会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

   首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > PDF文档下载

外文翻译--机构和机器原理 英文版.pdf

  • 资源星级:
  • 资源大小:128.79KB   
  • 资源格式: PDF        下载权限:注册会员/VIP会员
您还没有登陆,请先登录。登陆后即可下载此文档。
  合作网站登录: 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录   QQ登录   微博登录
友情提示
2:本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3:本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

外文翻译--机构和机器原理 英文版.pdf

MECHANISMSANDMACHINETHEORYAurelianVadean∗,DimitriLeray,JeanGuillotAdeapartmentofMechanicalEngineering,EcolePolytechniquedeMontreal,P.O.Box6079,StationCentreVille,Montreal,Québec,CanadaH3C3A7bLaboratoiredeGenieMecaniquedeToulouseCOSAM,INSAToulouse,135AvenuedeRangueil,ToulouseCedex4,Automotivesubactuatorstoothsideclearanceadjustmentoptimizationtechniques1.IntroductiontoMechanismThefunctionofamechanismistotransmitortransformmotionfromonerigidbodytoanotheraspartoftheactionofamachine.Therearethreetypesofcommonmechanicaldevicesthatcanbeusedasbasicelementsofamechanism.1、Gearsystem,inwhichtoothedmembersincontacttransmitmotionbetweenrotatingshafts.2、Camsystem,whereauniformmotionofaninputmemberisconvertedintoanonuniformmotionoftheoutputmember.3、Planeandspatiallinkagesarealsousefulincreatingmechanicalmotionsforapointorrigidbody.Akinematicchainisasystemoflinks,thatis,rigidbodies,whichareeitherjointedtogetherorareincontactwithoneanotherinamannerthatpermitsthemtomoverelativetooneanother.Ifoneofthelinksisfixedandthemovementofanyotherlinktoanewpositionwillcauseeachoftheotherlinkstomovetodefinitepredictableposition,thesystemisaconstrainedkinematicchain.Ifoneofthelinksisheldfixedandthemovementofanyotherlinktoanewpositionwillnotcauseeachoftheotherlinkstomovetoadefinitepredictablepositionthenthesystemisanunconstrainedkinematicchain,Amechanismorlinkageisaconstrainedkinematicchain,andisamechanicaldevicethathasthepurposeoftransferringmotionand/orforcefromasourcetoanoutput.Alinkageconsistsoflinksorbars,generallyconsideredrigid,whichareconnectedbyjoints,suchaspinCorrevoluteorprismaticjoints,toformopenorclosedchainsorloops.Suchkinematicchains,withatleastonelinkfixed,becomemechanismsifatleasttwootherlinksremainmobility,orstructuresifnomobilityremains.Inotherwords,amechanismpermitsrelativemotionbetweenitsrigidlinksastructuredoesnot.Sincelinkagesmakesimplemechanismsandcanbedesignedtoperformcomplextasks,suchasnonlinearmotionandforcetransmissiontheywillreceivemuchattentioninmechanismstudy.Mechanismsareusedinagreatvarietyofmachinesanddevices.Thesimplestclosedlooplinkageisthefourbarlinkage,whichhasthreemovinglinksplusonefixedlinkandfourpinjoints.Thelinkthatisconnectedtothepowersourceorprimemoverandhasonemovingpivotandonegroundpivotiscalledtheinputlink.Theoutputlinkconnectsanothermovingpivottoanothergroundpivot.Thecouplerorfloatinglinkconnectedthetwomovingpivots,therebycouplingtheinputtotheoutputlink.Thefourbarlinkagehassomespecialconfigurationscreatedbymakingoneormorelinksinfiniteinlength.Theslidercrankorcrankandslidermechanismisafourbarchainwithasliderreplacinganinfinitelylongoutputlink.Theinternalcombustionengineisbuiltbasedonthismechanism.Otherformsoffourlinkmechanismsexistinwhichasliderisguidedonamovinglinkratherthanonafixedlink.Thesearecalledinversionsoftheslidercrank,producedwhenanotherlinkthecrank,coupler,