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自考核心精华考点 自考00015英语(二) 自考笔记内部资料.doc

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自考核心精华考点 自考00015英语(二) 自考笔记内部资料.doc

更多资料请联系QQ1273114568宝剑锋从磨砺出,梅花香自苦寒来目录完整版29页单词表organizationalɔgənaizeiʃənla.组织(上)的goalgəuln.1.目的,目标2.得分进球,球门objectiveɔbdʒektivn.目标,目的a.1.客观的,真实的2.如实的,无偏见的accomplishəkʌmpliʃvt.完成(任务等)predictpridiktvt./vi.预言预示accompanyəkʌmpənivt.1.伴随,陪同2.为伴奏完整版请加QQ1273114568implementimpliməntvt.实现完成(任务等)履行(协定、诺言等)constraintkənstreintn.1.强制2.强制因素,制约条件precedentpresidəntn.先例,前例simplifysimplifaivt.简化tendencytendənsin.趋势,倾向managerialmænədʒiəriəla.1.经理的,管理人的2.管理上的,经营上的makermeikən.制造者制造商achievementətʃivməntn.1.完成,达到2.成就,成绩attainəteinvt.达到完成optimalɔptiməla.最适宜的最理想的suboptimizationsʌbɔptimaizeiʃənn.局部最优化(指使整体目标中的某个选定目标圆满实现)tradeofftreidɔfn.1.(对不能同时兼顾的因素)权衡2.物物交换argueɑgjuvt./vi.争辨,争论,辩论vt.1.说服2.用辩论证明budgetbʌdʒitn.预算vt.1.把编入预算2.安排,预定schemeskimn.计划方案vt./vi.计划,策划definedifainvt.1.解释,给下定义2.限定,规定multiplemʌltipla.多样的,复合的n.倍数profitabilityprɔfitəbilitin.赚钱,获利correctnesskərektnisn.正确,正确性unintendedʌnintendida.非计划中的,非故意的ongoingɔngəuiŋa.进行中的,前进的entityentitin.1.存在,实体2.统一性skilledskilda.熟练的有技能的intheway挡路碍事makeaguessat猜测andthelike等等,诸如此类seekto追求,争取inpart部分地,在某种程度上pointofview观点interviewintəvjuvt./n.1.面谈,采访2.面试,口试criticismkritisizəmn.批评评论candidatekændideitn.1.候选人,候补者2.应试者vagueveiga.含糊的不明确的notionnəuʃən1.概念2.想法,看法prospectprɔspektn.1.展望,景象2.常pl.前景,前程communitykəmjunitin.社区共同体unattractiveʌnətræktiva.无吸引力的不引人注意的indifferenceindifrənsn.冷漠不感兴趣(to)interviewerintəvjuən.接见者面谈者personalitypəsənælitin.个性人格品格prospectiveprəspektiva.预期的未来的speechlessspitʃlisa.1.不会说话的2.不说话的clarificationklærifikeiʃənn.澄清,阐明correspondencekɔrispɔndənsn.1.符合,一致2.通信photocopyfəutəukɔpivt./n.1.复印,影印2.照相复制本resumerezjumein.1.摘要,梗概2.个人简历inefficiencyinifiʃənsin.无效效能差neatnita.整洁的简洁的整齐的conservativekənsəvətiva.1.保存的,防腐的2.保守的,守旧的punkpʌŋkn.1.(俚)阿飞2.朋克(70年代以来英国、美国的年轻人中的颓废派)a.颓废派的miniskirtminiskətn.超短裙panelpænln.专门小组intimidateintimideitvt.恐吓,恫吓clutchklʌtʃvt./vi.抓住,握紧gripgripvt./n.1.紧握,紧夹2.掌握,控制painfulpeinfula.1.痛苦的2.费力的rephraserifreizvt.重新措辞,改用别的话表示applyfor申请daytoday(daytoday)work日常工作takethetroubleto不辞劳苦,费力putoneselfinsomebodysplace设身处地toonesadvantage对某人有利askfor1.请求,向要2.寻找inhand手头上有makesure1.查明,弄确实2.确信atadisadvantage处于不利地位turndown1.拒绝2.调小或调低3.翻下astronomerəstrɔnəmən.天文学家escapeiskeipvi./vt.逃跑避免n.1.逃跑2.逃路,出口exertigzətvt.尽(力)发挥(威力等)施加(压力等)产生(影响等)行使(职权等)explodeikspləudvt.使爆炸vi.爆炸突发densitydensitin.1.密集度,稠密度2.物化密度完整版请加QQ1273114568collapsekəlæpsvt./vi./n(使)倒塌,(使)崩溃(使)瓦解supernovasjupənəuvən.天超新星daytimedeitaimn.白天,日间dwarfdwɔfn.1.矮子2.天矮星(~star,如太阳)shrinkʃriŋkvt./vi./n.收缩缩小vi./n.退缩,畏缩gravitygrævitin.1.严肃,认真2.严重性,重要性3.物重力,地球引力marblemɑbln.1.(游戏用的玻璃、石头等做的)弹子2.大理石a.大理石的,大理石般的boundarybaundərin.分界线,边界observerəbzəvən.1.遵守者,奉行者2.