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外文翻译--关于万维网新时代的学报 英文版.pdf

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外文翻译--关于万维网新时代的学报 英文版.pdf

WEBSEMANTICSSCIENCE,SERVICESANDAGENTSONTHEWORLDWIDEWEB120031–5EDITORIALANEWJOURNALFORANEWERAOFTHEWORLDWIDEWEBWEAREDELIGHTEDTOWELCOMEYOUTOTHEFIRSTISSUEOFTHEJOURNALOFWEBSEMANTICSWITHYOURHELPWEAIMTOMAKETHISJOURNALTHEPREMIERPUBLICATIONFORANEWERAOFCOMPUTINGONEINWHICHMACHINEREADABLESEMANTICSENABLEANINTELLIGENTLYCAPABLEWEBTHE“SEMANTICWEB”ISTHEMOSTWELLKNOWNVERSIONOFTHISNEWVISION,AND,DESPITEITSRELATIVEYOUTH,HASALREADYPROMOTEDAFLURRYOFACTIONFROMEXCITINGNEWRESEARCHTOTHEDEPLOYMENTOFINDUSTRIALSTANDARDS;FROMACADEMICEXPERIMENTALPROTOTYPESTOCOMMERCIALENDEAVOURSWEAREATTHECENTREOFAMAELSTROMOFACTIVITYTHELANGUAGESNEEDEDTODEFINETHESEMANTICWEB;THEARCHITECTURALCOMPONENTSANDTOOLSNEEDEDTOBUILDANDMAINTAINIT;THECONTENTNECESSARYTOUSEIT;ANDTHEAPPLICATIONSTHATWILLEXPLOITIT–ALLTHESEACTIVITIESAREHAPPENINGATONCEANDYETAREINTERDEPENDENTTHISMAKESTHESEMANTICWEBANEXCITINGPLACEFIRST,AFEWQUESTIONSWHATARE“WEBSEMANTICS”,WHATTECHNOLOGIESDOWENEEDTODELIVERSEMANTICSTOTHEWEBANDHOWMIGHTTHEYBEUSEDBYWEBBASEDAPPLICATIONSGIVENTHEWIDERANGEANDRELATIVEMATURITYOFACTIVITIESINTHECOMMUNITY,HOWWILLTHISJOURNALPROVIDETHEBREADTHANDDEPTHNEEDED,ANDHOWWILLITITSELFBECOMEPARTOFTHESEMANTICWEBHOWDOESTHISFIRSTISSUEREFLECTTHEAMBITIONSOFTHESEMANTICWEBANDSETTHETONEFORTHEJOURNALOFWEBSEMANTICSNOW,AFEWANSWERS1SCIENCE,SERVICESANDAGENTSONTHEWORLDWIDEWEBTHEURGETOFIND,COLLECT,STOREANDSHAREINFORMATIONHASALWAYSBEENWITHMANKINDTHEWEBHASMADETHISEASIERTHANEVERITHASREVOLUTIONIZEDTHEWAYWESEEKINFORMATIONITHASBROUGHTDEMOCRACYTOPUBLICATIONITHASSPEEDEDUPTHEDISSEMINATIONOFFACTS,ASWELLASFICTIONS,TOAGLOBALCOMMUNITYITOFFERSAUBIQUITOUSINTERFACETODATABASESANDDOCUMENTMANAGEMENTSYSTEMSANDAUNIVERSALCONNECTIVEFABRICFORINTRANETSASWELLASTHEINTERNETTHEGOODNEWSISTHATIFYOUNEEDAPIECEOFINFORMATIONITISSURETOBEAVAILABLETOYOUSOMEWHERETHEPROBLEMISHOWTOFINDITANDHOWTOINTEGRATEDIFFERENTPIECESINAMEANINGFULWAYDOCUMENTMANAGEMENTSYSTEMSANDSEARCHENGINESDONOTPROVIDEANSWERSTHEYOFFERMOREORLESSRELEVANTDOCUMENTSTOBEINTERPRETEDBYTHEHUMANREADERAQUERYTOADATABASEONLYPROVIDESEXACTANSWERSANDCANNOTSUGGESTRESULTSBEYONDITSCURRENTCONTENTTOSEARCHFORANDLINKINFORMATION,APERSONORSOMESPECIFICAPPLICATIONMUSTINTERPRETTHECONTENTOFTHESEINFORMATIONRESOURCESTOMAKETHECONTENTSOFDOCUMENTSANDTHELINKSBETWEENTHEMGENERALLYMACHINEINTERPRETABLE,TOMAKETHECONTENTSOFDATABASESINTERPRETABLEONACONCEPTUALLEVEL,WEMUSTASSOCIATEWITHWEBRESOURCESMETADATATHATCONVEYSTHEIRSEMANTICSHENCETHESEMANTICWEB1THESEMANTICWEBDOESNOTREPLACETHEWEB;ITOFFERSANINTEGRATINGDESCRIPTIVEFABRICALONGSIDETHEWEBFORSEARCHENGINES,INFORMATIONBROKERSANDULTIMATELY‘INTELLIGENT’AGENTSNOONETECHNOLOGYHOLDSTHEMONOPOLYOFWEBSEMANTICSFOREXAMPLEUNDERPINNINGMETADATAWITHPRECISEANDSHAREDSEMANTICSREQUIRESONTOLOGIESTOPROVIDEACONSENSUAL,SHAREDCONCEPTUALIZATIONOFADOMAINBASEDONACONSENSUSBUILDINGPROCESSSEE2ANDDILLETALINTHISISSUE15708268/–SEEFRONTMATTER2003ELSEVIERBVALLRIGHTSRESERVEDDOI101016/JWEBSEM2003090022EDITORIAL/WEBSEMANTICSSCIENCE,SERVICESANDAGENTSONTHEWORLDWIDEWEB120031–5ONTOLOGIESRELYONFORMALKNOWLEDGEREPRESENTATIONLANGUAGESTHATINTEGRATEASPECTSOFFORMALLANGUAGESWITHTHEREQUIREMENTSOFTHEWEBTHEWEBONTOLOGYWORKINGGROUPOFW3C,RECENTLYPROPOSEDOWLASTHEONTOLOGYLANGUAGEFORTHESEMANTICWEBSEEHORROCKSETALINTHISISSUEWEBSERVICESBRINGACOMPUTATIONALELEMENTFORACCESSINGANDEXECUTINGSOFTWARECOMPONENTSANDAPPLICATIONSDEVELOPMENTSSUCHASDAMLS3ANDTHEWEBSERVICEMODELINGFRAMEWORK4AIMATINTEGRATINGSEMANTICWEBMETHODSWITHWEBSERVICES,TOENABLEAUTOMATICSERVICEDISCOVERY,CONFIGURATIONANDEXECUTIONSEESYCARAETALINTHISISSUEAGENTSBENEFITFROMTHEDECLARATIVEFRAMEWORK;AGENTBASEDSYSTEMSWILLEVOLVEINTOEFFECTIVESYSTEMSONCEMOREMACHINEINTERPRETABLECONTENTANDINTELLIGENTSERVICESAREAVAILABLEONTHEWEB5DATABASEVIEWMANAGEMENT,SCHEMATRANSFORMATION,SCHEMAINTEGRATION,ANDQUERYPROCESSINGOFFERAPLETHORAOFEXPERIENCEINSCALEABLESEMANTICTECHNOLOGIESSEEMELNIKETALINTHISISSUECOMBINEDWITHTHESTRENGTHSINTRANSACTIONSASPECTSANDSCALABILITY,THEDATABASEAREAWILLBEANIMPORTANTCONTRIBUTORTOTHEFURTHERDEVELOPMENTOFSEMANTICWEBAPPLICATIONS6THEWEBISNOTTHEONLYDISTRIBUTEDCOMPUTINGINFRASTRUCTURETHATCANBENEFITFROMSEMANTICSWEAREBEGINNINGTOSEETHEINTEGRATIONOFSEMANTICASPECTSINTOPEERTOPEERSYSTEMSANDTHEGRIDPEERSELECTIONORMESSAGEROUTINGCANBEOPTIMIZEDBYHAVINGMORESEMANTICINFORMATIONAVAILABLEABOUTTHESERVICESAPEEROFFERSORTHEINFORMATIONAPEERISSTORINGSEEABERERETALINTHISISSUETHEMERGINGOFGRIDCAPABILITIESWITHWEBSERVICESTHEOPENGRIDSERVICEARCHITECTUREANDDEVELOPMENTSINSEMANTICGRIDSENABLETHEDYNAMICFORMULATIONOF“VIRTUALORGANIZATIONS”OFGRIDRESOURCESANDTHEINTEGRATIONOFDATAFROMDIFFERENTSOURCESINASEMANTICALLYCONSISTENTWAY7,8MANYAPPLICATIONAREASANDINDUSTRYSECTORSALREADYBENEFIT,ORWILLCOMETODOSO,FROMTHENEWSEMANTICINFRASTRUCTURETHATEVOLVESECOMMERCE,ORENTERPRISEAPPLICATIONINTEGRATION,GAINANEWLEVELOFFLEXIBILITYFORRUNNINGBUSINESSTOBUSINESSAPPLICATIONSORNETWORKEDENTERPRISESESCIENCE,EXPLOITINGSEMANTICGRIDTECHNOLOGIES,WILLALLOWNEWWAYSOFCOOPERATIONAMONGSCIENTISTSANDTHUSENABLEANEWLEVELOFSYNERGYBETWEENRESEARCHERSWORKINGINDIFFERENTINSTITUTIONSANDLOCATIONS9NEWGENERATIONKNOWLEDGEMANAGEMENTSOLUTIONSINWHICHKNOWLEDGEMANAGEMENTISANEFFORTLESSPARTOFDAYTODA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