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自考英语重点.doc.doc

1I.重点单词1.successful2.adult3.disagree4.guarantee5.intelligent6.similar7.independent8.conclusion9.communicate10.purpose11.technique12.outlineII.重点词组1.disagreewith2.bedifferentfrom3.besimilarto4.succeedindoingsth.5.firstofall6.dependon7.bewillingtodosth.8.beinterestedinsth./doingsth.9.ontheotherhand10.dowelltodosth.III.重点句型及常考句子1.主语findit形容词todosth.Somepeoplewhoareveryintelligentandsuccessfulintheirfieldsfinditdifficulttosucceedinlanguagelearning.line2Theyfinditeasytopracticeusingthelanguageregularlybecausetheywanttolearnwithit.line38操练他们发现要掌握一门外语是困难的。Theyfindithardtomasteraforeignlanguage.专家们发现对付病毒不容易。Theexpertsfinditdifficulttodealwithvirus.2.Itis形容词forsb.todosth.Itis形容词比较级todosth.thantodosth.Itisnecessaryforthemtolearnthelanguageinordertocommunicatewiththesepeopleandtolearnfromthem.Line36Itismoreimportantforthemtolearntothinkinthelanguagethantoknowthemeaningofeveryword.Line32操练对初学者来说,学习用英语思维很难。ItisdifficultforbeginnerstolearntothinkinEnglish.对初学者来说,学习用英语思维比说英语难。ItismoredifficultforbeginnerstolearntothinkinEnglishthantospeakit.3.shows/showedthat从句Languagelearningresearchshowsthatsuccessfullanguagelearnersaresimilarinmanyways.Line14操练研究表明SARS是由冠状病毒coronavirus引起的。TheresearchshowsthatSARSiscausedbythecoronavirus.4.Languagelearningisdifferentfromotherkindsoflearning.Line65.Insteadofwaitingfortheteachertoexplain,theytrytofindthepatternsandrulesforthemselves.Line19206.Ontheotherhand,ifyourlanguagelearninghasbeenlessthansuccessful,youmightdowelltotrysomeofthetechniqueoutlinedabove.I.重点单词1.type2.salary3.earn4.percentage5.vary6.charge7.item8.figure9.addition10.confuse11.property12.fund13.department14.complain15.programII.重点词组1.besureof2.consistof3.varyfromto4.besimilarto5.inadditionto6.tendtoIII.重点句型和常考句子1.spend时间、钱等onsth.在上花费时间、钱等2spend时间、钱等indoingsth.花费时间、钱等做..Theysaythatitspendstoomuchonuselessandimpracticalprograms.L35他们说政府在一些没有用处的、不切实际的项目上花钱太多。操练1妈妈说他每天花太多的时间看电视。MothersaidthathespenttoomuchtimeinwatchingTVeveryday.2昨天我买这些书花了5美元。Ispent5onthesebooksyesterday.2.Taxesconsistofthemoneywhichpeoplepaytosupporttheirgovernment.L53.Thepercentagevariesfrompersontoperson.L114.Withthehighcostoftaxes,peoplearenotveryhappyonApril15,whenthefederaltaxesaredue.L145.Otherstateshaveasalestax,whichisapercentagechargedtoanyitemwhichyoubuyinthatstate.L206.AlthoughAmericanshavedifferentviewsonmanyissues,theytendtoagreeononesubjecttaxesaretoohigh.1.intheway挡路,阻碍,妨碍2.tomakeaguessat对...进行猜测3.toblindsb.tosth.使某人看不到某物,使某人对某物丧失判断力4.tocontributetosth.1促成,导致2有助于,增添3捐助,贡献4撰稿,投稿5.toseektodosth.设法做某事6.inpart部分地在某种程度上7.varyfrom...to...从...变为...在...与...之间变化8.andthelike等等,诸如此类9.pointofview观点,看法10.toapplyfor申请,请求11.daytoday1日常的,每日常规工作的2逐日的12.tohavenoidea不知道无能力13.totakethetroubletodosth.费力做某事,不辞劳苦做某事14.toputoneselfinsbsplace设身处地替某人着想15.toonesadvantage处于不利地位16.toaskfor要求,请求,要价,讨价17.inhand1在手中持有在手头随时可用2在控制下3正在办理、处理之中18.tomakesureof/that1弄清楚,核实查明2设法确保,最好19.toturndown1toturnsb./down顶回,拒不理会,拒绝2toturnsth.down调节炉具、收音机等使热量、音量温度等降低3翻下20.assoonas一...就...,不迟于21.aimtodosth.或aimatdoingsth计划打算以...