观察者,监视者interchangeableintə()tʃeindʒəbla.可交换的可互换的constantkɔnstənta.1.永恒的,经久不变的2.经常的,不断的n.数常数measurementmeʒəməntn.衡量,测量implicationimplikeiʃənn.1.含意,暗示2.牵连,涉及,卷入basisbeisisn.1.基础,根据2.主要成份3.军事基地launchlɔntʃvt.1.发射,投射2.使(船)下水3.发动,发起(运动等)n.发射,(船)下水galaxygæləkəsin.1.天星系,G银河系,银河2.一群出色(或著名)的人物observatoryəbzəvətərin.1.天文台2.了望台convincingkənvinsiŋa.有说服力的,使人信服的binarybainəria.1.二,双,复2.数二进制的n.1.二,双(体),复(体)twintwina.1.双胞胎的2.两个相似部分组成的n.1.双胞胎之一,pl.双胞胎2.两个相象的人或物3.Twins天双子座companionkəmpænjənn.1.同伴,同事2.天伴星speculationspekjuleiʃənn.1.推测,猜测2.投机完整版请加QQ1273114568swallowswɔləuvt.吞咽mankindmænkaindn.人类operateɔpəreitvi.1.运转,起作用2.动手术(on,upon)vt.1.操作,操纵,经营2.对动手术researchinto研究speculationabout关于猜测中间部分略完整版请QQ1273114568索取重点短语完整版请加QQ1273114568Unit1A1.courseofaction行动步骤,办事程序,做事方案whatisthebestcourseofactionwecantake我们采取什么办法最好Yourbestcourseofactionistoforgetaboutthewholeunfortunatematter.你最好的方法是忘掉这一切不幸。2.intheway挡路,阻碍,妨碍Imafraidyourcarisintheway.看来你的汽车挡着道了。Ileftthemalone.asIfeltIwasintheway.我觉得自己碍他们的事,就走了。3.tomakeaguessat对进行猜测Makeaguessatananswer,please请猜一下答案IfImightmakeaguessatherage,Idsayshewasabout30.要让我猜她年龄的话,我看她大概三十岁。4.toblindsbtosth使某人看不到某物,使某人对某物丧失判断力Hisdesiretodoitblindedhimtoallthedifficulties.他急于做事的愿望让他对困难一无所知。Herloreforhimblindedhertohisfaults.她非常爱他,这让她对他的缺点丧失了判断力。5.tocontributetosth1促成,导致Doessmokingcontributetolungcancer吸烟会导致肺癌吗Carelessnesscontributedtohiserrors.粗心大意造成了他的错误。2有助于,增添Herworkhascontributedenormouslytoourunderstandingofthisdifficultsubject.她的著作非常有助于我们对这个难题的了解。Wehopeyoursuggestionwillcontributetosolvingtheproblem.我们希望你的建议将有助于解决这个问题。,3捐助,捐赠,贡献tocontributeaidtorefugees/contributetotheRedCross向难民提供援助/捐助红十字会Everyoneshouldcontributewhathecanaffordtoit.人人都应该尽自己的能力做贡献。4撰稿,投稿Shehascontributedtoliterarymagazines.她给几家文学刊物投了稿。6.astateofaffairs情况,局势Whatashockingstateofaffairs局势真惊人哪Thatwasthestateofaffairsbeforetheelection.选举前的情况就是那样。7.toseektodosth设法做某事Theyareseekingtomislead.他们竭力进行误导。Theysoughttobringtheirconflicttoanend.他们试图结束冲突。8.theschemeofthings事物的规律,安排Intheschemeofthings,itishardforsmallbusinessestosucceed.一般来说按事物的规律,小本生意难做。9.inpart部分地在某种程度上Hissuccesswasdueinparttoluck.在某种程度上,他成功靠的是运气。Werelosingmoneyinpartbecause,withourancientcomputers,wecantstaycompetitive.我们在赔钱在某种程度上是因为我们仍用旧的计算机,缺乏竞争力。10.varyfromto从变为在与之间变化Hermoodvariedfromoptimismtoextremedepression.她的情绪一下子由乐观变为极度消沉。Thesefishvaryinweightfrom31bto5lb.这些鱼的重量从三磅到五磅不等。Unit1B1.toapplyfor申请,请求toapplyforajob/post/passport/visa/scholarship申请工作/职位/护照/签证/奖学金toapplytothepublishersforthepermissiontoreprintanextract向出版者请求准予转印节录2.daytoday1日常的,每日常规工作的Shehasbeenlookingafterthedayto.dayadministration.她一直做日常的管理工作。2逐日的Ihaveorganizedthecleaningonadaytodaybasis,untiltheusualcleanerreturns.我已经安排了清洁工回来前的逐日清洁工作。3.tohavenoidea不知道无能力Hehasnoideahowtomanagepeople.他根本不知道如何做人事工作。