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自考英语一讲义.doc.doc

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自考英语一讲义.doc.doc

01TextAHowtobeasuccessfullanguagelearner本课主要单词1.successfuladj.成功的Heisasuccessfulwriter.(他是一个有成就的作家。)Hehopeshewillbesuccessfulthistime.(他希望他这次能够成功。)successn.成功Theirfilmisagreatsuccess.(他们的影片很成功。)Wearesureofsuccess.(我们一定能成功。)succeedv.成功Isucceededingettingthejob.(我成功地得到了这份工作。)Shesucceededinpassingtheexam.(她考试及格了。)2.adultadj.n.成年的,成熟的成年人Theseadultfilmsarenotsuitableforchildren.(这些成人电影,儿童不宜观看。)Dontworrytoomuchabouthim,heisanadultnow.(别为他过分担心,他是成年人了。)3.disagreevi.有分歧,不同意不符,不一致agreevi.同意Idisagreewithyouaboutthis.〔对于这件事,我跟你的意见不同。〕Thesefiguresdisagreewithlastweeksresults.(这些数据与上周的结果不符。)Iagreewithwhatyousaid.(我同意你所说的。)Sheagreedtotheplan.(她赞成这个计划。)Wehaventagreedonthedateofthemeeting.(我们还没商定会议的日期。)agreementn.同意协议disagreementn.不同意包过的英语2Wehaventreachedanagreementyet.(我们还没达成协议。)Therewasnodisagreement,andtheproposalwasaccepted.(没有不同意见,这个建议被接受了。)(请注意前缀dis通常可以加在动词,名词,形容词前面,构成反意词。例如dissatisfy,disorder,disable.后缀ment加在动词的后面,构成名词。例如arrangement,argument等。)4.statementn.声明,陈述(由动词state加名词后缀ment构成)Verysoonhemadehisfirstpublicstatementabouttheaffair.(他很快就此事件首次发表公开声明。)Doyoubelievethewitnesssstatement(你相信证人的陈述吗)(请注意动词与名词的搭配issueastatement,makeastatement)5.guaranteen.v.保证,担保,保修Hegavehisguaranteethathewouldrepaythemoneyassoonashecould.(他保证他会尽快还钱。)Thewashingmachineisguaranteedforfiveyears.(这台洗衣机保用5年。)(请注意guarantee做动词的用法guaranteesth.,guaranteethat,guaranteeagainst/from)6.intelligentadj.聪明的,明智的Hemadeanintelligentdecision.(他做出了明智的决定。)Humanbeingsaremuchmoreintelligentthananimals.(人类远比动物聪明。)Intelligencen.聪明,智力Shepridedherselfonherintelligence.(她为自己的聪明感到自豪。)Intelligentlyadv.聪明地,明智地Theydealtwiththeproblemintelligently.(他们明智地处理了这个问题。)7.converselyadv.相反地Somearewealthybutunhappyconversely,othersarehappybutnotwealthy.(有的人富有但不快乐,相反,另一些人快乐但不富有。)converseadj.相反的Iholdtheconverseopinion.(我的观点相反。)conversev.交谈,谈话HefeltitdifficulttoconversewithHeleninEnglish.(他觉得跟海伦用英语交谈很困难。)8.similaradj.相似的,类似的Thetwoanimalsaresimilartoeachotherinappearance.(这两只动物外表很相似。)similarityn.相似,类似Theirdifferencesaremorenoticeablethantheirsimilarities.(他们的不同之处比相同之处更明显。)9.independentadj.独立的,自主的(这个词的词根是depend,在depend的后面加上后缀ent可以构成形容词,加上ence则可以构成名词在dependent,dependence前面加上前缀in又可以构成反义词。)dependv.依靠,依赖dependencen.依靠,依赖dependentadj.依靠的,依赖的independencen.独立,自主Indiawonitsindependencein1947.(印度于1947年赢得了独立。)10.cluen.线索,提示Thepolicesearchedallthehousesbutfoundnoclues.(警察搜索了所有的房屋,但是没有发现任何线索。)(注意用法find/giveacluetosth.)11.conclusionn.结论,推论concludev.