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外文翻译---绿色切削加工技术的研究现状与进展.doc

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外文翻译---绿色切削加工技术的研究现状与进展.doc

GREENCERAMICPROCESSINGTECHNOLOGYRESEARCHANDTHESTATUSOFPROGRESS1INTRODUCTIONENVIRONMENT,RESOURCES,POPULATIONISTHREEMAJORPROBLEMSFACINGCONTEMPORARYSOCIETYRELYONSCIENTIFICANDTECHNOLOGICALPROGRESSANDACHIEVESECTIONOFSYNERGY,REDUCEWASTEEMISSIONS,THEESTABLISHMENTOFPRODUCTION,CONSUMPTIONANDTHEENVIRONMENT,RESOURCESCOORDINATEDDEVELOPMENTOFHUMANSOCIETYHASBECOMEAMODELFORSUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENTASWEENTERTHE21STCENTURY,INTHEIMPLEMENTATIONOFGREENMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYHASBECOMEIMPERATIVECUTTINGIMPORTANTASAMANUFACTURINGANDPROCESSINGAPPLICATIONSEXTENSIVEPROCESSINGMETHODSAREFACINGNEWCHALLENGES,INTHISCONTEXT,GREENCERAMICPROCESSINGTECHNOLOGIESHAVEEMERGEDINTRADITIONALPROCESSINGMACHINES,REQUIRETHEUSEOFCUTTINGFLUIDSEXPERIENCEINALTERNATIVEAREASTOPLAYACOOL,LUBRICANT,CLEANING,PAIXIE,RUSTPROOF,ROLEASHUMANSOCIETYFORTHEPROTECTIONOFTHEENVIRONMENTHIGHLYCONCERNEDABOUTTHEUSEOFCUTTINGFLUIDSHASNEGATIVEEFFECTSCANNOTBEIGNOREDTHESEEFFECTSCANBESEENINFIRST,THEEXTENSIVEUSEOFCUTTINGFLUIDSINCREASEDMANUFACTURINGCOSTSINTHEEUROPEANCARMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRY,CUTTINGFLUIDSCOST169OFTHETOTALPRODUCTIONCOSTS,INCLUDINGTHECOSTOFBUYINGREPLACEMENTFLUIDS,CUTTINGFLUIDSUSEDFOREQUIPMENT,MAINTENANCEANDLIQUIDWASTEPROCESSINGCOSTSANDCUTLERYCOSTONLY75OFTOTALPRODUCTIONCOSTSSECONDCUTTINGFLUIDCONTAINSMINERALOILANDSULPHUR,PHOSPHORUS,CHLORINEANDOTHERADDITIVESHARMFULTOTHEENVIRONMENT,SUCHASEMISSIONSFORMERUNTREATEDORNOTPROPERLYDEALTWITH,ITWILLCAUSEPOLLUTIONTOTHEENVIRONMENTTHIRD,THEOPERATIONOFCUTTINGFLUIDSPOSEATHREATTOTHEHEALTHOFWORKERSWILLINDUCEMANYSKINDISEASESANDRESPIRATORYANDLUNGDISEASESGREENCERAMICPROCESSINGTECHNOLOGYISAFULLYCONSIDERENVIRONMENTALANDRESOURCEISSUESPROCESSINGTECHNOLOGY,ANDITREQUIRESTHEPROCESSINGDONEINTHEENVIRONMENTALPOLLUTIONTOAMINIMUMANDMAXIMUMUTILIZATIONOFRESOURCESANDTHEREPLACEMENTOFTHECURRENTSTUDYFOCUSEDONGREENDRYBULK,LOWTEMPERATURECOMBUSTION,GREENUNDERWATERCUTTINGSEVERALASPECTS2DRYCUTTINGINTHEDRYBULKREFERSTOTHEMECHANICALPROCESSING,INORDERTOPROTECTTHEENVIRONMENTANDREDUCECOSTSANDCONSCIOUSLYREDUCETHEUSEORNONUSEOFBULKLIQUIDPROCESSINGMETHODSTWOTYPESOFDRYCUTTING,NOTTOUSEADRYBULKLIQUIDBULK,ANOTHERTOUSEGASINSTEADOFCUTTINGFLUIDSMIXEDTRACELUBRICANTSPROSPECTIVEDRYCUTTING,THEUSEOFTHESMALLESTVOLUMELUBRICANTPOPQUANTITYLUBRICATION,MQLTECHNOLOGYUSINGMQLTECHNOLOGYASSOCIATEDRYTOOLINGAPPLICABLETOTHESITUATIONCANNOTBEFULLYREALIZEDDRYBULK,SUCHASGRINDINGANDPROCESSINGMATERIALSTOPROCESSINGMACHINESFORPROCESSINGUSINGPROSPECTIVEDRYBULKPROCESSING,CUTLERY,ANDTHECUTSAREWORKINGTOMAINTAINDRY,CUTSCANNOTHANDLERECYCLINGCURRENTDRYCUTTINGRESEARCHFOCUSEDONTHEFOLLOWINGASPECTS21DRYBULKPROCESSINGCUTLERYRESEARCHASDRYBULKTEMPERATUREMUCHHIGHERTHANTHEWETBULK,DRYCUTTINGTOACHIEVEFORCUTLERYMATERIALSMUSTHAVEAHIGHREDRIGID,RESISTANCETOABRASION,CHEMICALANDTHERMALSTABILITYTHERMALRESILIENCEANDCUTS,WORKINGWITHTHEFRICTIONCOEFFICIENTBETWEENTHECUTLERYSHOULDBEMINIMALSTRUCTURESHOULDFACILITATEPAIXIECUTLERY,CUTLERYSTRENGTHANDRESILIENCETOHIGHCURRENTLYAPPLICABLEINTHEDRYBULKMATERIALSAREMINUSCULEPARTICLESHARDMETALCUTLERY,DIAMONDS,CUBICDANHUAPENG,HARDMETALCOATINGSAMERICANSCHOLARSDEVELOPEDNANOCOATINGSNANOCOATINGSCUTLERY,THEUSEOFDIFFERENTCOMBINATIONSOFMATERIALSSUCHASMETAL/METALMIX,METAL/CERAMICCOMBINATIONS,POTTERY/CERAMICCOMBINATIONS,ANDSOLIDLUBRICANTS/METALCOMBINATIONS,ETCTOMEETDIFFERENTFUNCTIONALANDPERFORMANCEREQUIREMENTSNANOCOATINGALLOWSCUTLERYSIGNIFICANTINCREASERESILIENCEANDTHEHARDNESSWITHEXCELLENTANTIWEARANDFRICTIONSINCELUBRICANTPERFORMANCEJAPANESESUMITOMOELECTRICINDUSTRIESHASDEVELOPEDTOAHIGHRATEOFCUIYINGSTEELCUTLERYFORDRYBULKMATERIALSPROCESSINGLIVEBORONABRASIVEMETRICDANHUAPENGABRASIVETOOLSCOMMODITIESBNX10,BNX25LIVEBORONABRASIVEBNX10APPLICABLETOTHEHIGHSPEEDSTEELCUIYINGCONSECUTIVEDRYCUTTINGONTHEAXLEWAIJINGPROCESSINGEXAMPLESSHOWTHATCOMPAREDWITHCERAMICCUTLERY,BNX10RECEIVEHIGHERPROCESSINGSURFACESMOOTHNESSANDSTABILITYSIZEPRECISION,ANDCUTLERYLIFEGREATLYIMPROVEDLIVEBORONABRASIVEBNX25THROUGHOPTIMIZINGCBNGRANULARITYANDCONTAINRATESANDTHEUSEOFSPECIALCERAMICMATERIALSASACOMBINATIONOFINCREASEDRESISTANCEHIVANDABRASIONRESISTANTCRESCENTMOONCRIMINALSEXUALAPPLICABLETOTHERAPIDINCREASESCUIYINGSTEELPROCESSINGMACHINESTOTHEHIGHSPEEDMACHINESWAIJINGSLEEVEMATERIALSPROCESSINGEXAMPLESSHOWTHATCOMPAREDWITHTHEPREVIOUSCUTLERYMATERIALS,THEUSEOFHIGHSPEEDMACHININGCONDITIONSBNX25CUTLERYLIFEALSOIMPROVEDDENGJIAN,ANDOTHERSTOTIB2FORNEWADDITIVES,AL203MATRIXFORTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCERAMICCUTLERYAL203/TIB2MATERIALSTHEUSEOFCERAMICCUTLERYCUIYINGSTEELFORHIGHSPEEDDRYCUTTINGTESTSSHOWEDTHATWHENCUTTINGSPEEDTHAN12OM/MIN,CUTLERYBEGANTOSHOWHIGHTEMPERATURESSINCELUBRICANTPERFORMANCE,SINCELUBRICANTFILMAL203/TIBZCERAMICCUTLERYFORTHECOMPOSITIONOFTIB2OXIDES,ITCANPLAYASOLIDLUBRICANTSINCUTLERYSURFACEROLE,THUSLOWERINGTHEFORMERDAOMIANFRICTIONANDREDUCETHEADHESIVESWEARCUTLERY,CUTLERYINCREASETHEWEARRESISTANCE,WITHAGOODCUTMOLDOVAANDKANGMOROLEYANGHAIDONGANDOTHERSTOOKADVANTAGEOFTHENITRIDINGYT15MATRIXCARBONCOATINGSCUTLERYDRYCHEXUESILICONALUMINUMALLOYMEMBRANE,THETESTRESULTSINDICATETHATAVERYSMALLKNIFEPOINTFROMSCRAPNEOPLASMS,SMALLERWORKINGSURFACEROUGHNESSVALUE,THEUSEFULLIFETHANHARDMETALCUTLERY

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