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外文翻译--基于欧姆龙可编程序控制器的6层立体车库设计.doc

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外文翻译--基于欧姆龙可编程序控制器的6层立体车库设计.doc

英文原文THE6LAYERSSTEREOGARAGEDESIGNBASEDONOMRONPLCZHUORANZHANGDEPARTMENTOFELECTRICALENGINEERINGWUHANPOLYTECHNICUNIVERSITYWUHAN,CHINAEMAILHARRYZZR126COMZHEMAO,HAILINGWANDEPARTMENTOFELECTRICALENGINEERINGWUHANPOLYTECHNICUNIVERSITYWUHAN,CHINAEMAILMAOZHE998SINACOMABSTRACTWITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEMODERNSOCIETY,THENUMBEROFTHEVEHICLESINTHESECITIESHASBEENINCREASINGWITHANEXPONENTIALSPEED;ESPECIALLYTHEPRIVATECARS,PUTTINGAGREATPRESSUREONURBANTRANSPORTATIONANDPARKINGSLOTTHISARTICLEISMAINLYCONCERNEDABOUTTHEENTIRESTRUCTURE,RUNNINGPROCEDUREANDELECTRICALSYSTEMDESIGNINCLUDINGHARDWAREANDPROGRAMDESIGNIDEASFORLIFTINGTRAVERSINGSTEREOGARAGE,WHICHWILLNOTONLYSHORTENTHEDEVELOPINGPERIODBUTALSOORIENTPARKINGTOCENTRALIZATIONANDAUTOMATIONDIRECTION;OWNINGSOMEREFERENCEVALUEKEYWORDSSTEREOGARAGE,OMRONPLC,DESIGNINSUFFICIENTPARKINGSLOTSISRESULTEDFROMTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHECITIES,ECONOMYANDTRANSPORTATIONOFTHECITIES,THETRADITIONALGARAGESAREALWAYSMAKINGTHEUSEOFTHENATUREVACANCY,INACOMMUNITY,THERATIOBETWEENPARKINGSLOTSANDRESIDENTSISAPPROXIMATELY11,ONEPARKINGSLOTFORAFAMILYATLEAST,INORDERTOSOLVETHECONTRADICTIONTHATTHEPARKINGSLOTSUSINGPRECIOUSCOMMERCIALLAND,THESTEREOMECHANICALGARAGESWITHTHEADVANTAGEOFTHEAVERAGEPARKINGSLOTTAKESOFLESSAREAHAVEBEENGRADUALLYINFRONTOFUSCOMPAREDWITHTHETRADITIONALUNDERGROUNDPARKINGGARAGE,THESTEREOGARAGESHAVEMOREADVANTAGESFIRSTOFALL,THESTEREOGARAGESCANSAVEMOREAREATHETRADITIONALWAYSMUSTBEAMASSEDDRIVINGPATHFORVEHICLES,AVERAGELY,ACARWILLTAKEUP40M2IFWETAKEMULTILAYERSGARAGE6LAYERSINTOCONSIDERATION,ITISPOSSIBLEFOR13CARSTOPARKINTHEAREAOF50M2,WHICHWILLSAVELOTSOFLANDRESOURCESANDLANDCONSTRUCTIONEXPENDITUREMEANWHILE,THESTEREOGARAGECOULDGUARANTEETHESAFETYOFTHEPEOPLEANDTHEIRCARSIFTHEREISANYBODYINTHEGARAGEORTHECARSARENOTFULLYSTOPPED,THESYSTEMCONTROLLEDBYELECTRICALEQUIPMENTWILLNOTRUNEITHERITMEANSTHAT,INTHESCALEOFTHEMANAGEMENT,THEMECHANICALGARAGECOULDSEPARATETHEPEOPLEANDVEHICLES,WHICHMAKESITMORESYSTEMATICALLYESPECIALLYFORUNDERGROUNDGARAGES,INSTALLTHISKINDOFGARAGEWILLSAVEALARGEAREAOFILLUMINATIONSYSTEM,SOITISALSOEMERGECONSERVATIONANDENVIRONMENTPROTECTIONⅠTHECLASSIFICATIONANDIMPLEMENTBACKDROPOFTHESTEREOGARAGEATHECLASSIFICATIONOFTHESTEREOGARAGEACCORDINGTOTHEPRESENTDEVELOPMENTOFTHESTEREOGARAGE,THESTEREOGARAGEISINCLUDINGLIFTINGTRAVERSING,ROADWAYSTACKING,VERTICALLIFTING,VERTICALCIRCULATING,CIRCLELEVELCIRCULATION;THECONCEPTOFTHESTEREOGARAGEISALLFROMAUTOMATICLOGISTICMATERIALTRANSMITTINGSYSTEM3THEPURPOSEOFTHESTEREOGARAGEISTOSOLVETHEPARKINGPROBLEMINDEVELOPEDCITIES,THATISMAKEUSEOFLIMITEDAREATOPARKMOREVEHICLESSOASTOSAVELANDRESOURCESOFTHECITIESANDMANAGETHESTATICTRANSPORTATIONOFTHEURBANTHISARTICLEGIVESOUTAWAYTODESIGNLIFTINGTRAVERSINGSTEREOGARAGEBASEDONOMRONPLCCP1H,WHICHCOULDEXTENDTOSOLVERELEVANTPROJECTSBABRIEFINTRODUCTIONTOLIFTINGTRAVERSINGSTEREOGARAGETHEMODULARIZATIONCONCEPTISIMPORTEDINLIFTINGTRAVERSINGSTEREOGARAGEITCANBEDESIGNEDINTOTWOTOFIVELAYERSORHALFUNDERGROUNDTYPE,THENUMBEROFTHESLOTISFROMTENSTOHUNDREDSTHISKINDOFGARAGEISSUITABLEFORBOTHABOVEGROUNDANDUNDERGROUND,THECHARACTERISTICSCOULDBEGENERALIZEDASLESSOCCUPATIONOFLAND,SIMPLESTRUCTURE,FLEXIBLECONFIGURATION,LOWERCOSTINCONSTRUCTION,DECORATIONANDFIREPROTECTIONANDSHORTPERIODOFCONSTRUCTION;SAFEANDCONVENIENTFORSAVINGANDTAKINGCARS;SMOOTHLYOPERATION,LOWERNOISEDURINGRUNNING4ITISALSOAPPROPRIATEFORCOMMERCIAL,BUREAUANDRESIDENTIALUSETHESAFETYEQUIPMENTMAINLYISPHOTOELECTRICALSENSORS,LIMITINGDISPLACEMENTPROTECTORANDEMERGENCYSWITCHCTHEENTIREFRAMEOFTHESYSTEMASTHEFIGLREPRESENTING,BESIDESTHECENTRALCONTROLLERPLC,THESTEREOGARAGESYSTEMCOULDBEDIVIDEDINTOTHREESECTIONSIMECHANICALSYSTEM;ITINCLUDESCOLUMN,BEAM,CARRYINGBOARD,VEHICLEFRAME,HOOKSANDETCIIELECTRICALSYSTEM;THISSECTIONISTHECOREOFTHISARTICLE,WHICHCONTROLSTHEWHOLESYSTEMTOOPERATEIIITOUCHINGPANEL;ITISTHEPORTFROMWHICHOPERATORSANDTHESYSTEMEXCHANGINGMESSAGES,OPERATORSCOULDNOTONLYOPERATETHESYSTEM,BUTALSOINTHESITUATIONOFTHEMALFUNCTION,ITCOULDLETOPERATORENTERTHEMANUALORDEBUGGINGMODEFIGURE1THESTRUCTUREOFTHESYSTEMFIGURE2TOUCHSCREENAUTORUNNINGANDMANUALTHEMAINHARDWAREOFTHESYSTEMWEMAINLYUSETHEOMRONPLCCPH1,ONCONSIDERINGTHECONTROLREQUIREMENTANDTHECOST,WEADOPTINGCP1HX40DRAPLC,THEPROGRAMMINGWAYSARELADDERDIAGRAMORSTINSTRUCTIONLISTTHEINSTRUCTIONLENGTHIS1TO7STEPSPERINSTRUCTION,EACHI/ORELAYSHAS1600PORTS,USB11FORCOMMUNICATIONTHEDISPLAYPART,WEIMPORTSCREENOFWEINVIEWMT6056ISERIES,THESCREENMATERIALISTFT,56INCHES,ANDTHERESOLUTIONIS320X234,WITHUSB20PORTSUPPORTINGDOWNLOADINGTHEFREQUENCYOFTHECPUIS400MHZ,128RAMDTHESYSTEMSTRUCTUREANDFUNCTIONSTHEMECHANICALPARTSCOOPERATINGWITHELECTRICALSYSTEMARECARRYINGBOARD,HOOKSANDCHAINSTHEREARE6SLOTSONEACHLAYERBESIDES7SLOTSONTHETOPLAYER,TOTALLY37SLOTS,THEPURPOSEFORONESLOTEMPTYONEACHLAYERISTHATMAKINGENOUGHSPACEFORCARRYINGBOARDTOMOVETHECARRYINGBOARDSOFTHEFIRSTFLOORONLYDESIGNTOTRAVERSE,ALSOTHETOPFLOORCARRYINGBOARDSAREONLYSUPPOSEDTOLIFTTHEOTHERCARRYINGBOARDSAMONGTHESEFLOORSAREDESIGNEDTOLIFEANDTRAVERSEINTHISWAY,THISSYSTEMCOULDACHIEVETHESAVINGANDTAKINGFROMANYSLOTSAMONGTHESE6LAYERSINADDITION,THISSYSTEMHASATOUCHSCREENSYSTEM,WHICHSWITCHESBETWEENAUTORUNANDMANUALDEBUGGINGMODEUNDERTHEAUTORUNMODE,ITCOULDSELECTACERTAINSLOTTOACCOMPLISHSAVINGANDTAKINGBEHAVIOR,ATTHESAMETIME,MONITORINGTHEOPERATIONOFTHESYSTEMGREENWORDSSYSTEMRUNNINGINAUTOMODEWITHOUTMALFUNCTIONWHENFAILUREOCCURS,THESYSTEMSEIZEDANDONSCREENFLASHINGYELLOWFAILURECODEWITHREDBACKDROP,WITHTHEHELPOFTHEFAILURECODE,THEPROFESSIONALOPERATORCOULDRECOGNIZEANDELIMINATETHEFAILURESPROMPTLYANDACCURATELYONCONSIDERINGMOREAUTHORITIESAREGIVENINMANUALDEBUGGINGMODE,TOPRECLUDEUNPROFESSIONALPERSONSENTERTHEMODEBYCHANCE,BEFOREENTERTHEMODE,THEREISACIPHERVERIFICATION,INWHICHTHESEQUENCECOULDBESETBYOURSELVESTHISWOULDPROTECTTHESYSTEMFROMPOTENTIALDANGERSFIGURE2ISTHEGRAPHOFSYSTEMAUTORUNNING,MANUALANDDEBUGGINGⅡTHECOMPOSUREOFTHEELECTRICALSYSTEMASTRONGELECTRICITYSYSTEMTHESTRONGPOWERSYSTEMINCLUDESPOWERSUPPLY,PROTECTIONANDDRIVINGMECHANISM,HEREISELECTRONICMOTORSINSTALLINGXJ3DONTHEFOREPARTOFTHEPOWERSUPPLYWIRE,WHICHISUSEDTOPROTECTPHASESEQUENCEOFTHETHREEPHASEVOLTAGE,SOTHATGUARANTEETHERIGHTROTATIONOFTHEMOTORSMOREOVER,THEMOTORSONSOMELAYERSUSETHESAMETHREEPHASEVOLTAGEBTHESETOFTHEMOTORSTHEREARE6TRAVERSINGMOTORSONTHEFIRSTLAYER,6TRAVERSINGMOTORSFOR2TO5LAYERSEACH,ANDSOITISWITHLIFTINGMOTORSFOR2TO5LAYERSTHETOPLAYERSHAVEONLY7LIFTINGMOTORSAFTERSETTINGTHEMOTORS,MARKEVERYMOTORFOREXAMPLE,THEMOTORDRIVINGTHETHIRDSLOTOFTHESECONDLAYER,WEMARKITWITH23,THERELAYBEFORETHEMOTORARENAMEDKM23HERESERIESCONNECTALLTHEMOTORSTHERMALPROTECTION,ANYMOTORSPROBLEMWILLSTOPTHESYSTEMINTHISWAY,ITHASNOINFLUENCEONTHESTABILITYOFTHESYSTEM,BUTLOWERSTHECOSTATTHESAMETIME,MAKEITEASIERTOFINDTHEPROBLEMSWHATWENEEDTODOISPRESSTHETHERMALPROTECTIONSWITCHONEBYONECWEAKPOWERSYSTEMTHEWEAKPOWERSYSTEMISALSOTHECONTROLSYSTEM,WHICHAREMAINLYTHEPLCMODEANDITS5EXTENDEDMODULES,ALSOTHESENSORSASTHEFIGUREBELOW,ONTHERIGHTISTHEINPUTPART,DC24V,ONTHELEFT,ISTHEOUTPUTSECTION,AC220V,TOCONNECTWITHCONTACTORSANDDRIVETHEMTHESEDEVICESFUNCTIONSHAVECLOSERELATIONSHIPSWITHTHEENTIRESYSTEMSCONTROLREQUIREMENTSONTHEABOVEOFTHEGRAPH,THEPROTECTIONEQUIPMENTAREEMERGENCYSWITCH,INSTALLEDBESIDETHETOUCHINGPANEL,EMERGENCYONLY,TRIGGERIT,THESYSTEMSTOPS;FRONTANDBACKPHOTOELECTRICALSENSORS,WHICHAREUSEDTODETECTPEOPLEORUNIDENTIFIEDOBJECTSBREAKINGINTOTHESYSTEM,IFTHISHAPPENS,THESYSTEMWOULDSTOPTHENRESPONSEWITHPHOTOELECTRICALFAILURE,THEGOALISTOPROTECTTHEPEOPLEANDTHEVEHICLESTHEPHASESEQUENCEPROTECTIONHASBEENILLUSTRATEDBEFORE;OVERCURRENTPROTECTIONNORMALLYACTIVATEDUNDERTHEMOTORSTUCK;ALLTHEMARGINSWITCHESSERIESCONNECTED,CULTTHEMAINPOWERWHENANYCARRYINGBOARDEXCEEDTHELIMITINGPOSITIONLIMITSWITCHESINCLUDINGUPONESANDDOWNONESORLEFTANDRIGHTLIMITSWITCHESINORDERTOACHIEVETHECONTROLLINGREQUIREMENTS,THELEVELLIMITSWITCHESAREINSTALLEDONTHEBOTHSIDEOFTHEEACHSLOTFRAME,WHILETHEVERTICALLIMITSWITCHESAREINSTALLEDONTHECHAINWHICHATTACHEDTOTHEMOTORITISNECESSARYTOPOINTOUTTHATTHEFIRSTLAYERONLYINSTALLEDDOWNANDLEFTRIGHTLIMITSWITCHES,THETOPLAYERONLYINSTALLEDUPSWITCHESTHESESWITCHESCOULDSENSETHEPOSITIONOFTHECARRYINGBOARDS,HELPINGTOFINISHTHELIFTINGANDTRAVERSINGCONTROL;HOOKPOSITIONSENSORSISTOFIXTHEVEHICLESANDSENSETHESLOTEMPTYORNOTTHEOUTPUTPOINTS0004050607ARETOSELECTDIFFERENTPHASEFOREACHLAYER,SOCONTROLTHEMOTORSROTATIONWAYSFIGURE3PLCMODULESSEGMENTTHEREAREOTHER4EXTENDEDMODULES,WHICHONLYGIVEMOREI/OPORTSTOTHESYSTEM,SIMILARTOTHISMAINPARTⅢOPERATIONPROCEDUREATAKINGPROCEDUREASFARASTHEFIRSTLAYERCONCERNED,ITISONLYDESIGNEDTOTRAVERSE,SOASTOMAKESPACETOUPPERLAYERSCARRYINGBOARDSTOMOVEDOWNWARDSODOTHEOTHERLAYERS,WHICHAREDESIGNEDTOTRAVERSEWHENTRAVERSINGMEETTHEREQUIREMENTS,LIFTINGMECHANISMWILLRUNTOPUTTHECARRYINGBOARDDOWN,FINISHINGTHESAVINGANDTAKINGPROCEDUREDURINGTHEPROCEDURETHEPHOTOELECTRICALSENSORSAREOPENANDWILLBEHAVEASFOREPARTHASEXPLAINEDINFIGURE2A,ISTHETAKINGCONDITION,ATTHISTIMELOADINGWILLFLASHUNTILTHETAKINGPROCEDUREFINISHESWHENWEENTER51,THESYSTEMWILLDISTINGUISHWHETHERTHEOPERATIONISATAKINGORASAVINGACCORDINGTOTHEHOOKOFTHE51SLOTTHENPRINTSTHEMESSAGERESPONDEDTOTHESTATEOFTHEHOOKONTHESCREEN,THEOPERATORCOULDCONFIRMTHEOPERATIONORCANCELITONCONFIRMING,THE51CARRYINGBOARDWILLWAITFORITSDOWNWARDBOARDSTOFINISHTHETRAVERSINGMOVETHENMOVINGDOWNIN

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