为目标22.experimentwith进行实验试验23.incase免得,以防万一,说不定24.intheory理论上,理论上讲25.toapplytosth.1把...应用于...2致力于...,集中精力做某事26.researchinto研究、探讨、调查27.toswallowup1吞没,淹没,掩盖2用尽,耗尽28.tomakeuseof利用29.dependon依靠,指望330.togetherwith和,连同31.ineveryrespect在各个方面32.inotherwords换句话说,也就是说33.toconsistof由...组成,由...构成34.agreatmany许多,很多35.toconsistof对...有影响36.aboveall最重要的,尤其,首先37.asarule在多数情况下,通常,一般而言38.tobeaffectedwith感染疾病,患有...病39.tocarryout1实施,执行,完成,贯彻,落实2进行实验等40.inadditionto加之,除...以外41.inthisthatcase这那样的话,既然这那样42.toopenup1畅谈2开业,开张43.tocarefor1照顾,照看2喜欢,喜爱,愿意44.totakeintoaccountconsideration考虑,体谅,包括45.tohave...atheart很关心某事物,极欲支持或维护46.tooptoutof决定不参加,退出47.forshort简称,简写48.toamountto1总计,共达2等于,相当于49.ontheaverage平均来讲,按平均数计算50.tocompetewith与...竞争,对抗51.toblamesb.for为...责备某人,责怪某人52.bynature从天性上讲,本性上53.toberelatedto与...有关54.tobeworthdoingsth.值得55.tobringover把某人带到,改变思想56.toconvictsb.of宣判某人有....罪57.besupposedto认为必须,认为应该58.befeellikedoingsth.想要做某事物59.toprotectformagainst保护,保卫60.toriskdoingsth.冒着.....的危险61.todealwith1与...做生意,与...商业交往2对待,对付,处理,解决62.区别,辨别,是...的特征63.toagreetodosth.同意,愿意,答应64.threatentodosth威胁要做某事,扬言要做某事65.accordingto1根据,据某人所说2按照,依照3依....而定66.todistinguishfrom1根据,据某人所说267.towatchover1看护,照料2看守,看管,守卫68.inunison1齐唱,齐奏2一致地,协调地69.upto1作为最大数量,多达2直到不多于3能胜任的,有某种能力70.callup打电话,使想起,使忆起71.payback偿还,回报,惩罚,报复72.agood/greatdealof很多,大量73.tocleanup1洗干净,打扫干净,清理2清除坏的影响74.toreacttosb.sth对....作出反应,回应75.tomakeoneswayto走,行走,前进,去476.totakeover接管,接任,雇用77.totakeon披上,戴上,呈现,具有78.totakeplace发生,举行79.inotherwords换句话说80.inasense从某种意义说81.toserveas起....的作用,被用作,充当82.tobelongin在....中有适当的地位,处于正确的地位83.inadvance事先,预先,提前84.itgoeswithoutsayingthat...不言而喻....无庸置疑....不用说.....85.forthesakeof1为了....起见,看在....的份上2为了....的好处,为了....目的86.toexposesth.暴露,使面临,遭受.87.plentyof大量的,丰富的88.inthat在于,因为89.inbetween在中间,每间隔,在...期间90.inquestion正被谈论的,正被考虑的91.toworkon从事....致力于.....92.tosetup设立,建立,提出93.tobeonthealertagainst/forsth.警惕94.tobeconcernedwith1关于,涉及2忙于3关心,关切95.toattachimportancetosth.认为..重要96.totaketosth/doingsth1开始从事2养成....习惯3培养对.....的爱好97.toputsth.touse使用,利用98.toberelevanttosth与....有关的99.onthepartofsb就....而言,在....方面100toset.....asobjective把....作为目标101tolookaheadto向前看,展望未来102toallocate...for....to分配....给配合....103tohangup把....挂起来延迟,拖延104tothrowoff扔掉,摆脱105toworkout作出,制定出106uptodate最新的,新式的107tokid...intodoing欺骗....去做108tostickwith坚持,继续109effecton对.....的作用110toblamesth.把......归咎于111nowthat既然,由于112toleave/let...alone/be1不管,不理,不打扰2顺其自然,听任......113outofstep步伐不一致,不协调114intime1及时,不迟2终于,迟早115todate把......归咎116toattendtosth.1专心,注意2照顾,关照117tofallapart破裂,崩溃118tobetrueof符合于.....,对....适用119toapproximateto与.....接近120resistancetosth1对...的抵抗,对抗2照顾,关照121tocopewith对付,处理5122noother...than1除...外没有,只有2正是,就是123totakeadvantageof1利用2占...的便宜124tostandno/littlechanceofdoing没有可能,没有希望125toidentify....as....把....看成证明/确认...为.....126impacton....对......的影响127tobreakup打碎被分解散开,驱散结束期终放假,崩溃128intherunning参赛,参加竞选129inpower掌权的,执政的130outofpower丧失权力的,在野的131infavorof1赞成,支持2支付给3为了对....有利132tocomeintopower上台,开始掌权133tocarryon1经营,进行2继续134tosacrificeto向....献祭为...而牺牲为.....而失去135becentralto对....极为重要的136beirrelevantto与....不相干,不切题137beaimfor瞄准,以....为目标138inbringout1使显现,显示2生产,使产生139toattachto使....