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自考英语二考前小抄.doc.doc

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自考英语二考前小抄.doc.doc

自考答案考后付款QQ15866371单元一goaln.目的,目标objectiven./a.目标,目的/客观的,真实的accomplishvt.完成(任务等)predictvt./vi.预言预示accompanyvt.伴随,陪同implementvt.实现完成tendencyn.趋势,倾向achievementn.完成,达到arguevt./vi.争辩,争论budgetn./vt.预算definevt.解释,给下定义entityn.存在,实体(stand,get,be)intheway碍事,挡道的妨碍人的inpart部分地有些部分在某种程度上pointofview视点,视角contributeto把贡献给toapplyfor申请inhand手头上有toturndown拒绝调小或调低翻下3.句子英译汉(1)Adecisionisachoicemadefromamongalternativecoursesofactionthatareavailable.(2)Oftenmanagersmustmakeabestguessatwhatthefuturewillbeandtrytoleaveaslittleaspossibletochance.(3)Ifthereisnochoice,thereisnodecisiontobemade.(4)Formanagerseverydecisionhasconstraintsbasedonpolitics,procedures,laws,precedentsandthelike.(5)Forexample,managerssometimestreatproblemsinaneither/orfashion.(6)Decisionmakersmusthavesomewayofdeterminingwhichofseveralalternativesisbestthatis,whichcontributesthemosttotheachievementoforganizationalgoals.自考答案考后付款QQ15866371(7)Inthelargerschemeofthings,however,increasedfundingforresearchtoimprovetheproductsmightbemorebeneficialtotheorganization.(8)Someoftheseobjectivesaremoreimportantthanothers,buttheorderanddegreeofimportanceoftenvaryfrompersontopersonandfromdepartmenttodepartment汉译英决策者应该能够对将来作出最好的推测。Decisionmakersshouldbeabletomakeabestguessatwhatthefuturewillbe.有人认为经理们所作的一切均与决策有关。Somepeoplebelievealmosteverythingamanagerdoesinvolvesdecision.没有正确的选择就没有正确的决定。Ifthereisnoproperchoice,thereisnoproperdecision.不同的人对同样的问题有不同的看法,所以解决的办法也不同。Differentpeoplehavedifferentideasaboutthesameproblemtheirsolutionstotheproblemare,therefore,alsodifferent.决策者往往是公司业务发展的关键。Decisionmakersoftenplaythekeyroleinthedevelopmentofthebusinessofacompany.Decisionmakersareusuallykeypeoplewhodeterminethecompanysbusinessdevelopment.单元二escapevi./vt.逃跑避免explodevt./vi.使爆炸爆炸collapsevt./vi./n.倒塌,崩溃shrinkvt./vi./n.收缩,缩小/退缩,畏缩gravityn.严肃,认真严重性measurementn.衡量,测量basisn.基础,根据launchvt./n.发射,投射发动,发起(运动)convincinga.有说服力的,使人信服的companionn.同伴,同事speculationn.推测,猜测swallowvt.吞咽operatevi./vt.运转,起作用动手术自考答案考后付款QQ15866371tomakeuseof利用agreatmany很多aboveall首先,首要1)Astronomersandscientiststhinkthatablackholeisaregionofspaceintowhichmatterhasfallenandfromwhichnothingcanescape.2)Thetheoryisthatsomestarsexplodewhentheirdensityincreasestoaparticularpoint.3)SomepeoplethinkthattheStartofBethlehemcouldhavebeenasupernova.4)Ifamanfellintoablackhole,hewouldthinkthathereachedthecenterofitveryquickly.5)Itisonlyrecentlythatastronomershavebegunspecificresearchintoblackholes.6)Ontheotherhand,scientistshavesuggestedthateveryadvancedtechnologycouldonedaymakeuseoftheenergyofblackholesformankind.3句子汉译英黑洞是什么,天文学家还没有完全解决这个问题。Astronomershavenotyetfullysolvedtheproblemofwhatablackholeis.据说黑洞可以将其周围的一切物体,如星星吞食掉。Itissaidthatblackholesareabletoswallowupalltheobjectsaroundthem,suchasstars.对黑洞的研究刚刚开始,各种各样的假说层出不穷。Theresearchofblackholesisjustbeginningandspeculationaboutthemareendless.科学家仍不能说出黑洞内发生了什么。Scientistsstillcannottellwhathappensinsideablackhole.Itisstillimpossibleforscientiststotellwhathappensinsideablackhole.如果我们认识了黑洞,黑洞就不那么可怕了。Ifweunderstoodblackholes,theywouldnotbesofearful.Blackholeswillnotbesofearfulifwegettoknowthem.