoudidcomeafterall.你毕竟还是来了。用在祈使句中,能使清求更加客气而友好,或者更具有鼓励作用一例如Dohaveanothercupoftea,please.请再喝杯茶吧但是,在表示制止意义的祁使句中,助动词又可以表示说话人不耐烦的情绪。例如Dostoptalking别说话啦2.butdonotletitworryyoutoomuch.但不要为这种场面而忐忑不安。动词let,make,have,hear,see,observe等之后的宾语补足语为不定式结构时,省略to,又如Letmego,willyou让我走,好不好3.Thereislittlelikelihoodthat的可能性微乎其微几乎不可能其他类似的表达方法还有Thereislittlelikelihoodof几乎没有的可能性。Thereisalikelihoodthat/of有的可能性。Thereiseverylikelihoodthat/of完全有的可能性。Thereisnolikelihoodthat/of绝无的可能性。Thereisastronglikelihoodthat/of的可能性很大。剩余部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取四、课文译文(完整版共5页)Unit1A什么是决策决策就是从现成的行动方案中做出选择,它旨在确立并实现组织机构的目标及指标。之所以要决策,是因为有问题存在,目标或指标错误,或者有某种东西妨碍了它们的实现。因此,决策过程对于管理至关重要。管理者所做的一切几乎都与决策有关。事实上,有人认为管理过程就是决策过程。管理者虽然不能预测未来,但很多决策要求他们考虑未来可能发生的情况。通常,他们必须对未来事态做出最佳猜测,使偶然情况尽可能少地发生。不过,由于未知情况总是存在,风险与决策则往往相伴。有时,决策的疏漏不会造成严重的后果,但有时后果则不堪设想。选择就是从不同选项中进行取舍。没有选择,就没有决策。决策制订就是选择的过程,而且许多决策有着很广的选择范围。例如,学生为了实现自己获得学位的目标,就可能从多门课程中进行选择。对管理者来说,每次决策都受到政策、程序、法律、惯例等因素的制约。这些制约存在于一个组织的方方面面。选项就是可供选择的种种行动方案。没有选项,就没有选择,当然也谈不上决策。如果看不到任何选项,通常表明对问题尚未进行全面的分析研究。例如,管理者看待问题,有时采取两者择一非此即彼的方式,把复杂的问题简单化。这种倾向使他们难以看到某些选项。在管理层次上,制订决策包括识别选项及缩小选项范围两个方面,这个范围可以从极为狭窄到近乎无限不等。决策者必须掌握某种方法判定其中的最佳选项,也就是说,哪个选项对实现组织目标最为有利。组织目标指该组织要努力完成或达到的目的或情形。由于个人和组织对实现目标的方式常常见解不一,最佳选择可能就取决于决策者了。有时,一个组织的下属机构做出的决策有利于自己的个体利益,但对上一级部门来说,却并非最佳选择,这种增加局部机构的利益,同时减少其他机构的利益,在不能两全情况下做出的取舍,即所谓的局部最优化。例如,市场经理为增加广告预算,可能讲得头头是道,然而,从全局方案来看,增加优化产品的研究经费也许对整个组织有更多好处。这种权衡利弊进行取舍的做法之所以存在,是因为一个组织想要同时达到的目标很多。有些目标虽然相比之下更为重要,但其重要性及紧迫性往往因人因部门而各不相同。不同的管理者对同一问题有着不同的看法,当他们面对一件日常事例时,销售经理趋向于看销售问题,生产经理着眼于生产问题,如此等等。一个组织多种目标的紧迫性与重要性部分地取决于决策者的价值观念。这种价值具有个人色彩,而且复杂多变,他们自己甚至也因此难以捉摸。在很多商业场合,对于风险与收益,不同的人有不同的接受标准,这使他们对决策正确与否也看法各异。人们常常认为,决策是一个孤立的现象。但从系统的观点看,问题的产生有多种原因,决策既有预期的结果,也有意料之外的结果。一个组织是一个在发展中的实体,今天所作的决策可能在很远的将来才会有结果,因此,老练的管理者决策时总是放眼未来。Unit1B面试成功的秘诀我们今天谈的主题是面试。有两条秘诀会让你获益匪浅一是准备,二是信心。首先要做好面试前的准备工作。要尽可能多地了解自己所申请的这份工作以及自己想去的这家单位的情况。我所采访过的许多雇主都对应聘者作了同样的批评应聘者对申请岗位上的日常工作有什么意义会带来什么结果一无所知,他们空具改进公司的前景或为公司服务的模糊概念,却从来不下功夫去了解他们将被要求去做的实际工作。不要让这种事发生在自己身上。它表明你对雇主和工作毫不在意,当然你也不会讨人家喜欢。花些时间设身处地替面试官想一想,他所需要的是踏实能干、性格随和开朗、对工作确有热情的人。你所了解到的关于这位新雇主的情况,都可以在面试中为你所用,它表明你为了效力于意中的新雇主已经下了番功夫,熟悉了其中的一些工作。把想要询问的问题写下来并记在心里。这样,当面试官让你发问时,就不至于无话可说。切记不要一上去就询问假日及薪水问题。自己的所有问题得到解答后,你要说我刚才确实有些问题,但您已经全部解答过了。你若要确信面试中对方话中的隐含之意,想请对方说明,不要畏缩,但一定要有礼貌。前去面试之前,要把这家单位的招聘广告原文、对方的回信、自己的求职信或申请表以及个人简历的复印件再看一遍。这样,你会记起自己曾说过什么,对方要求什么条件。如果你短时间内应聘过许多工作,这一点尤为重要,因为你很容易把它们互相混淆,而且给人留下效率不佳的印象。要记清楚自己面试的时间、地点,若有必要,提前一两天去看一下安排面试的楼房但不要走进面试间,弄清楚路上花多少时间,面试地点的确切位置。要争取提前五至十分钟到达面试地点,这样,你手头还有一点儿时间,不至于因迟到而慌恐不安。若是慌慌张张赶去面试,或者迟到了十分钟,一开始你就处于不利的境地。着装要干净、利落、保守一些。现在绝不是你一身蓬克打扮、随便一试的时候,也不是女孩子上身领口大开、下身超短裙装束的时候。此外,鞋子、双手和头发也要整整洁洁。要带上约你前去面试的信函,以免出现交流方面的问题。面试官也许只有一个,也许是几人专门小组。后者自然更令人担惊害怕,但不要因此过分怯场。面试官和你之间很可能摆放着一张桌子,但你可不能把自己的东西或手臂放在上面。你若带有提包或提箱,就放在你座椅旁边的地上,不要极不自然地紧抓不放,更不要把包扔到地上,将里边的东西洒得满地都是。若对方先伸手过来,要跟人家握手。若是五个人的面试小组,逐个跟你握手的可能性微乎其微。所以,即使没人与你握手,你也不必难过。握手时要有力度软弱无力让人感觉你意志薄弱,当然用力过大会让人疼痛不已。不要刚握手就马上松开,那样会让人觉得你对他没有好感。谈吐要礼貌、自然,即便你很害羞。回答每个问题都要三思而后行。你若是听不懂,就问一下麻烦您再解释一下刚才的问题好吗这样,面试官就会换换字眼把问题重复一遍。对方若是既未明确接受你,又未明确表示回绝,你就问请问我什么时候能知道面试结果你若是真的收到了让你前去工作的信件,你切记要尽快写封回信要保留复印件。祝大家好运剩余部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取五、课后答案(完整版共4.4页)Unit1AExercisesfortheTextⅠ.阅读理解1.d.alloftheabove.2.C.decisionmakingalsomeansrisktaking3.C.Alternatives,choice,decision4.a.isgoodforalargeorganization5.d.personalbeliefsⅡ.从课文中找出下列词语的同义词1.alternative2。fundamental3.accompany4.implement5.precedent6.attain7.objectives8.vary9.multiplel0.isolateⅢ.词义搭配1.C.makedecisions2.d.designprograms3.i.solveproblems4.j.surviveaccidents5.g.seizeopportunities6.e.pursuestudies7.h.attaingoals8.a.earnmoney9.f.consumetimel0.b.paydebtsⅣ.完形填空OneeveningwhilemywifeandIwereentertainingourdinnerguests,ourfiveyearolddaughterDebbiehelpedhermotherservedessert甜食.Debbiebroughtthefirstsliceofpiefromthekitchenandplacedtheplateinfrontofme.Ipolitelypassedittothewomannexttome.DebbieputanothersliceofpiebeforemeandagainwatchedasIpassedittoanotherguest.Youmightaswellkeepit,mydaughtersaid.Theyreallthesamesize.Ⅴ.汉译英1.Decisionmakersshouldmakeabestguessatwhatthefuturewillbe.2.Somepeoplesuggestthateverythingamanagerdoesinvolvesdecisions.3.Ifthereisnorightchoice.thereisnorightdecisiontobemade.4.Solutionsvarybecausedifferentpeopledefinethesameproblemindifferentterms.5.Adecisionmakerisusuallythekeytobusinessdevelopmentofacompany。VocabularyExercisesⅠ.用所绐单词的适当形式填空1.a.beorganizedb.organizationalC.organization2.a.simpleb.simplifiedC.simplyd.simplification3.a.profitb.profitablec.profitability4.a.intentionb.intendedc.unintendedⅡ.用下列单词的适当形式填空1.precedent2.skilled3.achievement4.implement5.optimal6.goal7.accomplish8.accompanies9.tendencyl0.ongoingⅢ.汉译英1.Hewasaccompaniedtotheconcertbyhisfriends.2.Hehasarguedheroutofherdecision.3.Hissuccesswasdueinparttoluck.4.Inaccordancewithhissuggestion.theprocedurehasbeenremarkablysimplified.5.Thebroadcaststationpredictedthatitwouldbecoldertomorrow.6.Movementisdefinedasachangeinpositionorplace.Unit1BExercisesfortheTextⅠ.根据课文判断正误1.T2.T3.F4.F5.F6.F7.F8.F9.Fl0.TⅡ.根据课文填入所缺内容1.preparation,confidence2.idea3.unattractiveindifference4.hardworking,personality,interest5.speechless6.holidays,pay7.clean,neat,conservative8.thefloorbesideyourchair9.politely,naturally10.Wouldyoumindrephrasingthequestion,pleaseVocabularyExercises从课文B中找出与下列各句中划线部分意义最相近的词语1.atadisadvantage2.conservative3.indifference4.makesure5.vague6.clutched7.turneddown8.toyouradvantage9.cleanandneatl0.prospects11.takethetroubleto12.placeGrammarExercisesⅠ.指出下列句中as的词性及语法功能,并把句子译成汉语1.as作连词,引导让步状语从句。约翰虽然努力了,但还是一个词也想不起来。2.as作连词,引导比较状语从句。哈利和他几个弟兄一样,长得异乎寻常地高。3.as作连词,引导比较状语从旬。这儿有块儿大石头没人能搬起来。4.as作关系代词,引导限定性定语从句。他们和我持同样的观点。5.as作关系代词,引导非限定性定语从句。外语无用论是错误的,过去相当一部分人就持此观点。6.as作关系代词,引导非限定性定语从句。如前所述,语法不是一套一成不变的规则。7.as作关系代词,引导非限定性定语从句。海伦精神有点失常,她的同学都看得出来。8.as作关系代词,引导非限定性定语从句。以后你就会发现,所有的事情现在都已安排妥当。9.第一个as作副词,表示程度第二个as作连词,表示比较。她和妹妹舞跳得一样好。10.第一个as作副词,表示程度第二个as作连词,表示比较。他们爱他,她也同样爱他。11.as作连词,引导比较状语从句。他还没有她年龄大。12.as作介词,构成介词短语作状语。他小时候就参了军。13.习语aslongas引导时间状语从句。既然你在这里,我们何不讨论一下我们的计划呢t4.as作连词,引导方式状语从句。他根据自己的理解撰写关于中国的文章。15.习语asif引导方式状语从句。他总是努力工作,好像从不知疲倦似的。16.as作连词,引导方式状语从句。你怎么对待我,我就怎么对待你。17.as作副词,构成状语成分。他是部门领导,也确实得签这份文件。18.as作介词,构成介词短语作定语。你要对整个工作负责。19.as作介词,构成介词短语作宾语补足语。他们认为他是一个了不起的人。20.as作介词,构成介词短语作宾语补足语。这怎么能说成是缺乏经验呢Ⅱ.把as插入下列各句。