orsliderisfixedlink.Althoughthefourbarlinkageandslidercrankmechanismareveryusefulandfoundinthousandsofapplications,wecanseethattheselinkageshavelimitedperformancelevel.Linkageswithmoremembersareoftenusedinmoredemandingcircumstances.Howeveritisoftendifficulttovisualizethemovementofamultilooplinkage,especiallywhenothercomponentsappearinthesamediagram.Thefirststepinthemotionanalysesofmorecomplicatedmechanismsistosketchtheequivalentkinematicorskeletondiagram.Theskeletondiagramservesapurposesimilartothatoftheelectricalschematicorcircuitdiagram.OrganizationmovementanalysissecondstepDrawsagraphicchart,ismustdeterminetheorganizationthenumberofdegreesoffreedom.Basedondegreeoffreedom,butItalyrefersneedscertainindependentinputsthemovementnumber,bydeterminedorganizationallcomponentsareoppositeinthegroundposition.Thepeoplehavethousandsofdifferenttypesconceivablythelinkmotiongear.YoumayimagineabagcontainingmassivelinkmotiongearthecomponentTwopolegroups,threepolegroups,fourpolegroupsandsoon,aswellascomponents,rotation,motion,camfollower,gear,toothchain,chainwheel,leatherbelt,beltpulleyandsoon.Spheremovement,screwviceaswellasthepermissionthreedimensionalrelativemotionotherconnectionsnotyetincludes,here,discussesinparallelplanesmerelyplanemotion.Moreoveryouconceivableputthesecomponentsvarioustypeslinkmotiongearpossibilitywhichformsinthesameplace.HowexistshelpsthepeopletocontrolformstheseorganizationstheruleInfact,themajorityorganizationdutyisrequestsasoleinputtotransmittoasoleoutput.Thereforethesingledegreeoffreedomorganizationusesmostonekindoforganizationtype.Forexample,namelymayseebytheintuitionFourpoleorganizationsareasingledegreeoffreedomlinkmotiongear.Thepicturemotiondiagramandthedeterminationorganizationdegreeoffreedomprocess,isthemovementanalysisandthesynthesisprocessfirststage.Inthemovementanalysis,addsonitscharacteristicaccordingtotheorganizationgeometryshapewhichpossiblyknewforexampleinputangle,speed,angleaccelerationandsoonstudiesthedeterminationconcreteorganization.Ontheotherhand,themovementsynthesisisdesignsanorganizationtocompletethedutyprocesswhichaninstituterequests.Inthis,choosestheneworganizationthetypeandthesizeisamovementsynthesispart.Conceivestherelativemotionability,canguessthereasonthatdesignsanorganizationthereasonandmakestheimprovementtoaconcretedesignabilityislikethisasuccessfulorganizationscientistssymbol.Althoughtheseabilitiescomefromthecongenitalcreativity,howevermoreisbecausehasgraspedthetechnologywhichenhancesfromthepractice.1.1Themovementanalysissimpleoneofmostusefulorganizationsisfourpoleorganizations.Inonfollowingelaborationmajorityofcontentcentralismdiscussionlinkmotiongear,butthisprocedureisalsosuitableforthemorecomplexlinkmotiongear.Wealreadyknewfourpoleorganizationshaveadegreeoffreedom.Aboutfourpoleorganizations,hastheusefulmorecontentswhichmustknowIndeedissomeThesepulltheXiaohusbandcriterionincludingthestandard,thetransformationconcept,theblindspotpositiondivergencepoint,branchoffice,transmissionangle,withtheirsmovementcharacteristic,includingposition,speedandacceleration.Fourpoleorganizationsmayhaveonekindofbeingcalledascrankrockerorganizationform,onekindofdoublerockingleverorganization,onekindofdoublecranktensionbardoestheorganization,whichoneformsendiniscalledastheorganization,isdecidedintwopolemovementscopeswhichfixedcomponentconnectswiththerack.Thecrankrockerorganizationinputcomponent,thecrankmayrevolvethrough360°andthecontinuousrotation,butoutputsthecomponenttomaketheundulationmerelyi.e.swingmember.Asanexceptionalcase,intheparallelfourpoleorganization,inputsthepolethelengthtobeequaltooutputsthepolethelength,thegobetweenlengthandthefixedlinkracklength,alsoisequal.Itsinputandtheoutputallmaymakethecompletealternationrotationortransformthebeingcalledasantiparallelquadrangleorganizationtheoverlappingstructure.ThestandardpullstheXiaohusbandcriteriontheoremtoindicatethat,Ifinfourpoleorganizations,betweentwopolescandowillfullyrelativelyrotatescontinuously,that,itslongestpolelengthissmallerthansumofwiththeshortestpolelengthorisequaltosumoftheothertwopolelength.ShouldpayattentionThesamefourpoleorganization,mayhavethedifferentform,whichpoleisthisdecidedinwasstipulatedi.e.makesfixedlinkastherack.Themovementtransformationprocessisinthefixedorganizationtransmissionchaindifferentmemberhasthedifferentorganizationrateprocess.Besideshasaboutthecomponentrotationscopeknowledge,butalsomusthavehowcausestheorganizationbeforethemanufactureonenergytherevolutionthegoodmeasure,thatwillbeveryuseful.HardenberghHartenbergspeaksofTherevolutionisterminology,itssignificancepassestooutputsthecomponentthemovementvalidity.Itmeanttherevolutionissteady,inwhichcaninoutputinthecomponenttohaveastrengthorthetorquebiggestforcecomponentiseffective.Notonlyalthoughthefinaloutputstrengthorthetorquearetheconnectingrodgeometricfigurefunctions,moreoveralsoisgenerallythepowerortheforceofinertiaresult,thatisfrequentlybigtolikestaticstrengthseveraltimes.Inordertoanalyzetheidlingorinordertoeasytoobtainhowcancauseanyorganizationtherevolutiontheindex,thetransmissionangleconceptisextremelyuseful.Inorganizationmovementperiod,thetransmissionanglevalueischanging.Thetransmissionangle0°mayoccurinthespecialposition.Willoutputthepolebutinthisspecialpositionthemovementwithnottoexertinputsonthepolethestrengthmanytohavenothingtodowithgreatly.Infact,asaresultofthemovementvicefrictioninfluence,thegeneralbasispracticalexperience,withthetransmissionangleplanningboardwhichisbiggerthantherating.Theweightlinkmotiongeartransmissionmovementabilitymatrixfoundationdefinitionalreadystudied.Adeterminingfactorvalueitincludesregardingsomeassignsorganizationgraph,positionoutputmovementvariabletoinputvariablederivativeisathislinkmotiongearinconcretepositionmobilitycriterion.Iftheorganizationhasadegreeoffreedome.g.fourpoleorganizations,thenstipulatedalocationparameter,iftheinputangle,completelydeterminedthisorganizationstopspositionneglectbranchofficespossibility.Wemaystudyoneaboutfourpoleorganizationcomponentabsoluteangularpositionanalysisexpression.Whenanalyzescertainpositionsandorcertaindifferentorganizationtime,thiswillbemustbemuchmoreusefulthanthegeometricfigureanalysisprogram,becausethisexpressionwillcausetheautomatedcomputationeasytoprogram.Therealizationorganizationspeedanalysisrelativevelocitylawisthespeedpolygonisoneofseveraleffectivemethods.Thisendgoesagainstthespottorepresentontheorganizationallspots,hasthezerospeed.Fromthisthelinewhichstipplesrespectivelytothespeedpolygoninisrepresentingtheabsolutespeedwhichthisorganizationphotographwellshouldselectrespectively.Inalineconnectionspeedpolygonrandomtwopointsrepresentsistakingonthisorganizationtwocorrespondingspotrelativevelocity.Othermethodistheinstantaneouscenterlaw,namelytheinstantaneouscenterlaw,thismethodisextremelyusefulmoreoverisfrequentlywhenthecomplexlinkmotiongearanalysisquickmethod.Theinstantaneouscenterisaspot,thisspotinthatflash,onbetweentheorganizationtwocomponentsdoesnothavetherelativemotion.Inordertodiscoverknownorganizationcertaininstantaneouscenterstheposition,KennedytheKennedythreecentertheoriesextremelyareuseful.Itissaidthat,Eachotherrelativemotionthreeobjectthreeinstantaneouscentersaresurelyinastraightline.Theorganizationvariouscomponentsaccelerationismakesonebeinterested,becauseitaffectstheforceofinertia,subsequentlyaffectsthemachinepartthestress,thebearingload,thevibrationandthenoise.Becausethefinalgoalisthemachineandtheorganizationforceofinertiaanalysis,theallaccelerationvariouscomponentsallshouldthedisposablepictureintheorganizationfixedcomponentinertialcoordinatesystemexpressintheidenticalcoordinatesystem.ShouldpayattentionIsoppositeinrotatesonthevicerotationrigidbodyanaccelerationcomponentusuallytohavetwofixedly.Aforcecomponentdirectioncutsinthispath,itsdirectionissamewiththisobjectangleaccelerationdirection,andiscalledthetangentialacceleration.Itsexistenceiscompletelybecausetheangularspeedrateofchangecauses.Anothercomponent,alwaysaimsattheobjectthecenterofrotation,iscalledthestandardthecentripetalacceleration,becausethiscomponentthevelocityvectordirectionhasthechangetoexist.ThemovementcomprehensiveGanizationisformsmanymechanismsthebasicgeometrystructuralunits,thesemechanismsincludingautomaticpackaging,printer,mechanicaltoy,textilemachineryandothermachineriesandsoon.Thetypicalorganizationmustdesigncausesthemovementwhichtherigidcomponentrelativedatumcomponentproduceshoped.Theorganizationmovementdesignisthemovementsynthesis,firststepfrequentlydesignstheentiremachinefirst.Whenconsiderationstress,mustaskdynamicsaspectquestion,thebearingload,thestress,thelubricationandsoonthesimilarquestion,butthemajorproblemisthemachinestructurequestion..Themovementscientistdefinesthekinematicsasthedevelopmentfacilitymovementandthefoundationorganizationmethod.Thisdefinitionfirstpartinvolvesthekinematicanalysis.Theknownorganization,itsconstitutionstateofmotiondeterminedbythekinematicanalysis.Thenarrationmovementanalysisdutycontainstheorganizationbetweenthemaindimension,thecomponentlinksmutuallywiththeinputmovementtechnicalcharacteristicortheactuationmethod.Thegoalismustdiscoverthedisplacement,thespeed,theacceleration,theimpactorthebeattwostepaccelerations,withvariouscomponentshigherorderaccelerationwhichpossiblyoccursaswellasdescribesthediametermarkandthemovementwhichrealizesbycertaincomponents.Thedefinitionsecondpartofavailablefollowingtwoaspectexplained1.researchproduceswiththeaidoftheorganizationassignsthemovementthemethod.2.researchconstructiontobeabletoproduceassignsthemotionthemethod,butintwoplans,themovementisassignstheorganizationisthefoundation.Thisisthemovementsynthesisessence.Suchmovementsynthesisinvolvestoforassignstheperformancetheorganizationsystemdesign.Themovementsynthesisaspectmaysumupasfollowingtwokinds1.typesarecomprehensive.Thestipulationrequeststheperformance,howisonekindoftypeorganizationappropriateToothgeartrain,linkmotiongearCamgearHowmanycomponentsbutshouldtheorganizationhaveHowmanydegreesoffreedomneedsHowoutlinestructureishoped.Aboutthemembernumberandthedegreeoffreedomconsiderationwasusuallyconsideredisinthetypesynthesisisbeencalledasforaquantitysynthesisbranchdomain.2.sizesarecomprehensive.Themovementsynthesissecondpredominanttypeisthebestmethodwhichdeterminedthroughthegoallaw.Thesizesynthesisattemptstodeterminetheorganizationtheimportantsizeandthestartingposition,thisorganizationisconceivesbeforehandfortherealizationstipulationdutyandtheanticipatedperformance.Ofthesocalledimportantsizemeaningsarereferabouttwopoles,threepolesandsoonbetweenthelengthorthepoleareawayfrom,anglebetweennumberofarticlesandspoolthread,camcontoursize,camfollowerdiameter,eccentricity,gearquotaandsoon.Expectedtheorganizationtypepossiblyisthecrankslideorganization,fourpoleorganizations,thetapereelfromthemovingpartscamgear,butorisnonhassomekindofstructureshapemorecomplexlinkmotiongearbecausebytheanalysissitusmethodwhichtheinferioranalyticmethoddetermined.Iscomprehensiveregardingthemovement,intheconventionhasthreedutiesFunctionproduction,pathproductionandmovementproduction..Inputsandoutputsthecomponentinthefunctionproductionorganizationtherotationorthemigrationmustbetheinterdependence.Regardingarbitraryfunctionyfx,amovementsynthesisdutypossiblyisdesignsalinkmotiongeartocausetheinputandtheoutputestablishestherelationsinordertocauseinthexoxxn1scopetoinputaccordingtoxmovement,butoutputsaccordingtotheyfxmovement.Intheinputandintheoutputgyroscopicmotionsituation,thecornerphiandphirespectivelyisxandtheylinearsimulation.Wheninputsrotatestoanindependencexvalue,inoneblackboxintheorganization,causestooutputwhichthecomponenttochangetocorrespondsinthevaluewhichbyfunctionyfxdecided.Thismayconsideristhemechanicalanalogycomputersimplesituation.Eachkindofdifferentorganizationallmaycontaininthistheblackboxin,howeverproducesregardingthearbitraryfunctionnonerror,fourpoleorganizationsarehelpless,possiblymatchesmerelyinthelimitedprecisionwithit.Itwidelyusesintheindustry,becausefourpoleorganizationsintheconstructionandtheserviceallaresimple.Inthepathproductionorganization,infloatsthewalkingbeamonaspottohavetodrawonetobeoppositeinafixedcoordinatesystemdeterminationpath.Ifthispathspotisbothmustandhavetoberelatedwiththetimecorrelationwiththeposition,thisdutyiscalleditthepredeterminedcyclicalpathproduction.Apathproductionorganizationexampleisthedesignthrowsthebaseballorthetennisfourpoleorganization.Inthiscase,willselectPthepathwillbethisPicksaballinthepredeterminedposition,andtransmitsinthepredeterminedtimecyclealongthepredetermineddiametermarktheball,canachievetheappropriatespeedandthedirection.Inthemechanismdesignhasmanysituations,bothmustguidetherigidbodyinthesesituationsthroughaseriesofstipulations,theindependentpositionwhichlimits,andmustlimitinthereductionwhenindependentpositionnumber,tothevehiclespeedandortheaccelerationrestrains,thatisnecessary.MovementproductionorrigidbodyguidingorganizationrequestAcompleteobjectmustguidepassesapredeterminedmovementsequence.Tooktheobjectwhichguidesusuallyisthefluctuationcomponentnotonlyapart,thatisthetargetpointPpath,alsoisandinsertsinthisobjectthroughthisspotthelinerotation.Forexample,thispossiblyrepresentsintheautomatedmachineryacarrier,butthathasapredeterminedpathinacarrieronspotthiscarrieralsotohaveapredeterminedangleposition.Thepredeterminedwaychargercablewaybucketmovementisthemovementproductionorganizationanotherexample.Thecablewaybucketendpathhasthelimit.Becauseitsportmustrealizetheexcavationpath,isfollowingcloseonthepathwhichmustrealizepromotesandfallsintorrents.Thecablewaybucketanglepositiontoguaranteedfightsthematerialtofallintorrentsfromthecorrectpositionsimilarlyisbutactuallyimportant.ThecamandthegearcamgearischangesonekindofmovementChengLingonekindofmovementtheconvenienceinstallment.Thiskindofmachineparthasthecurvedsurfaceorthetroughsurface,thiscurvedsurfaceorthetroughsurfacewithpassestofromthemovingpartsappropriatematchmergethemovementfromthemovingparts.Thecammovementusuallyisrotationistransmittedfordoesfromthemovingpartstheundulationorthemigration,orbothhave.Becausevariousgeometricsolidandthemassivecamswithunifyfromthemovingparts,thereforethecamisonekindofextremelynumerousfunctionmultipurposemachineparts.Althoughthecamandfromthemovingpartsmayforthemovement,thepathandthefunctionproductiondesigns,butitmainlyisusesinusingthecamandtakesthefunctionproductioncomponentfromthemovingparts.Accordingtothecamshape,themostuniversalcamtypeisDisctransmissioncamtwodimensional,namelyplaneandcylindricalcamthreedimensional,namelyspaceorganization.MayuseseveralmethodsfromthemovingpartstoclassifyAccordingtofromthemovingpartsmovement,forexamplethemigrationortheundulationclassifies,accordingtothetranslationtypestraightlinefromthemovingpartsmovementisalongtheradialdirectionfromthecamshaftcenterbiasandthebasisfromthemovingpartscontactfaceshapeforinstanceplane,rollarounds,spotknifepointtype,sphericalsurface,planecurveorspacelikesurface.Regardingonetothehearttranslationrollerfromthemovingpartsdiskcam,maydrawandcamsurfacecontactingalsowiththewheelaxleconcentricmostsmallcircleisthebasecircle.Thefollowerspotproducesthepitchlinerollaroundscenterspot.Theangleofpressureistherollercenterpathcourselineandpassestherollaroundscenterbetweenthepitchlinenormalincludedanglemoreoveristhetransmissionanglecoangle.Theneglectfrictionalinfluence,thisnormaldirectionwiththecamwithfromthemovingpartsthecontactforcedirectionisthesuperpositionconsistent.Inalinkmotiongear,theangleofpressurethechangeispreciselylikelythecamtransmitsinthecirculationgeneratingprocessthemovementactiononekindofmeasurementwhichgoesfromthemovingparts.Thebigangleofpressurewillproduceexertsfromthemovingpartspolesideforce,becauseofthefrictionforceexistence,thatinevitablywilllimitfromthemovingpartsintheguidechannel.Needtheintermittentmotioninautomatedmachinerymanyapplications.Assoonasatypicalexamplewillrequestonetoincludetherisetostandstillareturnsandthepossibleanotheridletimecycle,eachstagewillpassthroughtheanglewhichwillassign,willfollowaninstitutetorequestfromthemovingpartsdisplacement,thisdisplacementorwillmeasurebythecentimeter.Designersworkdesignsthiscamcorrespondingly.Firstmustdothedecisionmakingismustchoosethecamfromthemovingpartstype.Thestipulationapplicationpossibletorequestthecamandunifiesfromthemovingparts.TransformsincludesforpolicymakingcertainfactorsGeometryshapecondition,dynamiccondition,environmentalconditionandeconomicagent.Oncethecamwithwasdesignatedfromthemovingpartsmovementvicetype,thensurelydesignatedfromthemovingpartsmovement.Therefore,thespeed,theaccelerationandincertainsituations,reallyaretheextremefromthemovingpartsdisplacementfurtherplantobeimportant.Thegearisdrawssupportingearteethsuccessmeshingtransmitsthemovementthemachinepart.Gearfromagyroaxletoanothergyroaxletransmissionmovementortransmissionmovementtoatransmissionrack.Inthemostapplicationsalloroftendecidestorquebytheconstantangletransmissionratiotocompareexists.Intheconstantangletransmissionratioapplicationissurelytheaxialtransmission.Invarioususefulgeartypefoundation,theinputaxisandtheoutputshaftneedorneedparallelmutuallyinastraightlineallnotanylimit.Becauseusesthenonroundgear,thenonlinearangletransmissionratioalsoisveryuseful.Inordertomaintaintheconstantangularspeed,eachgeartoothprofilemustobeythegearmeshingthebasicruleInordertoapairoftoothcantransmittheconstantangletransmissionratio,theycontactthetoothprofiletheshapetohavetobemustlikethisThecommonnormalpassesintwogearcentersegmentthefixedpoint.Satisfiesthemeshingbasicruletwomeshingtoothprofiletobecalledtheconjugatetoothprofile.Althoughhasmanysatisfiesmeshesthetoothpossibletoothprofiletobeabletodesign,satisfiesthebasicmeshingrule,butonlyhastwokindstousegenerallyCycloidtoothprofileandinvolutetoothprofile.HascertainimportantmeritsinvoluteButiteasytoprocessbetweenthemanufactureandapairofinvolutegearcenterdistancemaychangedoesnotchangethetransmissionratio,whenusestheinvolutetoothprofile,butdoesnotrequestbetweenthepreciseaxisthecommondifference.Someseveralkindofstandardgearsmaysupplytoselect.Inordertoappliesundertheparallelaxiscondition,usuallyusesthestraighttoothcylindricalgears,parallelaxletiltgearorherringbonetoothgear.Usesthestraightbevelgearorthehelicalgearintheintersectionaxissituation.Regardingthenonintersectionaxisandthenonparallelgearshafttransmission,willinterlocktheaxishelicalgear,thewormbearingadjusterwormgear,theendsurfacegear,theskewedtoothbevelgearortheaccuratehyperboloidgearisselected.Regardingthestraighttoothcylindricalgears,thecountergearfestivalcircleiseachothercontacting.Theyrollmutuallydonothavetheglide.Thegearaddendumisthegearteethstretchesoutsurpassesthefestivalcirclealsoishighlybetweenfestivalcircleandaddendumcircleinradialdirectiondistance.Goesagainstthecrackisassignsthetooththededenduminthefestivalcirclefollowingtoothdepthtobebiggerthanthegeargearaddendumquantitywhichmesheswithitinterpolation.Thetooththickisalongthefestivalroundcirculararcinthecrosstoothdistance,butthetoothspacingsocketSisalongthefestivalroundcirculararcintheneighboringtwospacebetweenteethspacelength.Butthetoothsideclearanceisbiggerthanitscountergearinfestivalcircletooththickinterpolationinthefestivalcirclesocketwidth..1.2Thethread,thefastenerandthejointfastenwiththejointcomponentstypicalmethodincludingtheusesuchasbolt,thecapnut,thecapscrew,thesetscrew,therivet,thelockinginstallmentandthekey.Thecomponentsalsomayusethemelttoweld,thebrazeandtheclampconnection.Andthemetalworkingcraftresearchincludesfrequentlyintheengineeringplatstudyabouteachkindofconnectionmethodexplanation,verymuchisinterestedregardingthisintheproject,intellectualcuriositystronganybodycanobtainnaturallyaboutfastensinthemethodthegoodelementaryknowledge.

注意事项

本文(外文翻译--机构和机器原理 英文版.pdf)为本站会员(英文资料库)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网([email protected]),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5