YouhavenoideahowworriedIwas你根本不知道我有多么担心4.totakethetroubletodosth费力做某事,不辞劳苦做某事Decentjournalistsshouldtakethetroubletocheckthefacts.责任心强的新闻工作者应该不厌其烦地核实报导内容。Nobodytookthetroubletocomforttheangrywoman.没有人费力去劝劝那位愤怒的女人,5.toputoneselfinsbsplace设身处地替某人着想Ifyouputyourselfinmyplace.youwouldunderstandit.设身处地替我想一下,你就会理解的。cf.insbsplace处于某人的境地Whatwouldyoudoinmyplace你要是我会怎样做InherplaceIdsellthelot.我要是她的话就全部卖掉。6.toonesadvantage对某人有利,对某人有帮助YouwillfindittoyouradvantagetolearnsomeGermanbeforeyouvisitSwitzerland.你会发现去瑞士前学一点德语将对你有好处。Itwouldbetoourmutualadvantagetocontinuethetrainingcentre.把培训中心继续办下去对我们双方都有好处。cf.toonesdisadvantage对某人不利,有损某人的声誉Itwouldbetoyourdisadvantagetoinvestintheproject.在这个工程上投资对你会十分不利。Haveyouheardoftheturnoutstohisdisadvantage你听说那些对他不利的谣言了吗7.atadisadvantage处于不利地位HisinabilitytospeakEnglishputhimatadisadvantage.他不会说英语,这使他很吃亏。Theyareworkingatagreatdisadvantage.他们正在非常不利的情况下工作。8.toaskfor要求,请求Didyouaskyourbossforapayincrease你请求老板加薪了吗Drivingafterdrinkingalcoholisaskingfortrouble.酒后开车是自讨苦吃。9.inhand1在手中持有在手头随时可用Istillhavesomemoneyinhand.我手头还有些钱。2在控制下Wehavethesituationwellinhand.我们完全控制住了局面。3正在办理、处理之中Theworkisinhandandwillsoonbecompleted.这项工作正在进行之中,不久即可完成。10.tomakesureof/that1弄清楚,核实,查明Ithinkthedoorslocked.butIdbettergoandmakesureofit/thatitis.我想门已经锁了,但我最好还是去查实一下。2设法确保Wehavemadearrangementstomakesurethatthevisitgoeswell为确保参观顺利进行我们已经做了安排。11.toturndown1toturnsb/sthdown顶回,拒不理会,拒绝Hetriedtojointhearmybutwasturneddownbecauseofpoorhealth.他想参军,但因身体欠佳而被断然拒绝。HeaskedJanetomarryhimbutsheturnedhimdown.他请求简嫁给他,可她拒绝了。2toturnsthdown调节炉具、收音机等使热量、音量、温度等降低Dontforgettoturndownthegasafteranhourorso.别忘了过一小时左右把煤气关小点儿。TurnthetaperecorderdownImtryingtogetsomesleep.把录音机关小点儿我想睡一会儿。12.assoonas一就,不迟于Heleftassoonasheheardthenews.他一听到这消息就走了。Illtellhimassoonaspossible.我会尽快告诉他的。中间部分略完整版请QQ1273114568索取重点难点句子详解完整版请QQ1273114568索取Unit1A1.Adecisionisachoicemadefromamongalternativecoursesofactionthatareavailable.决策就是从可选的行动方案中做出选择。本句中courseofaction是固定搭配,意为行动步骤办事程序做事方案。that从句为定语从句,修饰courses,介词短语amongavailable作from的宾语,另如Theyweremostlyelectedfromamongtheworkers.他们大多数是从工人中选出来的。Hetookhiswatchfromunderthepillow.他从枕头下把表拿了出来。Wedidntmeetuntilaftertheshow.我们直到演出后才见面。2.somesuggestthatthemanagementprocessisdecisionmaking.有人认为管理过程就是决策过程。当suggest意为建议时,后面从句中的谓语动词使用虚拟语气,即should动词原形形式,而当suggest表达认为提出暗示时,则不用虚拟语气。例如Itissuggestedthatthemeetingshouldbeheldatsomeothertime.人们建议会议改期进行。Shesmiled,buthereyessuggestedthatshewasnothappyatall.她笑了笑,但眼神却显示出她并不幸福。AreyousuggestingthatIamtoooldforthejob你是说我老得干不了这份工作3.decisionmakingincludeslimitingalternativesaswellasidentifyingthem.决策既包括识别选项又包括缩小选项范围。在AaswellasB结构中,语义侧重点通常在A项,一般可理解为不仅B,而且A或既B又A。例如Thereareadvantagesaswellasdisadvantagesoffriction.摩擦力既有消极作用,也有积极作用。中间部分略完整版请QQ1273114568索取课文译文Unit1A什么是决策决策就是从现成的行动方案中做出选择,它旨在确立并实现组织机构的目标及指标。之所以要决策,是因为有问题存在,目标或指标错误,或者有某种东西妨碍了它们的实现。