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外文翻译--关于矿用提升机、绞车发展的分析与技术政策探讨.doc

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外文翻译--关于矿用提升机、绞车发展的分析与技术政策探讨.doc

徐州工程学院毕业设计论文1附录附录一英文资料Withregardtominehoist,winchDevelopment,analysisandtechnologypolicyofInthispaperthecontentsofthedomestichoist,winchandlevelofdevelopmentoftheindustry,foreigntechnologicaldevelopmentpotential.Chinashoist,winchindustrytechnologydevelopmentpolicies,measuresandrecommendationswerealsodiscussed.thedomestichoistwinchandlevelofdevelopmentoftheindustryandthemininghoistwinchincluding12seriesofproducts,specificationmodels156,100departmentsandsystemmanufacturersmorethananannualoutputofnearly2millionunits,withatotaloutputof45thousandTaiwan.ChinaMineHoistandwinchindustrieshaveestablishedmorethan40yearsofgreatdevelopmentfromscratch,fromthemappingimitationtoindependentdesign,fromthestandalonemanufacturingdevelopmenttoseriesproduction.Tothepresent,seriesofvarietieshasbeenbasicallycomplete,andformulatethecorrespondingdepartmentstandardsandnationalstandards,basicallymeettheneedsofChinasmineproduction.1.FushunminehoistheavymachineryplantsincetheSovietUnionin1953,productionofimitationofChinasfirstsingleropewindingdoublebarreldiameterof2.5mMineHoistandLuoyangMiningMachineryPlantin1958designedthefirstprototypeofourmultiropeFrictionhoistDJ2x4modelhasproducedatotalofmorethan4,000setsofvariouselevator.Fromthe1965seriesofstandardizationwork,respectively,developedasingleropeandmultiropetwoseriesofstandards.Mysingleropewindingtheliftandmultiropefrictionhoistproductlevelisequivalenttothelatesixtiesandabroad,theearlyseventies,andtoindustriallydevelopedcountrieslagbehindcomparedtoabout15a20years.2.MinewinderJinzhouMiningMachineryPlantinJapansince1950,surveyingandmappingproduction75HPwinchesandheavyequipmentfrom55yearsofFushunimitationSuBon1.2,Bj1.6mhoisthasproducedavarietyofhoistupmorethan25,000Taiwan.Standardizationworkbeganin1959,atotalofdevelopedJTP,JTK,JT80otype3seriesofstandards.Hoistisequivalenttothelevelofforeignearlyseventies.3.DispatchingwinchmappingproducedinChinasince1951inJapanandtheinternalgearwinchesmanufacturedin1953,theSovietUnionthreesuccessivemappingspecifications,schedulingwinch.Nowthenationalannualoutputofapproximatelyathousandunits,nearlyahundredmanufacturers.In1967,begunto徐州工程学院毕业设计论文2developstandardsfordispatchingwinch.Schedulingwinchhasreachedthelateseventiesabroadtheleveloftheearlyeighties.4.RakeminehoistJinzhouMiningMachineryPlantin1954begantoimitatetheSovietUnionafewJIYa15typerakeminewinch,thenationproducedatotalofnearly22000rakeminehoistunits.1967seriesofstandardswork.RakeMineinChinahascaughtupwiththewinchworldadvancedlevel.5.SinkingwinchJinanHeavyMachineryin1955beganproducing555T,8Ttwokindsofstandarddrillingwinchhasproducedatotalofmorethan3,500unitsin1965developedthefirstseriesofstandards.Sinkingwinchisequivalenttothelateseventiestheforeignleveloftheearlyeighties.6.PropwinchHuainanCoalMineMachineryPlantin1951begantodesignandproductionofthe2015typepropwinch,thenationstotalproductionofmorethan23,000units.1959seriesofstandardsworkin1971,theDepartmentdevelopedthefirststandard.Isequivalenttothelevelofthelateseventiesabroad.7.DamperwinchJinzhouMiningMachineryPlantin1955createdthefakeSuChinasfirsttyphoondoorwinchRally2thasbeenthreedecadesproducedatotalofabout2,500units.LiaoningProvincein1980,establishedstandards,developedin1985,theMinistryofstandards.8.PneumaticwinchwasfirstproposedbyJinzhouMiningMachineryPlantMappingtheSovietUniononT12pneumaticgraincart,1965KamDongfengCoalMineMachineryFactoryandtheShanghaiSurveyingandMappingSwedensincetheaerodynamicprofilevehicles,mainlyfromShanghaiDongfengMachineryFactoryandtheChongqingminingmachineryplantin,totaloutputofnearly2,500.1976seriesofstandardsworkinitiatedin1978developedthefirstseriesofstandards.Aconsiderablelevelofforeignearlyeighties.ChinaMineHoistandwinchintheSeventhFiveYearperiodsawrapiddevelopment1.ManufacturersfromthepastmainlybytheMinistryofMachineBuildingProductionextendedtocoal,metallurgical,chemical,buildingmaterialssystemssuchastheMinistryofshizuimetallurgicalmachinerymaintenancefactory,Hunan,coalminingequipmentmanufacturing.......Wasoriginallydoneminingmachinespareparts,repairvehiclesandplantarealsoconvertingthestemrakeminewinder,manufacturersincreasedproductionofdispatchingwinchtherearehundredandupgrademorethan40graincars.Manufacturersmoreproductivebig,fiercecompetitionamongthevariousplantsareconducivetomutualpromotionandimproveproductstandardsandqualityofvariousplantshavepaidattentiontotheproductionofsparepartsandcustomerservice.2.Cultivarsasignificantincreaseincompleteseriesofvarieties,andsomeminorimprovementofdevelopmentofderivativeproducts,suchasheavymineralssince1980,Kammining,mountainmachines,Huainancoalmachine,Hunanandotherplantshavedevelopedsevenkindsofformsofexplosionproofhoist,widenthetypehoistandsoon.Inrecentyears,Kammine,Xumineshavedevelopedthetransportwinches,anddevelopedthestandard.Jinminedevelopeda90,110kwpowerrakeminewinch.LuoMinedevelopedafloortypemultiropeWinder.Economicweight,徐州工程学院毕业设计论文3Kamminehasdevelopedalargetonnage40tlargeamountofdrillingcapacitywinchrope...3.Standardizationlevelsweremuchimproved,areactivelyadoptinternationalstandardsandforeignadvancedstandardssince1980,theseriesofhoistandwinches,andisequivalenttouseofphotostakenbyboththeforeignadvancedstandards,therevisionandenactmentofnewnationalstandardandthenewMinistrystandard.1982KamminesminingmachinerydevelopedthefirstnationalstandardGB3470a83rakeminewinchtypeandparameters.Inaddition,therehoist,drillingwinch,pneumaticwinch,winch,etc.Transporthasdevelopedanewnationalstandard,thenewdepartmentstandard.Inadditiontotypeparameter,butalsodevelopedstandardsfortechnicalconditions.Scheduling,shaftsinking,raise,rakeandothermineralproductsdepartmenthasalsodevelopedstandardsfortestmethods.Hoist,rake,etc.alsobookedminewinchparts,accessoriesstandard.Productexcellencehasalsodevelopedinternalcontrolstandardsandgradingrequirements.4.Productqualityandlevelofarelativelysubstantialincreasein65periodtheplantswerecarriedouttotalqualitymanagement,productexcellenceandtheQCgroupactivities.Strengthenedenterprisemanagement,productqualityandlevelofincrease.5.TheplantsstartingtofocusontestingthebuildingindustryintheLuoyangInstituteofconstructionandminingequipmenttestingcenter,hasbeencarryingoutsomeoftheproductstesting.Theleadingmanufacturerofvariousproductsintheconstructionofproducttestingpoint.6.AndabroadfortechnicalexchangesandtechnologytransferworkstartedoffLuoMineHoistimportedfromWestGermanywiththeplanetarygearreducermanufacturingtechnologyandtheintroductionoflargescaleelevatorfromtheSwedishmanufacturingtechnology.Exportofproductsalsobegantograduallyentertheinternationalmarket.From1950to2990thousandsetswereexportedfromhoistequipment.Second,ChinastechnologydevelopmentpoliciesofThroughmultipleresearchandparticipationintheindustryforplanningwork,seeourminehoistandwinchintermsofproductionvolume,variety,qualityandlevelofdevelopmentandhaveagreatdealhasbeengenerallyadequatetomeettheneedsofChinasmineproductionHowever,whencomparedwithforeignadvancedlevel,accordingtominesandminingdevelopmentofproductionprocessesthereisalargegapbetweentheneedforreform.Inordertominepatternswiththeliftandthecarindustrytobetterservethenationaleconomicdevelopment,servicesonenergyandminingindustriesinaccordancewiththeusersrequirementsandtheanalysisofthestatusquoontheindustry,inaccordancewith85period,thestaterelatedtechnicalequipment,policies,andwithreferencetosomeforeigncountries,itisrecommendedtorelyonscientificandtechnologicalprogress,andmakeconcertedeffortstocatchupwithforeignadvancedlevel.Todaysworld,therapiddevelopmentofscienceandtechnology,butalsofacinganeweraoftechnologicalrevolution.Theindustryssuccessdependsontheirlevelofscientificandtechnologicalprogress.Developmentoftheindustryisnotonlytheamountofdevelopment,butthequalityoftheupgraded徐州工程学院毕业设计论文4andimproved.HoistandwinchonChinastechnologicaldevelopmentpoliciestomakethefollowingstudy.1.DevelopmentdirectionandgoalsEachproducttheleadingmanufacturerandmainproductionplant,athomeandabroadshouldconductaninvestigation,carefulconsiderationandanalysisoftheviewsofusersarounditsproductsaccuratelyidentifyproblemsandgapsinthecontrolofforeignadvancedlevel,selectingtherightdirection,targetanddeveloptheirowncatchupplantostriveforthe85nottoconductareplacement,allreachtheworldadvancedlevelineighties.Someproductstrytocatchupwiththeworldadvancedlevelintheearlynineties,allaccesstointernationalmarkets,expandexports,moreforeignexchange.MineHoistthemaindevelopmentdirectionistoamultirope,largescaledirection.Singleropewindingtypeandmultiropefrictionhoistshouldstrivetodevelopnewtypesofspecialliftingequipmenttoachievefullautomationandremotecontrol.Tomeetthedeep,speciallargeshallowcontainerrequirements,developmentofmultiropehoistwindingandslope,inclinedmoreropeWinder.Explosionproofhoistshouldbetosolvetheproblemaspriority.Rakeminewinchshouldbedeveloped,goodpowerandmultistandardrakeminehoist,improveandperfectdistancecontrolledwinch,themanipulationofthecontrolsystemperformance,developingautomaticrakeminewinch.Sinkingpatternshouldfocusonthedevelopmentofcargraincarsandmobiledrillingunitstosolvealotofelectricalwinchsuspendedcentralizedcontrolandthedevelopmentofcapacityamountofdrillingwinchrope.Winddrivenwinchmaindevelopmentdirectionistowardsthedirectionofsemiautomatedandremotecontrol,anddevelopavarietyofnew,dedicated,highpoweredpneumaticwinch.Avarietyofminehoistandwincheshavebeenactivelyusingthenewstructure,anewmaterial,newtechniques,newtechnologies,developnewproductsandtechnologiestoimproveproductperformanceandproductsafety,reliability,durability,economyandimprovethequalityandintegratedtechnology.2.MeasuresandSuggestions1doagoodjobupgradingproductdesign,firstofallscientificandtechnicalpersonnelshoulddoagoodjobknowledgeupdate.Scientificandtechnologicalpersonnelshouldbeorganizedtolearntheindustryandtheadoptionofmoderndesignmethods,suchasoptimaldesign,reliability,designandcomputeraideddesignmethods.Innovationinthetraditionalanalogdesignmethodstoimprovethedesignstandardsinordertoensurethattheadvancednatureoftheproductandtoimprovethenewproductdesigndemonstrationandsolicittheviewsofusers.2todoagoodjobofnewproductdesigntoimprovethenewstructure,newmaterials,newtechnologiesstudied.Toimprovebasicpiecesofresearchtrials,sothatthedesignofthereplacementproductsarebuiltonareliablebasis.Themanufactureofnewproductstochooseadvancedandreasonableprocesstoensureproductquality.3assoonaspossiblebythecompletionoforemininginLosmachineryindustryinproducttestingcenterandtheleadingmanufacturerofproductsintotheir

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