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外文翻译--立式轴承座钻孔组合机床设计.doc

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外文翻译--立式轴承座钻孔组合机床设计.doc

附录附录1英文原文VERTICALBEARINGSEATDRILLHOLEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLDESIGNAUTHORCNSAWARTICLEORIGINCHINESESAWINGINDUSTRYNETWORK1MINUTEWORKINGPROCEDURE,DECIDESTHELOCATION1PRODUCTIONTYPEANALYSISTHISDESIGNVERTICALBEARINGSEATDRILLHOLEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOL,ITSPROCESSESTHECOMPONENTSAPPLYINTHEAUTOMOBILEEXTREMELYWIDELY,SHOULDBELONGTOTHEMASSPRODUCTIONPROJECT,THEREFOREINDESIGNTIMESHOULDNOTETOMAKESTHEPROCESSINGTOBESIMPLEASFARASPOSSIBLE,BUTDOESNOTAFFECTTHEPROCESSINGQUALITY2PROCESSINGPLANFORMULATIONTHEDIVISIONWORKINGPROCEDURENEEDSTOCONSIDERTOTHEPRODUCTIONSCALE,THEPROCESSINGPRECISION,USESTHEENGINEBEDTHECHARACTERISTIC,THESTATICLOADSITUATIONANDSOONTHEDIVISIONWORKINGPROCEDUREMAYHAVETWOKINDOFTRENDSTHEWORKINGPROCEDURECENTRALISMANDTHEWORKINGPROCEDUREAREDISPERSIBLETHEWORKINGPROCEDURECENTRALISMDISPERSESHASITSSTRONGPOINTRESPECTIVELY,INGENERAL,BYENHANCESTHEPRODUCTIVITYINTHEMASSPRODUCTIONPRIMARILY,MUSTWIDELYUSETHEMULTIKNIVES,THESINGLEAXLEANDMULTIPLESPINDLEISAUTOMATICORTHESEMIAUTOMATICENGINEBED,MULTIPLESPINDLEPLANERTYPEMILLINGMACHINE,AGGREGATEMACHINETOOLANDSOON,THEREFOREADOPTSTHEWORKINGPROCEDURECENTRALISMTOBEPOSSIBLETOOBTAINTHEPROMINENTEFFECTINTHISDESIGNBEARINGSEATDRILLHOLEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLVERYGREATDEGREECAUSESVARIOUSWORKINGPROCEDURESTOCONCENTRATEASFARASPOSSIBLE,THEDISPLAYAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLMERIT,ATTHESAMETIMECAUSESEACHKINDOFERRORTOREDUCETOTHETHRESHOLDBECAUSEINTHISDESIGNPROCESSESINTHECOMPONENTS10HOLESTHEPARTIALHOLESAREAWAYFROMTOONEAR,ISNOTADVANTAGEOUSFORTHEPROCESSING,THEREFORESEPARATESISTWOLOCATIONSCOMPLETES,THENCARRIESONTHECOMPONENTSPOSITIONTRANSFORMATIONBELOWTHEMAINLOCATIONSELECTSTHEPLANAFTERTHEANALYSIS1LOADSANDUNLOADS,CLAMPS;2DRILLS7HOLESF135;3DRILLS3HOLESISF14,DRILLS2THREADSBOTTOMHOLESF14,KONGHAOWEI8,9;4DRILLSCROSSWISEHOLEF14;5EXPANDSARTICULATION7HOLESF145;6ATTACKSTHESILK2COMPOUNDCUTTINGTOOLSCUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSESCOMPUTATION1CUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSCHARACTERISTICTHEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLNORMALWORKANDREASONABLYSELECTSTHECUTTINGSPECIFICATIONS,NAMELYTHEDETERMINATIONREASONABLECUTTINGSPEEDANDTHEWORKENTERSTOTHEQUANTITYHASTHEVERYBIGRELATIONSTHECUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSELECTSTHEINAPPROPRIATENESS,CANCAUSETHEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLTOREDUCESTOPSTHELOSS,ENHANCESTHEPRODUCTIONEFFICIENCY,LENGTHENSTHECUTTINGTOOLLIFE,IMPROVESTHEPROCESSINGQUALITY2LEADSASETOFDESIGN1徐州工程学院毕业设计论文3ISPROCESSED7HOLESDIAMETERSIS145,THEPROCESSINGHOLEDIAMETERWITHLEADSASETOFLENGTH,LEADSTHESETOFINSIDEDIAMETERSIZE,ABOUTTHEDEVIATIONASWELLASTHEHOLESPOOLTHREADIDEALPOSITIONDISPLACEMENTRELATIONS,LIKETABLE1SHOWS4MAYKNOW17HOLESBYTABLE1,ASWELLAS810HOLESANDTHEBOTTOMHOLEDIAMETERSARE145MM,ITNEEDSLEADSASETOFLENGTHFOR3240MM,THEINSIDEDIAMETERSIZEDEVIATIONIS00160034,HOLESPOOLTHREADIDEALDISALIGNMENTFOR015020MM5HOLEPROCESSINGCUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSCOMPUTATIONAPROCESSESTHISCASTINGHB204WITHTHEHIGHSPEEDSTEELDRILLBITTODRILL17HOLES,IILOCATION;DRILLS810HOLES,IIILOCATION;DRILLBITDIAMETER145MM;CUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSV1018M/MIN,S02MM/R,ROTATIONALSPEED350R/MINBDRILLSCROSSWISEHOLEF16WITHTHEHIGHSPEEDSTEELDRILLBITIVLOCATIONTOPROCESSTHEDIAMETER16MM;CUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSV1018M/MIN;S018025MM/R;ROTATIONALSPEED350R/MINCEXPANDSWITHTHEHARDALLOYREAMERREAMS17HOLESVLOCATIONINVLOCATION,WHENEXPANDSTHEARTICULATION7HOLES,USESEXPANDSTHEARTICULATIONCOMPOUNDCUTTINGTOOL,ENTERSFORTHEQUANTITYACCORDINGTOTHEREAMERCHOICE,THECUTTINGSPEEDACCORDINGTOTHEREAMERCHOICE,MOREOVERENTERSFORTHEQUANTITYSHOULDSELECTTHEPERMISSIBLEVALUEACCORDINGTOTHECOMPOUNDCUTTINGTOOLMOSTMINORDIAMETERTHEUPPERLIMIT,THECUTTINGSPEEDTHENSELECTSTHEPERMISSIBLEVALUEACCORDINGTOCOMPOUNDCUTTINGTOOLMOSTLARGEDIAMETERTHEUPPERLIMITPROCESSINGDIAMETER145MM;CUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSV810M/MIN,S025MM/R,ROTATIONALSPEED280R/MIN;REAMERCUTTERBARANDGUIDANCEPARTIALNOMINALDIAMETERD008;REAMERTOLERANCE0036;CUTTERBARGUIDANCEPARTIALTOLERANCES000600017;LEADSTHESETOFINSIDEDIAMETERTOLERANCE00240006DTHEHOLEPROCESSINGDURINGCOMMONLYUSEDWORKINGPROCEDURETHEREMAINDERDRILLSOUTTHEDIAMETERIS1020,INDIAMETERWORKINGPROCEDUREREMAINDERFOR1520MM;REAMSTHEDIAMETERIS1020,INTHEDIAMETERWORKINGPROCEDUREQUANTITYABOVECUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSCHOICEPROVIDESMATERIALFOR010020MMBYEASTWINDCARCOMPANYEQUIPMENTFACTORYDESIGNDEPARTMENT3PARTSSELECT1POWERCHOICESTANDARDTHEPOWERPARTWITHBYREALIZESTHECUTTINGTOOLTOREVOLVEANDTOENTERORONLYUSESINFORTHEMOVEMENTFORTHEMOVEMENT,THISENGINEBEDREALIZEDTHECUTTINGTOOLTOREVOLVEANDTOENTERFORTHEMOVEMENTTWOCONTENTSEACHKINDOFSPECIFICATIONPOWERHEADALLHASTHECERTAINPOWERSCOPE,ACCORDINGTOTHECUTTINGPOWERWHICHCALCULATESANDENTERSNEEDOFFORTHEPOWER,ANDTHESUITABLEENHANCEMENTCUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSPOSSIBILITY,SELECTSTHECORRESPONDINGSPECIFICATIONTHEPOWERHEAD,THEFORMULAASFOLLOWSNMOVESNTOCUTNTOENTER/HKWINTHEFORMULANMOVESFORTHEPOWERHEADELECTRICALMACHINERYPOWER;NCUTSISTHECUTTINGPOWER,SELECTSTHECUTTINGSPECIFICATIONSACCORDINGTOVARIOUSCUTTINGTOOLS,CENTERHASEXTRACTEDBY2徐州工程学院毕业设计论文THEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLCUTTINGFORCEANDTHEPOWERFORMULA;NENTERSFORENTERSFORTHEPOWER,ISENTERSREGARDINGTHEHYDRAULICPRESSUREPOWERHEADFORTHEOILPUMPINGSTATIONCONSUMPTIONPOWER,GENERALLYFOR082KW;HISTHETRANSMISSIONEFFICIENCY,WHENTHEHEADSTOCKISSHORTIN15,WHENH07,ISMORETHAN15,H0652ENGINEBEDACTUALPOWERABOUTTHISVERTICALAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLDIVIDESTWOELECTRICALMACHINERYTOLEADMORETHANTWOAXLEBOXESTOCARRYONTHEPROCESSINGREGARDINGTHELEFTHALFPARTOFMULTIAXLEBOXESCUTTINGTOOL,WHENPROCESSES17HOLESASWELLASIIILOCATIONPROCESSES10HOLESITSPOWERSUMTOTALN/KW029702832313BECAUSETHELEFTHEADSTOCKISSHORTIN15WITHTHEDRILLBIT,THEREFOREH07,N/KW2313/0733REGARDINGTHERIGHTHALFPARTOFMULTIAXLEBOXESCUTTINGTOOL,EXPANDSTHEARTICULATION17HOLESINVLOCATIONASWELLASATTACKSTHESILK,THEDRILLBITACTUALPOWERN/KW01427710BECAUSETHERIGHTHEADSTOCKISSHORTIN15DRILLBITS,THEREFOREH07,N/KW1071433SELECTSTHEELECTRICALMACHINERYASARESULTOFTHISENGINEBEDINTHEACTUATIONASPECTNOTSPECIALREQUEST,SELECTSORDINARYALSOISTHEMOSTRELIABLEYSERIESELECTRICALMACHINERY,ITISTHESEALFROMFANLENGSHISHUTHECAGETHREEPHASEASYNCHRONOUSMOTOR,SUBSTITUTESFORTHEJ02SERIESTHERENEWALPRODUCTTHELEFTHALFBRANCHNEEDSTHEPOWERIS33KW,LOOKSUPYSERIESTHREEPHASEASYNCHRONOUSMOTORTABLE,SELECTSTHEY123S24MODELTHEELECTRICALMACHINERY,THERATEDPOWERIS55KW,SELECTSTHISMODELELECTRICALMACHINERYQUITETOBEAPPROPRIATETHERIGHTHALFBRANCHNEEDSTHEPOWERIS143KW,LOOKSUPYSERIESTHREEPHASEASYNCHRONOUSMOTORTABLE,SELECTSTHEY112M26MODELTHEELECTRICALMACHINERY,THERATEDPOWERIS22KW,SELECTSTHISMODELELECTRICALMACHINERYQUITETOBEAPPROPRIATE4JIGSDESIGNS1BEARINGSEATDRILLHOLEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOLJIGANALYSISAACCORDINGTOTHEWORKPIECEDIFFERENTWORKINGCONDITION,MAYDIFFERENTLYHAVEEACHKINDTOINSTALLTHEMETHODAADJUSTSTHEPEACEFULPROCESS;BJIGPEACEFULPROCESSBTHEBASICLOCALIZATIONPRINCIPLEANALYZESHERETODISCUSSIN6LOCALIZATIONS,6DEGREESOFFREEDOMELIMINATIONS,INORDERTODISCOVERSTHEAPPROPRIATELOCALIZATIONTOCLAMPTHEPLANANOBJECTMAYHAVE6INDEPENDENTMOVEMENTSINTHESPACE,NAMELYALONGX,Y,THEZAXISTRANSLATIONALMOTION,RESPECTIVELYRECORDSISX1,Y1,Z1;CIRCLESX,Y,THEZAXISROTATION,RECORDSISX2,Y2,Z2,INTHECUSTOM,ISCALLEDASTHEABOVE6INDEPENDENCEMOVEMENT6DEGREESOFFREEDOMIFUSESTHECERTAINRESTRAINTMEASURE,ELIMINATESTHEOBJECT6DEGREESOFFREEDOM,THENTHEOBJECTISLOCATEDCOMPLETELYWHENFOREXAMPLEDISCUSSIONCUBOIDWORKPIECE,MAYARRANGE3NOTALTOGETHERLINESINTHEBOTTOMSURFACETHEOBLIGATORYPOINTS,ARRANGES2OBLIGATORYPOINTSINTHEFACADE,ARRANGESANOBLIGATORYPOINTINTHEENDSURFACE,THENTHEBOTTOMSURFACEOBLIGATORYPOINTMAYLIMITX2,Y2,AZ23DEGREEOFFREEDOM,THEFACADEOBLIGATORYPOINTLIMITSX1,AZ12DEGREEOFFREEDOM,THEENDSURFACEOBLIGATORYPOINTLIMITSY1THISDEGREEOFFREEDOM,COMPLETELYHASLIMITEDTHECUBOIDWORKPIECE6DEGREESOFFREEDOMCCLAMPSTHESTRENGTHTWOESSENTIALFACTORS,THEDIRECTIONANDTHEACTIONPOINTCLAMPTHESTRENGTHDIRECTIONTOBESUPPOSEDTOFACELOCATESTHEPART,ANDCAUSESTOHAVECLAMPSTHESTRENGTHTOBESMALLESTTHEDETERMINATIONCLAMPSTHEPOINTOFFORCECONCURRENCEWHENTHEPOSITIONSHOULDNOTDESTROYTHELOCALIZATIONCLAMPSTHEPOINTOFFORCECONCURRENCETHEPOSITIONTOBESUPPOSEDTOAPPROACHTHEPROCESSINGSPOTASFARASPOSSIBLE,BYREDUCESTHECUTTINGFORCETOCIRCLECLAMPSTHEPOINTOFFORCECONCURRENCETHEMOMENTOFFORCE,PREVENTEDTHEWORKPIECEHASTHEROTATIONORTHE3徐州工程学院毕业设计论文VIBRATIONINTHEPROCESSINGPROCESSSHOULDGUARANTEECLAMPSTHEDISTORTIONNOTTOAFFECTTHEPROCESSINGPRECISIONCLAMPSTHEPOINTOFFORCECONCURRENCENUMBERTOBESUPPOSEDTOCAUSETHEWORKPIECEINTHEENTIRECONTACTFACETHESTRESSEVEN,THEJUXTAPOSITIONMETAMORPHOSEISSMALL2THELOCALIZATIONCLAMPSTHEPLANTHEDETERMINATION3THISCOMPONENTSBELONGTOTHEHOLLOWCIRCULARCASTING,THEGENERALLOCALIZATIONPARTHASVSHAPEBLOCK,LOCATESTHESLEEVETOMAKETHESEMICIRCLELOCALIZATION,IFSELECTSVSHAPEBLOCKLOCALIZATION,ASWELLASCIRCLEDX,THEYROTATIONOFAXISDEGREEOFFREEDOMINTHEZAXISTRAVERSEALREADYELIMINATES,CARRIEDONTHEPROCESSINGWHENTHEDRILLBIT,CIRCLEDTHEZAXISROTATIONTHEDEGREEOFFREEDOMTOBEUNABLETOELIMINATEACTUALLY,THEREFORELOCATEDWITHVSHAPEBLOCKTHEPLANWASINVALIDIFTHEUSESEMICIRCLELOCALIZATION,ITSRESULTANDWITHVSHAPEBLOCKISSAME,ALLISUNABLETOCAUSETHEWORKPIECEINTOCIRCLETHEZAXISINTHEDIRECTIONTOBESTABLE,FINALLYDECIDESTHEUSELOCALIZATIONSLEEVELOCALIZATIONLIKECHART2RINGLIKESLEEVESBYH7/K6ORH7/THEJS6EXCESSIVELYCOORDINATIONLOADSTHEJIG,AFTERTHECOMPONENTSPUTSINTHESLEEVE,INX,THEYDIRECTIONDEGREEOFFREEDOMELIMINATION,ATTHESAMETIMEUSESTHECLAMPTHEMETHOD;ENABLETHECLAMPUSINGTHEBALLHEADBOLTTIGHTLYTOSUPPRESSTHEWORKPIECEBODYLIKECHART3SHOWS,INUNDERTHISCLAMPFUNCTION,ALONGXROTATIONOFAXISX2,ASWELLASANDDEGREEOFFREEDOMISALLLIMITEDALONGZROTATIONOFAXISZ2ALONGZTHEAXISDIRECTIONZ1THEREFOREINUNDERTHISSETOFJIGFUNCTION,DEGREEOFFREEDOMANDSOONX1,Y1,Z1,X1,Y1ISELIMINATEDCOMPLETELY,BUTUNDERCLAMPPRESSUREFUNCTION,BETWEENCOMPONENTSANDCUTTINGTOOLFORMIDABLEFRICTIONFORCE,ASWELLASINTHEPROCESSINGPROCESSMIDDLEAXLEDIRECTIVEFORCEMUTUALCOUNTERBALANCE,ISALSOELIMINATEDINTHEZDEGREEOFFREEDOMWHENCARRIESONTOIVLOCATION,WHENPROCESSINGCROSSWISEHOLE,X1,Y1,THEZ1DEGREEOFFREEDOMWASELIMINATED,X2,THEY2DIRECTIONDEGREEOFFREEDOMWASALSOELIMINATED,INZ2DIRECTION,BECAUSETHECLAMPFUNCTIONCAUSEDTHEWORKPIECEALSOTOELIMINATEATTHEZ2DIRECTIONDEGREEOFFREEDOM5ATTACKSTHESILKINSTALLMENTATTACKSTHESYSTEMTHREADWHENTHEAGGREGATEMACHINETOOL,ACCORDINGTOISPROCESSEDTHECOMPONENTSPROCESSINGSPOTTHEDISTRIBUTEDSITUATIONANDTHETECHNOLOGICALREQUIREMENTANDSOON,COMMONLYUSEDATTACKSTHESILKMETHODTOHAVE3KINDSUSESATTACKSTHESILKPOWERTAPERTAPSILK,USESATTACKSTHESILKINSTALLMENTTOATTACKTHESILKANDTOUSETHEACTIVITY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