断定,决定(注意用法cometoaconclusion,jumpataconclusion,drawaconclusion,reachaconclusion)Whatconclusionsdidyoucometo(你得出了什么结论)12.communicatev.交流,交际,通讯communicationn.交流,通讯communicativeadj.爱说话的Tocommunicatewithhimisnoeasyjob,asheisnotacommunicativeperson.(他是一个不爱说话的人,与他交流可不容易。)Speechandwritingaremansmostimportantmethodsofcommunication.(说和写是人类最重要的交流方式。)13.inexactadj.不正确的,不精确的与independent一样,该词是由形容词exact加前缀in构成的。14.incompleteadj.不完整的completeadj.v.完整的完成Thisisanincompletesentence,pleaseaddtheomittedpartandmakeitcomplete.〔这是一个不完整的句子,请加上省略的成分使其完整。〕IdontthinkIcancompletetheworkin2hours.〔我想我在两小时内干不完这活。〕15.purposen.目的,意图,用途purposefuladj.有目的的,有意图的purposefullyadv.有目的地,蓄意地Thepurposeofthemeetingwastodiscusshisproposal.〔会议的目的是讨论他的建议。〕Heletouttheinformationpurposefullytoyou.〔他有意向你透露了这个消息。〕16.regularlyadv.经常地,定期地regularadj.经常的,定期的irregularadj.不规则的,无规律的Ifyoureviewyourlessonsregularly,youwilldowellontests.〔如果你定期复习功课,就能在考试中取得好成绩。〕17.techniquen.技术,技巧,手艺GoodstudytechniqueshelphimtobeoneofthestraightAstudentsinhisclass.〔良好的学习技巧使他成为班上的全优生之一。〕18.outlinev.n.概括大纲,提纲轮廓HelistenedcarefullyasIoutlinedmyreasons.〔在我简述我的原因时,他认真地听着。〕TheEnglishteacheraskedustowriteabriefoutlineofthestory.〔英语老师让我们写这篇故事的概要。〕Hesawtheoutlineofthehouseinthemoonlight.(在月光下,他看到了那座屋子的轮廓。)本课主要词缀1.名词后缀mentagreement,statement2.名词后缀ation,ion,sioncommunication,completion,conclusion3.名词后缀itysimilarity,regularity4.名词后缀enceintelligence,independence5.形容词后缀fulsuccessful,purposeful6.副词后缀lyconversely,regularly,purposefully7.反义词前缀ininexact,incomplete,independent8.反义词前缀disdisagree,discover本课简介HowtoBeaSuccessfulLanguageLearner是一篇典型的说明文。此类文章通常以逻辑顺序安排材料,作者要回答HOW或WHY方面的问题。在说明文的阅读与写作中,要注意抓主题句以及使文章内容启承转合的常用词句。本课中,作者从一句引言入手,先谈了人们对语言学习的看法,然后阐述了自己对学好语言的看法。文章条理十分清楚,对我们学写说明文很有帮助。本课语言点1.Learningalanguageiseasy.这是一个主语+动词+表语(SVP)句型。句中learningalanguage为动名词短语,在句子中做主语。再如Forgettingthepastmeansbetrayal.(忘记过去就意味着背叛。)请翻译下面的句子1阅读英语比讲英语容易。(ReadingEnglishiseasierthanspeakingit.)2集邮是我弟弟的爱好。(Collectingstampsismylittlebrothershobby.)2.Evenachildcandoit.even在句中作副词用,加强语气,表示甚至(也),连(都)。如Heevendidnttrusthisbestfriend.(他甚至不信任他最好的朋友。)请注意even与evenif/though的区别并翻译下面的句子1这个我连听都没听过。(Ihaventevenheardofit.)2即使花了数天时间复习,他也没能考好。(Hedidntdowellintheexameventhoughhespentdaysreviewing.)3.Mostadultswhoarelearningasecondlanguagewoulddisagreewiththisstatement.句中whoarelearningasecondlanguage为定语从句,修饰先行词mostadults,再如Themanwhowrotethisbookisateacher.(写这本书的人是一位教师。)请翻译下面的句子1穿蓝色夹克的那个男孩是我们的班长。(Theboywhoisinabluejacketisourmonitor.)2你昨天借给我的那本书很有趣。(Thebookthatyoulentmeyesterdayisveryinteresting.)句中的would是助动词,表示可能,(将)会。例如Apicnicwithoutyouwouldntbefun.(野餐没你参加会很没意思。)