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中英文翻译--中国铅酸蓄电池技术发展历程.doc

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中英文翻译--中国铅酸蓄电池技术发展历程.doc

ChinaleadacidbatterytechnologicaldevelopmentcourseOninthecentury50sthelaststagerubberpartitionboardsubstitutionligninpartitionboardcausesleadacidbatterypartitionboardandcathodechemicaladditivereformOnthecentury70sinitialperiodplastictrough,inconnectstheleadacidbatterystructurereformwhichinitiatesOninthecentury80sthelaststagetheprofessionbigintroductioninitiatestheleadacidbatterymanufactureequipment,thetechniqueofmanufacturereformcaststhetriggerautomatically,automaticandpastemachine,theintelligentsolidificationroom,theautomaticassemblylineandexemptsthemaintenancebatterytechnology,takesinanetthetechnologyandsoonOnthecentury90sinitialperiodvalvecontrolstheaccumulatorcellstructurereformwhichthesealedtypeleadacidbatterythebirthinitiatesvalvetocontrolsealedtype,colloidOncentury90swithoutanyreasonZhejianglongispopularthedeepcirculationpowerleadacidbatterytechniqueofmanufactureinnovationwhichthelocalelectricallyoperatedbicycleaccumulatorcellinitiatesandsoonfiveimportanttimedevelopment.Chinasleadacidbatteryindustrythetechnicalintroduction,thedigestion,theabsorptionandEuropeandAmerica,dateHanwhichaswellascontinuesafterthetechnologicaldevelopmentfiveimportantcoursesandsoontheadvancedindustrialnationtheinfluencewhichputsupafactoryinChinasinvestment.AtpresentChinasleadacidbatteryproducttechnicallevelalreadyuniversalcloseinternationaladvancedindustrialnationCountrysandsoonUS,Japan,Germany,Italy,England,AustraliaproductlevelsChineseindependentinnovationproductelectricallyoperatedbicycleaccumulatorcellhadsurmountedEuropeandAmerica,dateHanforrepresentativesdeepcirculationpowerbatterytechniqueofmanufactureincertainaspectsandsoontheadvancedindustrialnationtechnology,isintheinternationalleadinglevel.AtpresentChinahasbecometheworldleadacidbatterytheproductionbaseleadacidbatteryisakindofsecurityishigh,theelectricityperformanceisstable,theproductioncostislow,theapplicationdomainiswidespread,butlowcostregenerationuseresourcescirculationenergyproduct.Itsproductionistheintensiveprocessing,thelaborintensiveformway.Alongwiththehumanitytothesolarenergy,thewindcan,thegeothermalenergy,thetidalenergyandsoonbeablenaturallythedevelopmentuseandtheelectricautomobileindustrydevelopment,theleadacidbatterytookdoesnotconsumetheearthresourcethegreentheindustry,willfaceisdevelopingthespacebroadly.Nowtheworld,thehumanityandtheEarthistogetherharmoniously,theproductandtheresourcesrelyononeanothercoexistingalreadyaremutualrecognitionoftheglobal,pursuethehuman.Alongwiththeworldeconomicsantibiosisandthehumanitytothesolarenergy,thewindcan,thegeothermalenergy,themoisteveningbeableandsoontobeablenaturallythedevelopmentuseandtheelectricautomobileindustrydevelopment,theleadacidbatterytookonekindofsecurityishigh,thevoltagebandwidth,thepriceinexpensiveandthehighresourcesreproducibilitybestenergyproductwillwelcomedevelopsthespacebroadly.Attheappointedtime,allcities,villagesunstreetlightThehighwayusesthelampTheplace,thefamilyuseelectricitythesystemTheelectricautomobileandsoonallisgathersthevoltaicpilebytheplumbersacidbatteryunitortheplumbersacidtoprovidetheenergy.Inthe21stcenturyworldeconomicsandinthesocialdevelopmentadvancement,theleadacidbatterywillbefullmanifeststheformidablevitality.Usesdoesnotchargetheelectricdischargemethodtobepossibleforthefirsttimetoactivatethebatteryearly,enablesitscapacitytodisplayearlyMatchesinfrontofthegroupthebatterychargeapplicationexcessivetobeoppositeinratedcapacitythelawcharge,onlythensuchbatterycapacityonlythenmayobtainthepromotionearly.Becausethatthechargebatterypoleplatethefunctionofcontinuesturnsintoatthatmoment.Moreover,usestheconstantflowminutestagechargethemethodtobealsoreasonable,maysuitableestablishseveralstages,reducesthechargingcurrentenableitgraduallytotendtoreasonably.Eachtimesufficientlyenterstheelectricquantityforratedcapacity1.5timesmoreideal.Ifusesthepulsebatterychargercharge,theeffectismoreideal.Thistimeshouldpayattentioncalculatescorrectlyenterstheelectricquantitysufficiently.Thislawmaysavethedurationofchargingoneabovethehalf,itsavestheelectricityandtime.Discussesaboutthepulsechargeseparatearticle.Theauthorviewpoint,onlysuppliesthereference.Inthesetwokindofsituations,theelectronicsolidconductoronthepositiveelectrodeisthesemiconductorleadperoxideNegativeplateforblueleadandsulfuricacidresponseproductionnotelectricconductionleadsulfatesolidstateproduct.Twoendoelectricalreactionsallarefollowingthesolidphasevolumegain,toPbO2thevolumegainwhichtransformstoPbSO492,butPbtothePbSO4volumegainis164.Maximumlimitenhancesthekeytechnologieschallengewhichthebatteryperformancemeets,includingthepromotionreactantsupplies,meetsthecontinuitywhichknowshowtodealwithandaffectsmutually.Inprinciple,thisrequestprovidestheenoughacid,hasbetweenthehighsurfaceareasolidphasereactant,theactivematerialpelletmaintainsthegoodcontactespeciallyincharginganddischargingperiodfavorsoninflationpositiveplate,andreducesthePbSO4insulationtheinfluence.Aftereachelectricdischarge,theaboveaseriesofoptimizedconditionallmustobtaintherestorationthroughthechargeresponse,thechargeresponseistype11andtype12responsecounterprocess.Underperfectcondition,inbatterycyclicprocessorfloatingperiod,thedischargecapacityisconstant.Howevereventothemostadvancedcommercialbatterydesign,theactualactivematerialusefactor,orislowerthan5hwhendischargeratio5h,usuallyobviouslyislowerthan50.Orlifecarriesonalongwiththecirculation,someprocessescandegeneratedefeatmechanism,thishasfurtherlimitedthebatteryperformance.Thetraditionalbatterylifeusuallyreceivesoneoffollowingreasonsorthemorereasoninfluence.ReasononePositiveplateinflation.ThepositiveelectrodeinflationoneisoccursinthepoleplateplaneifslablatticeisasaresultofcorrosionlevelwhichgrowselongatesAnotherkindisoccursinthepoleplateverticaldirectioninflatesthroughactivematerialowninflation.Therepetitioncharginganddischargingcancausethepositiveelectrodeactivematerialinflation.ThisisbecauseoftheendoelectricalreactionsolidphaseproductPbSO4)。Intheaccumulatorcelloccurstheunitprocessandtheactivematerialchangeandthematerialtransmissionconcerns.Itsresultis,theagingistheaccumulatorcellinherentnature,thisiswiththeelectronicmodulebasicdifference,theelectronicmoduleonlycanreplacetheelectriccharge,butthephysicalstructuremaintenanceisinvariable.Therefore,theaccumulatorcellservicelifeissurelylimited,buttheaccumulatorcelllifeexpectancybecomestheimportantquestion.Notonlybutthelifeexpectancyisdecidedbytheaccumulatorcelldesign,moreovermainlyisdecidedbytheactivematerialdegreeofutilizationOrinotherwords,thelifeexpectancymainlyisdecidedbytheexploitationconditions。Thechartisanexample,explainedtheaccumulatorcellexploitationconditionstotheservicelifehugeinfluence。Thechartisgroupofsmallaccumulatorcellsthedesignhas5yearstimetofloatthechargelife.Thecurvehadindicatedwhentheaccumulatorcellcarriesontheelectricdischarge,whenspeciallycarriesonthedeepelectricdischarge,itsservicelifereducedhowmany。Theaccumulatorcellusescopeisdifferent,itsservicelifejudgmentparameterisalsodifferent。Theaccumulatorcelluseusuallyisthelongtimechargeandthevaryingdegreedeepelectricdischargecombination.Regardingmajoritystationaryandthepowersource,thedefinitionwhichmayacceptisTheservicelifeterminationisdropstaketheaccumulatorcellactualcapacitytoitsratedcapacity80asthesymbol。Thisdefinitionincludedtheaccumulatorcelltohavetohavetheoversizedcapacitynecessity,whenrequestedtheaccumulatorcellintheentireuseperiodmaintaineditsfullcapacity,itsinitialcapacityhadtoarrivetheratedcapacity125。Theleadacidbatteryislowasaresultofitsproductioncostandthecapacityisbig,thepriceinexpensiveobtainedthewidespreadused.Ifusesimproper,itslifegreatlywillreduce.Theinfluenceleadacidbatterylifefactorareverymany,butselectsthecorrectchargemethod,canlengthentheaccumulatorcelleffectivelytheservicelife.Theresearchdiscoveredthat,thebatterychargingupisbiggesttothebatterylifeinfluence,theelectricdischargeprocessinfluencearefew.Inotherwords,theoverwhelmingmajorityaccumulatorcellisnotwearsout,butissufficientbad。

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