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外文翻译--标准压电陶瓷材料.doc

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外文翻译--标准压电陶瓷材料.doc

STANDARDSFORPIEZOELECTRICCERAMICMATERIALSTHISDOCUMENTDETAILSSOMEOFTHESTANDARDSRELATEDACTIVITIESFORPIEZOELECTRICMATERIALS,MAINLYBULKCERAMICTYPESSTANDARDSRELATEDPURELYTOQUARTZHAVEBEENOMITTED,INORDERTOLIMITTHESIZEOFTHETASKTHEPRODUCTIONOFSTANDARDS,PARTICULARLYINTERNATIONALONES,ISALONGANDUNREWARDINGBUSINESS,ANDTHATTHEYEVERBECOMESTANDARDSISATRIBUTETOTHEPERSISTENCEOFASMALLNUMBEROFINDIVIDUALSCONSEQUENTLYTHEEXISTENCEORNOTOFASTANDARDINAPARTICULARAREAISNOTSOLELYBECAUSEOFTHENEEDFORSUCHASTANDARD,BUTISDUETOTHECONCERTEDEFFORTOFTHESEINDIVIDUALSALSOBECAUSEOFTHENEEDTOKEEPDOCUMENTSCURRENT,IFYEARSAFTERPUBLICATIONOFASTANDARDTHEREISNOBODYPREPAREDTOMAINTAINTHISDOCUMENTTHENTHEREISADANGERITWILLBEWITHDRAWNORCANCELLEDTHISSITUATIONISREFLECTEDINTHEPIEZOELECTRICMATERIALSSTANDARDSAREA,WHERETHEREARESTRONGGROUPSINEUROPECENELECANDAMERICAIEEEUFFC,BUTSOMEOFTHEMOSTQUOTEDSTANDARDSHAVERECENTLYBEENWITHDRAWNIEEE1761987,IEEE1801986,MILSTD1376BSHSTANDARDSORGANISATIONSWITHPIEZOELECTRICRELATEDSTANDARDSCENELECCENELECISTHEEUROPEANCOMMITTEEFORELECTROTECHNICALSTANDARDIZATIONANDITHASBEENOFFICIALLYRECOGNISEDASTHEEUROPEANSTANDARDSORGANISATIONINITSFIELDBYTHEEUROPEANCOMMISSIONINDIRECTIVE83/189/EECACOMPREHENSIVESERIESOFPIEZOELECTRICSTANDARDSAREBEINGDEVELOPEDFORCENELECUNDERBTTF632THEREARETWOWORKINGGROUPSINTHISCOMMITTEEANDITISWG2THATISPRODUCINGSTANDARDSRELATEDTOPIEZOELECTRICMATERIALS,UNDERTHESTEWARDSHIPOFWANDAWOLNYATTHETIMEOFWRITINGTHEFIRSTTHREEARECLOSETOBEINGAPPROVEDBYTHEVARIOUSNATIONALCOMMITTEESASWITHMOSTSTANDARDSWITHINCENELECTHEREAREENGLISH,FRENCHANDGERMANVERSIONSOFTHESESTANDARDSPREN5032412001PIEZOELECTRICPROPERTIESOFCERAMICMATERIALSANDCOMPONENTSPART1DEFINITIONSANDCLASSIFICATIONSTHISSTANDARDRELATESTOPIEZOELECTRICTRANSDUCERCERAMICSFORAPPLICATIONBOTHASTRANSMITTERSANDRECEIVERSINELECTROACOUSTICSANDULTRASONICSOVERAWIDEFREQUENCYRANGETHEYAREUSEDFORGENERATIONANDTRANSMISSIONOFACOUSTICSIGNALS,FORACHIEVEMENTOFULTRASONICEFFECTS,FORTRANSMISSIONOFSIGNALSINCOMMUNICATIONELECTRONICS,FORSENSORSANDACTUATORS,ANDUSEDFORGENERATIONOFHIGHVOLTAGESINIGNITIONDEVICESPIEZOELECTRICCERAMICSCANBEMANUFACTUREDINAWIDEVARIETYOFSHAPESANDSIZESCOMMONLYUSEDSHAPESINCLUDEDISCS,RECTANGULARPLATES,BARS,TUBES,CYLINDERSAND大连交通大学信息工程学院2010届本科生毕业设计(论文)外文翻译1HEMISPHERESASWELLASBENDINGELEMENTSCIRCULARANDRECTANGULAR,SANDWICHESANDMONOLITHICMULTILAYERSPREN5032422001PIEZOELECTRICPROPERTIESOFCERAMICMATERIALSANDCOMPONENTSPART2METHODSOFMEASUREMENTANDPROPERTIESLOWPOWERTHEMETHODSOFMEASUREMENTDESCRIBEDINTHISSPECIFICATIONAREFORUSEWITHPIEZOELECTRICCOMPONENTSPRODUCEDFROMTHECERAMICMATERIALSDESCRIBEDINPREN503241DEFINITIONSANDCLASSIFICATIONMETHODSOFMEASUREMENTFORSPECIFICDIELECTRIC,PIEZOELECTRICANDELASTICCOEFFICIENTSAREGENERALLYAPPLICABLETOPIEZOELECTRICCERAMICSTHEPOLYCRYSTALLINENATUREOFCERAMICS,STATISTICALFLUCTUATIONSINCOMPOSITIONANDTHEINFLUENCEOFTHEMANUFACTURINGPROCESS,RESULTINSPECIFIEDMATERIALCOEFFICIENTSBEINGTYPICALMEANVALUESTHESEVALUESAREPROVIDEDFORDESIGNINFORMATIONONLYPIEZOELECTRICTRANSDUCERSCANHAVEWIDELYDIFFERINGSHAPESANDMAYBEEMPLOYEDINARANGEOFVIBRATIONALMODESMATERIALPARAMETERSHOWEVER,AREMEASUREDONSIMPLETESTPIECES,DISCS,RODSUSINGSPECIFICGEOMETRICANMDELECTRICALBOUNDARYCONDITIONSCONSEQUENTLY,THERESULTSOFTHETESTSPROVIDEBASICMATERIALPARAMETERSONLYANDMUSTBEUSEDASAGUIDETOTHEACTUALPROPERTIESOFMANUFACTUREDCOMMERCIALCOMPONENTSPREN5032432001PIEZOELECTRICPROPERTIESOFCERAMICMATERIALSANDCOMPONENTSPART3METHODSOFMEASUREMENTHIGHPOWERTHISSTANDARDRELATESPIEZOELECTRICTRANSDUCERCERAMICSFORPOWERAPPLICATIONOVERAWIDEFREQUENCYRANGEBOTHAASELECTROMECHANICALORMECHANOELECTRICALCONVERTERSTHISSTANDARDCOVERSTHELARGESIGNALCHARACTERIZATIONOFPIEZOELECTRICCERAMICSMATERIALONLY,ANDNOTTHECHARACTERIZATIONOFACOMPLETEASSEMBLEDTRANSDUCERTHESELECTIONOFAMATERIALFORAGIVENPOWERAPPLICATIONISDIFFICULTANDTHEADVICEGIVENINSECTION2ISMAINLYINDICATIVEPREN50ZZZ1BTTF632CONV12PROPERTIESOFMULTILAYERACTUATORSPART1TERMSANDDEFINITIONSTHISEUROPEANSTANDARDRELATESTOTHEDEFINITIONSFORMULTILAYERACTUATORSTHEIRAPPLICATIONSHAVEBEENWIDELYINCREASEDINVARIOUSFIELDOFINDUSTRYMECHANICALENGINEERINGTOOLSPOSITIONING,CLAMPS,ACTIVEWEDGES,DAMPING,ACTIVECONTROL,GENERATIONSONICORULTRASONICVIBRATIONS,MICROELECTRONICSPOSITIONINGOFMASKS,WAFERSORMAGNETICHEADS,NONMAGNETICACTUATION,CIRCUITBREAKERS,FLUIDSPROPORTIONALVALVES,PUMPS,INKJET,DROPLETGENERATORS,INJECTORS,OPTICSMIRRORSORLENSESPOSITIONING,FOCUSING,LASERCAVITYTUNING,ALIGNMENTORDEFORMATIONOFFIBER,SCANNERS,CHOPPERS,INTERFEROMETERS