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外文翻译一种通过刺激学习者动力来增加学习效率的以网络为基础的电子学习体系.doc

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外文翻译一种通过刺激学习者动力来增加学习效率的以网络为基础的电子学习体系.doc

外文文献原文及翻译AWEBBASEDELEARNINGSYSTEMFORINCREASINGSTUDYEFFICIENCYBYSTIMULATINGLEARNER’SMOTIVATIONABSTRACTDUETOTHEOPPORTUNITIESPROVIDEDBYTHEINTERNET,MOREANDMOREPEOPLEARETAKINGADVANTAGEOFDISTANCELEARNINGCOURSESANDDURINGTHELASTFEWYEARSENORMOUSRESEARCHEFFORTSHAVEBEENDEDICATEDTOTHEDEVELOPMENTOFDISTANCELEARNINGSYSTEMSSOFAR,MANYELEARNINGSYSTEMSAREPROPOSEDANDUSEDPRACTICALLYHOWEVER,INTHESESYSTEMSTHEELEARNINGCOMPLETIONRATEISABOUT30ONEOFTHEREASONSISTHELOWSTUDYDESIREWHENTHELEARNERSTUDIESTHELEARNINGMATERIALSINTHISRESEARCH,WEPROPOSEANINTERACTIVEWEBBASEDELEARNINGSYSTEMTHEPURPOSEOFOURSYSTEMISTOINCREASETHEELEARNINGCOMPLETIONRATEBYSTIMULATINGLEARNER’SMOTIVATIONTHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMHASTHREESUBSYSTEMSTHELEARNINGSUBSYSTEM,LEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEM,ANDTEACHERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEMTHELEARNINGSUBSYSTEMIMPROVESTHELEARNER’SSTUDYDESIRETHELEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEMSUPPORTSTHELEARNERDURINGTHESTUDY,ANDTHETEACHERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEMSUPPORTSTHETEACHERTOGETTHELEARNER’SSTUDYSTATETOEVALUATETHEPROPOSEDSYSTEM,WEDEVELOPEDSEVERALEXPERIMENTSANDSURVEYSBYUSINGNEWFEATURESSUCHASDISPLAYOFLEARNER’SSTUDYHISTORY,CHANGEOFINTERFACECOLOR,ENCOURAGEFUNCTION,RANKINGFUNCTION,SELFDETERMINATIONOFTHESTUDYMATERIALS,ANDGROUPINGOFLEARNERS,THEPROPOSEDSYSTEMCANINCREASETHELEARNINGEFFICIENCYKEYWORDSWEBBASEDSYSTEMS,ELEARNING,INCREASEOFLEARNINGEFFICIENCYSTIMULATINGLEARNER’SMOTIVATIONGROUPINGOFLEARNERS1INTRODUCTIONDUETOTHEOPPORTUNITIESPROVIDEDBYTHEINTERNET,MOREANDMOREPEOPLEARETAKINGADVANTAGEOFDISTANCELEARNINGCOURSESDURINGTHELASTFEWYEARSENORMOUSRESEARCHEFFORTSHAVEBEENDEDICATEDTOTHEDEVELOPMENTOFDISTANCELEARNINGSYSTEMSNAKABAYASHIETAL,1999;KATAYAMAKAMBAYASHI,1999;OHKAWAETAL,2000;SATOETAL,1999CONSEQUENTLY,MANYLARGEPROJECTSSUCHASCALAT;CALSURF;WEBCAI;THEUNIVERSITYOFTHEAIR;CALIFORNIAVIRTUALUNIVERSITY;WIDEUNIVERSITY;OGAWAETAL,1999;ANDDAIXWEBCOLLEGEHAVEBEENESTABLISEDHOWEVER,INTHESESYSTEMSTHEELEARNINGCOMPLETIONRATEISABOUT30ONEOFTHEREASONSISTHELOWSTUDYDESIREWHENTHELEARNERSTUDIESLEARNINGMATERIALSTHEREFORE,ITISVERYIMPORTANTTOSTIMULATELEARNER’SMOTIVATIONDURINGTHESTUDYRECENTLY,SEVERALDISTANCELEARNINGSYSTEMSTHATCONSIDERTHELEARNER’SCAPABILITYANDUNDERSTANDINGHAVEBEENPROPOSEDMATSUMOTOETAL,1999;TAMAKIETAL,2000;KUWABARAETAL,2000INMATSUMOTOETAL1999,ANEVALUATIONSYSTEMOFHISTORICALDATA,BASEDONLEARNINGENVIRONMENTANDSUPPORTEDBYEDUCATIONALSOFTWARERECORDISPROPOSEDINTHISSYSTEM,REAPPEARANCEANDANALYSISARECARRIEDOUTONLYFORHISTORICALLEARNINGDATAANDNOTFORREALEDUCATIONSYSTEMWITHINDIVIDUALSTUDENTADVANCEMENTCONTROLMESIATHESYSTEMISABLETOKEEPTHETEACHEROPERATINGCOSTLOWANDTOOFFERFINEEDUCATIONBYTHECOOPERATIONOFCOMPUTERASSISTEDINSTRUCTIONCAIANDTEACHERTHESYSTEMISABLETORECOGNIZETHELEARNERSWHONEEDASSISTANCE,BUTITSMAINPURPOSEISTOSUPPORTTHETEACHER,NOTTHELEARNERSINOURPREVIOUSWORKSKOYAMAETAL,2001,2002;BAROLLIKOYAMA,2004,2005,WEPROPOSEDANAGENTBASEDDISTANCELEARNINGSYSTEMTODELIVERAPPROPRIATESTUDYINGMATERIALSTOLEARNERSANDSTIMULATELEARNER’SMOTIVATIONBYUSINGMENTALACTIONOFCOLORTATSUNO,1995;JCRI,1993INORDERTOOFFERASUITABLEANDEFFICIENTSTUDYFORLEARNERS,INTHISWORK,WEPROPOSEAWEBBASEDDISTANCELEARNINGSYSTEMINORDERTOINCREASELEARNER’SEFFICIENCYTHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMHASTHREESUBSYSTEMSLEARNINGSUBSYSTEM,LEARNERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMANDTEACHERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMTHEPURPOSEOFOURSYSTEMISTOINCREASETHEELEARNINGCOMPLETIONRATEBYSTIMULATINGLEARNER’MOTIVATIONTOEVALUATETHEPROPOSEDSYSTEM,WEDEVELOPEDSEVERALEXPERIMENTSANDSURVEYSTHEEVALUATIONSHOWSTHATBYUSINGNEWFEATURESSUCHASDISPLAYOFLEARNER’SSTUDYHISTORY,CHANGEOFINTERFACECOLOR,ENCOURAGEFUNCTION,RANKINGFUNCTION,SELFDETERMINATIONOFTHESTUDYMATERIALS,ANDGROUPINGOFLEARNERS,THEPROPOSEDSYSTEMCANINCREASETHELEARNINGEFFICIENCYTHEPAPERISORGANIZEDASFOLLOWSTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREISINTRODUCEDINTHENEXTSECTIONINSECTION3,WEPRESENTTHEEVALUATIONMETHODFORTHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMINSECTION4,WEDISCUSSTHEEVALUATIONRESULTSINSECTION5,WECOMPARETHEFUNCTIONSOFTHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMWITHMESIAFINALLY,WEGIVESOMECONCLUSIONSANDFUTUREWORKINSECTION62PROPOSEDSYSTEMSTRUCTURETHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMISBUILTONWORLDWIDEWEBWWWINORDERTOHAVEAWIDERANGEOFAPPLICATIONS,WEUSEONLYSTANDARDFUNCTIONSTHEREFORE,THESYSTEMCANBEEASILYUSEDWITHOUTDEPENDINGONTHECOMPUTERENVIRONMENTTHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMINTERFACEISSHOWNINFIG1ANDTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREISSHOWNINFIG2THEPAGEOUTPUTISGENERATEDBYUSINGJSPFORTHESYSTEMLOGIC,WEUSEJAVAANDJAVASERVLETANDASRELATIONALDATABASESYSTEMISUSEDPOSTGRESQLJAVAPROGRAMMINGISUSEDASTHESTUDYMATERIALTHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMHASTHREESUBSYSTEMSLEARNINGSUBSYSTEM,LEARNERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMANDTEACHERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMTHELEARNINGSUBSYSTEMINCLUDESTHESTUDYINGMATERIALS,EXAMINATIONEXERCISES,ANDSOMEFUNCTIONSTOSTIMULATELEARNER’SMOTIVATIONTHELEARNERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMSUPPORTSTHELEARNERSWHENTHEYHAVEPROBLEMSDURINGTHESTUDYINTHISSUBSYSTEMAREIMPLEMENTEDSOMEINTERACTIONFUNCTIONSTHETEACHERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMHASSOMEFUNCTIONSTOGETTHESTUDYSITUATIONOFLEARNERSANDTOGIVEHINTSFROMTHETEACHERTOIMPROVETHELEARNINGEFFICIENCYTHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMWORKSINTHEFOLLOWINGWAYATTHEBEGINNING,THELEARNERSTARTSTOSTUDYTHELEARNINGMATERIALSTHETEACHERCHECKSTHELEARNINGSITUATIONANDBASEDONTHATDECIDESHOWTOSUPPORTTHELEARNERINTHELEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEMISIMPLEMENTEDTHEWINDOWSMESSENGERWMUSINGTHEMESSENGER,THETEACHERANDLEARNERCANCOMMUNICATETOGETHERIFTHELEARNERUNDERSTANDSTHEPROBLEMHEASKEDTHETEACHER,HEGOESBACKTOTHELEARNINGSUBSYSTEMANDSTARTSAGAINLEARNINGPROCESS21LEARNINGSUBSYSTEMTHEINTERFACEOFELEARNINGSYSTEMISSHOWNINFIG3ANDTHEELEARNINGFLOWISSHOWNINFIG4ATTHEBEGINNING,THELEARNERLOGINSTOTHESYSTEMNEXT,IFTHELEARNERUNDERSTANDSTHETEXT,HESTARTSTODOTHEEXERCISESTHEN,THEOBTAINEDRESULTSANDRANKINGARESHOWNINTHECOMPUTERDISPLAYAFTERTHAT,THELEARNERDECIDESTHENEXTITEMSTOSTUDYIFTHELEARNERDOESNOTUNDERSTANDSOMEPARTSOFTHETEXT,THELEARNERMOVESTOTHELEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEM,WHENUNDERSTANDSALLTHETEXTGOESBACKTOTHELEARNINGSUBSYSTEM22TEACHERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMINTHISSUBSYSTEM,THEPERSONWHOISREGISTEREDASTEACHERCANENTERTHESYSTEMBYUSINGTHEREGISTEREDLOGINANDPASSWORDBYUSINGTHISSUBSYSTEM,THETEACHERISABLETOJUDGETHELEARNINGSITUATIONOFTHELEARNERSTHETEACHERCANCHECKTHEFOLLOWINGITEMSTHELEARNERSWHOAREUSINGTHESYSTEMTHEITEMSWHICHAREFINISHEDTHELEARNERHASPROBLEMSDURINGTHESTUDYORNOTISTHELEARNERUSINGTHELEARNERSUPPORTINGSYSTEMORNOTTHEFAQOFTHELEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEMTHEBULLETINBOARDBBOFTHELEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEMIFTHETEACHERFINDSTHATASTUDENTISUSINGTHELEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEM,BYUSINGEMAIL,THETEACHERCANCOMMUNICATEWITHTHELEARNERITISALSOPOSSIBLETOCOMMUNICATEWITHTHELEARNERBYUSINGWMTHEMAININTERFACEOFTHETEACHERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMISSHOWNINFIG5THISPAGEISDIVIDEDINTWOFRAMESTHELEFTFRAMESHOWSTHELEARNERSWHOARELOGGEDINTHESYSTEMTHEYARESHOWNINATABLEFORMTHETABLESHOWSTHEFOLLOWINGINFORMATIONTHELEARNERSAREONLINEORNOTTHEPRESENTSTUDYITEMTHELEARNERSWHOAREUSINGORNOTTHELEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEMITSHOULDBENOTEDTHATTHETABLEISCHANGEDINAREALTIMEIFALEARNERENTERSORLEAVESTHESYSTEMALSO,WHENTHELOGINNAMEOFALEARNERINSIDETHETABLEISCLICKED,THEDETAILEDINFORMATIONOFTHELEARNERISDISPLAYEDINTHEMAINFRAMETHISINFORMATIONINCLUDESLOGINNAME,THELEARNERNAMEINJAPANESEFURIGANA,LEARNEREMAILADDRESS,LEARNERPRESENTLEARNINGSTATE,THESTUDYHISTORYIFALEARNERHASPROBLEMSDURINGTHESTUDY,THETEACHERCANUSETHEEMAILANDWMTOCOMMUNICATEWITHTHELEARNERBYUSINGWM,ITISPOSSIBLETOHAVEVOICECHATORVIDEOCHATALSO,BECAUSETHEFAQANDLEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEMARELINKEDINTHISPAGE,THEYCANBEREFERREDIFTHEYARENEEDEDTHEBBCANBEUSEDBYTEACHERTOEXPLAINTHECONTENTTHATTHELEARNERSDONOTUNDERSTAND23LEARNERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMTHELEARNERSUPPORTINGSUBSYSTEMISUSEDTOHELPTHELEARNERSWHENTHEYHAVEPROBLEMSDURINGTHESTUDYTHISSUBSYSTEMINCLUDESFAQ,BB,THELISTOFPERSONSWHOCANCOMMUNICATETOGETHERTHELEARNERCANINVESTIGATEBYFAQWHETHERTHEREAREANSWERSOFPREVIOUSQUESTIONSRELATEDWITHTHECONTENTTHATTHELEARNERISSTUDYINGORNOTIFTHEREARENOTANSWERSABOUTTHEPREVIOUSQUESTIONS,THELEARNERWAITSUNTILTHEANSWERWILLBESHOWNINTHEBBIFTHELEARNERNEEDSTHEANSWERINAREALTIMEHEENTERSINTHEMEMBERLISTTHEN,THEPRESENTLEARNERCANSELECTAMEMBERWHOANSWEREDTHEQUESTIONSINTHEPREVIOUSTESTANDCOMMUNICATEWITHHIMUSINGWMINFIG6ISSHOWNTHEMAINPAGEOFTHELEARNERSUPPORTSUBSYSTEM24INTERACTIVEFUNCTIONSTHEPROPOSEDSYSTEMHASTHEFOLLOWINGCOMMUNICATIONMODESCOMMUNICATIONBETWEENSTUDENTSCOMMUNICATIONBETWEENTHESTUDENTANDTEACHERQUESTIONMODECOMMUNICATIONBETWEENTHETEACHERANDSTUDENTEXPLANATIONALLTHESECOMMUNICATIONSAREDONEINTHESYNCHRONOUSMODEHOWEVER,BYUSINGTHEEMAILTHESYSTEMCANOFFERALSOASYNCHRONOUSMODECOMMUNICATIONTHUS,THEPROPOSEDSYSTEMDIFFERENTFROMOTHERIMPLEMENTEDELEARNINGSYSTEMSCANSUPPORTTHELEARNERSANDTEACHERSTOCOMMUNICATEWITHEACHOTHERINSYNCHRONOUSANDASYNCHRONOUSMODES3PROPOSEDSYSTEMEVALUATIONMETHODINORDERTOEVALUATETHEPROPOSEDSYSTEM,WEUSEDSOMEQUESTIONNAIRESANDASKEDTHELEARNERSHOWTHESYSTEMPERFORMEDANDESPECIALLYHOWTHESYSTEMSTIMULATEDTHELEARNER’SMOTIVATIONFORTHEEXPERIMENT,TENSTUDENTSANDTWOPROFESSORSOFOURLABORATORYUSEDTHESYSTEMANDTHENWEPREPAREDTHREEQUESTIONNAIRESASSHOWNINTABLES1,2AND3

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