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外文翻译--锥齿轮测量技术的最新进展.doc

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外文翻译--锥齿轮测量技术的最新进展.doc

Bevelgearofthelatestdevelopmentsinmeasurementtechnology1OverviewBevelgeardrivemechanisminthecar,helicopter,machinetoolsandelectrictoolsmanufacturingindustry,hasbeenwidelyused.Theuseofdifferentperformanceofthebevelgearsarealsodifferentqualityrequirements,canbesummarizedincluding①agoodcontactarea,canbeareliabletorquetransmissionpower②goodmatchgeometry,asmoothtransferofthemovement,inordertoensureuniformload,transmissionsmooth,vibrationsmall,noiselow.Factoriesareusuallysmalldevicesanddualspotdetectionofrollingcontacttestertocontrolthequalityofbevelgear,butinrealityitisverydifficulttodetermineaccuratelytheperformanceofthebevelgear.Bevelgearandtheprecisionofmeasurementofcylindricalgearssimilar,cangenerallybeclassifiedintothreetypes①CoordinateGeometryAnalysisofmeasurementtype.Thatis,thebevelgearasageometricentity,itsgeometricelements,respectively,thegeometricprecisionofindividualmeasurementsGearMeasuringCenteristhemainmeasuringinstruments.②Comprehensiveengagementmeasurementaccuracy.Thatis,thebevelgeartransmissionasacomponent,theaccuracyoftheirtransmission,contactspots,acomprehensivemeasurementofthevibrationnoise.Themeasuringinstrumentsaremainlyonesidedmeshingbevelgeartester,bevelgearmeshingtwosidedbevelgearmeasuringandinspectionmachinerolling.BevelGear③theoverallmeasurementerror.Itwillbevelgeartransmissionasafunctionfortherealizationofthegeometricentities,orbycoordinatemeasuringmethodinaccordancewiththegeometricprecisionofasinglemeasurementtomeasuretheoverallerrorofbevelgears,bevelgearstoachieveasingletransmissionerrorandthegeometricprecisionoftheintrinsiclinkbetweenthequalityoftheanalysisorbymatingsinglemeasurement,theuseofmeshpointscanmeasurementofbevelgearsfortheoverallerrorofmeasurement,hasbeenintegratedbevelgearmovementaccuracy,contactspots,aswellasthegeometricprecisionoftheindividual.Therefore,theoverallerrorofmeasurementofbevelgearisameasurementofthefirsttwomethodsofintegrationanddevelopment.Withthecoordinatemeasuringtechnology,computercontrolandmeasurementtechnology,inrecentyears,theoverallerrorofmeasurementofbevelgeartechnologyresearchdevelopmentsoon.GearMeasuringCenterasaresultofmulticylindercoordinates,suchasmultifunctionmeasurementinstrumentperformance,dataprocessingcapacity,bevelgeartypecoordinatesofanalyticgeometrymeasurementtechnology,hasbeenthedevelopmentofasinglegeometricerrorofmeasurementtotheoverallerrorofmeasurementofbevelgear,improvedconegeardesign,processing,qualitytestingtodeterminetheaccuracyandtheuseoftheforecastperformanceofthebevelgear,suchasthelevelofmanufacturingtechnology.ByChinasowndevelopment,basedonthecontrolpointmovementgeometricmeasurementprincipleononesideofthebevelgearmeshingpointscanningtechnologyandtechnologydevelopmentbasedontheoverallerrorofthebevelgearmeasuringinstrument,itismoretowardstheproductionofthefirstline,sothatChinaBevelGearmeasurementtheory,thepracticalapplicationofmeasurementtechnologyhasbeenfurtherimprovedanddeveloped.2.themainbevelgearprecisionmeasurementmethodandapparatus2.1CoordinatestylegeometricmeasurementandanalysisequipmentMachineryExhibitionintoastraightbevelgeartypecoordinatemeasuringinstrumentthereearlierproductstorepresentedKP42type,butthecomplexstructureofhighaccuracy.Since1990,bothbeforeandafter,CNCGearMeasuringCentertothemarket,coordinatesarcbevelgeartypegeometryofmeasurementerroristherapiddevelopmentandpopularizationandapplication.Todaysmarket,GearMeasuringCenterfromabroad,whetheritisKlingbergGermanysP63,ortheUnitedStatesGleason/martheGMX275,MMsSigma3,havebeenmeasuredwiththefunctionofbevelgear.TheseinstrumentshavereachedVDI/VDElevelprovidedaspacemeasuringuncertaintyformorethan2micronsbevelgearonthegeometricerrorofasingletest,suchaspitchdeviationincludingsinglepitchdeviation,thecumulativepitchdeviation,totalcumulativepitchdeviation,toothprofiledeviationsincludingatotaldeviationoftoothprofile,theshapeoftoothprofileerror,toothprofiletiltdeviationandteethtotheerrorincludingtheteethtothetotaldeviation,deviationoftheshapeofteethtotheteethtotiltdeviationandoutputdeviationofthreedimensionalshapeoftoothsurfacemorphologymap.2.2IntegratedsinglesidedmeshrollingtestmeasurementmethodandapparatusSinglesidedbevelgearmeshingscrolldetectionmethodshavebeenusedinproductionformanyyears.N0.513GleasonintheUnitedStatesrollingtestmachineasanexample,inthemeasuredsinglesidedbevelgearpairmeshing,thesimulationofitswork,andtoacertaindegreeofspeedandload,adjusttheV/H,forcoloredcontactareaspottestingtodeterminethebevelgearpairundertestcontactconditionsthroughtheuseofaccelerationsensors,pickupofvibrationandnoisemeasuredonthetoothscanfrequencyharmonicdetection.Thismethodisquasidynamicmeasurementmethod,whichbevelgearfortheaccuracyofdetectionisfarfromcompleteoraccurateenough.Opticalencoderusedasthebasepointofview,tocutbevelgearsfortheaccuracyofdetectionoftheintegratedsinglesidedmeshingbevelgeartester,suchasGermanysKlingbergPSKE900,becauseasingletestitems,inparticular,itisdifficultforthebasisoftestresultsBevelGearMachineparametersadjustedtogiveguidance,toimproveprocessingqualitybevelgears.Lesscosteffectiveandthereforenotmuchusedinproduction.Gleasonhasintroducedinrecentyears,thePhoenix500HCTCNCbevelgearinspectionmachineisrollingwitharollingtestatthesametimeandonesidedmatingtestermeasurementfunction,measurementofboththetangentialbevelgearintegratederror,whilethenumberofmeasuringconegearcontactarea,threedimensionalstructureofthenoiseanalysis.Theadvancedmodels,suchproductsrepresentthecontemporarylevelofdevelopment,althoughexpensive,butthereareindividualusersathome.KlingbergalsosimilarGKC60,suchasOrionHoleT50CNCbevelgearinspectionmachine.2.3MeasurementerroroverallandequipmentTheoverallerrorofmeasurementofbevelgearisrotatinginthesameangledisplacementcoordinatesoftheorderwillbebasedonthemeshingbevelgeartoothsurfaceoftheworkofthedetectionpointmeasuredbythegeometricerrorofalltheindividualintegratedintoabevelgearoverallerrormap,andonthisbasis,bevelgearsforthecompletionofasinglegeometricprecision,andaccuracyofanintegratedcampaignbevelgearanalysisofcontactstatedeputymeasurement,theuseofbevelgearstoachievetheperformanceandqualityassessmentandmonitoring.Bevelgearandtheoverallerrorofmeasurementapparatus,thecurrentcanbedividedintothreesecondclass.Aclassofanalyticgeometryforcoordinatemeasurementtype,themethodisdividedintopointtopointmeasurementandpointofscanmeasurements,equipmentusedintwowaysforCNCGearMeasuringCenter,buttheallocationpackagebythemeasurementdifferenttheotherforthematingtypemovementmeasurementgeometryie,meshtypescanmeasurementpoint,themethodforourfirst,theapparatususedforsinglesidedmeshingbevelgeartester,equippedwithadedicatedmeasurementbevelgearandmeasurementsoftwarepackage.1coordinatetheoverallbevelgeartypepointtopointmeasurementerrorGearMeasurementCenterin,alongwiththreedimensionalmeasurementofbevelgeartoothprofileandtoothtothetwodirections,accordingtoapredeterminedinterval,thedetectionofthemeasuredpointsofthetoothsurfaceusuallythe5toothprofile,toothup9atotalof45pointsforthegeometryerrorofmeasurementof1.1points.Thismethodcanbeavoidedandthemeasuredthreedimensionalprobeinthemeasurementoftoothsurfacewhentheimpactoffrictionandthemeasurementresults.Themeasurementmethodisbasedondirectmeasurementprinciple,concretestepsarefirstbevelgearinaccordancewiththeadjustmentofmachineparametersandtoolgeometryparameterstobeprocessedbycalculatingthelargeandsmallbevelgeartoothsurfaceidealgeometricprocessingparametersthetoothtoothsurfaceasareference,respectively,andtheactualprocessorafterheattreatmentoflargeandsmallgeartoothsurfacecomparedtotheactualmeasuredtoothsurfaceofthetoothsurfacewithanidealgeometricdeviation.MATCHproceduresthroughtheuseofdedicated,determinedcorrespondingtotheactualmeasuredtoothsurfacemachiningparametersoftheillusionreengagementmodelinaccordancewithTCAanalysis,calculatedbythebevelgearpairintegrateddeviationandtangentialcontactconditions,testwhetherornottomeettherequirements.Ifnecessary,thecorrespondingsoftwarewillbebasedonthemeasurementresults,recalculateandadjustthemachiningparametersinordertoretryalltheycanbeprocessedintoamoresatisfiedwiththequalityofproducts.2coordinatesofpointscanningtypebevelgearoftheoverallmeasurementerrorSeiki,Osaka,Japanrecentlyproposedusingtwodimensionalmeasurementofbevelgeartoothsurfacemeasurementtopointscanningmethodhasbeensatisfactoryandreliableresults.Thismethodhasthefollowingcharacteristicstheworkpiecebycontrollingtherotation,theparalleldisplacementofprobemovement,toavoidtheprobeandthetoothsurfacefrictionbetweentheadverseeffectsofmeasurementmeasurementasaresultoftheuseofscanning,surveyingtheregiontocovertheentiretoothsurface,includingTopGear,aswellasclosetolargeandsmallendoftheregionmeasurementpathcanhaveawiderangeofchoices,usuallytoothnumberandtoothnumberofeachtothethree,atotalofsixeachsamplethenumberofscanning

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