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外文翻译--高速切削加工在模具制造中的新应用.doc

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外文翻译--高速切削加工在模具制造中的新应用.doc

附录附录1英文原文HIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPROCESSINGINMOLDMANUFACTUREAPPLICATIONAJGNUTTALL,GLODEWIJKSABSTRACTTHECURRENTMOLDAPPLICATIONISWIDESPREAD,ALSOHADTHEVERYBIGDEVELOPMENTWITHITRELATEDDIEMAKINGTECHNOLOGYATPRESENT,USEDTHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPRODUCTIONMOLDALREADYTOBECOMETHEDIEMAKINGTHEGENERALTRENDINSOMEMOLDMANUFACTURER,THEHIGHSPEEDENGINEBEDBIGAREASUBSTITUTIONELECTRICALDISCHARGEMACHINE,THEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPRODUCTIONMOLDALREADYGRADUALLYBECAMETHEDIEMAKINGTHEGENERALTRENDITCANIMPROVEMOLDSSIZE,THESHAPEANDTHESURFACEROUGHNESS,REDUCESEVENOMITSTHEMANUALSHARPENING,THUSREDUCESPRODUCTIONCOSTANDTHEREDUCTIONMANUFACTURINGCYCLETHISARTICLETHROUGHTOTHETRADITIONALMOLDPROCESSINGCRAFTANDTHEHIGHSPEEDMOLDPROCESSINGCRAFTSCONTRAST,ELABORATEDTHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPROCESSINGSUPERIORITYINTHEARTICLEALSOBRIEFLYINTRODUCEDTHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPROCESSINGINTHEPROCESSINGCRAFTASPECTKEYTECHNOLOGIESKEYWORDSHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGGRINDINGTOOLGRINDINGTOOLPROCESSINGPROCESSTECHNOLOGY1INTRODUCTION11INTRODUCTIONALONGWITHTHEADVANCEINTECHNOLOGYANDTHEINDUSTRYSWIFTDEVELOPMENT,THEMOLDALREADYBECAMEINTHEINDUSTRIALPRODUCTIONTOUSETHEEXTREMELYWIDESPREADMAINCRAFTTOEQUIPNOWTHEMOLDTAKESTHEIMPORTANTCRAFTEQUIPMENT,ININDUSTRYSECTORSANDSOONCONSUMABLE,ELECTRICAPPLIANCEELECTRON,AUTOMOBILE,AIRPLANEMANUFACTUREHOLDSTHEPIVOTALSTATUSTHEMANUFACTUREDPRODUCTSCOMPONENTSROUGHMACHINING75,THEPRECISIONWORK50ANDTHEPLASTICPARTS90WILLCOMPLETEBYTHEMOLDATPRESENTTHECHINESEMOLDMARKETDEMANDHASREACHED50,000,000,000YUANSCALES,OURCOUNTRYDIEMAKINGMARKETPOTENTIALISHUGETHEMOLDISONEKINDOFSPECIALPURPOSETOOL,USESINFORMINGEACHMETALORTHENONMETALLICMATERIALNEEDSTHECOMPONENTSTHESHAPEPRODUCT,THISKINDOFSPECIALPURPOSETOOLGENERALDESIGNATIONMOLDTHEMOLDISINTHEINDUSTRIALPRODUCTIONTHEMOSTFOUNDATIONEQUIPMENT,ISREALIZESTHEFEWCUTTINGSANDTHENONCUTTINGESSENTIALTOOLTHEMOLDHASWIDELYUSEDINTHEINDUSTRIALPRODUCTIONEACHDOMAIN,LIKETHEAUTOMOBILE,THEMOTORCYCLE,THEDOMESTICELECTRICAPPLIANCES,THEINSTRUMENT,THEMEASURINGAPPLIANCE,THEELECTRONANDSOON,INTHEM6080COMPONENTSNEEDTHEMOLDTOCARRYONTHEMANUFACTURE;THEHIGHLYEFFECTIVEPRODUCTIONINENORMOUSQUANTITIESS,BOLT,NUTANDGASKETSTANDARDLETTERSANDSOONPLASTICALSONEEDTHEMOLDTOPRODUCE;THEENGINEERINGPLASTICS,THEPOWDERMETALLURGY,THERUBBER,THEALLOYCOMPRESSIONCASTING,THEGLASSFORMATIONANDSOONNEEDTOUSETHEMOLDTOTAKESHAPE12HIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPROCESSTECHNOLOGYASTHENAMESUGGESTS,THEHIGHSPEEDCUTTING,FIRSTISTHEHIGHSPEED,NAMELYMUSTHAVETHEHIGHSPINDLESPEED,FORINSTANCE12000R/MIN,18000R/MIN,30000R/MIN,40000R/MIN,EVENALSOHADAHIGHERROTATIONALSPEEDSTILLINTHEEXPERIMENT;ONTHEOTHERHAND,SHOULDALSOHAVETHEBIGGERTOFEEDQUANTITY,LIKE30000MM/MIN,40000MM/MIN,EVEN60000MM/MIN;HASISAFTERAGAINTHERAPIDTRAVERSE,TRADESFASTTHEKNIFE,THEMAINAXLETRADETHEKNIFE,FROMTHESTATICSTATEARRIVESITSNEEDSROTATIONALSPEEDRISETIMEANDSOON,ONLYTHENACHIEVEDTHEABOVESTANDARDSTOBEABLETOCALLITHIGHSPEEDNEXTISMUSTAIMATTHEDIFFERENTPROCESSINGOBJECT,THEDIFFERENTDEGREEOFHARDNESS,THEDIFFERENTMATERIALQUALITY,THEDIFFERENTSHAPETOCHOOSETHECORRESPONDINGREASONABLEPARAMETER,BUTCANNOTPURSUECONSTANTLYTOBEHIGHSPEEDANDBEHIGHSPEED,REGARDINGTHEDIESPACEPROCESSING,THESHAPEISSPECIALLYCOMPLEX,BUTTHECUTTINGTOOLDIAMETERISALSOSMALLTIME,BECAUSECUTTINGTOOLSPATHISNOTTHESIMPLETRANSLATION,BUTISTHECURVE,EVENHASRIGHTANGLECORNERTIME,TECHNOLOGICALPARAMETERRATIONALESPECIALLYIMPORTANT,IFBECAUSEWANTSTOMAINTAINTHEIDENTICALFEEDRATECARRIESONTHEORTHOGONALCUTTING,WILLNOTBEABLETODOWELLWILLCAUSEASARESULTOFTHEENGINEBEDMOVINGPARTSHUGEINERTIATHECUTTINGTOOLWILLMAKEWHENTHEBENDANGLEMOVEMENTTOBREAKSUDDENLY,BUTTHEVARIABLEMOTIONCAN,BECAUSEMOVEMENTSANDSOONACCELERATIONANDDECELERATIONCREATETHETHICKNESSOFCUTTINGTHEINSTANTANEOUSCHANGE,BUTCAUSESTHECUTTERCHANGETOENABLETHEWORKPIECESURFACETOHAVECUTS,FROMTHISCAUSESTHEPROCESSINGDROPINQUALITY,THEREFORE,INVIEWOFTHEDIFFERENTPROCESSINGOBJECT,NEEDSTHEPROGRAMMERSTOCHOOSETHEREASONABLECUTTINGTOOLPATH,OPTIMIZEDCUTTINGPARAMETER;ONTHEOTHERHAND,ACCORDINGTONEEDSTOCHOOSETHESUITABLECUTTINGVELOCITY,ONLYTHENCANDISPLAYTHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGTRULYLIKETHESTRONGPOINTTHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGHSCISANADVANCEDTECHNIQUEOFMANUFACTUREWHICHFORTHEPASTTENYEARSRAPIDLYRISESBECAUSETHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGTECHNOLOGYHASTHECUTTINGEFFICIENCYTOBEHIGH,THEPROCESSINGQUALITYHIGH,CANPROCESSTHEHARDSTEELSTOCKANDTHEGOODEFFICIENCYDIRECTLY,CAUSESPROFESSIONANDSOONAVIATION,MOLD,AUTOMOBILE,LIGHTINDUSTRYANDINFORMATIONPRODUCTIONEFFICIENCIESANDTHEMANUFACTUREQUALITYOBVIOUSLYENHANCES,ANDCAUSESTHEPROCESSINGCRAFTANDTHEEQUIPMENTCORRESPONDINGRENEWALTHEREFOREISSIMILARTOTHENUMERICALCONTROLTECHNOLOGYISTHESAME,THEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGANDTHEHIGHSPEEDPROCESSINGHAVEBECOMEINTHE21STCENTURYAMACHINEBUILDINGINDUSTRYINFLUENCEPROFOUNDTECHNOLOGICALREVOLUTIONATPRESENT,ADAPTSTHEHSCREQUESTHIGHSPEEDMACHININGCENTERANDOTHERHIGHSPEEDNUMERICALLYCONTROLLEDMACHINETOOLHASASSUMEDTHEPOPULARIZATIONTENDENCYINTHEDEVELOPEDCOUNTRY,OURCOUNTRYRECENTLYISALSOSPEEDINGUPTHEDEVELOPMENTTHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPROCESSINGISFACESFORTHE21STCENTURYAHIGHTECHNOLOGYANDNEWTECHNOLOGY,ITISONEKINDISDIFFERENTWITHTHETRADITIONALPROCESSINGPROCESSINGWAYCOMPARESWITHIT,THEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPROCESSINGMAINAXLEROTATIONALSPEEDHIGH,CUTSHIGHFORTHESPEED,THECUTTINGQUANTITYISSMALL,BUTINTHEUNITTIMEMATERIALEXCISESTHEQUANTITYTOINCREASE36TIMESACTUALLYITTAKETHEHIGHEFFICIENCY,THEHIGHACCURACYANDTHEHIGHSURFACEQUALITYASTHEBASICCHARACTERISTIC,INPROFESSIONANDSOONINAUTOMOBILEINDUSTRY,AEROSPACE,MOLDMANUFACTUREANDINSTRUMENTMEASURINGAPPLIANCEHASOBTAINEDTHEINCREASINGLYWIDESPREADAPPLICATION,ANDHASOBTAINEDTHESIGNIFICANTTECHNOLOGYECONOMICEFFICIENCY,ISTHECONTEMPORARYADVANCEDMANUFACTURETECHNOLOGYIMPORTANTCONSTITUENTWHENWITHTRADITIONALWAYPROCESSINGMOLD,OFTENUSESTHEELECTRICSPARKMACHINING,BUTTHEELECTRODEDESIGNANDMAKESITSELFISTHETECHNOLOGICALPROCESSWHICHTIMECONSUMINGTAKESTHETROUBLEBUTAFTERUSESTHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGPROCESSING,BECAUSETHENARROWANDSMALLREGIONPROCESSINGREALIZATIONANDTHEHIGHGRADESUPERFICIALRESULT,LETTHEELECTRODETHEUTILIZATIONRATIOREDUCEGREATLYMOREOVER,MAKESTHEELECTRODEWITHTHEHIGHSPEEDMILLALSOTOBEPOSSIBLETOMAKETHEPRODUCTIONEFFICIENCYTOENHANCETOANEWSCALETHEMAJORPARTMOLDMAYUSETHEHIGHSPEEDCUTTINGTECHNOLOGYTOPROCESS,LIKETHEFORGINGDIE,THECOMPRESSIONCASTINGMOLD,CASTWITHTHEBLOWMOLDINGMOLDANDSOONHAMMERSTHECAVITYBODYSHALLOWLY,THECUTTINGTOOLLIFEISLONG;COMPRESSIONCASTINGMOLDSIZEMODERATE,THEPRODUCTIVITYISHIGH;CASTSWITHTHEBLOWMOLDINGMOLDGENERALSIZESMALL,QUITEISECONOMICAL

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