因此,决策过程对于管理至关重要。管理者所做的一切几乎都与决策有关。事实上,有人认为管理过程就是决策过程。管理者虽然不能预测未来,但很多决策要求他们考虑未来可能发生的情况。通常,他们必须对未来事态做出最佳猜测,使偶然情况尽可能少地发生。不过,由于未知情况总是存在,风险与决策则往往相伴。有时,决策的疏漏不会造成严重的后果,但有时后果则不堪设想。选择就是从不同选项中进行取舍。没有选择,就没有决策。决策制订就是选择的过程,而且许多决策有着很广的选择范围。例如,学生为了实现自己获得学位的目标,就可能从多门课程中进行选择。对管理者来说,每次决策都受到政策、程序、法律、惯例等因素的制约。这些制约存在于一个组织的方方面面。选项就是可供选择的种种行动方案。没有选项,就没有选择,当然也谈不上决策。如果看不到任何选项,通常表明对问题尚未进行全面的分析研究。例如,管理者看待问题,有时采取两者择一非此即彼的方式,把复杂的问题简单化。这种倾向使他们难以看到某些选项。在管理层次上,制订决策包括识别选项及缩小选项范围两个方面,这个范围可以从极为狭窄到近乎无限不等。决策者必须掌握某种方法判定其中的最佳选项,也就是说,哪个选项对实现组织目标最为有利。组织目标指该组织要努力完成或达到的目的或情形。由于个人和组织对实现目标的方式常常见解不一,最佳选择可能就取决于决策者了。有时,一个组织的下属机构做出的决策有利于自己的个体利益,但对上一级部门来说,却并非最佳选择,这种增加局部机构的利益,同时减少其他机构的利益,在不能两全情况下做出的取舍,即所谓的局部最优化。例如,市场经理为增加广告预算,可能讲得头头是道,然而,从全局方案来看,增加优化产品的研究经费也许对整个组织有更多好处。这种权衡利弊进行取舍的做法之所以存在,是因为一个组织想要同时达到的目标很多。有些目标虽然相比之下更为重要,但其重要性及紧迫性往往因人因部门而各不相同。不同的管理者对同一问题有着不同的看法,当他们面对一件日常事例时,销售经理趋向于看销售问题,生产经理着眼于生产问题,如此等等。一个组织多种目标的紧迫性与重要性部分地取决于决策者的价值观念。这种价值具有个人色彩,而且复杂多变,他们自己甚至也因此难以捉摸。在很多商业场合,对于风险与收益,不同的人有不同的接受标准,这使他们对决策正确与否也看法各异。人们常常认为,决策是一个孤立的现象。但从系统的观点看,问题的产生有多种原因,决策既有预期的结果,也有意料之外的结果。一个组织是一个在发展中的实体,今天所作的决策可能在很远的将来才会有结果,因此,老练的管理者决策时总是放眼未来。中间部分略完整版请QQ1273114568索取课后答案Unit1AExercisesfortheTextⅠ.阅读理解1.d.alloftheabove.2.C.decision更多资料请联系QQ1273114568宝剑锋从磨砺出,梅花香自苦寒来makingalsomeansrisktaking3.C.Alternatives,choice,decision4.a.isgoodforalargeorganization5.d.personalbeliefsⅡ.从课文中找出下列词语的同义词1.alternative2。fundamental3.accompany4.implement5.precedent6.attain7.objectives8.vary9.multiplel0.isolateⅢ.词义搭配1.C.makedecisions2.d.designprograms3.i.solveproblems4.j.surviveaccidents5.g.seizeopportunities6.e.pursuestudies7.h.attaingoals8.a.earnmoney9.f.consumetimel0.b.paydebtsⅣ.完形填空OneeveningwhilemywifeandIwereentertainingourdinnerguests,ourfiveyearolddaughterDebbiehelpedhermotherservedessert甜食.Debbiebroughtthefirstsliceofpiefromthekitchenandplacedtheplateinfrontofme.Ipolitelypassedittothewomannexttome.DebbieputanothersliceofpiebeforemeandagainwatchedasIpassedittoanotherguest.Youmightaswellkeepit,mydaughtersaid.Theyreallthesamesize.Ⅴ.汉译英1.Decisionmakersshouldmakeabestguessatwhatthefuturewillbe.2.Somepeoplesuggestthateverythingamanagerdoesinvolvesdecisions.3.Ifthereisnorightchoice.thereisnorightdecisiontobemade.4.Solutionsvarybecausedifferentpeopledefinethesameproblemindifferentterms.5.Adecisionmakerisusuallythekeytobusinessdevelopmentofacompany。完整版请加QQ1273114568VocabularyExercisesⅠ.用所绐单词的适当形式填空1.a.beorganizedb.organizationalC.organization2.a.simpleb.simplifiedC.simplyd.simplification3.a.profitb.profitablec.profitability4.a.intentionb.intendedc.unintendedⅡ.用下列单词的适当形式填空1.precedent2.skilled3.achievement4.implement5.optimal6.goal7.accomplish8.accompanies9.tendencyl0.ongoingⅢ.