注意正确使用大小写1.Canyouthrowastoneasfarasthetree2.Asregardsthatmatter.Ihavenoobjection.3.Astohismother.Iknownothingabouther.4.Asforyou,Iwillneverwanttoseeyouagain.5.Shedoesnotownhimasherownhusband.6.Heisaguest,andweshouldreceivehimassuch.7.I.aswellasyou.dontlie.8.Asistheteacher.Soisthepupil.9.Badlywoundedashewas,heneverlosthope.10.Childasheis,hecantellrightfromwrong.11.Ashewasill.Iwenttherealone.12.Hereachedouthishandasthoughheweretryingtocatchsomething.13.Youhadbettermanagethebusinessasbefore.14.Wemuststudyaslongaswearealive.15.Hehasputhisenergyintoliteraturethesameashissistershaveputtheirsintomusic.16.TheydontlovehimSomuchasshe.17.Hespokesoloudlyastobeheardbyallintheclassroom.18.Asisoftenthecase.thegirlforgottobringherdictionary.19.TheyaredoingthesameworkasIdidlastyear.20.Wehaveneverdoubtedthehonestyofsogoodamanasyouare.Ⅲ.用as把下列句子译成英语1.Ihavethesameopinionashe.2.Hewasillasotherpassengers.3.Aswasreported.themanwasknockedoverbyacar.4.Heisnotsofoolishastofailtounderstandthat.5.HeisnotasstrongasJohn.6.SpellthewordasinAmericanEnglish.7.AsIwasspeaking,Isawadoglyingonthelawn.8.Hardasheworked,hewas.notgoodatmathematics.9.Asisthefather,soistheson.10.HeworksasateacherofEnglishinahighschool.剩余部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取六、单元测试题(完整版共10.6页,18套)Unit1Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。1.Franklinsabilitytolearnfromobservationsandexperience____greatlytohissuccessinpubliclife.A.owedB.contributedC.relatedD.attached2.Shedidnotgotherewiththem,asshefeltshewas____.A.bythewayB.innowayC.inthewayD.inaway3.Hiswordsandexpressionsuggestedthathe____satisfiedwiththeanswer.A.wasB.shouldC.beD.is4.Thehandwritingisdifficultto____.A.readB.bereadC.readingD.beingreading5.Theimportanceofmultipleobjectivesisalsobased.____,onthevaluesofthedecisionmaker.A.inaheadB.inhandC.inpartD.onthepart6.Theywrotealetterofthanksto____hadhelpedthem.A.whoB.whomC.whomeverD.whoever7.TomsfluentEnglishgiveshimanadvantage____otherboysforthejob.A.aboveB.withC.thanDover8.Hetriedtojointhearmybutwas____becauseofhispoorhealth.A.turnedoverB.turnedonC.turneddownD.turnedback9.Wemadeplansforavisitbut____difficultieswiththecarpreventedit.A.subordinateB.subsequentC.afterwardD.consequent10.Hehasnowordtosaythismatter.A.asforB.astoC.assinceD.asfarasⅡ.WordSpelling将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及用短线表示的其余字母数均已给出。1.完成,实现v.a____2.后果,结果n.c____3.目标,目的n.o____4.定义,解释n.d____5.现象n.P____6.伴随,陪同v.a____7.识别v.i____8.趋势n.t____9.社区共同体n.c____10.保守的保存的adj.e____11.预言预示v.P____12.计划方案n.s____13.熟练的有技能的adj.s____14.达到完成v.a____15.当前的adj.c____16.面试面谈n.i____17.展望,景象n.P____18.个性人格n.P____19.澄清阐明n.e____20.批评评论n.c____Ⅲ.WordForm将括号中的各词变为适当形式填入空白。1.Ifheshouldfail,we____couragehimtotryagain.2.Shestoodup____seebetter.3.Hespenta____profitafternooninthelibrary.4.Forthesakeof____simple。thetaxformisdividedintothreesections.5.Her____coldofmannerandapparentaloofnessdistressedhimgreatly.6.WhenBobsfatherdied。he、receivedmanypeopleshelpand____sympathetic.7.Thesepeopleremain____isolatefromtheoutsidesocietyevennowadays.8.Asthewageswerelow,therewerefew____applyforthisposition.9.We____objecttoacceptinghisadvice.10.Theyfileddownstairswiththejob____accomplish.Ⅳ.ClozeTest卞面短文有10个空白。每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案。Yourpurpose,asastudent,shouldbetomasterallyoursubjects.Todo1isnecessarytoworksteadilythroughouttheyear,notjustinthelastfewweeksbeforeyourexaminations.Keepuptodatewithcoursework.week2week.sothatyouhavetimetothinkabouteachsubject,toundertakebackgroundreading,andtolearnasyougoalong.Ifyourdaysandweeksare3organized,youshouldbeuptodatewithyourstudiesattheendofeachweekand.therefore.attheendofeach4.Youcanthenuseeachvacation,dependinguponits5,asanopportunityforashortbreakfromyourstudiesforafewdaysinashortvacationorfortwoorthreeweeksinalongvacation.Butrememberthatcollegevacationsarenotintendedtobeholidays.6shouldtheybedevotedentirelytopaidemployment.Mostfulltimestudentsspendalittlemorethanhalfofeachyearatcollege.Invacations,therefore,allocatemanyhourstoactivestudytokeepeachsubject7inyourmindandtobuilduponthefoundationslaidatcollege.Donotwastetime.Withoutplanningatthestartofeachvacation,and8selfdisciplineeveryday,youmayfindthatthetimeslipsawayandyouachievelittleor9.Youcaneasilyloseanhourbygettinguplate,thenloseanotherreadinganewspaperormagazineafterbreakfast,andsoon.Instead,10positiveregardeachvacationasanopportunityforrevision,consolidation,andbackgroundreading,aswellasforrecreation,sothatyoucomertofeelthatyouknowyoursubjectsandarewellpreparedforthenexttermswork.1.A.thisB.itC.thisitD.itthis2.A.byB.afterC.forD.and3.A.fullB.wellC.highD.such4.A.termB.dayC.courseD.subject5.A.periodB.1engthC.shapeD.value6.A.NoB.NotC.NoneD.Nor7.A.1iveB.1ivedC.aliveD.Nor8.A.exceedingB.executingC.exercisingD.exciting9.A.anythingB.everythingC.somethingD.nothing10.A.beB.beingC.beenD.tobeⅤ.ReadingComprehension阅读下面短文。从短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。Ifabusinessistobestarted.fundsmustfirstbeobtainedfromsomesource.Themoneymaycomefromthewouldbebusinessmanspersonalsavingsoritmaybeborrowedfromabank.Whateverthesource,themoneyhastobeobtainedand,whenithasobtained,itmustbeproperlyhandled.Whenabusinesshasbeenformed,anumberofimportantdecisionswillhavetobemade,suchaswhatpremisesaretobeusedand,foramanufacturingconcern,whatplantandmachinerywillbeneeded.Thenasupplierhastobefound,fromwhomthematerialsneededformanufacturingtheproducttherawmaterialswillbeobtained,andthetermsofcreditwillhavetobeagreed.Thenthereareanumberofotherdecisionstobemade,suchashowmanypeoplearetobeemployedandwhatequipmenttheywillneed,howmanytelephonesaretobeinstalled,etc.Andallofthesewillrequirefinancing.Oncethesedecisionshavebeenmade,itwillbenecessarytoimplementthemandstartthemanufacturingprocessassoonaspossible.Untilthebusinesshasaproductforwhichthereisademand,andhassucceededinsellingthatproduct,therewillbeacontinuousdrainfromthepoolofmoney.Ifthebusinessfinancesarenotproperlymanaged,itmaywelldisappearaltogether.Thesuccessfulintegrationofpeopleandmaterialsrequiresgoodmanagement.andthemoreeffectivelythisisdone,thebetterforthebusiness.1.Intheauthorsopinion,whatisthefirstthingyouneedifyouwanttostartupanewbusinessA.Amanager.B.Money.C.Asupplier.D.Amarket.2.Awouldbebusinessmanisonewho____.A.usedtobeabusinessmanB.isengagedinbusinessC.intendstodobusinessashiscareerD.hassavedalargeamountofmoneyforbusiness3.Mentionedinthesecondparagraphare____examplesofdecisionstobemadewhenabusinesshasbeenformed.A.fourB.fiveC.sixD.seven4.WhyisitgoodtostartproductionassoonaspossibleA.Inordertobeginearningmoney.B.Tomeetthedemandofthecustomers.C.Tosupplythemarketwiththeproducts.D.Tohaveacontinuousdrainfromthepoolofmoney.5.Thebesttitleforthepassagewouldbe____.A.HowtoMakeMoneyB.HOWtoMakeaDecisionC.HowtoStartUpaBusinessD.AGuidetoGoodManagementⅥ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish将下面的句子译成英语。