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外文翻译--可持续城市污水处理系统及其在中国的应用 英文版.pdf

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外文翻译--可持续城市污水处理系统及其在中国的应用 英文版.pdf

筑龙网WWWZHULONGCOMPLEASECITETHISARTICLEINPRESSASZHANGJ,ETAL,SUSTAINABLEURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMANDITSAPPLICATIONINCHINA,RESOURCESCONSERVRECYCL2007,DOI101016/JRESCONREC200610001ARTICLEINPRESSRECYCL1897;NOOFPAGES10RESOURCES,CONSERVATIONANDRECYCLINGXXX2007XXX–XXXSUSTAINABLEURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMANDITSAPPLICATIONINCHINAZHANGJIE,CAOXIANGSHENG∗,MENGXUEZHENGKEYLABORATORYOFBEIJINGFORWATERQUALITYSCIENCEANDWATERENVIRONMENTRESTORATIONENGINEERING,SCHOOLOFCIVILENGINEERING,BEIJINGUNIVERSITYOFTECHNOLOGY,BEIJING100022,CHINARECEIVED4AUGUST2006;RECEIVEDINREVISEDFORM30SEPTEMBER2006;ACCEPTED4OCTOBER2006ABSTRACTCHINAISFACINGWATERCRISISMORETHAN400CITIESARELACKINGENOUGHWATERRESOURCESANDMORETHANHALFRIVERSAREPOLLUTEDTOREALIZESUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENTINTHE21STCENTURY,WESHOULDFIRSTPROVIDEENOUGHWATERRESOURCESTOEVERYPERSONANDKEEPAFRIENDLY,LEISURELYWATERENVIRONMENTUNDERTHEIDEAOFSUSTAINABILITY,ACONCEPTFORASUSTAINABLEURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMSUSSISPUTFORWARDINTHISARTICLEANURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMCANNOTONLYBEABASICFACILITYFORDRAININGRAINWATERANDWASTEWATERTOPROTECTTHEURBANENVIRONMENTANDPUBLICWATERBODIES,BUTMUSTALSOCONTRIBUTETOTHERESTORATIONOFTHEWATERENVIRONMENTINORDERTOMAINTAINAHEALTHYSOCIALWATERCYCLEASUSSSHOULDBETHEBASISFORURBANWATERREUSEANDRECYCLINGASWELLASTHEFOCUSOFWATERRESOURCEREGENERATIONINAWATERSHEDANDTHECENTREOFTHERECYCLINGOFNUTRIENTSSUSSPRACTICESINTHESHENZHENSPECIALECONOMICZONEANDTHEBEIJINGREGIONINCHINAAREINTRODUCED2006ELSEVIERBVALLRIGHTSRESERVEDKEYWORDSWATER;RESOURCES;WASTEWATER;REUSE;SUSTAINABILITY;CHINA1INTRODUCTIONWATERRESOURCESINCHINAARESCARCEACCORDINGTOCHINABULLETINOFWATERRESOURCESPUBLISHEDBYCHINAMINISTRYOFWATERRESOURCES,IN2004,THETOTALAMOUNTOFWATER∗CORRESPONDINGAUTHORATNO100,PINGLEYUAN,CHAOYANGDISTRICT,COLLEGEOFCIVILENGINEERING,BEIJINGUNIVERSITYOFTECHNOLOGY,BEIJING100022,CHINATEL861067392579;FAX861067392579EMAILADDRESSCAO0531BJUTEDUCNXSCAO09213449/–SEEFRONTMATTER2006ELSEVIERBVALLRIGHTSRESERVEDDOI101016/JRESCONREC200610001筑龙网WWWZHULONGCOMPLEASECITETHISARTICLEINPRESSASZHANGJ,ETAL,SUSTAINABLEURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMANDITSAPPLICATIONINCHINA,RESOURCESCONSERVRECYCL2007,DOI101016/JRESCONREC200610001ARTICLEINPRESSRECYCL1897;NOOFPAGES102JZHANGETAL/RESOURCES,CONSERVATIONANDRECYCLINGXXX2007XXX–XXXRESOURCESINCHINAIS24131013M3ITISEQUALTO1856M3PERCAPITAPERYEARAMONGTHESE,23,THATIS55481012M3,WASUSEDFORAGRICULTURAL,INDUSTRYANDDOMESTICACTIVITIESATTHESAMETIME,6930108M3WASTEWATERWASDISCHARGEDFROMCHINESECITIESNOMORETHANHALFAMOUNTSWERESUBJECTTOTHESECONDARYTREATMENTMORETHANHALFRIVERSINCHINAARETERRIBLYPOLLUTEDGAOETAL,2006TOTACKLETHEWATERCRISIS,THEGOVERNMENTOFCHINAHADPUBLISHEDALOTOFREGULATIONS;RESEARCHESHADSUGGESTEDALOTOFSTRATEGIES;ENGINEERSHADPLANNEDANDCONSTRUCTEDMANYWATERSUPPLIESANDWASTEWATERTREATMENTPROJECTSBAIETAL,2006;HEANDXING,2006;PANETAL,2006BUTWITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCHINESEECONOMICS,WATERRESOURCESISBECOMINGINCREASINGDEFICIENTANDTHEQUALITYOFENVIRONMENTCONSTANTLYBECOMINGWORSEINMOSTREGIONSOFCHINAANEWWATERUSEANDTREATMENTSTRATEGYMUSTBEESTABLISHEDTOTACKLETHEWATERPROBLEMSOFCHINAANDTOREALIZETHESUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENTTHEFUNCTIONINGOFURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMSBASEDONTRADITIONALCONCEPTSISNOTSUSTAINABLE;ITNEEDSTOBECHANGEDANURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMCANNOTONLYBEABASICFACILITYFORDRAININGRAINWATERANDWASTEWATERTOPROTECTTHEURBANENVIRONMENTANDPUBLICWATERBODIES,BUTMUSTALSOCONTRIBUTETOTHERESTORATIONOFTHEWATERENVIRONMENTINORDERTOMAINTAINAHEALTHYSOCIALWATERCYCLEASOCIALWATERCYCLEISDEFINEDASASYSTEMTHATINCLUDESDRAWINGWATERFROMNATURALBODIES,UTILIZINGITANDDISCHARGINGITBACKTOTHEWATERBODIESZHANG,2001AHEALTHYSOCIALWATERCYCLEMEANSTHATWESHOULDDRAWWATERMODERATELY,USEWATERCAREFULLY,PURIFYANDREUSEWASTEWATERDELIBERATELYWESHOULDENSURETHATTHEWATERUTILIZATIONINTHEUPPERREACHESOFTHERIVERSDOESNOTAFFECTTHEFUNCTIONOFWATERBODIESINTHELOWERREACHESOFTHERIVERSTHEULTIMATEAIMISTORESTOREORMAINTAINAHEALTHYWATERENVIRONMENTFORACITYORRIVERBASINANDEVENTUALLYACHIEVETHESUSTAINABLEUTILIZATIONOFWATERRESOURCESAHEALTHYSOCIALWATERCYCLEISALSOANESSENTIALCOMPONENTOFESTABLISHINGACITYTHATRECYCLESGUANETAL,2004THEAIMOFTHISARTICLEISTODISCUSSFUNCTIONANDDESIGNCONSIDERATIONSFORASUSTAINABLEURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMUSINGCONCEPTSASSOCIATEDWITHAHEALTHYWATERCYCLEINTHISPAPERWEWILLINTRODUCESOMEURBANPLANNINGSUGGESTIONSTOPROMOTESUCHAHEALTHYWATERCYCLE2THEDEVELOPMENTOFSUSTAINABLEURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMS21HISTORYOFURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMTHEEARLIESTURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMSWERECONSTRUCTEDTOONLYTRANSPORTEXCESSOVERLANDRAINWATERASQUICKLYASPOSSIBLEFROMACITYTORIVERSTHATWEREDOWNSTREAMFROMTHECITYAMINUDDINETAL,2000;ANGELAKISETAL,2005THEFLUSHTOILETWASINVENTEDINTHE18THCENTURYANDBECAMEWIDESPREADTHROUGHOUTTHECITIESOFEUROPEINTHE19THCENTURYTHEWIDESPREADUSEOFFLUSHTOILETSIMPROVEDTHESANITATIONCONDITIONSOFURBANRESIDENTS,BUTTHEAMOUNTOFWATERSUPPLYANDSEWERAGEREQUIREDASARESULTINCREASEDDRAMATICALLYATTHISTIME,THESEWERANDRUNOFFSEWERAGESYSTEMSWERECONSTRUCTEDASACOMBINEDSEWERAGESYSTEMTHEFUNCTIONOFTHEURBANSEWERAGESYSTEMCHANGEDTOTHISCOMBINEDSYSTEMTOPROTECTTHEINHABITANTSFROMBACTERIALINFECTIONASTHEMAJORCOMPONENTOFSANITARYENGINEERINGHOWEVER,RIVERSANDLAKESNEARCITIESBECAMETERRIBLYPOLLUTEDDURINGTHISPERIODBECAUSEOFLARGEAMOUNTOF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