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外文翻译--机械制造业.doc

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外文翻译--机械制造业.doc

1附录1MACHINERYMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYMACHINERYMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYTOENGAGEINALLKINDSOFPOWERMACHINERY,LIFTINGTHETRANSPORTMACHINERY,AGRICULTURALMACHINERY,METALLURGICALANDMININGMACHINERY,CHEMICALMACHINERY,TEXTILEMACHINERY,MACHINETOOLS,TOOLS,INSTRUMENTS,METERSANDOTHERMACHINERYANDEQUIPMENTMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYMACHINERYMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYTOPROVIDETECHNOLOGYANDEQUIPMENTFORTHEENTIRENATIONALECONOMY,ITSDEVELOPMENTLEVELISONEOFTHEMAINSYMBOLSOFNATIONALINDUSTRIALIZATIONLEVELMECHANICALMANUFACTURINGANDAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYCLOSELYRELATEDMACHINERYAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTANDAPPLICATIONOFTHEMECHANICALMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYTECHNOLOGICALINNOVATION,TECHNOLOGICALPROGRESSANDTHEMAINMEANSANDTHETECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTDIRECTIONHOWTODEVELOPMACHINERYAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYFROMFOURASPECTSMECHANICALAUTOMATION,MAINLYINMACHINERYMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYINTHEAPPLICATIONOFAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGY,REALIZETHEPROCESSINGOBJECTCONTINUOUSAUTOMATICPRODUCTION,OPTIMIZETHEEFFICIENTAUTOMATICPRODUCTIONPROCESS,TOSPEEDUPTHEPRODUCTIONOFINPUTPROCESSINGTRANSFORMANDFLOWVELOCITYMECHANICALAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYAPPLICATIONANDDEVELOPMENT,MACHINERYMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGY,AMAJORMEANSOFTECHNOLOGICALPROGRESSANDTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTDIRECTIONMECHANICALAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYLEVEL,NOTONLYAFFECTTHEDEVELOPMENTOFMACHINEMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRY,BUTALSOTOTHEVARIOUSDEPARTMENTSOFNATIONALECONOMYTECHNICALPROGRESSISVERYDIRECTINFLUENCEHOWTODEVELOPCHINASMACHINERYAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGY,WESHOULDSEEKTRUTHFROMFACTS,EVERYTHINGFROMCHINASSPECIFICNATIONALCONDITIONS,DOAGOODJOBINTHEBASICWORKOFCHINA,GOTHEROADOFDEVELOPMENTOFMECHANICALAUTOMATIONTECHNIQUESCOMBINEDWITHTHEACTUALPRODUCTION,PAYATTENTIONTOPRACTICALDEVELOPMENTOFMECHANICALAUTOMATIONTECHNIQUESADVANCEDMANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGYALLTHETRUEMEANINGLIESINAPPLICATIONTHEDEVELOPMENTOFMECHANICALAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGY,INENTERPRISESPRODUCTIONANDTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEACTUALNEEDSANDSPECIFICREQUIREMENTORIENTEDONLYONTHERIGHTPRODUCTSUSEDWITHSUITABLEAUTOMATIONMODEOFPRODUCTION,SOWECANGETGOODTECHNICALANDECONOMICBENEFITSANDSOCIALBENEFITTHEDEVELOPMENTOFOURCOUNTRYMECHANICALAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGY,SHOULDCOMBINETHEORYWITHPRACTICE,PAYATTENTIONTOPRACTICAL,WHICHPRODUCESTONATIONALECONOMYACTUALBENEFITSTHEBLINDDOAUTOMATION,2AUTOMATICLINEAPPROACH,ANNUALTOPRODUCETHEJOBONLY12MONTHSTOFINISHTHELOWLOADINGRATEOFPRODUCTIONISALSOTOTENDTOTHENATIONALECONOMYSHOULDBECORRECTED,DONOTPRODUCESIGNIFICANTPROMOTION,INEFFICIENTTOSLOWUPWEWANTISABENEFIT,NOTONLYISTHESPEEDDEVELOPMENTOFLESSINVESTMENT,QUICKANDLOWCOSTAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTOFLOWCOSTAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGY,POTENTIALISGREAT,PERSPECTIVEISWIDE,INVESTMENTPROVINCE,GETEFFECTIVEFAST,IMPROVETHEDEGREEOFAUTOMATION,CANRECEIVETHETWICETHERESULTWITHHALFTHEEFFORTEFFECTTOTHEECONOMY,FOROURCOUNTRYPRESENTSTAGEDEVELOPMENTNEEDSANDCHARACTERISTICSNINETEENNINTIESTHEUNITEDSTATESMASSACHUSETTSINSTITUTEOFTECHNOLOGYPRESENTEDTHELEANPRODUCTIONMODELPLEANPRODUCTION,ISWITHTHESMALLESTINVESTMENT,OBTAINTHEBIGGESTYIELDOFSPECIFICPERFORMANCEDRAWLESSONSFROMABROADTODEVELOPMECHANICALMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYLOWCOSTAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYEXPERIENCEISUSEFULCHINAMACHINERYMANUFACTURINGENTERPRISESHAVEALARGENUMBEROFCOMMONEQUIPMENT,INTHEDEVELOPMENTOFMODERNAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGY,SHOULDBEBASEDONTHEORIGINALEQUIPMENT,REASONABLEADJUSTMACHINELAYOUT,ADDASMALLAMOUNTOFNUMERICALCONTROLEQUIPMENT,INTRODUCINGCAD/CAMTECHNOLOGY,GIVEFULLPLAYTOTHEADVANTAGESOFCOMPUTERAUTOMATIONMANAGEMENTANDHUMANCREATIVITY,TOGETHERCONSTITUTEAPEOPLECENTRED,TOINFORMATIONANDAUTOMATIONFORTHEPILOT,ESTABLISHINDEPENDENTUNITPRODUCTIONSYSTEM,FORCHINASMACHINERYMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYTHEDEVELOPMENTOFAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYAPPLICATIONPROVIDESASMALLINVESTMENT,QUICKEFFECT,HIGHEFFICIENCY,ACCORDWITHOURCOUNTRYNATIONALCONDITIONTHEMACHINERYAUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYDEVELOPMENTANDAPPLICATIONOFNEWWAYUNIVERSALMACHINEPARTIALAUTOMATICMODIFICATIONHASIMPORTANTSIGNIFICANCEINOURCOUNTRYINFUTUREFORLOWCOST,CONVENIENTREPAIRUNIVERSALMACHINEISNEEDEDORNOTDECLINEDSHARPLY,BECAUSEAMAJORITYOFTHEMARKETTOWNANDTOWNSHIPENTERPRISES,SUCHASTHESMALLFACTORIES,LABORATORIES,LARGEENTERPRISESTOOLWORKSHOPCOMBINEDWITHCHINASNATIONALCONDITIONS,THEDEVELOPMENTOFTHEMODERNMECHANICALAUTOMATIONTECHNIQUESREALIZETHEMECHANICALAUTOMATIONISBYELEMENTARYTOADVANCED,FROMSIMPLETOCOMPLEX,FROMIMPERFECTTOPERFECTTHEDEVELOPMENTPROCESSWHENTHEMECHANICALOPERATIONOFTHEAUTOMATICCONTROLLER,MODEOFPRODUCTIONFROMTHEMECHANIZATIONGRADUALLYTRANSITIONTOTHEMECHANICALCONTROLTRADITIONALAUTOMATION,DIGITALAUTOMATIONCONTROL,COMPUTERCONTROLAUTOMATIONTHEONLYESTABLISHEDAUTOMATICCHEMICALPLANT,PRODUCTIONPROCESSTOBEFULLYAUTOMATED,CANMAKETHEPRODUCTIVITYIMPROVING,AUTOMATIONTOACHIEVETHEADVANCEDPHASECHINAREALIZETHEMECHANICAL3AUTOMATIONTECHNOLOGYISALONGTERMPROCESS,IMPOSSIBLEACCOMPLISHATONESTROKEATPRESENT,CHINAMACHINERYMANUFACTURINGINDUSTRYWITHTHEWORLDADVANCEDLEVELALSOHASLEVELSEXDIFFERENCEINOURCOUNTRYTHENATIONALCONDITION,COMMONDEVELOPMENTANDAPPLICATIONOFCOMPUTERINTEGRATEDMANUFACTURINGSYSTEMFOROFFICEAUTOMATIONORAUTOMATIC,DOESNOTHAVETHENECESSARYBASICTECHNOLOGY,EXPERIENCEANDABILITYTOINVESTACCORDINGLY,WANTCOMMONDEVELOPMENTOVERALLAUTOMATIONORHIGHLYAUTOMATEDCIMSTECHNOLO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