单元三Weakenvt./vi.削弱,减弱Deterioratevt./vi.(使)恶化debatevt./vi./n..争论,辩论legala.法律上的合法的requestn.请求,要求自考答案考后付款QQ15866371criterionn.标准,准则opposevt.反对,反抗traditionn.传统,惯例considerationn.考虑,体谅disableda.伤残的burdenn./vt.担子,负担责任,义务vulnerablea.易受伤的,弱小的prohibitionn.禁止禁令sensitivea.敏感的,灵敏的todebateon关于进行辩论tomakerequestfor关于进行辩论tomakerequestfor要求beopposedto反对totakeintoaccount考虑到1.todebateon关于进行辩论LincolndebatedDouglasonthisissue.林肯与道格拉斯就这个问题进行了辩论。2.tomakerequestfor要求Hemadearequestforimmediatehelp.他要求立即给予帮助。3.toopposedto反对He5totakeintoaccount考虑到估计Wemusttakelocalconditionsintoaccount.我们必须考虑到当地的条件。Youmusttakeherinexperienceintoaccount.你必须考虑到她无经验而予以体谅。相关词汇totakeintoconsideration考虑到isverymuchopposedtomygoingabroad.2.句子英译汉(重点句)Affectedwithaseriousdisease,vanWendalwasnolongerabletospeakclearlyandheknewtherewasnohopeofrecoveryandthathisconditionwasrapidlydeteriorating.VanWendelslastthreemonthsoflifebeforebeinggivenafinal,lethalinjectionbyhisdoctorwerefilmedandfirstshownontelevisionlastyearintheNetherlands.Theprogrammehassincebeenboughtby20countriesandeachtimeitisshown,itstartsanationwidedebateonthesubject.自考答案考后付款QQ15866371Whatthosepeoplewhoopposeeuthanasiaaretellingmeisthatdyingpeoplehaventtheright.3.句子汉译英P.59安乐死的确能解除临终病人的痛苦。Euthanasiacanreallyhelpridthedyingpatientsofextremesuffering.Euthanasiadoesreleasethedyingpeoplefromtheirsuffering.你知道不知道荷兰是欧洲唯一允许安乐死的国家DoyouknowthattheNetherlandsistheonlycountryinEuropethatpermitseuthanasia支持这一观点的医生并不意味着他们不关心病人。Thosedoctorswhosupporttheideanevermeantheydontcareabout/forpatients.在第一个医生诊断疾病之后,必须由另外一名医生确认病情。Afterthefirstdoctorhasdiagnosedtheillness,aseconddoctormustconfirmthecase.反对者认为病人并不一定真正希望结束生命,可能请求之后另有他求。Opponentsthinkpatientsmaynotreallywanttoendtheirlives,andprobablythereisanotherrequestbehindtherequest.单元四domestica./n.家庭的,家务的,本国的/家仆statisticsn.统计数字,统计资料diplomatn.外交家外交官exploitvt.开发,开采利用campaignn./vi./vt.战役,运动14.executevt.实行,执行,完成15.convictvt./n.证明有罪宣判16.despiteprep.尽管,任凭.deservinga.应得的,值得的.shelfn.架子minimumn./a.最小量最小的.statusn.情形,状况地位,身份deportvt.驱逐出境2.句子英译汉(1)Thereareestimatedtobemorethan20,000overseasdomesticservantsworkinginBritain.自考答案考后付款QQ15866371(2)Ofthese20,000,justunder2,000arebeingexploitedandabusedbytheiremployers.(3)Thesadconditionofwomenworkingasdomesticsaroundtheworldreceivedmuchmediaattentionearlierthisyearinseveralhighlypublicizedcases.4)AFilipinomaidwasexecutedinSingaporeafterbeingconvictedofmurder,despiteprotestsformvariousquartersthatherguilthadnotbeenadequatelyestablished.(5)SheusedtoworkforaverylowwageatateafactoryinSriLanka.(6)Becauseshefounditdifficulttofeedherfourchildren,sheacceptedajobworkingasadomesticinLondon.(7)Soiftheydocomplain,theyriskbeingdeported.3.句子汉译英(1)处理有关事务的政府部门没有做统计。Thegovernmentdepartmentthatdealswithrelevantaffairsdoesnotkeepstatistics.(2)正因为她无法养家才同意做家仆。Itwasbecauseshefounditdifficulttofeedherfamilythatsheacceptedajobworkingasadomestic.(3)她是一名沙特外交官直接从菲律宾雇到伦敦来工作的。ShewashiredbyaSaudidiplomatdirectlyfromthePhilippinestoworkinLondon.(4)家仆的工作状况得到了新闻媒介的关注。Theconditionsofworkingasdomesticshavereceivedmediaattention.(5)雇主们总是威胁要把我们遣送回国。Theemployersalwaysthreatenedtosendusbacktoourcountries.

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