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自考英语二试题.doc.doc

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自考英语二试题.doc.doc

自考英语(二)英语模拟试题Ⅰ.VocabularyandStructure10points,1pointforeachitem从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1.________Americanshavedifferentviewsonmanyissues,theytendtoagreeononesubjecttaxesaretoohigh.A.DespiteB.InspiteofC.BecauseD.Although2.Theselittlethingsarentimportant________themselves,butputtogether,theycancausetroubles.A.byB.inC.forD.at3.Iftherewereanyinhabitantsofthemoon,theywouldseeourearthreflectingthelightofthesun,againlikeahugemirror________inthesky.A.hangB.hangedC.hungD.hangs4.Whenwecallawordlearned,wedonotmeanthatitisusedbylearnedpersonsalone,________simplythatitspresenceintheEnglishvocabularyisduetobooksandthecultivationofliteratureratherthantotheactualneedsofordinaryconversation.A.soB.sinceC.butD.for5.________isacceptedastrueoftenisrelatively,andnotabsolutely,true.A.WhatB.ThatC.WhichD.It6.I________awakeforabouttwohourslastnight.A.lieB.liedC.laidD.lay7.Intheory,everypersonwillhave________toanunlimitedamountofinformationwiththedevelopmentoftelecommunicationsatellites.A.entryB.accessC.entranceD.opening8.ItisinIran________thefamilymembersareinvolvedintheweddingpreparations.A.whereB.inwhichC.thatD.fromwhich9.Ihaveneverbeforemet________asheis.A.soanintelligentpersonB.asointelligentpersonC.sointelligentpersonD.sointelligentaperson10.Theroleofthefatherinthetraditionalfamilywastoprovide________hisfamily.A.forB.withC.upD.overⅡ.ClozeTest10points,1pointforeachitem最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。Gettingplentyofexerciseisveryimportant.Ienjoy11verymuch.LastSummer,Iwenttothebeacheveryday.Iplantogotherethissummertoo,12Imaynotbeableto.Ihaveanewjob.SometimesIhavetoworkuntil13atnight.ThoughInowworkmorehoursthanIusedto,Idoreceivealargersalary.Ididntreceivemuchpayonmyoldjob.Ilike14newjob,buthadIknownthatitwouldtakeupsomuchofmyfreetime,I15it.Ipreferswimmingtospendingmoney.Ihavehearedthatridingabikeisgoodexercise.MaybeIwillbeableto16enoughmoneytobuyabike.Myneighbour,Mrs.Wilson,hasabicyclethatIcouldborrowfromher,butIwouldratherownmyownbike.IfIused17,Iwouldworryaboutdamagingit.SinceI18moremoneynow,IthinkthatIcanaffordtobuymyown.Gettingabikeisreallyagoodidea,becausewhileIamridingtoandfromwork,Iwillbegettingexerciseatthesametime.Itseasiertogettothebeachbybiketoo.Imightbeabletogoswimmingeveryday19.ThisnewjobisgreatImvery20.Thiswillbeasummerfullofexercise.11.A.toswimB.swimC.swimmingD.theswim12.A.andB.orC.neitherD.but13.A.latelyB.latterC.lateD.latest14.A.someB.anyC.myD.its15.A.wouldnottakeB.wouldnthavetakenC.wonthavetakenD.hadnottaken16.A.takeB.saveC.keepD.maintain17.A.herB.hersC.itsD.theirs18.A.makeB.spendC.payD.do19.A.atallB.alloverC.afterallD.allbut20.A.excitedB.excitingC.surprisingD.surprisedⅢ.ReadingComprehension30points,2pointsforeachitem将相应的答案涂黑。PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.WhenRowlandHill,littlemorethanahundredyearsago,firstadvocatedtheintroductionofcheappostageinEngland,hehadtofacemanyopponentsoftheschemesomesaidthatitwouldnotpay,othersthatitwasunworkable.ButHill,supportedbygeneralpublicopinion,eventuallyovercameopposition,andlatein1839thePennyPostwasestablished.FromthenuntilthefirstworldwarthecostofsendingaletteranydistancewithintheUnitedKingdomremainedatonepenny.Thegloomyprophecies预言ofthecriticswerenotfulfilledtheprofitsofthePostOfficeweremaintainedandimprovementsintransportandadministrationmadeitpossiblenotonlytohandletheincreasedvolumeofcorrespondencebutalsotoextendpostalfacilities.Beforethisgreatchangetookplace,thechargeforsendingalettervariedaccordingtothedistancetheletterwascarriedandhadtobepaidforondeliverybythepersontowhomitwasaddressed.Thelowestchargewasfourpenceandforlongdistancesasmuchaseighteenpence.Suchhighrates,whenwageswerelow,couldrarelybeaffordedbypoorpeople,whowereoftencompelledtorefuselettersfromtheirdearonesbecausetheywereunabletopay.Underthenewscheme,aletterwaspaidforbythesender,whoaffixed贴上toitanadhesive粘的postagestamp,thecostofwhichwaswithinreachofall.Thusthepoorwereenabledtoexchangenewswiththeirrelationsandfriendsatatimewhenmanyofthemhadlefttheirhomestoseekworkelsewhere.Businessmenalsofoundcheappostageaboomand,sinceitsoonturnedouttobeagreatfinancialsuccess,thenewschemewas,beforelong,adoptedbyeverycivilizedcountryintheworldafinaltribute明证tothewisdomandvisionofitspromoter.21.Somesaidthatiti.e.RowlandHillsschemewouldnotpaymeans________.A.somesaidthatpeoplewouldrefusetopayfortheschemeB.somesaidthattheschemewouldnotbeprofitableC.somesaidthattheschemewasnoteconomicalD.somesaidthattheydidnothaveenoughmoneytopayforthescheme22.RowlandHillssystemisknownasthePennypost________.A.becauseitundertookthedeliveryofallinlandlettersforthechargeofonepennyB.sinceitwasestablishedlatein1839C.becausemanypeoplewhouseditsfacilitieswerepoorD.asaresultofthegloomypropheciesofthosewhohadsaidschemewouldnotpay23.PostalfacilitieswereextendedaftertheintroductionofthePennyPost________.A.becausethevolumeofcorrespondenceincreasedB.asaresultofimprovementsintransportandadministrationC.untilthefirstworldwarD.providedthatthecostofsendingaletterremainedatonepenny24.Undertheoldsystemthepoorhadfrequentlybeencompelledtorefuseletters________.A.becausetheycouldnotaffordtopaythehighpostagerateswhichhadtobepaidonreceiptofaletterB.unlessthechargeonthemwaslessthanfourpenceC.althoughratesvariedaccordingtothedistanceletterswerecarriedD.becausemanyofthemhadlefttheirhomestoseekworkelsewhere25.Thenewpostalschemewasadoptedbyeverycivilizedcountryintheworld________.A.becauseitenabledthepoor,aswellastherich,toexchangenewsB.asatributetothewisdomandvisionofitspromoterC.sincethescheme,inadditiontoitsconvenience,hadprovedfinanciallysuccessfulD.ahundredyearsafteritsadoptionbytheEnglishPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.Wecanmakemistakesatanyage.Somemistakeswemakeareaboutmoney.Butmostmistakesareaboutpeople.DidJerryreallycarewhenIbrokeupwithHelenWhenIgotthatgreatjob,didJimreallyfeelgoodaboutit,asafriendOrdidheenvymyluckAndPaulwhydidntIpickupthathewasfriendlyjustbecauseIhadacarWhenwelookback,doubtslikethesecanmakeusfeelbad.Butwhenwelookback,itstoolate.WhydowegowrongaboutourfriendsorourenemiesSometimeswhatpeoplesayhidestheirrealmeaning.Andifwedontreallylisten,wemissthefeelingbehindthewords.Supposesomeonetellsyou,Yourealuckydog.IshereallyonyoursideIfhesaid,YourealuckyguyorYourealuckygal,thatsbeingfriendly.ButluckydogTheresabitofenvyinthosewords.Maybehedoesntseeithimself.Butbringinginthedogbitputsyoudownalittle.Whathemaybesayingisthathedoesntthinkyoudeserveyourluck.Justthinkofallthethingsyouhavetobethankfulforisanothernoisethatsaysonethingandmeansanother.Itcouldmeanthatthespeakeristryingtogetyoutoseeyourproblemaspartofyourlifeasawhole.ButisheWrappedupinthisphraseisthethoughtthatyourproblemisntimportant.ItstellingyoutothinkofallthestarvingpeopleintheworldwhenyouhaventgotadateforSaturdaynight.HowcanyoutelltherealmeaningbehindsomeoneswordsOnewayistotakeagoodlookatthepersontalking.DohiswordsfitthewayhelooksDoeswhathesaysquarewith符合thetoneofvoiceHispostureThelookinhiseyesStopandthink.Theminuteyouspendthinkingabouttherealmeaningofwhatpeoplesaytoyoumaysaveanothermistake.26.Inthefirstparagraph,thewriterrecallssomethingsthathappenedbetweenhimandhisfriends.He________.A.feelshappy,thinkingofhownicehisfriendsweretohimB.feelshemaynothavereadhisfriendstruefeelingcorrectlyC.issorrythathisfriendslethimdownD.thinksitwasamistaketohavebrokenupwithhisgirlfriends,Helen27.Inthesecondparagraph,thewritertalksaboutsomeonesaying,Yourealuckydog.Heissayingthat________.A.thespeakerofthissentenceisjustbeingfriendlyB.thissayingmeansthesameasYourealuckyguyorYourealuckygal.C.theworddogshouldntbeusedtoapplytopeopleD.sometimesthewordsgiveaclue线索tothefeelingbehindthewords28.Thispassagetriestotellyouhowto________.A.avoidmistakesaboutmoneyandfriendsB.sizeuppeopleC.avoidmistakesinunderstandingwhatpeopletellyouD.keeppeoplefriendlywithouttrustingthem29.Inlisteningtoapersontheimportantthingis________.A.tonoticehistone,hisposture,andthelookinhiseyeB.tolistentohowhepronounceshiswordsC.tocheckhiswordsagainsthismanner,histoneofvoice,andhispostureD.nottobelievewhathesays30.ThephraseputsyoudownPara2,Line7canbereplacedbyanotherphrase________.A.makesyouhumbleB.reducesyoutosilenceC.pressyoudownD.makesyousadPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.ItisnotoftenrealizedthatwomenheldahighplaceinsouthernEuropeansocietiesinthe10thand11thcenturies.Asawife,thewomanwasprotectedbythesettingupofadowryordecimum.Admittedly,thepurposeofthiswastoprotectheragainsttheriskofdesertion抛弃,butinrealityitsfunctioninthesocialandfamilylifeofthetimewasmuchmoreimportant.Thedecimumwasthewifesrighttoreceiveatenthofallherhusbandsproperty.Thewifehadtherighttowithholdconsent不同意,inalltransactions交易thehusbandwouldmake.Andmorethanjustarightthedocumentsshowthatsheenjoyedarealpowerofdecision,equaltothatofherhusband.Innocasedothedocumentsindicateanydegreeofdifferenceinthelegalstatusofhusbandandwife.Thewifesharedinthemanagementofherhusbandspersonalproperty,buttheoppositewasnotalwaystrue.Womenseemedperfectlypreparedtodefendtheirowninheritanceagainsthusbandswhotriedtoexceedtheirrights,andonoccasiontheyshowedafinefightingspirit.AcaseinpointisthatofMariaVivas,aCatalanwomanofBarcelona巴塞罗那.HavingagreedwithherhusbandMirotosellafieldshehadinherited,fortheneedsofthehousehold,sheinsistedoncompensation补偿.Nonebeingoffered,shesucceededindraggingherhusbandtothescribe法律学家tohaveacontractdulydrawnupassigningherapieceoflandfromMirospersonalinheritance.Theunfortunatehusbandwasobligedtoagree,asthecontractsays,forthesakeofpeace.Eitherthroughthedowryorthroughbeinghottempered,theCatalanwifeknewhowtowinherself,withinthecontextofthefamily,apowerfuleconomicposition.31.Adecimumwas________.A.thewifesinheritancefromherfatherB.agiftofmoneytothenewhusbandC.awrittencontractD.thewifesrighttoreceiveonetenthofherhusbandsproperty32.Inthesocietydescribedinthepassage,thelegalstanding地位ofthewifeinmarriagewas________.A.higherthanthatofherhusbandB.lowerthanthatofherhusbandC.thesameasthatofherhusbandD.higherthanthatofasinglewoman33.WhatcompensationdidMariaVivasgetforthefieldA.SomeofthelandMirohadinheritedB.AtenthofMiroslandC.MoneyforhouseholdexpensesD.MoneyfromMirosinheritance34.CouldahusbandsellhiswifesinheritanceA.No,undernocircumstances.B.Yes,wheneverhewishedto.C.Yes,ifsheagreed.D.Yes,ifhisfatherinlawagreed.35.WhichofthefollowingisNOTmentionedasaneffectofthedowrysystemA.Thehusbandhadtosharethepowerofdecisioninmarriage.B.Thewifewasprotectedfromdesertion.C.Thewifegainedapowerfuleconomicposition.D.Thehusbandwasgivencontroloverhiswifesproperty.PARTTWOⅣ.WordSpelling10points,1pointfortwoitems已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。36.交换,调换n.e______________37.运输,运输工具n.t__________________________38.平均的普通的a.a____________39.暴力的,猛烈的a.v____________40.仍然,然而,不过ad.n______________________41.有益的,有利的a.b__________________42.宣扬,宣传v.p________________43.估计,评价,估价n./v.e______________44.观光,旅游n.t____________45.指示,指出代表v.d__________46.起初的,新颖的a.o______________47.独立的,自主的a.i____________________48.想象,设想v.v________________49.对比n./v.c______________50.压力强调n./v.s__________51.减少,缩小v.r__________52.有限的a.l____________53.使迷惑迷n./v.p__________54.环境,周围状况n.e____________________55.容忍的宽容的a.t______________Ⅴ.WordForm10points,1pointforeachitem将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。57.Wewillhaveavisittotheseaside________providetheweatherremainsclear.58.HadIleftalittleearlier,I________catchthe60.Afewyearslatershecamehomeonly________findthatherhometownhad62.Imsurehe_______63.Webecomeusedto________seebloodonthenewsontelevision,orinfullcolor64.Itis________interestingnovelIhaveeverread.65.Icantfindtherecorderintheroom.Itmust________takebysomeoneelse.Ⅵ.TranslationfromChineseintoEnglish15points,3pointsforeachitem将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。66.他走都不会,更不用说跑了。67.不管赞成还是反对,我都将继续下去。68.生产商应该对自己的产品质量负全部责任。69.老人继续说着,根本不顾我在此事上的感情。70.毋庸置疑,很多人受益于心脏手术。Ⅶ.TranslationfromEnglishintoChinese15points.将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。AreyouabletoreadthesearticlesinaminuteorlessPerhapsrightnowyoushouldstopawhileandremindyourselfofsomeimportantthingsthathelpyoutoreadfaster.Checkyourselfonthesepointsandbesureyouaredoingtherightthings.Youshouldalwaysmoveyoureyesfromlefttorightacrossthepage.Alwayskeepmovingforward.Donotletyoureyesgobackoverwordsyouhavealreadyread.Donotreadwordsseparately.Learntoseegroupsofwords.Donotsoundout发响thewordsasyoureadthem.Andrememberthatyoudonothavetoreadeveryword.Lookforthemainnounsandthemainverbs.Ifyouwanttobesurethatyoudonotloseyourplaceasyouread,youcankeepyourfingerundertheline.Butdonotmoveyourfingerfromlefttorightwithyoureyes.Yourfingershouldbeunderthemiddleoftheline.Keepyoureyesmovingallthetime.Besuretopracticeoneverythingyouread.Alsoremembertoexerciseyoureyeseveryday.

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