,MODULATORS大连交通大学信息工程学院2010届本科生毕业设计(论文)外文翻译2MULTILAYERACTUATORSCANBEMANUFACTUREDINAWIDEVARIETYOFSIZESTHEMOSTCOMMONSHAPEISTHERECTANGULARBARRINGMULTILAYERACTUATORSEXISTALSOTHEMEASUREMENTSUNDERPRESTRESSAPPLYTOTHESTACKACTUATORSTHISSTANDARDRELATESTOD33ACTUATORS,WHICHELONGATEINTHEDIRECTIONOFPOLINGANDISLIMITEDTOTHESTATICANDQUASISTATICAPPLICATIONSPREN50ZZZ2BTTF632CONV12PROPERTIESOFMULTILAYERACTUATORSPART2METHODSOFMEASUREMENTTHISSTANDARDDESCRIBESTHEMEASUREMENTTECHNIQUES,WHICHCANBEAPPLIEDTOMEASURETHEPROPERTIESOFMULTILAYERACTUATORS,ASDEFINEDINPREN50ZZZ1MULTILAYERACTUATORSCANBEMANUFACTUREDINAWIDEVARIETYOFSIZESTHEMOSTCOMMONSHAPEISTHERECTANGULARBARRINGMULTILAYERACTUATORSEXISTALSOTHEMEASUREMENTSUNDERPRESTRESSAPPLYTOTHESTACKACTUATORSTHISSTANDARDRELATESTOD33ACTUATORS,WHICHELONGATEINTHEDIRECTIONOFPOLINGANDISLIMITEDTOTHESTATICANDQUASISTATICAPPLICATIONSPREN50PPPBTTF632CONV12PROPERTIESOFPIEZOELECTRICTHICKFILMSIECTHEIEC,THEINTERNATIONALELECTROTECHNICALCOMMISSIONISTHEINTERNATIONALSTANDARDSANDCONFORMITYASSESSMENTBODYFORALLFIELDSOFELECTROTECHNOLOGYTHESTANDARDSAREMAINTAINEDBYASERIESOFTECHNICALCOMMITTEESTHATCOVERANARROWSUBJECTAREAMOSTOFTHESTANDARDSDEVELOPEDINTHEIECAREMAINTAINEDANDPRODUCEDBYTC49,PIEZOELECTRICANDDIELECTRICDEVICESFORFREQUENCYCONTROLANDSELECTIONATPRESENTTHEONLYACTIVEWORKITEMRELATEDTOPIEZOELECTRICCERAMICSSEEMSTOBEAGLOSSARY,IEC6199442TC49PIEZOELECTRICANDDIELECTRICDEVICESFORFREQUENCYCONTROLANDSELECTIONIEC60483197601GUIDETODYNAMICMEASUREMENTSOFPIEZOELECTRICCERAMICSWITHHIGHELECTROMECHANICALCOUPLINGIEC60302196901STANDARDDEFINITIONSANDMETHODSOFMEASUREMENTFORPIEZOELECTRICVIBRATORSOPERATINGOVERTHEFREQUENCYRANGEUPTO30MHZIEC60642197901PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICRESONATORSANDRESONATORUNITSFORFREQUENCYCONTROLANDSELECTIONCHAPTERISTANDARDVALUESANDCONDITIONSCHAPTERIIMEASURINGANDTESTCONDITIONSIEC606422199402PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICRESONATORUNITSPART2GUIDETOTHEUSEOFPIEZOELECTRICCERAMICRESONATORUNITSIEC606423199203PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICRESONATORSPART3STANDARDOUTLINESIEC612531199312PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICRESONATORSASPECIFICATIONINTHEIECQUALITYASSESSMENTSYSTEMFORELECTRONICCOMPONENTSIECQPART1GENERICSPECIFICATIONQUALIFICATIONAPPROVAL大连交通大学信息工程学院2010届本科生毕业设计(论文)外文翻译3IEC612532199312PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICRESONATORSASPECIFICATIONINTHEIECQUALITYASSESSMENTSYSTEMFORELECTRONICCOMPONENTSIECQPART2SECTIONALSPECIFICATIONQUALIFICATIONAPPROVALIEC6125321199312PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICRESONATORSASPECIFICATIONINTHEIECQUALITYASSESSMENTSYSTEMFORELECTRONICCOMPONENTSIECQPART2SECTIONALSPECIFICATIONQUALIFICATIONAPPROVALSECTION1BLANKDETAILSPECIFICATIONASSESSMENTLEVELEIEC612611199403PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICFILTERSFORUSEINELECTRONICEQUIPMENTASPECIFICATIONINTHEIECQUALITYASSESSMENTSYSTEMFORELECTRONICCOMPONENTSIECQPART1GENERICSPECIFICATIONQUALIFICATIONAPPROVALIEC612612199403PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICFILTERSFORUSEINELECTRONICEQUIPMENTASPECIFICATIONINTHEIECQUALITYASSESSMENTSYSTEMFORELECTRONICCOMPONENTSIECQPART2SECTIONALSPECIFICATIONQUALIFICATIONAPPROVALIEC6126121199403PIEZOELECTRICCERAMICFILTERSFORUSEINELECTRONICEQUIPMENTASPECIFICATIONINTHEIECQUALITYASSESSMENTSYSTEMFORELECTRONICCOMPONENTSIECQPART2SECTIONALSPECIFICATIONQUALIFICATIONAPPROVALSECTION1BLANKDETAILSPECIFICATIONASSESSMENTLEVELEIEC6199442TSED10B1CDPIEZOELECTRICANDDIELECTRICDEVICESFORFREQUENCYCONTROLANDSELECTIONGLOSSARYPART42PIEZOELECTRICMATERIALSPIEZOELECTRICCERAMICSTC87ULTRASONICSIEC61088199109CHARACTERISTICSANDMEASUREMENTSOFULTRASONICPIEZOCERAMICTRANSDUCERSSPECIFIESTHEESSENTIALELECTROACOUSTICCHARACTERISTICSOFPIEZOCERAMICTRANSDUCERSFORINDUSTRIALAPPLICATIONOFULTRASONICENERGYALSOSPECIFIESTHEMETHODSOFMEASURINGTHESECHARACTERISTICSITHASTHESTATUSOFATECHNICALREPORTSC47ESUBCOMMITTEE47EDISCRETESEMICONDUCTORDEVICESIEC60747141200010SEMICONDUCTORDEVICESPART141SEMICONDUCTORSENSORSGENERALANDCLASSIFICATIONDESCRIBESGENERALITEMSCONCERNINGTHESPECIFICATIONSFORSENSORSWHICHAREBASICALLYMADEOFSEMICONDUCTORMATERIALS,BUTALSOAPPLICABLETOSENSORSUSINGDIELECTRICORFERROELECTRICMATERIALSIEEEUFFCTHEIEEEUFFCISTHEULTRASONICS,FERROELECTRICSANDFREQUENCYCONTROLSECTIONOFTHEINSTITUTEOFELECTRICALANDELECTRONICSENGINEERSTHEIEEEPUBLISHEDSOMEOFTHEMOSTQUOTEDSTANDARDSRELATEDTOPIEZOELECTRICANDFERROELECTRICMATERIALS,INCLUDING1761987IEEESTANDARDONPIEZOELECTRICITYDESCRIPTION

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