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外文翻译--混砂机.doc

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外文翻译--混砂机.doc

英文原文英语原文SandmixerAbstractAfoundrysandmixerformixinganddispensingsilicaorgreensandandtheiradditivesthroughtheenclosedlongitudinalbeltconveyormechanismhavingapluralityofopeningsinthetopcommunicatingwithafirstfeederdisposedabovetheenclosedlongitudinalbeltconveyormechanismandincludingapairofopeningsinthebottom.Thefirstfeederincludesanaugertypeconveyorandasandweircommunicatingwiththemostupstreamopeninginthefirstfeeder.Afirsthopperforcontainingsilicasandandasecondhopperforcontaininggreensandaredisposedoverthefirstfeeder.Aselectivevalveisdisposedatthebottomofeachofthefirstandsecondhopperspermittingtheflowofsandthroughonlyoneofthehoppersatanytimeorpreventingtheflowofanysandfromthehoppers.Themixermayincludeadditionalfeeders,someofwhicharedisposedaboveanddownstreamfromthefirstfeeder,andothersincludingpumpsareconnectedtoapluralityoffluidsthatarefedthroughaconstantspeedmixerwherethematerialsaremixedandthemixedmaterialsdeliveredatadischargeopening.InventorsFrankie,DonaldM.1599GullLa.,Mound,MN,55364Claims1.Inafoundrysandmixerformixinganddispensingsilicaorgreensandandtheiradditives,thecombinationcomprisingaasupportframepivotalaboutaverticalaxisandhavingaplatformextendingradiallytherefrombanenclosureincludinganenclosedlongitudinalbeltconveyormechanismextendingabovesaidplatformandhavingapluralityofopeningsinthetopoftheenclosurecommunicatingwithsaidbeltconveyormechanismcfirstfeedermeansdisposedaboveandatthemostupstreamlocationofsaidenclosedlongitudinalbeltconveyormechanism,saidfirstfeedermeanshavingabottomandconvergingslopingsidescommunicatingnearthebottomwithanaugertypeconveyor,andhavingapairofopeningslongitudinallyseparatedinthebottomthereoffeedingsaidbeltconveyordasandweircommunicatingwiththemostupstreamopeningofsaidpairofopeningsinsaidfirstfeedermeans,saidsandweirdisposedabovesaidlongitudinalbeltconveyormechanismfordispersingsandonsaidbeltconveyormechanismeafirsthopperforcontainingsilicasanddisposedovertheupstreamportionofsaidfirstfeedermeansfasecondhopperforcontaininggreensanddisposeddownstreamfromsaidfirsthopperandoversaidfirstfeedermeansgselectivevalvemeansdisposedatthebottomofeachofsaidfirstandsecondhopperspermittingtheflowofsandthroughonlyoneofsaidhoppersatanytimeorpreventingtheflowofanysandfromsaidhoppershandcontrolmeansoperablyconnectedtosaidselectivevalvemeansforselectingoneofsaidtwosandsorneithertobedispensedontosaidbeltconveyor.2.Thestructuresetforthinclaim1includingiapluralityofsecondfeedermeansdisposedabovesaidbeltconveyormechanismandatadownstreamlocationfromsaidfirstfeedermeans,eachofsaidpluralityofsecondfeedermeanshavingabottomandconvergingslopingsidescommunicatingnearthebottomwithanaugertypeconveyorandhavinganopeninginthebottomthereoffeedingsaidbeltconveyorjaconstantspeedmixerdisposedonsaidplatformandarrangedtoreceivegranularandliquidmaterials,mixthematerialsanddeliverthemixedmaterialsatadischargeopening,saidbeltconveyorcommunicatingwithsaidmixerkandapluralityofpumpmeansconnectedtoapluralityoffluidsandcommunicatingwithsaidmixer.DescriptionThisinventionrelatestothefieldofmixersandmoreparticularlytothefieldoffoundrysandmixersformixingsilicaorgreensandandtheiradditives.BACKGROUNDOFTHEINVENTIONWhiletheartofmixingfoundrysandpersethroughamechanicalprocessisgenerallyknown,thereareattendantproblemsinattemptingtousethesameequipmentformixinggreensandanditsadditivesasgenerallymightbeusedinamixerusingsilicasandanditsadditives