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(高考类)历年2010届高考英语阅读理解类题库(上)

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(高考类)历年2010届高考英语阅读理解类题库(上)

su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh152010届高考英语(阅读理解)题库1阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C、D中,选出最佳选项。ATheBritishNationalHealthServiceNHSwassetupin1948andwasdesignedtoprovideequalbasichealthcare,freeofcharge,foreverybodyinthecountry.Beforethistimehealthcarehadtobepaidforbyindividuals.su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15NowadayscentralgovernmentisdirectlyresponsiblefortheNHSalthoughitisadministeredbylocalhealthauthorities.About83percentofthecostofthehealthserviceispaidforbygeneraltaxationandtherestismetfromtheNationalInsurancecontributionspaidbythoseinwork.Therearechargesforprescriptionanddentalcarebutmanypeople,suchaschildren,pregnantwomen,pensioners,andthoseonIncomeSupport,areexemptfrompayment.MostpeopleareregisteredwithalocaldoctoraGP,orGeneralPractitionerwhoisincreasinglylikelytobepartofahealthcentrewhichservesthecommunity.AsthepopulationofBritaingetsolder,thehospitalservicenowtreatsmorepatientsthanbefore,althoughpatientsspendlesstimeinhospital.NHShospitalsmanyofwhichwerebuiltinthenineteenthcenturyprovidenearlyhalfamillionbedsandhaveover480,000medicalstaff.TheNHSisthebiggestemployerinEuropealthoughBritainactuallyspendslessperpersononhealthcarethanmostofherEuropeanneighbours.Duringthe1980stherewasconsiderablerestructuringoftheHealthServicewithanincreasedemphasisonmanagerialefficiencyandtheprivatizationofsomeservicesforexample,cleaning.Attheendofthe1980sthegovernmentintroducedproposalsforfurtherreformoftheNHS,includingallowingsomehospitalstobeselfgoverning,andencouragingGPstocompeteforpatients.PatientswouldbeabletochooseandchangetheirfamilydoctormoreeasilyandGPswouldhavemorefinancialresponsibility.ThepoliticalquestionscontinueofhowmuchmoneyshouldbeprovidedtosupporttheNHSandwhereitshouldcomefrom.56.Wecanknowfromthefirstparagraphthat______.A.theoriginalaimoftheNHSwastoprovideequalbasichealthcareforeverybodyB.peopledidnthavetopayforhealthcaresincetheNHSwassetupC.patientswerechargedforreceivinghealthcarebefore1948D.theNHSwasanorganizationwhichgavefreeadvicetovillagers57.WhatdoweknowabouttheNHSA.Itsmanagedbythecentralgovernment.B.ItscostismainlypaidforbytheNationalInsurancecontributions.C.IthiresmorepeoplethananyotherunitinEurope.D.Fewerpatientsgotoitshospitalsthanbeforebecausetheyspendlessonhealthcare.su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh1558.AllthefollowingstatementsaboutGPsaretrueexceptthatthey______.A.takecareofthelocalpeopleshealthB.oftentakepartincompetitionstoseewhoisthebestC.workunderhighpressurenowadaysD.havemoreresponsibilitiesthanbefore59.WhatdoestheunderlinedwordexemptprobablymeanA.sufferingB.differentC.preventedD.free60.ThebiggestproblemfortheNHSis______.A.manyhospitalsaretoooldtobeusedB.someservicesareinthechargeofindividualsC.moreandmorepatientsgotoGPsfortreatmentD.thereisnotenoughmoneyforfurtherreformsu.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15BPRINTPRODUCTIONMANAGERWANTEDAwellknownprintingcompany,nowwellestablishedintheUKandintheFarEast,wishestosetupamanufacturingbaseinEurope.Anexperiencedmanager,responsibletotheProductionDirector,isrequiredtoassistinsettingupthedepartmentandwillthentakechargeofthedaytodaywork.Thesuccessfulapplicantwillhavehadexperienceofmodernmethodsandmachinesespeciallyintheprinting,multicolourworkandfinishingprocesses,he/shewillhavehadatleastthreeyearsexperienceincosteffectivemanagement.AgoodworkingknowledgeofEnglishisessential.Weofferexcellentpayandprospects,with4weeksholidayayearpluspublicholidays,acompanycar,andacompanypensionscheme养老金制度.Interviewswillbearrangedinthenearestcitytoapplicantshome.Write,withCV,tothePersonnelManager,Box32507,DailyNews,KemsworthStreet,Comston.UnitedKingdomSG18637AH.ASSISTANTPRINTPRODUCTIONMANAGERAninternationallyrecognizedprintingcompanyisseekingtosetupamanufacturingplantinEurope.WeareappointinganassistantmaleorfemaletoourPrintProductionManager.Thejobholderwillcarryoutdutiesinvolvingthebuyingofpaperandoffinishingequipment,willliaise联络withthesupervisorsofthevariousproductionlines,andwillassisttheProductionManager.Atleastthreeyearsexperienceononeormorelinesaswellassupervisoryexperienceisneeded.AworkingknowledgeofEnglishisrequiredtocommunicatewithcolleaguesintheUK.Weofferexcellentpay,prospects,holidays,pensionscheme,sickpay,etc.WritetotheManager,Box3526.su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15BroadStreet,Northby,MillshireBK57PX.61.Boththeprintingcompanies______.A.arewellknownallovertheworldB.requireatleastthreeyearsexperienceC.offerexcellentpayandsickpayD.prefertohireamanmanager62.Accordingtothefirstadvertisement,theapplicantlivinginasmallvillagewill______.A.getintouchwiththePersonalManagerbytelephoneB.gettheresultonTVC.beinterviewedinacityD.writetoBox3526togetmoreinformation63.Wecaninferfromthetwoadvertisementsthat______.A.thecompanieswanttodobusinessinEuropeandFarEast.B.carsarenecessaryforthesuccessfulapplicants.C.thecompanieshaventgottelephonestosavemoney.D.applicantsshouldwritetothecompanyfirst.CBEIJING,Nov.26U.S.dollarhitanotherrecordlowagainsttheeuroonFriday,withtheEuropeancurrencyclimbingabove1.32forthefirsttime.Thegreenbackfelltoitslowestinnearlyfiveyearsagainsttheyenthesameday.By1943EST,thedollarwastradingatUS1.3265pereuro,comparedwithUS1.3270inthinlateNewYorktrade.Itwasat102.55yen,littlechangedfromNewYorkaftertouching102.37,alevelnotseensinceMarch2000,inLondon.JapaneseFinanceMinisterSadakazuTanigakirepeatedhiswarningagainstdollarweakness,threateningtotakeactionagainstsuddenmoves,butmarketparticipantssaidsuchverbalintervention口头干涉hadlonglostitsclout.TraderswereexpectingmarketliquiditytoremainthinonFridaybecauseoftheextendedU.S.holiday.Insuchthintrading,manysaidafallinthedollarpast102yenandUS1.33pereurowasarealpossibility.Referringtorecentcurrencymovementsasbrutal,EuropeanCentralBankchiefJeanClaudeTrichet,whoisthemostvocalEuropeanpolicymakersu.