与....相关,把....附加到140totakeforgranted认为真实,视为当然141atease自在的,舒适的142pleafor恳求,请求143notthat.....并不是,不是因为144notneverforamoment决不,从来没有145tobreakinonupon打扰,打断,闯进146toseize/catchholdof抓住,占有147toexcess过分,过度,过量148tosubstitute.....for用.....代替149becontraryto与.....相反150inreality实际上,事实上151toputoff延期,消除152beconfrontedwith面临,面对153todrawon1用.....做来源,依靠2临近154togazeat凝视,注视155beunawareof不知道.....没觉察到....156todreamof梦见,梦想157inonesmindseye在脑海里158togoover1越过,渡过2仔细检查159toimpress.....on使......铭记,牢记160befreefrom没有......的,不受.....的161togoover1越过,渡过2仔细检查162toimpress....on使......铭记,牢记163toputaside1放在一边,撇开2储存164bebeneficialto对......有利165toaddupto1总计是2总起来意味着166influenceon对......的影响167tobreakinto分成部分6168sofarassb.knows就某人所知169of....value有......价值170of....importance重要,有意义171of....interest有趣,有意思172tocoincidewith相符,一致173togoinfor1参加,从事2以.....为兴趣,爱好174yearinandyearout一年一年地,年复一年175totake.....easy轻松一点勿太紧张176toputanendto结束或废除某事务177todoonesbest尽全力尽量178todowithsth.处理忍受179inreturn作为回报180todowithout没有....也行将就,设法应付过去Unit1objectiveaccomplishpredictaccompanyattainschemeskilledarguedefineinterviewprospectcourseofactioninthewaybytheway,innoway,inawaymakeaguessatcontributetoandthelikeandsoonseektodosth.inpartpointofviewvaryfromtoapplyfortohavenoideabringabouttakethetroubletodoputoneselfinonesplacetoonesadvantageatadisadvantageaskforinhandturndownup,on,off,out,over,backUnit2exertcollapseshrinkbasislaunchconvinceoperaterevolveglitterunlikelybelikelytowhereasconcernedbeconcernedaboutplateauintheoryapplytodependonresearchintoswallowupmakeuseoftogetherwithineveryrespectinotherwordsconsistofagreatmanyunderthecircumstancesmakeadifferenceaboveallasaruleseektodosth.inpartpointofviewvaryfromtoUnit3deterioratedebateon/uponrequestensureopposebeopposedtoburdensensitiveprivilegeappointbiasaccessiblerecruitbeaffectedwithcarryoutinadditiontointhiscaseopenupcarefortakeintoaccounthaveatheartbesensitivetooptoutofforshortamounttoontheaveragecompetewithblamesb.forsth.bynaturewhenitcomestoberelatedtobeworthdoingUnit4domesticexploitcampaignexecuteconvictincidencedeservedespitedeportminimummaintenanceguiltimmigrantweeddenydegradeinhumanecivillibertydisaffectionargumentcircusbringoverwatchoverinunisoncalluppaybackuptoagreatdealofbesupposedtoconvictoffeellikeprotectfromriskdoingsth.dealwithaccordingtobedeservingofthreatentodosth.agreetodosth.distinguishfromreacttocleanup7Unit5folktransformationdistinctsentimentoriginatespontaneoussynthesisreadilyamplifierelectronicsstudiopenetratingtherebyparticipatemultimedialiveinspireinvariablyimproviseconstructivecreativepreliminarypainstakingconceptiontempermolddiversifiedconventionalharmonyevidenttakeovertakeontakeuptakeovertakeplacebuildoutofinexistenceinasenseatastretchserveasinadvanceforthesakeofbeborninfashionbeginwithitgoeswithoutsayingthatUnit6efficiencyappliancespecificshadeprevalentincreasinglyswitchdefectivespraypersonnelcompletionassemblecastreductioncriticalintensifywarningprecedespeculatepartialreliabilityforecastdecaysubsideanalyzeshiftexposesth./sb.totoadegreeconvertto/intopreventfrominbetweenberesponsibleforinquestiondifferfromworkoninthatplentyofbecapableoftootobeonthealertsetupassociatewithbeinvolvedinUnit7possessionrelaxationdesirableportrayunderlieacquiremotivateurbanparticipationattainmentsatisfactionpositivetrickyflexibleprojectrealisticemergencycrashdeemassignmenttemptationattachimportancetointermsofimparttoputtouseberelevanttoonthepartofbeconcernedwithsetasobjectivecontributetolookaheadfallbythewaysidehangupthrowoffworkoutkidintodoingsth.stickwith/indevotetothemorethemoreUnit8internalexternalovercomedestinationresetneutralfeasibleproceedingalarmpromoteinteractfadedurationmoderatedistractionexceptionalremedyproductivityappreciatemisleadtypicaleffectonblamesth.onsb.blamesb.forsth.asfreshaspaintnowthatleavealoneoutofstepintimeashortcutcomeacrossduetoattendtofallapartbetrueoflackofathandatonceplayaroleinbefacedwithaccountfortodatesofaruptonowUnit9dependencyupwardsliabilityrevisionlengthenalterproportionappreciationacknowledgeneglectesteemhandleappropriatewithdrawworthlessapproximatetobeclassifiedasratherthaninonesthirtiesintermsoftakeadvantageofcopewithnootherthanlookdownonviewasexchangeforUnit10strategyrepresentativedemocraticnomineecertaintydeclinecongressloyaltyprovisionelectionstirpursuedominatecompetitoroppositionnominatecollectivelyautomaticallycontestassaultstandnochanceofidentifyasimpactoneitherordrawawayfromfocusonlosesth.tosb.innumberbreakupintherunningin/outofpowerinfavorofcomeintopowercarryonanumberofasaconsequenceof8asaresultofbreakdownUnit11disorderirrelevantmisleadingsimulatereplaceundergonegativeremarkreliefdepriveprevaildelightfulliteralneverthelesstouchingcontentedimperativedevotionrefinedoresearchintoaimfortakeforgrantedfeelbitteratsacrificetobecentraltodoexperimentonbeirrelevanttobringoutgoingsandcomingsateasepleafornotneverforamomentcatch/seizeholdofUnit12symptomintellectualdetailenhanceinitialconfrontsensitivitysurroundingcharactermodestmiserableadministrationrespectivelyvolunteeridentityprimarilypsychologyundertakegamblebecontrarytoputoffbeconfrontedwithdrawondreamofatseaimpressoninrealityletgoofgazeonbeawareofinonesmindseyegooverfreefromputasidesetasidebebeneficialtoadduptoatonesbestinfluenceoninturningeneralmakeadifferenceUnit13compelvoluntarycoincidewitheliminatesubtleoutragetightenexcessivecompetitionencounterseriesassemblydisapprovalresponseataguessgoinforexpecttodosofarassb.knowsattitudetowardstakeiteasyonandoffputanendtoexpectsth.ofsb.inreturnhaveanedgeon/oversolongasapplyoneselftoatpresentonoccasionsitdownoninvainwithaviewtoUnit14devicecapturebelongingconvincesuspectprofoundwrathrestrictionillegalbansuicideindicationeruptionextentqueuefleepledgerejectioninflicttonoavailcommentonconvincesb.todosth.denysth.tosb.commitsuicidecutoffUnit15sensiblepersistprofusionlogicevaluateultimateobscureconcreteconquerprolongproofpossessexpansionsecondarypromotiondiplomaawardsociologyestablishmentjournalismdiversityeconomicspulldownmistakeforcometotermswithendinreflectoncomeaboutenabletodorespectformakeoverspeculateononthecontraryasfor/todemandforgotolawagainstgoalongwith

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