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外文翻译--GIS的发展历史.doc

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外文翻译--GIS的发展历史.doc

外文资料FOREIGNLANGUAGEDATA21CENTURIESAREANEWCENTURYTHATINFORMATIONSTURN,THENETWORKTURNS,THEARITHMETICFIGURETURNS,THEINTELLIGENCETURNSTHEBOOMINGDEVELOPINGTHENEWTECHNIQUEREVOLUTIONOFTHESCOPEOFWORLDWITHTHEWAVETIDEOFTHEKNOWLEDGEBASEDECONOMY,PUSHTHEDEVELOPINGCOUNTRYWITHPROSPERTHENATIONISTECHNICALANDCREATIVEINTHEELECTRONICSINFORMATIONWITHAPPLYTHEREALMTOSTANDAFRESHATSAMERISESTORUNONLINE,FACETHENEWDEVELOPMENTOPPORTUNITYTOGETHERWITHCHALLENGEINNOWTHISINFORMATIONTURNOFSOCIETY,WHOCANMAKEUSEOFTHEONESELFRESOURCESMOREAVAILABLY,CONTROLMORECOMPLETELY,MOREACCURATEINFORMATION,MAKEADECISIONOFSCIENCESOONER,WHOCANADJUSTTHESOCIALCURRENT,STANDFIRMTHEHEELINVIGOROUSCOMPETITION,ANDBRINGSTHEBUSINESSENTERPRISETOREPAYSHIGHERLYATTHESAMETIMEGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSYSTEMGEOGRAPHICINFORMATIONSYSTEM,GISTHEGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSYSTEMHANDLESOBJECTISSPACEPOSITIONTHATSPACEENTITY,ITSHANDLETHEPROCESSRELATETOWITHSPACETHEPROCEEDINGACCORDINGTOTHESPACEENTITYEXACTLYTHEGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSYSTEMHASVERYHIGHBLENDABILITY,ITBLENDSWITHOTHERINFORMATIONTECHNIQUE,EXPANDINGTHETECHNICALAPPLICATIONINTHEINFORMATIONOFTHEWHOLETHEINFORMATIONTURNS,THENETWORKTURNS,THEARITHMETICFIGURETURNS,THEWAVETIDETHATINTELLIGENCETURNISDASHINGANDCRASHING,THEARITHMETICFIGURECITYISEXACTLYTHETIDEASTRIDEOVERTYPEFOR,IFOURCOUNTRYCANHOLDINGTIGHTHISTORYGIVINGDEVELOPMENTOPPORTUNITYOFTHISWAVETIDE,CHINESECITYPLANNING,DEVELOPMENTSWITHMANAGETHELEVELMAYWASHINTOTHEEXROWOFTHEADVANCEDCOUNTRIESOFWORLDTHEPOLE,ANDAROUSETHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHERELATEDINDUSTRYA,GISDEVELOPMENTHISTORYPUTFORWARDFIRSTFROM1962CANADASROGERTOMLINSONTHECONCEPTOFTHEGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSYSTEMCOMBINESTOLEADSTOESTABLISHINTHEWORLDTHEFIRSTHASTHEPRACTICEALWORTHAGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSYSTEMCANADAGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSINCESYSTEMCANADAGEOGRAPHICINFORMATIONSYSTEM,BRIEFNAMECGIS,GEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONTHESYSTEMACQUIREDTHESUBSTANTIALADVANCEWITHINTHESCOPEOFWORLDTHECONDUCTANDACTIONSTURNSTODESCRIBETOTHELIVINGSPATIALARITHMETICFIGUREINMANKIND,ANALYSISWITHEXPRESSIONOFTOOL,GISANIMPORTANCETHATBECOMETHEINFORMATIONINDUSTRYGRADUALLYCONSTITUTESTHEPART,BECOMINGTHENATIONALECONOMYTOINCREASETOORDERNEWLYBEENGAGEDINTHETHEORIESOFGISINSIDETHEWORLDSCOPEWITHTHEAPPLICATIONSTUDYOFDEVELOPMENTPERSONNEL,SECTIONAMAINMELODYFORWITHHIGHANDNEWBUSINESSENTERPRISECOUNTLESSLY,APPLIEDSCIENCESTURNING,SCIENCETECHNIQUETURNING,TECHNIIQUEINDUSTRYTURNINGALREADYBECOMINGTHEREALMOFGISDEVELOPPINGGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSYSTEMATFROMAPUREANDAPPLIEDSYSTEMTHEDEVELOPMENTISACOMPLETETECHNIQUESYSTEMWITHTHEORIESSYSTEMTHEGISGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSYSTEMDEVELOPMENTISFROM1965OF,ATTHATTIMEHARVARDALANDMEASURESTHEPROFESSIONALSTUDENTTOMENTIONLIKETHISAVIEWPOINTINGRADUATIONTHESISCANMEASURESTHEDATASYSTEMANDGEOGRAPHYTHEFUSIONISTOGETHERHENCE,HEDESIGNEDATHEMOSTSIMPLETHESYSTEMOFGIS,ANDESTABLISHEDTHECOMPANYOFESRIAFTERGRADUATINGITISTHECOMPANYOFTHEBIGGESTTHESYSTEMOFGISOFWORLDNOWDEVELOPMENTTHATTHROUGHSEVERALDECADES,THESYSTEMOFGISHASBEENTURNEDINTOBYANAPPLICATIONFORLEARNINGREALMFORWITHSERVICEAFOUNDATIONTYPEFORLEARNINGREALMAPPLICATIONASMAINPURPOSETERRACESOFTWARE,THENSERVETHECOMPANYUSETOTRANSACTREALMISMAINPURPOSETHATTABLESTOPTYPETERRACESOFTWARETHATAM/FM/GISAUTOMATEDMAPPING/FACILITIESMANAGEMENT/GEOGRAPHICINFORMATIONSYSTEMSYSTEMWITHTHENSERVEINTHECITYPUBLICFACILITIESMANAGEMENTISTHEMAINPURPOSEWAITSSEVERALBRANCHESTHEGISISNOTONLYAPPLIEDINTHEGEOGRAPHY,GEOLOGYETCPROFESSIONREALM,ITISCURRENTTOALLTHEREISEXTENSIVEAPPLICATIONINTHEEACHREALM,SUCHASWATERCONSERVANCY,ELECTRICPOWER,PETROLEUM,TRANSPORTATION,TELECOMUNICATION,PUBLICSECURITYOFFICIAL,ENVIRONMENTALPROTECTIONETCCOMEUPTOSAYFROMTHECONCEPT,THEGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONISTHEGROSSOFTHEARITHMETICFIGURETOPOINTTHEELEMENTALQUANTITY,QUANTITY,KINDINENVIRONMENTINGEOGRAPHYINENUNCIATIONANDDISTRIBUTETHECHARACTERISTIC,CONTACTTOWAITWITHTHEREGULATION,WRITING,PICTURE,SKETCHETCINFORMATIONTOCALLPASSTHEGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONTECHNIQUE,COLLECTRELEVANTTHEEARTHEVERYBITANDALLINFORMATIONS,TIDYUPTHEDATATHATPROCESSEASYTOUSAGE,ANDPRESSPERMAFROSTGEOGRAPHYTOSITTHEMARKDEPOSIT,NEEDINGDELIVERTHEHOMOLOGOUSPLACEIMMEDIATELY,ANDHERETHEFOUNDATIONISLAST,ASTOITSPROCEEDTOPROCESS,TIDYUP,FORTHEANALYSISOFVARIOUSAPPLIEDREALM,MANAGE,THEDECISIONOFFERINGISMORETHEBASISOFSCIENCE①SEEFROMTHESYSTEMANGLE,INFUTUREANDSEVERALLY10YEARLY,THEGEOGRAPHYINFORMATIONSYSTEMSTANDARDIZEINTEROPERABLEGISTHEFACINGDATA,DATAMANYTURNS3DS4DGISES,THESYSTEMGATHERSTURNCOMPONENTGIS,THESYSTEMINTELLIGENCETURNSCYBERGIS,THETERRACENETWORKTURNWEBGISWITHTHEDIRECTIONDEVELOPMENTTHATAPPLICATIONACCULTURATEARITHMETICFIGURETHEEARTHTHEAPPLIEDSYSTEMINGISHASBELOWCHARACTERISTIC②THEMAINFUNCTIONOFTHESYSTEMOFGISISTOPUIFACILITIESNETWORKMANAGEMENTWITHCONTROL,LAYEMPHASISINRUSHTOWARDTODESCRIBETOTHELINEFORMFACILITIESGEOGRAPHYSKETCHDATAISASYSTEMINSIDEONLYAKINDOFFITTING,KEEPTHEVIEWOFBACKGROUNDASSISTANCEDATA,HAVENOTHEGEOGRAPHYSKETCHDATAEVEN,ASUPPORTFORNEEDINGCORPUSSKETCHDATA,SYSTEMCANCIRCULATEASUSUAL③THESYSTEMOFGISUSUALLYNEEDSTOPROCEEDTHEMAINTENANCEWITHSHAREATTHESAMETIMEINSEVERALSECTIONS,THEFORTHISREASONDATAWANTSTOPROCEEDMULTIFARIOUSNOTTHELINEDEVELOPMENTRENEWSSYSTEMACCORDINGTOAPPLIEDRULEINPUIPROFESSION,GUARANTEETHEDATARENEWINWHOLECONSISTENCYINTHESYSTEMTHEREFORE,AM/FM/GISAPPLICATIONRIGHTNESSBEINCONJUNCTIONWITHTHEWORKENVIRONMENTHAVETHEHIGHERREQUEST④CITYPSECTIONUSESTHETECHNICALANDBASICPURPOSEINAM/FM/GISISTOINCREASESDECISIONANDMOVEMENTSOPERATEOFRESPONDTOTHESPEEDTHESOLIDHOURTHATDATARENEW,OPERATETHESOLIDHOURTHATRESPONDTOISBASICTECHNIQUEREQUESTTHATAM/FM/GISAPPLICATIONTHESOFTWAREMUSTGUARANTEE⑤GISSYSTEMAPPLICATIONOBJECTTHOUSANDBADTENTHOUSANDDONOT,THEREFORE,THEAM/FM/THETERRACEOFGISMUSTSHAVETHEGOODAPPLICABILITYWITHOPENTHESEXSEEFROMTHETECHNIQUEANGLE,HAVEWITHCLOSELYRELATEDTECHNIQUEINGISTHEFEELSTECHNIQUE,CANPASSONCEINAWHILETHESATELLITELEAVEOUTTHEEARTHSURFACENEITHERTHEGROUNDSCANSATIME,OBTAINTHELATESTDATADATACURRENT,INITSTHEPHOTOGRAPHTHATTAKE,ITSDISTINGUISHTHERATETHEALREADYGOODENOUGHTOMAKINGGROUNDLASTISCLEARSUCHASTHEOBJECTOFTHECARHEADLAMPSIZETHEREFOREHERETHEBREADCONTAINEDTHECALCULATOR,PICTUREHANDLES,THELARGESCALEDATAISSAVINGTOPROGNOSTICATEETCVARIOUSTECHNIQUESWITHSPACETOTHEGROUNDWORLDFIXEDPOSITIONSYSTEMGPSGPSISACANBETHENACCURATETOUNDERSTANDYOUTHEHIGHTECHTOOLINTERRESTRIALPOSITIONINANYPARTICULARTIMEGPSFROMABOUT24SATELLITEFORROUNDINGTHEEARTHCIRCULATINGSCONSTITUTES,THESESATELLITESESFACETERRESTRIALRECEIVETHEMACHINESENDOUTTHESIGNALTHEGPSRECEIVESTHEMACHINEACCORDINGTORECEIVE2~S3SIGNALSOFSATELLITECANCOMPUTETHEDEGREEOFLATITUDEOFYOURPLACEPOSITIONBYTHESQUAREWITHTHELONGITUDETWO,GISMARKETAPPLICATIONTHEINFORMATIONOFTHECITYCHANGESINTOTHECITYGISDEVELOPMENTBROUGHTTHEOPPORTUNITYINREALITY,THECITYINFORMATIONTURNSPERFORMANCEASTHEGOVERNMENTMANAGESTOTURNARITHMETICFIGUREGOVERNMENTWITHTHEINFORMATIONOFTHEDECISION,THEBUSINESSENTERPRISEMANAGEMENT,DECISIONTURNARITHMETICFIGUREBUSINESSENTERPRISEWITHMINISTRANTINFORMATION,THEINFORMATIONOFTHECITIZENRYLIFETURNSARITHMETICFIGURECITYLIFE,NAMELYARITHMETICFIGURECITYTHISSHOWSTHAT,CITYGISISPARTTHATARITHMETICFIGURECITYMOSTCORE,CANISDIVIDEDINTOTHEGOVERNMENTGIS,BUSINESSENTERPRISEGISWITHTHESOCIALGISISSHOWNASDIAGRAMTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEARITHMETICFIGURECITY,REQUESTTHEGOVERNMENT,BUSINESSENTERPRISETOPASSTHEDATACORRESPONDENCENETWORKWITHTHESOCIALGISTHEGOVERNMENT,BUSINESSENTERPRISEWITHSOCIALATHEWHOLE,REALIZETHERESOURCESSHARETHEHISTORYGAVESUSTHECHINESETOOVERSTEPTHEOPPORTUNITYOFTHEOTHERSSPECIALLYTHEAMERICAN,CANADA,WESTERNEUROPEPERSONOCCUPIESTHEEXHAUSTEDFIRSTTIMINGINCOMMUNICATIONFOUNDATIONFACILITIES,GOVERNMENT,BUSINESSENTERPRISEINFORMATIONSYSTEMDEVELOPMENTS,INFORMATIONSYSTEMWITHEACHOTHERTHEMUTUALCOMMUNICATION,ANDDEVELOPMENTTHATFOURSTAGESOFNETWORKSOCIETY,ONLINECOMMUNITYFOLLOWTHESEQUENCEANDADVANCEGRADUALLYBUTATTHATTIMEOF3THETECHNIQUEOFGISS,THETECHNIQUEOFVRS,4DSDATASBLENDSTOGATHERTECHNIQUE,GISTHREEPERFORMANCETHETECHNIQUEDIDNOTRESEMBLELIKETHISMATURETODAYWITHCHEAPCITYCITYHALLWEBSITETHATVISITTHEUNITEDSTATES,WESTERNEUROPE,CANADA,AUSTRALIA,BASEONADATA,PERFORMANCE,ASKFORHELPTHECONJECTURETHEACTUALITYTHETECHNICALRAREANDPRECIOUSTHINGSTIMECREATESWITHMARKETFORUSTHEIMPORTANTHISTORYOPPORTUNITYTHATOVERSTEPTHISOPPORTUNITYISANARITHMETICFIGURECITYINSIDETHREEWITHTECHNICALDEVELOPMENTINVRWITHAPPLYHOLDTIGHTTHEOPPORTUNITY,THEARITHMETICFIGURECITYOFTHEOURCOUNTRYWILLYIELDUNUSUALLYBRILLIANTRESULTSWETHINKTHATTHECHINESEARITHMETICFIGURECITYSPECIALFEATURESSHOULDPOSITIONATDEVELOPMENTSHAVETHEPUBLICTERRACEININFORMATIONINGEOGRAPHYINFOUNDATIONINACITYOFDATA;DEVELOPMENTSWITHTHETECHNIQUEOFVRFORMAINCITYPLANNING,DEVELOPMENTSWITHMANAGEBUSINESSPROFESSIONAPPLICATIONSYSTEMCONCENTRATETHEAPPLIEDSTRATEGYSYSTEMINTECHNIQUETHATROBSHARETHEARITHMETICFIGURECITY43VRSALITTLEBITHIGH,BECOMETHESPECIALFEATURESOFTHECHINESEARITHMETICFIGURECITY43VRS,EXPANDTHESPECIALMARKETINCITYINCHINESEARITHMETICFIGURESPACEALONGWITHTHESOCIALDEVELOPMENT,THETRANSPORTATIONCIRCUITINCREASESCONTINUOUSLY,THETRANSPORTATIONNETWORKEXTENDSCONTINUOUSLY,APPLYINGTHEGISTHISANADVANCEDSPACEMANAGEMENTPROJECT,REALIZETHETRANSPORTATIONMANAGEOFCANSEETOTURNTOTURNWITHTHEPRECISION,TODAYDEVELOPPEDINTHETRANSPORTATIONHIGHSPEEDSEEMTOBEPARTICULARLYFORURGENTMANAGEMENTTOINGREALIZESEFFECTIVELY,THETRANSPORTATIONCOMPANYUSUALLYNEEDTOPROCEEDEVERYKINDOFLOGISTICSINFORMATIONTOANALYSISAFTERHANDLING,BECOMEANINTEGRALWHOLETURNTOSEETHEDIAGRAMTHESEINTEGRALWHOLESESTURNTOSEETHEDIAGRAMCANINCLUDECUSTOMERTHEPOSITION;WHICHISCUSTOMERPASSORSERVETHENEEDWITHTHEQUICK;THEDEMANDADJUSTSASPEEDFORWHICHPROPERTIES,BUTTHESEPROPERTIESESBEPLACEDINAGAINWHERE,ANDTHEYCANMUCHQUICKLYSENDSTOREACHTHETOPROVIDEFORTHECUSTOMERINTHISASINGLEGLANCETAKESINALLSAWTHEHELPOFTHEDIAGRAM,YOURCOMPANYCANINTHEMOSTSHORTTIMEAPPROPRIATEPRODUCTORPRODUCTSREPAIRTHESERVICE,MAKINGYOURMANAGEMENTATTAINTHERESULTOFTHEHALFEFFORTANDDOUBLERESULTSTHESPEEDISTHEFREIGHTTRANSPORTATIONOFTHEUNITEDSTATESWITHGOTOGETHERWITHTOSENDTHECOMPANY,ITAVERAGEEVERYDAYDELIVERSCARGOTHEMILEAGEANDTHENAMOUNTTO3,000,000KILOMETERSFORRESOLVETHEROUTECHOICEAVAILABLYWITHADJUSTANETCPROBLEM,PROCEEDCLOSEATHANDTHESTOCKANALYZESWITHCORRESPONDENCE,THATCOMPANYATNEAR1000PEDESTALWORKSTATIONUPPERPARTOFFICEGISAPPLICATIONPROJECT,MANAGEITSROUTETHEANALYSISWITHSOLIDHOURADJUSTASYSTEM,TOINCREASETOGOTOGETHERWITHTOSENDTHEEFFICIENCYWITHEFFICIENTLYSATISFYINTOGOODSREQUESTCLEARCIRCUITDI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