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外文翻译--挖掘机国内现状与市场开发之分析.doc

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外文翻译--挖掘机国内现状与市场开发之分析.doc

1THEEXCAVATORDOMESTICPRESENTSITUATIONANDTHEMARKETDEVELOPMENTANALYSISTHEEXCAVATORHASBEENWIDELYADOPTEDINMANYINDUSTRIESOFTHENATIONALECONOMICCONSTRUCTION,ASTHEMECHANIZEDCONSTRUCTIONOFINDUSTRIALANDCIVILCONSTRUCTION,TRANSPORTATION,WATERCONSERVANCYELECTRICALENGINEERING,FARMLANDTRANSFORMATIONOFMINING,ASWELLASMODERNMILITARYENGINEERINGANDSOONINDUSTRYFORWARDALARGEEXCAVATORPRODUCTION,MINIATURIZATION,AVARIETYOFFUNCTIONSPECIALIZATIONFOREIGNEXCAVATORINDUSTRY,EMPHASISONTHEUSEOFNEWTECHNOLOGIES,NEWPROCESSES,NEWSTRUCTURESANDNEWMATERIALS,TOACCELERATETHEPACEOFDEVELOPMENTTOSTANDARDIZATION,SERIALIZATION,UNIVERSALTHESERIESPRODUCTIONOFEXCAVATORSHASBEENFORMEDINCHINAINRECENTYEARSHASALSODEVELOPEDMANYNEWPRODUCTS,THEINTRODUCTIONOFFOREIGNADVANCEDHIGHERPRODUCTIVITYOFTHEEXCAVATORMODEL一、AVATORCATEGORYDRIVEMODEINTERNALCOMBUSTIONENGINES,ELECTRICPOWER;TRANSMISSIONHYDRAULIC,MECHANICAL;WALKWAYCRAWLER,WHEELEDWALKER,AMPHIBIANS;BUCKETASINGLEBUCKET,BUCKET,SHOVEL,BACKHOE,GRABSHOVEL,DRAGLINE;PURPOSEGENERALMOTORS,MINING,MARINE,SPECIALTY;SIZEMINI,SMALL,MEDIUM,LARGE,GIANT;BRANDEUROPESUCHASGERMANY,LIEBHERRTHELIEBHERR,UNITEDKINGDOMJCB,VOLVOOFSWEDENVOLVO,THEUNITEDSTATES,SUCHASCARTERCAT,CASETHECASE,JAPAN,SUCHASKOMATSUKOMATSUHITACHIHITACHI,GODSTEELKOBELCO,KATOKATO,SUMITOMOSUMITOMO,SOUTHKOREA,SUCHASDOOSANDOOSAN,MODERNHYUNDAI,DOMESTIC,SUCHASXCMGXCMG,SANYSANY二、DEVELOPMENTSITUATIONANDDEVELOPMENTTRENDTWOEXCAVATORSCHINAANDABROAD1、PRESENTSTHECHARACTERISTICSDOMESTICEXCAVATORMARKET1SOUTHEASTCOASTALECONOMICDEVELOPEDREGIONSISSTILLEXCAVATORSALESHOTFROMTHEEXCAVATORMARKETDISTRIBUTIONAREA,THEAREASOFSHANDONG2PROVINCE,JIANGSUPROVINCEANDZHEJIANGPROVINCEASTHEMOSTSTRONGSALESOFTHENATIONALEXCAVATOR2EXCAVATORSALESMARKETINTHEWESTERNREGIONHASGREATPOTENTIALWITHTHEIMPLEMENTATIONOFTHESTRATEGYOFTHECOUNTRYSWESTERNDEVELOPMENT,WESTERNREGIONPROVINCES,MUNICIPALITIESANDANUMBEROFKEYPROJECTSHAVESTARTED,DEVELOPMENTANDCONSTRUCTION,HAVEBEENEXPANDINGASAFAST,EFFICIENTCONSTRUCTIONMACHINERY,THEHYDRAULICEXCAVATORINCREASINGLYBLINDGREEN3BANKS,CORPORATIONS,INSURANCE,ANDTHEINTERACTIONTOPROMOTETHEDEVELOPMENTOFEXCAVATORSALESMARKETAFTERCHINAJOINSTHEWTO,THEMARKETCOMPETITIONBECOMESINCREASINGLYFIERCE,ENTERPRISES,DEALERSHAVEBEENFULLYAWAREOFTHENECESSITYANDIMPORTANCEOFMORTGAGESALESINRECENTYEARS,MAJORBANKSHAVEWITHTHEMAJOREXCAVATORMANUFACTURERSSUCHASHEFEIHITACHI,KOMATSU,YANTAIDAEWOO,CHANGZHOUHYUNDAI,CATERPILLAR,ANDSHANTUI,XCMG,LIUGONG,XIAMENENGINEERING,SANY,ETC10SEVERALCOMPANIESHAVESIGNEDACOOPERATIONAGREEMENT,SALESSECUREDLOANSERVICESTOTHESEENTERPRISESTHERELATIONSHIPBETWEENSUCHBANKSANDENTERPRISESCOOPERATION,NOTONLYPROMOTETHEDEVELOPMENTOFBANKCREDIT;BUTALSOLEDTOTHEDEVELOPMENTOFINTERMEDIATEBUSINESSASSETTLEMENTAGENTTOREACHTHEBANKSANDENTERPRISESOFBOTHSIDESINTERACTION,THEEFFECTOFTHEWINWIN2、CHINAANDABROADWITHONEBUCKETHYDRAULICEXCAVATORDEVELOPMENTSITUATIONANDDEVELOPMENTTRENDTHEOVERALLTECHNOLOGICALLEVELOFDOMESTICSMALLDUGINTHELEVELOFINTERNATIONALTWENTIETHCENTURY,THELATEEIGHTIESEARLYNINETIES,THEGAPWITHFOREIGNADVANCEDTECHNOLOGYISMAINLYREFLECTEDINTHEWHOLEMATCH,MICROOPERATINGPERFORMANCE,MAINTAINABILITY,RELIABILITY,ANDAPPEARANCEQUALITYATTHISSTAGEISSTILLINTHESTAGEOFIMITATION,LACKOFAWARENESSOFSELFDEVELOPMENTCAPACITYANDTOEXPLORETHEIROWNSSTRENGTHSTHEADVANTAGESOFDOMESTICBRANDSISSTILLMAINLYBUILTONTHEPRICEADVANTAGEANDSERVICEADVANTAGES,TECHNICALLYCANNOTBECOMPAREDWITHTHEINTERNATIONALADVANCEDLEVELTHEFUTUREDEVELOPMENTWILLBESUBJECTTOALONGPERIODOFTIMETHETWOMAINPARTS,ONEISPOWER,HYDRAULICPARTSDOMESTICPOWERTOCONTENDWITHIMPORTEDPOWERWILLTAKESOMETIME,3WHILETHEDOMESTICHYDRAULICPARTSREPLACETHEIMPORTEDHYDRAULICPARTSISEVENMORETREMENDOUSEFFORTSTHECURRENTLEVELFOREIGNEXCAVATORSCANCALLITBECOMINGPERFECT,GETTINGBETTER,THERELIABILITYITSFUNCTION,SMOOTHOPERATIONANDCOMFORTDOELABORATE,EVENIFTHECABSAPPEARANCEANDTEXTURECANCASTOROILPLANTDOMESTICCARSCURRENTDEVELOPMENTTRENDSFOREIGNEXCAVATORSMAINLYREFLECTEDINTOAMULTIMULTIFUNCTIONALOBJECTIVES;TOIMPROVEOPERATIONALPERFORMANCEGOALSINTELLIGENT;POWERMODECONTROLTOACHIEVEENERGYSAVING;DYNAMICDESIGNANALYSISBASEDONRELIABLEDESIGN;CABDESIGN;PEOPLECENTEREDDEVELOPMENTAUTOMATICMONITORINGSYSTEMBASEDMICROELECTRONICSTECHNOLOGYHYDRAULICEXCAVATORSDUETOTHEUSEOFPERFORMANCE,SUPERIORONTECHNICALINDICATORSANDECONOMICINDICATORS,ANDTHUSINMANYCOUNTRIESWORLD,PARTICULARLYININDUSTRIALCOUNTRIESARESEEKINGTODEVELOPSINGLEBUCKETHYDRAULICEXCAVATORATPRESENT,DEVELOPMENTUNITHYDRAULICEXCAVATORFOCUSONIMPROVEMENTPOWERANDTRANSMISSIONINORDERTOACHIEVEENERGYEFFICIENT;EXPANDINGRANGEOFAPPLICATIONS,TOCONTINUOUSLYREDUCECOSTS,STANDARDIZE,MODULARDEVELOPMENT,INORDERTOIMPROVERELIABILITYPARTS,ACCESSORIES,THEREBYENSURINGTHEWHOLETHERELIABILITYMACHINE;COMPUTERMONITORINGANDCONTROL,MECHANICALANDELECTRICALINTEGRATION;MECHANICALOPERATINGPERFORMANCE,REDUCENOISE,REDUCEDOWNFORMAINTENANCETIMEANDIMPROVEABILITYTOADAPTELIMINATENUISANCE,ITSTENDENCY①TOLARGESCALEDEVELOPMENTATTHESAMETIMETODEVELOPMENTMINIATURIZATION②MOREWIDESPREADADOPTIONOFENERGYSAVINGTECHNOLOGIES③CONTINUOUSLYIMPROVETHERELIABILITYANDSERVICELIFE④WORKDEVICESTRUCTURESCONTINUETOIMPROVE,EXPANDINGTHESCOPEOFWORK⑤DRIVENBYINTERNALCOMBUSTIONENGINESTOELECTRICDRIVE⑥HYDRAULICSYSTEM,CONTINUOUSIMPROVEMENT,CONSTANTLYUPDATEDHYDRAULICCOMPONENTS⑦APPLICATIONOFMICROELECTRONICS,GAS,HYDRAULICOTHERMECHANICALANDELECTRICALINTEGRATIONTECHNOLOGIES4⑧INCREASEBUCKETCAPACITY,INCREASEPOWER,IMPROVEPRODUCTIONEFFICIENCY⑨ERGONOMICDESIGNFULLYUTILIZED3、CHINAANDABROADWITHONEBUCKETHYDRAULICEXCAVATORSKEYTECHNOLOGIESEXCAVATORKEYTECHNOLOGIESINTHREEAREAS,NAMELYLIQUIDCONTROLANDELECTRONICCONTROLTECHNOLOGY;POWERTECHNOLOGYANDSTRUCTURALDESIGNANDMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGYTHEFLUIDCONTROLTECHNOLOGY,THEMACHINESONTHEMARKET,THENEGATIVEFLOWCONTROL,THELSCONTROL,FLOWCONTROL,SUCHASHYDRAULICCONTROL,MAXIMUMNEGATIVEFLOWCONTROLEXCAVATORSALES,BUTFLOWMOREENERGYEFFICIENTANDFUTURETRENDSPOSITIVEFLOWCONTROLTECHNOLOGYINTERNATIONALBRANDONBEHALFOFHITACHIANDKOBELCO,SANYHEAVYMACHINERYISTHELEADINGDOMESTICDEVELOPMENTOFTHEPOSITIVEFLOW;NEGATIVEFLOWCONTROLASTHEREPRESENTATIVEOFCARTERANDKOREADEPARTMENTOFEXCAVATORS,MOSTEXCAVATORSNEGATIVEFLOWCONTROL,BUTALSOSOMEENTERPRISESINTHEDEVELOPMENTOFPOSITIVEFLOWEXCAVATOR;HYBRIDISSTILLINTHERESEARCHANDDEVELOPMENTSTAGE,MOREENERGYEFFICIENTELECTRONICALLYCONTROLLEDEXCAVATOR,BUTHASSOMELIMITATIONS;WITHTHEDEVELOPMENTOFLOWCARBONECONOMYISTHEFLOWCONTROL,ANDHYBRIDEXCAVATORWILLGRADUALLYBECOMEMAINSTREAM,THEENGINELOWEMISSIONSANDHIGHEFFICIENCYISANINEVITABLEREQUIREMENT,STRUCTURALDESIGNANDMANUFACTURINGBUTALSOADAPTTOTHEENERGYSAVINGANDENVIRONMENTALPROTECTION三、DOMESTICANDFOREIGNDISPARITIESANDDEVELOPMENTREQUESTBECAUSEOURCOUNTRY’SEXCAVATORMAINLYISTHENECESSARYRELIABILITYPOSTSALESERVICE,WITHOVERSEASCOMPARESHASTHEQUITEBIGDISPARITYDISPLAYSINTHEDOMESTICALLYPRODUCEDEXACTIONCARLOADERMAINLYISTHENECESSARYRELIABILITYISINFERIOROVERSEASEXISTENCERELIABLEQUESTIONINCLUDINGCRUDEOILENGINEHYDRAULICPRESSUREHYDRAULICSYSTEMCLEANLINESSTRANSMISSIONPART,ELECTRICALSYSTEMANDELECTRICAPPLIANCEPARTFASTENINGTECHNOLOGYANDSEALTECHNOLOGYTIREANDWORKINSTALLMENTANDSOONTHEEXCAVATORPRODUCTPERFORMANCEDIFFERENCE,THERELIABILITYARELOWEXCEPTRECENTYEARSFROMOVERSEASINTRODUCTIONSOMEPRODUCTSTHE

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