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自考英语国家概况一句话(打印).doc.doc

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自考英语国家概况一句话(打印).doc.doc

国家概况1英国部分1WHATISTHEFULLNAMEOFTHEUNITEDKINGDOMITISTHEUNITEDKINGDOMOFGREATBRITAINANDNORTHERNIRELAND2WHATARETHETWOLARGEISLANDTHATMAKEUPTHEBRITISHISLESTHEYAREGREATBRITAINANDIRELAND3WHATARETHEFOURPOLITICALDIVISIONOFTHEUNITEDKINGDOMTHEYAREENGLAND,SCOTLAND,WALESANDNORTHERNIRELAND4WHYDOESTHEUNITEDKINGDOMHAVEAMILDCLIMATE,EVENTHOUGHITLIESFARTHERNORTHTHANOURHEILONGJIANGPROVINCEBECAUSEBRITAIN’SCLIMATEISINFLUENCEDBYTHEGULFSTREAM5HOWMANYMETROPOLITANAREASDOESENGLANDHAVEENGLANDHASSEVENMETROPOLITANAREAS6WHATISTHEBACKBONEOFENGLANDTISTHEPENNINES7WHATISTHELARGESTLAKEINTHEBRITISHISLESITISLOUGHNEAGH8FROMWHATLANGUAGESISENGLISHDERIVEDENGLANDISMAINLYDERIVEDFROMTHEANGLOSAXONANDNORMANFRENCHLANGUAGES9WHATISANEISTEDDFODANEISTEDDFODISAWELSHFESTIVALOFPOETRY,MUSICANDOTHERARTS10WHATHAVETHESCOTTISHPEOPLEBEENFAMOUSFORTHESCOTTISHPEOPLEHAVEBEENFAMOUSFORTHEIRCLOSEKNITCLANS,COLORFULPLAIDKILTS,ANDSKILLASFIERCEWARRIORS11HOWLONGWASBRITAINUNDERTHEROMANOCCUPATIONBRITAINWASUNDERTHEROMANOCCUPATIONFORNEARLY400YEARS12WHYWASTHEROMANIMPACTUPONTHEBRITAINSURPRISINGLYLIMITEDTHEROMANIMPACTONTHEBRITAINWASSURPRISINGLYLIMITEDBECAUSETHEROMANSALWAYSTREATEDTHEBRITAINASASUBJECTPEOPLEOFSLAVECLASSANDTHEYNEVERINTERMARRIEDWITHTHENATIVEBRITAIN13WHENDIDTHEANGLOSAXONSBEGINTOSETTLEINBRITAINTHEANGLOSAXONSBEGANTOSETTLEINBRITAININTHE5THCENTURY14WHENDIDENGLANDBEGINTOBECHRISTIANIZEDENGLANDBEGANTOBECHRISTIANIZEDIN579国家概况215WHATWASTHERESULTOFTHESYNODOFWHITBYINYORKSHIREIN664THERESULTOFTHESYNODOFWHITBYWASTHATTHEROMANMISSIONARIESGAINEDTHEUPPERHANDOVERTHECELTICMISSIONARIES16WHATWASHAROLDDOINGWHENHEWASINFORMEDOFTHEINVASIONOFNORTHUMBRIABYTOSTIGANDHAROLDHARDRADAHEWASINTHESOUTHPREPARINGTORESISTTHEEXPECTEDATTACKFROMNORMANDY17WHEREDIDHAROLDDEFEATTOSTIGANDHARDRADAHAROLDDEFEATEDTOSTIGANDHAROLDHARDRADAATSTANFORDBRIDGE18BYWHOMWASWILLIAMCROWNEDKINGOFENGLANDINWESTMINSTERABBEYWILLIAMWASCROWNEDKINGOFENGLANDINWESTMINSTERABBEYBYTHEARCHBISHOPOFYORK19