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外文翻译--走向世界的中国铝型材工业.doc

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外文翻译--走向世界的中国铝型材工业.doc

ChinatotheworldaluminumprofileindustryHarbin101plantssince1956nowNortheastAlloysLimitedoperationsincethefoundingoftheChinesealuminumprofileindustry.WiththedevelopmentofChinasaluminumprofileindustry.ChinaAluminumprofileoutputin2002reached1.76milliontons,hassurpassedtheUnitedStates1.54milliontonsneighborstheworld,Chinaisthebiggestproducerofaluminumprofile.Aluminumprofileconsumptionandisalsoanetexporter,hasenteredthe21stcentury,ChinaAluminumprofilebeenasharpriseinexportvolume.ChinaAluminumprofileisfixedoutofthecountryandtheworld.ThedevelopmentofChinasaluminumprofileindustrycanberoughlydividedintothreestages,namely19521979years,thefoundationstageofdevelopment.Theadjustmentstageofdevelopmentin1980,1992,thehighspeeddevelopmentstage.Chinaapprovedtheconstructionof101factoriesin1952andputintooperationin1956,Chinaestablisheditsownaluminumprofileindustry.Presshaseightmajoraviationproductionprofiles,afteryearsofexplorationandresearch.Productionandthetechnicaldifficultyofhelicopterrotoraircrafttaperedprofile,andtrainalargenumberoftechnicalbackbone,manyofficersstillactiveinvariousextrusionplant.,112countriestobuildaplantnowSouthwestAluminumprofilelimitedliabilitycompanyand113plantsnowpartoftheNorthwestaluminumprofilefactoryTheyputintooperationin1970and1969,ChinaAluminumprofileIndustryforcesenhancedlayoutmorerational.In1974,Chinapaysmoreattentiontoadvancedaluminumprofileindustry,theintroductionofhydraulicmachinesfromJapan.1975and1976successivelytoJapan,theUnitedKingdomandFrancetoconductinvestigations.DuringthisperiodChinasaluminumprofileindustryischaracterizedbythestateownedenterprises,militaryproducts,theplantiscomprehensive.Extruderisthepressure.Sincethe1980s,Chinaseconomyhasdevelopedrapidly,becauseoftheconstructionmarket,boostingdemand.Aluminumprofilenumberofstateownedenterprisesputintooperation,suchastheBeijingAluminumprofile,AluminumprofilePlantinTianjin,GuangdongnonferrousmetalsprocessingplantChengdoAluminumprofilePlant,YingkouAluminumprofilefactory.AnumberofjointventuresandforeignfundedenterprisesareallowedtosetupfactoriesinChina,suchasShenZhen,ChinaplusJapanAluminumprofileLtd.TaishanJinqiaoAluminumprofileLtd.,theShenZhenresistantAluminumprofilefactory.Rapidlyrisingnumberofprivateenterprises,suchastheGuangdongHingFatAluminumprofileCompany.Theseenterprisesaremainlyimportedequipmentandtechnology.ChinaAluminumprofileIndustrialProductionthusamajorincreaseintheleveloftechnologyandequipment.In1989,givenourresourceconstraintsAluminumprofilestatespendinglimitaluminumprofiledoorsandwindows,Aluminumprofileindustriesintheindustrialstructureandproductmixadjustmenttothefutureandlayamoresolidfoundationforrapiddevelopment.1991and1992,24.2Aluminumprofileoutputtogrowatarateof11yearsinarow.In2002reached1.76milliontons,rankingtheworld.Sincethe1990s,alargenumberofprivateenterpriseshavecompletedandputintoproduction,someofwhichwereinGuangdongKeenmyAluminumprofileLtd.AsiaAluminumprofileLimitedNanHai,GuangdongFangAluminumprofileLtd.,LongKouCityNanShanAluminumprofilePlant.ChangshabythecabinetHoldingsLtd.andotherutilities.Theybuiltthe1980swiththeinnovationofGuangdongHingFatCompany,TitanJinqiaoAluminumprofileCompanyChinaAluminumprofileIndustryisthemainforceleadingenterpriseintheworld.NowinChina,thereare650orsoofAluminumprofileenterprises,2,500raiseextrusionsandsurfacetreatmentofmorethan600productionlines30020000specificationscouldproduceavarietyofmulticoloredprofilestomeetthemoststringentstandards.Chinesealuminumprofileindustryisahugestrengthofasolidpace,asoundoutofthecountryandtheworld.Afterenteringthe21stsecretaryoftheChinesealuminumprofileindustrytotheworldthestrongmomentumsincethebeginningofreformandopeningup,especiallyinthelastfewyears,therapiddevelopmentofChinasaluminumprofileindustry.First,theoriginalaluminumprofileingotproductionhasbeenmorethanoneyearRussiaandtheUnitedStatesastheworldssuperpoweroriginalproductionofaluminumprofileingots.From1997to2001theaverageannualgrowthrateof12,muchhigherthanotheraluminumprofileproducingcountries.2002Chinaimported530,000tonsofaluminumprofileingotsand750,000tonsofexports,thenetexport220,000tons.ThiswelcomechangeforChinaAluminumprofiletolayasolidfoundationfortheworld.Second,therapiddevelopmentofChinasAluminumprofileIndustryalsosimultaneously,Aluminumprofileoutputfrom1991to2000theaverageannualgrowthrateof17.6,aratefarhigherthaninothercountries.2001,2002and2003were2.341millionmetrictonsofaluminumprofileproduction.2.988milliontonsand3.63milliontons.ChinaAluminumprofileMaterialsubyieldvarieties,FFFarethehighestgrowthrate,followedbyprofiles.Third,in2001Chinahasbecomeanetexporterofaluminumprofileprofile,inparticularthehighprecisionstripimportshigh.ButAluminumprofileistheexception,andinaleagueofitsown,enteringthe21stcentury,Aluminumprofilenetexportssubstantiallyincreasedeveryyear.2001netexports6,000tonsin2002reached25,000tons,up89,000tonsin2003.300,2003growthin2002thanin2001,anincreaseof260comparedto2002.Thisisamajorsteptoexpandintotheworldaluminumprofileindustryoneoftheimportantsigns.Fourth,in2000thealuminumprofilearchitecturalprofilenationalstandardshavereachedtheadvancedinternationallevel.Anumberofenterprisessetuptheirresearchanddevelopmentcentersandhaveanumberofproductsandpatents.AlProfilesonthefirstpageofournationalstandardisdeveloped80softhelastcentury.ButalongwiththedevelopmentofChinasbuildingmaterialsproductionandexportneeds,ithasbecomeunabletomeetthecurrentsituation.Sometechnicalindicatorsisonetoolowandcouldnotmeetthedemandsofforeigners,alsoinsufficientlybroadandcomprehensive.SoalargenumberofJapaneseJISstandards,theBritishStandardBS,andtheUnitedStatesdrawstandards,theGermanDINstandards.QUALCOATEurostandards,asanexportproductdeliveryandacceptancecriteria.Tochangethissituation,ChinaNonferrousMetalsIndustryStandardsInstitutehasdevelopedanewnationalstandardforAluminumprofileProfiles,promulgatedin2000,anditsmaintechnicalindicatorshavereachedtheinternationaladvancedlevel.ManyforeigninvestorshavenowacceptedbytheChineseNationalStandardofAluminumprofileproductiondelivery.Chinaisnowtheworldsmoststrictaccordancewiththestandardsofqualityrequiredfortheproductionprofile.Inordertohavesustainabledevelopmentcapacity,manycompaniessetuptheirownresearchcenters.Theabsorptionofhigherlearninginstitutesandhighleveltalents.GuangdongHingFatonthecompanyin2001introduced318newproducts.FujianNanpingThecorporahasmorethan100patents,patentSuZhouEuropesmoreofthecompanysmorethan100projects,AllthesehavemadetheChinesealuminumprofileindustryintotheworldfulloftechnicalreserves.Inaddition,thedevelopmentofChinasaluminumprofileindustryhastremendouscostadvantage,squeezingoutcostsonly60oftheUnitedStates.Oxidationcostonly40oftheUnitedStates.Today,Chinaisvigorouslypromotingthebrandnamestrategy,thequalityofproductsinChina,Aluminumprofile,output,efficiency,therehavebeenstrongexportstrength,andthroughtheeffortswillcertainlybeanumberofbrandnameenterprisesandnameAluminumprofile,ChinaAluminumprofilefortheworldandagreaterreturntosociety.ChinaAluminumprofileismorepreciousandindustrialdevelopmentintheworld,alargenumberwereabletomasterthewhole,goodattheentrepreneur,theyresponsibilityforthedevelopmentofChinasaluminumprofileindustry,thealuminumprofileindustryistheworldleader.Ofcourse,thecarriageoftheworldaluminumprofileindustryinChina,thereisalotofworktodotherearemanyobstaclestocross.Aluminumprofileenterprisessuchastheoverallsizeofourcurrentortoosmall,tobeintegrated,highspeedextrusiondie,lifeisshort.Squeezesmallplanetendedtobehigh,andcompetitionisnotuptothestandardsthatshouldguideenterprisestransitionfrompricecompetitiontobrandcompetitionandsoon.However,ChinaAluminumprofileisasolidpace,goabroad,totheworldandsoonwillbecomeastrongaluminumprofileindustry.

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