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新型玉米秸秆切碎机设计及动刀片磨损试验研究

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新型玉米秸秆切碎机设计及动刀片磨损试验研究

˜M9—K杨亚洲1,徐杰2,王景立1,张启勃1,刘庆福11吉林农业大学工程技术学院,长春130118;2装甲兵技术学院基础部,长春130117K1为减少玉米秸秆加工过程中水分流失,以及满足鹅类等畜禽所需饲料粒度小的要求,设计了一种采用三维切割方式的玉米秸秆切碎机B介绍了切碎机主要结构和设计参数,对切割前A后的青玉米秸秆进行了水分测试A饲料粒度分析,并对动刀片进行了磨损性能测试B结果表明切割后秸秆水分损失率约为3119,饲料颗粒的三维尺寸为810MM的颗粒约占78,切碎机的实际生产率与理论生产率基本接近;动刀片磨损过程大致分为线磨损率分别呈高速磨损A减速磨损和稳定磨损3个阶段B在每一磨损阶段,第一组A第二组A第三组刀片的线磨损量和线磨损率均呈递减趋势B1OM玉米秸秆;切碎机;三维切割;动刀片;磨损MS|S8171121DSM’ACI|10005684201004046805DESIGNOFANEWCHOPPERFORCORNSTALKANDWEARTESTOFITSMOVINGKNIVESYANGYAZHOU1,XUJIE2,WANGJINGLI1,ZHANGQIBO1,LIUQINGFU11COLLEGEOFENGINEERINGANDTECHNOLOGY,JILINAGRICULTURALUNIVERSITY,CHANGCHUN130118,CHINA;2DEPARTMENTOFBASICSCIENCES,ARMORTECHNOLOGYINSTITUTE,CHANGCHUN130117,CHINAABSTRACTMUCHOFMOISTUREANDNUTRIENTINGREDIENTSWERELOSTWHENCORNSTALKWASCHOPPED,ANDFORAGEGRANULARITYWASRELATIVELYSMALLFORLIVESTOCKANDPOULTRYSUCHASGOOSEONTHISBASIS,ANEWCHOPPERFORCORNSTALKWASDESIGNED,INWHICHTHREEDIMENSIONCUTTINGWASUSEDINTHISPAPER,STRUCTUREANDPARAMETERSOFTHECHOPPERWEREPRESENTEDWATERCONTENTOFGREENCORNSTALKWASMEASURED,FORAGEGRANULARITYWASANALYZEDANDWEARTESTOFMOVINGKNIVESOFTHECHOPPERWASCARRIEDOUTTHERESULTSSHOWEDTHATWATERLOSSRATIOOFTHEGREENCORNSTALKWASABOUT3119,THREEDIMENSIONALGRANULARITYOFABOUT78FORAGEGRAINSWASBETWEEN8MMAND10MM,ANDFACTUALPRODUCTIVITYOFTHECHOPPERWASCLOSETOITSTHEORETICALONETHEWEARINGPROCESSOFTHEMOVINGKNIVESOFTHECHOPPERINCLUDEDACCELERATEDWEAR,DECELERATEDWEARANDSTABILIZEDWEARSTAGESTHELINEARWEARRATIOOFTHEMOVINGKNIVESINCREASEDSUBSTANTIALLY,DECREASEDANDKEPTSTEADYWITHTHETIMEINTHETHREESTAGES,RESPECTIVELYINEVERYSTAGE,THELINEARWEARLOSSANDLINEARWEARRATIOOFTHEFIRSTGROUPKNIVESWEREGREATERTHANTHOSEOFTHESECONDGROUP,ANDTHOSEOFTHESECONDGROUPWEREGREATERTHANTHOSEOFTHETHIRDGROUPKEYWORDSCORNSTALK;CHOPPER;THREEDIMENSIONCUTTING;MOVINGKNIFE;WEAR3B13,CV„€S,BTZK6Ÿ„8B›†8,SCYT€8OS†32008308|T€E,O,PV,ƒ,Z_J€Ÿ9K/ŒBL2009070320100224吉林农业大学学报2010,324468472HTTP//XUEBAOJLAUEDUCNJOURNALOFJILINAGRICULTURALUNIVERSITYEMAILJLNDXBVIPSINACOM6878,S,OSC,DAAZXŸ14BV,SM600MT,Z31,Œ€F155BFAGŸ„HQ4,9FZJBYN,€F4QAQLCY31MBSWPTBA;TXM6BTBYV—†—|TIMBƒE†A{,ŒBM28CMA,OB;TX;;TI,PSžBX,|›