WHATDIDWILLIAMDOAFTERHESUPPRESSEDTHESAXONRISINGSINTHENORTHHEBUILTASTRINGOFDEFENSECASTLESTOENSUREHISMILITARYCONTROLOFTHEWHOLECOUNTRY20WASTHENORMANCONQUESTTHELASTSUCCESSFULINVASIONOFENGLANDYESTHENORMANCONQUESTWASTHELASTSUCCESSFULINVASIONOFENGLANDBECAUSEENGLANDHASNEVERBEENINVADEDSINCE21WHYDIDWILLIAMIGIVEHISBARONSLARGEESTATESINENGLANDWILLIAMIGAVELARGEESTATESTOHISBARONSBECAUSEHEWANTEDTOGETAPROMISEOFMILITARYSERVICEANDAPROPORTIONOFTHELAND’SPRODUCE22WHATWASTHEPECULIARFEATUREOFTHEFEUDALSYSTEMOFENGLANDALLLANDOWNERS,BIGANDSMALL,TOOKTHEOATHOFALLEGIANCEFORTHELANDTHEYHELD,NOTONLYTOTHEIRIMMEDIATELORD,BUTALSOTOTHEKING23WHYDIDWILLIAMIHAVETHEDOMESDAYBOOKCOMPILEDWILLIAMIHADTHEDOMESDAYBOOKCOMPILEDBECAUSEHEWANTEDTOHAVEARELIABLERECORDOFALLHISLAND,HISTENANTSANDTHEIRPOSSESSIANDTODISCOVERHOWMUCHHISTENANTSCOULDBEASKEDTOPAYBYWAYOFTAXES24WHATWASWILLIAMI’SPOLICYTOWARDSTHECHURCHHEWANTEDTOKEEPITCOMPLETELYUNDERHISCONTROL,BUTATTHESAMETIMETOUPHOLDITSPOWER25WHYDIDHENRYIIMAKETHOMASBECKETARCHBISHOPOFCANTERBURYHETHOUGHTTHATTHOMASBECKETWOULDASSISTHIMINCARRYINGOUTLEGALREFORMS26WHATBROUGHTHENRYIIINTOCOLLISIONWITHTHOMASBECKET,THEARCHBISHOPOFCANTERBURYTHEEXCEPTIONALPRIVILEGESENJOYEDBYTHECLERGYBROUGHTHENRYIIINTOCOLLISIONWITHTHOMASBECKET27WHATARETHETWOASPECTSOFTHENORMANLEGACYTHATCONTRIBUTEDTOGREATDOMESTICUNRESTINENGLANDINTHE12THAND13THCENTURIESONEWASENGLAND’SPOSSESSIONOFTERRITORYINFRANCETHEOTHERWASNORMANADHERENCETOROMANCATHOLICISM28WHOWASTHEFRENCHNATIONALHEROINEDURINGTHEHUNDREDYEAR’SWARWHOHELPEDTHEFRENCHTODRIVETHEENGLISHOUTOFFRANCEJOANOFARC国家概况329WHENDIDTHEGOVERNMENTESTABLISHRULESFORTHEFIRSTTIMETOKEEPDOWNWAGESTHEGOVERNMENTESTABLISHEDRULESFORTHEFIRSTTIMETOKEEPDOWNWAGESIN135130HOWMANYPEASANTINKENTANDESSEXWEREKILLEDBYRICHARDII’STROOPS40,000PEASANTSINKENTANDESSEXWEREKILLEDBYRICHARDII’STROOPS31WHATWERETHEEMBLEMSOFTHEHOUSESOFYORKANDLANCASTERTHEEMBLEMOFTHEHOUSEOFYORKWASAWHITEROSEANDTHEEMBLEMOFTHEHOUSEOFLANCASTERWASAREDROSE32WHATWASTHEIMPACTOFTHEWARSOFTHEROSESONFEUDALISMINENGLANDTHEWARSOFTHEROSESDEALTADEATHBLOWTOFEUDALISMINENGLAND33HOWDIDELIZABETHITRYTOAVOIDTROUBLINGPARLIAMENTTOOOFTENFORPOUNDSSHETRIEDTOAVOIDTROUBLINGPARLIAMENTBYMAKINGSTRICTECONOMIESATCOURT34WHATQUESTIONSDIDELIZABETHITREATASPERSONALANDPRIVATETHESEQUESTIONSWEREHERRELIGION,HERMARRIAGE,HERFOREIGNPOLICY,THESUCCESSIONTOTHETHRONE,ANDHERFINANCE35HOWDIDELIZABETHIMANAGETOMAINTAININFRIENDLYRELATIONSHIPWITHFRANCESHEMANAGEDTOMAINTAINAFRIENDLYRELATIHIPWITHFRANCETHROUGHHERMARRIAGEALLIANCESWHICHWERENEVERMATERIALIZED36WHENWASMARYQUEENOFSCOTSEXECUTEDMARYQUEENOFSCOTSWASEXECUTEDIN158737WHATDIDTHEDESTRUCTIONOFTHESPANISHARMADASHOWITSHOWEDENGLAND’SSUPERIORITYASANAVALPOWER38WHATWASTHELONGTERMRESULTOFTHEGUNPOWDERPLOTTHELONGTERMRESULTOFTHEGUNPOWDERPLOTHASBEENANANNUALCELEBRATIONOFNOVEMBER5,WHENABONFIREISLITTOBURNAGUYANDAFIREWORKDISPLAYISARRANGED39WHATWASPURITANISMNOTEDFORITWASNOTEDFORSIMPLEDRESS,HIGHMORALSTANDARDSANDVERYEGALITARIANATTITUDES40WHATISACONSTITUTIONALMONARCHYACONSTITUTIONALMONARCHYISONEWHOSEPOWERISLIMITEDBYPARLIAMENT41WHATDIDTHEWHIGSSTANDFORINTHEEARLY19THCENTURYTHEYSTOODFORAREDUCTIONINCROWNPATRONAGE,SYMPATHYTOWARDSNONCONFORMISTS,ANDCAREFORTHEINTERESTSOFMERCHANTSANDBANKERS42WHYDIDCHANGESINFARMINGMETHODSAFFECTLIVESOFMILLIONSINTHE18THCENTURYCHANGESINFARMINGMETHODSAFFECTEDLIVESOFMILLIONSINTHE18THCENTURYENGLANDBECAUSEVILLAGEANDAGRICULTUREWERETHEBACKBONEOFENGLANDATTHATTIME国家概况443WHATDIDTHELANDOWNERSWANTTODOINTHELATE18THANDEARLY19THCENTURIESTHEYWANTEDTOREPLACETHESMALLFARMSCULTIVATEDONTHE“OPENFIELD”SYSTEMBYLARGER,ECONOMICALLYMOREEFFICIENTFARMSWITHHEDGEDIVIDEDFIELDS44WHYWASKINGGEORGEIIINICKNAMED“FARMERGEORGE”KINGGEORGEIIIWASNICKNAMED“FARMERGEORGE”BECAUSEHEWASVERYENTHUSIASTICABOUTAGRICULTURALCHANGESATWINSOR45WHATWERETHETWOEVENTSWHICHMOSTALARMEDTHEBRITISHRULINGCLASSESINTHECLOSINGDECADESOFTHE18THCENTURYTHEYWERETHEAMERICANWAROFINDEPENDENCEANDTHEFRENCHREVOLUTION46WHENDIDTHEBRITISHBEGINTOTRANSPORTCONVICTSTOAUSTRALIATHEBRITISHBEGANTOTRANSPORTCONVICTSTOAUSTRALIAIN178847WHATWASTHERESULTOFTHEGENERALSTRIKEOF1926THESTRIKEFAILEDTHEMINERSWEREFORCEDTORETURNTOWORKWITHLONGERHOURSANDLOWERWAGESEVENTHANBEFOREYET,OUTSIDETHEMININGDISTRICT,