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外文翻译--机械制造业.doc

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外文翻译--机械制造业.doc

1附录1MachinerymanufacturingindustryMachinerymanufacturingindustrytoengageinallkindsofpowermachinery,liftingthetransportmachinery,agriculturalmachinery,metallurgicalandminingmachinery,chemicalmachinery,textilemachinery,machinetools,tools,instruments,metersandothermachineryandequipmentmanufacturingindustry.Machinerymanufacturingindustrytoprovidetechnologyandequipmentfortheentirenationaleconomy,itsdevelopmentlevelisoneofthemainsymbolsofnationalindustrializationlevel.Mechanicalmanufacturingandautomationtechnologycloselyrelated.Machineryautomationtechnologydevelopmentandapplicationofthemechanicalmanufacturingindustrytechnologicalinnovation,technologicalprogressandthemainmeansandthetechnologydevelopmentdirection.Howtodevelopmachinery.Automationtechnologyfromfouraspects.Mechanicalautomation,mainlyinmachinerymanufacturingindustryintheapplicationofautomationtechnology,realizetheprocessingobjectcontinuousautomaticproduction,optimizetheefficientautomaticproductionprocess,tospeeduptheproductionofinputprocessingtransformandflowvelocity.Mechanicalautomationtechnologyapplicationanddevelopment,machinerymanufacturingtechnology,amajormeansoftechnologicalprogressandtechnologydevelopmentdirection.Mechanicalautomationtechnologylevel,notonlyaffectthedevelopmentofmachinemanufacturingindustry,butalsotothevariousdepartmentsofnationaleconomytechnicalprogressisverydirectinfluence.HowtodevelopChinasmachineryautomationtechnology,weshouldseektruthfromfacts,everythingfromChinasspecificnationalconditions,doagoodjobinthebasicworkofChina,gotheroadofdevelopmentofmechanicalautomationtechniques.Combinedwiththeactualproduction,payattentiontopracticaldevelopmentofmechanicalautomationtechniques.Advancedmanufacturingtechnologyallthetruemeaningliesinapplication.Thedevelopmentofmechanicalautomationtechnology,inenterprisesproductionandthedevelopmentoftheactualneedsandspecificrequirementoriented.Onlyontherightproductsusedwithsuitableautomationmodeofproduction,sowecangetgoodtechnicalandeconomicbenefitsandsocialbenefit.Thedevelopmentofourcountrymechanicalautomationtechnology,shouldcombinetheorywithpractice,payattentiontopractical,whichproducestonationaleconomyactualbenefits.Theblinddoautomation,2automaticlineapproach,annualtoproducethejobonly12monthstofinishthelowloadingrateofproductionisalsototendtothenationaleconomyshouldbecorrected,donotproducesignificantpromotion,inefficienttoslowup.Wewantisabenefit,notonlyisthespeed.Developmentoflessinvestment,quickandlowcostautomationtechnology.Developmentoflowcostautomationtechnology,potentialisgreat,perspectiveiswide,investmentprovince,geteffectivefast,improvethedegreeofautomation,canreceivethetwicetheresultwithhalftheefforteffecttotheeconomy,forourcountrypresentstagedevelopmentneedsandcharacteristics.NineteennintiestheUnitedStatesMassachusettsInstituteofTechnologypresentedtheleanproductionmodeLPLeanProduction,iswiththesmallestinvestment,obtainthebiggestyieldofspecificperformance.Drawlessonsfromabroadtodevelopmechanicalmanufacturingindustrylowcostautomationtechnologyexperienceisuseful.Chinamachinerymanufacturingenterpriseshavealargenumberofcommonequipment,inthedevelopmentofmodernautomationtechnology,shouldbebasedontheoriginalequipment,reasonableadjustmachinelayout,addasmallamountofnumericalcontrolequipment,introducingCAD/CAMtechnology,givefullplaytotheadvantagesofcomputerautomationmanagementandhumancreativity,togetherconstituteapeoplecentred,toinformationandautomationforthepilot,establishindependentunitproductionsystem,forChinasmachinerymanufacturingindustrythedevelopmentofautomationtechnologyapplicationprovidesasmallinvestment,quickeffect,highefficiency,accordwithourcountrynationalconditionthemachineryautomationtechnologydevelopmentandapplicationofnewway.Universalmachinepartialautomaticmodificationhasimportantsignificance.Inourcountryinfutureforlowcost,convenientrepairuniversalmachineisneededornotdeclinedsharply,becauseamajorityofthemarkettownandtownshipenterprises,suchasthesmallfactories,laboratories,largeenterprisestoolworkshop.CombinedwithChinasnationalconditions,thedevelopmentofthemodernmechanicalautomationtechniques.Realizethemechanicalautomationisbyelementarytoadvanced,fromsimpletocomplex,fromimperfecttoperfectthedevelopmentprocess.Whenthemechanicaloperationoftheautomaticcontroller,modeofproductionfromthemechanizationgraduallytransitiontothemechanicalcontroltraditionalautomation,digitalautomationcontrol,computercontrolautomation