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外文翻译--走向世界的中国铝型材工业.doc

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外文翻译--走向世界的中国铝型材工业.doc

CHINATOTHEWORLDALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYHARBIN101PLANTSSINCE1956NOWNORTHEASTALLOYSLIMITEDOPERATIONSINCETHEFOUNDINGOFTHECHINESEALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYWITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCHINASALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYCHINAALUMINUMPROFILEOUTPUTIN2002REACHED176MILLIONTONS,HASSURPASSEDTHEUNITEDSTATES154MILLIONTONSNEIGHBORSTHEWORLD,CHINAISTHEBIGGESTPRODUCEROFALUMINUMPROFILEALUMINUMPROFILECONSUMPTIONANDISALSOANETEXPORTER,HASENTEREDTHE21STCENTURY,CHINAALUMINUMPROFILEBEENASHARPRISEINEXPORTVOLUMECHINAALUMINUMPROFILEISFIXEDOUTOFTHECOUNTRYANDTHEWORLDTHEDEVELOPMENTOFCHINASALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYCANBEROUGHLYDIVIDEDINTOTHREESTAGES,NAMELY19521979YEARS,THEFOUNDATIONSTAGEOFDEVELOPMENTTHEADJUSTMENTSTAGEOFDEVELOPMENTIN1980,1992,THEHIGHSPEEDDEVELOPMENTSTAGECHINAAPPROVEDTHECONSTRUCTIONOF101FACTORIESIN1952ANDPUTINTOOPERATIONIN1956,CHINAESTABLISHEDITSOWNALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYPRESSHASEIGHTMAJORAVIATIONPRODUCTIONPROFILES,AFTERYEARSOFEXPLORATIONANDRESEARCHPRODUCTIONANDTHETECHNICALDIFFICULTYOFHELICOPTERROTORAIRCRAFTTAPEREDPROFILE,ANDTRAINALARGENUMBEROFTECHNICALBACKBONE,MANYOFFICERSSTILLACTIVEINVARIOUSEXTRUSIONPLANT,112COUNTRIESTOBUILDAPLANTNOWSOUTHWESTALUMINUMPROFILELIMITEDLIABILITYCOMPANYAND113PLANTSNOWPARTOFTHENORTHWESTALUMINUMPROFILEFACTORYTHEYPUTINTOOPERATIONIN1970AND1969,CHINAALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYFORCESENHANCEDLAYOUTMORERATIONALIN1974,CHINAPAYSMOREATTENTIONTOADVANCEDALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRY,THEINTRODUCTIONOFHYDRAULICMACHINESFROMJAPAN1975AND1976SUCCESSIVELYTOJAPAN,THEUNITEDKINGDOMANDFRANCETOCONDUCTINVESTIGATIONSDURINGTHISPERIODCHINASALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYISCHARACTERIZEDBYTHESTATEOWNEDENTERPRISES,MILITARYPRODUCTS,THEPLANTISCOMPREHENSIVEEXTRUDERISTHEPRESSURESINCETHE1980S,CHINASECONOMYHASDEVELOPEDRAPIDLY,BECAUSEOFTHECONSTRUCTIONMARKET,BOOSTINGDEMANDALUMINUMPROFILENUMBEROFSTATEOWNEDENTERPRISESPUTINTOOPERATION,SUCHASTHEBEIJINGALUMINUMPROFILE,ALUMINUMPROFILEPLANTINTIANJIN,GUANGDONGNONFERROUSMETALSPROCESSINGPLANTCHENGDOALUMINUMPROFILEPLANT,YINGKOUALUMINUMPROFILEFACTORYANUMBEROFJOINTVENTURESANDFOREIGNFUNDEDENTERPRISESAREALLOWEDTOSETUPFACTORIESINCHINA,SUCHASSHENZHEN,CHINAPLUSJAPANALUMINUMPROFILELTDTAISHANJINQIAOALUMINUMPROFILELTD,THESHENZHENRESISTANTALUMINUMPROFILEFACTORYRAPIDLYRISINGNUMBEROFPRIVATEENTERPRISES,SUCHASTHEGUANGDONGHINGFATALUMINUMPROFILECOMPANYTHESEENTERPRISESAREMAINLYIMPORTEDEQUIPMENTANDTECHNOLOGYCHINAALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRIALPRODUCTIONTHUSAMAJORINCREASEINTHELEVELOFTECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENTIN1989,GIVENOURRESOURCECONSTRAINTSALUMINUMPROFILESTATESPENDINGLIMITALUMINUMPROFILEDOORSANDWINDOWS,ALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRIESINTHEINDUSTRIALSTRUCTUREANDPRODUCTMIXADJUSTMENTTOTHEFUTUREANDLAYAMORESOLIDFOUNDATIONFORRAPIDDEVELOPMENT1991AND1992,242ALUMINUMPROFILEOUTPUTTOGROWATARATEOF11YEARSINAROWIN2002REACHED176MILLIONTONS,RANKINGTHEWORLDSINCETHE1990S,ALARGENUMBEROFPRIVATEENTERPRISESHAVECOMPLETEDANDPUTINTOPRODUCTION,SOMEOFWHICHWEREINGUANGDONGKEENMYALUMINUMPROFILELTDASIAALUMINUMPROFILELIMITEDNANHAI,GUANGDONGFANGALUMINUMPROFILELTD,LONGKOUCITYNANSHANALUMINUMPROFILEPLANTCHANGSHABYTHECABINETHOLDINGSLTDANDOTHERUTILITIESTHEYBUILTTHE1980SWITHTHEINNOVATIONOFGUANGDONGHINGFATCOMPANY,TITANJINQIAOALUMINUMPROFILECOMPANY;CHINAALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYISTHEMAINFORCELEADINGENTERPRISEINTHEWORLDNOWINCHINA,THEREARE650ORSOOFALUMINUMPROFILEENTERPRISES,2,500RAISEEXTRUSIONSANDSURFACETREATMENTOFMORETHAN600PRODUCTIONLINES30020000SPECIFICATIONSCOULDPRODUCEAVARIETYOFMULTICOLOREDPROFILESTOMEETTHEMOSTSTRINGENTSTANDARDSCHINESEALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYISAHUGESTRENGTHOFASOLIDPACE,ASOUNDOUTOFTHECOUNTRYANDTHEWORLDAFTERENTERINGTHE21STSECRETARYOFTHECHINESEALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYTOTHEWORLDTHESTRONGMOMENTUMSINCETHEBEGINNINGOFREFORMANDOPENINGUP,ESPECIALLYINTHELASTFEWYEARS,THERAPIDDEVELOPMENTOFCHINASALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYFIRST,THEORIGINALALUMINUMPROFILEINGOTPRODUCTIONHASBEENMORETHANONEYEARRUSSIAANDTHEUNITEDSTATESASTHEWORLDSSUPERPOWERORIGINALPRODUCTIONOFALUMINUMPROFILEINGOTSFROM1997TO2001THEAVERAGEANNUALGROWTHRATEOF12,MUCHHIGHERTHANOTHERALUMINUMPROFILEPRODUCINGCOUNTRIES2002CHINAIMPORTED530,000TONSOFALUMINUMPROFILEINGOTSAND750,000TONSOFEXPORTS,THENETEXPORT220,000TONSTHISWELCOMECHANGEFORCHINAALUMINUMPROFILETOLAYASOLIDFOUNDATIONFORTHEWORLDSECOND,THERAPIDDEVELOPMENTOFCHINASALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYALSOSIMULTANEOUSLY,ALUMINUMPROFILEOUTPUTFROM1991TO2000THEAVERAGEANNUALGROWTHRATEOF176,ARATEFARHIGHERTHANINOTHERCOUNTRIES2001,2002AND2003WERE2341MILLIONMETRICTONSOFALUMINUMPROFILEPRODUCTION2988MILLIONTONSAND363MILLIONTONSCHINAALUMINUMPROFILEMATERIALSUBYIELDVARIETIES,FFFARETHEHIGHESTGROWTHRATE,FOLLOWEDBYPROFILESTHIRD,IN2001CHINAHASBECOMEANETEXPORTEROFALUMINUMPROFILEPROFILE,INPARTICULARTHEHIGHPRECISIONSTRIPIMPORTSHIGHBUTALUMINUMPROFILEISTHEEXCEPTION,ANDINALEAGUEOFITSOWN,ENTERINGTHE21STCENTURY,ALUMINUMPROFILENETEXPORTSSUBSTANTIALLYINCREASEDEVERYYEAR2001NETEXPORTS6,000TONSIN2002REACHED25,000TONS,UP89,000TONSIN2003300,2003GROWTHIN2002THANIN2001,ANINCREASEOF260COMPAREDTO2002THISISAMAJORSTEPTOEXPANDINTOTHEWORLDALUMINUMPROFILEINDUSTRYONEOFTHEIMPORTANTSIGNSFOURTH,IN2000THEALUMINUMPROFILEARCHITECTURALPROFILENATIONALSTANDARDSHAVEREACH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