汉译英1.Hewasaccompaniedtotheconcertbyhisfriends.2.Hehasarguedheroutofherdecision.3.Hissuccesswasdueinparttoluck.4.Inaccordancewithhissuggestion.theprocedurehasbeenremarkablysimplified.5.Thebroadcaststationpredictedthatitwouldbecoldertomorrow.6.Movementisdefinedasachangeinpositionorplace.中间部分略完整版请QQ1273114568索取单元测试题Unit1Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。1.Franklinsabilitytolearnfromobservationsandexperience____greatlytohissuccessinpubliclife.A.owedB.contributedC.relatedD.attached2.Shedidnotgotherewiththem,asshefeltshewas____.A.bythewayB.innowayC.inthewayD.inaway3.Hiswordsandexpressionsuggestedthathe____satisfiedwiththeanswer.A.wasB.shouldC.beD.is4.Thehandwritingisdifficultto____.A.readB.bereadC.readingD.beingreading5.Theimportanceofmultipleobjectivesisalsobased.____,onthevaluesofthedecisionmaker.A.inaheadB.inhandC.inpartD.onthepart6.Theywrotealetterofthanksto____hadhelpedthem.A.whoB.whomC.whomeverD.whoever7.TomsfluentEnglishgiveshimanadvantage____otherboysforthejob.A.aboveB.withC.thanDover8.Hetriedtojointhearmybutwas____becauseofhispoorhealth.A.turnedoverB.turnedonC.turneddownD.turnedback9.Wemadeplansforavisitbut____difficultieswiththecarpreventedit.A.subordinateB.subsequentC.afterwardD.consequent10.Hehasnowordtosaythismatter.A.asforB.astoC.assinceD.asfarasⅡ.WordSpelling将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及用短线表示的其余字母数均已给出。1.完成,实现v.a____2.后果,结果n.c____3.目标,目的n.o____4.定义,解释n.d____5.现象n.P____6.伴随,陪同v.a____7.识别v.i____8.趋势n.t____9.社区共同体n.c____10.保守的保存的adj.e____11.预言预示v.P____12.计划方案n.s____13.熟练的有技能的adj.s____14.达到完成v.a____15.当前的adj.c____16.面试面谈n.i____17.展望,景象n.P____18.个性人格n.P____19.澄清阐明n.e____20.批评评论n.c____Ⅲ.WordForm将括号中的各词变为适当形式填入空白。1.Ifheshouldfail,we____couragehimtotryagain.2.Shestoodup____seebetter.3.Hespenta____profitafternooninthelibrary.4.Forthesakeof____simple。thetaxformisdividedintothreesections.5.Her____coldofmannerandapparentaloofnessdistressedhimgreatly.6.WhenBobsfatherdied。he、receivedmanypeopleshelpand____sympathetic.7.Thesepeopleremain____isolatefromtheoutsidesocietyevennowadays.8.Asthewageswerelow,therewerefew____applyforthisposition.9.We____objecttoacceptinghisadvice.10.Theyfileddownstairswiththejob____accomplish.Ⅳ.ClozeTest卞面短文有10个空白。每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案。Yourpurpose,asastudent,shouldbetomasterallyoursubjects.Todo1isnecessarytoworksteadilythroughouttheyear,notjustinthelastfewweeksbeforeyourexaminations.Keepuptodatewithcoursework.week2week.sothatyouhavetimetothinkabouteachsubject,toundertakebackgroundreading,andtolearnasyougoalong.Ifyourdaysandweeksare3organized,youshouldbeuptodatewithyourstudiesattheendofeachweekand.therefore.attheendofeach4.Youcanthenuseeachvacation,dependinguponits5,asanopportunityforashortbreakfromyourstudiesforafewdaysinashortvacationorfortwoorthreeweeksinalongvacation.Butrememberthatcollegevacationsarenotintendedtobeholidays.6shouldtheybedevotedentirelytopaidemployment.Mostfulltimestudentsspendalittlemorethanhalfofeachyearatcollege.Invacations,therefore,allocatemanyhourstoactivestudytokeepeachsubject7inyourmindandtobuilduponthefoundationslaidatcollege.Donotwastetime.Withoutplanningatthestartofeachvacation,and8selfdisciplineeveryday,youmayfindthatthetimeslipsawayandyouachievelittleor9.Youcaneasilyloseanhourbygettinguplate,thenloseanotherreadinganewspaperormagazineafterbreakfast,andsoon.Instead,10positiveregardeachvacationasanopportunityforrevision,consolidation,andbackgroundreading,aswellasforrecreation,sothatyoucomertofeelthatyouknowyoursubjectsandarewellpreparedforthenexttermswork.1.A.thisB.itC.thisitD.itthis2.A.byB.afterC.forD.and3.A.fullB.wellC.highD.such4.A.termB.dayC.courseD.subject5.A.periodB.1engthC.shapeD.value6.A.NoB.NotC.NoneD.Nor7.A.1iveB.1ivedC.aliveD.Nor8.A.exceedingB.executingC.exercisingD.exciting9.A.anythingB.everythingC.somethingD.nothing10.A.beB.beingC.beenD.tobeⅤ.ReadingComprehension阅读下面短文。从短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。Ifabusinessistobestarted.fundsmustfirstbeobtainedfromsomesource.Themoneymaycomefromthewouldbebusinessmanspersonalsavingsoritmaybeborrowedfromabank.Whateverthesource,themoneyhastobeobtainedand,whenithasobtained,itmustbeproperlyhandled.Whenabusinesshasbeenformed,anumberofimportantdecisionswillhavetobemade,suchaswhatpremisesaretobeusedand,foramanufacturingconcern,whatplantandmachinerywillbeneeded.Thenasupplierhastobefound,fromwhomthematerialsneededformanufacturingtheproducttherawmaterialswillbeobtained,andthetermsofcreditwillhavetobeagreed.Thenthereareanumberofotherdecisionstobemade,suchashowmanypeoplearetobeemployedandwhatequipmenttheywillneed,howmanytelephonesaretobeinstalled,etc.Andallofthesewillrequirefinancing.Oncethesedecisionshavebeenmade,itwillbenecessarytoimplementthemandstartthemanufacturingprocessassoonaspossible.Untilthebusinesshasaproductforwhichthereisademand,andhassucceededinsellingthatproduct,therewillbeacontinuousdrainfromthepoolofmoney.Ifthebusinessfinancesarenotproperlymanaged,itmaywelldisappearaltogether.Thesuccessfulintegrationofpeopleandmaterialsrequiresgoodmanagement.andthemoreeffectivelythisisdone,thebetterforthebusiness.1.Intheauthorsopinion,whatisthefirstthingyouneedifyouwanttostartupanewbusinessA.Amanager.B.Money.C.Asupplier.D.Amarket.2.Awouldbebusinessmanisonewho____.A.usedtobeabusinessmanB.isengagedinbusinessC.intendstodobusinessashiscareerD.hassavedalargeamountofmoneyforbusiness3.Mentionedinthesecondparagraphare____examplesofdecisionstobemadewhenabusinesshasbeenformed.A.fourB.fiveC.sixD.seven4.WhyisitgoodtostartproductionassoonaspossibleA.Inordertobeginearningmoney.B.Tomeetthedemandofthecustomers.C.Tosupplythemarketwiththeproducts.D.Tohaveacontinuousdrainfromthepoolofmoney.5.Thebesttitleforthepassagewouldbe____.A.HowtoMakeMoneyB.HOWtoMakeaDecisionC.HowtoStartUpaBusinessD.AGuidetoGoodManagementⅥ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish将下面的句子译成英语。