助动词would的用法很多,概括起来主要有如下几种2表示意愿Iaskedhimnottodoit,buthewouldntlistentome.3表示习惯性Everyevening,wewouldgoforawalkalongtheriver.4表示虚拟,假设,条件Ifyouhadcomeearlier,youwouldhaveseenhim.5表示婉转地请求或建议WouldyoulookaftermycatwhileIamaway4.Theyneedhundredsofhoursofstudyandpractice,andeventhiswillnotguaranteesuccessforeveryadultlanguagelearner.注意句中hundredsofhours的用法,阅读课本第六页注解2。请翻译下面的词组1十个学生tenstudents数十个学生tensofstudents2五百年fivehundredyears数百年hundredsofyears3两千年twothousandyears数千年thousandsofyears4三百万美元threemilliondollars数百万美元millionsofdollars5.Languagelearningisdifferentfromotherkindsoflearning.句中bedifferentfrom意为与不同,如Myopinionisdifferentfromyours.(我的观点与你的观点不同。)请注意下面三个句子中所用的词组Manisdifferentfromalltheotheranimalsinhisabilitytolearnandusealanguage.Mandiffersfromalltheotheranimalsinhisabilitytolearnandusealanguage.Thegreatestdifferencebetweenmanandalltheotheranimalsishisabilitytolearnandusealanguage.从上面的句子中可以看出differ是动词,different是形容词,difference是名词。6.finditdifficulttosucceedinlanguagelearning.finditdifficulttosucceedinotherfields.句中的it是形式宾语(formalobject),真正的宾语(realobject)是不定式tosucceedinlanguagelearning,此类用法在英语中很常见,请注意掌握。如AtfirstIfounditdifficulttorememberallthesenewwords.(开始我感到记住这些单词很难。)请翻译下面的句子1外面的噪音使我无法继续工作。(Thenoiseoutsidemadeitdifficultformetogoonwithmywork.)2他们觉得再争论下去是浪费时间。(Theyconsideritawasteoftimetoargueanyfurther.)3她认为把真相告诉小王是对的。(ShethoughtitrighttotellXiaoWangthetruth.)7.Languageteachersoftenofferadvicetolanguagelearners.本句中注意掌握动词offer的用法,请看下面的例句1HeofferedmeacupofteaafterIsatdown.(我坐下后他给我端来一杯茶。)2Whatsuggestionswouldyouliketooffertothoseyoungteachers(对这些新教师你有什么建议要提吗)3Thisshopoffersallkindsofstationery.(这家商店供应各种文具。)4Theoldmanofferedme100yuanfortheusedbike.(那个老人向我出价100元买这辆旧自行车。)5SheofferedtohelpmewithmyEnglish.(她表示愿意帮我学英语。)句中的advice为不可数名词,其后不加s,正如课本第六页注解3所说,有许多东西在汉语中是可数的,在英语中却是不可数的。如news,information,paper等,若要表示一个这类概念,就必须加apieceof这类定语,例如apieceofnewsapieceofadviceasumofmoneyapieceofbread8.Readasmuchasyoucan.句中的much是副词,用副词作同等比较时,可以用asas和soas这种结构,如1Readasmuchasyoucanandyourvocabularywillbeenlarged.(尽量多阅读,你的词汇量就会扩大。)2Wemustarrangeeverythingaswellaswecan.(我们要把一切尽可能地安排好。)3Pleasegivemeacallassoonaspossible.(请尽早给我打电话。)4IdontspeakEnglishsowellasyou.(我英语讲得没你好。)9.Practicespeakingthelanguageeveryday.practice在美国英语中可以做动词也可以做名词,而在英国英语中,practice是名词,动词的拼写则是practise。作动词用时,其后只能跟动名词,不能跟不定式。如Itisreallynofuntopracticerunninginsuchhotweather.(在这样炎热的天气里练跑步可真不是好玩的。)10.Languagelearningresearchshowsthatsuccessfullanguagelearnersaresimilarinmanyways.thatsuccessfullanguagelearnersaresimilarinmanyways是宾语从句。在非正式场合下that引导宾语从句时可省略。如Ithinkthatyouareright.请翻译下面的句子1小男孩承认是他打碎了窗玻璃。