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自考英语二复习.doc.doc

你运气好啊.完整版的.考试作文几乎不会超出以下内容.希望对你有所帮助.L1P14WhydoestheauthortellsnottobeafraidtoaskstupidquestionsTheauthorthinksthatmanyapparentlynaiveinquirieslikewhygrassisgreen,orwhythesnisround,orwhyweneed55,000unclearweaponsintheworldarereallydeepquestions.Hesayswhenyoutrytogettheanswers,youwillgaindeepunderstandingofthethings.Itsalsoimportanttoknow,aswellasyoucan,whatitisthatyoudontknow,andaskingquestionsistheway.Healsotellustoaskstupidquestionsrequirescourageonthepartoftheaskerandknowledgeandpatienceonthepartoftheanswers.Anddontconfineyourlearningtoschoolwork.Discussideasindepthwithfriends.Itsmuchbravetoaskquestionsevenwhentheresaprospectofridiculethantosuppressyourquestionsandbecomedeadenedtotheworldaroundyou.L2IconsP30WhatarethefactorstoshifttheheroworshiptothecelebrityworshipThenewformsofmediaphotography,movingpictures,radioandtelevisionarethemainfactors.Thereproductionofphotosinnewspapersturnedfamouspeopleintocelebritieswhosedress,appearance,andpersonalhabitswerewidelycommentedupon.Slowly,thefocusofpublicattentionbegantoshiftawayfromknowingwhatsuchpeopledidtoknowingwhatlookedlike.Theshiftwasacceleratedbythearrivalofmovingpictures.Between1901and1914,74percentofthemagazinearticlesaboutfamouspeoplewereaboutpoliticalleaders,inventors,inventors,professionals,andbusinessmen.After1922,however,mostarticleswereaboutmoviestars.Withthearrivaloftelevision,thefacesofthestarsbecameasfamiliarasthosewesawacrossthebreakfasttable.Wecametoknowmoreaboutthelivesofthecelebritiesthanwedidaboutmostofthepeopleweknowpersonally.Lessthanseventyyearsaftertheappearanceofthefirstmovimgpictures,theshiftfromheroworshiptocelebrityworshipwascomplete.L3GOGOAMERICANP46WhatistheAmericansattitudetowardstimeGivenecessaryexamples.IntheUnitedStates,manypeoplekeenlyfeeltheshortnessofeachlifetime.Theyareawarethatonceadayintheirlifeisgone,itwillnevercomeback.AndAmericansbelievenoonestandsstill.Ifyouarenotmovingahead,youarefallingbehind.Sotheyvaluetimeandwanteverymintetocount.Thisattitdetowardstimeisshowninthefastpaceoflifeinthecountry.Whatevertheydotheyalwaysseemtobeinarush.Youfindpeoplehurryingtogetwheretheyaregoing.Theyhurrytoeatingplacesforameaandfinishitasquicklyaspossible.AlsoAmericansdowhattheycantosavetime.Theyproducealotoflaboursavingdevicessuchasclothesanddishwasherstheyrapidlycommunicatethroughphonecalls,telexandemailandcutdownonpersonalcontacts.L4TakeOver,BosnP62CanyouimaginewhatdidBarretthinkofwhenheheardSnyderswhisperTakeover,bosnBecaseofthirst,Barretwasalmostoutofmind.Heroseseveraltimesandwasaconstantthreat.ButwhenheheardSnydersaidTakeover,bosn,hehadastrangefeelingsuddenly.Hecametorealizehewouldandmusttakeoverthetaskandberesponsiblefortherest.Aslongashestoppedothersfromthelittlewater,theywouldalwayshavehopesandwouldntdiesoon.SohepickedSnydersgunupanddecidedtoholdofftheotherfromthewateruntilnightwhenashipsavedthem.L5AreYouGivingYourKidsTooMuchP78WhyparentsoverindulgetheirchildrenThereareseveralreasonstoexplainwhyparentsoverindulgetheirchildren.Onefairlycommonreasonisthatparentsoverindulgetheirchidrenoutofasenseofguilt.Parentswhobothholddownfulltimejopsmayfeelguiltyabouttheamountoftimetheyspendawayfromtheirchildrenandmayattempttocompensatebyshoweringthemwithmaterialpossessions.Otherparentsoverindulgebecausetheywanttheirchildrentohaveeverythingtheyhadwhilegrowingup,alongwiththosethingstheparentsyearnedforbutdidntget.Stillothersareafraidtosaynototheirchildrensdenlessrequestsfortoysforfearthattheirchildrenwillfeelunlovedorwillberidiculedifthydonthavethesameplaythingstheirfriendshave.L6CultureShockP94WhatarefourstagesthatpeoplegothroughwhentheyexperiencesituationsthatareverydifferentfromthosetowhichtheyareaccustomedStageoneisahoneymoonphase,duringwhichthenewexperienceisperceivedtobeinteresting,picturesque,entertaining,andcharming.Youmaynoticeseveralsuperficialdifferencessuchasmusic,food,andclothing,andthefreshapealofthenewexperiencekeepsyoufeelinginterestedandpositive.Whenyoustayinanewenvirnmentforawhile,youmovetostagetwothecrisisstageinwhichtheshinewearsoffanddaytodayrealitiessinkin.Inrelationship,younotieannoyinghabitsinanewcountry,youfindbarrierstoestablishingconnectionsortolearningthelanguagebeyondafewpolitephrases.Ifyoustickwiththeexperienceandtrytodealwithitrealistically,youwillprobablymovetothethirdphaserecovery.Inrecovery,youlearnthesystems,procedures,languageornonverbalbehaviorsofthenewenvironmentsothatyoucancopewithitonthebasisofsomemastery,competence,andcomfort.Finally,whenyoufeelthatyoufunctionwellandalmostautomaticallyinthenewculture,youwillmovetothefourthphaseadjustment.L7TheModelMillionaire(I)P108Supposeyouarethemillionaire.ExplainhowyougettoknowHughieErskineandwhatyoudoinreturnforthepoundhegaveyouwhenyoufirstmet.IamBaronHausberg.IhaveenoughmoneytobuythewholeofLondon.Oneday,onawhimIaskedmyartistfriendAlanTrevortopainmeasabeggar.Alanhadalmostfinishedthepicturewhenaverycharmingyoungmanwalkedintohisstudio.Isupposehemusthavebeenverysympatheticwithme,forwhenAlanwasawayaminute,theyoungmanquicklyputapoundintomyhat.Iwasstartledforamoment,butIwaspleasedwhenIrealizedthathetookmeforarealbegger.LaterIlearnedfromAlanallaboutthisyoungmanhewaspoor,andcouldnotmarrythegirlhelovedbecauseherfatherwouldntletthemunlesshehad10,000pounds.Touchedbytheyoungmansspiritofkindness,Idecidedtohelphim.ThenextdayIhadachequefor10,000poundsdeliveredtohimasaweddinggift.L8TheModelMillionaire(II)P123RetellthestoryTheModelMillionaireinabout150words,concludingyourretellingwithaonesentencecomment.HughieErskinewasacharmingyoungmanwhowasinlovewithanicegirlcalledLauraMerton.LaurasfathermadeitcleartoHughiethathewouldnotmarryhisdaughtertohimuntilHughiehadtenthousandpounds.Oneday,HughiewenttoseehisartistfriendAlanTrevorinhisstudio.Therehefoundhisfriendpaintingabeggar,whowasanoldmaninrags.Hughiefeltsosorryforthepoormodelthathegavehimtheonlypoundhehad.Theoldmodelwasactuallyamillionaire.WhenheheardallaboutHughieandLaura,andtheirproblem,hehadachequefortenthousandpoundsdeliveredtohimtheverynextday.Thecouplewerehappilymarried,andthebeggarattendedtheirwedding.Thestoryshowsthatagenuinemillionaireisnotonewhohas,butwhogive.L9OnlyThreeMoreDaysP139Theauthorgotasolutionfinally.WhatwasthesolutionWasitriskyHelaidoutthediariesintwobigsteelsuitcases.Overthemhepalcedanumberofhisbroadcastscripts,eachpageofwhichhadbeenstampedbythemilitaryandciviliancensorsaspassedforbroadcast.OntopheputafewGeneralStaffmapshehadpickedupfromfriends.ThenhephonedtheGestapoHeadquarterstosayhehadacoupleofsuicasesfullofhisdispatches,broadcastsandnotesthathewantedtotakeoutofthecountry.Ashewasflyingoffearlythenextday,therewouldbenotimeforGestapoofficialattheairfieldtogooverthecontents.Couldtheytakealooknow,ifhebroughtthemoverandiftheyapproved,putaGestaposealonthesuitcasessohewouldntbeheldupattheairportYes,itwasrisky.HethoughtlifeintheThirdReichhadalwaysbeenrisky.ItwasworthatryL10TheWashwomanP155DescribethesituationthatIsawtheoldwashwomanforlasttime.Oneevening,whileMotherwassittingneartheoillampmendingashirt,thedooropenedandasmallpuffofsteam,followedbyagiganticbag,enteredtheroom.Irantowardtheoldwomanandhelpedherunloadherbag.Shewaseventhinnernow,morebent.Herheadshookfromsidetosideasthoughsheweresayingno.Shecouldnotutteraclearword,butmumbledsomethingwithhersunkenmouthandpalelips.Aftertheoldwomanhadrecoveredsomewhat,shetoldusthatshehadbeenillbadly.Butassoonasshewasabletostandonherfeetoncemore,shebeganherwashing.ShesaidIcouldnotresteasyinmybedbecauseofthewash.Thewashwouldnotletmedie.IdontwanttobeaburdenonanyoneL11HowIServedMyApprenticeship170WhywasAndrewCarnegiesoproundoftheonedollorandtwentycentsthefirstpayhebroughthomeCarnegiewasveryproundoftheonedollarandtwentycentsheearnedforthefirsttimeinhislifewhenhewasonlytwelve.Themoney,thoughsmallinamount,meantagreatdeal.First,whenhegothisfirstpayhefeltthathehadgrownup.Hewasnolongeraboywhohadtodependonhisparentshehadbecomeamanwhowasabletohelpsupportthefamily,acontributingmember.Thiswasimportantbecauseatthattimelifewashardforthefamilyanditwasdifficultforhisparentstomanagealone.Alsohethoughthemoneywasthedirectrewardofhonestmanuallabor.Itrepresentedaweekofveryhardwork.Thismoneygavehimthegreatestsatisfactionofbeingrewardedforwhathehaddone.L12AFriendoftheEnvironmentP185WhydidRachelCarsonwritetheSilentSpringWhatsthecontentofitBecauseshefeltthatthewondersofNaturearepreciousandpermanent,andmuchofNaturewasforeverbeyondthedestructionofman.Butthenshediscoveredshewaswrong.ShelearnedwithsadnessthatlittleinNatureistrulybeyondthetamperingreachofman.Then,ShewrotethebookSilentSpringtosoundastartlingwarmingtomankindandthebookshowedquiteclearlythatmanwasendangeringhimselfandeverythingelseonthisplanetbyhisindiscriminateuseofchemicalpesticides.Ashertitlesuggests,MissCarsonwassayingthattheremightcomeaspringtimethatwouldindeedbesilentbecausethebirds,aswellasothercreatures,andplantswouldhavebeendestroyedbythemanmadepoisonsusedtokillcropthreatedinginsects.L13WhoShallDwellP201InthestoryWhoshallDwell,howdidthefatnersattitudetowardstheneighbourschangeWhatbroughtaboutthechangeWhenthebombalertcame,thefatherwasclearthathehadbuilttheshelterforhisownfamily,andthathewouldnotletanybodyelsein.Sowhenhisneighbourscameandaskedtosharetheshelterherejectedthemflatly.Whenamontherbeggedhimtotakeherlittlegirlin,hedidnotknowwhattodo.Atthatmonenthiswifedashedoutsideandpushedthegirlin.heractsethimthinkinghard.Justamomentbeforethefirstbombstruckhemadeabigdecision.Aftergivinghiseldersonafewinstructions,hesteppedoutandshovedtwochildrenintotheshelter.Hestoodbesidehiswife,readytospendthelastminutewithher.Hischangeseemedsudden,butwasactuallyquitenatural.Helovedhischildren,sohewasgreatlyaffectedbythemontherspleaandgavethechanceofsurivaltothetwochildren.Alsohisloveforhiswifeledhimtofollowherexample.L14CipherintheSnowP218DescribeCliffEvanslifebeforehissuddendeath.CliffEvanslivedwithhismother,stepfatherandfiveyoungerhalfbrothersandsisters.Hisstepfatherhadneverlegallyadoptedhim,nordidheshowanyaffectionforhim.AthomeCliffdidnttalkmuchandhadnevertoldhisfamilyabouthisproblems.Whenhebeganschool,hewastimidbuteagertolearn.AndhisIQwasprettygood.Theninthethirdgradeateacherwroteintheschoolrecordthathewasuncooperativeandslow.Sincethenhehadnevergotanyencouragementfromhisteachers.Gradually,thechildhadnomoreconfidenceleft.Heneversmilednortalkedmuch.Hehadnofriendshehadneverbelongedtoaclub,neverplayedonateamandneverheldanoffice.Hecametoschoolbyhimselfandleftbyhimself.Inclass,hewouldsitbackinthelastseat.Finallyhebecamesilentandlonely.Hebecamenothing.L15BriberyAnInevitableEvilP232WhatarethemajorformsofbriberyBriberycanbeclassifiedintothreebroadcategories.Thefirstcategoryconsisitsoflargeamountsofmoneypaidforpoliticalpurposesortosecremajorcontracts.Forexample,acertainAmericancompanyofferedbigsumsofmoneytosupportaU.S.presidentialcandidatewhenitwasnderinvestigation.Alsoinordertogetbigcontracts,suchpaymentsareoftenmadetorulingfamiliesortheircloseadvisers.Thesecondcategorycoverspaymentsmadetoobtainquickerofficialapprovalofsomeproject.Insuchcases,themoneyisoftenpaidtokeygovermentofficialsconcerned.Thethirdcategoryinvolvespaymentsmadeincertaincountriestomakeabusinessdealeasytogetapproved.Forinstance,aforeigncompanymaypaytogetpermissiontoimportequipment.Acommontypeofthiscategoryisthefacilitatingpaymenttoclearcargoes.Thesearesmallersumsofmoneypaidtocustomsofficials.L16ASocialEventP250WhatdoyouknowaboutRandyandCarleinASocialEvenWhyaretheyanxioustogetinvitedtoScottysfuneralRandyandCaroleareayoungHollywoodcouple.Theyhavebeenmarriedonlyashorttime.Bothhaveachievedacertaindegreeofsuccessinpictures,buttheircareersintheshowbusinessarestillinthepromisingstage.ScottyWoodrow,aworldfamousmoviestarhasjustdied,andRandyandCaroleareanxioustogotohisfuneral,whichwillbeagatheringofcelebritiesandisregardedasabigsocialevent.ItissaidthatflowershavecomefromtheU.S.PresidentandtheBritishQueen.RandyandCarolethinkitisextremelyimportantfortheircareertobeseentherewithalotofbigshots.ButtheyhavetgotaninvitationwhilesomeoftheirHollywoodfriends,alsoyoungactorsandactresseslikethemselves,havebeeninvited.Thatswhytheyareworriedandaretryinghardtofindwaysofgettingthemselvesinvitedinthelastminute.

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