1.这种事情因人而异。2.对管理者来说,每次决策都受到政策、程序、法律、惯例等因素的制约。3.我们想知道是谁把人定义为理性动物的。4.从系统的观点看,问题的产生有很多种原因,决策既有预期的结果,也有意料之外的结果。5.他们充分利用了旅馆的设备。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese将下面短文译成汉语。Decisionmakingischoosing.Butdecisionmakingrequiresyoutothinkaboutwhatyouaredoing.Decisionmakinginvolveschoosingfromanumberofalternativeswhatwillbebestforyou.Decisionmakingisknowingwhenyouneedtomakeachoice.Somechoicesaremadefrequently,andhowtheyturnoutdoesnotmakemuchdifference.Otherchoicescanhaveveryimportantresults.Howtheyturnoutcanmakeadifferencenowandsometimescanevenchangethefuture.Forthiskindofseriousdecisionmaking,youwillwanttobeasinformedaspossible.Youwillwanttobesureenoughofyourchoicesothatyouwillknowwhattheconsequencesarelikelytobeforyourselfaridforothersinvolved.Decisionsarenotmadeinavacuum.Theyaremadewithinaframe.workofvalues,goals,standards,resources,andpriorities.Valuesgivemeaningtoyourdecisions.Goalsgivethemdirection.Standardsofferyouabasisforcomparisonandaguideforadjustingvaluesandgoals.Resourcesmakeitpossibletoreachgoals.Prioritiesenableyoutorankvalues,goals,standards,andresourcesintheirorderofimportancetoyou.Togethertheyformyourframeworkfordecisionmaking.中间部分略完整版请QQ1273114568索取模拟试卷一PARTONEⅠ.VocabularyandStructure10points.1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.Itisdifficulttotheimplicationbetweenthelines.A.gettoB.getwithC.getatD.getdown2.Thevolleyballmatchwastelevised____onCCTV.A.aliveB.1ireC.1iveD.1ively3.Thenewspaperwillhavetoclosedownifitcannotincreaseits____considerably.A.distributionB.contributionC.presc6ptionD.circulation4.Thecentraltheatrehasaseating____ofmorethan3000people.A.capabilityB.capacityC.abilityD.facility5.Thefurnitureinherbedroomisquitedifferentfrominthelivingroom.A.thatB.itC.oneD.which6.Becauseofthebadweather,mesportsmeethadtobe____.A.shutdownB.doneawayC.takenoffD.calledoff7.Jennycomplainedthatthehospital____hertoomuchforthetreatment.A.expendedB.paidC.costD.charged8.Havingdecidedtorentaflat,we____contactinghousingagenciesinthecity.A.setaboutB.setdownC.setoutD.setup9.Thebookfairhasreceivedapositive____fromreaders.A.resultB.responseC.settlementD.solution10.Iftheoperation____carefullyprepared,itwouldnothavebeensuccessful.A.wasnotB.hasnotbeenC.hadnotbeenD.werenotⅡ.ClozeTest10points,1pointeach下列短文中有十个空白。每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。