žXI†„B„XBƒH{V,SVBM;‚_,HM„—,|„_,›Mˆ„X,MBZLP,X›DF\SŸZI‚,K9MF\M,YV;VžARJR,YYM7DMXFZTVBRHLSSBMTH,T1O†Q—A8CW—F‡M,I‹,V7—MAMT/†,H—Sž’AT67BYN,M—‹AŸ“,‹0Ÿ89B3€Lƒ/9M—›K„‚S,C|T/B1M91111TM1{ANAM1“NT—A}——A†GFM1BMTH,N5PYVBF—,XOY›†ƒ8NT—227MM,6MM,XOYZ_žRM;–|YVF—,YZ_†ƒ8NT—,V7YZ_žM;|YVF—XZ_ƒJ}—›M,KPZ_žRMB9,FRJ10MM10MM10MMBK—MHV1YG1ƒ10,MY,VRHS,9BFAFM——B11MOTOR;21{CONVEYINGDEVICE;31NINLETROLLERTOP;41/NINLETROLLERBOTTOM;51—XOY›†ƒRATCHETKNIFEPARALLELTOXOYPLANE;61—YZ_†ƒRATCHETKNIFEVERTICALTOYAXIS;71—STATICKNIFE;81}——FLYWHEELKNIFE;91†GDISCHARGEOPENING;101MOTORM1MEMFIG1STRUCTUREOFTHECHOPPERFORCORNSTALKM1XA†”AŸZ,LDMZT7MZT,;RŸ,VHSBN“,VBSYVœMM1•”—W}——”ŸMRJ,‚Z1B1121/Œ•”911211饲料颗粒尺寸RJLAZDAHM1ŸSBBTH,NMVPDN/60M/S,}—MQ”469杨亚洲等新型玉米秸秆切碎机设计及动刀片磨损试验研究吉林农业大学学报JOURNALOFJILINAGRICULTURALUNIVERSITYKN1/60,‚INUY5‚MRLPDN/KN1PD/KI11B,DNMM,NNR/MIN,N1}—R/MIN,K}——”,I}—N1NN1B9•”/,D125MM,K4,I918BN“,RZ„|BFAF—WB9|Z„10MMB11212切碎机生产率3Q1|GA}——”„AMB‚3Q9TQ60KABLNC11,K}——”,K4;AGZ,A192MM;BG,‹|KV5070,|B80MM;L‚MR,L10MM;NN,N146R/MIN;CN,KF,C250KG/M3B‚M3Q1345KG/HB2MŸK—K211‹ZE21111切碎机性能测试1MASMFƒ,WILE25˜ASNOOMMRS›BSRSƒ,5RJ›BKŸJVKB,/†9580,QK30KG,KN146R/MINA}—1430R/MINA01152M/SHQ/›B21112动刀片磨损性能测试GB/T699199956,M—65MN/,G†F830840E,10MIN„250260E,120MIN,F{Z25MM,G—HRC5560,8—HRC3031BF25TBM,BA„F——LQU†HWLUTS12BBFAF—8—F,K,KF—8—}VŸLW†ƒ4—L›B—M2,LQ9TUTIUTI/TR0IR1I/COSAT,UTITTHWGIL,R0ITGIž—,R1ITTHWGIž—,AR0IGC˜,A23BB}——M3,LQ9TUTIUTI/TL0IL1I/T,L0IGIž—8L,L1ITTHWGIž—8LBI—G9”,I4BM2—LUIMFIG2SCHEMATICDIAGRAMFORLINEARWEARINGLOSSMEASUREMENTOFRATCHETKNIFEM3}——LUIMFIG3SCHEMATICDIAGRAMFORLINEARWEARINGLOSSMEASUREMENTOFFLYWHEELKNIFE212TS21211切碎机性能试验结果与分析KTNV1,SQCQRCQ/CQBV1VN,MM,†S,SQ3119;RJ810MMR78,VBMLM3Q‚M3Q,ƒ1Y›‚9HINUYBN“,RI†SBJ8MMR†S,1—MH—6MMVB470吉林农业大学学报2010年8月JOURNALOFJILINAGRICULTURALUNIVERSITY2010,AUGUSTV1MŸKTTABLE1EXPERIMENTALRESULTSOFTHECHOPPERFORCORNSTALKITEMKTEXPERIMENTALRESULTSBQTHE1STTESTQTHE2NDTESTQTHE3RDTESTQTHE4THTESTQTHE5THTESTAVERAGEVALUESSTANDARDDEVIATION/MMAVERAGEDIAMONDOFGREENCORNSTALK2712261025142617281326171111/MAVERAGELENGTHOFGREENCORNSTALK2175218121782156216821720110CQ/WATERCONTENTOFGREENCORNSTALK6812631665157118681267153111RCQ/WATERCONTENTOFFORAGEGRAIN4615421441174915491845193182SQ/WATERLOSSRATIO3118331336133111