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外文翻译-- 我国机械制造业管理信息化特点及发展趋势.doc

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外文翻译-- 我国机械制造业管理信息化特点及发展趋势.doc

英文原文Chinasmachinerymanufacturingmanagementinformationofthecharacteristicsanddevelopmenttrends1.PrefaceThemanufacturingsector,especiallymachinerymanufacturingindustryisapillarindustryofnationaleconomy,themodernmanufacturingindustryischangingpeoplesmodesofproduction,lifestyle,modeofoperationandmanagementaswellastheorganizationalstructureofsocietyandculture.Chinashugemarketpotentialandrichlaborresources,theworldsmanufacturingindustryhasshiftedtoChina,Chinaisbecomingaworldmanufacturingpower.Chinashouseholdelectricalappliances,suchasintheproductionofanumberofproductshasbeenrankingfirstintheworld.However,intheirownintellectualpropertyrightsofinnovativedesign,advancedmanufacturingtechnologyandequipmentandmodernmanagement,therearestillabiggap,sowedonotcreatepower.Thisarticlewillmachinerymanufacturingenterprisesinthecurrentmanagementproblems,howtouseinformationtechnologytoimprovemanagement,managementinformationofthecharacteristicsandtrendsoftechnologydevelopmentforanumberofstudiesforthedevelopmentofmachinerymanufacturingenterprisesprogramreferenceinformation.2.MachinerymanufacturingenterprisesinthecurrentmanagementproblemsChinasmachinerymanufacturingindustrythroughdecadesofefforthavebeenofconsiderablesize,theaccumulationofalargenumberofskillsandexperience.However,withtheformationofworldeconomicintegration,sinceChinashugemarketpotentialandrichlaborresources,foreigntechnology,capital,largeinfluxofChineseproducts,Chineseenterprisesarefacinganunprecedentedsituationoffiercecompetitionathomeandabroad.Competitiveproductsrequirereplacementfast,highquality,lowprice,promptdeliveryandgoodservices.Competitioninthesemarketsweaponswiththemodelofcorporategovernance,managementmethods,managementtools,organizationalstructure,businessprocessesarecloselyrelated.However,theChineseenterprisesandpeoplesideology3040yearsduetotheimpactoftheplannedeconomy,thecompetitivenessoftheexistenceofweaponswithabiggapcomparedwithdevelopedcountries.1controlthemodeofproductionplanningbehindTheimplementationofERPhasnotbeenthemachinerymanufacturingenterprisesisalmost100useofsetsofprograms.Thatisthelongestproductioncycleofproductsformthebasisofproductasavarietyofmaterialsandproductionleadtimeprocurementleadtime.ExaggeratedistheleadtimeinventoryandreserveproductshighliquidityoftherootcausesoftheuseoftheGreat.Productionplanningandprocurementplansinline,setsthelevelofbadpartscannotbedeliveredontime.Ortoprotectitsdeliveryofhighreserves.ModernmanagementmethodsfromMRPMRP,JITJIT,supplierofpipeTreasuryVMI,afarcryfromthesynchronizationofproduction.2EnterprisepoorresponseTodaysmarketisconstantlychanging,thedemandfordiversification.OrderassemblyMTO,inaccordancewithordersformanufactureofMTO,inaccordancewithordersforthedesignofMTD,MassCustomizationMC.Varietyofdifferentspecifications,production,procurementisverycomplex.FromthecustomerSalesDesignProductionPurchasingFinancialcosts,theneedforacompletesupplychainmanagement,inordertoquicklyrespondtodynamiccustomerdemand,toadapttotheeverchangingmarketandcustomercustomizationrequirements.3inaccuratecost,poorcostcontrolArtificialcostaccountingingeneralonlythecostofcomputingproducts,thecostofpartsandcomponentscannotbecalculated.Veryroughcostsharing,thecostofdatacollectionisalargenumberofartificialandpooraccuracyofthedata,makingcostinaccurate.Generallydonotcarryoutthestandardcostcalculation,costanalysisrarelyconducted,sopoorcostcontrol.4informationdispersed,nottimely,inaccurate,notshareManufacturingproduction,supply,marketing,human,financial,andmaterialisanorganicwhole,andbetweenthemthereisalargeamountofinformationexchange.Decentralizedmanagementofinformation,howeverartificial,basedonthelackofacompletedata,informationdispersion,nottimely,inaccurate,notshare,significantlyaffectthescientificnatureofmanagementdecisionmaking.5stylebureaucraticorganizationsratherthantheflatorientedbusinessprocessesoforganizations,thegeneralbusinessprocessesunreasonable,businessprocessmanagementandcontrolofnonstandard,arbitrary.6lackofstandardization,standardization,institutionalization,programmablemanagement,managementstrengthsandweaknessesvaryfrompersontoperson.DespitetheadoptionofISO9000procedurestodevelopaseriesofdocuments,theeffectoftheimplementationofenterprisesandmanagersmayvary.7managementtoolsbehind,themajorityofenterprisesstillinthecomputermanualordecentralizedmanagementofindividualmanagementstage.Someenterpriseshavesetupcomputernetworks,thewholeplant,buttheapplicationisstillfragmented,thereisnoinformationsharingandtheoptimaldistributionofresources.8modernmanagementideas,newmethods,andpoorapplicationofnewtechnologies.ForexampleAgileManufacturingAM,virtualmanufacturingVM,JITJIT,CustomerRelationshipManagementCRM,supplychainmanagementSCM,BusinessIntelligenceBI,ebusinessEC,suchasenterpriseresourceplanningERP.3.UseinformationtechnologytoimprovethelevelofmechanicalsystemmanagementAtpresent,theabovementionedproblemsinthemanagementofseriouslyaffectingthelevelofcorporategovernance,managementefficiencyandcompetitivenessofenterprises.Theuseofmodernmanagementthinking,methodsandcomputernetworkcommunicationtechnology,machinerymanufacturingenterprisestoachievethemanagementofinnovation,systeminnovationandtechnologicalinnovationisfacingurgenttasksinfrontofeachenterprise.Therefore,theestablishmentoflinkedcomputernetworks,bothwithinandoutsideplantcommunicationsystems,selectadvanced,matureandsuitablefortheneedsofenterprisemanagemententerpriseresourceplanningERP,customerrelationshipmanagementCRM,supplychainmanagementSCM,BusinessIntelligenceBI,ecommercesoftwaresystems,suchasEC,throughtheManagementAdvisoryandbusinessprocessreengineering,andoptimizethedesignoftheorganization,management,businessprocess,applicationofthesesoftwaresystems,enterpriseinformationmanagement.Enterprisemanagementinordertoovercomethecurrentproblemsinandimprovethelevelofcorporategovernance,managementefficiencyandcompetitivenessofenterprises,isthefaceofaknowledgebasedeconomyandglobaleconomicintegrationmaketheinevitablechoice.Systemaimsto1intoacompanywidecomputernetworkmanagementinformationsystem.Thesystemenablesenterprisestoachievetheproductionandoperationoflogistics,capitalflow,informationflowandworkflowofthehighdegreeofunitywiththeparalleloperation,andIntranet,Internetenterprisesinsideandoutsidethefullexchangeofinformationandbusinesslinkswiththeoutsideworld,toformaneffectiveagilesupplychainsystem.2theuseofadvancedproductionplanningandcontrolmethods.Tobreakthesetsofprograms,accordingtoavarietyofmaterialsprocurementandproductionleadtimepreparationofleadtimeMRP.Theestablishmentofaneffectiveandflexiblebythemasterproductionplan,materialrequirementsplanningandjobshopschemecomposedofthreeplannedproductionplanningmanagementsystem,reducethemaximumproductioncycle,procurementcycle,ontimedelivery,rapidresponsetocustomerdemandtomaximizethereductionofinventoryandcosts,improveservicelevels.QualifiedenterprisestoimplementJITJIT,supplierofpipeTreasuryVMI,synchronousproductionofadvancedmanagementmethods.3toachievecompanywidebasisofdatasuchasmaterialdata,productstructuredata,productdesign,processdata,capacitydata,etc.togenerateaunified,uniformmaintenanceandmanagementforauthorizeduseoftherelevantdepartments,thenumberoftrulya,datasharing,toavoidredundancy.ThroughtheERPsystemtofurtherrationalizethedevelopmentandimplementationofmanagementprocedurestoensurethemanagementofinstitutionalized,standardizedandscientific.4forthecurrentinformationinthemanagementdivisionofthesituationandestablishacustomercentricdynamicinformationfeedbackandcontrolsystem,foreachtaskfromthecontract,design,production,procurement,costaccountingintothewholeprocessofproductshipmentsDynamictracking,sothateachtaskiseffectivelyundercontrol.5tostrengthenandimprovefinancialmanagementandcostaccountingfunctions.Therealcosttobuildtwosystems,theuseofadvancedcostaccountingmethods,amoreaccurateaccountingofcostsandcostcomponentsforsalesquotesandprovideareliablebasisforfinancialaccounting.Conductacostanalysistoidentifythefactorsthatreducecostsandeffectivelyreducecosts.6theuseofcomputerstoenhancethequalityofthestatisticalanalysisofdata.Takefulladvantageofthequalityoftestdata,usingavarietyofanalyticalmethods,toconductindepthstatisticsandanalysis.Effectivelymonitorandimprovethequalitylevel.7throughcomputerbasedenterpriseinformationmanagement,willbethemajorityofmanagersfromthetediousmanuallabor,sothattheywillhavetheopportunitytolearnmanagementtheoryandmanagementskills,fromthenatureofenterprisemanagementpersonneltoimprovethemanagementlevel.4.ChinasmachinerymanufacturingmanagementfeaturesMachinerymanufacturingandthemanagementofothermanufacturingindustrieshavecommonpersonalitymachinerymanufacturingindustrywiththeproductiontype,productionvolume,productionorganizationofitsmanagementpracticesindifferentwaystherearedifferencesChinasmanufacturingsectorcomparedwiththedevelopedcountries,duetocorporateculture,law,differentsystemhasitsparticularities.Onthesecharacteristicsthefollowingtopics1machinerymanufacturingindustryisatypicaldiscretemanufacturingindustry,itsmanagementsoftwarebasedontheproductiontype,productionvolume,productionorganizationaredifferent,requiredifferentsolutions.ThechartliststhetypeofdivisionofproductionCharacteristicsofthesetypesofmanufacturersDiscreteManufacturingdifferentmaterialsthroughthemovementofnoncontinuous,throughdifferentpaths,theproductionofdifferentmaterialsandproducts.Suchasmotorvehicles,machinetools,aircraft,computers,homeelectricalappliances.ProcessIndustrymaterialsthroughmixing,separating,forming,orchemicalreaction,mostlyformaterialsthroughthesamepath,toproducevaluableproducts.Itconsistsofcontinuousproduction,manufacturingproductionandmixedtypes.Requiredinthemanagementofprescriptionmanagement,byproducts,theproducts,avarietyofunitsofmeasurement,anumberofqualityandgradeofthesameitems,batchnumbertracking,shelflifecharacteristics,thegeneralprocessindustrywithprofessionalsoftware.Singleproductionthedesignofproductstoorder,accordingtotheproductionofcustomerdemand,productisverycomplex.Productsaregenerallylongproductioncycle.Sometimesa

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