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外文翻译--单片机历史.doc

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外文翻译--单片机历史.doc

附录一英文文献MONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITHISTORYTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITWASBORNINTHELATE1970S,HASEXPERIENCEDSCM,MCU,THESOCTHREEBIGSTAGES1SCMNAMELYMONOLITHICMICROCOMPUTERSINGLECHIPMICROCOMPUTERTHESTAGE,MAINLYSEEKSTHEBESTMONOLITHICSHAPEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMSBESTARCHITECTURE“THEINNOVATIONPATTERN”OBTAINSSUCCESSFULLY,HASESTABLISHEDSCMANDTHEGENERALPURPOSECALCULATORCOMPLETELYDIFFERENTDEVELOPMENTPATHINFOUNDSONTHEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMINDEPENDENTDEVELOPMENTPATH,INTELCORPORATIONHASLASTINGACHIEVEMENTS2MCUNAMELYMICROCONTROLLERMICROCONTROLLERUNITTHESTAGE,THEMAINTECHNOLOGICALDEVELOPMENTDIRECTIONISEXPANDSUNCEASINGLYWHENSATISFIESTHEEMBEDDEDAPPLICATION,THEOBJECTSYSTEMREQUESTSEACHKINDOFPERIPHERALCIRCUITANDTHEINTERFACECIRCUIT,UNDERLINEITSOBJECTINTELLECTUALIZATIONCONTROLITINVOLVESTHEDOMAINISRELATEDWITHTHEOBJECTSYSTEM,THEREFORE,DEVELOPSTHEMCUHEAVYRESPONSIBILITYTOFALLINEVITABLYONELECTRICAL,THEELECTRONICTECHNOLOGYFACTORYLOOKINGFROMTHISANGLE,INTELFADESOUTTHEMCUDEVELOPMENTALSOTOHAVEITSOBJECTIVEFACTORGRADUALLYISDEVELOPINGTHEMCUASPECT,THEMOSTFAMOUSFACTORYFAMILYBELONGINGSCOUNTPHILIPSCORPORATIONPHILIPSCORPORATIONBYITINEMBEDDEDAPPLICATIONASPECTHUGESUPERIORITY,MCS51FROMMONOLITHICMICROCOMPUTERRAPIDLYEXPANDTOMICROCONTROLLERTHEREFORE,WHENWEREVIEWTHEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMDEVELOPMENTPATH,DONOTFORGETINTELANDTHEPHILIPSHISTORICALMERIT3MONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITISTHEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMSROADOFINDEPENDENTDEVELOPMENT,TOTHEMCUSTAGEDEVELOPMENTSIMPORTANTATTRIBUTE,SEEKSAPPLICATIONSYSTEMSONCHIPMAXIMIZEDSOLUTION;THEREFORE,THESPECIALPURPOSEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSDEVELOPMENTHASFORMEDTHESOCTENDENCYNATURALLYALONGWITHTHEMICROELECTRONICTECHNOLOGY,THEICDESIGN,THEEDATOOLSDEVELOPMENT,CANHAVETHEBIGDEVELOPMENTBASEDONTHESOCMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITAPPLICATIONSYSTEMDESIGNTHEREFORE,TOTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITTHEUNDERSTANDINGMAYFROMTHEMONOLITHICMICROCOMPUTER,THEMONOLITHICMICROCONTROLLEREXTENDTOTHEMONOLITHICAPPLICATIONSYSTEMMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSAPPLICATIONDOMAINATPRESENTTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSEEPSEACHDOMAINWHICHLIVESTOUS,WHICHDOMAINWASNEARLYVERYDIFFICULTTOFINDNOTTOHAVEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSTRAILMISSILESNAVIGATIONEQUIPMENT,ONTHEAIRPLANEEACHKINDOFMEASURINGAPPLIANCESCONTROL,COMPUTERSNETWORKCOMMUNICATIONANDTHEDATATRANSMISSION,THEINDUSTRIALAUTOMATIONPROCESSSREALTIMECONTROLANDTHEDATAPROCESSING,THEWIDESPREADUSESEACHKINDOFINTELLIGENTICCARD,THECIVILLUXURYCARSSAFETYSYSTEM,THEVIDEOCORDER,THECAMERA,THECOMPLETELYAUTOMATICWASHERSCONTROL,ASWELLASPROGRAMCONTROLTOY,ELECTRONICPETANDSOON,THESECANNOTLEAVETHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSAYNOTHINGOFAUTOMATICCONTROLDOMAINROBOT,INTELLIGENTMEASURINGAPPLIANCE,MEDICALINSTRUMENTTHEREFORE,MONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSSTUDY,THEDEVELOPMENTANDTHEAPPLICATIONWILLACCOMPLISHONEBATCHOFCOMPUTERAPPLICATIONANDTHEINTELLECTUALIZEDCONTROLSCIENTIST,ENGINEERTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITWIDELYAPPLIESINTHEINSTRUMENTSANDMETERS,THEDOMESTICELECTRICAPPLIANCES,THEMEDICALEQUIPMENT,DOMAINSANDSOONAEROSPACE,SPECIALPURPOSEEQUIPMENTSINTELLECTUALIZEDMANAGEMENTANDPROCESSCONTROL,APPROXIMATELYSEPARABLEFOLLOWINGSEVERALCATEGORIES1MONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITHASTHEVOLUMEONSMARTINSTRUMENTMEASURINGAPPLIANCESAPPLICATIONTHETOBESMALL,THEPOWERLOSSISLOW,THECONTROLFUNCTIONISSTRONG,THEEXPANSIONISFLEXIBLE,MERITSANDSOONMICROMINIATURIZATIONANDEASYTOOPERATE,WIDELYAPPLYINTHEINSTRUMENTSANDMETERS,THEUNIONDIFFERENTTYPESSENSOR,MAYREALIZESUCHASPHYSICALQUANTITYANDSOONVOLTAGE,POWER,FREQUENCY,HUMIDITY,TEMPERATURE,CURRENTCAPACITY,SPEED,THICKNESS,ANGLE,LENGTH,DEGREEOFHARDNESS,ELEMENT,PRESSURESURVEYSUSESTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITCONTROLTOCAUSETHEINSTRUMENTSANDMETERSDIGITIZATION,THEINTELLECTUALIZATION,THEMICROMINIATURIZATION,ANDTHEFUNCTIONCOMPARESUSESTHEELECTRONORTHEDIGITALCIRCUITISMOREFORMIDABLEFOREXAMPLEPRECISEMEASUREMENTEQUIPMENTDYNAMOMETER,OSCILLOSCOPE,EACHKINDOFANALYZER2MAYCONSTITUTEVARIOUSCONTROLSYSTEM,THEDATAACQUISITIONSYSTEMININDUSTRIALCONTROLSAPPLICATIONWITHTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITFOREXAMPLEFACTORYASSEMBLYLINEINTELLECTUALIZEDMANAGEMENT,ELEVATORINTELLECTUALIZATIONCONTROL,EACHKINDOFALARMSYSTEM,WITHCOMPUTERNETWORKINGCONSTITUTIONTWOSTAGECONTROLSYSTEMANDSOON3MAYSAYLIKETHISINDOMESTICELECTRICAPPLIANCESAPPLICATION,PRESENTSDOMESTICELECTRICAPPLIANCESBASICALLYHAVEUSEDTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITCONTROL,PRAISES,THEWASHER,THEELECTRICREFRIGERATOR,THEAIRCONDITIONER,THECOLORTELEVISION,OTHERACOUSTICVIDEOFREQUENCYEQUIPMENTFROMTHEELECTRICITYFOOD,TOARRIVEATTHEELECTRONICWEIGHTINGEQUIPMENTAGAIN,ALLKINDSOFGATE,OMNIPRESENT4MODERNOFMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITHASTHECORRESPONDENCECONNECTIONGENERALLYINTHECOMPUTERNETWORKANDCORRESPONDENCEDOMAINSAPPLICATIONTHE,MAYCARRYONTHEDATACOMMUNICATIONVERYCONVENIENTLYWITHTHECOMPUTER,FORPROVIDEDTHEEXTREMELYGOODPHYSICALCONDITIONSAPPLICATIONBETWEENTHECOMPUTERNETWORKANDCOMMUNICATIONFACILITYS,PRESENTSCOMMUNICATIONFACILITYHASBASICALLYREALIZEDTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITINTELLIGENTCONTROL,FROMTHEHANDSET,THETELEPHONE,THESMALLPROGRAMCONTROLLEDSWITCH,THEBUILDINGAUTOMATICCORRESPONDENCERINGINGSYSTEM,THETRAINWIRELESSCOMMUNICATION,ARRIVEDATTHEMOBILEPHONEWHICHAGAININTHEROUTINEWORKFOUNDATEVERYWHERE,THECOLONYMOBILECOMMUNICATION,RADIOINTERCOMANDSOON5MONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITSISALSOQUITEWIDESPREADINMEDICALEQUIPMENTDOMAINAPPLICATIONTHEINMEDICALEQUIPMENTUSE,FOREXAMPLEMEDICALLIFESUPPORTMACHINE,EACHKINDOFANALYZER,GUARDIANSHIPMETER,ULTRASOUNDDIAGNOSISEQUIPMENTANDHOSPITALBEDRINGINGSYSTEMANDSOON6CERTAINSPECIALPURPOSEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITDESIGNUSESINEACHKINDOFLARGESCALEELECTRICAPPLIANCESMODULATIONUSINGTHEREALIZINGTHESPECIFICFUNCTION,THUSCARRIESONTHEMODULARAPPLICATIONINEACHKINDOFELECTRICCIRCUIT,BUTDOESNOTREQUESTTOUSETHEPERSONNELTOUNDERSTANDITSINTERNALSTRUCTUREIFMUSICINTEGRATIONMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUIT,LOOKEDTHATRESEMBLESTHESIMPLEFUNCTION,MICROSHRINKSINTHEPUREELECTRONICCHIPISDIFFERENTWITHMAGNETICTAPEUNITSPRINCIPLE,NEEDSCOMPLEXBEINGSIMILARINCOMPUTERSPRINCIPLEFOREXAMPLEMUSICSIGNALSAVESBYTHEDIGITALFORMINTHEMEMORYISSIMILARTOROM,READSOUTBYTHEMICROCONTROLLER,TRANSFORMSISSIMILARFORTHESIMULATIONMUSICELECTRICALSIGNALTOSOUNDCARDINTHELARGESCALEELECTRICCIRCUIT,THISKINDOFMODULARAPPLICATIONREDUCEDTHEVOLUMEENORMOUSLY,SIMPLIFIEDTHEELECTRICCIRCUIT,REDUCEDTHEDAMAGE,THEERRORRATE,ALSOFACILITATESINTHEREPLACEMENTINADDITION,THEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITINTHEINDUSTRYANDCOMMERCE,THEFINANCE,THESCIENTIFICRESEARCH,THEEDUCATION,DOMAINSANDSOONNATIONALDEFENSEAEROSPACEHASTHEVERYWIDESPREADUSETHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITFOUNDEDTHEMODERNELECTRONSYSTEMTIME1THEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITANDEMBEDDEDSYSTEMTHEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMSTEMSFROMCOMPUTERSEMBEDDEDAPPLICATION,THEEARLYEMBEDDEDSYSTEMFORTHEGENERALPURPOSECALCULATORAFTERTHEREEQUIPPINGINSERTSTOTHEOBJECTSYSTEMSINEACHKINDOFELECTRONICSYSTEM,LIKESHIPSAUTOPILOT,TURBINEOBSERVATIONSYSTEMANDSOONTHEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMFIRSTISACOMPUTERSYSTEM,NEXTITISINSERTEDTOTHEOBJECTSYSTEM,REALIZESINTHEOBJECTSYSTEMOBJECTFUNCTIONSANDSOONREQUESTDATAACQUISITION,PROCESSING,CONDITIONDEMONSTRATION,OUTPUTCONTROL,BECAUSEINSERTSINTHEOBJECTSYSTEM,EMBEDDEDSYSTEMSCOMPUTERDOESNOTHAVECOMPUTERSABSOLUTEFORMANDTHEFUNCTIONTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITISCOMPLETELYDEFERSTOTHEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMREQUESTDESIGN,THEREFORETHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITISTHEMOSTTYPICALEMBEDDEDSYSTEMTHEEARLYMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITISONLYACCORDINGTOTHEEMBEDDEDAPPLIEDTECHNOLOGYREQUESTDESIGNCOMPUTERSINGLECHIPINTEGRATION,THEREFOREFAMOUSMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITAFTERWARD,THEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITTOSATISFYEMBEDDEDSTRENGTHENSITSCONTROLFUNCTIONANDTHEPERIPHERYINTERFACEFUNCTIONUNCEASINGLYUSINGTHEREQUEST,PARTICULARLYPROMINENTCONTROLFUNCTION,THEREFOREINTERNATIONALLYRECTIFIEDNAMESTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITFORTHEMICROCONTROLLERMCU,MICROCONTROLLERUNITTHE2MONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITCONSTITUTESTHEMODERNELECTRONSYSTEMWILLBECOMEMAINSTREAMELECTRONSYSTEMTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITWILLBETHECOMPONENTLEVELCOMPUTERSYSTEM,ITMAYINSERTTOANYOBJECTSYSTEM,REALIZESTHEINTELLECTUALIZEDCONTROLSLIGHTLYTOMINIATUREMACHINERY,LIKEWRISTWATCH,HEARINGAIDTHEINTEGRATEDDEVICELEVELSLOWEND,LOWERSTOSEVERALYUAN,SEVERALYUAN,CAUSESTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITTOPOPULARIZESUFFICIENTLYTOMANYCIVILELECTRICALAPPLIANCES,THEELECTRONICTOYTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITCONSTITUTESTHEMODERNELECTRONSYSTEMPENETRATEDINTOVARIOUSEACHHOUSEHOLD,ISCHANGINGOURLIFE,LIKEINFAMILYSOUND,TELEVISION,WASHER,MICROWAVEOVEN,TELEPHONE,BURGLARYPROTECTIONSYSTEM,AIRCONDITIONERANDSOONTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITINNOVATEDTHEORIGINALELECTRONICSYSTEM,AFTERLIKETHEMICROWAVEOVENUSESTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITCONTROL,BUTCARRIESONTHECLOCKESTABLISHMENT,THEPROCEDUREMEMORY,THEPOWERCONTROLCONVENIENTLY;AFTERTHEAIRCONDITIONERUSESTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUIT,NOTONLYTHEREMOTECONTROLPARAMETERESTABLISHMENTISCONVENIENT,THERUNNINGSTATUSTRANSFORMSAUTOMATICALLY,BUTMAYALSOREALIZETHEFREQUENCYCONVERSIONCONTROLAFTERATPRESENTMANYDOMESTICELECTRICAPPLIANCESLIKEVCD,DVDONLYTHENTHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITAPPEARS,ONLYTHENPOSSIBLYREALIZESITSFUNCTION3THEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMHASLEDENTIREELECTRONICINDUSTRYTHEPRESENTELECTRONPRIMARYDEVICEINDUSTRYBESIDESTHEMICROPROCESSOR,THEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMCOMPONENT,MOSTLYISREVOLVESTHEMODERNELECTRONSYSTEMSASSEMBLYTHEPRIMARYDEVICEINDUSTRY,FOREXAMPLESATISFIESTHEPRESSEDKEYWHICHTHEMANMACHINEINTERACTIONUSES,LED/LCDDEMONSTRATEDTHATTHEACTUATION,THELED/LCDDISPLAYUNIT,THEPRONUNCIATIONINTEGRATEDDEVICEANDSOON,SATISFIESTHEDATAACQUISITIONCHANNELREQUESTTHEDIGITALSENSOR,ADC,THEDATAACQUISITIONMODULE,THESIGNALRECUPERATIONMODULEANDSOON,SATISFIESTHESERVOTOACTUATETHECONTROLDAC,THESOLIDRELAY,TOSTEPBYSTEPELECTRICALMACHINERYCONTROLLER,THEFREQUENCYCONVERSIONCONTROLUNITANDSOON,SATISFIESTHECORRESPONDENCEREQUESTEACHKINDOFMAINLINEDRIVER,THELEVELSWITCHANDSOONWORLDELECTRONPRIMARYDEVICEUNDERTHEEMBEDDEDSYSTEMLEADS,ALONGSATISFIESTHEEMBEDDEDAPPLICATIONFULLYTHEMODERNELECTRONSYSTEMREQUESTDEVELOPMENTTHISCAUSESTHEORIGINALCLASSICALELECTRONSYSTEMSWORLDTOBEGETTINGMOREANDMORESMALLINTHEELECTRONICSYSTEMSEACHKINDOFJOBHOLDERSSHOULDCHANGETHEMODERNELECTRONSYSTEMSBROADROADASSOONASPOSSIBLETHEMONOLITHICINTEGRATEDCIRCUITWILLACCOMPLISHTHENEWGENERATIONELECTRONOUTSTANDINGPERSONIFTHE50S,THERADIOWORLDHASACCOMPLISHEDSEVERALGENERATIONOFOUTSTANDINGPEOPLE,THENTHENOWMONOLI

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