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外文翻译--微型计算机的应用.doc

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外文翻译--微型计算机的应用.doc

附录AApplicationofthemicrocomputerWiththeimprovementoftheperformancecostratioofthecomputer,theapplicationofthemicrocomputerhasbeenalreadymoreandmoreextensive.Theseapplyindustrialandagriculturalproduction,scientificresearch,hightechrespecttoforalargenumberofreports,andthereareremarkableeconomicbenefitsandsocialbenefit,inotherrespects,forinstancetraffic,postandtelecommunications,healthcare,cultureandsports,etc.begintoproducetheobviousbenefittoo.Atpresent,theapplicationofthecomputerhasalreadyenteredintoofficeautomationandfamilylife.Thesystemcomposedofmicrocomputers,itshouldbeusedforsaying,Fanisbrightandveryextensive,buttosumup,thereisthefollowingseveralrespectmainly.1.Scientificcaculationscientificcaculationwhethercomputersystemuseearly,mosttypicalsubjectmost,becauseinproductionandscientificresearch,willoftenmeetalotofcomplicatedmathematicsquestions.Forexampleinthefields,suchasastronomy,quantumchemistry,aerodynamics,nuclearphysics,etc.,needtorelyonthecomputertocarryoncomplicatedoperation.Militarily,transmissionofguidedmissileandflightcalculationcontrol,modernantiaircraftsystem,etc.oftrackmilitaryinstallationsbyheavysystemthatcomputercontrolusually.Modernaviation,spaceflighttechnicaldevelopment,suchasthedesignofthesupersonicaircraft,satellite,andcarrierrockettrackcalculateleavecomputer.Besidesnationaldefenceandmostadvancedscienceandtechnology,computerfromotherdisciplinesandengineeringdesignsuchasmathematics,mechanics,bridgedesign,architecture,buildingengineeringdesign,etc.arewidelyusedtoointhefield,havepromotedthedevelopmentofeveryscienceandtechnology.Somesystem,requirecomputerresulttodealwithincomeactonorinfluencethingthatpunishconverselyimmediately,amongcontrollingsystemthatguidedmissilefly,measureparameterincludestheflightenvironmentthatguidedmissileflyconstantly,andreactintime,reviseorbitthatguidedmissilefly,suchasystemiscalledtherealtimeprocesssystem.Characteristicofscientificcaculationpersonwhocalculateheavyandnumbervalueheavytochangetherange.2.Dataprocessingpresentmostcomputersallusedindataprocessing.Isitisitprovedataworkingconditionofcomputertocomewithbankingsystemdepositorforexampletodealwithnow.Punishdeposit,withdrawthemoney,payoutwagesandotherdirectlyofdepositorwithcomputersuchascreditcardsystem,salesoutletsystem,etc.banking,thiskindofcomputersystemgenerallydisposesmanyterminaldevices,useforanddataentrycomputerorforpaycashautomaticallyrelevantinformationofdepositorwithdrawthemoney.Thecreditcardisacardwithonesmallmagneticstripeofapieceofabove,rememberonthemagneticstripethatthereareholderscharacteristics,suchasserialnumberetc.informationisasinsertbankbehindthesocketofterminaldevice,characteristicinformationthatwritedownonthemagneticstripestudyincomputerlinkedwithterminalstationtoenter.Ifcreditcardholderdepositorofbankthis,automatictotakeouttheaccountrelatedtothisdepositorofcomputercomputerhavethen,carryondeposit,withdrawthemoneyorworkoftransferingaccountsetc.,settleaccountamountofmoneyafterdepositinthecomputeragain.Thecreditcardcanalsobuythethings,anyplaceinwhichthereiscorrespondingbankingterminalstation,thedepartmentcanpaythebillwithit.Transferstaffmemberssalarytothebankdirectlythroughthecomputersystem,adddepositamountofmoneytogetdepositorrealizethatgrantsthesalaryautomaticallyautomatically.Fromhaveexamplecanbeseen,thedatahandlingsystemhasthecharacteristicsthatthedateoutamountofintroductionisgreatandcalculatesandverysimple.Inordertorealizethebankingprocedurewheredepositsandwithdrawalsareprocessedatanybranchbankbetweeneverysavingsbankandusethecreditcardinotherconsumptionplaces,thecomputerneedsnetworkingandusing.DevelopedIccardrapidlyinrecentyearsintegratedcircuitcard,useitasthecreditcard,havehigherprivacyandsecurity.Becauseminiaturecomputersystemmoreandmoreheavytostorecapacity,variouskindsofbusinessadministrationapplicationsoftwareperfectandnotabundantdaybyday,soinmodernbusinessadministration,usethemicrosystemtobeparticipatedinmanaging,haseconomizedalargeamountofmanpower,materialresources,haveacceleratedataprocessingtime,hasimprovedenterprisesmanagementlevel.1.Countpersonwhorevealcontrolforcomputerthatcontrol,itinputinformationvoltage,temperature,mechanicalpositionanalogquantityoften,shouldchangethemintothefigureamountfirst,calledthemodulustochange,thenthecomputercoulddealwithorcalculate.Resultofcomputerfigureamount,wantdosetheychangeanalogquantitygotargetofcontrollinggenerally,claimthatthemouldischanged.UseexistingnewcomputerofCAD,reachthelabourintensityofdesignautomationorthesemiautomaticdegreeandraisedesigningquality,thisisanimportantcontentofCADtoo.Becausethedesignworkcannotbeseparatedfromfigure,generallyforauxiliarycomputerdesignedandusedtoallocateequipment,figurelanguage,figuresoftware,etc.,suchasgraphicaldisplay,plotter,etc..Designercaninputthroughspecialpurposesoftwaretheseoutputequipmentinputcomputerdesigningrequirementorscheme,calculateandshowtheresulttreatedlythroughthecorrespondingapplicationprogram,thedesignercanreviseorchoosewiththelightpenortheGeniusmouse,untilitissatisfied.4.Alotofhumanmentallaboursofartificialintelligence,isitneedintelligencetosuchasprovemathematicstheorem,carryongeneralknowledgereasoning,understandnaturallanguage,diagnosedisease,playchessthegame,brokencryptography.Artificialintelligencetoisitdeducehumanbrainreasoningthoughtprocess,ruleandtactics,skilladopted,etc.compileintoacomputerprogramtogoon,storesomegenerallyacknowledgedtruthsandreasoningrulesinthecomputer,thenletthemachineexplorethemethodtosolveaproblemautomatically,sothiskindofprocedureisdifferentfromthegeneralapplicationprogramofthecomputer.Artificialintelligenceispaidwiththegreatattentioninsuchaspectsasunderstanding,machinevisionandsenseofhearingofthenaturallanguageatpresent.Naturallanguagewhethermankindassociateusedlanguage,computerunderstanditverydifficult,becausepeople,throughonesownproduction,life,socialactivities,owntohavealargeamountof,highlysimilarmessageorknowledgeamongbrain,computerhave,semantemethatthenormalpersontalksinadditionrelatestocontextevenoften,carryonreasoningordemonstratetothecontentoftalkingthatdrawssomeconclusionssometimes.Theintelligentrobotiscomprehensiveresultsofdifferentsubjectsforresearchofartificialintelligence,isitperceiveandunderstandsurroundingenvironment,carryonreasoningandhandleabilityoftooltohave,andcanfinishacertainmovementthroughlearningtoadapttothesurroundingenvironment.Itisforplacewhereitallowpeopletoentersuchashightemperature,havematerialnotradioactive,etc.userobotnottobespecialmeaningedSensorsAsensorcanbephysical,chemicalabundance,biomassconversionintoelectricalsignals,andotherdevices.Outputsignalsofdifferentforms,suchasvoltage,current,frequency,pulse,etc.,cansatisfyinformationtransmission,processing,recording,display,control,automaticdetectionsystemandautomaticcontrolsystemindispensablecomponents.Ifthecomputerthanforthebrain,thenthesensoristheequivalentoffacialfeatures,Sensorscanbemeasuredcorrectlyfeelingsandconvertedintothecorrespondingoutputoftheperformanceofthesystemplaysadecisiverole.Thehigherdegreeofautomation,sensorsystemtothehigherrequirements.SensortechnologyisthemoderninformationtechnologyoneoftheimportantpillarsmoderninformationtechnologytothethreepillarsSensortechnology,communicationsandcomputertechnology,isthefastestgrowinginternationalhightechindustry,havebroadapplicationmarket.Accordingtoreports,19ofglobalsensormarketof114billiondollarsin2003isexpectedtoreach20.8billionU.S.dollars.Inrecentyears,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryhasdevelopedrapidly,sensortechnologyhasbeendevelopedrapidly.Lookingtothefuture,largescaledomesticneedslotsofsensors,actuatorsandinstrumentation.Chinaisexpectedinthesensoroutputin2005reached13.416.8100million.Forexample,by2010,Chinasautomobileproductionwillreach6million,thatisonlyinthecarontheneedsof100millionsensors.Chinascurrentproductionofthesensorshasbeenexportedoverseas,thedomesticmarketisalsobecomingmoreandmorebroadandsensorproductswithnumerouscountries.Thesesensorsandequipment

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