1.这种事情因人而异。2.对管理者来说,每次决策都受到政策、程序、法律、惯例等因素的制约。3.我们想知道是谁把人定义为理性动物的。4.从系统的观点看,问题的产生有很多种原因,决策既有预期的结果,也有意料之外的结果。5.他们充分利用了旅馆的设备。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese将下面短文译成汉语。Decisionmakingischoosing.Butdecisionmakingrequiresyoutothinkaboutwhatyouaredoing.Decisionmakinginvolveschoosingfromanumberofalternativeswhatwillbebestforyou.Decisionmakingisknowingwhenyouneedtomakeachoice.Somechoicesaremadefrequently,andhowtheyturnoutdoesnotmakemuchdifference.Otherchoicescanhaveveryimportantresults.Howtheyturnoutcanmakeadifferencenowandsometimescanevenchangethefuture.Forthiskindofseriousdecisionmaking,youwillwanttobeasinformedaspossible.Youwillwanttobesureenoughofyourchoicesothatyouwillknowwhattheconsequencesarelikelytobeforyourselfaridforothersinvolved.Decisionsarenotmadeinavacuum.Theyaremadewithinaframe.workofvalues,goals,standards,resources,andpriorities.Valuesgivemeaningtoyourdecisions.Goalsgivethemdirection.Standardsofferyouabasisforcomparisonandaguideforadjustingvaluesandgoals.Resourcesmakeitpossibletoreachgoals.Prioritiesenableyoutorankvalues,goals,standards,andresourcesintheirorderofimportancetoyou.Togethertheyformyourframeworkfordecisionmaking.参考答案Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure1.B2.C3.A4.B5.C6.D7.D8.C9.B10.BⅡ.WordSpelling1.accomplish2.consequence3.objective4.definition5.phenomenon6.accompany7.identify8.tendency9.community10.conservative11.predictl2.scheme13.skilledl4.attainl5.current16.interviewl7.prospectl8.personality19.clarification20.criticismⅢ.WordForm1.wouldencourage2.tobeseen3.profitable4.simplicity5.coldness6.sympathies7.isolated8.applicants9.object10.accomplishedⅣ.ClozeTest1.C2.A3.B4.A5.B6.D7.C8.C9.D10.AV.ReadingComprehension1.B2.C3.D4.A5.CⅥ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish1.Thissortofthingvariesfrompersontoperson.2.Formanagers,everydecisionhasconstrainsbasedonpolicies,procedures,laws,precedents,andthelike.3.Wewonderwhodefinedmanasarationalanimal.4.Fromasystemspointofview,problemshavemultiplecausesandunintendedconsequences.5.Theytookfulladvantageofthehotelsfacilities.Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese决策即选择,但决策要求考虑人们的所作所为。决策是从若干可选项中选择最佳方案。决策要了解何时需要选择。有些选择经常发生,最后结果如何,无关紧要。但有些选择的结果非常重要,可能影响到现在,甚至会改变未来。对于后果严重的决策,要尽可能有清楚的了解。对自己的选择要有充分把握,使其后果有利于自己和有关的他人。决策不是凭空做出的,它有一定的框架,其中包括价值观、目标、标准、资源和选择的优先次序等。价值观赋于决策以意义,目标决定决策的方向。标准是比较决策优劣的依据,对调整价值观和目标起导向作用。资源使目标实现成为可能。优先次序使价值观、目标、标准和资源能按其重要性进行排序。所有这些因素综合起来形成决策的框架。中间部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取Unit15Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure从下列各旬四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。1.Thecomputer____downthefencesaroundthepracticalintelligence.A.turnsB.pullsC.throwsD.gets2.Theremaybeatendencytomistakedata____wisdom.A.withB.forC.toD.into3.Easyandconvenientacrestofactscanproduceunlimitedgoodonlyifitismatchedbythedesireandabilitytofindout____theymean,and____wouldlead.A.what,whichB.that,whereC.what,whereD.which,where4.Ifwebegin____certaintiesweshallend____doubts.A.from,inB.with,withC.in,inD.with,in5.Thepoetremindsmen____theiruniqueness.A.withB.ofC.upD.for6.Therewillbeeffortstobringwomenintofieldssuchasengineeringthathavetraditionallybeen____male.A.classifiedB.consideredC.fixedD.set7.Instead,thebattlecryfor____willbethedemandforperformanceandaccountability.A.the90sB.the90sC.the90sD.the90s8.For30years,employershavebeenhiringgraduatesfortheirde.grees____theirabilities.A.morethanB.otherthanC.differentthanD.ratherthan9.____English,hehastostudyJapaneseasaforeignlanguage.A.exceptB.besideC.inadditiontoD.ratherthan10.____afewbabieslearntowalkbytheageoftwoandtotalkbytheageofthree.A.AllbutB.NothingbutC.NonebutD.AllofⅡ.WordSpelling将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及用短线表示的其余字母数均已给出。1.单独地ad.s____2.跳跃v.l____3.坚持,固执v.P____4.丰富n.P____5.生命的a.v____6.逻辑学n.l____7.估价,评价v.e____8.生的,未加工的a.r____9.最后的a.u____10.遮掩v.o____11.过度的,过分的a.u____12.具体的a.c____13.征服v.c____14.贫瘠的,无菌的a.s____15.证据n.P____16.具有,拥有v.P____17.缺乏的,稀有的a.s____18.促进,提升n.P____19.毕业文凭n.d____20.使结合v.i____Ⅲ.WordForm将括号中的各词变为适当形式填入空白。1.Electronicbrainscanreducetheprofusionofdeadends____involveinvitalresearch.2.Factsareterriblethingsif____1eavespreadingandunexamined.3.Thecomputerknowshow____conquererror.4.Menwerechallengedbyerrorandwouldnotstop____thinkandexploringuntiltheyfoundbetterapproaches.5.The____specialexpressesonlytheparticular.6.Thepoetcanhelptosupplythesubconsciouswithmaterialtoenhanceits____sensitive.7.Competitionand____choosearealreadybeginningtoinfiltratetheschoolsystem.8.Theexaminationswouldtesttheknowledgeandabilitiesofgraduates____applyforjobs.9.Thegreatestchallengetoeducationislikely____comefromournewopportunitiesfordiversity.10.The____continueprofessionaleducationofhighlyschooledadultsmaybethefastestgrowingindustry.Ⅳ.ClozeTest下面短文有10个空白。每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案。Earlychildhoodeducationisafairlynewfield,althoughithasoldroots.Foralongtime,peoplebelievedthat1importanthappenedinachildsearlyyearsandthatyoungchildrenwerenotreadytolearn2theyenteredformalschoolingattheageofsix.ItwasacceptedthatallchildrenneededbeforetheywereofschoolageWasahome3theirphysicalneedsweremet.EvenafterFreudrevealedthatimportantemotionaldevelopmentoccursintheearlyyears,society4intheideathatanyonewhoworkedwithchildrenundersixwasonlybabysitting,a5thatyouoccasionallystillheartoday.Recentresearchontheimportanceoftheearlyyearshasshownthatearlyexperiencehasagreatimpact6allareasofachildsdevelopmentandhassuggestedthatthechilds7teacherisanextremelyimportantpersoninthechildslife.8,thereisagapbetweenresearchandpractice.Programsforchildrenunderfivearestillprivately9forthemostpart.Afewstatesprovidesomepreschoolprograms,butfederalsupportforearlychildhoodeducationislargely10toprogramsforlowincomefamiliesandeventheseprogramshavebeensubjecttofederalbudgetcuts.1.A.somethingB.anythingC.nothingD.everything2.A.sinceB.untilC.becauseD.once3.A.thatB.whichC.whenD.inwhich4.A.neglectedB.suspectedC.insistedD.Persisted5.A.proverbB.statementC.phraseD.complaint6.A.onB.ofC.forD.at7.A.ownB.firstC.nextD.1ast8.A.YesB.NoC.SoD.Yet9.A.runB.1eftC.movedD.sent10.A.1imitedB.reducedC.addedD.unitedⅤ.ReadingComprehension阅读下面短文,从短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。