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15ondollarweakness,isduetomakecommentsinRiodeJaneiro,alongwithECBcouncilmemberandSpanishcentralbankgovernorJaimeCaruana.Introducedin1999asthecommoncurrencyfor12Europeancountries,theeuroinitially最初droppedagainstthedollarbuthasrisensome60percentsincehittinganalltimelowof82U.S.centsinOctober2000.64.WhatdoesthegreenbackrefertointhefirstparagraphA.U.S.dollarB.AnotherrecordC.TheeuroD.Europeancurrency65.HowdidSadakazuTanigakifeelaboutdollarweaknessA.ExcitedB.PuzzledC.worriedD.Disappointed66.Theunderlinedwordbrutalprobablymeans______.A.crueltyB.helpC.criticismD.apology67.Accordingtosomepeople,itwaspossibleforthedollartotrade______.A.at1.3265pereuroB.at1.32pereuroC.at1.3270pereuroD.at1.331pereuroDAblackholeiscreatedwhenalargestarburnsout.Likeoursun,starsareunbelievablyhotfurnaces熔炉thatburntheirownmatterasfuel.Whenmostofthefuelisusedup,thestarbeginstodie.Thedeathofastarisnotaquietevent.Firstthereisahugeexplosion.Asitsouterlayerisblastedoffintospace,thedyingstarshinesasbrightlyasabillionsuns.Aftertheexplosiongravitypullsinwhatsleftofthestar.Astheoutsideofthestarsinkstowardthecenter,thestargetssmallerandsmaller.Thematerialthestarismadeofbecomestightlypackedtogether.Astarissodensethatateaspoonofmatterfromitweighsbillionofpounds.Themorethestarshrinks,thestrongerthegravityinsideitbecomes.Soonthestarisverytiny,andthegravitypullingitinisunbelievablystrong.Infact,thegravityissostrongthatitevenpullslightintothestarSinceallthelightispulledin,nonecangoout.Thestarbecomesblackwhenthereisnolight.ThenablackholeisbornThatswhatweknowaboutblackholes.WhatwedontknowisthisWhathappensinsideablackholeafterthestarhasbeensqueezedintoatinysu.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15ballDoesitkeepgettingsmallerandsmallerforeverSuchapossibilityishardtoimagine.Butiftheblackholedoesntkeepshrinking,whathappenstoitSomescientiststhinkblackholesarelikedoorwaystoanotherworld.Theysaythatasthestardisappearsfromouruniverse,itgoesintoanotheruniverse.Inotherwordsablackholeinouruniversecouldturnintoawhiteholeinadifferentuniverse.Astheblackholeswallowslight,thewhiteholeshinesbrightlysomewhereelse.ButwhereAdifferentplace,perhaps,oradifferenttimemanyyearsinthepastorfuture.CouldyoutravelthroughablackholeRightnow,no.Nothingweknowofcouldgointoablackholewithoutbeingcrushed.Sofarthetimebeing,blackholemustremainamystery.Blackholesareamysterybutthathasntstoppedscientistsfromdreamingaboutthem.Onescientistsuggestedthatinthefuturewemightmakeuseofthepowerofblackholes.TheywouldsupplyallofEarthsenergyneeds,withplentytospare.Anotherscientistwonderedifablackholecouldsomedaybeusedtoswallowearthlywasteasortofhugewastedisposal处理inthesky68.Whenthestarbeginstodie______.A.thereisnofuelleftinitB.itsouterlayergoesintospacefirstC.ahugeexplosionwillhappenD.itdoesntgiveofflightanylonger69.WhichofthefollowingdoesnthelpproduceablackholeA.Thegravityinsidethestarisverystrong.B.Thelightcantgooutofthestar.C.ThestarbecomessmallerandsmallerD.Thedyingstarshinesverybrightly.70.Theblackhole______.A.continuesbecomingsmallerandsmallerallthetimeB.goesintoanotheruniverseandbecomesawhiteholeC.canpullineverythingweknowofintheworldD.willappearatanotherplaceatadifferenttime71.WhatsthebesttitleforthispassageA.ANewScientificDiscoveryBlackHolesB.HowDoBlackHolesComeIntoBeingC.WhatAreBlackHolessu.