.Theonlyestablishedautomaticchemicalplant,productionprocesstobefullyautomated,canmaketheproductivityimproving,automationtoachievetheadvancedphase.Chinarealizethemechanical3automationtechnologyisalongtermprocess,impossibleaccomplishatonestroke.Atpresent,Chinamachinerymanufacturingindustrywiththeworldadvancedlevelalsohaslevelsexdifference.Inourcountrythenationalcondition,commondevelopmentandapplicationofcomputerintegratedmanufacturingsystemforofficeautomationorautomatic,doesnothavethenecessarybasictechnology,experienceandabilitytoinvest.Accordingly,wantcommondevelopmentoverallautomationorhighlyautomatedCIMStechnology,mustdiscreetact.AndcomprehensiveautomationorhighlyautomatedCIMStechnologyalsoisnotourcountrymechanicalmanufacturingindustryisapressingmatterofthemoment,canonlybeclassifiedasmechanicalmanufactureandautomationtechnologyisthemaindirectionofdevelopment.Shoulddevelopthematuretechnologyofthemassproductionautomationtechnology.Thepresentstageofourcountry,intheproductalargenumberofsimilarproductscontinuousflowcuttingproduction,automationequipmentstillisasemiautomaticmachine,automaticmachine,thecombinationofmachineandautomaticline,consistingofrotatingpartsprocessingautomaticline.Inlargequantitiesofcasting,forging,stamping,welding,heattreatmentandassemblyproduction,usingarigidautomationautomaticsinglemachineandautomaticlineisreasonableandfeasible,canobtainbettereconomicbenefitstobreedabatchproduction,shouldbeemployedbyrapidadjustmentdeviceconsistsofthesectionorgrouplinereplaceablemodularmachinetool,spindleboxofautomaticline,shortlineandcompositemanufacturingunit,realizestheautomaticgroupandthesingleandsmallbatchproduction,weshouldpromotegrouptechnologyproceedwith,theproperdevelopmentofthenumericalcontrolmachineofentertainmentorprocessingcenter,toestablishsomeflexiblemanufacturingunitFMCFlexibleManufacturingCell,canbeobtainedbettereconomiceffect.Asadevelopingcountry,consideringallthetechnologicalproblemsofthepremisemustbeused.ChinasabsorptionofforeignflexiblemanufacturingsystemPseudoFMS,istoensurethatthenecessaryproductionflexibilityunderthepremise,optimizationofmanmachineinterface,withoutexcessivepursuitofautomation,asfaraspossibletoestablishperfectinformationsystem,fullydevelopedcomputermanagementbenefit.Thesystemofadvancedautomationequipmentandgeneralequipmentsystemcoexist,certainlinkallowstheartificialintervention.Thisisatypicalcombinedwithnationalconditions,theimplementationofguidelinesforadvancedautomationtechnologysolutions.Ourcountrypresentinthedigestiverespiratory,togetherinternationalusefulautomationtechnologyonthebasisofthetheory,shouldaccomplishhardfromthemechanicalmanufacturingindustryofourcountrys4actualsituation,developmentinnovation,formedwiththenationalcharacteristicsofthedevelopmentofautomationtechnologytheoryanddoctrine,ascomputertechnologyflexibleautomationtechnologyresearchanddevelopment,inordertoapplyforpremisewhat,needsolveswhat,toobtainpracticalexperienceofapplication.Developmentandapplicationofmechanicalautomationtechnology,tobecaughtsolidlyautomationtechnologyapplicationprojectbasedworkandfromactualapplication,bothtothedevelopmentofthehost,alsosupportingthedevelopmentofautomationcomponentsandcontrolsystem.Programmablecontroller,sensor,microprocessor,avarietyofnewcuttingtool,controlsystemandsoftwaresystem,thecomputerwillbehenceforththemaintechnicalbaseofmechanicalautomation.Studyontheproductionofalargenumberofexcellentperformance,highautomationlevelofmechanicalandelectricalproductsisthedevelopmentandapplicationofautomationtechnology.Automatedproduction,thesystemstructure,mass,volume,rigidandthepatienceofaspectsofmodernmechanicalautomationtechnologyhasanimportantimpact,mechanicaltechnologyshoulduseotherhightechtoupdate,andadapttothemodernmachineryautomationtechnologydevelopmentautomaticproduction,machinerymanufacturingsystemautomaticcontrol,automaticdetectionofservosystem,theoperationisessentialtoapplicationofmicroelectronictechnologyandautomaticcontroltheoryautomatedproduction,informationexchangeandprocessing,access,operation,judgmentanddecisionmakingarenottobeusedincomputerandinformationprocessingtechnology.Inshort,Chinasmachinerymanufacturingindustrydevelopmentandapplicationofautomationtechnology,notonlytothehighstartingpoint,aimedatadvancedworldlevel,andmustincludeavarietyofflexiblelowcost,quickautomationtechnology,adheretotheprincipleofcombiningpopularizationwiththeraising,Chinasmachineryautomationtechnologyshouldbeappliedtohealthtohighspeed,highqualityandhighefficiencyoftheroad.

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