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外文翻译--标准压电陶瓷材料.doc

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外文翻译--标准压电陶瓷材料.doc

StandardsforPiezoelectricCeramicMaterialsThisdocumentdetailssomeofthestandardsrelatedactivitiesforpiezoelectricmaterials,mainlybulkceramictypes.Standardsrelatedpurelytoquartzhavebeenomitted,inordertolimitthesizeofthetask.Theproductionofstandards,particularlyinternationalones,isalongandunrewardingbusiness,andthattheyeverbecomestandardsisatributetothepersistenceofasmallnumberofindividuals.Consequentlytheexistenceornotofastandardinaparticularareaisnotsolelybecauseoftheneedforsuchastandard,butisduetotheconcertedeffortoftheseindividuals.Alsobecauseoftheneedtokeepdocumentscurrent,ifyearsafterpublicationofastandardthereisnobodypreparedtomaintainthisdocumentthenthereisadangeritwillbewithdrawnorcancelled.Thissituationisreflectedinthepiezoelectricmaterialsstandardsarea,wheretherearestronggroupsinEuropeCENELECandAmericaIEEEUFFC,butsomeofthemostquotedstandardshaverecentlybeenwithdrawnIEEE1761987,IEEE1801986,MILSTD1376BSH.StandardsorganisationswithPiezoelectricrelatedstandardsCENELECCENELECistheEuropeanCommitteeforElectrotechnicalStandardizationandIthasbeenofficiallyrecognisedastheEuropeanStandardsOrganisationinitsfieldbytheEuropeanCommissioninDirective83/189/EEC.AcomprehensiveseriesofpiezoelectricstandardsarebeingdevelopedforCENELECunderBTTF632.TherearetwoworkinggroupsinthiscommitteeanditisWG2thatisproducingstandardsrelatedtopiezoelectricmaterials,underthestewardshipofWandaWolny.Atthetimeofwritingthefirstthreeareclosetobeingapprovedbythevariousnationalcommittees.AswithmoststandardswithinCENELECthereareEnglish,FrenchandGermanversionsofthesestandards.prEN5032412001PiezoelectricpropertiesofceramicmaterialsandcomponentsPart1DefinitionsandClassificationsThisstandardrelatestopiezoelectrictransducerceramicsforapplicationbothastransmittersandreceiversinelectroacousticsandultrasonicsoverawidefrequencyrange.Theyareusedforgenerationandtransmissionofacousticsignals,forachievementofultrasoniceffects,fortransmissionofsignalsincommunicationelectronics,forsensorsandactuators,andusedforgenerationofhighvoltagesinignitiondevices.Piezoelectricceramicscanbemanufacturedinawidevarietyofshapesandsizes.Commonlyusedshapesincludediscs,rectangularplates,bars,tubes,cylindersand大连交通大学信息工程学院2010届本科生毕业设计(论文)外文翻译1hemispheresaswellasbendingelementscircularandrectangular,sandwichesandmonolithicmultilayers.prEN5032422001PiezoelectricpropertiesofceramicmaterialsandcomponentsPart2MethodsofmeasurementandpropertiesLowpowerThemethodsofmeasurementdescribedinthisspecificationareforusewithpiezoelectriccomponentsproducedfromtheceramicmaterialsdescribedinprEN503241Definitionsandclassification.Methodsofmeasurementforspecificdielectric,piezoelectricandelasticcoefficientsaregenerallyapplicabletopiezoelectricceramics.Thepolycrystallinenatureofceramics,statisticalfluctuationsincompositionandtheinfluenceofthemanufacturingprocess,resultinspecifiedmaterialcoefficientsbeingtypicalmeanvalues.Thesevaluesareprovidedfordesigninformationonly.Piezoelectrictransducerscanhavewidelydifferingshapesandmaybeemployedinarangeofvibrationalmodes.Materialparametershowever,aremeasuredonsimpletestpieces,discs,rodsusingspecificgeometricanmdelectricalboundaryconditions.Consequently,theresultsofthetestsprovidebasicmaterialparametersonlyandmustbeusedasaguidetotheactualpropertiesofmanufacturedcommercialcomponents.prEN5032432001PiezoelectricpropertiesofceramicmaterialsandcomponentsPart3MethodsofmeasurementHighpowerThisstandardrelatespiezoelectrictransducerceramicsforpowerapplicationoverawidefrequencyrangebothaaselectromechanicalormechanoelectricalconverters.Thisstandardcoversthelargesignalcharacterizationofpiezoelectricceramicsmaterialonly,andnotthecharacterizationofacompleteassembledtransducer.Theselectionofamaterialforagivenpowerapplicationisdifficultandtheadvicegiveninsection2ismainlyindicative.prEN50ZZZ1BTTF632CONV12PropertiesofmultilayeractuatorsPart1TermsanddefinitionsThisEuropeanStandardrelatestothedefinitionsforMultilayeractuators.Theirapplicationshavebeenwidelyincreasedinvariousfieldofindustrymechanicalengineeringtoolspositioning,clamps,activewedges,damping,activecontrol,generationsonicorultrasonicvibrations,...microelectronicspositioningofmasks,wafersormagneticheads,nonmagneticactuation,circuitbreakers,fluidsproportionalvalves,pumps,inkjet,dropletgenerators,injectors,opticsmirrorsorlensespositioning,focusing,lasercavitytuning,alignmentordeformationoffiber,scanners,choppers,interferometers,modulators.