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15D.TravelThroughABlackHoleEAntibirdflucontingency意外事故measures,includingaproposaltoseparatepoultryfromhumansandaseriesoftrafficandlogistics后勤measureswillbediscussedattheLegislativeCouncilsFoodSafetyandEnvironmentalHygienePanelmeetingnextmonth.SecretaryforHealth,WelfareandFoodDrYorkChowsaysthecontingencyplanwouldcomeintoforceifanoutbreakoccurrednearHongKong.Speakingonaradiotalkshowthismorning,DrChowsaidtheseparationofpoultryfromhumanspolicy,whichwillbedeterminedafteradecisionwhethertosetupacentralslaughtering屠宰houseorseveralregionalones,wouldbebasedonthedemandforlivechickens.Hepointedoutthatatpresenttherewere30,000livechickensimportedfromtheMainlandand30,000suppliedlocally.Ifthisdemandpersisted,therewouldbenocentralslaughteringhouseorwholesalepointthatcouldhandlesuchanamountandregionalslaughteringhousescouldbethechoice.Headdedthatbuildingofregionalslaughteringhousestooktime,butstressedtheneedtostudytheviewsofthepublicandthesectorbeforeafinaldecisionwasmade.Regardingavianfluvaccination种痘forhumans,DrChowsaiditwasstillbeingdeveloped.Headdedthatitmaynotbereliableinthecaseofanoutbreakasrecordsshowvaccinationcanonlyoffer5protectionagainstavirus.HesaidHongKonghadmoreexperienceandexpertisethanneighbouringterritoriesinthefightagainstviraloutbreaks,andwaswillingtoofferthemhelp.Headdedtherewasnoboundaryforinfectiousdiseasesandclosecooperationamongdifferentcountrieshadtobemaintainedtofightagainstapossibleoutbreak.72.Itcanbeinferredfromthefirstparagraphthat______.A.thegovernmentisplanningtotakestrongactiontofightagainstbirdfluB.anoutbreakwhichhappenednearHongKongmadepeopleveryfrightenedC.antibirdflucontingencymeasureswillcomeintousenextmonthD.DrYorkChowwillorganizeameetingtodiscussthecontingencyplan73.Accordingtothepassage,thebestwaytofightagainstbirdfluisto______.su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15su.15更多内容尽在http//www.docin.com/susuh15A.separatepoultryfromhumansB.setupacentralslaughteringhouseC.setupseveralregionalslaughteringhousesD.getavianfluvaccination74.Whenthefinaldecisionwillbemademainlydependson______.A.thedemandforlivechickensB.theviewsofthepublicC.theadvicefromexpertsD.thetimewhenregionalslaughteringhouseswillbefinished75.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisntDrYorkChowsopinionA.HongKongisbetteratdealingwithviraloutbreaksthanitsneighbours.B.Infectiousdiseasescouldhappeninanycountry.C.OtherterritoriesshouldaskHongKongforhelpbecauseithasmoreexperience.D.Cooperationisquitenecessarywhendangeriscoming.参考答案5660CCBDD6165BCDAC6670ADCDC7175CAABC56.C细节理解题。根据最后一句可知。建立国家保健中心的最初目的是为农村居民提供免费的基本健康护理,而不是针对所有的人,所以前两项错误。57.C细节理解题。根据第4段TheNHSisthebiggestemployerinEurope可知。从第二段第一句可以看出国家保健中心由中央政府直接负责,但由地方当局管理,所以A项错误。58.B细节理解题。根据最后一段话andencouragingGPstocompeteforpatients可知政府鼓励全科医生之间相互竞争,而不是让他们进行竞赛,看谁的医术高明。59.D猜测词义题。前面提到医生开药方及给病人治疗牙病需要收费,再结合but一词可推断儿童、孕妇等可享受免费治疗。60.D细节理解题。根据最后一段最后一句可知。61.B细节理解题。结合第一则广告he/shewillhavehadatleastthreeyearsexperience和第二则广告Atleastthreeyearsexperienceon可知。62.C细节理解题。根据Interviewswillbearrangedinthenearestcitytoapplicantshome.可知。63.D推理判断题。根据两则广告的联系方式可知。

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