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外文翻译--关于矿用提升机、绞车发展的分析与技术政策探讨.doc

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外文翻译--关于矿用提升机、绞车发展的分析与技术政策探讨.doc

徐州工程学院毕业设计论文1附录附录一英文资料WITHREGARDTOMINEHOIST,WINCHDEVELOPMENT,ANALYSISANDTECHNOLOGYPOLICYOFINTHISPAPERTHECONTENTSOFTHEDOMESTICHOIST,WINCHANDLEVELOFDEVELOPMENTOFTHEINDUSTRY,FOREIGNTECHNOLOGICALDEVELOPMENTPOTENTIALCHINASHOIST,WINCHINDUSTRYTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTPOLICIES,MEASURESANDRECOMMENDATIONSWEREALSODISCUSSEDTHEDOMESTICHOISTWINCHANDLEVELOFDEVELOPMENTOFTHEINDUSTRYANDTHEMININGHOISTWINCHINCLUDING12SERIESOFPRODUCTS,SPECIFICATIONMODELS156,100DEPARTMENTSANDSYSTEMMANUFACTURERSMORETHANANANNUALOUTPUTOFNEARLY2MILLIONUNITS,WITHATOTALOUTPUTOF45THOUSANDTAIWANCHINAMINEHOISTANDWINCHINDUSTRIESHAVEESTABLISHEDMORETHAN40YEARSOFGREATDEVELOPMENTFROMSCRATCH,FROMTHEMAPPINGIMITATIONTOINDEPENDENTDESIGN,FROMTHESTANDALONEMANUFACTURINGDEVELOPMENTTOSERIESPRODUCTIONTOTHEPRESENT,SERIESOFVARIETIESHASBEENBASICALLYCOMPLETE,ANDFORMULATETHECORRESPONDINGDEPARTMENTSTANDARDSANDNATIONALSTANDARDS,BASICALLYMEETTHENEEDSOFCHINASMINEPRODUCTION1FUSHUNMINEHOISTHEAVYMACHINERYPLANTSINCETHESOVIETUNIONIN1953,PRODUCTIONOFIMITATIONOFCHINASFIRSTSINGLEROPEWINDINGDOUBLEBARRELDIAMETEROF25MMINEHOISTANDLUOYANGMININGMACHINERYPLANTIN1958DESIGNEDTHEFIRSTPROTOTYPEOFOURMULTIROPEFRICTIONHOISTDJ2X4MODELHASPRODUCEDATOTALOFMORETHAN4,000SETSOFVARIOUSELEVATORFROMTHE1965SERIESOFSTANDARDIZATIONWORK,RESPECTIVELY,DEVELOPEDASINGLEROPEANDMULTIROPETWOSERIESOFSTANDARDSMYSINGLEROPEWINDINGTHELIFTANDMULTIROPEFRICTIONHOISTPRODUCTLEVELISEQUIVALENTTOTHELATESIXTIESANDABROAD,THEEARLYSEVENTIES,ANDTOINDUSTRIALLYDEVELOPEDCOUNTRIESLAGBEHINDCOMPAREDTOABOUT15A20YEARS2MINEWINDERJINZHOUMININGMACHINERYPLANTINJAPANSINCE1950,SURVEYINGANDMAPPINGPRODUCTION75HPWINCHESANDHEAVYEQUIPMENTFROM55YEARSOFFUSHUNIMITATIONSUBON12,BJ16MHOISTHASPRODUCEDAVARIETYOFHOISTUPMORETHAN25,000TAIWANSTANDARDIZATIONWORKBEGANIN1959,ATOTALOFDEVELOPEDJTP,JTK,JT80OTYPE3SERIESOFSTANDARDSHOISTISEQUIVALENTTOTHELEVELOFFOREIGNEARLYSEVENTIES3DISPATCHINGWINCHMAPPINGPRODUCEDINCHINASINCE1951