WhatcanparentsdoiftheirsonordaughterisobviouslyinapoorschoolbutthatisallthereisavailableThisisafairlystandardproblem,butthereisnostandardanswertoit.Thefirstthingtosayisthatparentsshouldbeverysureoftheirgroundbeforeconcludingthatalltheirproblemsarelocatedintheschool.Forexample,poormarksforastudentwithgoodabilitydonotnecessarilydenoteapoorschool.Alltheyreallysayisthatthepupilisnotrespondingtohisteachersandthattheteachershavesaidsointhemarkstheyhavegivenhim,whichiswhatwouldbeexpectedinastandardschoolsituation.Thetroublemaybeanywherethehome,thematurityofthestudent,hishealth,hisprogram,orinoneormoreoftheteachers.Ifitwerecenteredentirelyintheschool,itmightevenbehardtodetect,forapoorschoolmaygivegoodmarkstoallstudentsgoodandbad.Butassumingthatparentsaresureofthemselves,thefirststepistoseewhatcanbedoneintheschoolitself.Itisrarethataschoolisallbad,andifsomebrightspotscanbelocated,thenthereisthepossibilityofimprovement,particularlyifthecommunitywillsupportit.Beyondthiscommunityapproach,parentsthemselvesmightundertaketosupplytheneededextrainstruction.Iftheycantdothissystematically,theycanatleastbesurethatthestudenthasallthehomecanprovidehiminthewayofstudymaterialsreferenceworks,andbookstoread,andtheycanencouragehimtoteachhimself.Stillanothermethodwouldbetotakecorrespondencecourses,whichinnearlyallstatesareavailablethroughoneofthestateuniversitiesorcolleges.Therearealsothecoursesnowbeingofferedontelevision.Privatetutoringisanotherpossibility.Inotherwords,theparentscanandmustimprovethesituation,andshouldnotjustsitbackandmoanovertheschool.Thestudentcanstillstudyifhewantsto,andtheresultswillshowupinhisinterestandpreparation.eyeniftheydontshowupinhismarks.1.WhatistheauthorsattitudetowardsthepoorschoolproblemA.Wheretherearepoorstudents,theremaybeapoorschool.B.Thereisabsolutelynosuchaconceptwhatsoeveraspoorschool.C.Theremaybeaso.calledpoorschool,butitneedstobejustified.D.Therearepeoplewhoarepoorbuttherearenoschoolswhicharereallypoor.2.WhatdoesthewordgroundrefertointhiscontextseePara.graph2A.Thefamilyposition.B.Thereasonforsayingsomething.C.Theareaforaspecialpurpose.D.Themotivationfordoingsomething.3.WhymayagoodstudentgetpoormarksA.Heisnotreallyagoodstudent.B.Itistheparentsthataretoblame.C.Itisonthepartoftheteacherthataccountsfor.D.Thereisnotasimple,straightforwardanswer.4.Ifthereissomeproblemaboutthequalityoftheschool,youmay,astheauthorsuggested,____.A.shiftyoursontoabetterschoolB.askthecommunityforhelpC.encourageyoursontostayhomeandteachhimselfD.gotoschoolundertakingtheextrainstruction5.Inadditiontoeducationatschool,whichofthefollowingwaysofextrainstructionthatseemspopularinChinabutisnotmentionedinthepassageA.Coursesareofferedontelevision.B.Coursesaretaughtthroughcorrespondence.C.Privatetutorsareemployed.D.Childrenaretutoredbytheirparents.Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish将下面的句子译成英语。1.人们会把电脑作为智力的替代物,丽不是智力的延伸。2.人们受到错误的挑战时,不愿停止思考和探索,直到发现好的解决办法。3.诗人可以帮助我们为潜意识提供材料,加强其敏锐度。4.现在,许多大的用人单位都要对求职毕业生进行知识和能力两方面的测试。5.竞争和选择已开始渗透进入学校系统。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese将下面短文译成汉语。WhatisagoodeducationIsitonethatcoversasmuchaspossibleofhumanhistoryandachievements,pastandpresentOronethatgivesgraduatestheabilitytofindemploymentpromptlywhentheyleaveschoolIsitabroadeducationoraspecializedoneShoulditprovidestudentswithavastcollectionoffacts,ormerelytrainthemtothinkShouldafutureengineergainonlytheknowledgethatwillenablehimtodohisjobproperly,orwouldaricherbackgroundimprovehisprofessionalabilityaswellashispersonallifeThedebategoesonandon.withgoodargumentsonbothsides.Intheeighteenthandthenineteenthcenturies,thequestionwasnotevenworthasking.Agoodeducationwas,ofcourse,abroadonebasedonthehumanities人文学科.Aneducatedmanknewsomethingabouteverything.HeWasfamiliarwiththegreatdeedsandthegreatideasofthepast。HehadreadextensivelyheWasabletousehisownlanguagecorrectlyandoftenelegantly.Hecouldjoininanyconversationaboutplants,planets,painters.orpolitics.Hewasateaseintheworld,andheknewthathiseducationwouldopentohimanycareerthathemightwanttotry.Evenifhewasmostlyinterestedinliterature,hehadsomeknowledgeofthesciencesandthetechniquesofhistime.参考答案Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure1.B2.B3.C4.D5.B6.B7.A8.D9.C10.AⅡ.WordSpelling1.solely2.1eap3.persist4.profusion5.vital6.logic7.evaluate8.raw9.ultimate10.obscure11.unduel2.concrete13.conquerl4.sterilel5.proof16.Possessl7.scarel8.promotion19.diploma20.integrateⅢ.WordForm1.involve2.1eft3.toconquer4.thinking5.specialist6.sensitivity7.choice8.applying9.tocome10.continuingⅣ.ClozeTest1.C2.B3.D4.D5.C6.A7.B8.D9.A10.AⅤ.ReadingComprehension1.C2.B3.D4.B5.DⅥ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish1.Thecomputermayberegardedasasubstituteforintelligenceinsteadofanextensionofit.2.Whenmenwerechallengedbyerror.theywouldnotstopthinkingandexploringuntiltheyfoundbettersolutions.3.Thepoetcanhelptosupplythesubconsciouswithmaterialtoenhanceitssensitivity.4.Nowmanymajoremployersale.testingtheknowledgeandabilitiesofgraduatesapplyingforjobs.5.Competitionandchoicearealreadybeginningtoinfiltratetheschoolsystem.Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese什么是良好的教育是不是一种尽可能包罗我们的历史和今昔成就的教育或是一种使毕业生在离校后能马上找到职业的教育那是一种一般的教育还是专门教育它应该给学生提供大量收集来的事实,还是训练他们思考一个未来的工程师是否只应该获得能使他干好本职工作的知识更广博的知识是否不仅会改善他的个人生活而且也可提高他的业务能力这个问题至今争论不休,双方都有充分的论据。在l8、19世纪,这个问题甚至不值得一提。良好的教育当然是基于人文学科的一般性教育。一个受过教育的人凡事都懂一点。他熟悉古代的伟大业绩和思想,他博览群书,能正确地使用他的语言,而且常常用得很高雅。他能参加任何关于植物、行星、画家或政治的谈话。他日子过得自在舒畅,知道他所受的教育会给自己开辟任何他想从事的事业的道路。他虽然对文学深感兴趣,但也懂得一些科学知识和他那个时代的技术。单元综合测试题一Unitsl-5Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。并写在答题纸的相应括号内。1.Findoutallyoucanaboutthejobyouareapplying____andtheorganizationyouhopetoworkfor.A.forB.toC.byD.with2.Thewhiterockgroupsfreelytook____elementsfromjazz,fromAmericancountrymusic,andothersources.A.onB.overC.toD.up3.