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外文翻译---机器人.doc

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外文翻译---机器人.doc

沈阳理工大学学士学位论文1附录一英文原文RobotG.GaryWangAssistantProfessorDept.ofMechanicalandIndustrialEngineering,UniversityofManitoba,Winnipeg,MB,R3T5V6CanadaeRobotsclassificationSeveralthousandyearsagothehumanitylongedforthatmakesonekindofelephantpersonssamemachine,inordertoextricatesthehumanityfromthearduouswork.IftheancientGreecepoetHomeroslengthynarrativepoemYiliyategodoflameseatimeofSiTesismelting,usesthegoldcastingtohaveabeautifulintelligentmaidservantGreekmythologyLuElderbrotherDiscoveryshipbronzegiantTailuosiTaloasJudeainfablessoilgiantandsoon,thesebeautifulmythtimesweredrivingthepeoplemustcertainlybecomethebeautifulmyththereality,asearlyasstartedbeforetwomillenniumstopresenttheautomaticwoodenfigurineandsomesimplemechanicalfigurines.tothemoderntimes,inafterarobotwordsappearanceandtheworldthefirstindustryrobotcomesout,thedifferentfunctionsrobotalsooneafteranotherappears,andenlivenedinthedifferentdomain,fromthespacetotheunderground,developedfromtheindustrybroadlytotheagriculture,theforest,theherd,thefishing,evenenteredthecommonfamily.Robotsmanytype,broadapplication,affectsthedepth,isweareunexpected.Dividesfromrobotsuse,maydivideintotwobroadheadingsMilitaryrobot◆groundmilitaryrobotThegroundrobotismainlyreferstotheintelligenceortheremotecontrolwheeledandthetracklayingvehicle.Thegroundmilitaryrobotmaydivideintotheindependentvehiclesandhalfindependentvehicles.Theindependentvehiclesdependupontheownintelligentautonomousnavigation,theavoidanceobstacle,沈阳理工大学学士学位论文2theindependencecompleteeachkindofcombatmissionHalfindependentvehiclesmayexerciseindependentlyunderpersonssurveillance,whenencountersthedifficultytheoperatorsmaycarryontheremotecontrolintervention.◆unmannedaerialvehicleIscalledtheairbornerobotsunmannedaerialvehicleisinthemilitaryrobotdevelopsthequickestfamily,thefirstautopilothasbeenpublishedsince1913,unmannedaerialvehiclesfundamentaltypehasachieved300manykinds,atpresenttheunmannedaerialvehiclewhichsellsintheworldmarkethas40manykinds.TheUSparticipatedinnearlytheworldallimportantwars.Isadvancedasaresultofitsscienceandtechnology,thenationalstrengthisstrong,thus80formanyyears,theworldunmannedaerialvehiclesdevelopmentbasicallyhasbeenpromptsforwardbytheline.TheUSstudiesoneofunmannedaerialvehicleearliestcountries,regardlessoftodaylookingfromtechnicallevelorunmannedaerialvehiclestypeandquantity,theUSoccupiestheworldleader.thecomprehensivesurveyunmannedaerialvehicledevelopsthehistory,maysaythatthemodernwarfareisthepowerwhichtheunmannedaerialvehicledevelops,thehightechnologyandnewtechnologydevelopmentisthefoundationwhichitprogressesunceasingly.◆underwaterrobotTheunderwaterrobotdividesintosomepersonofrobotsandnobodyrobottwobroadheadingsSomepersonofsubmersiblesmobilenimble,isadvantageousfortheprocessingcomplexquestion,holdsthepostthelifewillpossiblyhavethedanger,moreoverthepricewillbeexpensive.TheunmannedsubmersibleistheunderwaterrobotwhichthepeoplesaidthatShinaoisonekind.Itissuitableforthelongtime,thewiderangeinspectionduty,intherecent20years,theunderwaterrobothadtheverybigdevelopment,theybothmaymilitaryandbepossiblecivil.沈阳理工大学学士学位论文3Furtherdevelopsalongwiththehumantothesea,inthe21stcenturytheywillcertainlytohaveamorewidespreadapplication.Accordingtotheunmannedsubmersibleandthewatersurfacesupportequipmentdepotshiporplatformcontactmethodsdifference,theunderwaterrobotmaydivideintotwobroadheadingsOnekindhasthecableunderwaterrobot,inthecustomiscalledasitcontrolsremotelythesubmersibles,iscalledROVAnotherkinddoesnothavethecableunderwaterrobot,inthesubmersiblescustomiscalledasittheautonomoussubmersibles,iscalledAUV.Hasthecablerobotistheremotecontroltype,dividesintotowed,seabedaccordingtoitsmodeofmotionthemobileandthefloatfromnavigationtheformulathreekinds.Doesnothavethecableunderwaterrobotonlytobeabletobeautonomouslike,atpresentalsoonlythentheobservationfloattypeonemodeofmotion,butitsprospectisbright.◆spatialrobotThespatialrobotisonekindoflowendlightteleoperator,mayintheplanetatmosphericenvironmenttheguidanceandtheflight.Therefore,itmustovercomemanydifficulties,forexampleitmustbeable,inchangesunceasinglyinthreedimensionalenvironmentmovementandautonomousnavigationCannotpausenearlyMustbeablerealtimetodetermineitinthespatialpositionandtheconditionMustbeabletocarryonthecontrolprimarilytotheAmericanitsverticalmovementMustforecastandplanthewayforitsstarborderflight.Civilrobot◆industryrobotTheindustryrobotisreferstotheindustrytheapplicationonekindcancarryontheautomaticcontrol,tobepossibletoduplicateprograms,multipurpose,themultidegreesoffreedom,themultipurposeoperationmachine,cantransportthematerial,theworkpieceormanagesthetool,with沈阳理工大学学士学位论文4completeseachkindofwork.Andthiskindofoperationmachinemayfixinaplace,mayalsoonthereciprocalmotioncar.◆servicerobotTheservicerobotisinarobotfamilysyoungmember,sofarstilldidnothaveastrictdefinition,thedifferentcountrytoservesrobotsunderstandingalsotohavecertaindifference.Servesrobotsapplicationscopetobeverybroad,ismainlyengagedinworkandsoonmaintenance,maintenance,repair,transportation,clean,security,rescue,guardianship.TheGermanproductiontechnologyandInstituteofAutomationmanagerexecutedDr.LafutefortoservetherobottogivethiskindofdefinitionServestherobotistheshifterwhichonekindmayprogramfreely,itshouldhavethreemotiveaxlesatleast,maypartiallyorthecompletelyautomaticcompletestheservices.Hereservicesrefertoarenottheservicingactivitieswhichisengagedinfortheindustrialproductiongoods,butreferstotheserviceswhichthemannerandtheunitcomplete.◆entertainmentrobotTheentertainmentrobottakewatches,theentertainmentforthehumanasagoal,hasrobotsexteriorcharacteristic,maylooklikethehuman,somekindofanimal,lookslikeinthefairytaleorthesciencefictioncharacterlikelyandsoon.Simultaneouslyhasrobotsfunction,maywalkorcompletethemovement,mayhavetheverbalskill,willsing,hascertainsensationability.◆kindofpersonrobotMayseefromothercategorysrobot,themajorityrobotsdonotlooklikethehuman,somedonotevenhaveapersonsappearance,thispointtocausemanyrobotamateurstobegreatlydisappointed.Perhapsyouwillask,forsystemclasspersonrobotSuchrobotwillbeeasiertoletthehumanaccept.Actually,

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