(Thelittleboyadmittedthathebrokethewindow.)2大量证据表明他是有罪的。(Plentyofevidenceshowsthatheisguilty.)3我保证将会给他更多的帮助。(IpromisedthatIwouldgivehimmorehelp.)11.theydiscovertheirownwaytolearnthelanguage.tolearnthelanguage不定式做定语,例如Isitthebestwaytosolvetheproblem(这是解决问题的最好方法吗)请翻译下面的句子1他没有勇气承认自己是无知的。(Hehasnocouragetosaythatheisignorant.)2这将是一个交流思想的好机会。(Thiswillbeagoodopportunitytoexchangeideas.)3他们在会上没有发言权。(Theyhadnorighttospeakatthemeeting.)12.Insteadofwaitingfortheteachertoexplain,theytrytofindthepatternsandrulesforthemselves.动词不定式toexplain和名词teacher构成复合结构,作waitfor的宾语,称为复合宾语。此类用法在英语中很常见,例如1Illgetsomeonetorepairthebikeforyou.(我去找人来帮你修自行车。)2Hewantsyoutocallhimintheafternoon.(他要你下午给他打电话。)3Theteacheriswaitingforthestudentstoanswerthequestions.(老师在等学生们回答问题。)4Youcancountonhimtogiveyoufullsupport.(你放心,他会给你全力支持。)请注意insteadof与instead的区别1InsteadofstayingathomewatchingTV,hewentoutforawalk.HedidntstayathomewatchingTV,insteadhewentoutforawalk.2Insteadofhavingmilkforbreakfast,hehadacupofcoffee.Hedidnthavemilkforbreakfast,insteadhehadacupofcoffee.13.Whentheyguesswrong,theyguessagain.wrong常常作形容词或动词用,而本句中的wrong则作副词用。请注意下面句子中wrong的词类1Hewasannoyedthathehadbeengivensomewronginformation.(wrongadj.错误的)2IknewIhadwrongedherterriblywhenIgaveherallthecomplaints.(wrongv.冤枉)3Thewholeclassburstintolaughterwhentheteacherpronouncedhernamewrong.(wrongadv.错,不对)14.theylookforsuchachance.句中的such是前置限定词,可放在可数或不可数名词前,如1Iveneverseensuchbeautifulscenery.(我从没见过这样美丽的景色。)2Hedidntexpectthattheaudiencewouldgivehimsucharesponse.(他没料想到观众们会给予如此反应。)3Shedidntfeellikegoingoutonsuchacoldday.(她不想在如此寒冷的日子里出门。)从下面的句子中可以看出so与such的区别,so是副词,通常用来修饰形容词或副词1Thequestionwassodifficultthatnobodycouldanswerit.(这个问题太难了,没人能回答。)2Hiseyesightwassopoorthathecouldntseeanythingclearly.(他的视力不好,什么也看不清。)3Heransofastthatnobodycouldcatchupwithhim.(他跑得那么快,没有人能赶上他。)15.Itismoreimportantforthemtolearntothinkinthelanguagethantoknowthemeaningofeveryword.不定式短语tolearntothinkinthelanguage是句子的真正主语。it常常被用来代替不定式,在句子中充当形式主语,而把真正的主语移到句子后面去,这样使句子显得比较平稳。为了说明不定式表示的动作是谁做的,便在不定式前加for引起的短语。又如1Itisnotatalldifficultforhimtounderstandthepoem.2Itisnecessaryforustolendhimahelpinghandatthistime.moreimportantthan是形容词比较级形式,请翻译下面的句子1)汤姆的年龄比玛丽大。(TomisolderthanMary.2)这本书比那本书更有趣。(Thisbookismoreinterestingthanthatone.3)我们班的学生人数比他们班的多。(Therearemorestudentsinourclassthanintheirs.16.youhaveprobablybeenlearningindependently,actively,andpurposefully.句中所用的时态为现在完成进行时,表示一个动作从过去的某一时间开始,一直延续到现在,可能还要继续下去。又如1Hehasbeenworkingforawholeday.2TheyhavebeenwatchingTVfortwohours.请翻译下面的句子1老李已经在南京生活了二十年。(LaoLihasbeenlivinginNanjingfor20years.)2雨下多久了(Howlonghasitbeenraining)3我等了他一个多小时了。(Ihavebeenwaitingforhimformorethananhour.)17.ifyourlanguagelearninghasbeenlessthansuccessful,youmightdowelltotrysomeofthetechniquesoutlinedabove.lessthan用在形容词的前面是为了给所要表述的内容增加否定意味。又如Itwouldbelessthanfairtoputalltheblameonhim.(把所有的责任都加在他身上是不太公平的。)请翻译下面的句子1父亲对他的成绩不太满意。(Fatherwaslessthansatisfiedwithhisperformance.)2这个计划远不够完美。(Theplanwasagooddeallessthanperfect.)dowelltodosth.的意思是最好做,如Shewoulddowelltogoawayfromthesedishonestpeople.(她最好远离这些不诚实的人。)本课主要词组1.disagreewith2.bedifferentfrom3.succeedin4.offersth.tosb.5.asmuchas6.practicedoingsth.7.besimilarto8.firstofall9.dependon10.insteadof11.waitfor12.lookfor13.learnfrom14.communicatewith15.bewillingto16.beinterestedin17.inorderto18.ontheotherhand19.lessthan20.dowelltodosth.本课主要句型动名词做主语1Learningalanguageiseasy.2Learningalanguageisaverydifficulttask.B.定语从句1Mostadultswhoarelearningasecondlanguagewoulddisagreewiththisstatement.2Somepeoplewhoareintelligentandsuccessfulintheirfields3Theyaregoodguesserswhofindcluesandformtheirownconclusions.4Theyfindpeoplewhospeakthelanguage5theycanacceptinformationthatisinexactorincomplete.C.it做形式宾语1somepeoplefinditdifficulttosucceedin2TheyfinditeasytopracticeusingthelanguageregularlyD.it做形式主语1Itismoreimportantforthemtolearntothink2Itisnecessaryforthemtolearnthelanguage01TextBLanguage1.notonlybutalso(不但而且)例Tosomepeoplelanguagelearningisnotonlytimeconsuming,butalsodifficult.Youcanfindtheplacenotonlywiththehelpofamap,butalsobyaskingtheway.2.upanddown(上上下下,前前后后)例Hiseyesmovedupanddowntherowsofpeople,lookingfortheescapedprisoner.Hewalkedupanddownthestreet,notknowingwhatdecisionheshouldmake.3.neithernor(既不也不)例NeitheryounorIshouldberesponsibleforthisaccident.Thisbookisneitherinterestingnorinstructive.4.meantodosth.(打算做某事,想要做某事)例Imeanttosaysorrytohim,buthedidntwanttolisten.Hedidntmeantohurtyou.5.notatall(一点也不)例Iamnotatalltired.Hewasnotatallfrightenedbythestrangenoise.6.consistof(由组成)例Ourclassconsistsof20boysand26girls.Themedicalteamconsistsof3doctorsandtwonurses.TextATaxes,Taxes,andMoreTaxes本课主要单词1.taxn.v.税(款)对征税Thegovernmentplanstoincreasetaxesby3percent.(政府计划把税收增加三个百分点。)InBritain,tobaccoandalcoholicdrinksareheavilytaxed.(在英国,烟草和酒类饮品的税收很高。)incometax(所得税)salestax(销售税)importtax(进口税)housingandlandtax(房地产税)VATvalueaddedtax(增值税)polltax(人头税)taxcollector(税务员)taxpayer(纳税人)dodgetax(逃税,漏税)taxfree(免税的)2.typen.类型,种类,品种v.打字Nooneknowswhyhedoesntlikethistypeofwork.(没有人知道他为什么不喜欢这种工作。)ThemanageraskedMarytotypetheletteragain.(经理要玛丽把信重打一遍。)typewriter(打字机)typist(打字员)3.salaryn.工资v.(常用被动语态)给发薪salariedadj.拿薪水的,领工资的Shewashappytoknowthatshewouldgetapromotionandanincreaseinsalary.(得知她将得到提级和加薪,她很开心。)Dontworryabouthim,hewillbesalariedbyabigcompany.(别为他担心,一家大公司会给他发薪水。)Withhisknowledgeandexperiencehewasboundtogetahighsalariedpost.(凭借他的知识和经验,他一定能找到一份高薪的工作。)salary和wage的区别在于salary是指为从事非体力劳动的人按月支付的薪水,wage则通常指为从事体力劳动的人按周支付的薪水。4.earnv.挣得赢得,获得Heworked14hoursadayinorderthathecouldearnenoughtosupportthefamily.(为了能挣足够的钱养家,他每天工作十四小时。)Hissincerityearnshimfriendswhereverhegoes.(无论走到哪,他的真诚都能赢得朋友。)5.percentagen.百分比,百分率比例,部分percent/percentn.每百中,百分之Thepercentageofuniversityenrollmentwillbegreatlyincreasedthisyear.(今年,大学录取的百分比将大大提高。)About70percentofhighschoolgraduatesinNanjingwillbeenrolledbyuniversitiesthisyear.(今年,南京的高中毕业生将有百分之七十被高校录取。)6.varyvi.变化,有不同vt.改变,使不同Pricesoffishvaryfrom70centsapoundtoonedollarapound.(鱼的价格从七十美分到一美元一磅不等。)Theweatherinthisareavariesfromhourtohour.(这儿的天气时刻有变化。)Ididntvarymyplanatthelastmoment.(我在最后一刻没有改变我的计划。)7.graduatedadj.(税)累进的刻度的graduatev.n.毕业毕业生graduationn.毕业Asthefederalgovernmenthasagraduatedincometax,themoreyouearn,thehighertaxyouhavetopay.因为联邦政府实行累进所得税,所以,你挣的越多,缴的所得税就越高。Agraduatedglasswillenableyoutoknowhowmuchwateryouhaveputintothevessel.(量杯能够使你知道你在容器里放了多少水。)Hegraduatedfromhighschoollastyear.Butitwasdifficultforahighschoolgraduatetofindasatisfactoryjob.(他去年高中毕业,但是高中毕业生要找一份称心如意的工作是很困难的。)Aftergraduationshewenttoworkinahospitalasanurse.(毕业后,她去医院做了一名护士。)8.salen.出售,卖廉价出售sellv.卖Mr.SmithisnowinterestedinmycarandIhopeIcanmakethesaletoday.(史密斯先生现在对我的汽车感兴趣,我希望今天就能卖成。)HesoldhisbiketoTom.(他把自行车卖给了汤姆。)forsale(待售)onsale(上市的)aclearancesale(清仓拍卖)salesdepartment(营业部)salespromotion(促销活动)salesmanager(销售经理)salesperson/salesclerk(营业员)9.chargev.索价指控使充满n.价钱指控负责Hechargedme10yuanforabowlofplainrice.(一碗白米饭,他要了我十块钱。)Theyoungmanwaschargedwithstealing.(那个年轻人被指控犯了盗窃罪。)Chargeyourglassesanddrinktoourfriendship.(斟满杯,为我们的友谊干杯。)Thechargeforafrontrowseatis250yuan.(前排座位票价250元。)Thepolicearrestedhimonachargeofmurder.(警察以谋杀罪拘捕了他。)Whowillbeinchargeofourclasswhentheteacherisaway(老师不在的时候,谁管我们班)10.figuren.数字人物外形v.想出算出估计Hehasagoodheadforfigures.(他的数字概念很强。)Noonehadexpectedthathissavingscouldreach5figuresinsuchashorttime.(谁也没料到在这么短的时间里,他的存款能达到五位数。)HewasanimportantfigureinAmericanhistory.(他是美国历史上的重要人物。)Shewasalwaysworryingaboutherfigureasshecouldntresistthetemptationofchocolates.(她抵御不了巧克力的诱惑,所以总是担心自己的体形。)Wearetryingtofigureoutawaytohelpthem.(我们正在想办法帮助他们。)Figureouttheexpensesandseeifwehaveenoughmoney.(算一算费用,看看我们的钱是否够。)Shebroughtanumbrellaasshefiguredtheymightneedit.(她带了一把伞,因为她估计他们会需要。)11.addv.增加,增添additionn.加(inadditionto除之外)additionaladj.附加的,另外的Thefireisgoingout,addmorewoodtoit.