261931193142J810MM/8275737684784174RSDISTRIBUTIONOFFORAGEGRANULARITYJ8MM/699857141181BJ8MM/1216181611141621963Q/KGH1PRODUCTIVITY12951302129012871298129461022122动刀片磨损试验结果与分析M4„M5—KTBM43F—LHW1WLFIG4VARIATIONOFLINEARWEARLOSSOFTHREEGROUPSOFKNIVESWITHTIMEVN,M—VS3BTHW060MINBNV—L„Q9V,1Y—7SMH,GO,PGLV,GHSžT,V7F—;HTHW60600MIN,NH—LQ/†T,1YMHW,BM1—GVMAM,GL•MV9V,RžBML,HW9,LQ/†T;THWV600MIN,NH—LQM,011MM/H,LO9“L,VMRTVM,——BM53F—LQHW1WLFIG5VARIATIONOFLINEARWEARRATIOOFTHREEGROUPSOFKNIVESWITHTIME471杨亚洲等新型玉米秸秆切碎机设计及动刀片磨损试验研究吉林农业大学学报JOURNALOFJILINAGRICULTURALUNIVERSITYM4VN,BF—L{F—,O€LAF—BY1,V‚ƒBAF—TM,ŒYBF—M,PTF—€MML,BF—L{F—BN“,MTVBFAF——BMAS€,7MR10MM,F—}——5ALCWUT›M,H,XVBFAF—M,TF—€ML,F—LAHLB3‚1MM,SQ3119,RJ810MMR78BML3Q‚3Q,VM/Œ•”9†B2—KTV,—VSAH„3,LQSY‹9VA/†AMMT,7L5B6TBB,BFAFAF—L„LQHTB•ID1,,F,‚1HQJ,2008,2021761822A,,D,„HJ,2009252563IGATHINATHANEC,WOMACAR,SOKHANSANJS,ETALSIZEREDUCTIONOFHIGHANDLOWMOISTURECORNSTALKSBYLINEARKNIFEGRIDSYSTEMJBIOMASSANDBIOENERGY,2009,335475574FI,,M,8SSJJV,2009,3121951995S,D,FS,J3D8†JJS,2008,33459616ZOMM—0ŸKDSJV,20057B,,G2M—S1SJJ€,2005,36549528JOHNDVERHOEVEN,ALFREDHPENDRAY,HOWARDFCLARKWEARTESTSOFSTEELKNIFEBLADESJWEAR,2008,265109310999CHAOLIEHYANG,SHEYHUEI,SHEU,KUNTZUYUTHERELIABILITYANALYSISOFATHINEDGEBLADEWEARINTHEGLASSFIBERCUTTINGPROCESSJJOURNALOFMATERIALSPROCESSINGTECHNOLOGY,2009,2091789179510ZO,BZD,_,M—JJ€,2003,345616411,9‰,S•JT—M9J„VJ3S,2003,29215716012E0‹0ŸMBV,19932464647•,V,S,2OBT•YJ2V1–S,1997,2591428ISHIMORIY,KARUBEI,AUZUKISULTRASOUNDSENSITIVEENZYMEMEMBRANEJEURJAPPMICROBIOL,1981131979VULFSONEN,SARNEYDB,LAWBAENHANCEMENTOFSUBTILISINCATALYSEDINTERESTERIFICATIONINORGANICSOLVENTSBYULTRASOUNDIRRADIATIONJENZYMEMICROBTECHNOL,19911312310F,†,K,‚4|ZE•04|Q•YJJV,2003,251717311,‹,,AŸ‘‘JJ,20072262712,,S2OO‘‘•YJJ3/Œ,2005,242505413ADLERNISSENJENZYMATICHYDROLYSISOFFOODPROTEINSMLONDONELSEVIERAPPLIEDSCIENCEPUBLISHERSLTD,199814F,,,EV‘VS0TJS,2008,3332325467•ID1†SJJFFAO2003MW3D9JS“S/,2005,326162,–‘TŸJ6/ŒSN,2002,19410143‘TZJJS/,2002466674B,‘TZJ,1999,15427305R_,Ÿ‘TZJJF,200793840,906F–,‘TZLJA,2000,2164667†M,19912172488F,YS,1†/ŒMSY‹,2002208210472吉林农业大学学报2010年8月JOURNALOFJILINAGRICULTURALUNIVERSITY2010,AUGUST

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