会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

   首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

外文翻译--塑料注射模具的并行设计.doc

  • 资源星级:
  • 资源大小:579.50KB   全文页数:18页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:注册会员/VIP会员
您还没有登陆,请先登录。登陆后即可下载此文档。
  合作网站登录: 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录   QQ登录   微博登录
友情提示
2:本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3:本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

外文翻译--塑料注射模具的并行设计.doc

英文原文CONCURRENTDESIGNOFPLASTICSINJECTIONMOULDSAssist.Prof.Dr.A.YAYLA/Prof.Dr.PaşaYAYLAAbstractTheplasticproductmanufacturingindustryhasbeengrowingrapidlyinrecentyears.Oneofthemostpopularprocessesformakingplasticpartsisinjectionmoulding.Thedesignofinjectionmouldiscriticallyimportanttoproductqualityandefficientproductprocessing.Mouldmakingcompanies,whowishtomaintainthecompetitiveedge,desiretoshortenbothdesignandmanufacturingleadingtimesofthebyapplyingasystematicmoulddesignprocess.Themouldindustryisanimportantsupportindustryduringtheproductdevelopmentprocess,servingasanimportantlinkbetweentheproductdesignerandmanufacturer.Productdevelopmenthaschangedfromthetraditionalserialprocessofdesign,followedbymanufacture,toamoreorganizedconcurrentprocesswheredesignandmanufactureareconsideredataveryearlystageofdesign.TheconceptofconcurrentengineeringCEisnolongernewandyetitisstillapplicableandrelevantintodaysmanufacturingenvironment.Teamworkingspirit,managementinvolvement,totaldesignprocessandintegrationofITtoolsarestilltheessenceofCE.TheapplicationofTheCEprocesstothedesignofaninjectionprocessinvolvesthesimultaneousconsiderationofplasticpartdesign,moulddesignandinjectionmouldingmachineselection,productionschedulingandcostasearlyaspossibleinthedesignstagThispaperpresentsthebasicstructureofaninjectionmoulddesign.Thebasisofthissystemarisesfromananalysisoftheinjectionmoulddesignprocessformoulddesigncompanies.Thisinjectionmoulddesignsystemcoversboththemoulddesignprocessandmouldknowledgemanagement.Finallytheprincipleofconcurrentengineeringprocessisoutlinedandthenitsprincipleisappliedtothedesignofaplasticinjectionmould.KeywordsPlasticinjectionmoulddesign,Concurrentengineering,Computeraidedengineering,Mouldingconditions,Plasticinjectionmoulding,Flowsimulation1.IntroductioInjectionmouldsarealwaysexpensivetomake,unfortunatelywithoutamoulditcannotbepossiblehohaveamouldedproduct.Everymouldmakerhashis/herownapproachtodesignamouldandtherearemanydifferentwaysofdesigningandbuildingamould.Surelyoneofthemostcriticalparameterstobeconsideredinthedesignstageofthemouldisthenumberofcavities,methodsofinjection,typesofrunners,methodsofgating,methodsofejection,capacityandfeaturesoftheinjectionmouldingmachines.Mouldcost,mouldqualityandcostofmouldproductareinseparableIntodayscompletiveenvironment,computeraidedmouldfillingsimulationpackagescanaccuratelypredictthefillpatternsofanypart.Thisallowsforquicksimulationsofgateplacementsandhelpsfindingtheoptimallocation.Engineerscanperformmouldingtrialsonthecomputerbeforethepartdesigniscompleted.Processengineerscansystematicallypredictadesignandprocesswindow,andcanobtaininformationaboutthecumulativeeffectoftheprocessvariablesthatinfluencepartperformance,cost,andappearance.2.InjectionMouldingInjectionmouldingisoneofthemosteffectivewaystobringoutthebestinplastics.Itisuniversallyusedtomakecomplex,finishedparts,ofteninasinglestep,economically,preciselyandwithlittlewaste.Massproductionofplasticpartsmostlyutilizesmoulds.Themanufacturingprocessandinvolvingmouldsmustbedesignedafterpassingthroughtheappearanceevaluationandthestructureoptimizationoftheproductdesign.Designersfaceahugenumberofoptionswhentheycreateinjectionmouldedcomponents.Concurrentengineeringrequiresanengineertoconsiderthemanufacturingprocessofthedesignedproductinthedevelopmentphase.Agooddesignoftheproductisunabletogotothemarketifitsmanufacturingprocessisimpossibleortooexpensive.Integrationofprocesssimulation,rapidprototypingandmanufacturingcanreducetheriskassociatedwithmovingfromCADtoCAMandfurtherenhancethevalidityoftheproductdevelopment.3.ImportanceofComputerAidedInjectionMouldDesignTheinjectionmouldingdesigntaskcanbehighlycomplex.ComputerAidedEngineeringCAEanalysistoolsprovideenormousadvantagesofenablingdesignengineerstoconsidervirtuallyandpart,mouldandinjectionparameterswithouttherealuseofanymanufacturingandtime.Thepossibilityoftryingalternativedesignsorconceptsonthecomputerscreengivestheengineerstheopportunitytoeliminatepotentialproblemsbeforebeginningtherealproduction.Moreover,invirtualenvironment,designerscanquicklyandeasilyassesthesensitivityofspecificmouldingparametersonthequalityandmanufacturabilityofthefinalproduct.AlltheseCAEtoolsenablealltheseanalysistobecompletedinameterofdaysorevenhours,ratherthanweeksormonthsneededfortherealexperimentaltrialanderrorcycles.AsCAEisusedintheearlydesignofpart,mouldandmouldingparameters,thecostsavingsaresubstantialnotonlybecauseofbestfunctioningpartandtimesavingsbutalsotheshortensthetimeneededtolaunchtheproducttothemarket.Theneedtomeetsettolerancesofplasticparttiesintoallaspectsofthemouldingprocess,includingpartsizeandshape,resinchemicalstructure,thefillersused,mouldcavitylayout,gating,mouldcoolingandthereleasemechanismsused.Giventhiscomplexity,designersoftenusecomputerdesigntools,suchasfiniteelementanalysisFEAandmouldfillinganalysisMFA,toreducedevelopmenttimeandcost.FEAdeterminesstrain,stressanddeflectioninapartbydividingthestructureintosmallelementswheretheseparameterscanbewelldefined.MFAevaluatesgatepositionandsizetooptimizeresinflow.Italsodefinesplacementofweldlines,areasofexcessivestress,andhowwallandribthicknessaffectflow.Otherfiniteelementdesigntoolsincludemouldcoolinganalysisfortemperaturedistribution,andcycletimeandshrinkageanalysisfordimensionalcontrolandpredictionoffrozenstressandwarpage.TheCAEanalysisofcompressionmouldedpartsisshowninFigure1.TheanalysiscyclestartswiththecreationofaCADmodelandafiniteelementmeshofthemouldcavity.Aftertheinjectionconditionsarespecified,mouldfilling,fiberorientation,curingandthermalhistory,shrinkageandwarpagecanbesimulated.Thematerialpropertiescalculatedbythesimulationcanbeusedtomodelthestructuralbehaviourofthepart.Ifrequired,partdesign,gatelocationandprocessingconditionscanbemodifiedinthecomputeruntilanacceptablepartisobtained.Aftertheanalysisisfinishedanoptimizedpartcanbeproducedwithreducedweldlineknownalsoknitline,optimizedstrength,controlledtemperaturesandcuring,minimizedshrinkageandwarpage.Machiningofthemouldswasformerlydonemanually,withatoolmakercheckingeachcut.ThisprocessbecamemoreautomatedwiththegrowthandwidespreaduseofcomputernumericallycontrolledorCNCmachiningcentres.SetuptimehasalsobeensignificantlyreducedthroughtheuseofspecialsoftwarecapableofgeneratingcutterpathsdirectlyfromaCADdatafile.Spindlespeedsashighas100,000rpmprovidefurtheradvancesinhighspeedmachining.Cuttingmaterialshavedemonstratedphenomenalperformancewithouttheuseofanycutting/coolantfluidwhatsoever.Asaresult,theprocessofmachiningcomplexcoresandcavitieshasbeenaccelerated.Itisgoodnewsthatthetimeittakestogenerateamouldisconstantlybeingreduced.Thebadnews,ontheotherhand,isthatevenwithalltheseadvances,designingandmanufacturingofthemouldcanstilltakealongtimeandcanbeextremelyexpensive.Figure1CAEanalysisofinjectionmouldedpartsManycompanyexecutivesnowrealizehowvitalitistodeploynewproductstomarketrapidly.Newproductsarethekeytocorporateprosperity.Theydrivecorporaterevenues,marketshares,bottomlinesandshareprices.Acompanyabletolaunchgoodqualityproductswithreasonablepricesaheadoftheircompetitionnotonlyrealizes100ofthemarketbeforerivalproductsarrivebutalsotendstomaintainadominantpositionforafewyearsevenaftercompetitiveproductshavefinallybeenannouncedSmith,1991.Formostproducts,thesetwoadvantagesaredramatic.Rapidproductdevelopmentisnowakeyaspectofcompetitivesuccess.Figure2showsthatonly3–7oftheproductmixfromtheaverageindustrialorelectronicscompanyislessthan5yearsold.Forcompaniesinthetopquartile,thenumberincreasesto15–25.Forworldclassfirms,itis60–80Thompson,1996.Thebestcompaniescontinuouslydevelopnewproducts.AtHewlettPackard,over80oftheprofitsresultfromproductslessthan2yearsoldNeel,1997

注意事项

本文(外文翻译--塑料注射模具的并行设计.doc)为本站会员(英文资料库)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网(发送邮件至renrendoc@163.com或直接QQ联系客服),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5