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自考英语试题和答案.doc.doc

自考英语试题和答案(发布时间2007713101600来自)自考英语试题和答案PARTONEⅠVOCABULARYANDSTRUCTURE10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。1ITISTIMENOWTOLEARN________TOPROTECTOURATMOSPHERE,THEROOFOVERTHEWORLDOFMANAWHATBWHICHCHOWDTHAT2ASSOCIATIONREFERS________TAKINGTHEMATERIALWEWANTTOREMEMBERANDRELATINGITTOSOMETHINGWEREMEMBERACCURATELYAINBTOCUPDBY3TOMATOES________LOVEAPPLESANDWERESUPPOSEDTOMAKEPEOPLE________ATETHEMFALLINLOVEACALLEDWHOBWERECALLEDWHOCCALLEDWHOMDWERECALLEDWHOM4THEDOCTORADVISEDTHATJIM________DOWNFORARESTALIEBLIESCLAYDLAIN5________ALITTLEEARLIER,IWOULDHAVECAUGHTTHETRAINADIDILEAVEBWOULDILEAVECHADILEFTDHAVEILEFT6WHENWECALLAWORD“POPULAR”,WEDONOTMEANTHATITISAFAVORITEWORD,________SIMPLYTHATITBELONGSTOTHEPEOPLEASAWHOLE,THATIS,ITISEVERYBODYSWORDASOBSINCECFORDBUT7IWOULDRATHERYOU________SWIMMINGNOWAWENTBGOCTOGODGOING8HISILLNESSACCOUNTS________HISABSENCEFROMCLASSATOBFORCOVERDAFTER9THEMOREWORDSYOUAREFAMILIARWITH,THELESSYOUAREAWAREOFREADINGWORDSAND________YOUAREAWAREOFCONTENTANDMEANINGAMOREBLESSCTHEMOREDTHELESS10ALMOST20OFALLAMERICANFAMILIES________SINGLEPARENTFAMILIES,ANDIN85OFTHESEFAMILIESTHESINGLEPARENT________THEMOTHERAAREISBAREARECISAREDISISⅡCLOZETEST10POINTS,1POINTFOREACHITEM下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。MANYCHILDRENACTINTVSHOWSTHEYWORKSEVERALHOURSEVERYDAY,SOTHEYCANNOTGOTOREGULARSCHOOLHOWDOTHEYGET11INHOLLYWOOD,WHEREMANYTVSHOWSAREMADE,ABOUTFORTYTEACHERSGIVELESSONSFOR12INTHESHOWSTHEYTEACHWHEREVERTHEIRPUPILSAREWORKINGTHETEACHERS13ISVERYIMPORTANTSHEISRESPONSIBLEFORMAKINGSURETHATTHECHILDWORKSONLYTHEPERMITTEDHOURSEACHWEEKSHEISALSORESPONSIBLEFORMAKINGSURETHATTHECHILDLEARNSTHE14SUBJECTSSHEMAKESSURE,TOO,THATTHECHILDGETSENOUGH15ANDPLAY,ALONGWITHHISEDUCATIONCHILDACTORSAREREQUIREDTO16CLASSESTWENTYHOURSEACHWEEKCALIFORNIALAWSAYSTHATTHEYMUSTBETAUGHTFROMSEPTEMBERTOTHEMIDDLEOFJUNEIFTHEYDONOTGETGOOD17INSCHOOL,THEYARENOTPERMITTEDTOCONTINUEWORKINGINTVSHOWSTVCHILDRENAREUSUALLYGOOD18,ANDMOSTOFTHEIRTEACHERSLIKETHISSPECIALKINDOFWORKTHEIRCLASSESAREHELDINMANY19PLACESSOMETIMESTHE20ISAMISSISSIPPIRIVERBOATSOMETIMESITISTHEINSIDEOFASPACESHIPOFTENTHEPUPILSBECOMEFAMOUSSTARS11AASCHOOLBANHONORCANEDUCATIONDAJOB12AWORKERSBCHARACTERSCSTUDENTSDCHILDREN13AJOBBATTITUDECWORRYDEMOTION14AINTERESTINGBREQUIREDCEASYDDIFFICULT15AFOODBCLOTHESCWORKDREST16AGOTOBATTENDCLEARNDKEEPUP17AMARKSBREMARKSCAWARDSDREWARDS18ABOYSBACTORSCGIRLSDPUPILS19ADANGEROUSBINTERESTINGCSAFEDLONELY20AHOMEBHOUSECCLASSROOMDSTAGEⅢ.READINGCOMPREHENSION30POINTS,2POINTSFOREACHITEM从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的答案涂黑。