THESTRIKESEEMEDTOHAVEIMPROVEDRELATIBETWEENTHEWORKERSANDTHEMIDDLECLASSES48WHYD4IDEDWARDVIIIABDICATEIN1936AFTERAREIGNOF10MONTHSEDWARDVIIIABDICATEDBECAUSEHEWANTEDTOMARRYWALLISSIMPSON,ATWICEDIVORCEDAMERICAN49WHENDIDBRITAINFINALLYBECOMEAFULLMEMBEROFTHEEUROPEANECONOMICCOMMUNITYBRITAINFINALLYBECAMEAFULLMEMBEROFTHEEUROPEANECONOMICCOMMUNITYINJANUARY,197350WHYWASMRSTHATCHERREMOVEDFROMOFFICEIN1990ITWASBECAUSEOFHEROPPOSITIONTOEUROPEANUNIONANDHERIMPOSITIONOFANEXTREMELYUNPOPULARFLATRATE“POLLTAX”INPLACEOFPROPERTYTAXESTOPAYORLOCALGOVERNMENTSERVICE61WHEREDOESTHESOVEREIGN’SCORONATIONTAKEPLACETHESOVEREIGN’SCORONATIONTAKESPLACEATWESTMINSTERABBEYINLONDON62WHENISTHESOVEREIGN’SBIRTHDAYOFFICIALLYCELEBRATEDITISOFFICIALLYCELEBRATEDINJUNEEVERYYEAR63WHATDOESTHEDUKEOFEDINBURGHDOWHENTHEQUEENPAYSSTATEVISITSTOFOREIGNGOVERNMENTSHEACCOMPANIESHER64WHEREDOESTHEQUEEN’SEXPENDITUREARISINGFROMPUBLICDUTIESCOMEFROMTHEQUEEN’SEXPENDITUREARISINGFROMPUBLICDUTIESCOMESFROMTHECIVILLISTANDGOVERNMENTDEPARTMENTS65WHATDOESTHETERM“PARLIAMENT”ORIGINALLYMEANTHETERM“PARLIAMENT”ORIGINALLYMEANSAMEETINGFORAPARLEYORDISCUSSION66WHATISTHEMAINFUNCTIONOFTHEHOUSEOFLORDSTHEMAINFUNCTIONOFTHEHOUSEOFLORDSISTOBRINGTHEWIDEEXPERIENCEOFITSMEMBERSINTOTHEPROCESSOFLAWMAKING国家概况567WHATISTHESPEAKER’STASKINTHEHOUSEOFCOMMONSHISTASKISTOPRESIDEOVERTHEHOUSEANDENFORCETHERULESOFORDER68HOWMANYCOUNTIESARETHEREINENGLANDANDWALESTHEREARE53COUNTIESINENGLANDANDWALES69WHATARETHETHREEISLANDAREASWHERESINGLETIERAUTHORITIESWEREINTRODUCEDINSCOTLANDTHEYARETHEORKNEYS,THESHETLANDSANDTHEWESTERNISLES70HOWDOLOCALAUTHORITIESINGREATBRITAINRAISEREVENUETHEYRAISEREVENUETHROUGHTHECOUNCILTAX81AREBRITISHPEOPLEOBLIGEDTOUSETHENATIONALHEALTHSERVICENOTHEYARENOTOBLIGEDTOUSETHESERVICE82WHATARESERVICESFORELDERLYPEOPLEAIMEDATSERVICESFORELDERLYPEOPLEAREAIMEDATHELPINGTHEMLIVEATHOMEWHENEVERPOSSIBLE83WHATISTHEAIMOFTHESOCIALSECURITYSYSTEMTHEAIMOFTHESOCIALSECURITYISTOSECUREABASICSTANDARDOFLIVINGFORPEOPLEINFINANCIALNEED84ATWHATAGEDOMENANDWOMENGENERALLYRETIREMENGENERALLYRETIREATTHEAGEOF65,ANDWOMENATTHEATEOF6085WHATARETHETWOESTABLISHEDCHURCHESINBRITAINTHEYARETHECHURCHOFENGLANDINENGLANDANDTHECHURCHOFSCOTLANDINSCOTLAND86HOWMANYPROVINCESDOESTHECHURCHOFENGLANDHAVETHECHURCHOFENGLANDHASTWOPROVINCESCANTERBURYANDYORK87WHENWERETHEFIRSTWOMENPRIESTSORDAINEDINBRITAINTHEYWEREORDAINEDINMARCH199488WHOFOUNDEDTHESALVATIONARMYINTHEEASTOFLONDONIN1865WILLIAMBOOTH,AGREATFOLLOWEROFJOHNWESLEY,FOUNDEDTHESALVATIONARMY89WHEREDOTHEPEOPLEINLONDONGOTOSEETHECHRISTMASDECORATIONSTHEYGOTOOXFORDSTREET,REGENTSTREETANDPICCADILLYTOSEETHECHRISTMASDECORATIONS90WHYISDECEMBER26THCALLED“BOXINGDAY”DECEMBER26THISCALLEDBOXINGDAYBECAUSEITWASFORMERLYTHECUSTOMTOGIVE“CHRISTMASBOXES”,ORGIFTSOFMONEY,TOSERVANTSANDTRADESMENONTHISDAY91HOWMANYKINDSOFSTATESECONDARYSCHOOLSARETHEREINGREATBRITAINTHREETHEYAREGRAMMARSCHOOL,SECONDARYMODERNSCHOOLANDCOMPREHENSIVESCHOOL国家概况692WHENWASTHEOPENUNIVERSITYFOUNDEDWHENDIDITBEGINITSFIRSTCOURSESITWASFOUNDEDIN1969,ANDITBEGANITSFIRSTCOURSESIN197093WHYISTHEOPENUNIVERSITYSONAMEDITISSONAMEDBECAUSEITIS“OPEN”TOALLTOBECOMESTUDENTS94HOWMUCHMONEYISSPENTONPRESSADVERTISINGEVERYYEARINGREATBRITAINABOUT£5,100MILLION95HOWMUCHTIMEDOBRITISHPEOPLESPENDADAYWATCHINGTELEVISIONPEOPLESPENDANAVERAGEOFOVERTHREEANDAHALFHOURSADAYWATCHINGTELEVISION96HOWARETHESTATERUNTELEVISIONCHANNELSBBC1ANDBBC2FINANCEDTHEYAREFINANCEDFROMTHESALEOFTELEVISIONLICENCES97HOWAREINDEPENDENTCHANNELSITVANDC4FUNDEDTHEYAREFUNDEDENTIRELYBYADVERTISING98WHENDIDTHEBBCBEGINTOPROVIDEREGULARTELEVISIONBROADCASTSTHEBBCBEGANTOPROVIDEREGULARTELEVISIONBROADCASTSIN193699WHICHSPORTISREGARDEDASTYPICALLYENGLISHCRICKETISTHEMOSTTYPICALLYENGLISHSPORT100WHATISA“COPYRIGHT”LIBRARYITISALIBRARYWHICHISENTITLEDTORECEIVEAFREECOPYOFEVERYBOOKPUBLISHEDINTHEUNITEDKINGDOM美国部分1HOWDOESTHEUNITEDSTATESRANKAMONGTHECOUNTRIESOFTHEWORLDINPOPULATIONANDAREATHEUNITEDSTATESOFAMERICAISTHETHIRDLARGESTCOUNTRYINTHEWORLDINPOPULATIONANDTHEFOURTHLARGESTCOUNTRYINAREA2WHATARETHETWOMAJORMOUNTAINRANGESINTHEUNITEDSTATESTHEYARETHEAPPALACHIANHIGHLANDSANDTHEROCKYMOUNTAINS3WHATISTHECONTINENTALDIVIDE,ORGREATDIVIDETHECONTI

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