.Becauseoftheinherentdifferencesinthematerialstobemixedandpassedthroughthemachine,thepracticehasgenerallybeentouseseparatemachinesforeachofthedifferentfoundrysandmaterialsandprocesses.SUMMARYOFTHEINVENTIONTheembodimentsofthisimprovementinventionmakesitpossibletocombinethenecessaryequipmentintoasinglemachinetomixeithergreensandorsilicasandandtheiradditives.Variousmeanshavebeenattemptedtomixgreensandwhichrequirestheadditionofsuchothergranularanddryingredientsasfireclay,bentonite,seacoal,pitch,woodflourandthelike,alongwithanappropriatemixtureofwater.Ontheotherhand,silicasand,whichmayalsobeknownasanobakesand,isgenerallymixedwithdrygranularmaterialssuchaschromiteandferricoxideandseveralliquidingredientswhichmayincludecertainchemicals.Becausecertaingreensandmoldsmaybebrokendownafteruseandreused,greensand,whenmixedwithsuchcomponents,providesadifferentflowpatternthanthatofsilicasand.Silicasandflowsthroughhoppersandequipmentmuchliketheflowofwaterwhereasgreensandhasadditionaladditivesandmixturesthatgenerallymakeitlumpywithattendantflowproblems.Variousmeanshavebeendevisedinthepasttomakeaslurryoftheadditivesandaddthemtothegreensandbutthemechanismdoesnotprovetobeusefulinworkingwithbothtypesofmoldingsand.OnesuchmechanismisthatdisclosedinU.S.Pat.No.3,070,858issuedtoJ.S.Beacon.Itisalsoknownthatcertainsilicasandornobakesandmixershavebeenavailablebutarenotoperabletorungreensandthroughthemandmixthegreensandinthemannergenerallyattributabletosilicasand.OnesuchdisclosureofamechanismofthistypeisfoundinU.S.Pat.No.3,682,448isuedtoKedzioretal.ThepresentinventionisanimprovementuponthemechanismdisclosedinmyearlierU.S.Pat.No.4,140,246entitledPROPORTIONALCONTROLSYSTEMFORFOUNDRYSANDMIXINGDEVICE.Itisthereforeageneralobjectofthepresentinventiontoprovideanimprovementinfoundrysandmixingequipment.Itisamorespecificobjectofthisinventiontoprovideafoundrysandmixerthatwillmixeithersilicasandorfoundrygreensandandtheiradditives.Itisyetanotherobjectofthisinventiontoprovideafoundrysandmixerinwhicheithersilicasandorfoundrygreensandiscontrolledbyavalvemechanismselectivelydepositingoneortheotheronabeltconveyorforpropermixing.Theseandotherobjectsandadvantagesoftheinventionwillmorefullyappearfromthefollowingdescription,madeinconnectionwiththeaccompanyingdrawings,whereinlikereferencecharactersrefertothesameorsimilarpartsthroughouttheseveralviews,andinwhichFIG.1isaperspectiveviewoftheinventionFIG.2isaschematicdiagramofthemixercontrolcircuitFIGS.3Aand3BareschematicdiagramsofthedrivecircuitsforallofthevariablespeedmotorsdrivingfeedersandpumpsintheinventionFIG.4isadiagramofthecontrolpanelontheendofthemixerandFIG.5isaschematicdiagramoftheselectivesandvalve.PREFERREDEMBODIMENTReferenceisnowmadetoFIG.1whereinthefoundrysandmixer10isdisclosed.Themixerissecuredtoabase11thathasaverticalaxisaboutwhichahousing12pivots,housing12havingacantileverbeam13extendingradiallytherefrom.Attheupstreamendofthemechanism,abracket14supportsoneendofanenclosedconveyormechanism15andtheotherendofconveyormechanism15issupportedbyachute16thatactsasasupportbracketthatisindirectlysecuredtobeam13.Abeltconveyor17isdisposedwithinthehousing15andissupportedformovementbyapluralityofhorizontaltransverselyorientedrollers20.Adirectcurrentdrivemotor21isconnectedtothedownstreamendrollertodrivethebeltconveyormechanism17.Disposedabovetheenclosedconveyor15isafirstfeeder22whichiselevatedslightlyabovetheconveyorenclosure15.Feeder22isinthenatureofacontainerhavingslopingsidesconvergingatthebottomwithanaugertypeconveyor23drivenbyavariablespeedmotor24