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外文翻译--减速器和主要零件的简介以及对产生噪声的分析.doc

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外文翻译--减速器和主要零件的简介以及对产生噪声的分析.doc

英文原文Mineralproductmonorailreductiongearsynopsis、themainpartsofthepaperandtheresearchonthenoicereducerFirstwhatisreducerReducerisadynamiccommunicationagencies,theuseofgearspeedconverters,motorrotationalspeedreducertotheRotarytobefew,andhavegreatertorqueinstitutions.Thereducerrole1velocityatthesametimeincreasetheoutputtorque,torqueoutputratiobymotoroutputbyslowdown,buttheattentionshouldbepaidtoexceedtheratedtorquereducer.2thespeedatthesametimereducetheinertiaload,theinertiaofdecelerationthanreducedtothesquare.WecanlookattheGeneralMotorshasavalueofinertia.ThetypeofreducerGeneralhelicalgearreducerhasreducerincludingparallelshafthelicalgearreducer,awormreducer,bevelgearreducer,etc.,planetarygearreducer,Cycloidreducer,awormreducer,aplanetaryfrictionCVTmechanicalmachines.Commonreducer1wormreduceristhemaincharacteristicsofareverseselflockingfunction,canbelargerthanaslowdown,inputshaftandoutputshaftaxisisnotthesame,norinthesameplane.Butgenerallylarger,transmissionefficiencyisnothigh,theaccuracyisnothigh.2HarmonicHarmonicDrivereduceriscontrollableusingflexiblecomponentstotransferelasticdeformationanddynamicmovement,notvolume,highprecision,butthedisadvantageisthatflexiblewheellimitedlife,impatientshocks,rigidityandpiecesofmetalrelativelypoor.Nottoohighspeedinput.3planetaryreduceritscomparativeadvantageiscompactstructure,thereturngapsmall,highprecision,andhavealonglifespanratedoutputtorquecanbedonegreat.However,apriceslightlyexpensive,therequirementsofpartsbeforeassembly1.Rollingcleaningwithgasoline,keroseneotherpartscleaning.AllpartsandXiangbennanotallowedtohaveanyimpuritiesexist.GearboxandtheinnerwallWorm,unprocessedsurfacehasnotbeencoatedtwiceerosionresistantoilpaint,boxhastheoutersurfacecoatedprimerandpaintcolorcolorrequestedbyhost.2.PartscoatedwithafacewashafterlubricantsSecond,therequirementsofinstallationandadjustment1.RollinginstallationRollingbearinginnerringshouldbeinstalledattheshaftshoulderclosetogapmustnotpass0.05mmthickCypriotfeet.2.Bearingaxialclearanceoftheclearancecannotbeadjustedbearingssuchasdeepgrooveballbearings,axialclearanceof0.25to0.4mmtheclearanceadjustablebearingaxialclearancenumericaltable.ClickTaperedRollerBearingsaxialclearanceangularcontactballbearingaxialclearance3.GearWormmeshingtoothspaceavailableCypriotsidefootofleadorpressure.Willbeleadwireonthealveolar,andthenturninggearandsquashleadwire,measuringtwoteethsidewascrushedleadwirethicknessandthesizeofwhichisadjacentteeth.4.ToothcontactdotcylindergeartoothcontactDot2104bevelgeartoothcontactDot2114GearingcontactDot2124Third,sealrequirements1.Boxpartitionbetweenthesurfacedoesnotallowanypadsfilled,butcanbecoatedorwaterglasssealanttoensurethattheseal2.Assembly,thebolttighteningbox,beforeusing0.05mmCypriotfootinspectionCoversBlockwithmeandbetweenthesealingsurface3.Shaftsealshouldstretchtosmeargrease.ThesealshouldbeinstalledinstrictaccordancewiththerequirementsForth,lubricationrequirements1.Rationallydeterminethetypesoflubricantsandgreasesandgrades2.Bearinglubricationfat,greasefilledinthegeneralFatliquorspacecanbe1/2to2/3.3.Lubricantsshouldberegularlyreplaced,thenewreducerusedforthefirsttime,theoperationofoil714days,accordingtothesituationcanbeafterevery3to6monthsforfirstoil.Fifth,thetestrequirements1.Emptyoperationatratedspeedis,antirunning1to2hours2.Loadtestatratedspeed,ratedloadoperation,theoiltemperaturebalancetodate.Onthegearreducer,requestedthepooltemperatureisnotmorethan35oC,bearingtemperaturerisenomorethan40oCthewormreducer,requestedthepooltemperaturenotmorethan60oC,bearingtemperatureofnotmorethan50oC3.Entiretestingprocessforthesmoothoperation,noise,notlooseningthefixedlink,sealed,notwiththeSixth,packagingandtransportationrequirements1.ProtrudingshaftanditsannexshouldOilerpackaging2.Handling,liftingmaynotusescrewringsandlugalloftheabovetechnicalrequirementsarenotnecessarilylisted,andsometimesalsobyotherprojects,mainlybythespecificdesignrequirements.Seventh.Technicalrequirements1.Assembly,allpartscleaningwithkerosene,gasolineRollingcleansing,whiletheexistenceofanydebris.Oilisnotpaintedwallcorrosioncoatingstwice2.Backlashwithleadwiremeshtestofnotlessthan0.16mm,leadwireBacklashmaynotexceedthesmallestofthefourtimes3.UsedTucolordottest.Toothhighpointofcontactbynotlessthan40ofcontactspotsonteethnotlessthan50percent.Canbeusedwhennecessary,grindingorscrapingaftergrindingtoimprovecontacts4.Bearingaxialclearanceshouldbeadjustedφ400.050.1mm,φ550.080.15mm5.Testreducersubdivisionsurface,thecontactsurfaceandseal,oilspillsarenotallowed.SplitTuallowedtopaintorwaterglasssealandallowtheuseofanyfiller6.EnginelubricantstothecontentsN100provisionsheightBelowIintroduceourcountryreductiongearthedevelopmentpresentsituationFirst,thedomesticreductiongearmanybythegeardrive,thewormdriveprimarily,buthasthepowerandtheloadratiogenerallyissmall,orvelocityratiogreatandmechanicalefficiencyexcessivelylowquestion.Moreover,inthematerialqualityandthetechnologicallevelalsohasmanyweakness,thelargescalereductiongearquestionisspeciallymoreprominent,theservicelifeisnotlong.Thedomesticuselargescalereductiongearabove500kw,manyfromoverseasforexampleDenmark,GermanyandsoonimportsThe60sstartfewtoothreductiongearsandsoondifferencetransmission,cycloidpingeartransmission,overtonetransmissionwhichproduceshasthevelocityratiotobebig,volumesmall,mechanicalefficiencyhighermerit.Butitstransmissiontheorylimit,cannottransmittheoversizedpower,thepowerallmustbesmallerthangenerally40kw.Becauseinthetransmissiontheoretically,thetechnologicallevelandthematerialqualityaspecthasnotbrokenthrough,therefore,hasnotbeenablefundamentallytosolvethetransmissionpowerinabigway,thevelocityratiobig,thevolumesmall,theweightlight,mechanicalefficiencyhighertheserequestsbasically.The90sinitialperiod,thehomeappearsthreelinksgearthereductiongear,isonekindofoutsidestablemotiongeardrivereductiongear,itmayrealizethegreatvelocityratio,transmissionloadabilityisalsobig.Itsvolumeandtheweightarealllighterthanthedeadaxlespeedreducergear,thestructureissimple,theefficiencyisalsohigh.Becausethisreductiongearthreeaxleparallelstructure,thereforecausedthepower/volumeorweighttheratioisstillsmall.Alsoitsinputaxisandtheoutputshaftontheidenticalspoolthread,thisdonothaveintheusemanyinconveniently.NotonlyBeijingInstituteofTechnologydevelopsinsuccessfulstablemotionspeedreducergeartohaveoutsidethreelinkreductiongearmerit,butalsohasthebigpower/weightorvolumetheratio,aswellastheinputaxisandtheoutputshaftonidenticalspoolthreadmerit,isatthedomesticleadingposition.Thehomehastheminoritycollegeandthefactoryandminingenterprisedoestheresearchworktoinstablemotiongeardrivecertainprinciples,haspublishedsomeresearchpaper,inhasdonesomeworkusingthecycloidaltoothcroprotationstablemotionreductiongear.Second,thestablemotionspeedreducergearprincipleofworksynopsis,thestablemotionspeedreducergearisreferstoinacountergeartransmission,agearinthestablemotiongeneratoractuationmeanplaneparallelmotion,meshingthroughtoothprofilebetween,actuatesanothertoothcroprotationdeadaxletodeceleratetherotation,therealizationreductiongearfunction.Thestablemotiongeneratormayusetheparallelogramorganization,eithersineorganizationorcrossslideorganization.Thisachievementusestheparallelogramorganizationtotakethestablemotiongenerator.Thestablemotiongeneratormaybethehypothesizeduseparallelogramorganization,alsomaybetheentityuseparallelogramorganization.Hasthepracticalvaluestablemotiongearmechanismforincountergearorganization,thereforemaydivideintotheinternaltoothcroprotationstablemotionmovementandtheexternaltoothcroprotationstablemotionmovementtwokindofsituations.Outsidethestablemotiongearreductionorganization,itsinternaltoothcroprotationstablemotionmovement,actuatestheexternalgearandmakesthedecelerationrotationoutput.Thisorganizationalsocallsthreelinksgearthereductiongear.Asaresultoftheinternaltoothcroprotationstablemotion,twocrankcentersestablishoutsidetheannulargeartoothring,thereforeitssizeisnotcompact,cannotsolvethevolumemajorproblem.Instablemotiongearreduction,itsexternaltoothcroprotationstablemotionmovement,actuationinternaltoothcroprotationdecelerationrotationoutput.Asaresultoftheexternaltoothcroprotationstablemotion,twocrankcenterscanestablishintheexternalgeartoothring,reducedtheorganizationoverallsizegreatly.Becauseinstablemotiongearmechanismtransmissionefficiencyhigh,volumesmall,inputoutputcoaxialline,thereforebywidespreadapplicationprospect.Third,thisprojecttechnicalcharacteristicandkeytechnologies1.thisprojecttechnicalcharacteristics,inthisnewstablemotionspeedreducergearanddomesticandforeignhadthespeedreducergearcompares,hasthefollowingcharacteristic1velocityratioscopeisbig,getsupfromI10,mayreachmostgreatlyseveralthousand.Ifmanufacturesthegreatvelocityratiothereductiongear,thendemonstratesthisreductiongearthemerit.2transmissionpowerscopeisbigAndmayconnectabodymanufacturewiththeelectricmotor.3structuresimple,thevolumesmall,theweightislight.Reducesabout1/3comparedtotheexistingspeedreducergear.4mechanicalefficiencyishigh.955thisreductiongearinputaxisandtheoutputshaftareontheidenticalspoolthread.ThisreductiongearseeTable1withotherreductiongearperformancecomparison.Becauselacksthedata,variousreductiongearspower/loadratiowhichinthetablearrangesinorderismostsuperior.Table1EachkindofreductiongearcomparisonmodelpowerkwreductiongearratioqualitykgQI4509331.51820ZSY2509531.5540NGW9288.131.5577SEWGermany9028.611300NP10010030400NoteNP100isinthestablemotionspeedreducergear,theSEWreductiongearqualitycontainstheelectricalmachinery.2.thisprojectkeytechnologiesMayknowbyFigure2,instablemotionspeedreducergearisbyannulargearZ2,externalgearZ1andtheparallelogramorganizationcombinationbecomes.ItstransmissionprincipleisTheelectricalmachineryinputrotarymotion,theexternaltoothcroprotationparallelmigration,itscenterofcirclepathisacircle,makesthedeadaxlerotationwithitmeshingannulargear.Becauseexternaltoothcroprotationparallelmigration,thereforename

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