INJAPANANDTHEINTERNALGEARWINCHESMANUFACTUREDIN1953,THESOVIETUNIONTHREESUCCESSIVEMAPPINGSPECIFICATIONS,SCHEDULINGWINCHNOWTHENATIONALANNUALOUTPUTOFAPPROXIMATELYATHOUSANDUNITS,NEARLYAHUNDREDMANUFACTURERSIN1967,BEGUNTO徐州工程学院毕业设计论文2DEVELOPSTANDARDSFORDISPATCHINGWINCHSCHEDULINGWINCHHASREACHEDTHELATESEVENTIESABROADTHELEVELOFTHEEARLYEIGHTIES4RAKEMINEHOISTJINZHOUMININGMACHINERYPLANTIN1954BEGANTOIMITATETHESOVIETUNIONAFEWJIYA15TYPERAKEMINEWINCH,THENATIONPRODUCEDATOTALOFNEARLY22000RAKEMINEHOISTUNITS1967SERIESOFSTANDARDSWORKRAKEMINEINCHINAHASCAUGHTUPWITHTHEWINCHWORLDADVANCEDLEVEL5SINKINGWINCHJINANHEAVYMACHINERYIN1955BEGANPRODUCING555T,8TTWOKINDSOFSTANDARDDRILLINGWINCHHASPRODUCEDATOTALOFMORETHAN3,500UNITSIN1965DEVELOPEDTHEFIRSTSERIESOFSTANDARDSSINKINGWINCHISEQUIVALENTTOTHELATESEVENTIESTHEFOREIGNLEVELOFTHEEARLYEIGHTIES6PROPWINCHHUAINANCOALMINEMACHINERYPLANTIN1951BEGANTODESIGNANDPRODUCTIONOFTHE2015TYPEPROPWINCH,THENATIONSTOTALPRODUCTIONOFMORETHAN23,000UNITS1959SERIESOFSTANDARDSWORKIN1971,THEDEPARTMENTDEVELOPEDTHEFIRSTSTANDARDISEQUIVALENTTOTHELEVELOFTHELATESEVENTIESABROAD7DAMPERWINCHJINZHOUMININGMACHINERYPLANTIN1955CREATEDTHEFAKESUCHINASFIRSTTYPHOONDOORWINCHRALLY2THASBEENTHREEDECADESPRODUCEDATOTALOFABOUT2,500UNITSLIAONINGPROVINCEIN1980,ESTABLISHEDSTANDARDS,DEVELOPEDIN1985,THEMINISTRYOFSTANDARDS8PNEUMATICWINCHWASFIRSTPROPOSEDBYJINZHOUMININGMACHINERYPLANTMAPPINGTHESOVIETUNIONONT12PNEUMATICGRAINCART,1965KAMDONGFENGCOALMINEMACHINERYFACTORYANDTHESHANGHAISURVEYINGANDMAPPINGSWEDENSINCETHEAERODYNAMICPROFILEVEHICLES,MAINLYFROMSHANGHAIDONGFENGMACHINERYFACTORYANDTHECHONGQINGMININGMACHINERYPLANTIN,TOTALOUTPUTOFNEARLY2,5001976SERIESOFSTANDARDSWORKINITIATEDIN1978DEVELOPEDTHEFIRSTSERIESOFSTANDARDSACONSIDERABLELEVELOFFOREIGNEARLYEIGHTIESCHINAMINEHOISTANDWINCHINTHESEVENTHFIVEYEARPERIODSAWRAPIDDEVELOPMENT1MANUFACTURERSFROMTHEPASTMAINLYBYTHEMINISTRYOFMACHINEBUILDINGPRODUCTIONEXTENDEDTOCOAL,METALLURGICAL,CHEMICAL,BUILDINGMATERIALSSYSTEMSSUCHASTHEMINISTRYOFSHIZUIMETALLURGICALMACHINERYMAINTENANCEFACTORY,HUNAN,COALMININGEQUIPMENTMANUFACTURINGWASORIGINALLYDONEMININGMACHINESPAREPARTS,REPAIRVEHICLESANDPLANTAREALSOCONVERTINGTHESTEMRAKEMINEWINDER,MANUFACTURERSINCREASEDPRODUCTIONOFDISPATCHINGWINCHTHEREAREHUNDREDANDUPGRADEMORETHAN40GRAINCARSMANUFACTURERSMOREPRODUCTIVEBIG,FIERCECOMPETITIONAMONGTHEVARIOUSPLANTSARECONDUCIVETOMUTUALPROMOTIONANDIMPROVEPRODUCTSTANDARDSANDQUALITYOFVARIOUSPLANTSHAVEPAIDATTENTIONTOTHEPRODUCTIONOFSPAREPARTSANDCUSTOMERSERVICE2CULTIVARSASIGNIFICANTINCREASEINCOMPLETESERIESOFVARIETIES,ANDSOMEMINORIMPROVEMENTOFDEVELOPMENTOFDERIVATIVEPRODUCTS,SUCHASHEAVYMINERALSSINCE1980,KAMMINING,MOUNTAINMACHINES,HUAINANCOALMACHINE,HUNANANDOTHERPLANTSHAVEDEVELOPEDSEVENKINDSOFFORMSOFEXPLOSIONPROOFHOIST,WIDENTHETYPEHOISTANDSOONINRECENTYEARS,KAMMINE,XUMINESHAVEDEVELOPEDTHETRANSPORTWINCHES,ANDDEVELOPEDTHESTANDARDJINMINEDEVELOPEDA90,110KWPOWERRAKEMINEWINCHLUOMINEDEVELOPEDAFLOORTYPEMULTIROPEWINDERECONOMICWEIGHT,徐州工程学院毕业设计论文3KAMMINEHASDEVELOPEDALARGETONNAGE40TLARGEAMOUNTOFDRILLINGCAPACITYWINCHROPE3STANDARDIZATIONLEVELSWEREMUCHIMPROVED,AREACTIVELYADOPTINTERNATIONALSTANDARDSANDFOREIGNADVANCEDSTANDARDSSINCE1980,THESERIESOFHOISTANDWINCHES,ANDISEQUIVALENTTOUSEOFPHOTOSTAKENBYBOTHTHEFOREIGNADVANCEDSTANDARDS,THEREVISIONANDENACTMENTOFNEWNATIONALSTANDARDANDTHENEWMINISTRYSTANDARD1982KAMMINESMININGMACHINERYDEVELOPEDTHEFIRSTNATIONALSTANDARDGB3470A83RAKEMINEWINCHTYPEANDPARAMETERSINADDITION,THEREHOIST,DRILLINGWINCH,PNEUMATICWINCH,WINCH,ETCTRANSPORTHASDEVELOPEDANEWNATIONALSTANDARD,THENEWDEPARTMENTSTANDARDINADDITIONTOTYPEPARAMETER,BUTALSODEVELOPEDSTANDARDSFORTECHNICALCONDITIONSSCHEDULING,SHAFTSINKING,RAISE,RAKEANDOTHERMINERALPRODUCTSDEPARTMENTHASALSODEVELOPEDSTANDARDSFORTESTMETHODSHOIST,RAKE,ETCALSOBOOKEDMINEWINCHPARTS,ACCESSORIESSTANDARDPRODUCTEXCELLENCEHASALSODEVELOPEDINTERNALCONTROLSTANDARDSANDGRADINGREQUIREMENTS4PRODUCTQUALITYANDLEVELOFARELATIVELYSUBSTANTIALINCREASEIN65PERIODTHEPLANTSWERECARRIEDOUTTOTALQUALITYMANAGEMENT,PRODUCTEXCELLENCEANDTHEQCGROUPACTIVITIESSTRENGTHENEDENTERPRISEMANAGEMENT,PRODUCTQUALITYANDLEVELOFINCREASE5THEPLANTSSTARTINGTOFOCUSONTESTINGTHEBUILDINGINDUSTRYINTHELUOYANGINSTITUTEOFCONSTRUCTIONANDMININGEQUIPMENTTESTINGCENTER,HASBEENCARRYINGOUTSOMEOFTHEPRODUCTSTESTINGTHELEADINGMANUFACTUREROFVARIOUSPRODUCTSINTHECONSTRUCTIONOFPRODUCTTESTINGPOINT6ANDABROADFORTECHNICALEXCHANGESANDTECHNOLOGYTRANSFERWORKSTARTEDOFFLUOMINEHOISTIMPORTEDFROMWESTGERMANYWITHTHEPLANETARYGEARREDUCERMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGYANDTHEINTRODUCTIONOFLARGESCALEELEVATORFROMTHESWEDISHMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGYEXPORTOFPRODUCTSALSOBEGANTOGRADUALLYENTERTHEINTERNATIONALMARKETFROM1950TO2990THOUSANDSETSWEREEXPORTEDFROMHOISTEQUIPMENTSECOND,CHINASTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTPOLICIESOFTHROUGHMULTIPLERESEARCHANDPARTICIPATIONINTHEINDUSTRYFORPLANNINGWORK,SEEOURMINEHOISTANDWINCHINTERMSOFPRODUCTIONVOLUME,VARIETY,QUALITYANDLEVELOFDEVELOPMENTANDHAVEAGREATDEALHASBEENGENERALLYADEQUATETOMEETTHENEEDSOFCHINASMINEPRODUCTIONHOWEVER,WHENCOMPAREDWITHFOREIGNADVANCEDLEVEL,ACCORDINGTOMINESANDMININGDEVELOPMENTOFPRODUCTIONPROCESSESTHEREISALARGEGAPBETWEENTHENEEDFORREFORMINORDERTOMINEPATTERNSWITHTHELIFTANDTHECARINDUSTRYTOBETTERSERVETHENATIONALECONOMICDEVELOPMENT,SERVICESONENERGYANDMININGINDUSTRIES;INACCORDANCEWITHTHEUSERSREQUIREMENTSANDTHEANALYSISOFTHESTATUSQUOONTHEINDUSTRY,INACCORDANCEWITH85PERIOD,THESTATERELATEDTECHNICALEQUIPMENT,POLICIES,ANDWITHREFERENCETOSOMEFOREIGNCOUNTRIES,ITISRECOMMENDEDTORELYONSCIENTIFICANDTECHNOLOGICALPROGRESS,ANDMAKECONCERTEDEFFORTSTOCATCHUPWITHFOREIGNADVANCEDLEVELTODAYSWORLD,THERAPIDDEVELOPMENTOFSCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGY,BUTALSOFACINGANEWERAOFTECHNOLOGICALREVOLUTIONTHEINDUSTRYSSUCCESSDEPENDSONTHEIRLEVELOFSCIENTIFICANDTECHNOLOGICALPROGRESSDEVELOPMENTOFTHEINDUSTRYISNOTONLYTHEAMOUNTOFDEVELOPMENT,BUTTHEQUALITYOFTHEUPGRADED徐州工程学院毕业设计论文4ANDIMPROVEDHOISTANDWINCHONCHINASTECHNOLOGICALDEVELOPMENTPOLICIESTOMAKETHEFOLLOWINGSTUDY1DEVELOPMENTDIRECTIONANDGOALSEACHPRODUCTTHELEADINGMANUFACTURERANDMAINPRODUCTIONPLANT,ATHOMEANDABROADSHOULDCONDUCTANINVESTIGATION,CAREFULCONSIDERATIONANDANALYSISOFTHEVIEWSOFUSERSAROUNDITSPRODUCTSACCURATELYIDENTIFYPROBLEMSANDGAPSINTHECONTROLOFFOREIGNADVANCEDLEVEL,SELECTINGTHERIGHTDIRECTION,TARGETANDDEVELOPTHEIROWNCATCHUPPLANTOSTRIVEFORTHE85NOTTOCONDUCTAREPLACEMENT,ALLREACHTHEWORLDADVANCEDLEVELINEIGHTIESSOMEPRODUCTSTRYTOCATCHUPWITHTHEWORLDADVANCEDLEVELINTHEEARLYNINETIES,ALLACCESSTOINTERNATIONALMARKETS,EXPANDEXPORTS,MOREFOREIGNEXCHANGEMINEHOISTTHEMAINDEVELOPMENTDIRECTIONISTOAMULTIROPE,LARGESCALEDIRECTIONSINGLEROPEWINDINGTYPEANDMULTIROPEFRICTIONHOISTSHOULDSTRIVETODEVELOPNEWTYPESOFSPECIALLIFTINGEQUIPMENTTOACHIEVEFULLAUTOMATIONANDREMOTECONTROLTOMEETTHEDEEP,SPECIALLARGESHALLOWCONTAINERREQUIREMENTS,DEVELOPMENTOFMULTIROPEHOISTWINDING;ANDSLOPE,INCLINEDMOREROPEWINDEREXPLOSIONPROOFHOISTSHOULDBETOSOLVETHEPROBLEMASPRIORITYRAKEMINEWINCHSHOULDBEDEVELOPED,GOODPOWERANDMULTISTANDARDRAKEMINEHOIST,IMPROVEANDPERFECTDISTANCECONTROLLEDWINCH,THEMANIPULATIONOFTHECONTROLSYSTEMPERFORMANCE,DEVELOPINGAUTOMATICRAKEMINEWINCHSINKINGPATTERNSHOULDFOCUSONTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCARGRAINCARSANDMOBILEDRILLINGUNITSTOSOLVEALOTOFELECTRICALWINCHSUSPENDEDCENTRALIZEDCONTROLANDTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCAPACITYAMOUNTOFDRILLINGWINCHROPEWINDDRIVENWINCHMAINDEVELOPMENTDIRECTIONISTOWARDSTHEDIRECTIONOFSEMIAUTOMATEDANDREMOTECONTROL,ANDDEVELOPAVARIETYOFNEW,DEDICATED,HIGHPOWEREDPNEUMATICWINCHAVARIETYOFMINEHOISTANDWINCHESHAVEBEENACTIVELYUSINGTHENEWSTRUCTURE,ANEWMATERIAL,NEWTECHNIQUES,NEWTECHNOLOGIES,DEVELOPNEWPRODUCTSANDTECHNOLOGIESTOIMPROVEPRODUCTPERFORMANCEANDPRODUCTSAFETY,RELIABILITY,DURABILITY,ECONOMYANDIMPROVETHEQUALITYANDINTEGRATEDTECHNOLOGY2MEASURESANDSUGGESTIONS1DOAGOODJOBUPGRADINGPRODUCTDESIGN,FIRSTOFALLSCIENTIFICANDTECHNICALPERSONNELSHOULDDOAGOODJOBKNOWLEDGEUPDATESCIENTIFICANDTECHNOLOGICALPERSONNELSHOULDBEORGANIZEDTOLEARNTHEINDUSTRYANDTHEADOPTIONOFMODERNDESIGNMETHODS,SUCHASOPTIMALDESIGN,RELIABILITY,DESIGNANDCOMPUTERAIDEDDESIGNMETHODSINNOVATIONINTHETRADITIONALANALOGDESIGNMETHODSTOIMPROVETHEDESIGNSTANDARDSINORDERTOENSURETHATTHEADVANCEDNATUREOFTHEPRODUCTANDTOIMPROVETHENEWPRODUCTDESIGNDEMONSTRATIONANDSOLICITTHEVIEWSOFUSERS2TODOAGOODJOBOFNEWPRODUCTDESIGNTOIMPROVETHENEWSTRUCTURE,NEWMATERIALS,NEWTECHNOLOGIESSTUDIEDTOIMPROVEBAS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