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外文翻译--单片机历史.doc

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外文翻译--单片机历史.doc

附录一英文文献MonolithicintegratedcircuithistoryThemonolithicintegratedcircuitwasborninthelate1970s,hasexperiencedSCM,MCU,theSOCthreebigstages.1.SCMnamelymonolithicmicrocomputerSingleChipMicrocomputerthestage,mainlyseeksthebestmonolithicshapeembeddedsystemsbestarchitecture.theinnovationpatternobtainssuccessfully,hasestablishedSCMandthegeneralpurposecalculatorcompletelydifferentdevelopmentpath.Infoundsontheembeddedsystemindependentdevelopmentpath,IntelCorporationhaslastingachievements.2.MCUnamelymicrocontrollerMicroControllerUnitthestage,themaintechnologicaldevelopmentdirectionisExpandsunceasinglywhensatisfiestheembeddedapplication,theobjectsystemrequestseachkindofperipheralcircuitandtheinterfacecircuit,underlineitsobjectintellectualizationcontrol.Itinvolvesthedomainisrelatedwiththeobjectsystem,therefore,developstheMCUheavyresponsibilitytofallinevitablyonelectrical,theelectronictechnologyfactory.Lookingfromthisangle,IntelfadesouttheMCUdevelopmentalsotohaveitsobjectivefactorgradually.IsdevelopingtheMCUaspect,themostfamousfactoryfamilybelongingscountPhilipsCorporation.PhilipsCorporationbyitinembeddedapplicationaspecthugesuperiority,MCS51frommonolithicmicrocomputerrapidlyexpandtomicrocontroller.Therefore,whenwereviewtheembeddedsystemdevelopmentpath,donotforgetIntelandthePhilipshistoricalmerit.3.Monolithicintegratedcircuitistheembeddedsystemsroadofindependentdevelopment,totheMCUstagedevelopmentsimportantattribute,seeksapplicationsystemsonchipmaximizedsolutionTherefore,thespecialpurposemonolithicintegratedcircuitsdevelopmenthasformedtheSOCtendencynaturally.Alongwiththemicroelectronictechnology,theICdesign,theEDAtoolsdevelopment,canhavethebigdevelopmentbasedontheSOCmonolithicintegratedcircuitapplicationsystemdesign.Therefore,tothemonolithicintegratedcircuittheunderstandingmayfromthemonolithicmicrocomputer,themonolithicmicrocontrollerextendtothemonolithicapplicationsystem.MonolithicintegratedcircuitsapplicationdomainAtpresentthemonolithicintegratedcircuitseepseachdomainwhichlivestous,whichdomainwasnearlyverydifficulttofindnottohavemonolithicintegratedcircuitstrail.Missilesnavigationequipment,ontheairplaneeachkindofmeasuringappliancescontrol,computersnetworkcommunicationandthedatatransmission,theindustrialautomationprocesssrealtimecontrolandthedataprocessing,thewidespreaduseseachkindofintelligentICcard,thecivilluxurycarssafetysystem,thevideocorder,thecamera,thecompletelyautomaticwasherscontrol,aswellasprogramcontroltoy,electronicpetandsoon,thesecannotleavethemonolithicintegratedcircuit.Saynothingofautomaticcontroldomainrobot,intelligentmeasuringappliance,medicalinstrument.Therefore,monolithicintegratedcircuitsstudy,thedevelopmentandtheapplicationwillaccomplishonebatchofcomputerapplicationandtheintellectualizedcontrolscientist,engineer.Themonolithicintegratedcircuitwidelyappliesintheinstrumentsandmeters,thedomesticelectricappliances,themedicalequipment,domainsandsoonaerospace,specialpurposeequipmentsintellectualizedmanagementandprocesscontrol,approximatelyseparablefollowingseveralcategories1.Monolithicintegratedcircuithasthevolumeonsmartinstrumentmeasuringappliancesapplicationthetobesmall,thepowerlossislow,thecontrolfunctionisstrong,theexpansionisflexible,meritsandsoonmicrominiaturizationandeasytooperate,widelyapplyintheinstrumentsandmeters,theuniondifferenttypessensor,mayrealizesuchasphysicalquantityandsoonvoltage,power,frequency,humidity,temperature,currentcapacity,speed,thickness,angle,length,degreeofhardness,element,pressuresurveys.Usesthemonolithicintegratedcircuitcontroltocausetheinstrumentsandmetersdigitization,theintellectualization,themicrominiaturization,andthefunctioncomparesusestheelectronorthedigitalcircuitismoreformidable.Forexampleprecisemeasurementequipmentdynamometer,oscilloscope,eachkindofanalyzer.2.Mayconstitutevariouscontrolsystem,thedataacquisitionsysteminindustrialcontrolsapplicationwiththemonolithicintegratedcircuit.Forexamplefactoryassemblylineintellectualizedmanagement,elevatorintellectualizationcontrol,eachkindofalarmsystem,withcomputernetworkingconstitutiontwostagecontrolsystemandsoon.3.Maysaylikethisindomesticelectricappliancesapplication,presentsdomesticelectricappliancesbasicallyhaveusedthemonolithicintegratedcircuitcontrol,praises,thewasher,theelectricrefrigerator,theairconditioner,thecolortelevision,otheracousticvideofrequencyequipmentfromtheelectricityfood,toarriveattheelectronicweightingequipmentagain,allkindsofgate,omnipresent.4.Modernofmonolithicintegratedcircuithasthecorrespondenceconnectiongenerallyinthecomputernetworkandcorrespondencedomainsapplicationthe,maycarryonthedatacommunicationveryconvenientlywiththecomputer,forprovidedtheextremelygoodphysicalconditionsapplicationbetweenthecomputernetworkandcommunicationfacilitys,presentscommunicationfacilityhasbasicallyrealizedthemonolithicintegratedcircuitintelligentcontrol,fromthehandset,thetelephone,thesmallprogramcontrolledswitch,thebuildingautomaticcorrespondenceringingsystem,thetrainwirelesscommunication,arrivedatthemobilephonewhichagainintheroutineworkfoundateverywhere,thecolonymobilecommunication,radiointercomandsoon.5.Monolithicintegratedcircuitsmonolithicintegratedcircuitsisalsoquitewidespreadinmedicalequipmentdomainapplicationtheinmedicalequipmentuse,forexamplemedicallifesupportmachine,eachkindofanalyzer,guardianshipmeter,ultrasounddiagnosisequipmentandhospitalbedringingsystemandsoon.6.Certainspecialpurposemonolithicintegratedcircuitdesignusesineachkindoflargescaleelectricappliancesmodulationusingtherealizingthespecificfunction,thuscarriesonthemodularapplicationineachkindofelectriccircuit,butdoesnotrequesttousethepersonneltounderstanditsinternalstructure.Ifmusicintegrationmonolithicintegratedcircuit,lookedthatresemblesthesimplefunction,microshrinksinthepureelectronicchipisdifferentwithmagnetictapeunitsprinciple,needscomplexbeingsimilarincomputersprinciple.ForexampleMusicsignalsavesbythedigitalforminthememoryissimilartoROM,readsoutbythemicrocontroller,transformsissimilarforthesimulationmusicelectricalsignaltosoundcard.inthelargescaleelectriccircuit,thiskindofmodularapplicationreducedthevolumeenormously,simplifiedtheelectriccircuit,reducedthedamage,theerrorrate,alsofacilitatesinthereplacement.inaddition,themonolithicintegratedcircuitintheindustryandcommerce,thefinance,thescientificresearch,theeducation,domainsandsoonnationaldefenseaerospacehastheverywidespreaduse.Themonolithicintegratedcircuitfoundedthemodernelectronsystemtime1.Themonolithicintegratedcircuitandembeddedsystemtheembeddedsystemstemsfromcomputersembeddedapplication,theearlyembeddedsystemforthegeneralpurposecalculatorafterthereequippinginsertstotheobjectsystemsineachkindofelectronicsystem,likeshipsautopilot,turbineobservationsystemandsoon.Theembeddedsystemfirstisacomputersystem,nextitisinsertedtotheobjectsystem,realizesintheobjectsystemobjectfunctionsandsoonrequestdataacquisition,processing,conditiondemonstration,outputcontrol,becauseinsertsintheobjectsystem,embeddedsystemscomputerdoesnothavecomputersabsoluteformandthefunction.Themonolithicintegratedcircuitiscompletelydeferstotheembeddedsystemrequestdesign,thereforethemonolithicintegratedcircuitisthemosttypicalembeddedsystem.Theearlymonolithicintegratedcircuitisonlyaccordingtotheembeddedappliedtechnologyrequestdesigncomputersinglechipintegration,thereforefamousmonolithicintegratedcircuit.Afterward,themonolithicintegratedcircuittosatisfyembeddedstrengthensitscontrolfunctionandtheperipheryinterfacefunctionunceasinglyusingtherequest,particularlyprominentcontrolfunction,thereforeinternationallyrectifiednamesthemonolithicintegratedcircuitforthemicrocontrollerMCU,MicrocontrollerUnit.the2.Monolithicintegratedcircuitconstitutesthemodernelectronsystemwillbecomemainstreamelectronsystemthemonolithicintegratedcircuitwillbethecomponentlevelcomputersystem,itmayinserttoanyobjectsystem,realizestheintellectualizedcontrol.Slightlytominiaturemachinery,likewristwatch,hearingaid.Theintegrateddevicelevelslowend,lowerstoseveralYuan,severalYuan,causesthemonolithicintegratedcircuittopopularizesufficientlytomanycivilelectricalappliances,theelectronictoy.Themonolithicintegratedcircuitconstitutesthemodernelectronsystempenetratedintovariouseachhousehold,ischangingourlife,likeinfamilysound,television,washer,microwaveoven,telephone,burglaryprotectionsystem,airconditionerandsoon.Themonolithicintegratedcircuitinnovatedtheoriginalelectronicsystem,afterlikethemicrowaveovenusesthemonolithicintegratedcircuitcontrol,butcarriesontheclockestablishment,theprocedurememory,thepowercontrolconvenientlyAftertheairconditionerusesthemonolithicintegratedcircuit,notonlytheremotecontrolparameterestablishmentisconvenient,therunningstatustransformsautomatically,butmayalsorealizethefrequencyconversioncontrol.AfteratpresentmanydomesticelectricapplianceslikeVCD,DVDonlythenthemonolithicintegratedcircuitappears,onlythenpossiblyrealizesitsfunction.3.Theembeddedsystemhasledentireelectronicindustrythepresentelectronprimarydeviceindustrybesidesthemicroprocessor,theembeddedsystemcomponent,mostlyisrevolvesthemodernelectronsystemsassemblytheprimarydeviceindustry,forexamplesatisfiesthepressedkeywhichthemanmachineinteractionuses,LED/LCDdemonstratedthattheactuation,theLED/LCDdisplayunit,thepronunciationintegrateddeviceandsoon,satisfiesthedataacquisitionchannelrequestthedigitalsensor,ADC,thedataacquisitionmodule,thesignalrecuperationmoduleandsoon,satisfiestheservotoactuatethecontrolDAC,thesolidrelay,tostepbystepelectricalmachinerycontroller,thefrequencyconversioncontrolunitandsoon,satisfiesthecorrespondencerequesteachkindofmainlinedriver,thelevelswitchandsoon.worldelectronprimarydeviceundertheembeddedsystemleads,alongsatisfiestheembeddedapplicationfullythemodernelectronsystemrequestdevelopment.Thiscausestheoriginalclassicalelectronsystemsworldtobegettingmoreandmoresmall.Intheelectronicsystemseachkindofjobholdersshouldchangethemodernelectronsystemsbroadroadassoonaspossible.ThemonolithicintegratedcircuitwillaccomplishthenewgenerationelectronoutstandingpersonIfthe50s,theradioworldhasaccomplishedseveralgenerationofoutstandingpeople,thenthenowmonolithicintegratedcircuitworldwillaccomplishthenewgenerationelectronoutstandingperson.1.Themonolithicintegratedcircuitleadsyoutoenterintellectualizedelectrondomain,iftreatsastheclassicalelectronsystemadeathlystiffelectronicsystem,thentheintellectualizedmodernelectronsystemhasthelifetheelectronicsystem.Themonolithicintegratedcircuitapplicationsystemshardwarearchitecturegivestheelectronicsystemthestature,themonolithicintegratedcircuitapplicationsystemsapplicationprocedureentrustswithitthelife.Forexample,whendesignintellectualizationinstrumentmonitorsdemonstrationfunction,maywhenstartingdisplaysystemselfcheckingresult,notwhencomeonthelinedemonstratedeachkindofreadinessforaction,theinstrumentmoveswhendemonstratedthemovementprocess,afterendofjob,mightdemonstratethecurrentresult,theselfcheckingresult,theprimarydata,eachkindofprocessingreportformandsoon.Whenunattended,mayassigneachkindofautomaticmovementfunction.Theelectronsystemsintelligencechangesintothewithoutlimitsboundary,doesnotneedthehardwaresourcetheadditiontobeablefrequentlytorealizeeachkindtorenovatethefunction.Thisisalsooneofcurrentmanydomesticelectricappliancesfunctionmassiveadditionfactors.

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