____average,about£5000ayearisspentoneachprivateschoolpupil,morethantwicetheamountspentonstateschoolstudents.A.ByB.OnC.InD.For4.Attheendofl994theBritishGovernmentintroducednewmeasurestohelp____domesticworkersfromabusebytheiremployers.A.inspectB.expectC.suspectD.protect5.Astronomersandscientiststhinkthatablackholeisaregionofspace____whichmatterhasfallenand____whichnothingcanescape.A.towardstowardsB.throughthroughC.intofromD.outoffrom6.Oftenmanagersmustmakeabestguess____whatthefuturewillbe.A.ofB.forC.atD.to7.Ifyouarenotdefinitelyacceptedorturned____onthespot,askWhenmayIexpecttoheartheresultsofthisinterviewA.downB.upC.inD.out8.Andinstudiorecordings,newtechniquesmadepossibleeffectsthatnotevenonelectronicbandcouldproduce____.A.1ivelyB.1ivingC.1ivedD.1ive9.Wecanseefromhisnotebookshowheworkedoverhisthemeshowhewouldnotletthem____untiltheywereasperfectashecouldmakethem.A.beB.beingC.beenD.is10.Themaidwasexecutedafterbeingconvicted____murder,despiteprotestsfromvariousquartersthatherguilthadnotbeenadequatelyestablished.A.forB.withC.ofD.byⅡ.ClozeTest下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案。并写在答题纸的相应括号内。TheDeafMusicianWhenpeopletreatyouwithlove,kindness,andunderstanding,youdevelopgoodfeelingsaboutyourself.Youhavea11serfimage.Whenpeopleignore,mistreat,orrejectyou,youtendtodevelopbadfeelingsaboutyourself.Atsuchtimesyourselfimageisnegative.No12howyoufeelaboutyourself,thereisanotheryou.Thisisthepersonyoushowl3yourpublicimage.Peoplereacttowhattheysee--toyourappearanceandl4.Theycannotreacttoyourthoughtsandfeelingsandhowyoureallyareinside.Thereisalsoathirdyou.Youhavel5iscalledanidealimage.Anidealimageisthepersonyouwouldliketobeandwouldlikeotherpeopletosee.Yourselfimage,yourpublicimage,andyouridealimagearepiecesofthecomplexpuzzleofpersonality.Anintegrated,orl6,personalityistheresultofthelongandsometimespainfulprocessofgrowingup.Atdifferentstagesoflife.peoplesidentifieschange.17,youprobablynowayeputtingyouridentityasachildbehindyouanddevelopingtheidentityofayoungadult.Allyourpreviousidentitieswilll8toyournewsenseofserf.Youcanfitallthesepiecesintoasatisfyingwhole.Todothisinvfiveseffortanddecisionmaking19onthinkingandreasoning.Remember,though,thatthisisnotaonetimeprocess.Aswithyourotherneeds,itisongoing.Everyone,20ofage,iscontinuallyworkingtowardbecomingwhatherorhisideaisofastable,wholeperson.11.A.standardB.positiveC.negativeD.wrong12.A.interestB.loveC.matterD.problem13.A.friendsB.audiencesC.peopleD.others14.A.behaviorB.thoughtC.feelingD.understanding15.A.seenB.oneC.otherD.what16.A.allB.wholeC.fullD.part17.A.InadditionB.IngeneralC.ForexampleD.Ontheaverage18.A.contributeB.introduceC.affectD.influence19.A.focusedB.dependedC.actedD.based20.A.insteadB.independentC.regardlessD.becauseⅢ.ReadingComprehension阅读下列短文。并从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并写在答题纸的相应括号内。PassageOneHollywoodisasuburbofthecityofLosAngelesinCalifornia.Until1908itwasnomorethanaquietvillageonthenorthernsideofthecity,butinthatyearWilliamSelig,oneofthefirstpeopletomakefilms,setupafilmproducingworkshopinLosAngeles.Byl911.DavidandWilliamHorselyhadsetupanotheroneinHollywood,andataboutthesametimeoilwasdiscoveredintheneighborhood.ThusHollywoodquicklybecameabigdistrictgivenovertothefilmindustryandtooilwells.TheearlymakersoffilmsfoundHollywoodagoodplacefortheirworkbecauseofitsclear,sunny,rain.freeWeather,whichallowedpicturestobetakenalltheyearround.Also,itwasknownthateverykindofsceneneededforfilms,whethertown,country,sea,desertorsnowcappedmountains,couldbefoundwithintheareaofCalifornia.Today.whenmostfilmscanbeshotundercoverbymanmadelighting.theseadvantagesarenotsoimportant.Inspiteofadropinitsimportance,Hollywoodremainsacenteroffilmproductionalthoughnowmakingmorefilmsfortelevisionthanforthecinema.21.Atthebeginningofthiscentury.HollywoodA.wasfamousforitsfilmindustryB.becameoneofthebiggestcitiesinCaliforniaC.hadonlyasmallpopulationD.becameasuburbofLosAngeles22.FilmscouldbetakenalltheyearroundinHollywoodbecause____.A.ofthefineweatherandvariedscenerythereB.thereweresnowcappedmountainsandtheseaC.oilwasdiscoveredinCaliforniaD.itwasinthesuburbs23.ThemainideaofthispassageisthatA.HollywoodisbecominglessadvantageousthanbeforeB.HollywoodmakesmoretelevisionfilmsthancinemafilmsC.HollywoodisfamousforbothitsoilindustryandfilmindustryD.HollywoodhasbeenthemostimportantfilmproductionplacesinceearlythiscenturyPassageTwoFootballis,Ibelieve,themostpopulargameinEnglandonehasonlytogotooneoftheimportantmatchestoseethis.Richandpoor,youngandold,onecanseethemallthere,shoutingforonesideortheother.Toastranger,oneofthemostsurprisingthingsaboutfootballinEnglandisthegreatknowledgeofthegamewhicheventhesmallestboyseemstohave.Hecantellyouthenamesoftheplayersinmostoftheimportantteams.Hehaspicturesofthemandknowstheresultsoflargenumbersofmatches.Hewilltellyouwhoheexpectswillwinsuchandsuchamatch,andhisopinionisusuallyasgoodasthatofmenthreeorfourtimeshisage.MostschoolsinEnglandtakefootballseriouslymuchmoreseriouslythannearlyallEuropeanschools,wherelessonsareallthatareimportant,andgamesareleftforthechildrenthemselves.InEngland,itisbelievedthateducationisnotonlyamatteroffillingaboysmindwithfactsintheclassroom,educationalsomeansthetrainingofcharactersandoneofthebestwaysoftrainingcharacterisbymeansofgames,especiallyteamgames,wherethechildhastolearntoworkwithothersforhisteam,insteadofworkingforhimselfalone.Theschoolthereforeplansgamesandmatchesforitspupils.Footballisagoodteamgame.Itisgoodbothforthebodyandthemind.ThatiswhyitiseveryschoolsgameinEngland.24.Atfootballmatches,peopleoften____oneteamortheotherbyshouting.A.beatC.winoverB.laughatD.support25.InalmostallEuropeancountries,lessonsare____.A.leftforthechildrenthemselvesB.whatthechildrenlikethemostC.isimportantasfootballgamesD.consideredthemostimportant26.InEngland,educationmeans____.A.fillingtheboysmindwithstoriesB.morethantheteachingofknowledgeC.theteachingofknowledgeonlyD.trainingcharacterbymeansoffootballgamesPassageThreeAllthatwereallyneedtoplotoutthefutureofouruniverseareafewgoodmeasurements.Thisdoesnotmeanthatwecansitdowntodayandoutlinethefuturecourseoftheuniversewithanythinglikecertainty.Therearestilltoomanythingswedonotknowaboutthewaytheuniverseisputtogether.Butwedoknowledge,andwehaveaprettygoodideaofhowtogoaboutgettingit.Perhapsthebestwaytothinkofourpresentsituationistoimagineatraincomingintoaswitchyard调车场.Alloftheswitches转辙器aresetbeforethetrainarrives,sothatitspathiscompletelydetermined.Someswitcheswecansee,otherswecannot.Thereisnotambiguityifwecanseethesettingofaswitchwecansaywithconfidencethatsomepossiblefutureswillnotmaterializeandotherswill.Attheunseenswitches,however,thereisnosuchcertainty.Weknowthetrainwilltakeoneofthetracksleadingout,butwehavenoideawhichone.Theunseenswitchesarethetruedecisionpointsinthefuture,andwhathappenswhenwearriveatthendeterminestheentiresubsequentcourseofevents.Whenwethinkaboutthefutureoftheuniverse,wecanseeouttrackmanybillionsofyearsintothefuture,butafterthattherearedecisionpointstobedealtwithandpossiblefatestoconsider.Thegoalofscienceistoreducetheambiguityatthedecisionpointsandfindthetrueroadthatwillbefollowed.27.WhatdoestheauthorseeasthefunctionoftheuniversesunseenswitchesA.Theytelluswhichoneofthetrackstheuniversewilluse.B.Theyenableustoalterthecourseoftheuniverse.C.TheygiveUSinformationaboutthelunarsurface.D.Theydeterminewhichcoursetheuniversewilltakeinthefuture.28.InLine8ofPara.2.thewordtrackcouldbestbereplacedbywhichofthefollowingA.bandB.railsC.pathD.sequence29.ForwhomistheauthorprobablywritingthispassageA.Trainengineers.B.Generalaudiences.C.ProfessorsofstatisticsD.Youngchildren.30.WhichofthefollowingstatementsbestdescribestheorganizationofthepassageA.Astatementillustratedbyananalogy类比.B.Ahypothesissupportedbydocumentation引用文献.C.Acomparisonoftwocontrastingtheories.D.Acriticalanalysisofacommonassumption.Ⅳ.WordSpelling将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。31.交响曲n.s____32.创造性的a.c____33.音乐家n.m____34.模仿者n.i____35.马戏团n.c____36.发言人n.s____37.统计学n.s____38.移民的a.i____39.任命,委任v.a____40.安乐死n.e____41.在全国范围内ad.n____42.议会,国会n.P____43.旋转v.r____44.宇航员n.a____45.使爆炸v.e____46.密集度n.d____47.投机v.s____48.个性n.P____49.客观的a.o____50.伴随v.a____Ⅴ.WordForm将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。51.Whattheywilldois____makeprisonersmoreangry,morehostile.52.Almosteverythingamanagerdoes____involvedecisions,indeed,somesuggestthatthemanagementprocessisdecisionmaking.53.ShakespearesRomeoandJulietintheoriginalisbeyondourcapacitywhilethe____simplifyeditionisquiteeasy.54.Einsteinsrelativitytheoryistheonlyonewhichcanexplainsuch____phenomenon.55.AUtheparties____concernwillturnupatthemeetingtomorrow.56.thecommitteedemandsthatnomembers____beabsent.57.Itisvery____considerofyoutosendmeabirthdaycard.58.Thesecretaryandheadmasteroftheschool____bepresentatthemeeting.59.Soiftheydocomplain,theyrisk____deport.60.Themorewelearnaboutotherpeople,the____muchweunderstandtheirideas.Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。61.决策者应该能够对将来做出最好的推测。62.如果我们认识了黑洞,黑洞就不那么可怕了。63.安乐死的确能解除临终病人的痛苦。64.据估计在英国工作的外籍家庭佣人有两万多人。65.现代音乐很注意观众和听众的参与。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。NotaGoldMineDreamsoffindinglosttreasurealmostcametruerecently.AnewmachinecalledTheRevealerhasbeeninventedandithasbeenusedtodetectgoldwhichhasbeenburiedintheground.Themachinewasusedinacaveneartheseashorewhereitissaidpiratesusedtohidegold.Thepirateswouldoftenburygoldinthecaveandthenfailtocollectit.Armedwiththenewmachine,asearchpartywentintothecavehopingtofindburiedtreasure.Theleaderofthepartywasexaminingthesoilneartheentrancetothecavewhenthemachineshowedthattherewasgoldundertheground.Veryexcited,thepartydugaholetwofeetdeep.Theyfinallyfoundasmallgoldcoinwhichwasalmostworthless.thepartythensearchedthewholecavethoroughlybutdidnotfindanythingexceptanemptytintrunk.Inspiteofthis.manypeopleareconfidentthatTheRevealermayrevealsomethingofvaluefairlysoon.参考答案Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure1.A2.B3.B4.D5.C6.C7.A8.D9.Al0.CⅡ.ClozeTest11.Bl2.Cl3.Dl4.Al5.D16.Bl7.Cl8.Al9.D20.CⅢ.ReadingComprehension21.C22.A23.C24.D25.D26.B27.D28.C29.B30.CⅣ.WordSpelling31.symphony32.creative33.musician34.imitator35.circus36.spokesman37.statistics38.immigrant39.appoint40.euthanasia41.nationwide42.parliament43.revolve44.astronaut45.explode46.density47.speculation48.personality49.objective50.accompanyⅤ.WordForm51.make52.involves53.simplified54.phenomena55.concerned56.shouldbe57.considerate58.was59.beingdeposed60.moreⅥ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish61.Decisionmakersshouldmakeabestguessatwhatthefuturewillbe.62.Blackholeswouldntbesointimidatingifweunderstandthem63.Euthanasiacanreallyrelievedyingpatientsfromtheirsuffering.64.Thereareestimatedtobemorethan20000overseasdomesticservantsworkinginBritain.65.Themodernmusicstressestheaudiencesparticipationintheperformance.Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese并非金矿近来,找到了失去财宝的梦想几乎成了现实。一台新的名叫显宝器的机器已被发明用来探寻埋在地下的黄金。这台机器曾在海岸附近的一个山洞里用过,据说海盗过去常常在那里藏金子,海盗们总是在这个洞里埋金子,而后来又没能拿走。带着这台新机器,一个探索队开进了山洞,希望能找到埋藏的金银财宝。这个队的领队在检查靠近洞口处的土壤时,机器显示出地底下有黄金。他们十分兴奋,挖了一个两英尺深的坑。最后总算找到了一枚小金币,但几乎一文不值。接着他们彻底搜索了这个洞穴,但除了一个空铁皮箱之外,什么都没找到。尽管如此,许多人相信这台显宝器可能不久揭示一些有价值的东西。单元综合测试题二Units610中间部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取单元综合测试题三Units1115中间部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取七、模拟试卷(完整版共4页,4套)模拟试卷一PARTONEⅠ.VocabularyandStructure10points.1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Itisdifficulttotheimplicationbetweenthelines.A.gettoB.getwithC.getatD.getdown2.Thevolleyballmatchwastelevised____onCCTV.A.aliveB.1ireC.1iveD.1ively3.Thenewspaperwillhavetoclosedownifitcannotincreaseits____considerably.A.distributionB.contributionC.presc6ptionD.circulation4.Thecentraltheatrehasaseating____ofmorethan3000people.A.capabilityB.capacityC.abilityD.facility5.Thefurnitureinherbedroomisquitedifferentfrominthelivingroom.A.thatB.itC.oneD.which6.Becauseofthebadweather,mesportsmeethadtobe____.A.shutdownB.doneawayC.takenoffD.calledoff7.Jennycomplainedthatthehospital____hertoomuchforthetreatment.A.expendedB.paidC.costD.charged8.Havingdecidedtorentaflat,we____contactinghousingagenciesinthecity.A.setaboutB.setdownC.setoutD.setup9.Thebookfairhasreceivedapositive____fromreaders.A.resultB.responseC.settlementD.solution10.Iftheoperation____carefullyprepared,itwouldnothavebeensuccessful.A.wasnotB.hasnotbeenC.hadnotbeenD.werenotⅡ.ClozeTest10points,1pointeach下列短文中有十个空白。