PASSAGEONEQUESTIONS21TO25AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGETHECOMMUNICATIONPROCESSBEGINSWITHTHEFORMULATIONOFANIDEAORTHESELECTIONOFINFORMATIONBYITSSENDERTHESENDERTHENENCODESTHEIDEAINTOSYMBOLS,THEREBYCREATINGAMESSAGE,WHICHISSUBSEQUENTLYTRANSMITTED传送THROUGHONEORMORECHANNELSEG,SPEAKING,WRITING,ORELECTRONICMEDIAITISATTHISPOINTTHATTHERECEIVERDECODES解码ANDATTACHESMEANINGTOTHEMESSAGEIFEFFECTIVECOMMUNICATIONHASOCCURRED,THERECEIVERWILLUNDERSTANDTHEIDEAANDINFORMATIONASTHESENDERINTENDEDUNFORTUNATELY,THEPOTENTIALFORPHYSICALANDPERCEPTUALNOISE,WHICHCANDISTORTTHEINTENDEDMESSAGEOFTHESENDER,ISPRESENTATEVERYSTAGEOFTHEPROCESSFORTUNATELY,NOISECANBEOVERCOMETHROUGHEFFECTIVEFEEDBACK反馈,ARESPONSEFROMTHESENDERTHATALLOWSMISUNDERSTANDINGSTOBEIDENTIFIEDANDRESOLVEDTWOWAYCOMMUNICATIONCOMMUNICATIONTHATALLOWSFEEDBACKISALMOSTALWAYSMOREEFFECTIVETHANONEWAYCOMMUNICATIONEACHOFTHESTEPSINTHECOMMUNICATIONPROCESSHASPOTENTIALPROBLEMSTHATCANIMPEDE妨碍EFFECTIVECOMMUNICATIONDURINGENCODING,THEPRIMARYDIFFICULTYUSUALLYRESULTSFROMTHENATUREOFSYMBOLSANDTHESEMANTIC语义VARIATIONINTHEIRMEANINGSINADDITIONTOTHESEDISTORTIONS,THESENDERMUSTALSOBEAWAREOFNONVERBALMESSAGESTHATMIGHTDISTORTTHEMESSAGETHISAWARENESSISIMPORTANTBECAUSERESEARCHHASSHOWNTHATNONVERBALMESSAGESAREGIVENGREATERWEIGHTBYTHERECEIVERWHENDECODINGANDATTACHINGMEANINGTOTHEMESSAGETHEEFFECTIVENESSOFENCODINGWILLBEINCREASEDIFTHESENDERDEVELOPSEMPATHY感情移入FORTHERECEIVERANDISAWAREOFHISORHEROWNFEELINGSANDEMOTIONSTHEKEYTOEFFECTIVETRANSMISSIONOFTHEMESSAGEISCHOOSINGTHEMOSTAPPROPRIATECHANNELORCHANNELSOFMEDIAFORTHESITUATION21THEBESTTITLEFORTHEPASSAGEIS________ACOMMUNICATIONPROCESSBCOMMUNICATIONCEFFECTIVECOMMUNICATIONDTRANSMISSIONOFMESSAGES22TWOWAYCOMMUNICATIONISMOREEFFECTIVETHANONEWAYCOMMUNICATIONBECAUSE________AITALLOWSFEEDBACKBITCANDISTORTTHEINTENDEDMESSAGEOFTHESENDERCTHESENDERISAWAREOFTHENONVERBALMESSAGESTHATMIGHTDISTORTTHEMESSAGEDNONEOFTHEABOVE23UNLESSTHERECEIVERUNDERSTANDTHEIDEAANDINFORMATIONASTHESENDERINTENDED,________AEFFECTIVECOMMUNICATIONCANBEACHIEVEDBEFFECTIVECOMMUNICATIONCANNOTBEACHIEVEDCTHECOMMUNICATIONPROCESSWILLNOTENDDBOTHBANDC24PROBLEMSTHATMIGHTIMPEDEEFFECTIVECOMMUNICATIONARECAUSEDBY________ATHENATUREOFSYMBOLBTHESEMANTICVARIATIONINTHEIRMEANINGSCNONVERBALMESSAGESDALLOFTHEABOVE25WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGISCRITICALTOEFFECTIVECOMMUNICATIONACREATINGAMESSAGEBDEVELOPINGEMPATHYFORTHERECEIVERCOVERCOMINGNOISETHROUGHEFFECTIVEFEEDBACKDCHOOSINGTHEMOSTAPPROPRIATECHANNELORCHANNELSOFMEDIAPASSAGETWOQUESTIONS26TO30AREBASEDONTHEFOLLOWINGPASSAGESCIENTISTSCLAIMTHATAIRPOLLUTIONCAUSESADECLINEINT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

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