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外文翻译---浅谈起重机的安全技术检查.doc

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外文翻译---浅谈起重机的安全技术检查.doc

OncranesafetyinspectiontechnologyAuthorLiangkunShingarticleSourceBusinessandTechnologycoastalUpdate2006316AbstractThearticlepresentsacranesafetytechnicalinspectionpoints,andbasedonthatexamination,timelymaintenance,equipmentmaintenancetoextendthelife,integrityandimproveequipmentutilization,eliminatingthedangerofaccidents.guaranteesafeproductionisofgreatsignificance.KeywordsorbitRunningMetalstructureMajorcomponentsHydraulicAppliances1cranessurroundingenvironmentinspectionOperationalenvironmentandtotrackthesafeoperationofcraneshaveadirectrelationshipitisalsorighttocarryoutsafetyinspectioncraneindispensablecontent.Inspectionsareasfollows1.ViewCraneintervalwhetherpowerlinesespeciallythehighvoltagelines.Cranewiththeoperationshouldbesufficienttomaintainasafedistance.Otherwise,theyshouldtakecorrespondingmeasurestorestrictthescopeoftheoperationofacrane.2.Inspectionofthesurroundingbuildings,suchastheavailabilityoftemporaryfacilitieshinderthenormaloperationofacrane,boom,balanceetc.partswillcollidewiththem.Specialcranesintheorbitorstationarycraneincreaseddisplacement,particularattentionshouldbegiventoinspection.Forautomobiletiresandhangingsuspendedshouldchecktheirfootpositionisadequate,whetheremptyundergroundandgroundbearingcapacitysizes.2Craneorbitinspection1.RailClamporanylossofironshoesspecialinspectionsofitsorbitinastrongdegreefromthetrackandwhethertoretaintheendofa686kgsafedistance.2.Inspectiontrackendsoftheprotectiondeviceavailabilityloss,loose,installationlocationiscorrect,alsocheckwhetherthetripswitchandasuburbanlocationiscorrect.3.Orbitplaten,interconnects,Dao,spikeandwhethertheintegrity,availabilitytrackobstaclesimpedingtheoperation.4.Towatchskew,willseriouslyskewtheflowersintoorbitwithinthelateralbandScarsbright,andthedifficultiesassociatedwithstarting,runningresistanceincreases,thelongrunwilldrivemotoroverloadburned,andwiththewheelweartrackverysoon.Itshouldalsohaveitsowncranesandothergaugesforfurtherinspection,inordertoeliminateskewphenomenon.5.Trackjointsshouldmaintainmmgapbetweentworailjointsstaggeredarrangementsuitablelocation,notstaggertheirdistancebeforeandafterthecranewheelstothebasicdistance.Ifnot,truckoperationstothejoints,leadingtogreatervibration.3walkpartofthecraneinspection1.Inspectionoftheopenwheel,whethercouplingequippedwithprotectivemasks.2.Inspectionoftheopenwheel,whethercouplingwasherofexcessivewear.3.Inspectionrunningroundtread.Asthetreadtobearorbitgreatcontactstress,ifnotthequalityofsurfacehardness,Duringtheinspection,youcanseethemassivestripping.4.Wheelaxlecheckwhethertheholeopen.Suchasasphaltornotpluggedintobutter,Bushwillbedrymill,andthenranBearingRollingdebris.4sothatcraneswouldhavenobearinghigh,thecarabovestructurewilldeform,Weldonthestructureandlocationwillbeconnectedtothemaincausestressconcentration.Bushlostthewheelwillbeinoperationaroundtraversetheentiretrackwillberawandshiny.5.Inspectiongearboxfixedbasiswhetherboltsloosening.Ascranesrunningfrequentandgreatinertialenergyshockiseasytoscrewlooseningbasis.Ifnotpromptlytightened,tearinggearboxbottomscrew,andthencoupling,resultingindeteriorationoftruckoperations4themetalstructureofthecraneinspection1.Metalstructureplasticdeformation.Duetooverload,thermalradiation,thefrequentuseofsuchfactors,themainbeamonthecamberorevendisappearunderthedeflectionand,therefore,Mainbeamcamberstructuralinspectioncraneisthekeylocations.Inaddition,theboomofthemainlimbsbendanycollision,twistJibroot,rootarmbalancethelugboltwhetherWelddehiscenceThebridgegirderwebsundercoverandwhetherthesplitbetweenWeld,shouldconductinspection.2.Connectedtothemainstructureboltinspection.Jibcrane,towercranetower,crawlercranesdock,Gantrycranesrotatingcenterhousingsandotherimportantpartsofthescrewconnection,Duringthecampaignforaperiodoftimemightbeup.Wealsofoundthattheuseofthesepartsoftheboltsinfrequenttensilestress,andtheshearforceoftheComprehensivereverserole,evenoccurfromtherootfracture.Shouldbeexaminedcarefully.5cranesandthemainbodypartsinspection1.Reducerchecktoseewhethermajoroilspills.Runtimepillisabnormalsound,itisnecessarytoopentheCoverinspection.GeneralBearingisdamagedorgearmeshingbacklashistoolarge,toothwearseriousreasons.2.Brakechecktheperformanceofthesituation.Brakecraneisimportantcomponentsdirectlyaffectsthemovementofaccuracyandreliability.Therefore,wemustcarefullycheckuporluffingtwoinstitutionswiththebrakesituation,Observationofthebrakingandopeningfrictionbrakepadscomponentsofthewear.Bringtotheattentionofthebrakecheckwiththesteelbrakeliningbackuncracked,thedrivebrakewhetherflexible,Brakelongerintactandthemainspringandauxiliaryspringsflexibilitywhetheritmeetstherequirements.3.Ropeinspection.Ropeinspectionshouldfocusontheobservationofbrokenwires,wear,kink,corrosion,etc.,somewear,brokenwiresinamoreseriousbutnotyetthestandardposition,stabbingtobedonetofocusontrackingthereview.TotheattentionoftheropereelcheckthesafetyStoppereffective,Reelonwhethertheropeplatenclampingplatenumberandsuitability.4.Rightpulleyinspection.Focusonthebottomwearandwhethersubstandardcastironpulleyexistenceofcracks.Yangagenciesforpanderingtothepulleyblockbalanceroundbecauseofitisnotunusualmovementscaneasilybeoverlooked.Therefore,theinstallationmustcheckbeforeturningitsflexibility,otherwise,InstallationstoopYangropearoundthelengthandbalanceofforcecannotautomaticallyadjustedround,resultinginhighaltitudeadjustmentstoopYangjusticeandthedifficultyofoperatingrisk.5.ChecktheavailabilityofloosecouplingorRollingkey.Focusonflexibilityinspectiondowelpincouplingflexiblerubberringanyabnormalwear,rightprofilecouplingmustpayspecialattentiontogeargearwear.Bytheinstallationoftheaccuracyoftheaxisbetweenthetwolargeroffsetcircumstances,theperformancefortheentiretimesoongeargrindingbald.Liftingtheinstitutionsifsuchcases,pronetoseriousaccidents.6cranes,hydraulictransmissionpartoftheinspectionRighttireandvehiclecrane,hydraulicdrivenormallyusedforlifting,rotating,luffingandoutriggerstretchingmovements.Hydraulicdrivetocheckareasfollows

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