每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。Thebasicprincipleofradarisillustratedbywhathappenswhenoneshoutsinacave.Theechooftheshouting11thewallshelpsapersondeterminethesizeofthecave.Withradar,however,thewavesareradiowavesinsteadof12waves.Radiowavestravel13thespeedoflight,about300000kilometersinasecond.Aradarset14ashortburstofradiowaves.Thenitreceivestheechoes15whenthewavesbounce反射offobjects.Bydeterminingthetimeit16fortheechoestoreturntotheradarset.atrainedtechnician17determinethedistancebetweentheradarsetandotherobjects.Thewordradar,18,9etsitsnamefromthetermradiodetectionandranging.Rangingisthetermfordetectionofthe19betweenanobjectandthetadarset.Besidesbeingofcriticalimportancetopilot.radaris20forairtrafficcontrol,fortrackingshipsatsea,andfortrackingweathersystemsandstorms.11.A.throughB.forC.onD.against12.A.soundB.1ightC.heatD.tide13.A.inB.atC.overD.on14.A.sendsoutB.worksoutC.figuresoutD.putsout15.A.producingB.producedC.produceD.produces16.A.spendsB.takesC.killsD.makes17.A.canB.mustC.oughttoD.hasto18.A.incaseB.inturnC.inshortD.infact19.A.1engthB.widthC.distanceD.space20.A.eventualB.internalC.externalD.essentialⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Amongthecompanywasalawyer,ayoungmanofabouttwentyfive.Onbeingaskedhisopinion,hesaid,Capitalpunishmentandlifeimprisonmentareequallyimmoral.IfIweretomakeachoicebetweenthem,Iwouldratherchoosethelatter.Anyway,itsbettertolivethannottoliveatall.Alivelydiscussionfollowed.Abanker,whowasthenyoungerandmorenervousthanthelawyer,suddenlylosthistemperandcriedout,Itsalie.Ibetyoutwomillions.Youwouldntstickinacellevenforfiveyears.Ifyoumeanit,repliedtheyounglawyer,IbetIllstaytherelongermakeitfifteeninsteadoffive.FifteenDonecriedthebanker.Gentleman,Ibetyoutwomillions.Agreed.Twomillionsformyfreedom,saidthelawyer.Sothiswild,ridiculousbetcametopass.Thebankercouldnothidehisexcitement.Duringsupperhesaidtothelawyerjokingly,Cometoyoursenses,youngman,beforeitstoolate.Twomillionsarenothingtome,butyoustandtolosethreeorfourofthebestyearsofyourlife.Isaythreeorfourbecauseyoullneverstickitoutanylonger.Dontforgetthatvoluntaryimprisonmentismuchhardertoputupwiththananenforcedone.Theideathatyouhavetherighttofreeyourselfanymomentwillpoisonyourlifeinthecell.Ipityyou.Andnowthebanker,pacingfromcomertocorner,recalledallthisandaskedhimself,WhydidImakethisbetWhatsthegood7ThelawyerlostfifteenyearsofhislifeandIthrewawaytwomillions.WillitconvincepeoplethatcapitalpunishmentisworseorbetterthanimprisonmentforlifeNo,noRubbishIonmypart,itwasthecaprice心血来潮ofawell.fedmillionaireonthelawyerspart,itsthepuregreedofgold.21.Thelawyerwouldchooselifeimprisonmentbecause____.A.hewasyoungerthanthebankerB.capitalpunishmentwasimmoralC.itwasbetterthancapitalpunishmentD.thebankerwouldgivehim20000022.Theauthorconsidersthebetbetweenthelawyerandthebanker____.A.interestingB.ridiculousC.capriciousD.instructive23.Thewordcompanyinthefirstparagraphrefersto____.A.companionsB.bankersC.1awyersD.prisoners24.Thebankerwasextremelyexcitedbecause____.A.hewastoorichtocareforthemoneyB.hewassureofhiswinningthebetC.thelawyerwouldgiveupinl5yearsD.thelawyerwouldgiveupbefore5years25.Intheend.thebankerconsidershisbetwiththelawyer____.A.rationalB.reasonableC.beneficialD.unreasonablePassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Onlinelearningisalsocalleddistanceeducation,whichhelpsstudentswhotakeclassesbycomputerovertheInternettolearncertaincoursesandearnadegree.Andithasbecomemoreandmorepopularwithbothyoungpeopleandeducationalinstitutions.TheSchoolofContinuingandprofessionalStudiesofNewYorkUniversityinManhattanbeganonlineclassesinl992.ItsVirtualSchoolhastaughtmorethanl0000studentsfromacrosstheUnitedStatesandothercountries.Lastyear.theschoollaunchedNYUOnline.ItoffersNYUsfirstonlineprogramsforabachelorsdegree.Programsareofferedinthreeareasleadershipandmanagement,informationsystemsmanagementandsocialsciences.Theclassesarehighlyinteractive,wherestudentscommunicatewitheachotherandtheirteachers.Someclassesrequirestudentstologinatthesametimesotheycanattendlivelecturesbyaprofessor.Studentscanalsoaskquestionsandworktogetheronteamprojects.ThecosttoattendNYUOnlinedependsonhowmanyclassesastudentistotake.Itcostsasmuchasfifteenthousanddollarsayear.NYUoffersnofinancialaidforinternationalstudentsinthisprogram.Ifyouareinterestedintheprogram,youcangetmoredetailsatthewebsitewww.nyu.edu.Manyotherschools,too,offeronlineeducation.Studentsshouldbeespeciallycarefulofprogramsthatofferadegreeinreturnforlittleornowork.Theseareknownasdiplomamills,andareillegalintheUnitedStates.Educationaladvisersalsosaythatbeforeyouenteranyprogram,makesuretheworkwillberecognizedinyourcountry.Youshouldalsomakesuretheschoolsyouareconsideringareofficiallyapproved.26.Thethirdparagraphismainlyaboutthe____oftheprogramsoftheSchool.A.academicgoalandsystemB.CoursesandlearningmodeC.1earningmethodsandclassesD.coursesandrequirements27.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethatinternationalstudentsintheprograms____.A.getfullscholarshipB.paynotuitionC.getnofinancialsupportD.earnmoremoney28.ManyAmericanschoolsofferonlineprograms,andinternationalstudents____.A.shouldbecarefulofbeingcheatedB.arecertaintoearnadegreeC.shouldknowaboutprogrammingD.arefacedwithmanydifficulties29.Thewordworkinthesecondlineofthelastparagraphmostprobablymeans____.A.whatastudenthaswrittenatschoolB.whatastudenthasLearnedatschoolC.whatastudenthasreadatschoolD.whatastudenthasachievedacademically30.ThepaymentforonlineprogramsofNYUisbasedon____.A.thenumberofclassesastudentattendsB.thenumberofstudentsaprofessorinstructsC.thenumberofsemestersastudentspendsD.thenumberofpresentationsastudentmakesPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Anunderstandingofmanseffectonthebalanceofnatureiscrucial关键的tobeingabletofindtheappropriateremedialaction.Itisaverycommonbeliefthattheproblemsofthepopulationexplosionarecausedmainlybypoorpeoplelivinginpoorcountrieswhodonotknowenoughtolimittheirreproduction.Thisisnottrue.Theactualnumberofpeopleinanareaisnotasimportantastheeffecttheyhaveonnature.Developingcountriesdohaveaneffectontheirenvironment,butitisthepopulationsofrichercountriesthathaveafargreaterimpactontheearthasawhole.Forexample,tropicalforestsareknowntobeessentialtothebalanceofnature,yetwearedestroyingthematagreatrate.Theyarebeingclearednottobenefitthenativesofthatcountry,buttosatisfytheneedsofrichcountries.CentralAmericanforestsarebeingdestroyedforgrasslandtomakepetfoodintheUnitedStatescheaperinPapuaNewGuinea,forestsaredestroyedtosupplycheapercardboardpackagingforJapaneseelectronicproductsinBurmaandThailand,forestshavebeendestroyedtoproducemoreattractivefurnitureinSingaporeandHongKong.Therefore,arichpersonlivingthousandsofmilesawaymaycausemoretropicalforestdestructionthanapoorpersonlivingintheforestitself.Inshort,itiseverybodysdutytosafeguardthefutureofmankindnotonlythroughpopulationcontrol.butbybeingmoreawareoftheeffecthisactionshaveonnature.Natureisbothfragileandpowerful.Itisveryeasilydestroyedontheotherhand,itcaneasilydestroyitsmostdangerousenemyman.31.Accordingtothefirstparagraph,peopleusuallybelievethat____.A.poorpeopleinpoorcountriescontributetotheimbalanceofnatureB.richpeopleknowhowtoprotecttheenvironmentbytakingactionsC.peopleinpoorareasknowalotaboutthebirthcontrolD.richpeopleinrichcountriesIlavedonealottobalancenature32.Intheauthorsopinion,____.A.developingcountriesshouldberesponsibleforenvironmentalproblemsB.overpopulationintheworldiscreatedbythedevelopedcountriesC.richcountriesexerciseworseinfluenceonenvironmentthanpoorcountriesD.allcountriesshouldbringthepopulationgrowthundercontrol33.Thepurposeofthesecondparagraphismainlytoillustrate____.A.howtheforestsintheU.S.arebeingdestroyedB.whichcountriesarethevictimsoftheimbalanceofnatureC.whatJapanhasdonetodevelopitsowneconomyD.howSouthAsiancountriesmakequalityfurniture34.Natureisveryeasilydestroyedby____.A.richpeopleB.poorpeopleC.naturaldisastersD.mankind35.Thetopicofthepassageisthat____.A.thecontrolofpopulationisessentialtothedevelopmentofanationB.naturalresourcesareimportanttotheeconomicdevelopmentofacountryC.awarenessoftheeffectsofmansactionsisasimportantaspopulationcontrolD.developedcountriesshoulddomoretoprotectnaturalenvironmentontheearthPARTTWOⅣ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.到国外在国外ad.a____37.相反的不利的a.a____38.帝国n.e____39.典礼,仪式n.e____40.环境境遇n.c____41.密集度,稠密度n.d____42.出现,涌现v.e____43.扩大,放大n.e____44.特征,特色n.f____45.杂志n.m____46.移民,侨民n.i____47.许可执照n.l____48.同时,其间n.m____49.需要,必需品n.n____50.服从,听从v.o____51.四月a.A____52.根本的,激进的a.r____53.狡猾的难处理的a.t____54.策略,战略n.s____55.宇宙的,普遍的a.u____Ⅴ.WordForm10points,1pointforeachitem将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。56.Smallshopsofferproductsthatrangefrominexpensivetoexpensive,____dependontheshop.57.Ourtrainingprogramcoversarangeof____effectmanagementtechniques.58.Largesumsofmoneyhaveto____spendeachyearonrailwayconstruction.59.HesawaletterlyingOffthetable____addresstohim.60.Itishighly____desirethatthegovernmentgivethecompanymorefinancialsupport.61.Shehadanoutward____appear,butdeepdownshewasreallyworried.62.Therearea____surpriselargenumberofmistakesinthetestpaper.63.Weather____permit,thefootballmatchwillbeplayedonWednesday.64.Helayperfectlystilland____playdeadtoescapecapturebytheenemy.65.Wearesupposed____followtheteachersinstructions.Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointsforeachitem将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.当人类对周围的环境开始发问时,科学就诞生了。67.他尽管病得很重,但还是参加了会议。68.这项研究结果表明白日梦有助于提高一个人适应新环境的能力。69.直到这次求职面试失败,他才意识到英语学习的重要性。70.随着经济发展和社会进步,人们越来越关心生活质量。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Whenyouturnonthetelevision,putonyourshoesordrivetoastore,youreusingenergy.Energyisoneofthemostfundamentalforcesintheworld.Animalsuseenergytowalkandrun.Treesandplantsuseenergytogrow.Peopleuseittoworkandplay.Energyiseverywhereinnatureinthelightofthesun,inthewind,intheforest,inwatercurrentsanderuptingvolcanoes.Withoutenergy,thereisnolife.Weuseourownenergyconstantlyandwecontinuallymakeriseofallkindsofenergy.Energycanbedividedintotwodifferenttypesstoredenergyanddynamicenergy.Storedenergyiscalledpotentialenergy,andthelatterreferstoenergyinmotion.Ifvonstretchoutarubberband,thisproducespotentialenergy.Ifyouletitgo,itmovesandproducesthedynamicenergy.参考答案及评分标准Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure本大题共l0小题,每小题l分,共10分1.C2.C3.D4.B5.A6.D7.D8.A9.Bl0.CⅡ.ClozeTest本大题共l0小题,每小题l分,共10分11.Dl2.Al3.Bl4.Al5.B16.Bl7.Al8.Dl9.C20.DⅢ.ReadingComprehension本大题l5小题。每小题2分,共30分21.C22.B23.A24.B25.D26.B27.C28.A29.D30.A31.A32.C33.B34.D35.CⅣ.WordSpelling本大题共20小题,每两小题1分,共10分36.abroad37.adverse38.empire39.ceremony40.circumstance41.density42.emerge43.enlarge44.feature45.magazine46.immigrant47.1iceneense48.meantime49.necessity50.obey51.April52.radical53.tricky54.strategy55.universal【评分标准】多写、少写或错写一个或一个以上的字母均为错。Ⅴ.WordForm本大题共l0小题,每小题l分,共10分56.depending57.effective58.bespent59.addressed60.desirable61.appearance62.surprisingly63.permitting64.played65tofollow【评分标准】语法错误或拼写错误均不给分。Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish{本大题共5小题。每小题3分,共15分66.Sciencecameintobeingwhenmanbegantoaskquestionsabouthisenvironment.67.Despitehisseriousillness,hecameto/attendedthemeeting.orAlthoughhewasseriouslyill,hecameto/attendedthemeeting.68.Thestudyindicatesthatdaydreaminghelpstoimproveapersonsabilitytoadapthimselftoanewenvironment.69.HedidntrealizetheimportanceofEnglishlearninguntilhefailedinthejobinterview.orNotuntilhefailedinthejobinterviewdidherealizetheimportanceofEnglishlearning.orItwasnotuntilhefailedinthejobinterviewthatherealizedtheimportanceofEnglishlearning.70.Withtheeconomicdevelopmentandsocialprogress,peopleareincreasinglyconcernedwiththequalityoflife.【评分标准】1主要语法错误如动词时态、语态、虚拟语气、主谓一致、否定、疑问以及其他句型错误或影响基本句意的重要用词错误扣1分。2非基本语法错误如介词、代词、冠词、大写、标点等错误以及不影响基本句意的用词错误每两处扣1分。3拼写错误每两处扣l分。拼写错误本大题总扣分不超过3分。4如所用句型与答案不一致,只要语言和意义正确,均应给分。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese本大题l5分当你打开电视、穿鞋子、或驾车购物,你都在消耗能量。能量是世界上一钟最基本的力。动物行走、奔跑,树木、植物生长,人类工作和消遣,都在消耗能量。能量存在于阳光、风、树林、水流和喷发的火山中,自然界中无处不在。没有能量,就没有生命。我们在不断地消耗自身的能量,也在不断地消耗其他种类的能量。能量有两种不同的类型储能和动能。储能被称之为潜能,而动能被称之为运动能。如果你把橡皮筋拉长,这就产生了潜能你一松手,它就会收缩并产生动能。【评分标准】短文英译汉的评分标准按译文质量分为15~13分、l2~10分、97分、6~4分和3~1分五个档次。各档次标准如下115~13分。全文翻译正确或基本正确,汉语表达通顺。21210分。全文主要内容翻译正确或基本正确,汉语表达通顺,但有少数语句翻译错误。39~7分。全文不少于一半的内容基本正确,汉语表达尚通顺,有一些语句翻译错误。46~4分。少部分内容翻译基本正确,有较多的语句翻译错误。53~1分。仅译对个别句子。6全文译错或译出零星单词或全文未译,不给分。7缺译的语句按完全译错处理。根据以上评分档次描述,评分可在相应的档次内上下浮动。剩余部分略完整版请QQ67460666TEL13783816366索取

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