(火要灭了,再加些木柴。)Hisexplanationaddstomyconfusion.(他的解释使我更加糊涂。)Inadditiontoleaves,theseanimalseatagreatdealoffruit.(除了树叶之外,这些动物还吃大量的水果。)Itwilltakeanadditionaltwodaystofinishthework.(还要再花两天时间才能完成这项工作。)12.revenuen.收入,收益税收Themanagerisworryingaboutthedropinadvertisingrevenue.(经理正为广告收入的下降着急。)Thelossoftaxrevenueinmanyareasisgettinghigher.(许多地区的税收流失越来越严重。)thePublicRevenue(财政收入,国库收入)InlandRevenue(国内税收)revenuedepartment(税务部门)13.diverseadj.不同的多种多样的diversityn.多样性差异Heisamanofdiversetalent.(他是一个有多种才能的人。)Theyofferedusdiversesuggestionsatthemeeting.(他们在会上给我们提出了各种各样的建议。)Hiswritingdisplaysthediversitiesofhumanbehavior.(他的作品展示了人类行为的多样性。)Agreatdiversityofmethodshasbeentriedindoingthisexperiment.(实验中尝试过各种各样的方法。)14.confusev.使混乱,混淆confusionn.混乱,慌乱Whathesaidjustnowconfusesallofus.(他刚才说的话把我们都弄糊涂了。)Heranswershaveonlyaddedtohisconfusion.(她的回答只使他更加糊涂。)15.propertyn.财产,资产(房)地产特性,性质Thatcarismyproperty,youcannotuseitwithoutmypermission.(那辆车是我的财产,没我的允许,你不能动用。)Thecityisgrowingandpropertyinthecenterisbecomingmorevaluable.(城市在发展,市中心的房地产越来越有价值了。)Manyplantshavemedicinalproperties.(许多植物有药用特性。)stateproperty(国家财产)personalproperty(动产)realproperty/estate(不动产)intellectualproperty(知识产权)16.excisen.国产税,本国消费税exercisen.v.行使,运用锻炼练习customsn.关税(Customs海关)17.fundn.基金,专款储备,贮存v.提供资金,供以款项Wewouldsetupafundtohelpthosechildrenwhoseparentscouldntaffordtosendthemtoschool.(我们将设立一项基金,帮助那些父母供不起他们读书的孩子。)Theyhaveafundofknowledgeandexperiencetodrawon.(他们有丰富的知识和经验可利用。)Thisresearchisfundedbythegovernment.(这项研究由政府提供资金。)18.departmentn.部,部门系科theStateDepartment(美国)国务院theDepartmentofEducation教育部departmentstore百货商店thedepartmentofphysics物理系19.municipaladj.市的,市政的themunicipalgovernment市政府municipaladministration市政管理amunicipaluniversity市立大学20.complainv.抱怨,埋怨,发牢骚,诉苦complaintn.抱怨,诉说Hecomplainedtothemanagerabout/ofthepoorafterservice.(他对经理抱怨说售后服务太差。)Shecomplainedabout/ofherhusbandscarelessness.(她抱怨说她丈夫太粗心。)Theteachercomplainedthatthestudentsdidntworkhardenough.(老师抱怨学生学习不够努力。)Itisacommoncomplaintthattodayschildrenlackthesenseofcooperation.(人们常常抱怨今天的孩子缺少合作意识。)21.impracticaladj.不切实际的,不能实行的practicaladj.实际的,可行的Hissuggestionsoundsgood,butitisreallyimpractical.(他的建议听起来不错,但是的确不切实际。)Howlongwillitbebeforethistheorycanbeputintopracticaluse(这一理论还要多久才能被实际运用)22.programn.计划(电视)节目程序v.使按预定步骤工作编程Theyaredrawingupaprogramofwaterpurification.(他们正在制定一个净水计划。)TonightsTVprogramswillbeveryinteresting.(今晚的电视节目会非常有趣。)Iknownothingaboutcomputerprograms.(我对电脑编程一窍不通。)Youcanprogramittododifferenttasksatspecifictimes.(你可以使它在特定的时间按计划完成各项不同的任务。)23.viewn.看法,观点视野,眼界景色,风景

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