Thebasicprincipleofradarisillustratedbywhathappenswhenoneshoutsinacave.Theechooftheshouting11thewallshelpsapersondeterminethesizeofthecave.Withradar,however,thewavesareradiowavesinsteadof12waves.Radiowavestravel13thespeedoflight,about300000kilometersinasecond.Aradarset14ashortburstofradiowaves.Thenitreceivestheechoes15whenthewavesbounce反射offobjects.Bydeterminingthetimeit16fortheechoestoreturntotheradarset.atrainedtechnician17determinethedistancebetweentheradarsetandotherobjects.Thewordradar,18,9etsitsnamefromthetermradiodetectionandranging.Rangingisthetermfordetectionofthe19betweenanobjectandthetadarset.Besidesbeingofcriticalimportancetopilot.radaris20forairtrafficcontrol,fortrackingshipsatsea,andfortrackingweathersystemsandstorms.11.A.throughB.forC.onD.against12.A.soundB.1ightC.heatD.tide13.A.inB.atC.overD.on14.A.sendsoutB.worksoutC.figuresoutD.putsout完整版请加QQ127311456815.A.producingB.producedC.produceD.produces16.A.spendsB.takesC.killsD.makes17.A.canB.mustC.oughttoD.hasto18.A.incaseB.inturnC.inshortD.infact19.A.1engthB.widthC.distanceD.space20.A.eventualB.internalC.externalD.essentialⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.完整版请加QQ1273114568Amongthecompanywasalawyer,ayoungmanofabouttwentyfive.Onbeingaskedhisopinion,hesaid,Capitalpunishmentandlifeimprisonmentareequallyimmoral.IfIweretomakeachoicebetweenthem,Iwouldratherchoosethelatter.Anyway,itsbettertolivethannottoliveatall.Alivelydiscussionfollowed.Abanker,whowasthenyoungerandmorenervousthanthelawyer,suddenlylosthistemperandcriedout,Itsalie.Ibetyoutwomillions.Youwouldntstickinacellevenforfiveyears.Ifyoumeanit,repliedtheyounglawyer,IbetIllstaytherelongermakeitfifteeninsteadoffive.FifteenDonecriedthebanker.Gentleman,Ibetyoutwomillions.Agreed.Twomillionsformyfreedom,saidthelawyer.Sothiswild,ridiculousbetcametopass.Thebankercouldnothidehisexcitement.Duringsupperhesaidtothelawyerjokingly,Cometoyoursenses,youngman,beforeitstoolate.Twomillionsarenothingtome,butyoustandtolosethreeorfourofthebestyearsofyourlife.Isaythreeorfourbecauseyoullneverstickitoutanylonger.Dontforgetthatvoluntaryimprisonmentismuchhardertoputupwiththananenforcedone.Theideathatyouhavetherighttofreeyourselfanymomentwillpoisonyourlifeinthecell.Ipityyou.Andnowthebanker,pacingfromcomertocorner,recalledallthisandaskedhimself,WhydidImakethisbetWhatsthegood7Thelaw中间部分略完整版请QQ1273114568索取样本与笔记说明1、本文档仅为样本,如需完整版,请QQ1273114568联系索取独家核心精华考点,高通过率,更多资料请联系QQ1273114568宝剑锋从磨砺出,梅花香自苦寒来有重点方能脱颖而出2、样本和完整版笔记均严格按最新制定教材目录顺序整理,每个知识点既可以作为选择填空又可用在简答论述,而不是绝对按照考试题型总结的,因此更利于全面把握知识点或者考试时临时翻阅。手机随时随地学习,高效便捷◆关于笔记我们的每一份资料都凝结着开班八年专业授课老师辛勤的心血,每一份资料都是他们智慧的结晶,每一份资料都是有生命的知识系统,我们求抓使笔记覆盖到每个知识点,抓住最核心的题目,历次90以上通过率。自考贵在坚持◆笔记特点本站所有自考成考笔记是我们辅导班经验丰富的老师的授课笔记精心整理而成,是一套完整复习资料,内容全面,或按不同题型分类整理,或按章节顺序整理,便于打印、携带和查找。◆郑重承诺(1)每部笔记的整理严格依据最新教材和考纲(2)力求涵盖到每个知识点(3)知识点覆盖率80,轻松过关。◆省钱省力(1)省时A4纸分栏,排版精美,无需再整理(2)省力可直接看笔记,无需再看教材(3)省钱省下购买教材的费用,也免去了补考费手机随时随地学习,高效便捷◆联系方式QQ1273114568

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