.Feeder22hasitssidesextendingupwardlyatanangleofapproximately30degreeswithaverticalandithasbeenfoundthatifthesidesextendoutwardlysothattheanglewiththeverticalisapproximately45degrees,flowofthegreensandwillbeencumbered.Feeder22hastwoopeningsinthebottomthereof,thefirstterminatinginasandweir25whichisattheupstreamlocationwithrespecttothelongitudinaldimensionofthefeederandisdirectlybeneathasilicasandhopper26.Disposeddownstreamfromsaidweir25isatubularmember27thatcommunicatesbetweenanopening30inthebottomoffirstfeeder22andthetopoftheenclosedconveyormechanism15.Disposedacrosstheopening30isascarifier31inthenatureoftworightanglediametricallyorientedrodsthatareusedtobreakupanylumpsthatmaystillexistuponbeingconveyedtothatopeningbyaugerconveyor23.Silicasandhopper26isdisclosedasbeinggenerallyrectangularinshapehavingacommonside32whichactsasaseparatorwithanotherhopper33thatisusedtocontaingreensand.Thesidesofthehoppersslopedownwardlyinaconvergingmannerandareterminatedinapairofchutes34and35.Aselectivevalve36isdisposedacrosstheopeningsofchutes34and35sothatuponmovementtotherightasseeninFIG.1sandwillflowfromhopper26throughchute34intofirstfeeder22butblockflowofsandthroughchute35anduponmovementtotheleft,valvemeanswillpermitflowofgreensandfromhopper33throughchute35butblockthemovementofsilicasand.Inotherwords,eithersilicasandorgreensandisadmittedduringthetwoextrememovementsandwhilethevalveisinitscenterposition,sandisrestrictedfrommovementintoeitherchute34or35.Selectivevalve36iscontrolledbyanaircylinder37thathasapistonrod38connectedtovalve36throughalinkage40.Asolenoidactuatedvalve41isconnectedtoasourceofpressurizedair42throughapneumaticline43.Thesourceofairunderpressureisgenerally100psiforgoodoperatingconditions.Apairofpneumaticlines44and45connectsolenoidvalve41withaircylinder37andthesolenoidcoilsarecontrolledthroughanelectricalcircuitconnectedtothesolenoidvalve41.A110voltsourceisconnectedthroughacommonlead46tosolenoidvalve41andonecoilhasitsreturncurrentpaththroughaconductor47andoneterminalofasinglepoledoublethrowswitch50.Theswitchbladeisconnectedtotheotherterminalofthe110voltsourcethroughaconductor51.Anothercoilinthesolenoidvalve41isconnectedthroughtheelectricalcircuitbyaconductor52connectedtoanotherterminalofswitch50.AsdisclosedinFIG.5,whentheswitchbladeisconnectedwithconductor47,thesilicasandornobakesandispermittedtopassthroughvalvemechanism36andwhentheotherportionofthesolenoidvalveisactuatedthroughconductor52,thegreensandispermittedtopassthroughvalve36.Asecondfeeder53isdisposedabovetheconveyorenclosure15downstreamfromfirstfeeder22.Secondfeeder53hasthesamegeneralshapeandconfigurationasthatoffirstfeeder22andincludesaconveyorauger54drivenbyavariablespeedmotor55throughapairofsprockets56and57andachain58.Secondfeeder53hasanopeninginitsbottomnearthedownstreamendofaugerconveyor54whichiscoupledtothehousing15throughatubularmember60.Disposedabovetheaugerconveyor54isastirrer61thatisintheformofshaftextendingparalleltotheshaftoftheaugerconveyor54andhavingapluralityofbranchesorarmsextendingtherefrom,whichwhentheassemblyisturnedtendstobreakupanybridgesorlumpingofmaterialssuchasbentoniteorseacoal.Apairofsprocketsandachaindrivestirrer61formtheshaftofaugerconveyor54.Athirdfeeder62isdisposeddownstreamfromsecondfeeder53andisgenerallyidenticalforthemostparttothatofsecondfeeder53.Feeder62alsocontainsanaugurtypeconveyor63drivenbyvariablespeedmotor64withatubularsection65connectingtheopeninginthebottomofthefeederthroughanopeninginthetopof

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