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中英文翻译--红外线辐射采暖原理及特点.doc

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中英文翻译--红外线辐射采暖原理及特点.doc

INFRAREDRADIATIONHEATINGPRINCIPLEANDCHARACTERISTICSOFCHINASABUNDANTNATURALGASRESOURCES,WITHTHENATIONALENERGYSTRATEGY,TECHNOLOGYTRANSFERANDTHEEXPLORATIONANDEXPLOITATIONOFTHECONTINUOUSDEVELOPMENTOFWESTERNCHINAINRECENTYEARSPROVENANDSUCCESSFULDEVELOPMENTOFANUMBEROFHIGHQUALITYNATURALGASFIELDS,HASBEENTHEFORMATIONOFTHETARIM,QAIDAM,SHAANXIGANSUNINGXIAANDSICHUAN,CHONGQING,FOURNATURALGASFIELDSATNATIONALLEVEL,ALREADYTHEBASISFORTHEDEVELOPMENTOFGASINDUSTRYANDCONDITIONSITISREPORTEDTHATNATURALGASASACLEANANDEFFICIENTENERGYANDHIGHQUALITYCHEMICALRAWMATERIALS,ENERGYSTRUCTUREINTHEWORLDTHEPROPORTIONHASREACHED24,WHILEINCHINA,THECURRENTENERGYMIXOFNATURALGASINTHEPROPORTIONOFONLY22ACCORDINGTOCHINANATIONALPETROLEUMCORPORATIONIN2000,ZHENGHU,DEPUTYGENERALMANAGEROFCHINAINTERNATIONALOILANDGASCONFERENCENEWSCONFERENCETHATCHINAHASBEENTHEDEVELOPMENTANDUTILIZATIONOFNATURALGASFORTHEEARLY21STCENTURYENERGYSTRUCTUREOPTIMIZATIONANDUPGRADINGOFTHEOILINDUSTRYFOCUS,FORTENYEARSABOUTTHETIME,SOTHATNATURALGASINCHINASENERGYCONSUMPTIONSTRUCTUREINTHEPROPORTIONFROMTHECURRENT22TO8,TARIMBASININXINJIANGASTHECOUNTRYSLARGESTNATURALGASFIELDSANDTHEBIRTHOFTHEIMPLEMENTATIONOFTHEPROJECT,TOGETHERWITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFOFFSHOREOILANDNATURALGASANDNATURALGASABROAD,INCLUDINGTHEUSEOF2010ISEXPECTEDTOACHIEVETHISOBJECTIVEISNODOUBTTHATTODEVELOPTHENATIONALSITUATION,THENATURALGASINDUSTRY,NATURALGASASACLEANENERGYININDUSTRIALPRODUCTIONANDNATIONALLIFEINTHEPROPORTIONOFENERGYCONSUMPTIONWILLGROWUNDERSUCHCIRCUMSTANCES,HOWTORESPONDTONATIONALPOLICYTOBETTERPROMOTETHENATURALGASINDUSTRYINTHEAPPLICATIONOFHVACPROBLEMS,ISFACINGTHEINDUSTRY,ESPECIALLYINTHEHVACEQUIPMENTMANUFACTURERS,SALESSTAFFANDDESIGNBUSINESSBEFOREANISSUEFIRST,THEPRINCIPLEOFINFRAREDRADIATIONHEATINGGASFIREDINFRAREDRADIANTHEATINGSYSTEMCONSISTSOFONEORMOREINDEPENDENTVACUUMSYSTEMEACHVACUUMSYSTEMINCLUDESAVACUUMCONTROLSYSTEM,ACERTAINNUMBEROFGENERATORSANDHEATEXCHANGERSHEATEXCHANGERSYSTEMOFSTEELPIPESFROM100MMDIAMETERPIPELINELINKINGANDCOVERAGEOFTHEABOVEINITSHIGHPERFORMANCEALUMINUMALLOYCONSTITUTESASOUNDINGBOARDTHESYSTEMUSESNATURALGAS,LIQUEFIEDPETROLEUMGASORGASGASHEATANDCOMBUSTIONBYTHEGENERATOR,THEHEATGENERATORINTHEAIR,THROUGHTHEUSEOFCENTRIFUGALFANSORPUMPSTHEROLEOFTHEHEATEDAIRANDCOMBUSTIONPRODUCTSOFTHERADIATIONTRANSPORTTUBE,RADIANTTUBEHEATEDTOACERTAINTEMPERATURE,PRODUCEFARINFRAREDRADIANTTUBEOUTSIDEHEATTRANSFERTHESYSTEMISBASEDONTHESUNHEATINGTHEEARTHSSURFACECREATEDBYTHEPRINCIPLESOFDESIGN,SUPPLYOFSOLARENERGYTOTHEEARTHSANALYSISCONCLUDEDTHATTHEELECTROMAGNETICSPECTRUMWAVELENGTH108MICRONSΜMBELOWFORTHECOSMICRAYS,WAVELENGTHINMORETHAN5108ΜMFORTHESOUNDTOWAVE,THERMALRADIATIONMAINLYINTHEWAVELENGTHRANGEOF210ΜMBETWEENTHESIMULATIONOFTHESOLARSYSTEMCANPRODUCEONLYBYRADIATIONANDHEATCONDUCTIONMEDIUMOFAIRFORSOMENONTHERMALHEATINGOFTHERADIATIONWAVELENGTH212ΜMTHEREFORE,THEDIRECTHEATINGOFTHESYSTEMOBJECTSPACERATHERTHANHEATINGTHEAIR,BUTHEATINGOBJECTSSPACE,STAFF,EQUIPMENT,TOOLSTHESEHEATINGOBJECTSINACCORDANCEWITHITSOWNCHARACTERISTICSOFPHYSICALANDCHEMICALSTRUCTURETOABSORBANDSTOREENERGYRECEIVED,ANDTHENEXPOSEDTOAIRTHROUGHITSSURFACETOTHEAIRSPACEHEATINGHEATTRANSFER,WHICHCANSOLVETHETECHNOLOGYSECTORHASBEENBESETALLHVACKINDSOFMILITARY,CIVILIANTALLWAREHOUSESPACEHEATINGANDOTHERPROBLEMSINFRAREDRADIANTHEATINGISSIMILARTOSOLARRADIATION,INFRAREDISTHEPARTOFTHEELECTROMAGNETICPARAGRAPHDIFFERENTWAVELENGTHSOFTHEELECTROMAGNETICWAVESAREEXPOSEDTOTHEOBJECTSWILLPRODUCEDIFFERENTEFFECTSWAVELENGTHSUCHAS0761000UMBETWEENTHEELECTROMAGNETICWAVE,ESPECIALLYINTHEWAVELENGTHRANGEOF07640UM,WITHANONDISPERSIVEANDTHUSTHEENERGYCONCENTRATIONOFASIGNIFICANTTHERMALEFFECT,THATIS,INFRAREDTHESUNHEATINGTHEEARTHSSURFACEWITHDIFFERENTHEATINGRADIATOR,ITDOESNOTREQUIREHEATINGTHEATMOSPHERE,BUTBYSOLARRADIATIONTODIRECTLYHEATTHEEARTHSSURFACETHROUGHINFRAREDRADIATION,RADIATIONTOTHEREGIONOFDIRECTHEATING,THERMALRADIATIONCANBEOFCONCRETEFLOORS,ANDABSORBEDAVARIETYOFOBJECTS,ANDASECONDRADIATIONOFTHESEOBJECTSINORDERTOHEATOTHEROBJECTSAROUNDNOTONLYTHAT,BUTALSOINFRAREDOBJECTORTHEHUMANBODYTHROUGHACERTAINDEGREEOFDEPTHOFSURFACELAYER,WHICHFROMTHEINSIDEOFTHEOBJECTORTHEBODYHEAT,THISSYSTEMISALSOREFERREDTOASARTIFICIALSOLARHEATINGSYSTEMGASFIREDINFRAREDRADIANTHEATINGOFTHERADIATIONINTENSITY,EFFECTIVERADIANTHEATINGINTHEENVIRONMENT,RETAININGSTRUCTURE,GROUNDEQUIPMENTANDTHEENVIRONMENTHAVEAHIGHERSURFACETEMPERATURE,SOTHEHUMANBODYHAVEABETTERCOMFORT,ATTHISTIMEWHOTHEREALSENSEOFTHEENVIRONMENTTEMPERATUREISHIGHERTHANTHESURROUNDINGAIRTEMPERATUREINFRAREDRADIATIONHEATING,GROUNDFLOORROOMTEMPERATURESAREHIGH,WARMANDCOMFORTABLEWORKINGENVIRONMENT,THEUPPERLOWTEMPERATURE,HIGHERUTILIZATIONOFITSHEATSECOND,GASINFRAREDRADIATIONHEATINGOFTHEADVANTAGESOF1,TOSAVEENERGYUPTO3060,SIGNIFICANTLYLOWEROPERATINGCOSTS2,WHENTHEBUILDINGHEATINGCONVECTIONHEATINGTHANHEATLOSSWHENLOW,THEREARESEVERALREASONSFIRST,ASARESULTOFRADIATIONHEATING,THERADIANTHEATEXPOSURETODIRECTHEATINGOBJECT,THEENVIRONMENTISVIRTUALLYNONHEATINGTHEAIR,SOHEATINGTHEAIRTEMPERATUREATTHESAMEHEALTHCONDITIONSTHANCONVECTIONHEATING,WHENTHEAIRTEMPERATURELOW,GENERALLYLESS25℃,SOSMALLTEMPERATUREDIFFERENCEBETWEENINDOORSANDOUTDOORS,SOASMALLERAMOUNTOFINFILTRATIONSECOND,ASARESULTOFCONVECTIONHEATING,THEINDOORAIRISHEATED,ANDTHEFORMATIONOFHOTANDCOLDAIRCONVECTION,SOTHEINDOORAIRTEMPERATUREHASALARGERGRADIENT,THEROOFOFSOMEHIGHTEMPERATURE,LOWTEMPERATURENEARTHEGROUND,THEGENERALCONVECTIONHEATINGTEMPERATUREGRADIENTOFABOUT0510℃/M,ANDRADIANTHEATING,THERADIANTHEATDIRECTLYDOWNWARDRADIATION,THEGROUNDSEGMENTCANALSOBEPARTOFENERGYSAVINGS,INDOORAIRTEMPERATUREGRADIENTISTHEREFORESMALL,THECORRESPONDINGUPPERPARTOFTHEBUILDINGAREALSOLESSHEATLOSSTHIRD,THEPROCESSGASINTHETRANSPORTATIONTHEREISNOLOSS,WHILETHERADIATORISVERYCOMPLETECOMBUSTION,SOTHEHEATOFTHEHEATINGSYSTEMCANBEFULLYUTILIZEDTHETRADITIONALMETHODOFHEATINGSYSTEMRADIATOR,HEATFROMTHEBOILERAFTERTHELEAD,ALONGWITH1015OFHEATLOSS,SOTHELOWERTHETHERMALEFFICIENCY3,INFRAREDHEATINGISGOODFORHEALTH,COMFORTANDBETTER4,GASFIREDINFRAREDRADIATOROFTHERADIATIONTEMPERATUREASHIGHAS8001400℃,RADIATIONINTENSITYSOHIGHANDEFFECTIVERADIANTHEATINGINTHEENVIRONMENT,RETAININGSTRUCTURE,GROUNDANDSURFACEENVIRONMENTOFTHEEQUIPMENT,WHICHHAVEAHIGHERTEMPERATURE,SOTHEHUMANBODYHAVEABETTERCOMFORT,ATTHISTIMEWHOTHEREALSENSEOFTHEENVIRONMENTTEMPERATUREISHIGHERTHANAIRTEMPERATURE5,THERMALEFFECTQUICKLY,THESLOWCOOLING6,ASARESULTOFHEATTRANSFERUSINGINFRAREDRADIATIONHEATING,ANDINFRAREDANDVISIBLELIGHTAREELECTROMAGNETICWAVES,ASPARTOFTHEDISSEMINATIONOFBOTHTHESPEEDOFLIGHT,SOTHERADIATINGONCEREACHEDACERTAINTEMPERATURE,THEHEATCANTHEHUMANBODYOREQUIPMENTANDTOLIFTTHEFEELINGOFCOLDINTHEHEATINGPERIOD,THEENVELOPESTRUCTUREAROUNDTHEGROUNDASWELLASTHEINDOORFACILITIES,BOTHTOABSORBHEATRADIATION,ANDPARTOFTHEHEATSTORE,WHENTHERADIANTHEATINGSTOPPED,THEHEATOFTHESESAVINGS,HEATDISSIPATIONTOTHEENVIRONMENT,ITCANALSOMAINTAINATHERMALENVIRONMENTTHEREFORE,INPARTICULARTHERAPIDSTARTUPRADIANTHEATING,ANDCOOLINGITMORESLOWLY,PARTICULARLYAPPLICABLETOINTERMITTENTHEATINGOFTHEPLACES,SUCHASWAREHOUSES,VENUE,SPORTSVENUES,THECOLLECTIVEDINING,THEATERSANDSOON7,THESTRUCTUREOFTHEBUILDINGENVELOPEINSULATIONLESSDEMANDINGCONDITIONS8,CANBELARGESPACE,SEMIOPENSPACEHEATING,OREVENOUTDOORSFORHEATINGCONVECTIONHEATINGWHICHISUNABLETODOSO9,THEHEATHASASTRONGDIRECTIONALSPREAD10,ACCORDINGTODIFFERENTNEEDS,FLEXIBILITYINLAYOUT,YOUCANCONDUCTACOMPREHENSIVEHEATING,BUTALSOINALOTOFSPACEHEATINGINTHELOCALREGION11,USINGTHEHEATINGTIMECANBESTOPPEDATANYTIMESINCE12,THETRADITIONALHEATINGRADIATORHEATINGCANONLYBERUNDURINGTHEQUARTERHASBEENONCETOSTOPHEATING,PLUMBINGEQUIPMENT,PIPELINESYSTEMS,THEREMAYBEFROSTCRACK13,NOBOILERROOM,DONOTUSETHEAREAOCCUPIEDBYBUILDINGSRADIATIONDEVICESAREGENERALLYINSTALLEDINTHEUPPERPARTOFTHEBUILDINGSPACEHEATING,SOITISRARELYOCCUPIEDORNOTACCOUNTEDFORUSINGTHEAREAOFCONSTRUCTION,SAVINGAVALUABLEBUILDINGLAND14,ALOWINVESTMENTJUSTTAKEOVERTHEGASPIPELINEANDTHEENTRANCEOFTHEINSTALLATIONOFTHESYSTEMVOLTAGEREGULATORVOLTAGEREGULATOREQUIPMENT,DONOTINSTALLTHEHEATINGBOILERSANDOTHERANCILLARYEQUIPMENTWATERTREATMENTEQUIPMENT,OXYGENEQUIPMENT,ETC,THEREISNOWATERHEATINGSYSTEM,AGREATLYREDUCEDINVESTMENT15,MOBILE,ANDEASEOFINSTALLATIONGASFIREDINFRAREDRADIATORCOMPACTANDLIGHTWEIGHTBODYHOSECANBECONNECTEDEASILYREMOVABLE,MOBILEISALSOVERYFLEXIBLEIFTHEUSEOFLIQUEFIEDPETROLEUMGASFORTHEGASSOURCE,THEENTIREHEATINGSYSTEMCANBEEASILYMOBILEGASFIREDINFRAREDRADIANTHEATINGINPARTICULARAPPLIESTOTHEFOLLOWINGVENUESSTADIUMS,SWIMMINGPOOLS,THEATERS,CAFETERIAS,RESTAURANTS,PLANTWORKSHOPS,WAREHOUSES,SUPERMARKETS,AIRCARGOTERMINALS,AIRCRAFTHANGARS,GARAGES,CARWASHINGROOM,GREENHOUSE,FARMANDSOON

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