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外文翻译--普通全钢冲模的冲压精度分析.doc

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外文翻译--普通全钢冲模的冲压精度分析.doc

外文翻译专业名称机械设计制造及其自动化班级学号学生姓名指导教师填表日期2011年1月17日GeneralallsteelpunchingdiespunchingaccuracyAccuracyofpanelpunchingpartisdisplaythepressaccuracyofthedieexactly.Buttheaccuracyofanypunchingpartslineardimensionandpositionalaccuracyalmostdependontheblankingandblankingaccuracy,.Sothatthecompoundmouldofcompoundpunchingsaccuracy,istypicalnessandrepresentationinthemajority.AnalyseofthediesaccuracyFortheanalyseofpracyicableinaccuracyduringproductionofdiestoinactivation,wecouldgetthetendencywhenitisaugmentationinmosttime.Fromthiswecouldanalysetheelements.Whenthenewpunchdiesptintoproductiontothefirstcuttergrinding,theinaccuracyproducedcalledinitialerrorifthediegrindingmorethantwentytimes,untilitsdiscard,theinaccuracycalledconventionalerrorandbeforethediesdiscard,thelargesterrorofthelastbatchpermit,calledlimitingerror.atjobsite,theevidencetoconfirmlifeofsharpeningisthehigheroftheblanking,punchedholeorpunchedparts.Becauseallfinishedpartshadbeenblanked,soitisespeciallyforthecompounddies.Therefore,theanalyseofburrandmeasurementisespeciallyimportantwhendothemasenterprisestandardizationorcheckedwith.Theinitialerrorusuallyistheminimalthroughthewholelifeofdie.Itsmagnitudedependontheaccuracyofmanufacture,quality,measureofthepunchingpart,thicknessofpanel,magnitudeofgapanddegreeofhomogeneity.Theaccuracyofmanufacturedependonthemanufactureprocess.Forthe1mmthickedcompoundpunchingpartmadeinmediumsteel,theexperimentalresultandproductivepracticeallprovethattheburrofdieswhichproducedbysparkcuttingarehigher2530thanproducedbygrinder,NCorCNC.ThereasonisthatnotonlythelatterhavemoreexactmachiningaccuracybutalsothevalueofroughnessRaislessoneorderthantheformmer,itcanbereached0.025μm.Therefore,thediesinitialblankedaccuracydependsontheaccuracyofmanufacture,qualityandsoon.Thenormalerrorofthepunchdieisthepracticableerrorwhenthefistcuttergrindingandthelastcuttergrindingbeforethedieproducethelastqualifiedproduct.Astheincreaseofcuttergrinding,causedthemeasurethenaturewearofthediesaregradualincreasing,theerrorofpunchingpartincreasealso,sothepartsareblewproof.Andthediewillbeunused.Theholeonthepartandinnerbecausethemeasureofwearwillbesmallandsmallgradually,anditsoutsideformwillbelagerinthesamereason.Therefore,theholeandinnerforminthepartwillbemademouldaccordingtoonewaypositivedeviationornearlyequaltothelimitmaxmeasure.Inlikemanner,thepunchingpartsappearancewillbemademouldaccordingtoonewaynegativedeviationornearlyequaltolimitminimeasure.Forthiswillbebroadenthenormalerror,andthecuttergrindingtimeswillbeincreased,thelifewillbelong.Thelimiterrorinpunchingpartsarethemaxdimensionerrorwhichpracticableallowedinthepartswithlimiterror.Thiskindofpartsusuallyarethelastqualifiedproductsbeforethediediscard.Fortheallclassesofdies,ifweanalysethefluctuate,tendencyofincreaseanddecreaseandlawwhichappearedinthedieswholelife,wewillfindthatthemasteroftheerrorarechangelesstheerrorthatbecausetheabradeofthecutterandimpressionwillbeasthecuttergrindingtimesincreasedatthesametime.Andthatwillcausetheerroroversizegraduallyandalsohaveanotherparterrorareunconventional,unforeseen.Therefore,everydieserrorarecomposedoffixederror,systemerror,accidenterrorandsoon.1.fixederrorAtthewholeprocesswhentheNewpunchingdiebetweenjustinputproductiontodiscard,thechangelessmastererrorthatinqualifiedpartarecalledfixederror.Itsmagnitudeisthedeviationwhenthedieproductionqualifiedproductsbeforethefirstcuttergrinding.Alsoistheinitialerror,butthediehaveinitialpunchingaccuracyatthistime.Becauseoftheabradeofparts,thedieaftergrindingwillbechangethedimensionerror.Andtheincrementofdeviationwilloversizeasthetimesofcuttergrinding.Sothepunchingaccuracyaftercuttergrindingalsocalledgrindingaccuracyandlowertaninitialaccuracy.Thefixederrordependontheelementsfactorasfollowed1thematerial,sorts,structure,formdimension,andthickofpanelthemagnitudeofpunchinggapanddegreeofhomogeneityarehaveaimportanteffectforthedimensionaccuracy.Differentpunchingprocess,material,thickofpanel,havecompletelydifferentgapandpunchingaccuracy.AgearH62whichmadeinyellowbrasswiththesamemodenumberm0.34,2mmthickandhadacenterhole,whenthegapgetC0.5tsingleedge,andpunchedwithcompoundpunchingdie,andthedimensionaccuracyreachedIT7,theparthaveaflatsurface,theverticalityoftangentplanereached89.5°,itsroughnessRamagnitudeare12.5μm,heightofburrare0.10mmandthepunchingpartarepunchedwithprogressivedie,thegapC7tsingleedge,initialaccuracyareIT11,andhaveanmoreroughsurface,evencanseethegapwitheyes.Intheusualsituation,flushesamaterialanditsthicknesstistheselectionpunchinggapmainbasis.OncethedesignationgaphaddeterminedflushestheplanesizethefixederrormainbodyFlushesthestructurerigidityandthethreedimensionalshapeaffectsitsshapepositionprecision.2punchingcraftandmolderstructuretype

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