大连交通大学信息工程学院2010届本科生毕业设计(论文)外文翻译2Multilayeractuatorscanbemanufacturedinawidevarietyofsizes.Themostcommonshapeistherectangularbar.Ringmultilayeractuatorsexistalso.Themeasurementsunderprestressapplytothestackactuators.Thisstandardrelatestod33actuators,whichelongateinthedirectionofpolingandislimitedtothestaticandquasistaticapplications.prEN50ZZZ2BTTF632CONV12PropertiesofmultilayeractuatorsPart2MethodsofmeasurementThisstandarddescribesthemeasurementtechniques,whichcanbeappliedtomeasurethepropertiesofMultilayerActuators,asdefinedinprEN50ZZZ1.Multilayeractuatorscanbemanufacturedinawidevarietyofsizes.Themostcommonshapeistherectangularbar.Ringmultilayeractuatorsexistalso.Themeasurementsunderprestressapplytothestackactuators.Thisstandardrelatestod33actuators,whichelongateinthedirectionofpolingandislimitedtothestaticandquasistaticapplications.prEN50PPPBTTF632CONV12PropertiesofpiezoelectricthickfilmsIECTheIEC,theInternationalElectrotechnicalCommissionistheinternationalstandardsandconformityassessmentbodyforallfieldsofelectrotechnology.Thestandardsaremaintainedbyaseriesoftechnicalcommitteesthatcoveranarrowsubjectarea.MostofthestandardsdevelopedintheIECaremaintainedandproducedbyTC49,Piezoelectricanddielectricdevicesforfrequencycontrolandselection.Atpresenttheonlyactiveworkitemrelatedtopiezoelectricceramicsseemstobeaglossary,IEC6199442.TC49PiezoelectricanddielectricdevicesforfrequencycontrolandselectionIEC60483197601GuidetodynamicmeasurementsofpiezoelectricceramicswithhighelectromechanicalcouplingIEC60302196901Standarddefinitionsandmethodsofmeasurementforpiezoelectricvibratorsoperatingoverthefrequencyrangeupto30MHzIEC60642197901PiezoelectricceramicresonatorsandresonatorunitsforfrequencycontrolandselectionChapterIStandardvaluesandconditionsChapterIIMeasuringandtestconditionsIEC606422199402PiezoelectricceramicresonatorunitsPart2GuidetotheuseofpiezoelectricceramicresonatorunitsIEC606423199203PiezoelectricceramicresonatorsPart3StandardoutlinesIEC612531199312PiezoelectricceramicresonatorsAspecificationintheIECqualityassessmentsystemforelectroniccomponentsIECQPart1GenericspecificationQualificationapproval大连交通大学信息工程学院2010届本科生毕业设计(论文)外文翻译3IEC612532199312PiezoelectricceramicresonatorsASpecificationintheIECqualityassessmentsystemforelectroniccomponentsIECQPart2SectionalspecificationQualificationapprovalIEC6125321199312PiezoelectricceramicresonatorsAspecificationintheIECqualityassessmentsystemforelectroniccomponentsIECQPart2SectionalspecificationQualificationapprovalSection1BlankdetailspecificationAssessmentlevelEIEC612611199403PiezoelectricceramicfiltersforuseinelectronicequipmentAspecificationintheIECqualityassessmentsystemforelectroniccomponentsIECQPart1GenericspecificationQualificationapprovalIEC612612199403PiezoelectricceramicfiltersforuseinelectronicequipmentAspecificationintheIECqualityassessmentsystemforelectroniccomponentsIECQPart2SectionalspecificationQualificationapprovalIEC6126121199403PiezoelectricceramicfiltersforuseinelectronicequipmentAspecificationintheIECqualityassessmentsystemforelectroniccomponentsIECQPart2SectionalspecificationQualificationapprovalSection1BlankdetailspecificationAssessmentlevelEIEC6199442TSEd.1.0B1CDPiezoelectricanddielectricdevicesforfrequencycontrolandselectionGlossaryPart42PiezoelectricmaterialsPiezoelectricceramicsTC87UltrasonicsIEC61088199109CharacteristicsandmeasurementsofultrasonicpiezoceramictransducersSpecifiestheessentialelectroacousticcharacteristicsofpiezoceramictransducersforindustrialapplicationofultrasonicenergy.Alsospecifiesthemethodsofmeasuringthesecharacteristics.Ithasthestatusofatechnicalreport.SC47ESubcommittee47EDiscreteSemiconductorDevicesIEC60747141200010SemiconductordevicesPart141SemiconductorsensorsGeneralandclassificationDescribesgeneralitemsconcerningthespecificationsforsensorswhicharebasicallymadeofsemiconductormaterials,butalsoapplicabletosensorsusingdielectricorferroelectricmaterials.IEEEUFFCTheIEEEUFFCistheUltrasonics,FerroelectricsandFrequencyControlsectionoftheInstituteofElectricalandElectronicsEngineers.TheIEEEpublishedsomeofthemostquotedstandardsrelatedtopiezoelectricandferroelectricmaterials,including1761987IEEEStandardonPiezoelectricityDescription

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